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File: dc6776a50966b10⋯.jpg (82.13 KB, 1024x683, 1024:683, Verrazano_THE_STORM.jpg)

37efbd  No.9207873[Last 50 Posts]

Good day to anons reading this,

This thread is going to be an attempt to build the Qmap by building the bridges and making the connections between different issues & threads, as well as finding out the truth about the REAL history of mankind. It’s all about digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs, digs…

Link to Bridges & Maps 3: https://8kun.top/qresearch/res/6687429.html

Archives of :

Bridges & Maps 1: http://archive.is/yzA4B

Bridges & Maps 2: https://archive.is/VbcWi

____________________________
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37efbd  No.9207899

This is Thomas anon,

Good day to everyone reading this,

I’m trying this one more time. I was “sick” and “away”, when I came back, the 4th thread was gone. I’m going to repost what I have written before (making tiny changes or corrections) and continue from there.

I’ve declared in the past that I will TALK about “some” of what I KNOW WHEN THE TIME COMES; as in when the arrests start. That time has come.

This is GIANT puzzle. I’ve been holding some important pieces in my hand for decades now, without even realizing what they actually are or mean. I’ve managed to put some pieces together, while I’m still missing the connection between others. Hopefully, with the help of some anons, I might find those missing links and tie everything together.

For the work in this thread, I will appreciate every single assistance I will get, so let me send a “thank you” from the get go to everyone willing to help. As for the sources: for the written stuff, I will be mentioning them as I post, each according to where I am. But I want to attract the attention of anons that archeological artifacts, interviews with eye witnesses and maps can also be considered a source. It’s easy for anons to look at an artifact and notice the details, the message and what it is proving. So I’m not going to solely rely on written sources.

The digs are going to be a bit different in this thread; anything we find just won’t do. It’s going to be targeted digs, specific, as much as we can. In some parts, I’m still in the dark (sort of speak), so if I misinterpret or misunderstand, I will correct and/or apologize as I usually do.

I need to explain some things before I start. What is archeology? It’s a composition of 2 Greek words: Archeos means ancient, old; while Logos means word, or story. In other words archeology is the “story” of old things = the history of our past. A lot of people misinterpret archeology and what the work of an archeologist really consist of. A lot of people think we dig on the field and just go home. The truth is our work is composed of 4 very separate stages:

1 – The digging phase: it includes the actual digging, taking measurements of all sorts, filling the initial data, taking pictures etc. Loads of paper work, everything is meticulously noted.

2 – The reconstruction/restoration phase: here, we clean up everything dug out, manually and restore the broken artifacts (if needed) and we send some stuff to specialized labs depending on what we have. Second wave of paperwork.

3 –The report phase: Combining the info, comparing or searching in the archives and older database; which ends up in writing the final report = in other words digging in papers to put everything together.

4 – Museum phase: Now not all of our findings go into Museums, only the remarkable, rare or interesting pieces. Most of the finding goes into storage facilities.

So you see anons, our work doesn’t consist of simply digging. It’s a long process. And the time we spend on the field, is just like a tiny fraction of what we spend in labs, offices, libraries and archive rooms. We encounter loads and loads of “surprise bumps” while we work = from all types, shapes and forms. So we end up knowing a bit of everything, like being a carpenter, an architect, a chemist etc. We must have that little basic knowledge in loads of fields in order to get the work done without calling 911 every 10 min….if you know what I mean there. There is a misconception about what archeologists do, but there is also a misconception about archeology itself.

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37efbd  No.9207918

File: cc16fdd3dbb2849⋯.jpg (1.67 MB, 2271x3124, 2271:3124, King_Tabnit_sarcophagus_Si….jpg)

File: 7eb079b64f80372⋯.jpg (34.19 KB, 576x768, 3:4, louvre_sarcophage_eshmunaz….jpg)

File: ba6c927f31812d5⋯.jpg (1.11 MB, 1652x2746, 826:1373, Lycian_sarcophagus_Sidon.jpg)

>>9207899

(Please read from the start)

In our modern day time, loads and loads of people believe strongly that whatever is written in books, mostly history books, us archeologist must find the artifact AS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK. Add to it MSM, Hollywood and recently the internet with social media, the truth is easily twisted, distorted to fit whatever narrative a few choses it to be. A lot of people nowadays want quick clicks and fast reading. Unfortunately that doesn’t work in archeology mostly if you are trying to find the truth about something specific. See in archeology, the initial data is always pure, raw….However, the interpretation of the data can be easily biased and manipulated. What people read on the net and from main stream history books are just that = it’s the analyzed version of the initial information found in archeology, which can be biased in the wrong hands. No one is willing to go and dig into a mountain of paper work just to get one sentence out. But it’s much easier and less time consuming to read what others interpret and write about the data.

To make it clearer for anons, I’m going to give you a few examples:

1 – Take a look at all sarcophaguses I’ve attached pictures of in this drop. At first glance, a lot of people immediately say, the first 2 are Pharaoh Egyptian and the last one is Greek. I’m certain millions of people walked by these sarcophaguses in museums without even knowing that they are actually Phoenician. And here comes the drama and the hysteria when I say that to people: “but, but….Phoenician doesn’t look like that! It looks Greek, Egyptian…. That’s impossible.”

No it isn’t? There is a very logical explanation to that. It was the trend back then ^_^ Tabnit and Eshmunazor were both kings of the Polis Sidon and back then, there was Egyptian art influence on the East coast of the Med sea. Those 2 kings had money and they bought those sarcophaguses. Tabnit wrote inscriptions in both hieroglyphics and Phoenician on the cover of his anthropoid sarcophagus, while Eshmunazor only wrote in Phoenician. Then, we have in a later period, where the Greek influence was dominating the East coast of the Med sea, a sarcophagus with Greek design on it. The explanation is super easy: I wear jeans most of the time, does that make me American? I adore eating Spaghetti Bolognese, does that make me Italian? I drive a Honda, does that make me Japanese? See what I mean by cultural influence and trends, anons? And if you’ve got money and you are king, you can buy yourself the best items that are provided by trade in the ancient world, even very exotic items.

And then, when you present this logical explanation, (((they))) and (((their))) minions come up with a supposedly counter argument saying: “if that’s the case, then the Phoenicians didn’t have any culture or arts of their own and they just copied others”. Really? That argument gets easily flushed when you point out that the biggest traders of the ancient world were the Phoenicians = they dominated trade for tens of centuries. Nowadays, if a car dealer buys a big lot of Japanese cars, can’t he keep one of them for himself and use it? And if he is wealthy, can’t he keep more than one for himself? Of course, he can. Back then was no different then what we do now. Imagine Potus not wearing a single one of the ties he produces with his name on it? Or never drink the wine the Trump family makes? Really? So since Potus is in the business, he cannot use his own products? It’s just the same for the biggest traders in the Med sea = can’t they follow the trend of back then and get buried in an Egyptian style sarcophagus? Says who? Oh! (((THEY))) said so. And since (((they))) own or control most media and printing, (((THEY))) get to write history as (((they))) want to interpret it themselves. Followed by a huge brainwashing of the public.

See how (((they))) hide the truth right in front of everyone’s nose?

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37efbd  No.9207938

File: 1b11484ff50b910⋯.jpg (204.61 KB, 808x1000, 101:125, Elizabeth_Taylor_as_Cleopa….jpg)

File: 03a8fe27a2f6e31⋯.jpg (15.6 KB, 460x288, 115:72, cleopatra_taylor_no_where_….jpg)

File: 12bf7753f2434a4⋯.jpg (73.52 KB, 689x413, 689:413, Cleopatre_VII_Marc_Antony_….jpg)

File: b7b993138d73946⋯.jpg (41.57 KB, 750x374, 375:187, Cleopatra_VII_facial_recon….jpg)

File: 51ed1f26cd3773e⋯.jpg (27.29 KB, 640x333, 640:333, Attempt_of_facial_reconstr….jpg)

>>9207918

(Please read from the start)

2 – I’m going to talk about a very specific nose, belonging to a very famous person as a second example: Cleopatra….everyone knows her right? And everyone remembers Sophia Loren, but mostly Elizabeth Taylor in her iconic role as Cleopatra. Terribly beautiful isn’t she? Such a wise and powerful woman and so romantic. That’s what (((they))) have made you believe through the means of Hollywood = their tool. The truth as archeologist knows it is totally different from the fiction we see in movies. Here again archeological artifacts are overlooked by the public and they choose the easy way into knowing history = through movies.

Ancient coins are evidence that Cleopatra VII Lagide is nothing like what Hollywood project her to be. Old coins are like a picture catalogue of ancient rulers. So take a look for yourself anons, and look closely to that nose. The truth is, among archeologists, Cleopatra VII is believed to be an ugly woman. The reason is because of the incest marriage in the royal Lagide family for centuries. If you take a look at the founder of the dynasty Ptolemy I Soter – note mostly detail of face, especially eyes, nose and chin, mouth) you will notice that most of his descendants had almost the exact same facial traits, mostly the boggled eyes. And since brothers married sisters to keep the blood pure, they perpetuated those physical traits all the way to Cleopatra VII. And yes, there were 6 other Lagide “queens” before her also named Cleopatra.

Some have attempted to make a digital reconstruction of Cleopatra VII’s true face. There are different results as anons can see, not totally identical, because the people doing the reconstruction have adopted different norms and each interpreted things their way. The point is, this is another method (((they))) used to distort history. The public doesn’t check the archeological artifact, but it’s easier, more comfy, for it to simply watch a movie = it’s like (((they))) cast a magic spell on the people using the movie and made everyone believe an alternative, false reality = welcome to the matrix anons.

I’m adding that in the documentary pointed out by Qteam = “Out of shadows”; they talked about this as well.

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37efbd  No.9207950

File: 1e9c61de979d53c⋯.jpg (25.43 KB, 525x250, 21:10, Tigrane_II_the_Great_Tetra….jpg)

>>9207938

(Please read from the start)

3 – I’ve mentioned this before and since we are talking about coins being a photographic catalogue of past rulers = their portraits; let me give anons a third example of how (((they))) twisted and manipulated history by using the example of Tigran II the Great. Plutarch mentioned Tigran II in 3 of his “Parallel Lives” (in French: “La vie des hommes illustres”): In Sulla, in Lucullus and in Pompey. In Lucullus, (XXX & XXXI) he described the “reign of Tigran II as being tyranical”. If you read the whole of what he wrote about the Armenian king, anons will get the image of a very tyrannical, block minded, arrogant, power hungry and merciless Tigran II; even I could say a total illiterate barbarian.

Upon digging further, I found out that Tigran was considered by many as a wise ruler. He was very educated for his time, speaking fluently Armenian and Greek. He was patron of arts and his court welcomed musicians, painters, sculptors, poets, writers etc. At the fall of the Seleucid Empire, Antioch called for Tigran to assimilate the Polis and its territory to his kingdom; opening the gates of the city and celebrating him entering it. They even happily accepted to print his famous tetradrachms with the title of “Basileos Basileon Tigranou” = King of Kings Tigran. The reason given by Antioch was that Tigran was considered the only remaining king in the region which not only perpetuated the Hellenistic culture but also had an army powerful enough to defend them against any barbaric aggression including the one of the Romans.

So the Romans considered whatever that was not Roman to be tyrannical, arrogant and barbaric; while the Hellenistic culture considered whatever that was not Hellenistic as barbaric. But if you look closely to Plutarch’s texts, you will notice that he “attacked” Tigran’s personality, not mentioning his accomplishments (unless they are bad ones) or the cultural nest which his court was. In other words Plutarch did his best to paint the Armenian king in a negative way. If anons compare, it’s the exact and same method used by nowadays MSM to attack Potus and paint a negative image of him. Same type, exactly the same. If I wanted to describe Plutarch bias, I would say he was the Roman CNN – if you know what I mean there.

But this doesn’t mean Plutarch’s text should be thrown away and disregarded. In fact, there is one section in his description of Tigran that matches the truth: it’s when he described Tigran’s clothing and crown. How do I know this? Remember how I keep on saying that the text must match the archeological artifact and not the artifact must match the text? The answer was provided by Tigran’s coins, his famous tetradrachms. So only in this section of his writings about Tigran did Plutarch say the truth because what he wrote is very very close to what we see on those famous tetradrachms. That section matches the archeological artifact. So you see anons, no matter how much Plutarch slandered Tigran and called him stuff, even invented stuff or omitted them, there is a small fraction in his text that was truthful. This is why we got to always handle the ancient texts very carefully, very.

4 – My last example is something that I’ve experienced myself in one of my digs. An acquaintance of mine needed an extra set of digging hands to help him out at a small site from the Middle Ages. Not my era but a digger is a digger in archeology. So I agreed to it, and of course the experts handled the artifacts that came out, I just helped them get them out of the soil. So I was digging a medieval site and I had the surprise of my life time: right there, next to the skeleton I was digging out, very close to it, was a soda can.

A soda can with the design from the late XX century, laid so close to the skeleton I was digging. My first reaction was = somebody was pulling a prank on me. I asked everyone around but everyone was as much as surprised as I was. So it was not a prank. We decided to take a closer look at this soda can: it looked like it was smashed on one side while it had this kinda of circular hole in it. We couldn’t figure out what it’s all about. There was no explanation, no logical explanation onto how this “modern” day soda can managed to get into the medieval layer which was many centuries ago. And I can assure everyone, no one pulled a prank, it was not the wind blowing it since the design on the can was from late XX century, and it was surely not the aliens who put it there. So how did it get there?

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37efbd  No.9207955

>>9207950

(Please read from the start)

To make a long story short, after many, many months of researching, digging and asking people around, we met the old gardener of the site and he told us that decades ago (date corresponding to the design on the soda can) a fast growing type of tree was planted there. A few years before he retired, that tree was cut down and uprooted because it “got sick”. After sending the soda can to the lab for further examination, we discovered miniscule shreds of wood still stuck around that hole in the can; which matched the type of trees the old gardener told us about. So you see anons, it was not an alien nor hocus pocus that got that modern day can all the way down to the medieval layer. It was someone, decades ago, who threw that soda can next to a fast growing tree. The roots of that tree somehow got a hold of the can and dragged it downwards, even piercing it through, getting it all the way down to the medieval layer.

I hope anons will take note of what I just said, mostly the examples I’ve just given, they will help you understand how it works.

Another important factor to take into consideration is CONTEXT: when we are digging a site or if we find an artifact, context is super important. And in this dig, context will play a role.

Chronology = the Time line… now that turned out to be an impossible task for me this far. It’s one of my biggest causes for headaches. I can put some stuff in a sequel, put them in a line one after the other, but it’s almost impossible to put a date on them. So if I’m going to give/ mention a date, it will be the one from the main stream history books. Of course, chronology should be revised but with what I have right now, it’s not doable. My first concern is how to measure historical chronology. By that I mean is in main stream history, we have a very important marker = birth of Christ. So we used the B.C. and A.D. to fix the date either before or after the birth of Christ. But with what I have, the problem of pin pointing a chronological marker has surfaced. Anons will understand what I’m talking about when we get to it.

In this thread, I will MAINLY be posting about 3 subjects that are interlinked, intertwined together. I call them: 1 – After the Flood. – 2 – Atlantis. – 3 – Origins.

But I want to put some boundaries: What I’m going to say is most probably going to displease a lot of anons whom are hard core believers in these subjects = Green or Grey Aliens, feline or reptile Aliens, Anunnaki, Book of Enoch, Nephilim, Flat Earth. I don’t believe in them one bit, I won’t talk about them, I won’t answer anything about them. I’ve been lurking, listening and reading for a full year now and I have not been convinced so far by any of these. The answers or explanations given are not enough for me and this type of information kept me hungry.

Tartaria, Lemuria and Antarctica, I might mention them in a shallow way, but I rather put those aside for now.

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37efbd  No.9207964

File: e40cdac3b9147b7⋯.jpg (71.39 KB, 875x509, 875:509, 3_Sides_to_a_coin.jpg)

File: d296e8c033f38ce⋯.jpg (72.71 KB, 289x989, 289:989, Coin_Edge.jpg)

>>9207955

(Please read from the start)

I’m very interested in GIANTS and ELONGATED SKULLS. I think it goes straight into a section of the puzzle. But as I just said, no Nephilim, so when I will be talking about giants, it will be mostly about graves, skeletons and sculptures.

In order to understand me better, please anons, go grab a coin; any coin would do. Then take a good long look at that coin. Turn it around and inspect closely every inch of it. If I asked anons how many sides does a coin have; what would your reply be? I bet most if not all would tell me two sides (heads and tails); while I would reply three side = heads, tails and the edge.

We always have 2 sides of things in life and that includes History: we had the main stream history and just on its opposite side, we had the alternative history. But what if both are wrong and both are right? What if neither got it right? What if each got a fragment of the truth? What if the truth was stuck on the line, somewhere, where both sides meet? What if there was a third option?

This is where I will be walking. I will be walking on that narrow edge of the coin, where the heads and the tails meet. And if you look closely, there are ridges on most coin edges = it’s going to be a bumpy ride.

I’m not “satisfied” with the main stream history, like when they tell us that the Sumerians “suddenly appeared out of nowhere”. That doesn’t make any sense? And I’m not satisfied in what the alternative history is telling us = Aliens = the anunnaki created the Sumerians. It doesn’t stick with me. What if, there was a third option? What if there was a very logical explanation? But it was kept away from us in order to hide a much bigger truth.

With everything said and done, I’m going to ask anon, whoever is truly interested in knowing the truth, to take a bit of your time and read about Armenia’s geography - precisely: the geographical location, the relief = physical geography, the hydrology, the meteorology, the fauna, the flora, agriculture, domesticated animals and the minerals coming out of the earth. In order to understand what I’m going to talk about, you got to get acquainted about those first anons.

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37efbd  No.9207982

File: eaf8acc0e253281⋯.jpg (117.67 KB, 512x512, 1:1, Heart_of_Armenia_Copy.jpg)

>>9207964

(Please read from the start)

Let me tell anons how it all started: I was working back then in a research place, as a team member and we had this big research. It took us 7 full years to accomplish it. For obvious reasons I’m not going to mention the subject of our research, but I want to point out that in order to get the information needed for that specific subject of ours, we had to gather secondary information. That secondary information consisted of two points: 1 – finding ALL the trade (traveling) routes leading to the East Coast of the Med Sea. 2 – What type of merchandise was used in trade. We also had a specific time frame to work under = from 2000 B.C. all the way to the end of Augustus’ reign. HUGE isn’t it? But just like I said, this was only secondary information which will lead us to our main research subject, back then.

The geographic area to cover was as huge as the time frame. So we decided to divide the work between us and each one of us was in charge of one “geographic location” to gather the required information from. It turned out Armenia was assigned to me. A place, I know almost nothing about apart hearing of the genocide. So I was as clueless as clueless can be about Armenia.

I had to start somewhere, right? And what better way to get acquainted with Armenia than to get to know its geography (=context). I want to point out to anons, that geography is ALWAYS HONEST, it cannot LIE or be BIASED. It’s a physical object, or should I say a force of nature that cannot be changed: like we have a mountain here, a river there, a valley next to a mountain which is this high and this wide etc. No matter how you try to twist it, the physical geography of a place remains the same for everyone to see.

I read a lot of modern books about Armenia’s geography. Of course I used maps, saw videos and pictures of it as well, to confirm what was written. I even read from ancient sources (Strabo, Geography, mostly XI) and compared what they said to modern day writing to see if there were any type of changes, mostly in the flora and fauna.

There are a few important things that popped out about Armenia’s geography that anons should take note of:

Its geographical location on a HIGH plateau = Armenia is considered a HIGHLAND. It’s like a huge maze of interlocked or zigzagging mountains, making it a NATURAL fortress. No matter what the era, century or rule was, 90 % of Armenia’s ancient capitals were located in what is called as “Armenia’s heart”, including nowadays capital Yerevan (which apparently means Victoria). I was surprised to see how easy it is to locate Armenia on any map (just like the boot shape of Italy) because of “Armenia’s heart” = the 3 Armenian lakes with the names of Van, Sevan and Urmia consist of the 3 angles of a triangle, once connected like what I did on this map, anons will have a visual of Armenia HEART. Those 3 lakes along with Erzurum and Ararat were from the beginning of times part of Armenia; they were stripped away from it by the Bloodlines at the beginning of the XXth century….but that is a story for another time.

Another specific trait in Armenia’s geography is that all through history, heart land Armenia = the plateau, never had any direct access to any sea. And then comes the weather, mostly the terrible Armenian winter. There isn’t anyone writing about it who didn’t describe it as a harsh winter, which is due to the altitude of the plateau. This terrible Armenian winter was in a strange way like a protector, shielding the plateau many months per year from invading armies.

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37efbd  No.9207998

File: 363bf885e4de500⋯.jpg (178.21 KB, 640x427, 640:427, behistun_view_2.jpg)

File: 884a3223cf0660d⋯.jpg (14.48 KB, 286x176, 13:8, Behistun_Inscription_close….jpg)

File: 925d1e31d9df294⋯.jpg (680.44 KB, 1024x831, 1024:831, Behistun_Inscription_about….jpg)

>>9207982

(Please read from the start)

Strabo, reported something about the winter: apparently travels of the Armenian Plateau during winter used very long sticks, tube like sticks. These specific sticks had a double function: 1 – In case of an avalanche occurring and they were buried, those sticks would be used as tube to breath. 2 – Those sticks would also pin point the location if they got buried in an avalanche.

Even Xenophon, in his Anabasis (IV), reported how harsh and terrible Armenia’s winter is. He even reported that the locals used, during winter, to wrap their horse’s feet with animal skins so they won’t sink into the snow. As if this was not enough, the plateau was also exposed to violent winds.

After I got acquainted to the “WHERE” my research was going to take place, it was time to find out about the “WHAT” and the “HOW”.

One of my early findings was the inscription of Behistun, located in nowadays Iran. Let me say from the get go: FOR NOW, I’m not going to comment on the relief. I’m ONLY going to talk about the TEXT.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behistun_Inscription

“The Behistun Inscription (also Bisotun, Bistun or Bisutun; Persian: ‎, Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning "the place of god") is a multilingual inscription and large rock relief on a cliff at Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran, near the city of Kermanshah in western Iran, established by Darius the Great (r. 522–486 BC). It was crucial to the decipherment of cuneiform script as the inscription includes three versions of the same text, written in three different cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian (a variety of Akkadian). The inscription is to cuneiform what the Rosetta Stone is to Egyptian hieroglyphs: the document most crucial in the decipherment of a previously lost script.

Authored by Darius the Great sometime between his coronation as king of the Persian Empire in the summer of 522 BC and his death in autumn of 486 BC, the inscription begins with a brief autobiography of Darius, including his ancestry and lineage. Later in the inscription, Darius provides a lengthy sequence of events following the deaths of Cyrus the Great and Cambyses II in which he fought nineteen battles in a period of one year (ending in December 521 BC) to put down multiple rebellions throughout the Persian Empire. The inscription states in detail that the rebellions, which had resulted from the deaths of Cyrus the Great and his son Cambyses II, were orchestrated by several impostors and their co-conspirators in various cities throughout the empire, each of whom falsely proclaimed kinghood during the upheaval following Cyrus's death.

Darius the Great proclaimed himself victorious in all battles during the period of upheaval, attributing his success to the "grace of Ahura Mazda".

The inscription is approximately 15 m (49 ft) high by 25 m (82 ft) wide and 100 m (330 ft) up a limestone cliff from an ancient road connecting the capitals of Babylonia and Media (Babylon and Ecbatana, respectively). The Old Persian text contains 414 lines in five columns; the Elamite text includes 593 lines in eight columns, and the Babylonian text is in 112 lines. The inscription was illustrated by a life-sized bas-relief of Darius I, the Great, holding a bow as a sign of kingship, with his left foot on the chest of a figure lying on his back before him. The supine figure is reputed to be the pretender Gaumata. Darius is attended to the left by two servants, and nine one-meter figures stand to the right, with hands tied and rope around their necks, representing conquered peoples. A Faravahar floats above, giving its blessing to the king. One figure appears to have been added after the others were completed, as was Darius's beard, which is a separate block of stone attached with iron pins and lead.”

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37efbd  No.9208004

File: 4f8c967a40149d7⋯.jpg (826.74 KB, 1269x1261, 1269:1261, darius_the_great_behistun_….jpg)

>>9207998

(Please read from the start)

A translated section from the inscription:

“Darius also lists the territories under his rule:

King Darius says: These are the countries which are subject unto me, and by the grace of Ahuramazda I became king of them: Persia [Pârsa], Elam [Ûvja], Babylonia [Bâbiruš], Assyria [Athurâ], Arabia [Arabâya], Egypt [Mudrâya], the countries by the Sea [Tyaiy Drayahyâ], Lydia [Sparda], the Greeks [Yauna (Ionia)], Media [Mâda], Armenia [Armina], Cappadocia [Katpatuka], Parthia [Parthava], Drangiana [Zraka], Aria [Haraiva], Chorasmia [Uvârazmîy], Bactria [Bâxtriš], Sogdia [Suguda], Gandhara [Gadâra], Scythia [Saka], Sattagydia [Thataguš], Arachosia [Harauvatiš] and Maka [Maka]; twenty-three lands in all.”

And there is also this second source, to read carefully because of Vanderbilt University (this indirectly means cabal was trying to decipher the text – (((they))) were interested in it): https://www.ancient.eu/Behistun_Inscription/

It’s important to note “the countries by the Sea” = this refers to the Phoenician City-States, like Byblos, Tyr, Sidon, etc. But we will leave this for some other time. And of course, there is Armenia. Why is this important or relevant to my research? Because it is providing subtle information beyond the obvious ones: the Armenian Satrap couldn’t leave the territory for LONG. All of the Satraps were supposed to pay tribute to the Medes then the Persians. With the “political” instability and mostly the rebellion of some of the Satraps, it’s obvious the Armenian Satrap couldn’t leave for a very long period his Satrapy to travel all the way to Persia to pay the tribute.A subtle information which was backed up by the harsh and terrible winter of Armenia: they had a very narrow time window in which they could travel from and back Armenia without being trapped by the weather. So in an indirect way the Inscription of Behistun provided me with 2 clues:

1 – The means of travel shouldn’t consume too much time, it should be a “quick” method of traveling all of this distance, and this includes all types of people traveling, from the Satrap to traders.

2 – Armenia had “precious” merchandise (thought after) which was paid as tribute to the Achaemenid kings.

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37efbd  No.9208077

File: af823ce995a91f7⋯.jpg (356.57 KB, 800x1183, 800:1183, Persepolis_Reconstruction_….jpg)

File: 8446fa0ccd0e707⋯.jpg (466.19 KB, 1024x665, 1024:665, apadana_staircase_persepol….jpg)

File: dcc92b00a054484⋯.jpg (121.31 KB, 500x377, 500:377, general_Apadana_East_Stair….jpg)

File: 461ed87ce284083⋯.jpg (291.92 KB, 2047x683, 2047:683, Panoramic_Apadana_Persepol….jpg)

File: e0b4110f3423308⋯.jpg (62.25 KB, 512x376, 64:47, Armenian_delegation_to_pay….jpg)

>>9208004

(Please read from the start)

This lead me to check what was THAT tribute and it lead me straight to Apadana East Stairs’ relief.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apadana

“Apadana […] is a large hypostyle hall, best said the great audience hall and portico at Persepolis and the palace of Susa. The Persepolis Apadana belongs to the oldest building phase of the city of Persepolis, the first half of the 6th century BC, as part of the original design by Darius the Great. Its construction completed by Xerxes I. Modern scholarship "demonstrates the metaphorical nature of the Apadana reliefs as idealised social orders".

“The Apadana was the largest building on the Terrace at Persepolis and was excavated by the German archaeologist Ernst Herzfeld and his assistant Friedrich Krefter, and Erich Schmidt, between 1931 and 1939. Important material relevant to the excavations are today housed in the archives of the Freer Gallery of Art in Washington, DC.

It was most likely the main hall of the kings. The columns reached 20m high and had complex capitals in the shape of bulls or lions. Here, the great king received the tribute from all the nations in the Achaemenid Empire, and gave presents in return.

Access to the hall is given by two monumental stairways, on the north and on the east. These are decorated by reliefs, showing delegates of the 23 subject nations of the Persian Empire paying tribute to Darius I, who is represented seated centrally. The various delegates are shown in great detail, giving insight into the costume and equipment of the various peoples of Persia in the 5th century BC. There are inscriptions in Old Persian and Elamite.”

On the East side of the Apadana staircase the Armenian delegation is represented. And what they paid as tribute was: HORSES and WINE. This archeological finding was supported by what was written in ancient sources (remember how I always say that the written source must fit the artifact and not the other way around?).

In his Cyropaedia (III), Xenophon mentions a dispute between the locals in Armenia which was resolved by King Cyrus. When reading this, many domesticated animals were mentioned, including the Armenian horse.

But the best confirmation came from Strabo, Geography (XI) who stated that Armenia had to pay as tribute of 20 thousand foals, that is 20 000 FOALS, PER YEAR to the Achaemenid king; for the Mithra festival held on the 25th of December each year. Ring a bell anyone? Please take NOTE for later.

Xenophon in his Anabasis (IV) supports Strabo’s words and adds that these foals were destined to the cult of the SUN. After extensive reading, I found out it was widely known through the ages and all the way up to modern times that Armenia was the “Land of horses”. It was famous for it.

Upon further digging, I found out that the prophet Ezekiel said in his lament of Tyr (XXVII,14) : “14The men of Beth-togarmah exchanged horses, war horses, and mules for your wares.” He says that Togarmah comes from the “extreme north”; combining this information with Armenia being known as the land of horses, we can say that “Beth Togarmah ( = house of Togarma) is a reference to Armenia. I will explain this further later on.

We shouldn’t forget the WINE we saw in the relief of Apadana, which I considered as the second Armenian merchandise. I did a lot of reading anons, and I found out that during the centuries the Armenian merchandise traded varied a bit depending on the age and time, but there were 3 MAJOR items which turned out to be consistent = the Armenian horses as I’ve just given an example of, the Armenian wine and animal skin and/or furs. These turned out to be the most famous, consistent Armenian trade items during the ages. And yes, they reached the shores of the East Med Sea. So I finally nailed the WHAT = the Armenian merchandise that reached the coast = HORSES, WINE & ANIMAL SKINS.

Anons, you will understand me more and more as I progress and you will understand why I’m leaving secondary research and details aside for now and going straight ahead to the Main GOAL.

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37efbd  No.9208086

File: ba29c1b403cce52⋯.jpg (169.25 KB, 959x503, 959:503, Mount_Greater_Ishkhanasar_….jpg)

File: 847503fc4ac849c⋯.jpg (57.46 KB, 800x533, 800:533, winter_panorama_armenian_m….jpg)

>>9208077

(Please read from the start)

Since I knew the WHERE and the WHAT it was time to find out the HOW; how did they travel from the high plateau to the East coast of the Med Sea?

When trade is concerned, there are usually 3 ways of travel:

1 – By Air.

2 – By Land.

3 – By Water.

1 – Well, this one was quick and easy to solve: there were no flying machinery back then, so Air travel didn’t occur. This method of travel is easily eliminated.

2 – At first glance traveling by land is doable; all the travelers had to do is to follow the sun (during the day) and the stars (during the night) for directions. But upon looking further into this, I found out it’s not a favorable way of travel, despite the fact that it can be done. There were many disadvantages:

2A- The first disadvantage is the relief of Armenia itself; all of those mountains and valleys interlocked, creating a big maze as I’ve stated before. So instead of going through a straight walking line, the travelers will have to zigzag a lot, making the walking distance longer, more tiresome, and more time consuming – remember the Armenian satrap couldn’t leave his Satrapy for a long period of time because of revolt possibility. Apart that, anons should remember that BACK THEN, there were no paved road, no tarmac, no street lights….it was all mountain trails and dirt roads. Since Armenia is a mountainous country, we should add to the equation the terrain slides and soil movement, mostly after the snow melts. The plateau is volcanic in nature, so we shouldn’t rule out earthquakes as well.

2B- The second disadvantage is the weather. As stated before, the long, terrible and harsh Armenian winter narrows down the time window to travel (remember the tube like sticks mentioned in previous drop). But that was not the only problem the weather caused. Even during the “good season”, the plateau suffered from extreme temperatures during day and during night = freezing cold night and suffocating day heat with no humidity at all. And as mentioned before, there were violent gushes of wind. So even if it wasn’t winter, anons shouldn’t underestimate the harshness of the Armenian weather.

2C- The third disadvantage was the Armenian fauna; by that I mean the wild life. The Armenian plateau was the home of a varied and huge collection of wild life animals; from: bears, ducks, tigers, foxes, boars, owls, Lynx and other mountain cats, deer, eagles and wolves. There were also many poisonous types of snakes, scorpions and other little creepy creatures crawling everywhere. This is why the plateau was renowned for centuries as being a hunting destination for all royals from Mesopotamia and Persia. And this also explains the abundance of animal skins and furs for them to use in trade. Up till this day, Armenia has a skin/fur market.

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37efbd  No.9208109

File: df71777ea14b172⋯.jpg (50.98 KB, 490x600, 49:60, Many_types_of_Amphorae.jpg)

File: 5f58572aec6207c⋯.jpg (98.36 KB, 576x395, 576:395, large_amphora_luggage_stor….jpg)

File: 2ea5ed7a51eb781⋯.jpg (283.73 KB, 1200x1200, 1:1, Ancient_wine_containers.jpg)

File: be693fc59cc8487⋯.jpg (65.7 KB, 512x341, 512:341, Armenian_flora.jpg)

File: 26edf5af50a41be⋯.jpg (1.02 MB, 1280x960, 4:3, Forgotten_in_the_Armenian_….jpg)

>>9208086

(Please read from the start)

2D – The forth disadvantage is actually the flora; back then, Armenia was covered in many, many forests = home of the wild animals. Anons should know that a caravan walking through a forest infested with wild animals and camp there at night is not a very smart thing to do, mostly if you are transporting a big number of livestock, like the foals. Not to forget the potential risk of wild fires in the warm season.

2E – The fifth disadvantage was the “type” of merchandise itself. Well, it’s easy to transport the animal skins, all you have to do is to stack them one on top of the other on the back of a mule or horse and that would be it. The problem lies with the foals and the wine.

Horses, mostly foals, are not as easy to transport as anons think. Even the most trained horse can easily be frightened by lightning or by the howling of wolves, so imagine how young horses like the foals would react. Now just reread all the disadvantages I’ve just stated above and try to imagine a caravan of a 100 horses going through BY FOOT, a dense forest, or walking a very long distance under the extreme swinging temperatures, the territory traveled is infested with all sorts of wild animals and there are all kinds of unexpected “surprises” like earthquakes and terrain slides. And then ask yourself, how many of those 100 horses will survive and arrive to their final destination either if it was Persia or the East coast of the Med Sea. I say very few. Remember what Strabo said? He said the Armenians used to pay a tribute of 20 000 foals to the Persians….. So imagine transporting THAT HUGE NUMBER of foals in such disadvantages, not forgetting that foals are more susceptible to perish under these “natural” disadvantages than adult horses.

Same problem encountered with the Armenian wine. Back then to transport wine for trade, they used CLAY amphorae. When I say Amphora I don’t mean the small type like the one we saw on the relief in Apadana of the Armenian delegation. There are many, many shapes and sizes of Amphora, but the ones used to transport wine, oil and grain were big…. I mean big enough to be able to carry a rather big quantity of the product, but small enough for people to be able to lift them as well. It’s very easy to install one amphora on each side of horse or mule but we come back again to the “natural” disadvantages scaring the animal, making it panic and run, which could end up with the CLAY amphora being broken and/or the wine stirred. How many amphorae will make it to destination without breaking it or spoiling the wine? I’m not a wine expert, but I’ve heard wine shouldn’t be stirred much. Anyone in the domain would like to comment about this and enlighten me a bit more about wine?

So you see anons, travel by land is doable, but it has many, many disadvantages. This option, way of travel, made me wince. I was not comfortable with it. Too many holes to plug, sort of speak = risk factor is way too high. And we shouldn’t forget the travelers and traders had a narrow time window to travel within, so they had to “get out” and then “get in” as fast as possible. Travel by land takes too much time and had too many hurdles to tackle.

- Page 12-

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37efbd  No.9208122

File: d5a6b23dbcc409e⋯.gif (87.31 KB, 572x378, 286:189, Pontic_Mountain_range_Copy.gif)

File: 40dbe38140a6627⋯.jpg (71.15 KB, 960x540, 16:9, Tigris_River_Ferry_Sink.jpg)

>>9208109

(Please read from the start)

I still have to check the third way of travel = Water.

3- This method of travel can be divided into 2 subgroups as well:

3A- Travel by sea was not possible from the Armenian plateau since it had no direct access to any sea. Some may argue that they could have traveled to the shores of the Black Sea and then taken sail from there, passed the Bosporus & Dardanelles straits, go through the Aegean Sea then head straight to the East Coast of the Med Sea. Well, that is doable, it’s possible, but the travelers must pass the Pontic mountain range first in order to reach the shores of the Black Sea….Here again, we face the same disadvantages I mentioned when I talked about travel by Land. So this also made me wince.

3B- The remaining way of travel to check upon is FLUVIAL. Armenia has many rivers, the most famous 3 are the Araxes, the Tigris and the Euphrates. The Araxes is not going in the direction of the East Coast of the Med Sea (=westward); as a matter of fact, it’s flowing in the opposite direction (= eastward). This one was quickly eliminated.

The Tigris River is not practical for downstream navigation because of its tumultuous “course” and mostly the violence of its current. From the beginning of times all the way up to our modern times, the Tigris is famous for the speed of its current, making it very difficult to steer boats. Thus it’s gotten its name (as some believe) from the Medes, meaning = ARROW. We got to add to it the risk of drowning = the violent current easily drags away anyone or anything – even in modern day times. I believe anons should remember this disaster from last year.

https://www.trtworld.com/middle-east/iraq-declares-national-mourning-after-94-die-in-ferry-sinking-25157

My condolences.

So it’s not “practical”, nor “safe” to transport horses or wine amphorae in such tumultuous waters. The risk factor is high, even if you are a tough guy whom can handle the navigation on the Tigris River.

This leaves me with the Euphrates; which was a navigable river, as attested in many old and modern sources. It is important to note that the Euphrates River, just like its companion the Tigris River, has its sources located in the Armenian plateau – the main tributary is located at west base of Mount Ararat (= the Murat Su), which is later on joined by a second tributary (= the Kara Su) in the vicinity of Erzurum.

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37efbd  No.9208140

File: a9b8f09265567fb⋯.jpg (117.32 KB, 500x434, 250:217, Euphrates_Map_1.jpg)

File: fe12d5428821da9⋯.jpg (118.1 KB, 500x434, 250:217, Euphrates_Map_2.jpg)

File: ebd17ee29500b0b⋯.png (181.67 KB, 800x480, 5:3, Transasia_trade_routes.png)

File: d1e7e25016cea86⋯.jpg (117.72 KB, 500x434, 250:217, Euphrates_Map_3.jpg)

>>9208122

(Please read from the start)

Upon studying the map and the path of the Euphrates, I found 2 possible routes that can lead the travelers from the River to the East coast of the Med Sea. But I also found out 2 other routes that lead to some interesting places. I will be talking about all 4 of them right now:

A – Routes from the Euphrates leading to the East Coast of the Med Sea:

1 - When we look at any map, we can see the Euphrates making an “elbow” shape turn just after entering Syria, on the latitude of Aleppo. This is the closest that any traveler from the Plateau can get to the coast via the Euphrates. It’s so close to Aleppo that any traveler, including trade caravans can reach the city easily. Anons shouldn’t forget that Aleppo is one of the oldest cities in the world and a trade center as old as the city. Once the Armenian traders reached Aleppo, it’s so easy to reach the East Coast of the Med Sea and go all the way down to every port on the coastline. See Euphrates Map 1.

2 - If the travelers choose to continue their journey downstream river, they can reach the latitude of Bagdad, which was close to the ancient “Silk Road” = the famous caravan road that came all the way from China & India, to sell their goods to the East Coast of the Med Sea. Once in Bagdad, it won’t be much of a hassle for the Armenian traders to join the caravans departing from Bagdad to Damascus (or any other city) and from Damascus to any port city-state. See Euphrates Map 2.

Before I move onto the next point, I want to make a couple of things clear.

First, I randomly choose Bagdad and Damascus in my example just now. The Silk Road itinerary did change during history; Bagdad and Damascus are the closes to the middle line between the maximum northern itinerary and the maximum southern itinerary….They are more or less like the middle line, that’s why I picked them up for my example. If anons want to dig about it, this is one heck of a tunnel to dive into.

Secondly, depending on the era, the Silk Road was considered more or less a “secured” road to travel on. The disadvantages I’ve talked about previously can be reduced to 4 : the extreme temperatures, mostly the difference between the day and night. The sand storm which did occur from time to time. The poisonous animals, from snakes to scorpions. And lastly, occasional thieves. But this “Silk Road” was a big source of revenue or a big profit maker for the rulers of the land, no matter how the border lines changed. So most of the time, there were posts or famous camping sites near wells or oasis to station/shelter at during a sand storm; or simply take a rest and replenish water supplies. As for the thieves, since this was lucrative to the rulers (most of the time), they thought of sending troops to patrol the area where the caravans crossed. Not all did that, but some did. Besides, the traders in such caravans were veterans and tough men in order to travel all of this distance and withstand natural and human dangers. They were well equipped.

B - Routes that lead to some interesting places:

Even though this was not included as my research goal, I couldn’t help but look a bit into it back then because of what they represent:

1 – Instead of going westward after reaching Bagdad, the travelers could have turned eastwards and headed straight into Persia. At least, now I know how those 20 000 foals, mentioned by Strabo got there for the Mithra Festival. And, back then, I didn’t check if there were any other itineraries heading out from the Armenian plateau towards Persia (maybe via the Caspian sea) since it was not my research objective; but it’s worth looking at for those who are interested in this type of research. See Euphrates Map 3.

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37efbd  No.9208171

File: fe178edaa703746⋯.jpg (118.68 KB, 500x434, 250:217, Euphrates_Map_4.jpg)

File: f85397f82896595⋯.jpg (41.56 KB, 608x608, 1:1, Kuphar.jpg)

File: c0d2464c5d3ddfe⋯.jpg (314.28 KB, 703x955, 703:955, Kuphar_2.jpg)

File: d1e13d5805538a7⋯.jpg (51.34 KB, 400x539, 400:539, Building_a_quffa_on_the_Ti….jpg)

>>9208140

(Please read from the start)

2 – There is also this forth itinerary that caught my attention and interest: the Armenian caravan could have easily gone south, south-east and reached… when I realized WHERE IT REACHED. I thought to myself: “could it be? Is it possible?” I wonder if those of you whom are veterans in history and those who have dug in the alternative history realized just now what I have realized back then? Take note of this anons, I will get back to this point soon. See Euphrates Map 4.

Each reader has his own opinion, but for me, everything is pointing that the Armenian traders which came down from the plateau via the Euphrates must have taken, most probably, the first itinerary to reach the coastline the fastest way – See Euphrates Map 1 – and make it back to the Armenian Highlands fast, before winter settled in. After determining the 2 itineraries from the Euphrates to the East Coast of the Med Sea (Euphrates Maps 1 & 2), all I had to research is the type of vessel (boats in our case here) used to navigate on the Euphrates from the Armenian plateau.

My initial thoughts were that I would find something like a raft, big and strong enough to carry the weight of the travelers and the merchandise without capsizing. But I ran into something totally different.

I found what I was looking for in something called Kuphar, Quffa or Guffa. Plenty of photographic evidence.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuphar

“A kuphar (also transliterated kufa, kuffah, quffa, quffah, etc.[1]) is a type of coracle or round boat traditionally used on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in ancient and modern Mesopotamia. Its circular shape means that it does not sail well against the current, as it tends to spin, but makes it safe, sturdy and easy to construct. A kuphar is propelled by rowing or poling.”

“The word "kuphar" is derived from the Arabic word quffa (), meaning a basket woven from reeds and leaves. The boat visually resembles a basket and is used for a similar purpose: transporting fruits, vegetables, and other goods.[4] The Arabic word in turn originated from the Akkadian word quppu, meaning basket.”

>> Notice Akkadian.

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37efbd  No.9208182

File: c61ee019c377366⋯.jpg (17.14 KB, 424x235, 424:235, Traditional_kuphar_boats.jpg)

File: 07e7c03d7f20e84⋯.jpg (78.54 KB, 853x635, 853:635, 1210c3b3586f21cf6415dc5757….jpg)

>>9208171

(Please read from the start)

“Reliefs depicting kuphars have been found in Assyrian ruins dating to the reigns of Kings Ashurnasirpal II (883 to 859 BCE), Sennacherib (705 to 681 BCE), and Ashurbanipal (668 to 627 BCE), who reigned during the 9th, 8th, and 7th centuries BCE, respectively.[2]:130 A translation of a tablet found by an amateur historian places the kuphar's origin even further in the past, in the Old Babylonian period (c.1830–1531 BCE), although this translation is disputed.[5]

But that which surprises me most in the land, after the city itself, I will now proceed to mention. The boats which come down the river to Babylon are circular, and made of skins. The frames, which are of willow, are cut in the country of the Armenians above Assyria, and on these, which serve for hulls, a covering of skins is stretched outside, and thus the boats are made, without either stem or stern, quite round like a shield. They are then entirely filled with straw, and their cargo is put on board, after which they are suffered to float down the stream. Their chief freight is wine, stored in casks made of the wood of the palm-tree. They are managed by two men who stand upright in them, each plying an oar, one pulling and the other pushing. The boats are of various sizes, some larger, some smaller; the biggest reach as high as five thousand talents' burthen. Each vessel has a live ass on board; those of larger size have more than one. When they reach Babylon, the cargo is landed and offered for sale; after which the men break up their boats, sell the straw and the frames, and loading their asses with the skins, set off on their way back to Armenia. The current is too strong to allow a boat to return upstream, for which reason they make their boats of skins rather than wood. On their return to Armenia they build fresh boats for the next voyage.

— Herodotus

Five thousand Greek talents would be 143 tons (130 tonnes). This is likely an exaggeration, although carvings of large kuphars carrying cut stones have been found in Assyrian ruins. These large kuphars were propelled by four rowers and relied partially on inflated hide sacks attached port and starboard to stay afloat.[7] More reliable and recent analyses have determined that the largest ancient kuphar measured 18 feet (5.5 m) in diameter and could transport up to 16 tons.[8]:86

There were two major forms of construction used — hides stretched over a framework, as described by Herodotus, and woven bundles of reeds or basketry, waterproofed with bitumen. Boats of this sort were still used in modern times, being described by British ethnographer James Hornell in The Coracles of the Tigris and Euphrates (1938).”

“A Babylonian cuneiform tablet on display at the British Museum suggests that Noah's Ark may have been a large kuphar.[10] This tablet was translated by professor Irving Finkel and found to contain an ancient flood narrative that may have inspired the story of Noah's Ark.[11] Following his translation, professor Finkel organized the construction of a large vessel of this kind, though he claimed that his 35 tonne ship was a scaled-down version of the full-sized ark.[12] Finkel attempted to launch his "ark" in Kerala, India, in 2014, but was unsuccessful. He attributed the failed launch of his double-decker vessel to the low quality of bitumen available in the area.[13][12]

The tablet describes the flood myth of Atrahasis, a Babylonian hero who built an ark to shelter life from a flood of a divine origin that is thought to have started as a river flood.[12] This ark was, according to the legend described on the tablet, a large kuphar, with either one or two decks, and a total deck area of 14,400 cubits2 (3600 m2). Noah's Ark is traditionally described as having a similar deck plan and a nearly identical deck area of 15,000 cubits2 (a difference of 4%). This has led Finkel to conclude that "the iconic story of the Flood, Noah, and the Ark as we know it today certainly originated in the landscape of ancient Mesopotamia, modern Iraq."[14][12]

Some evidence has been found of Neo-Assyrian legends depicting infants being cast adrift in kuphars on the river, similar to how baby Moses was cast adrift in a basket in the Book of Exodus.[15] This has led some scholars to conclude that the basket that Moses was set adrift in on the Nile may have in fact been a kuphar.”

- Page 16 –

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37efbd  No.9208198

>>9208182

(Please read from the start)

“Kuphars remained in widespread use as water taxis, lighters, fishing boats, and ferries in early 20th century Iraq, especially around Baghdad. These vessels are typically 4.5–10 feet (1.4–3 meters) wide at the opening and have drafts of 2.5–4 feet (0.8–1.2 meters) and freeboards of 6–8 inches (15–20 cm) fully loaded. They typically transport four to five people although they can carry up to 20. Larger kuphars can transport four to five tons, equivalent to three horses, several people, and other assorted cargo.[2]:132 The largest one measured in the 20th century had an opening 16.4 feet (5.0 m) in diameter, although due to the tumblehome nature of the kuphar's hull, its diameter overall was 18 feet (5.5 m).”

“Kuphar use declined following the development of the automobile and the widespread construction of roads and bridges across modern Iraq. However, they could still be seen around Iraq until the 1970s.[2]:130 Modern kuphars are made of woven bundles of reeds waterproofed with bitumen, as in ancient times.[3] James Hornell described them thus:[3]:153

…the craft likened in form to the Tibetan food-bowl—perfectly circular in plan, nearly flat bottomed, and with convexly curved sides that tumble-home to join the stout cylindrical gunwale bounding the mouth, which is several inches less in diameter than the width at mid height. In construction a quffa is just a huge lidless basket, strengthened within by innumerable ribs radiating from around the centre of the floor. The type of basketry employed is of that widely distributed kind termed coiled basketry.

— James Hornell

Tennyson referenced the boats in his 1827 poem Persia,

On fair Diarbeck's land of spice,

Adiabene's plains of rice,

Where down th' Euphrates, swift and strong,

The shield-like kuphars bound along;

— Alfred, Lord Tennyson”

“The kuphar's similarity to other circular boats has been noted by many authors.[8][16] This is not a coincidence: Hornell, Marie-Christine De Graeve, and other ethnographers and anthropologists believe that the kuphar is the common ancestor of the coracles that are widely used across Eurasia, particularly in the British Isles and South and Southeast Asia.[2][8]:85-9 However, the similar Irish currach was independently developed by the ancient Celts.”

Well anons, this time around, I’m going to fire multiple canons into what Wikipedia wrote about the Kuphar. I didn’t write that long introduction to anons explaining what is Archaeology and what Archeologists do out for nothing. I did it for such moments and to show anons how (((THEY))) twist and change history in order to HIDE a secret; an ancient SECRET.

- Page 17 –

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37efbd  No.9208209

File: 0963f9c5e9f0c40⋯.jpg (161.19 KB, 1500x1494, 250:249, Matryoshka_doll.jpg)

>>9208198

(Please read from the start)

Next I’m going to dismantle what the MAIN STREAM HISTORY has written about it and show anons how (((THEY))) twisted history in order to hide a SECRET. Recently, this secret, lead me to another secret, a big secret, which in turn, lead me to a bigger secret, so on, and then I ended up with the biggest secret.

Do anons know the Matryoshka doll? Well, this turned out to be one, but in reverse, instead of going from the big doll to the smallest one, I started with the smallest to end up with the biggest. Anons will understand me more as I go down this rabbit hole.

The wikipedia page about the Kuphar is a field covered with land mines. (((They))) don’t want us to cross this field and find out what’s on the other side of it. So let me tackle this by starting to say that any boat, no matter what it’s shaped, won’t sail WELL if it didn’t have any oars or at least a rudder. This is the first misleading piece of info in this wikipedia page.

After examining old and new photos and footages of the Euphrates River’s current, it’s clear that all the Kuphar users needed were long oars, just like what we see in the photographic evidence that we have from early XXth century A.D. The current of the Euphrates River takes the Kuphar downstream “naturally”, so all the travelers had to do is to let themselves be carried away by the current. No need of any type of propeller. They simply needed oars long enough to push the Kuphar away from a boulder or the edges of the river = using the oars as batons, to avoid collision. Or if they needed to reach the shores of the river, then they would “row” their way there, going sideways. So no, the Armenian traders didn’t row themselves all of the way from the Armenian plateau down to Mesopotamia like what is insinuated in Wikipedia. It was more or less like an effortless, smooth ride than an exhausting one with loads of physical labor.

Another landmine: Again, I would like anons to take note of the AKKADIAN origin of the word Kuphar. It’s also important to note this “basket” image projected in wikipedia, making it sound like it’s not strong enough to carry much weight. Well, anons, just take a look at the pictures from early XXth century; then tell me, how much do these men in the Kuphar weight according to you? Isn’t the load heavy? So even if this Kuphar is like a “basket” it’s solid enough to keep afloat with the weight of so many men and sail them safely. In other words, if this Kuphar could carry so many men, in one go, it could also carry a couple of traders with a couple of mules and wine amphorae or foals.

So far, (((they))) don’t want us to know that the Kuphar is safe to navigate down the Euphrates and (((they))) don’t want us to know it can carry weight despite the fact it’s made of light material.

- Page 18 –

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37efbd  No.9208218

File: 260dd327ca18ba4⋯.png (432.13 KB, 850x763, 850:763, White_Painted_ware_model_o….png)

File: 9bcf882d3a67b60⋯.jpg (78.46 KB, 800x232, 100:29, Assyrian_Bas_relief.jpg)

File: 9ea40697d252f89⋯.jpg (161.42 KB, 520x312, 5:3, baghdad_boat_tablet_7thc_b….jpg)

File: 7b6b0114ab545d1⋯.jpg (189.27 KB, 1000x677, 1000:677, Assyrian_army_soldiers_fer….jpg)

>>9208209

(Please read from the start)

Next is the historical part about the Kuphar: they said the Kuphar was used during the Assyrian & even Babylonian period, but this is disputed. It is not disputed. (((They))) only want you to think it’s disputed. It turned out to be much much older than this. Remember what I keep on saying about the text matching the archeological artifact and not the other way around? Well anons, there is this CLAY WARE in the Louvre Museum, from Cyprus, and dating back from around 2300-2000 BC. Not my words anons, just take a look at this:

https://www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notices/model-boat-figures

What do you think anons? Is this a Kuphar or not? Sorry, I don’t believe the “disputed text” but I do believe what my eyes see and tell me this is a Kuphar we have and it goes all the way back to the Bronze Age. Anons, please do take notice of the details, the” woven basket” like design but mostly the shape of the heads of the passengers = ALL 8 of them. How they sat on the periphery of the Kuphar. This is very very interesting, because it made me think that the travelers could put the merchandise in the middle of the boat = the center of the circle and they, the travelers, could sit on the periphery and use the oars if they are about to collide with the edge of the river. This is where I’ve started to believe that the circular shape of the Kuphar was intentional, it was an advantage, not a handicap like what (((they))) want us to believe in this Wikipedia page.

Well anons, I also landed on Herodotus, specifically this passage mentioned in Wikipedia. Did anyone notice Herodotus just confirmed that the Kuphar was used by ancient Armenians to come down from the plateau to Mesopotamia to sell their merchandise? If they reached Mesopotamia using the Kuphar to navigate the Euphrates, then they could also use it to reach the latitude of Aleppo and then go by land to the Coast using those mules, ass or jackasses mentioned. Yes, it’s very doable and most importantly, it’s less time consuming. The river makes them win time by shortening the traveling distance and the water current is like a natural propeller making it faster than walking on foot. Being on a Kuphar is less tiresome than walking and it keeps the merchandise steady and safe from all the disadvantages I’ve mentioned before, mostly the wild animals. If you think about it, they truly don’t need to camp on the river banks at all, just take turns in sleeping and navigating while staying on the Kuphar. I don’t know exactly how long it takes, but everything is pointing out that the travelers can reach Mesopotamia in a few days via the Kuphar, instead of weeks via walking themselves there.

Herodotus did provide us with further details about the materials the Kuphar was constructed with and how the travelers returned = this time by land via donkeys. So in other words, they went down via the Kuphar from the plateau and returned there using donkeys because the Euphrates current is a one way flow. And very interestingly Herodotus mentions there are different sizes of Kuphar used. Well that makes sense: if one is selling only animals skins, they don’t need a big Kuphar to come down from the plateau with the merchandise.

Then, in the Wikipedia article, they try to cast shade on Herodotus words by saying he exaggerated with the weight a Kuphar can carry. Well, maybe, maybe not. But you see, what they said next in Wikiepdia is true: when they mentioned that there are some Assyrian bas reliefs. Just take a look for yourselves anons. What do your eyes see in those boats? Aren’t these cut stones stacked inside a Kuphar? I personally don’t care how much weight the Kuphar can carry, as long as it can carry it. If it’s 9 tones or 20 tones it doesn’t make a difference for me, as long as it can carry big weights it means it can carry the wine amphorae and the foals. So you see anons, here again, the text (of Herodotus) matches the archeological findings.

- Page 19 –

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37efbd  No.9208228

File: 148b7ecec72da40⋯.jpg (199.11 KB, 1279x660, 1279:660, Natural_Bitumen.jpg)

>>9208218

(Please read from the start)

Another detail given by Herodotus which turned out to be factual is the use of Bitumen or simply Asphalt to coat the Kuphar with. Don’t forget anons, Armenia is a volcanic Plateau, there are plenty of Asphalt there. The natural bitumen I’m putting the picture of is found in big quantities in even modern day Armenia. When I went there, I asked my guide to show me some and he did. We simply drove to the place and we parked on the side of the road, got out of the car, walked a couple of meters and I started seeing those black bitumen rocks scatted everywhere like black gem stones. The place was covered with them.

You see anons, Herodotus text from “The Histories” (I) does match not just the archeological artifacts but also geological facts about Armenia = the Bitumen. Apart the probably weight exaggeration (it’s possible), I say most of what he reported is accurate. I personally trust 90 % of what he wrote about the Kuphar.

So for me, I’m very convinced that the Armenian traders used the Kuphar to transport their merchandise down the Euphrates River and then followed the road from Aleppo latitude to reach the East coast of the Med Sea. See Euphrates River Map 1.

I know there might be some anons out there reading this whom are still not convinced by the use of the Kuphar by the Armenians to come down from the plateau. Well, this is easily solved by a suggestion of mine: LET’S DO IT = in archeology the best way to clear an uncertain point is to redo the experiment ourselves. I’ve said many times that archeologists are exactly like forensic scientists and this is so true. When we reach a point in our research where we need more “clarity” and we are not certain of the results a 100%, we actually do the experiment ourselves – just like what you see in the TV series called S.C.I. In this specific case, we should rebuilt a Kuphar ourselves just like mentioned by Herodotus, then put wine amphorae in it and navigate down from the plateau on the Euphrates. It’s going to need patronage but it’s an experiment that can be done. So what the results are going to turn out to be anons? I don’t doubt it myself, for me it’s clear. It’s not going to be hard to prove this by doing the experiment.

Now the next part of the Kuphar in Wikipedia – Biblical significance – when they mention Professor Irving Finkel. This professor’s work on the supposed Babylonian tablet was not around when I was conducting my own research decades ago. So when I recently learned about him I decided to go check him out and his tablet.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irving_Finkel

“Dr Irving Leonard Finkel (born 1951) is a British philologist and Assyriologist. He is currently the Assistant Keeper of Ancient Mesopotamian script, languages and cultures in the Department of the Middle East in the British Museum, where he specialises in cuneiform inscriptions on tablets of clay from ancient Mesopotamia.”

>> Incredible pedigree at first sight, but then many red flags starts pop all over. Here are a few of them:

“Finkel was born in 1951.[2] He earned a PhD in Assyriology from the University of Birmingham under the supervision of Wilfred G. Lambert with a dissertation on Babylonian exorcistic spells against demons.”

>> Incredible how it’s always the “exorcistic spells against demons” that attract scientists with high pedigree like this professor.

- Page 20 –

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37efbd  No.9208238

File: cedf51dc1e5bb44⋯.jpg (75.43 KB, 1024x619, 1024:619, Britain_Ancient_Ark_Irving….jpg)

File: 8e845517cf6ba15⋯.jpg (80 KB, 634x423, 634:423, Scaled_down_replica_build_….jpg)

>>9208228

(Please read from the start)

“In 2014, Finkel's study of a cuneiform tablet that contained a Flood narrative similar to that of the story of Noah's Ark, described in his book The Ark Before Noah, was widely reported in the news media.[5][6] The ark described in the tablet was circular, essentially a very large coracle or kuphar and made of rope on a wooden frame. The tablet included sufficient details of its dimensions and construction to enable a copy of the ark to be made at about 1/3 scale and successfully floated, as documented in a 2014 TV documentary Secrets of Noah's Ark that aired as an episode of PBS's NOVA series.[7]

Finkel is an Honorary Member of the Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity of the University of Birmingham and a Council Member of the Anglo-Israel Archaeology Society.”

>> I’m NOT so sure about his findings, or about that “incredible” cuneiform tablet of his. It’s too “clean” anons, way too “clean”, mostly that crack. And of course, he gotta be a member of the Anglo ISRAEL archeology society. Why is this important? Well, maybe because they are part of the mafia archeologists group that falsifies artifacts and plant them in digging sites (mostly in Israel) as one big con job. Yeah, I know their methods very well.

“Among his breakthrough works is the determination of the rules of the Royal Game of Ur.”

>> UR!!!…..Incredible!….Isn’t that where Abraham came from?

“Finkel founded the Great Diary Project, a project to preserve the diaries of ordinary people. In association with the Bishopsgate Institute, Finkel has helped to archive over 2,000 personal diaries. In 2014, the V&A Museum of Childhood held an exhibition of the diaries of children written between 1813 and 1996.”

“Finkel has written a number of works of fiction for children.”

>> I found his hobby of writing children’s book very odd. I’m an archeologist as well, if I wanted to write a book, children’s books are the last category of books I would be thinking of writing.

“Finkel was raised as an Orthodox Jew but became an atheist as a teenager.”

>> I don’t think I need to comment on this part, do I anons?

Anons, for me, just by looking at him and his tablet, this supposed professor is nothing but a paid fraud here to muddy the waters. All the attention his work got, just to prove that the Ark was circular, like a giant Kuphar… Someone was backing him up. And like what I just said, this professor is a plant put in place to muddy the water and try to DISTORT history. They are trying to manipulate us AGAIN by trying to convince us with fake evidences that Noah’s ark was circular in form and NOT elongated. And Qteam proved him wrong, not me. Anons will understand me better when I get to that part. Just be patient with me a bit longer till I finish with this, I don’t want to leave any loose ends before I get to other parts.

Anons can read all they want about Irving Finkel online, plenty of articles and publicity about him and his precious tablet, which got displayed at the British Museum apparently.

- Page 21 –

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37efbd  No.9208251

File: 81c0f24854e5260⋯.jpg (181.35 KB, 1008x812, 36:29, Coracle_men.jpg)

File: eb00daa078a8b21⋯.jpg (190.64 KB, 1040x1040, 1:1, Britain_afloat_coracles.jpg)

File: c99afe7602eeeb2⋯.jpg (221.92 KB, 1506x1173, 502:391, Coracles_on_World_Map.jpg)

>>9208238

(Please read from the start)

And of course the last part of the Biblical significance part of the Kuphar in Wikipedia hints to Moses and the basket he was found it. Incredible how (((they))) like to use one’s faith to get them believe whatever (((they))) write. There is no evidence of any type suggesting Moses’ basket was a small kuphar, nor any type of evidence suggesting it wasn’t. So to bring this issue up and rub it in our faces this way; makes me wonder what (((their))) aim is in all of this.

In the last section of Kuphar in Wikipedia, the coracles are mentioned as being a post-form of its ancestor the Kuphar. So before moving on, I would like to check the Coracle.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coracle

“The coracle is a small, rounded,[1] lightweight boat of the sort traditionally used in Wales, and also in parts of the West Country and in Ireland, particularly the River Boyne,[2] and in Scotland, particularly the River Spey. The word is also used of similar boats found in India, Vietnam, Iraq and Tibet.[3] The word "coracle" is an English spelling of the original Welsh cwrwgl, cognate with Irish and Scottish Gaelic currach, and is recorded in English text as early as the sixteenth century. Other historical English spellings include corougle, corracle, curricle and coricle.”

This is an interesting reading as well, and of course, Professor Irving Finkel is right in the middle of the theory of Noah’s ark was a huge coracle, thanks to his incredible gift of deciphering that amazing cuneiform tablet. Sorry if I sound sarcastic a bit in here anons. You will understand me in the next segment.

Before I head there, I want to point out there I noticed how many articles and research there is out there about the Coracle, and most “sound fun”. Which got me scratching my head: if you compare the “tone” in the coracle articles to that of the Kuphar articles. It’s like they are insinuating the first one is cool while the second is uncool; as if they want to divert our attention from the Kuphar to the Coracle.

I’ve found some articles just for those who like to read as a sport but what caught my attention is the British at the turn of the century, they were quite fond of the coracle. Here again, just like in the inscription of Behistun, I had this feeling of cabal finding the same stuff that I have, but a century or so before I did.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/23Fbd5ybr2CFG9BWYYZ7MZh/coracles-the-surprising-history-of-britain-s-strangest-boat

https://www.nature.com/articles/143224c0

I’m just putting these up as samples, there are plenty like them. What is important is the notion of those “basket boats” existing, for me the details and the up and downs don’t interest me that much at this point of the research. I’ve also tried to locate/pin on a World Map where we found coracles/Kuphar. I anons found more location, please feel free to add them to the map and share it with us.

- Page 22 –

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37efbd  No.9208283

File: 51522cb6d39551a⋯.jpg (128.9 KB, 720x647, 720:647, Jacques_de_Morgan.jpg)

File: 7e4c76f4f40a5dd⋯.jpg (72.27 KB, 649x773, 649:773, jacques_de_morgan_.jpg)

>>9208251

(Please read from the start)

Back then, I didn’t have internet info/access as I do right now, so I did everything manually and I had to read everything from books and look for the photographs and maps from the archives, magazines and papers. Most of the modern day books I’ve read back then all referred to one specific book called: “Histoire du peuple Arménien”; written by Jacques De Morgan. Did the Last Name ring a bell for anons? You hit the bull’s-eye if you think he is from the Morgan bloodline family, because he is.

READ CAREFULLY PLEASE.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_de_Morgan

“Jean-Jacques de Morgan (3 June 1857, Huisseau-sur-Cosson, Loir-et-Cher – 14 June 1924) [1] was a French mining engineer,[2] geologist, and archaeologist. He was the director of antiquities in Egypt during the 19th century,[3] and excavated in Memphis and Dashur, providing many drawings of many Egyptian pyramids. He also worked at Stonehenge, and Persepolis, and many other sites.

He also went to Russian Armenia, as manager of a copper mine at Akhtala. "The Caucasus is of special interest in the study of the origins of metals; it is the easternmost point from which prehistoric remains are known; older than Europe and Greece, it still retains the traces of those civilizations that were the cradle of our own."

In 1887-89 he unearthed 576 graves around Alaverdi and Akhatala, near the Tiflis-Alexandropol railway line.”

“His father Eugène, also called "Baron" de Morgan, was an engineer in mineral findings. His interests were in entomology and prehistory. He named his two sons, Henry and Jacques. His sons later got into fieldwork, excavating the Campigny faults near Rouen with him, which had lent its name to the first phase of the European Neolithic. With his father Jacques became acquainted with Gabriel de Mortillet, who was connected with the museum of national antiquities in Saint-Germain during investigations of Merovingian cemeteries, and who showed him how to catalogue excavated objects. De Morgan's goal was to be a professional geologist like his father, and his personal lifestyle had given him a way to travel and study since his early youth. In 1879 he started to publish the results of his research, illustrated with drawings that were notable for their finesse and documentary precision.”

“De Morgan travelled to Susiana as he attempted to retrace the routes of the Assyrian campaigns in Elam. He arrived in Susa, former capital of Elam, which had been explored six years previously by an expedition led by Marcel Dieulafoy. As he explored the ruins outside the small village of Shush, his curiosity was aroused by the high mound known as "the Citadel", at the foot of which he recovered some flints and old potsherds.

These finds led him to reopen excavations at the site. In Tehran he confided his plans to the French minister, René de Balloy, who was eager to obtain a monopoly for France of archaeological research in Persia. It took time, however, before these efforts, under de Morgan's guidance, were successful. In the meantime he published his Mission scientifique en Perse, with four volumes of geological studies; two volumes of archaeological studies on tombs and other monuments that were still seen; one volume dedicated to Kurdish dialects and the languages of northern Persia; one volume of Mandaean texts; and two volumes of geographical studies.

“ The excavations at Susa were headed by Jacques de Morgan in 1897 and carried on by others until the outbreak of World War I. Among their many discoveries are eight perforated plaques, three of them whole or nearly whole, and the rest fragmentary.[9]

The most important find, however, was the famous Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, brought to Susa as war booty by the Elamite king Shutruk-Nahhunte.”

- Page 23 –

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37efbd  No.9208298

File: 8cf8d00b0ea3528⋯.jpg (11.08 KB, 260x346, 130:173, Histoire_du_peuple_arm_nie….jpg)

File: ec275c4247207d5⋯.jpg (128.86 KB, 600x400, 3:2, euphrates_river_near_elazi….jpg)

File: e3432107614f7e9⋯.jpg (195.03 KB, 1000x665, 200:133, keban_dam_turkey.jpg)

File: 0cb2bed5c5d67d8⋯.jpg (354 KB, 1300x1179, 1300:1179, canyon_of_euphrates_river_….jpg)

>>9208283

(Please read from the start)

Anons, just look at the places he went to and where he worked =The pyramids, Elam, Persia, Armenia and the cherry on top of the cake was Stonehenge. He was on a mission, he was searching for something, and I believe he found it. He got the answers he was looking for. Really ? And I’m curious to know if he was also prospecting for oil in the Middle East. When was Standard oil established again? What are the odds of cabal Middle Eastern plans being put in place back then? And this Jacques bloodline guy had a double mission: not just archeological discoveries for cabal, but he is most probably providing them with geological data of the region, mostly where the oil is.

His book about the history of the Armenian people is to be read with extreme caution. In the first chapter of this book of his, he totally dismissed in a couple of lines the navigation on Euphrates while flowing in the Armenian Highlands. His excuse was that the current was too rough, there are a lot of boulders and there are waterfalls, mostly when you enter Syria. So according to him, the only navigation possible is from a place from the latitude of Aleppo all the way down to the South-East. Hearing of waterfalls, I thought at first he was talking about something like the Niagara’s falls, but most turned out to be small falls, the type of falls similar of what we have on the Nile = the cataracts. If ancient Egyptians could navigate through the Nile’s cataracts, it means navigation can also be done on the Euphrates River. And on top of everything, even though he cites Herodotus and the Anabasis, De Morgan only picks up the passages from these texts that suit him, dismissing the information I’ve mentioned before. No mention of any archeological artifact and no mention how the Armenian merchandise reached the shores of the Med Sea. In the first chapter, he is supposedly going through Armenia’s geography, but it’s just scrambled eggs for the reader. He jumps from one historical period to another in such a way that the reader can get easily confused; going from the Elamites, to the Crusades, to the Assyrians, to the Romans, to the Ottomans, to the Medes etc. Mixing the names of everything and everyone of all the periods in one big pot. This is geography we are talking about, honest physical geography, not a novel. So why scramble everything and confuse the reader?

Anons, I don’t believe the so called waterfalls are something that stopped the travelers from the plateau from navigating on the Euphrates while it was still on the Armenian Highland. If there was a waterfall, the travelers would just disembark, cross that section on foot, and then embark again, going downstream. Even by doing this, they still traveled safer and faster via the Kuphar than by foot. If it was done on the Nile, it could have been done on the Euphrates as well. Modern day technology helped me take a look at the Euphrates River as it flows on the highland (taking in consideration the recent dams built). I saw nothing that would HALT or OBSTRUCT travelers on their journey. Sure there are BUMPS and a bit of inconveniences that can be overcomed, mostly if you are a veteran traveler, but this doesn’t mean the Euphrates flowing in the Armenian Highland is not navigable. And to make it worse, it seems most modern day historians writing about Armenia, didn’t even bother to check this Jacques guy and simply took his word for it and kept on using him as source and reference for their books.

If anons are still doubting about this issue, I repeat myself: LET’S DO IT, let’s navigate on the Euphrates from the plateau all the way down to Bagdad. This should put away all doubts about this issue.

At this stage in the research, multiple questions kept of bothering me = Why totally dismiss this? Why did De Morgan use the tactic: Look here not there? What did he found out? WHAT ARE (((THEY))) HIDDING? WHAT IS IT (((THEY))) DON’T US TO FIND OUT ABOUT? If anons look at this, it’s just a stupid circular basket boat that came down from the Armenian Highlands, so why put all of this effort to make it sound insignificant, take the spotlight from it, HIDE IT? And remember, back then, when I was doing my research, this professor Finkel was nowhere around. I finally got my answer when I landed on the ARK.

- Page 24 –

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37efbd  No.9208315

File: 7e1ebb43a0b3137⋯.jpg (274.25 KB, 1862x1048, 931:524, Ararat_.jpg)

File: ff209e169b0d237⋯.jpg (103.01 KB, 587x424, 587:424, N_A_newspaper_clipping.jpg)

File: d696db476f47796⋯.jpg (120.11 KB, 640x767, 640:767, Life_Magazine_1960.jpg)

File: 0b2b3e850c8c07a⋯.jpg (171.95 KB, 837x1062, 93:118, u278.jpg)

File: 9016b5d4e59cb98⋯.jpg (71.96 KB, 550x365, 110:73, noah_s_ark_site.jpg)

>>9208298

(Please read from the start)

I believe anons caught up on this when I put that Wikipedia page about the Kuphar. Yes, it’s about an ARK located on Mt. Ararat on the Armenian plateau. A lot call it Noah’s Ark, so I will go with that name for it.

A lot was written about this, big news in the newspapers, documentaries, expeditions, big headlines. They have “discovered” it, then “debunked” it and “rediscovered”, then “redebunked” so many times over the decades that I fell out of interest in it. Anons can read about this online, but mostly in old newspapers. This has been proven then debunked multiple times, just as many times as the shroud of Turin. The media and the printing business played a huge role, mostly in “debunking” the theory of this being Noah’s Ark. One of the many hurdles I had to tackle from the get go when I came to this place to post, was how do I prove this to anons. And to make it worse, I had that professor Finkel to deal with on top of everything. What could I have said that made anons believe this is the real thing, the real deal and it was not debunked as (((they))) claim it is? It’s one of the reasons why I hesitated this long before coming out and talking about all of this.

Well, let’s just say a little “miracle” happened and this came out not long ago:

https://www.zerohedge.com/technology/researchers-say-3d-scans-will-reveal-noahs-ark-buried-turkish-mountains

by Tyler Durden

Sun, 12/01/2019 - 09:20

Authored by Robert Jay Watson via The Epoch Times,

The search for one of the most legendary boats of human history has made a potential breakthrough as multiple teams of scientists have zeroed in on a curious ship-shaped rise on Mt. Ararat in Turkey. The story of Noah’s Ark and the great flood that covered the earth, echoed in the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh, has long fascinated archaeologists who have wondered if remnants of the boat are still to be found.

Satellite images, radiocarbon dating, and most recently, 3D scans of the site known as Durupınar have all given hope to researchers that solid evidence of the Ark may soon be found. “It’s a man-made object and it’s a ship form,” computer engineer and biblical researcher Andrew Jones told WZTV,

As per the description of Genesis 8:4, “And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat,” researchers have investigated the site, which lies around 2,000 meters (6,560 feet) above sea level and was first identified by a Turkish cartographer in 1959.

The location of the real Noah's Ark may have been confirmed by relic-hunters in a remote mountain range in eastern Turkey, with experts claiming images "show the entire ship buried underground."

Posted by Fox News on Thursday, November 21, 2019

The Durupınar formation is about 18 miles (29 kilometers) south of the summit of Mt. Ararat, which reaches up to 16,854 feet. After its discovery was announced in 1959, it generated enthusiasm among ark seekers around the world, including Tennessee biblical researcher Ron Wyatt. Today, the site is labeled Nuhun Gemisi (Noah’s Ship) by mapmakers and continues to generate interest.

“We’re not going to find a sign that says, ‘made by Noah and sons,’ but what other ship would it be on the side of a hill at 6,500-foot elevation in the mountains of Ararat?” Andrew Jones told WZTV. In the Bible, God tells Noah very specifically how to build the Ark and these details have aided researchers in their quest.

This could be huge!”

- Page 25 –

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37efbd  No.9208331

File: 5037a14a0a4e2a6⋯.jpg (112.34 KB, 996x714, 166:119, noah_ark_from_above.jpg)

File: bbe473c6af449d7⋯.jpg (111.81 KB, 512x386, 256:193, Noah_s_ark_elevation_latti….jpg)

File: dae45dd81ec0371⋯.jpg (118.12 KB, 1116x659, 1116:659, noah_s_ark_google.jpg)

File: bc25652f83da4f9⋯.jpg (73.61 KB, 728x410, 364:205, Noahs_ark.jpg)

File: 0166d5cf8980291⋯.jpg (35.33 KB, 479x350, 479:350, remains_are_exactly_300_cu….jpg)

>>9208315

(Please read this from the start)

“Posted by Daily Mail on Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Genesis 6:15 states, “This is how you are to build it: The ark is to be three hundred cubits long, fifty cubits wide and thirty cubits high.” These dimensions, as per the best guesses archaeologists have made about the length of a “cubit,” would yield a ship that was 540 feet long, 37.5 feet high, and 75 feet wide.

This size corresponds to the strange, seemingly buried object found in the rise at Durupınar, according to ark hunters. While in previous attempts to find evidence they produced wooden samples from the site that were dated to 4,800 years old with radiocarbon dating, they are now trying to produce an image of what’s buried inside the mound.

Using a technique called “electrical resistivity,” Jones and others on his team have been trying to produce a quality 3-D image to counter skeptics.

“If you shoot an electrical current below the ground and it hits a pocket of air, that has a different type of conductivity versus something like water or rock,” Jones explains. “So, the software can interpret the signals coming back and create a 3-D image.”

Besides the dimensions, which appear to correspond to the ark specifications, Jones claims to have seen other details that match the design. As Genesis 6:16 says, “Make a roof for it, leaving below the roof an opening one cubit high all around. Put a door in the side of the ark and make lower, middle and upper decks.

Jones claims that images have shown just this. They have seen “[a] perfectly preserved hull below the ground. Petrified, solid, hull of a ship and three different layers, just like The Bible says.” The next step would be to get authorization from Turkish authorities to start excavations.

Besides the evidence of the Ark itself, researchers seeking to prove that Noah’s story has basis in archaeological evidence have also looked at the flood itself. A group of researchers led by British archaeologist Chris Turney found solid evidence for a flood that covered the land between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean over 8,300 years ago.

“We looked at all the earliest data on farming in Europe and we found a little bit of farming in Greece and the Balkans just before the flood,” Turney explained to Reuters.

“When the flood happened, farming seemed to stop but it was re-established a generation later across Europe.”

The findings seem to indicate a large number of people displaced from their homes by the waters.

For those that lived in this part of the Fertile Crescent, “it would have seemed like the whole world had flooded,” Turney said.”

Anons can check this out themselves. I’ve taken a look back in time, in recent times that is and I discovered that there had been multiple attempts, mostly over the few last years to get this story out. And I strongly believe it’s either by Potus/Qteam or by the alliance. Here are some stuff about it. The notable things are the dates these were published and the fossils, mostly maritime fossils:

https://answersingenesis.org/noahs-ark/noahs-ark-found/noahs-ark-mount-ararat/

https://www.ancient-origins.net/human-origins-religions/evidence-noah-s-ark-landed-mountain-17-miles-south-ararat-009725

As I just said, I found many attempts of disclosing this to the public over the decades as I rewind things and went back in modern times. Each time the “tada” moment comes, the media kills the momentum of the story and then it gets buried and forgotten. At this point old thoughts came back to me; the ones I had from when I was looking at the Euphrates River Map 4 = COULD IT POSSIBLE THE SUMERIANS CAME OUT FROM THE ARK? These thoughts kept on bugging me. We know people used the kuphar to come down from the Armenian Highlands ever since the early Bronze Age (I didn’t write all of that to anons for nothing) and instead of going West or East, they could have simply continued South-East and established on the shores just where the Euphrates and Tigris rivers get closer to one another.

- Page 26 –

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501f83  No.9208700

File: 7a66917ee991b96⋯.png (221.16 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 2C9C2C4C_2E13_4BE6_9517_5B….png)

File: 4499819a07674c2⋯.png (93.75 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 21E5BBE3_85BC_4B13_9EB6_A0….png)

File: eddef4a98d8a3a4⋯.png (57.38 KB, 1136x640, 71:40, 9787C09C_FF4F_482B_9D9E_F6….png)

File: 60a6ef12d98229f⋯.png (318.77 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, F9934AFB_921B_4AA4_9832_6F….png)

File: cbde9b84c59299f⋯.png (562.75 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, CD79003A_579D_4F41_91D4_77….png)

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501f83  No.9208713

File: 261607144e248d2⋯.png (316.18 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, C1BAFEB3_62B5_4B23_B3D5_85….png)

File: a0d2d0920d30c31⋯.png (305.88 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 4189B619_3C18_4F56_AE21_7E….png)

File: 937a79c9338d4e8⋯.png (303.31 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, FD5F7EDC_B20F_417E_A21C_0D….png)

File: 48fa5ddb306822a⋯.png (289.64 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, EB6AAE28_E562_4353_B792_B9….png)

File: c518b0760aee651⋯.png (185.06 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 6C1820EC_986B_41BF_BAEB_8B….png)

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501f83  No.9208741

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501f83  No.9208749

File: 23dfefc4b3aceb2⋯.png (130.53 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 5F8B00C7_5619_4347_BE3F_F4….png)

File: e26b1d122496bba⋯.png (102.32 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, D82E146C_6946_44BA_A7AD_BF….png)

File: 16f0ace3c0d1f78⋯.png (205.92 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 7FF84A25_5A31_4801_BFE2_74….png)

File: da192023844fa76⋯.png (46.63 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 2EC219BA_6EB0_43AD_B7F3_6A….png)

File: 3bf0ad088127b5c⋯.png (65.69 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, B656DA97_CE0A_4BCE_9A03_1B….png)

*but it was the jews

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501f83  No.9208760

File: d1d8959c46ab175⋯.png (898.6 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 6F307E2B_8278_4257_A396_CA….png)

File: 7c97d7e0b93c806⋯.png (415.14 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 5CE9417D_787C_4732_BE3F_99….png)

File: 955a5a24be55552⋯.png (503.03 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, FB863BBD_0957_43C9_9DB6_25….png)

File: e311b12201ff517⋯.png (50.57 KB, 1136x640, 71:40, 6B119832_7E22_4F1F_B56C_5C….png)

File: 74f56afdcd96f57⋯.png (66.93 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 5A34CFDC_953F_47FC_A213_CA….png)

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501f83  No.9208798

File: f777e516d089beb⋯.png (707.36 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 81E62622_7A41_4274_96A8_73….png)

File: 530ec71f86a46eb⋯.png (553.06 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, B34B6007_6357_41AC_9867_62….png)

File: ae262c634f8d1a6⋯.png (268.13 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, E4992769_195D_4AD8_8B23_3C….png)

File: d11546e0d257768⋯.png (211.14 KB, 1136x640, 71:40, 638654D3_8634_4088_AF7C_93….png)

File: 638ed55ecce2653⋯.png (142.01 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 1BAF48DB_CFE3_4169_925D_97….png)

Via twitter?

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ed8c65  No.9223206

>>9208331

(Please read from the start)

Back then, it made perfectly sense to me: the Sumerians came out of the Ark, navigated down the Euphrates using the Kuphar and established their kingdom downstream. They didn’t pop out of nowhere like what is said in main stream history; it’s not like what I’ve been taught in my youth = they were nomads and they “suddenly” decided to establish themselves in that region and build a kingdom with cities. Here are some explanations from the main stream history:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumer

“Sumer (/ˈsuːmər/)[note 1] is the earliest known civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia (now southern Iraq), during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages, and one of the first civilizations in the world, along with Ancient Egypt, Norte Chico, Ancient Greece, Ancient China and the Indus Valley. Living along the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, Sumerian farmers grew an abundance of grain and other crops, the surplus from which enabled them to form urban settlements. Prehistoric proto-writing dates back before 3000 BC. The earliest texts come from the cities of Uruk and Jemdet Nasr, and date to between roughly c. 3500 and c. 3000 BC,”

“Most historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a West Asian people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence), a non-Semitic and non-Indo-European agglutinative language isolate.[16][17][18][19][20] In contrast to its Semitic neighbours, it was not an inflected language.[16]

Others have suggested that the Sumerians were a North African people who migrated from the Green Sahara into the Middle East and were responsible for the spread of farming in the Middle East.[21] Although not specifically discussing Sumerians, Lazaridis et al. 2016 have suggested a North African origin for the pre-Semitic cultures of the Middle East, particularly Natufians, after testing the genomes of Natufian and Pre-Pottery Neolithic culture-bearers.[22] Alternatively, recent genetic analysis of ancient Mesopotamian skeletal DNA tends to suggest an association of the Sumerians with India, possibly as a result of ancient Indus-Mesopotamia relations: Sumerians, or at least some of them, may have been related to the original Dravidian population of India.[23]

These prehistoric people before the Sumerians are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians",[24] and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia.[25][26][27][28] The Ubaidians, though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves, are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer. They drained the marshes for agriculture, developed trade, and established industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery.[24]

Some scholars contest the idea of a Proto-Euphratean language or one substrate language; they think the Sumerian language may originally have been that of the hunting and fishing peoples who lived in the marshland and the Eastern Arabia littoral region and were part of the Arabian bifacial culture.[29] Reliable historical records begin much later; there are none in Sumer of any kind that have been dated before Enmebaragesi (c. 26th century BC). Juris Zarins believes the Sumerians lived along the coast of Eastern Arabia, today's Persian Gulf region, before it was flooded at the end of the Ice Age.[30]

Sumerian civilization took form in the Uruk period (4th millennium BC), continuing into the Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic periods. During the 3rd millennium BC, a close cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians, who spoke a language isolate, and Akkadians, which gave rise to widespread bilingualism.[31] The influence of Sumerian on Akkadian (and vice versa) is evident in all areas, from lexical borrowing on a massive scale, to syntactic, morphological, and phonological convergence.[31] This has prompted scholars to refer to Sumerian and Akkadian in the 3rd millennium BC as a Sprachbund.”

- Page 27 –

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22f791  No.9241595

>>9223206

(Please read from the start)

“The Sumerians progressively lost control to Semitic states from the northwest. Sumer was conquered by the Semitic-speaking kings of the Akkadian Empire around 2270 BC (short chronology), but Sumerian continued as a sacred language. Native Sumerian rule re-emerged for about a century in the Third Dynasty of Ur at approximately 2100–2000 BC, but the Akkadian language also remained in use for some time.[32]

The Sumerian city of Eridu, on the coast of the Persian Gulf, is considered to have been one of the oldest cities, where three separate cultures may have fused: that of peasant Ubaidian farmers, living in mud-brick huts and practicing irrigation; that of mobile nomadic Semitic pastoralists living in black tents and following herds of sheep and goats; and that of fisher folk, living in reed huts in the marshlands, who may have been the ancestors of the Sumerians.”

Personally this always made me wince anons. Despite the fact that I relied on main stream history for my work, I was never able to digest this abracadabra explanation of how the Sumerian civilization and kingdom came to be. And what made me wince even more is the explanation provided by the alternative history about the Anunnaki. I couldn’t swallow what was said about them being ancient aliens and such stuff. I didn’t make sense to me.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anunnaki

“The Anunnaki (also transcribed as Anunaki, Annunaki, Anunna, Ananaki, and other variations) are a group of deities who appear in the mythological traditions of the ancient Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, and Babylonians.[1] Descriptions of how many Anunnaki there were and what role they fulfilled are inconsistent and often contradictory. In the earliest Sumerian writings about them, which come from the Post-Akkadian period, the Anunnaki are the most powerful deities in the pantheon, descendants of An and Ki, the god of the heavens and the goddess of earth, and their primary function is to decree the fate of Sumerians.

In Inanna's Descent into the Netherworld, the Anunnaki are portrayed as seven judges who sit before the throne of Ereshkigal in the Underworld. Later Akkadian texts, such as the Epic of Gilgamesh, follow this portrayal. During the Old Babylonian period, the Anunnaki were believed to be the chthonic deities of the Underworld, while the gods of the heavens were known as the Igigi. The ancient Hittites identified the Anunnaki as the oldest generation of gods, who had been overthrown and banished to the Underworld by the younger gods. The Anunnaki have featured prominently in modern pseudoarchaeological works, such as the books of Zecharia Sitchin.”

“Over a series of published books (starting with Chariots of the Gods? in 1968), Swiss pseudoarcheologist Erich von Däniken claimed that extraterrestrial "ancient astronauts" had visited a prehistoric Earth. Von Däniken explains the origins of religions as reactions to contact with an alien race, and offers interpretations of Sumerian texts and the Old Testament as evidence.”

- Page 28 –

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39da59  No.9255962

File: 4b009d2aaebfb41⋯.jpg (87.45 KB, 618x578, 309:289, Sumerian_Gods_Mesopotamia.jpg)

>>9241595

(Please read from the start)

“In his 1976 book The Twelfth Planet, Russian-American author Zecharia Sitchin claimed that the Anunnaki were actually an advanced humanoid extraterrestrial species from the undiscovered planet Nibiru, who came to Earth around 500,000 years ago and constructed a base of operations in order to mine gold after discovering that the planet was rich in the precious metal.[69][70][72] According to Sitchin, the Anunnaki hybridized their species and Homo erectus via in vitro fertilization in order to create humans as a slave species of miners.[69][70][72] Sitchin claimed that the Anunnaki were forced to temporarily leave Earth's surface and orbit the planet when Antarctic glaciers melted, causing the Great Flood,[73] which also destroyed the Anunnaki's bases on Earth.[73] These had to be rebuilt, and the Anunnaki, needing more humans to help in this massive effort, taught mankind agriculture.[73]

Ronald H. Fritze writes that, according to Sitchin, "the Annunaki built the pyramids and all the other monumental structures from around the world that ancient astronaut theorists consider so impossible to build without highly advanced technologies."[69] Sitchin expanded on this mythology in later works, including The Stairway to Heaven (1980) and The Wars of Gods and Men (1985).[74] In The End of Days: Armageddon and the Prophecy of the Return (2007), Sitchin predicted that the Anunnaki would return to earth, possibly as soon as 2012, corresponding to the end of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar.[70][74] Sitchin's writings have been universally rejected by mainstream historians, who have labelled his books as pseudoarchaeology,[75] asserting that Sitchin seems to deliberately misrepresent Sumerian texts by quoting them out of context, truncating quotations, and mistranslating Sumerian words to give them radically different meanings from their accepted definitions.”

One of the things that hit me back then about this discovery of mine (=the Sumerians navigated on the river down from the Armenian Highlands) was the GREAT SIMILARITIES with Pharaoh Egypt, mostly the stories about King Narmer and the Nile.

The biggest challenge every historian or archeologist face when it comes to the Sumerians is the “gadgets” we see them represented with in the reliefs they left us. I knew for sure that the Sumerians came down from Noah’s Ark; just the behavior of the media and main stream history about it is enough to know they are trying to hide this. It was a secret (((they))) didn’t want the general public to know about. I’ve said this before: this is like a Matryoshka doll but in reverse = I started with a small secret, then found out a bigger one then a bigger one etc. In other words, (((they))) made the kuphar look all silly and insignificant while (((they))) were investigating this just as I was. And when (((they))) found out about the existence of the Ark on Mt Ararat, (((they))) supposedly debunked its existence in order to hide it and in the same time (((they))) have been hiding the origins of the Sumerians and where those came from.

I knew I was missing a piece of the puzzle that could tie things up for me but I couldn’t find it back then no matter what I did or where I looked. At this stage of research, I was working separately from my work, on my own free time and my own dime. I was stuck on this point for many decades.

- Page 29 -

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39da59  No.9256454

>>9255962

(Please read from the start)

I bet a lot of anons right now think I might have been selfish to have discovered Noah’s Ark and that the Sumerians came out from it and went down from the Plateau and I didn’t come out and speak of this. Ask yourselves this anons: if you were in my place, would you have done it? I’m one archeologist, it would have been my word against (((their))) word, mostly if (((they))) had shill professors like Finkel coming out and inventing stuff out of nowhere about the Ark being of circular shape just to muddy the water and divert us from the truth. I didn’t have to prove him right or wrong, because the alliance did by publishing that article in Zerohedge. Look at how the media has been attacking Potus for all this time now; and for what = because he stood up and told the truth? If I had come out before this, WHOM would have believed me? Right now, anons, reading this, whom among you believe me? I’m a no one, and nobody would have believed a single word I’ve said. (((They))) have all the funds in the world, the material, the printing press and the media which can be considered as tools to manipulate the masses. All I had on my side was what I knew. I also realized that just by telling the truth, my life, and the life of my entire family would have been totally annihilated by (((them))); I wonder how many people like me discovered this truth and have been “disposed of”?

But what rattled me the most back then was actually the Vatican itself. I was taken aback how the Vatican probably knew about the existence of Noah’s Ark on Mt Ararat and is silent as a tomb about it. Isn’t it that strange anons? When it comes into finding the origins of mankind, we always had 2 opposing theories: 1 – was the biblical theory and 2 – was the evolution theory from Darwin.

It would have been a great victory of the biblical theory and the people supporting it if the Ark was presented as proof. Darwin’s theory would have been proven to be wrong and false. Why didn’t the Vatican sent its experts and scientists publically = in front of all the media, for DECADES, to Mt Ararat to examine, investigate, study and document the Ark? Could you even imagine the glory and the power this would have brought to the Vatican? But nope, it didn’t happen…SSHH!!! Not even a single mention, for DECADES. All of the popes that came and went…. Nothing, not a sound. Doesn’t that speak volumes on itself?

What about the other Monotheist religions = Judaism and Islam. Why none of them are talking about this? Mostly the Jewish religious leaders. This would have given them so much credibility. It’s strange, isn’t it anons?

- Page 30 –

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39da59  No.9257298

File: 9f541c41d437455⋯.png (196.75 KB, 535x410, 107:82, Armenia_s_coat_of_arms.png)

File: c9923e2c2241878⋯.jpg (249.52 KB, 986x658, 493:329, Armenian_Genocide_1.jpg)

File: 19b9b5b196ed660⋯.jpg (59.24 KB, 968x681, 968:681, Armenian_Genocide_2.jpg)

File: b4b29157c0ab494⋯.png (79.46 KB, 412x282, 206:141, Armenian_Genocide_3.png)

File: ffbed57f41f30e7⋯.jpg (179.24 KB, 1908x1146, 318:191, Armenian_Genocide_4.jpg)

>>9256454

(Please read from the start)

And this is when I bumped into the pure horrors of the Armenian Genocide. I went all the way in this dark tunnel anons. It’s pure HORROR. If you need to know how horrible it is, it’s the equivalent to what takes place on Epstein Island, under the temple. Noah’s Ark is the REAL REASON why the ARMENAIN GENOCIDE took place. When I traveled to Armenia, I talked with MANY about the Ark and asked questions why was Mt Ararat so important to them even till this day? I had the same reply from everyone I questioned: “We are the guardians of the Ark. We protect it”. The Armenians ALWAYS considered themselves as the direct descendants of Noah and the great great grandson of Noah = Haïg is the patriarch of the Armenians. It makes sense now why in 2006 (if my memory is not betraying me) the Armenian nation chose to put the Ark on Mt Ararat on their coat of arms.

This tunnel lead me to secrets, with and S at the end = plural. One of those secrets is still a mystery to me: Why the bloodline families ORDERED the total extermination of the Armenians? (((They))) used the Turks and Kurds as “tools” to commit this total annihilation of a race but why? (((They))) were the ones pulling the strings behind the curtain, it’s so obvious; while the Turks were following and applying (((their))) orders. What do (((they))) have against the Armenians to want to wipe them out?

I’m also curious to know what was in the documents smuggled from the Ottoman Empire to some European capitals. What was in those documents about the Armenian genocide? Why were they so important that (((they))) had to snuggle them out of the Ottoman Empire during WWI before the Ottomans were defeated? How did some end up in London? While some ended up in Berlin? How did Hitler get his hands on the information within the documents? What did Hitler found out in them?

- Page 31 –

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39da59  No.9257319

File: 8fd269dfd53aeae⋯.jpg (72.39 KB, 512x374, 256:187, Armenian_Genocide_5.jpg)

File: 93788cd5d054f38⋯.jpg (80.89 KB, 504x432, 7:6, Armenian_Genocide_6.jpg)

File: 08983022d3a05ba⋯.jpg (90.92 KB, 1024x468, 256:117, Armenian_Genocide_7.jpg)

File: 26820aa6c27a11e⋯.jpg (49.08 KB, 512x318, 256:159, Armenian_Genocide_8.jpg)

File: dcbaa42ee263da4⋯.jpg (37.25 KB, 290x288, 145:144, Armenian_Genocide_9.jpg)

>>9257298

(Please read from the start)

The “resistance” and “denial” this genocide has been facing; to even admit it took place; it’s absolutely mind blowing when you compare it with how easy the Holocaust was accept by the media and the leaders worldwide. Why sweep one under the rug, while the other was promoted on the scale of the entire world? The Armenian genocide was denied, dismissed, disputed and debunked… according to? = (((them))) and the media & leaders (((they))) control.(((They))) wanted it to be “forgotten”. And of course, as a payment for their loyalty to the Bloodline families, the Republic of Turkey was AWARDED via the treaty of Lausane, in 1923, Mt Ararat and the plain of Erzurum.

During my MANY trips to Istanbul (because of work) over the decades, I had the opportunity to open this subject and discuss it with many Turks. The replies I got were as various as the colors of the rainbow about this issue: some simply don’t care - others say it’s old insignificant news - others feel sorry for the loss of lives - others feel down and bad and say it’s absolutely wrong – others know it’s wrong but they still justify what was done back then, unwilling to admit the wrong – others are very aggressive about it and say the Armenians deserve it – while some religious fanatics say all the non-Muslims should be wiped out from the face of the planet. I know FOR SURE that the Turkish people have been lied to about this issue for a very long time and a lot of them are simply brainwashed about this. I hope one day we will know the truth about this and everyone will admit their wrong doings and make amends. This is not about race or religion anons, this is simply about RIGHT and WRONG; about GOOD against EVIL. An EVIL act = satanic sacrifice, was committed towards the Armenians. Pretending it never happened and trying to forget this, to skid away means only one thing = helping Evil win. Mending this wound won’t be easy, but it’s gotta happen, or this poison will keep on circulating for many centuries to come and evil will keep on flourishing. This “DARK” History will keep on repeating itself.

As I’ve just mentioned to anons, I went all the way into this very dark and horrible tunnel. I was intrigued by the reason this happened. Up to this day, I still couldn’t find it, even though I made a bit of progress during this passing year, but not that much. All I know, it’s something that has to do with the Armenian BLOOD; the blood that for some reason cabal/bloodline families hate so much as to try to exterminate it from existence. I will be back on this matter later on.

I know I took a detour there anons, but I believe the “Arnemian Genocide” goes straight into the best kept secrets of the bloodline families as in Noah’s Ark, Atlantis and the “importance of the bloodline”. I still cannot pin point it up till when I’m writing this, but I’m slowly walking there. I’m going to keep on looking until my very end; I simply hope I will have enough time to uncover this.

- Page 32 –

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39da59  No.9257336

>>9257319

(Please read from the start)

Now back to Noah’s Ark:

Recently, when looking around to find a way to prove that the Ark was on Mt Ararat (before the published article came out) I found this; which I found interesting, mostly the details of it all:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Searches_for_Noah%27s_Ark

“Unsubstantiated claims

• According to one story, Nicholas II of Russia sent an expedition to Mount Ararat in 1916–1918 to investigate the Ark. Allegedly, the reports were turned in to Leon Trotsky, who destroyed them. However, this tale claims that the expedition was launched just as the Russian Revolution broke out in Russia; the fact that Nicholas abdicated during the February Revolution at the beginning of March 1917 (Gregorian calendar) makes the story unlikely. A few sources put the date of the expedition at 1916, ("the Russian imperial air force … is supposed to have sent 150 men up Mount Ararat in 1916 to explore a large object said to be as long as a city block", reads one).[31] The story seems to have been first brought to wide-spread attention in 1945, when the magazine New Eden published the story, attributed it to "Vladimire Roskovitsky".[32] According to Robert Moore: "However, [after the story was printed and popularized in 1945] serious questions and criticisms arose, and the fabric of the tale quickly began unraveling. By 1945, New Eden, where [the story] initially appeared, and at least two other magazines [that had also published the story], had printed retractions".[31] Despite the evidence against the story as it appeared in New Eden, the tale is still a popular one.

• In 1952, Pastor Harold Williams wrote a story he claimed had been told to him by Haji Yearam, an Armenian Seventh-Day Adventist who had moved to the United States. He let Williams take down his account four years before his death in 1920. According to the story, Yearam as a boy was with his father when they guided three English scientists to the ark in 1856. Upon finding the ark sticking out of a glacier near the summit of Ararat, these scientists were however dumbfounded and angry, since they were "vile men who did not believe in the Bible". Having come to Ararat to disprove the Scriptures, they now tried to destroy the ark, but were not able to. They then took an oath to keep the discovery a secret and murder anyone who revealed it. About 1918, Williams claimed he saw a newspaper article giving a scientist's deathbed confession, which independently corroborated Yearam's story. Harold Williams said he preserved both Yearam's account and the newspaper clipping until 1940, when both were lost in a fire, leaving the story hearsay on Williams's part. Despite a diligent search, the ca. 1918 newspaper article with the scientist's "confession" has never been located. The online archive of the old USENET newsgroup talk.origins makes note of the seeming vilification of unbelievers and regards it as suggestive of "religious propaganda".[33] An academic study notes "the melodrama of Haji Yearam's tale".[34]

• In 1955, French explorer Fernand Navarra reportedly found a 5-foot wooden beam on Mount Ararat some 40 feet under the Parrot Glacier on the northwest slope and well above the treeline. The Forestry Institute of Research and Experiments of the Ministry of Agriculture in Spain certified the wood to be about 5,000 years old – a claim that is disputed by radio carbon dating, as two labs have dated the 1969 samples, one at 650 C.E. ± 50 years, the other at 630 C.E. ± 95 years.[35] Navarra's guide later revealed the French explorer bought the beam from a nearby village and carried it up the mountain.”

- Page 33 –

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39da59  No.9257387

File: ae60f952cb8d106⋯.jpg (113.16 KB, 1063x535, 1063:535, Mount_Ararat_on_Map.jpg)

>>9257336

(Please read from the start)

• “Around 1960, helicopter pilot George Greene claimed to have observed the Ark on Ararat in 1953. It was lying on the side of a vertical rock cliff at the 13,000 to 14,000 ft. level. He photographed it from the air and tried to mount an expedition, but his photographs failed to convince any investors. Greene was found drowned in a swimming pool in British Guiana in 1962, and his photographs have not been seen since. In The Ararat Report, February 1990, Ark investigator Bill Crouse listed various "phantom arks" on the mountain, including a formation that "does look like the prow of a huge ship. In reality, it is a huge chunk of basalt. We believe this is also the 'ark' seen by George Greene in 1953."[37]

• In 1970, an Armenian, Georgie Hagopian, claimed to have visited the Ark twice c. 1908–10 (1902 in another version, and 1906 according to a segment in the TV series Unsolved Mysteries) with his uncle. Hagopian claimed that he had climbed up onto the Ark and walked along its roof and that some of his young friends had also seen it. The online archive of talk.origins[38] notes that "[t]he apparent ease of getting to the ark conflicts with the accounts of other explorers."[39]

• Ed Davis,[40] a US army sergeant based at Hamadan in Iran during World War II, reported that he had climbed Mt. Ararat with his driver's family in 1943. After three days' climbing, the group camped 100 feet above the Ark and was able to look down into it but not to approach closely. According to Davis's description, it had broken into two pieces, which had been pushed some distance apart by glaciers. Its description roughly matched Hagopian's, judging by Elfred Lee's paintings. Lee also interviewed Ed Davis and created a painting based on Davis's descriptions. The structures in the paintings appear to match.[41]

• In 1993, CBS aired a television special entitled The Incredible Discovery of Noah's Ark, which contained a section devoted to the claims of George Jammal, who showed what he called "sacred wood from the ark." Jammal's story of a dramatic mountain expedition which took the life of "his Polish friend Vladimir" was actually a deliberate hoax, and Jammal – who was really an actor – later revealed that his "sacred wood" was wood taken from railroad tracks in Long Beach, California and hardened by cooking with various sauces in an oven.”

Anons, these “claims” and the existence of Noah’s Ark on Mt Ararat, it’s up to you to research this and believe if it’s true or not. For those who are not convinced despite that the article was published by the alliance on Zerohedge; I say, wait a bit longer and keep your eyes on the news. Because if the alliance started to talk in one article about this, then anons can be sure the alliance will continue to mention this and make all the necessary disclosures concerning this subject. I just hope I will be here long enough to see it with my own eyes and it won’t take many years before the truth comes out.

I personally do believe it’s the Ark we have up there. What convinced me most is the presence of professor shills like Finkel, here simply to blur everything out to the rest of us; just follow the money behind him and the institutes backing him and I bet we will find out cabal fingerprints all over him. And there is the Vatican’s reaction = no reaction = this deep creepy silence of the Vatican concerning this issue puts all of my sensors on high alert.”

See what happens to the people whom tried to get this out to the public?

- Page 34 –

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7329f9  No.9275790

>>9257387

(Please read from the start)

I decided to make a very quick summary of all that I’ve got about this:

- Industrial Revolution +/- 1760 to 1840 A.D.

- Coracle trendy in England, in XIXth century A.D.

- Rawlinson copied Behistun inscription in 1835 A.D.

- Vanderbilt started to grow his railroad business in 1850 A.D.

- Jacques de Morgan (1857-1924) was probably the one of those whom surveyed and discovered the oil in the Middle East.

- American Civil war from 1861 to 1865 A.D.

- Oil Standard established by Rockefeller in 1870 A.D.

- “Alice through the Looking Glass” by Lewis Carroll, in 1871 A.D.

- Start of Theosophy in the States in 1875 A.D.

- De Morgan excavated Susa in 1897 A.D. and found the victory stele of Naram-Sin in 1898 A.D.

- Kuphar still in use in Iraq early 19 hundreds A.D.

- Herbert Cushing Tolman of Vanderbilt University, USA, tried to translate Behistun inscription in 1908 A.D.

- Sinking of the Titanic in 1912 A.D.

- Creation of the Federal Reserve in 1913 A.D.

- WWI in 1914-1918 A.D.

- Armenian Genocide 1915-1917 A.D.

- Sykes – Picot agreement in 1916 A.D.

- Balfour declaration in 1917 A.D.

- Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 A.D.

- Crash of Wall Street in 1929 A.D.

- WWII with Maria Orsic & Vril Society in 1939-1945 A.D.

I’m sure anons could add a few more notable dates and events in this summary. Upon seeing the events laid in front of me this way, I realized two things:

1 – All the events that took place since WWI till nowadays were planned by the bloodline families one century ago. In the XIXth century, the elites gathered the information then sat down and made plans that we have seen being unfolded starting WWI. This is a LONG game they played, very long. The 16 year plan Qteam mentions was the grand final for their century long plan. It was supposed to be the final nail in our coffin and the “birth” of (((their))) new world. If you look closely to the dates, you will notice that Payseur was still alive till mid XIXth century, meaning that all the things which took place and discovered after that date, the decision was taken by his heirs and their guardians.

2 – I’m sure a lot of anons have researched the Vril society. It is claimed that they made contact with “entities” whom transmitted to them knowledge of “new” technology. A lot of anons have reasons to believe there is some sort of military/scientific/research base in Antarctica where the Nazis and the elites have reverse engineered alien technology and/or space crafts - or (((they))) kept contact with these entities and (((they))) were guided by them to build new technology and modern day machines.

- Page 35 –

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632260  No.9287327

>>9207955

I know of no tree that could such a thing.

Tree roots going down go down via new growth.

Once this new growth is there it stays there a lifetime.

Only disturbances may cause downward replacement.

Some bulbs however do manage to grow downward a little distace.

So what kind of tree would do such a thing?

I would suggest the can got there when planting or uprooting the tree, but I suppose you already considered that and discarded it for some reason.

Do what kin

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632260  No.9288410

>>9208077

Thanks for plausibly identifying Beth Togarmah with (the heartlans of) Armenia.

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c9a558  No.9290382

>>9287327

Sorry i could not give more details. I just compressed a super long story without trying to reveal much. Gotta be careful. And the purpose behind this example was to show anons there is a logical explanation to "weird" things.

what i'm writing is like a summary of a huge pile of information. I hope anons who are interested will verify everything i'm writing.

I didn't get this in a blink, it was a long road. And i'm trying to get it out in the shortest method possible.

There is more than one source that mentions about Beth Togarmah as being "habitants" of Armenia. More info and sources are coming. The info i'm putting via wikipedia can be found in any general encyclopedia. There are many research tunnels you can go in.This is very wide and big and it can rewrite the entire history of mankind.

Remember what Q team says about things being upside down or as looking into a mirror. What we were told as being truths are not that. Some stuff are very hard for the masses to accept. I'm against hidding the truth.

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c9a558  No.9290422

File: 24ad2e27f8e40f0⋯.jpg (52.42 KB, 620x450, 62:45, Leonardo_Design_for_a_Flyi….jpg)

File: bf64227cd43c7f7⋯.jpg (60.24 KB, 550x422, 275:211, Leonardo_ds_Vinci_s_flying….jpg)

File: 1242224b41e9f79⋯.jpg (33.49 KB, 500x409, 500:409, Da_Vinci_unsuccessfully_te….jpg)

File: 5ea45c91c352657⋯.jpg (157.68 KB, 1030x786, 515:393, project_looking_glass.jpg)

>>9275790

(Please read from the start)

I’m sure a lot was written about this but has anyone gone backwards? From the way it looks to me, it seems the Industrial Revolution and the Renaissance were the first and second technological awakenings. So could it be: contact was made with these entities ever since the XVth century? Could these entities have inspired Leonardo da Vinci in drawing his air crafts? The Steam machines we saw in the Industrial revolution are considered by historian a big “break” from the older means of transport. Could these also have been inspired by those entities?

Recent discoveries = Lewis Carroll wrote “Alice through the Looking Glass” in 1871; meaning he, somehow, already knew about the existence of this “machine” that allows the user to take a look into future events. A “machine” mentioned by Qteam in drop 3585. In other words, it does exist, but has anyone ever wondered since WHEN this machine existed? Could it have existed and been used by bloodline families ever since the later part of the 1800?

The possibility is there anon. Makes one wonder what else is in those “projects”? This could be a very interesting rabbit hole to research anons. I wonder if someone went in there.

In my research from back then, I went next to the only place where I could do some reading and dig: All I could do back then was round up all the flood myths from all over the globe, and this is what I’m going to talk about next. I’m going to make a summary of the notables at the end of each section.

The most obvious flood myth is the Epic poem of Gilgamesh, from Mesopotamia:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilgamesh

“Gilgamesh (𒄑𒂅𒈦, Gilgameš, originally Bilgamesh 𒄑𒉈𒂵𒈩)[a] was a probably historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology, and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late second millennium BC. He probably ruled sometime between 2800 and 2500 BC and was posthumously deified. He became a major figure in Sumerian legends during the Third Dynasty of Ur (c. 2112 – c. 2004 BC). Tales of Gilgamesh's legendary exploits are narrated in five surviving Sumerian poems. The earliest of these is probably Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld, in which Gilgamesh comes to the aid of the goddess Inanna and drives away the creatures infesting her huluppu tree. She gives him two unknown objects called a mikku and a pikku, which he loses. After Enkidu's death, his shade tells Gilgamesh about the bleak conditions in the Underworld. The poem Gilgamesh and Agga describes Gilgamesh's revolt against his overlord King Agga. Other Sumerian poems relate Gilgamesh's defeat of the ogre Huwawa and the Bull of Heaven and a fifth, poorly preserved one apparently describes his death and funeral.

In later Babylonian times, these stories began to be woven into a connected narrative. The standard Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh was composed by a scribe named Sîn-lēqi-unninni, probably during the Middle Babylonian Period (c. 1600 – c. 1155 BC), based on much older source material. In the epic, Gilgamesh is a demigod of superhuman strength who befriends the wildman Enkidu. Together, they go on adventures, defeating Humbaba (the East Semitic name for Huwawa) and the Bull of Heaven, who, in the epic, is sent to attack them by Ishtar (the East Semitic equivalent of Inanna) after Gilgamesh rejects her offer for him to become her consort. After Enkidu dies of a disease sent as punishment from the gods, Gilgamesh becomes afraid of his own death, and visits the sage Utnapishtim, the survivor of the Great Flood, hoping to find immortality. Gilgamesh repeatedly fails the trials set before him and returns home to Uruk, realizing that immortality is beyond his reach.”

- Page 36 –

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c9a558  No.9290465

>>9290422

(Please read from the start)

“Most classical historians agree that the Epic of Gilgamesh exerted substantial influence on both the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems written in ancient Greek during the eighth century BC. The story of Gilgamesh's birth is described in a second-century AD anecdote from On the Nature of Animals by the Greek writer Aelian. Aelian relates that Gilgamesh's grandfather kept his mother under guard to prevent her from becoming pregnant, because he had been told by an oracle that his grandson would overthrow him. She became pregnant and the guards threw the child off a tower, but an eagle rescued him mid-fall and delivered him safely to an orchard, where he was raised by the gardener. The Epic of Gilgamesh was rediscovered in the Library of Ashurbanipal in 1849. After being translated in the early 1870s, it caused widespread controversy due to similarities between portions of it and the Hebrew Bible. Gilgamesh remained mostly obscure until the mid-twentieth century, but, since the late twentieth-century, he has become an increasingly prominent figure in modern culture.”

“Gilgamesh's first appearance in literature is probably in the Sumerian poem Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld.[19][12][20] The narrative begins with a huluppu tree—perhaps, according to the Sumerologist Samuel Noah Kramer, a willow,[21] growing on the banks of the river Euphrates.[21][12][22] The goddess Inanna moves the tree to her garden in Uruk with the intention to carve it into a throne once it is fully grown.[21][12][22] The tree grows and matures, but the serpent "who knows no charm," the Anzû-bird, and Lilitu, a Mesopotamian demon, all take up residence within the tree, causing Inanna to cry with sorrow.[21][12][22] Gilgamesh, who in this story is portrayed as Inanna's brother, comes along and slays the serpent, causing the Anzû-bird and Lilitu to flee.[23][12][22] Gilgamesh's companions chop down the tree and carve its wood into a bed and a throne, which they give to Inanna.[24][12][22] Inanna responds by fashioning a pikku and a mikku (probably a drum and drumsticks respectively, although the exact identifications are uncertain),[25][12] which she gives to Gilgamesh as a reward for his heroism.[26][12][22] Gilgamesh loses the pikku and mikku and asks who will retrieve them.[27] Enkidu descends to the Underworld to find them,[28] but disobeys the strict laws of the Underworld and is therefore required to remain there forever.[28] The remaining portion of the poem is a dialogue in which Gilgamesh asks the shade of Enkidu questions about the Underworld.”

>> Did anons notice the similarities with the SNAKE and APPLE TREE from the Old Testament? For those who blindly believe the Old Testament as written word to word, you better start reconsidering this.

“Gilgamesh and Agga describes Gilgamesh's successful revolt against his overlord Agga, the king of the city-state of Kish.[8][29] Gilgamesh and Huwawa describes how Gilgamesh and his servant Enkidu, aided by the help of fifty volunteers from Uruk, defeat the monster Huwawa, an ogre appointed by the god Enlil, the ruler of the gods, as the guardian of the Cedar Forest.”

>> Anons should take note of the Cedar Forest. There is one region in the Middle East with Cedars growing in it.

“The Epic of Gilgamesh, the most complete account of Gilgamesh's adventures, was composed in Akkadian during the Middle Babylonian Period (c. 1600 – c. 1155 BC) by a scribe named Sîn-lēqi-unninni.[8] The most complete surviving version of the Epic of Gilgamesh is recorded on a set of twelve clay tablets dating to the seventh century BC, found in the Library of Ashurbanipal in the Assyrian capital of Nineveh.[8][12][40] The epic survives only in a fragmentary form, with many pieces of it missing or damaged.[8][12][40] Some scholars and translators choose to supplement the missing parts of the epic with material from the earlier Sumerian poems or from other versions of the Epic of Gilgamesh found at other sites throughout the Near East.[8]

In the epic, Gilgamesh is introduced as "two thirds divine and one third mortal".[41] At the beginning of the poem, Gilgamesh is described as a brutal, oppressive ruler.[8][41] This is usually interpreted to mean either that he compels all his subjects to engage in forced labor[8] or that he sexually oppresses all his subjects.[8] As punishment for Gilgamesh's cruelty, the god Anu creates the wildman Enkidu.[42] After being tamed by a prostitute named Shamhat, Enkidu travels to Uruk to confront Gilgamesh.[37] In the second tablet, the two men wrestle and, although Gilgamesh wins the match in the end,[37] he is so impressed by his opponent's strength and tenacity that they become close friends.[37] In the earlier Sumerian texts, Enkidu is Gilgamesh's servant,[37] but, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, they are companions of equal standing.”

- Page 37 –

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c9a558  No.9290479

File: e60d358413445d1⋯.jpg (297.92 KB, 800x977, 800:977, Gilgamesh_slaying_the_Bull….jpg)

>>9290465

(Please read from the start)

“In tablets III through IV, Gilgamesh and Enkidu travel to the Cedar Forest, which is guarded by Humbaba (the Akkadian name for Huwawa).[37] The heroes cross the seven mountains to the Cedar Forest, where they begin chopping down trees.[43] Confronted by Humbaba, Gilgamesh panics and prays to Shamash (the East Semitic name for Utu),[43] who blows eight winds in Humbaba's eyes, blinding him.[43] Humbaba begs for mercy, but the heroes decapitate him regardless.”

“Tablets IX through XI relate how Gilgamesh, driven by grief and fear of his own mortality, travels a great distance and overcomes many obstacles to find the home of Utnapishtim, the sole survivor of the Great Flood, who was rewarded with immortality by the gods.”

“He finds a beautiful garden by the sea in which he meets Siduri, the divine barmaid.[51] At first she tries to prevent Gilgamesh from entering the garden,[51] but later she instead attempts to persuade him to accept death as inevitable and not journey beyond the waters.[51] When Gilgamesh refuses to do this, she directs him to Urshanabi, the ferryman of the gods, who ferries Gilgamesh across the sea to Utnapishtim's homeland.[51] When Gilgamesh finally arrives at Utnapishtim's home, Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh that, to become immortal, he must defy sleep.[37] Gilgamesh fails to do this and falls asleep for seven days without waking.”

“Next, Utnapishtim tells him that, even if he cannot obtain immortality, he can restore his youth using a plant with the power of rejuvenation.[37][22] Gilgamesh takes the plant, but leaves it on the shore while swimming and a snake steals it, explaining why snakes are able to shed their skins.”

>>The parts I’ve just copy/paste are relevant anons to future things I’m going to talk about.

The notables:

1- Gilgamesh is the Sumerian King of Uruk.

2- Written in Akkadian late IInd Millennium B.C.

3- Gilgamesh rule around 2800-2500 B.C.

4- Akkadian epic composed by Sîn-lēqi-unninni (probably around 1600-1550 B.C.).

5- Gilgamesh is a demigod with superhuman strength.

6- Looking for the sage Utnapishtim, the survivor of the Great Flood, in hopes to find immortality.

7- Epic of Gilgamesh exerted influence on Iliad and Odyssey.

8- Birth of Gilgamesh is written in IInd century A.D. by Greek writter Aelian.

9- Epic of Gilgamesh was discovered in the Library of Asurbanipal in 1849 and translated in 1870.

10- Controversy because of similarities with the Hebrew Bible.

11- Huluppu tree; “but the serpent “who knows no charm”, the Anzû-bird, and Lilitu, a Mesopotamian demon, all take up residence within the tree”.

12- Gilgamesh slays the serpent.

13- Gilgamesh loses the Pikku and Mikku.

14- Gilgamesh asks the shade of Enkidu questions about the Underworld.

15- Gilgamesh and Enkidu defeat the monster Huwawa = the guardian of the Cedar Forest.

16- Gilgamesh crosses 7 mountains.

17- Urshanabi ferries Gilgamesh across the sea to Utnapishtim’s homeland.

18- To become immortal Gilgamesh must defy sleep.

19- Restore one’s youth using a plant with the power of rejuvenation which ends up being eaten by a snake; explaining why snakes are able to shed their skins.

- Page 38 –

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c9a558  No.9290492

>>9290479

(Please read from the start)

More details on the flood from the Epic Poem:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epic_of_Gilgamesh

“Gilgamesh observes that Utnapishtim seems no different from himself, and asks him how he obtained his immortality. Utnapishtim explains that the gods decided to send a great flood. To save Utnapishtim the god Ea told him to build a boat. He gave him precise dimensions, and it was sealed with pitch and bitumen. His entire family went aboard together with his craftsmen and "all the animals of the field". A violent storm then arose which caused the terrified gods to retreat to the heavens. Ishtar lamented the wholesale destruction of humanity, and the other gods wept beside her. The storm lasted six days and nights, after which "all the human beings turned to clay". Utnapishtim weeps when he sees the destruction. His boat lodges on a mountain, and he releases a dove, a swallow, and a raven. When the raven fails to return, he opens the ark and frees its inhabitants. Utnapishtim offers a sacrifice to the gods, who smell the sweet savor and gather around. Ishtar vows that just as she will never forget the brilliant necklace that hangs around her neck, she will always remember this time. When Enlil arrives, angry that there are survivors, she condemns him for instigating the flood. Ea also castigates him for sending a disproportionate punishment. Enlil blesses Utnapishtim and his wife, and rewards them with eternal life. This account largely matches the flood story that concludes the Epic of Atra-Hasis.”

“The main point seems to be that when Enlil granted eternal life it was a unique gift. As if to demonstrate this point, Utnapishtim challenges Gilgamesh to stay awake for six days and seven nights. Gilgamesh falls asleep, and Utnapishtim instructs his wife to bake a loaf of bread on each of the days he is asleep, so that he cannot deny his failure to keep awake. Gilgamesh, who is seeking to overcome death, cannot even conquer sleep. After instructing Urshanabi the ferryman to wash Gilgamesh, and clothe him in royal robes, they depart for Uruk. As they are leaving, Utnapishtim's wife asks her husband to offer a parting gift. Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh that at the bottom of the sea there lives a boxthorn-like plant that will make him young again. Gilgamesh, by binding stones to his feet so he can walk on the bottom, manages to obtain the plant. Gilgamesh proposes to investigate if the plant has the hypothesized rejuvenation ability by testing it on an old man once he returns to Uruk.[27] When Gilgamesh stops to bathe, it is stolen by a serpent, who sheds its skin as it departs. Gilgamesh weeps at the futility of his efforts, because he has now lost all chance of immortality. He returns to Uruk, where the sight of its massive walls prompts him to praise this enduring work to Urshanabi.”

>> Did anons notice the “pitch and the bitumen”? I want anons to stop a bit here and think really deep: back when this Epic poem was written, the people writing it, they knew about using bitumen to coat boats to seal them with. This confirms my findings about the Kuphar = The Sumerians, the Akkadians and the rest that followed, they all knew about using this technic to keep the water from entering the kuphar – Mostly the SUMERIANS.

The notables:

1 – The gods decided to send a great flood.

2 – To save Utnapishtim the god Ea told him to build a boat with precise dimensions.

3 – It was sealed with pitch and bitumen.

4 – His entire family went aboard together with his craftsmen and “all the animals of the fields”.

5 – Violent storm caused the gods to retreat to Heaven.

6 – The storm lasted 6 days and nights.

7 – After which “all the human beings turned to clay”.

8 – Utnapishtim’s boat lodges a mountain.

9 – Utnapishtim offers a sacrifice to the gods.

10 – Utnapishtim and his wife are rewarded with eternal life by Enlil.

11 - This account largely matches the flood story that concludes the Epic of Atra-Hasis.

- Page 39 –

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c9a558  No.9290516

File: b6e27ea93178dfc⋯.jpg (251.95 KB, 800x905, 160:181, British_Museum_Flood_Table….jpg)

>>9290492

(Please read from the start)

Now checking the flood myth for more details and reading the translation of the text itself:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilgamesh_flood_myth

“The Gilgamesh flood myth is a flood myth in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Many scholars believe that the flood myth was added to Tablet XI in the "standard version" of the Gilgamesh Epic by an editor who used the flood story from the Epic of Atrahasis.[1] A short reference to the flood myth is also present in the much older Sumerian Gilgamesh poems, from which the later Babylonian versions drew much of their inspiration and subject matter.”

“Gilgamesh’s supposed historical reign is believed to have been approximately 2700 BCE,[2] shortly before the earliest known written stories. The discovery of artifacts associated with Aga and Enmebaragesi of Kish, two other kings named in the stories, has lent credibility to the historical existence of Gilgamesh.[3]

The earliest Sumerian Gilgamesh poems date from as early as the Third dynasty of Ur (2100–2000 BCE).[4] One of these poems mentions Gilgamesh’s journey to meet the flood hero, as well as a short version of the flood story.[5] The earliest Akkadian versions of the unified epic are dated to ca. 2000–1500 BCE.[6] Due to the fragmentary nature of these Old Babylonian versions, it is unclear whether they included an expanded account of the flood myth; although one fragment definitely includes the story of Gilgamesh's journey to meet Utnapishtim. The "standard" Akkadian version included a long version of the story and was edited by Sin-liqe-unninni,[7] who lived sometime between 1300 and 1000 BCE.”

Anons, please read VERY CAREFULLY.

“Lines 1-203, Tablet XI [8] (note: with supplemental sub-titles and line numbers added for clarity)

Ea leaks the secret plan

1. Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh a secret story that begins in the old city of Shuruppak on the banks of the Euphrates River.

2. The "great gods" Anu, Enlil, Ninurta, Ennugi, and Ea were sworn to secrecy about their plan to cause the flood.

3. But the god Ea (Sumerian god Enki) repeated the plan to Utnapishtim through a reed wall in a reed house.

4. Ea commanded Utnapishtim to demolish his house and build a boat, regardless of the cost, to keep living beings alive.

5. The boat must have equal dimensions with corresponding width and length and be covered over like Apsu boats.

6. Utnapishtim promised to do what Ea commanded.

7. He asked Ea what he should say to the city elders and the population.

8. Ea tells him to say that Enlil has rejected him and he can no longer reside in the city or set foot in Enlil's territory.

9. He should also say that he will go down to the Apsu "to live with my lord Ea".

10. Note: 'Apsu' can refer to a fresh water marsh near the temple of Ea/Enki at the city of Eridu.[9]

Building and launching the boat

1. Carpenters, reed workers, and other people assembled one morning.

2. [missing lines]

3. Five days later, Utnapishtim laid out the exterior walls of the boat of 120 cubits.

4. The sides of the superstructure had equal lengths of 120 cubits. He also made a drawing of the interior structure.

5. The boat had six decks [?] divided into seven and nine compartments.

6. Water plugs were driven into the middle part.

7. Punting poles and other necessary things were laid in.

8. Three times 3,600 units of raw bitumen were melted in a kiln and three times 3,600 units of oil were used in addition to two times 3,600 units of oil that were stored in the boat.

9. Oxen and sheep were slaughtered and ale, beer, oil, and wine were distributed to the workmen, like at a new year's festival.

10. When the boat was finished, the launching was very difficult. A runway of poles was used to slide the boat into the water.

11. Two-thirds of the boat was in the water.

12. Utnapishtim loaded his silver and gold into the boat.

13. He loaded "all the living beings that I had."

14. His relatives and craftsmen, and "all the beasts and animals of the field" boarded the boat.

15. The time arrived, as stated by the god Shamash, to seal the entry door.”

- Page 40 –

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c9a558  No.9290529

>>9290516

(Please read from the start)

“The storm

1. Early in the morning at dawn a black cloud arose from the horizon.

2. The weather was frightful.

3. Utnapishtim boarded the boat and entrusted the boat and its contents to his boatmaster Puzurammurri who sealed the entry.

4. The thunder god Adad rumbled in the cloud and storm gods Shullar and Hanish went over mountains and land.

5. Erragal pulled out the mooring poles and the dikes overflowed.

6. The Annunnaki gods lit up the land with their lightning.

7. There was stunned shock at Adad's deeds which turned everything to blackness. The land was shattered like a pot.

8. All day long the south wind blew rapidly and the water overwhelmed the people like an attack.

9. No one could see his fellows. They could not recognize each other in the torrent.

10. The gods were frightened by the flood, and retreated up to the Anu heaven. They cowered like dogs lying by the outer wall.

11. Ishtar shrieked like a woman in childbirth.

12. The Mistress of the gods wailed that the old days had turned to clay because "I said evil things in the Assembly of the Gods, ordering a catastrophe to destroy my people who fill the sea like fish."

13. The other gods were weeping with her and sat sobbing with grief, their lips burning, parched with thirst.

14. The flood and wind lasted six days and six nights, flattening the land.

15. On the seventh day, the storm was pounding [intermittently?] like a woman in labor."

“Calm after the storm

1. The sea calmed and the whirlwind and flood stopped. All day long there was quiet. All humans had turned to clay.

2. The terrain was as flat as a roof top. Utnapishtim opened a window and felt fresh air on his face.

3. He fell to his knees and sat weeping, tears streaming down his face. He looked for coastlines at the horizon and saw a region of land.

4. The boat lodged firmly on mount Nimush which held the boat for several days, allowing no swaying.

5. On the seventh day he released a dove that flew away, but came back to him. He released a swallow, but it also came back to him.

6. He released a raven which was able to eat and scratch, and did not circle back to the boat.

7. He then sent his livestock out in various directions.

The sacrifice

1. He sacrificed a sheep and offered incense at a mountainous ziggurat where he placed 14 sacrificial vessels and poured reeds, cedar, and myrtle into the fire.

2. The gods smelled the sweet odor of the sacrificial animal and gathered like flies over the sacrifice.

3. Then the great goddess arrived, lifted up her flies (beads), and said

4. "Ye gods, as surely as I shall not forget this lapis lazuli [amulet] around my neck, I shall be mindful of these days and never forget them! The gods may come to the sacrificial offering. But Enlil may not come, because he brought about the flood and annihilated my people without considering [the consequences]."

5. When Enlil arrived, he saw the boat and became furious at the Igigi gods. He said "Where did a living being escape? No man was to survive the annihilation!"

6. Ninurta spoke to Enlil saying "Who else but Ea could do such a thing? It is Ea who knew all of our plans."

7. Ea spoke to Enlil saying "It was you, the Sage of the Gods. How could you bring about a flood without consideration?"

8. Ea then accuses Enlil of sending a disproportionate punishment, and reminds him of the need for compassion.

9. Ea denies leaking the god's secret plan to Atrahasis (= Utnapishtim), admitting only sending him a dream and deflecting Enlil's attention to the flood hero.

- Page 41 –

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c9a558  No.9290539

>>9290529

(Please read from the start)

“The flood hero and his wife are granted immortality and transported far away

1. Enlil then boards a boat and grasping Utnapishtim's hand, helps him and his wife aboard where they kneel. Standing between Utnapishtim and his wife, he touches their foreheads and blesses them. "Formerly Utnapishtim was a human being, but now he and his wife have become gods like us. Let Utnapishtim reside far away, at the mouth of the rivers."

2. Utnapishtim and his wife are transported and settled at the "mouth of the rivers".

The notables:

1- Tablet XI in the “standard version” of the Gilgamesh epic was added by an editor who used the flood story from the epic of Atrahasis.

2- The earliest Sumerian Gilgamesh poem date from as early as the Third Dynasty of Ur (2100-2000 B.C.).

3- Five great gods: Anu, Enlil, Ninurta, Ennugi, and Ea (Enki) planned to cause the flood.

4- “Carpenters, reed workers, and other people assembled one morning”.

5- The exterior walls of the boat are of 120 cubits; as well as “the sides of the superstructure had equal lengths”.

6- “The boat had six decks [?] divided into seven and nine compartments”.

7- Bitumen and oil were used.

8- “Utnapishtim loaded his silver and gold into the boat”.

9- “Early in the morning at dawn a black cloud arose from the horizon”.

10- “The Annunnaki gods lit up the land with their lightning”

11- “There was stunned shock at Adad's deeds which turned everything to blackness. The land was shattered like a pot”.

12- “The Mistress of the gods wailed that the old days had turned to clay because "I said evil things in the Assembly of the Gods, ordering a catastrophe to destroy my people who fill the sea like fish."

13- “The whirlwind and flood stopped”.

14- “The terrain was flat as a roof top”.

15- “The boat lodged firmly on mount Nimush”.

16- “He sacrificed a sheep and offered incense at a mountainous ziggurat where he placed 14 sacrificial vessels and poured reeds, cedar, and myrtle into the fire”.

17- “Enlil then boards a boat".

18- “Utnapishtim and his wife are transported and settled at the "mouth of the rivers".

Those notables will be needed later on.

Of course, the next thing I did was to check the Epic of Atra-Hasis.

- Page 42 –

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c9a558  No.9290555

>>9290539

(Please read from the start)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atra-Hasis

I’m not going to bother anons with copy/paste pages of the flood in this one, since it’s very similar to the Epic of Gilgamesh. I’m just going to highlight a few notable points:

The notables:

1 – Contains a “Creation myth”. Very interesting. Very.

“Tablet I contains a creation myth about the Sumerian gods Anu, Enlil, and Enki, gods of sky, wind, and water, “when gods were in the ways of men” according to its incipit. Following the Cleromancy (casting of lots), sky is ruled by Anu, earth by Enlil, and the freshwater sea by Enki. Enlil assigned junior divines[7] to do farm labor and maintain the rivers and canals, but after forty years the lesser gods or dingirs rebelled and refused to do strenuous labor. Instead of punishing the rebels, Enki, who is also the kind, wise counselor of the gods, suggested that humans be created to do the work. The mother goddess Mami is assigned the task of creating humans by shaping clay figurines mixed with the flesh and blood of the slain god Geshtu-E, “a god who had intelligence” (his name means “ear” or “wisdom”).[8] All the gods in turn spit upon the clay. After 10 months, a specially-made womb breaks open and humans are born. Tablet I continues with legends about overpopulation and plagues. Atrahasis is mentioned at the end of Tablet I.”

“Tablet II begins with more overpopulation of humans and the god Enlil sending first famine and drought at formulaic intervals of 1200 years to reduce the population. In this epic Enlil is depicted as a cruel, capricious god while Enki is depicted as a kind, helpful god, perhaps because priests of Enki were writing and copying the story. Tablet II is mostly damaged, but ends with Enlil's decision to destroy humankind with a flood and Enki bound by an oath to keep the plan secret.”

2 – After 7 days the flood ends.

3 – We have the name of Utnapishtim’s father = “Utnapishtim, who is said to be the son of Ubara-Tutu, king of Shuruppak”.

4 – Possible genealogy of Atra-Hasis : “However, tablet WB-62 lists a different chronology. In it, Atrahasis is listed as a ruler of Shuruppak and a gudug priest, who was preceded by his father Shuruppak, who is in turn preceded by his father Ubara-Tutu, as in The Instructions of Shuruppak. This tablet is unique in that it mentions both Shuruppak and Atrahasis”.

5 – What was Atra-Hasis doing when the flood began= “For example, according to Atrahasis III ii.40–47, the flood hero was at a banquet when the storm and flood began: "He invited his people…to a banquet…He sent his family on board. They ate and they drank. But he (Atrahasis) was in and out. He could not sit, could not crouch, for his heart was broken and he was vomiting gall."

These are very interesting details anons.

- Page 43 –

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632260  No.9296407

>>9256454

>>9257387

It should be no surprise at all that the Catholic church is not joining the search.

They have written record it landed somewhere else.

(And besides that, when was Turkey allowing foreigners, who have good contacts with Armenian and Russian orthodox, to enter and survey near it's eastern border?)

Both the Septuagint and the Masoretic text state in Genesis 11:2, which is just after the story of Noah's ark and the genealogy of his offspring, that the people went westward and settled in the plain of Shinar.

Septuagint, Douay Rheims translation:

"And when they removed from the east, they found a plain in the land of Sennaar, and dwelt in it." (http://drbo.org/chapter/01011.htm)

Masoretic, King James translation:

"And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there." (https://biblehub.com/kjv/genesis/11.htm)

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e9680a  No.9307762

>>9290555

(Please read from the start)

Of course, I took a quick look at Ubara-Tutu:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubara-Tutu

“Ubara-tutu (or Ubartutu) of Shuruppak was the last antediluvian king of Sumer. He was said to have reigned for 18,600 years (5 sars and 1 ner). He was the son of En-men-dur-ana, a Sumerian mythological figure often compared to Enoch, as he entered heaven without dying. Ubara-Tutu was the king of Sumer until a flood swept over his land, like Emperor Yao and Methuselah.[1]

After the deluge, the kingship was reestablished in the northern city of Kish, according to the Sumerian king list.”

>> Then anons I checked the father of Ubara-Tutu:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/En-men-dur-ana

“En-men-dur-ana (also Emmeduranki) of Sippar was an ancient Sumerian king, whose name appears in the Sumerian King List as the seventh pre-dynastic king of Sumer (before ca. 2900 BC). He was said to have reigned for 43,200 years.”

“His name means "chief of the powers of Dur-an-ki", while "Dur-an-ki" in turn means "the meeting-place of heaven and earth" (literally "bond of above and below").”

“En-men-dur-ana's city Sippar was associated with the worship of the sun-god Utu, later called Shamash in the Semitic language. Sumerian and Babylonian literature attributed the founding of Sippar to Utu.”

“A myth written in a Semitic language tells of Emmeduranki, subsequently being taken to heaven by the gods Shamash and Adad, and taught the secrets of heaven and of earth. In particular, Emmeduranki was taught arts of divination, such as how to inspect oil on water and how to discern messages in the liver of animals and several other divine secrets.

En-men-dur-ana, held significance among the Pre-Sumerians as he was the ancestor from whom all priests of the Sun God had to be able to trace descent”.

- Page 44 –

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e9680a  No.9307767

File: 9db8501fff69020⋯.jpg (228.89 KB, 713x715, 713:715, Sumer_map.jpg)

>>9307762

(Please read from the start)

“He is sometimes linked to the Biblical patriarch Enoch, due to the following associations between Enoch in the Genesis genealogies and En-men-dur-ana in the Sumerian King List:[10] Both people are the 7th name in a list of ante-diluvian patriarchs with long lifespans. En-men-dur-ana is associated with Sippar (which was associated with sun worship), while Enoch's lifespan is 365 years, which is the same as the number of days in a solar year (365 days).”

>>Back then anons, I didn’t realize how important these few lines are about En-men-dur-ana and Ubara-Tutu. If interested, please take note. And I want to draw attention to how they “associated” the “Enoch” idea to En-men-dur-ana even though there is nothing “concrete” that truly links them together. Number 7 pops up again and again.

A quick reading of Shuruppak:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuruppak

“Shuruppak became a grain storage and distribution city and had more silos than any other Sumerian city. The earliest excavated levels at Shuruppak date to the Jemdet Nasr period about 3000 BC; it was abandoned shortly after 2000 BC. Erich Schmidt found one Isin-Larsa cylinder seal and several pottery plaques which may date to early in the second millennium BC.[5] Surface finds are predominantly Early Dynastic”.

>> The notables are the date = 3000 B.C. and that the site is a Tell.

A look at Sippar is in order as well:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sippar

“Sippar (Sumerian: Zimbir) was an ancient Near Eastern Sumerian and later Babylonian city on the east bank of the Euphrates river.[1] Its tell is located at the site of modern Tell Abu Habbah near Yusufiyah in Iraq's Baghdad Governorate, some 60 km north of Babylon and 30 km southwest of Baghdad. The city's ancient name, Sippar, could also refer to its sister city, Sippar-Amnanum (located at the modern site of Tell ed-Der); a more specific designation for the city here referred to as Sippar was Sippar-Yahrurum”.

“Despite the fact that thousands of cuneiform clay tablets have been recovered at the site, relatively little is known about the history of Sippar. As was often the case in Mesopotamia, it was part of a pair of cities, separated by a river. Sippar was on the east side of the Euphrates, while its sister city, Sippar-Amnanum (modern Tell ed-Der), was on the west.

While pottery finds indicate that the site of Sippar was in use as early as the Uruk period, substantial occupation occurred only in the Early Dynastic period of the 3rd millennium BC, the Old Babylonian period of the 2nd millennium BC, and the Neo-Babylonian time of the 1st millennium BC. Lesser levels of use continued into the time of the Achaemenid, Seleucid and Parthian Empires.

Sippar was the cult site of the sun god (Sumerian Utu, Akkadian Shamash) and the home of his temple E-babbara”.

- Page 45 –

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e9680a  No.9307791

File: e753c94870aeea7⋯.png (224.01 KB, 800x696, 100:87, Map_Hammurabi_s_Babylonia_.png)

>>9307767

(Please read from the start)

“During early Babylonian dynasties, Sippar was the production center of wool. The Code of Hammurabi stele was probably erected at Sippar. Shamash was the god of justice, and he is depicted handing authority to the king in the image at the top of the stele.[3] A closely related motif occurs on some cylinder seals of the Old Babylonian period.[4] By the end of the 19th century BC, Sippar was producing some of the finest Old Babylonian cylinder seals.[5]

Sippar has been suggested as the location of the Biblical Sepharvaim in the Old Testament, which alludes to the two parts of the city in its dual form”.

“Xisuthros, the "Chaldean Noah" in Sumerian mythology, is said by Berossus to have buried the records of the antediluvian world here—possibly because the name of Sippar was supposed to be connected with sipru, "a writing".

“Tell Abu Habba, measuring over 1 square kilometer was first excavated by Hormuzd Rassam between 1880 and 1881 for the British Museum in a dig that lasted 18 months. [9] Tens of thousands of tablets were recovered including the Tablet of Shamash in the Temple of Shamash/Utu. Most of the tablets were Neo-Babylonian. [10] [11] [12] The temple had been mentioned as early as the 18th year of Samsu-iluna of Babylon, who reported restoring "Ebabbar, the temple of Szamasz in Sippar", along with the city's ziggurat.

The tablets, which ended up in the British Museum, are being studied to this day.[13] As was often the case in the early days of archaeology, excavation records were not made, particularly find spots. This makes it difficult to tell which tablets came from Sippar-Amnanum as opposed to Sippar.[14] Other tablets from Sippar were bought on the open market during that time and ended up at places like the British Museum and the University of Pennsylvania.[15] [16] Since the site is relatively close to Baghdad, it was a popular target for illegal excavations.[17]

In 1894, Sippar was worked briefly by Jean-Vincent Scheil.[18] The tablets recovered, mainly Old Babylonian, went to the Istanbul Museum. In modern times, the site was worked by a Belgian team from 1972 to 1973. [19] Iraqi archaeologists from the College of Arts at the University of Baghdad, led by Walid al-Jadir with Farouk al-Rawi, have excavated at Tell Abu Habbah from 1977 through the present in 24 seasons.[20][21] [22] After 2000, they were joined by the German Archaeological Institute. [23] [24] According to Professor Andrew George, a cuneiform tablet containing a portion of the Epic of Gilgamesh probably came from Sippar.[25]

In Sippar was the site where the Babylonian Map of the World was found”.

It turned out Sippar is a very important site = I don’t believe one split second that this many clay cuneiform tablets are in the B.M. (in other words in the procession of the bloodline families) and no one deciphered them. No records from the archeological excavations because it was not standard = Really? But Jacques de Morgan, who excavated during approximately the same period, had detailed NOTES of everything he did. You can bet there are at least extremely detailed notes on the digs and findings of the excavations in Sippar, mostly if it’s true they found there Hammurabi’s code. It must have been an important site to contain a copy of the Code of Law by king Hammurabi. Detailed drawings and possible maps might also have existed along with the notes.

- Page 46 –

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e9680a  No.9307802

File: 80ba8e7fcfe7440⋯.jpg (216.3 KB, 1200x622, 600:311, hunters_show_poster.jpg)

>>9307791

(Please read from the start)

It’s interesting how Sippar is believed to have been the location where “the antediluvian records” are buried by a Noah type person. Strangely enough, a few months back, I was flipping the T.V.; which I rarely watch, and I bumped into a strange passage from a series where the actors are talking about a case and that they needed to search for information in the records from Noah’s Ark. After a tiny bit of digging, it turned out the series is called “the Hunters”.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hunters_(2020_TV_series)

“The series is inspired by a number of real Nazi hunters through the decades, but it is not meant to be a specific representation of any of them.[4] It follows a diverse band of Nazi hunters living in 1977 New York City who discover that Nazi war criminals are conspiring to create a Fourth Reich in the U.S.[5] A parallel plot element is the discovery of Operation Paperclip, the U.S. government operation relocating many German scientists (many of them Nazis) to the U.S.”

Talking about a coincidence here anons! It’s incredible isn’t it? Nazi relocating their scientists to the US; if I didn’t know better I would have said whoever wrote this has one heck of an imagination. I didn’t watch the series anons. I’m not interested in such stuff. I wonder if some anons saw this series. If so, then are there any other little “secrets” displayed in the series as well? And what marked me was this “notion” being thrown out there in the public consciousness that “Noah” (=the survivor of the deluge) had records with him and a seed bank; along with a pair of each animal.

- Page 47 –

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e9680a  No.9307841

>>9307802

(Please read from the start)

Since we have 3 flood myths from Mesopotamia and we’ve already gone through 2 of them already, it’s only natural to take a look at the third and last one:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziusudra

“Ziusudra (Sumerian: 𒍣𒌓𒋤𒁺 ZI.UD.SUD.RA2 Ziudsuřa(k) "life of long days"; Greek: Ξίσουθρος, translit. Xisuthros) or Zin-Suddu (Sumerian: 𒍣𒅔𒋤𒁺 ZI.IN.SUD.DU) of Shuruppak (c. 2900 BC) is listed in the WB-62 Sumerian king list recension as the last king of Sumer prior to the Great Flood. He is subsequently recorded as the hero of the Sumerian creation myth and appears in the writings of Berossus as Xisuthros.[citation needed]

Ziusudra is one of several mythic characters who are protagonists of Near Eastern flood myths, including Atrahasis, Utnapishtim and the biblical Noah. Although each story displays its own distinctive features, many key story elements are common to two, three, or all four versions.”

“The city of Kish flourished in the Early Dynastic period soon after a river flood archaeologically attested by sedimentary strata at Shuruppak (modern Tell Fara), Uruk, Kish, and other sites, all of which have been radiocarbon dated to ca. 2900 BC.[6] Polychrome pottery from the Jemdet Nasr period (ca. 30th century BC), which immediately preceded the Early Dynastic I period, was discovered directly below the Shuruppak flood stratum.[6][7] The appearance of Ziusudra's name on the WB-62 king list therefore links the flood mentioned in the three surviving Babylonian deluge epics—the Eridu Genesis, the Epic of Gilgamesh, and the Epic of Atra-Hasis—to these river flood sediments.[citation needed] Max Mallowan wrote that "we know from the Weld Blundell prism that at the time of the Flood, Ziusudra, the Sumerian Noah, was King of the city of Shuruppak where he received warning of the impending disaster. His role as a saviour agrees with that assigned to his counterpart Utnapishtim in the Gilgamesh Epic… both epigraphical and archaeological discovery give good grounds for believing that Ziusudra was a prehistoric ruler of a well-known historic city the site of which has been identified." [8]

“That Ziusudra was a king from Shuruppak is supported by the Gilgamesh XI tablet, which makes reference to Utnapishtim (the Akkadian translation of the Sumerian name Ziusudra) with the epithet "man of Shuruppak" at line 23”.

“The Epic of Ziusudra adds an element at lines 258–261 not found in other versions, that after the river flood[11] "king Ziusudra … they caused to dwell in the land of the country of Dilmun, the place where the sun rises". In this version of the story, Ziusudra's boat floats down the Euphrates river into the Persian Gulf (rather than up onto a mountain, or up-stream to Kish).[12] The Sumerian word KUR in line 140 of the Gilgamesh flood myth was interpreted to mean "mountain" in Akkadian, although in Sumerian, KUR often meant "land", especially a foreign country.”

>> For me, this passage is a perfect fit with my research about the Ark resting on Mt Ararat and then the survivors coming via kuphars down the Euphrates River and then settle in what will become later on the Sumerian cities.

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83613b  No.9319417

>>9307841

(Please read from the start)

“Xisuthros (Ξισουθρος) is a Hellenization of the Sumerian Ziusudra, known from the writings of Berossus, a priest of Bel in Babylon, on whom Alexander Polyhistor relied heavily for information on Mesopotamia. Among the interesting features of this version of the flood myth, are the identification, through interpretatio graeca, of the Sumerian god Enki with the Greek god Cronus, the father of Zeus; and the assertion that the reed boat constructed by Xisuthros survived, at least until Berossus' day, in the "Corcyrean Mountains" of Armenia. Xisuthros was listed as a king, the son of one Ardates, and to have reigned 18 saroi. One saros (shar in Akkadian) stands for 3600 and hence 18 saroi was translated as 64,800 years. A saroi or saros is an astrologolical term defined as 222 lunar months of 29.5 days or 18.5 lunar years equal to 17.93 solar years.”

>> This last section brings me back straight into the heart of my research = making full circle. It’s very interesting isn’t it anons? Makes me wonder since WHEN the bloodlines knew about the Ark being on Mt Ararat. Please, check things out if you are interested.

I know what I’m putting is long, but it’s important for anons who are truly interested in this research. This is why we must take a quick look, the quickest possible, to Ancient Sumer civilization:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumer

“Sumer (/ˈsuːmər/)[note 1] is the earliest known civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia (now southern Iraq), during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages, and one of the first civilizations in the world, along with Ancient Egypt, Norte Chico, Minoan civilization, Ancient China and the Indus Valley. Living along the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, Sumerian farmers grew an abundance of grain and other crops, the surplus from which enabled them to form urban settlements. Prehistoric proto-writing dates back before 3000 BC. The earliest texts come from the cities of Uruk and Jemdet Nasr, and date to between roughly c. 3500 and c. 3000 BC.”

“Name

The term "Sumer" (𒋗𒈨𒊒, Sumerian: eme.gi7, Akkadian: Šumeru) is the name given to the land of the "Sumerians", the ancient non-Semitic-speaking inhabitants of southern Mesopotamia, by their successors the East Semitic-speaking Akkadians.[6][7][8] The Sumerians themselves referred to their land as "Kiengir", the "Country of the noble lords" […] as seen in their inscriptions.

The origin of the Sumerians is not known, but the people of Sumer referred to themselves as "Black Headed Ones" or "Black-Headed People”. […].

The Akkadian word Šumer may represent the geographical name in dialect, but the phonological development leading to the Akkadian term šumerû is uncertain.[15] Hebrew שנער Šin`ar, Egyptian Sngr, and Hittite Šanhar(a), all referring to southern Mesopotamia, could be western variants of Sumer.”

>> (((They))) simply don’t want people to know where the Sumerians came from. The next section I’m putting is about the so called possible origin (origins) of the Sumerians. I’m only putting it for anons to see how absurd the main stream history explanation about this is. It gives the feeling that they are chasing their own tail and don’t know what’s really going on.

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83613b  No.9319433

>>9319417

(Please read from the start)

“Origins

Most historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a West Asian people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence), a non-Semitic and non-Indo-European agglutinative language isolate.In contrast to its Semitic neighbours, it was not an inflected language.

Others have suggested that the Sumerians were a North African people who migrated from the Green Sahara into the Middle East and were responsible for the spread of farming in the Middle East.[21] Although not specifically discussing Sumerians, Lazaridis et al. 2016 have suggested a partial North African origin for some pre-Semitic cultures of the Middle East, particularly Natufians, after testing the genomes of Natufian and Pre-Pottery Neolithic culture-bearers.[22] Alternatively, recent genetic analysis of ancient Mesopotamian skeletal DNA tends to suggest an association of the Sumerians with India, possibly as a result of ancient Indus-Mesopotamia relations: Sumerians, or at least some of them, may have been related to the original Dravidian population of India.

These prehistoric people before the Sumerians are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians",[24] and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia.The Ubaidians, though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves, are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer. They drained the marshes for agriculture, developed trade, and established industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery.

Some scholars contest the idea of a Proto-Euphratean language or one substrate language; they think the Sumerian language may originally have been that of the hunting and fishing peoples who lived in the marshland and the Eastern Arabia littoral region and were part of the Arabian bifacial culture.[29] Reliable historical records begin much later; there are none in Sumer of any kind that have been dated before Enmebaragesi (c. 26th century BC). Juris Zarins believes the Sumerians lived along the coast of Eastern Arabia, today's Persian Gulf region, before it was flooded at the end of the Ice Age.

Sumerian civilization took form in the Uruk period (4th millennium BC), continuing into the Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic periods. During the 3rd millennium BC, a close cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians, who spoke a language isolate, and Akkadians, which gave rise to widespread bilingualism.[31] The influence of Sumerian on Akkadian (and vice versa) is evident in all areas, from lexical borrowing on a massive scale, to syntactic, morphological, and phonological convergence.[31] This has prompted scholars to refer to Sumerian and Akkadian in the 3rd millennium BC as a Sprachbund.

The Sumerians progressively lost control to Semitic states from the northwest. Sumer was conquered by the Semitic-speaking kings of the Akkadian Empire around 2270 BC (short chronology), but Sumerian continued as a sacred language. Native Sumerian rule re-emerged for about a century in the Third Dynasty of Ur at approximately 2100–2000 BC, but the Akkadian language also remained in use for some time.

The Sumerian city of Eridu, on the coast of the Persian Gulf, is considered to have been one of the oldest cities, where three separate cultures may have fused: that of peasant Ubaidian farmers, living in mud-brick huts and practicing irrigation; that of mobile nomadic Semitic pastoralists living in black tents and following herds of sheep and goats; and that of fisher folk, living in reed huts in the marshlands, who may have been the ancestors of the Sumerians.”

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83613b  No.9319476

File: ef3b3a79d77642c⋯.jpg (309.49 KB, 1920x780, 32:13, Yale_University_Uruk_perio….jpg)

File: 5aff2b6140c8645⋯.jpg (164.64 KB, 756x1080, 7:10, Winged_Annunaki_Copy.jpg)

>>9319433

(Please read from the start)

“City-states in Mesopotamia

In the late 4th millennium BC, Sumer was divided into many independent city-states, which were divided by canals and boundary stones. Each was centered on a temple dedicated to the particular patron god or goddess of the city and ruled over by a priestly governor (ensi) or by a king (lugal) who was intimately tied to the city's religious rites.”

>> Please anons take note: 1 – City-State and 2 – King-Priest or Priest governor. Important for later.

Please anons I want to attract your attention to the SHAPE of the Cylinder-Seal and compare it to what the Anunnaki are holding in their hands. I’m not going in any direction about this, I’m only asking anons to take a look. Nothing more, nothing less. Simple observation for NOW.

“History

The Sumerian city-states rose to power during the prehistoric Ubaid and Uruk periods. Sumerian written history reaches back to the 27th century BC and before, but the historical record remains obscure until the Early Dynastic III period, c. the 23rd century BC, when a now deciphered syllabary writing system was developed, which has allowed archaeologists to read contemporary records and inscriptions. Classical Sumer ends with the rise of the Akkadian Empire in the 23rd century BC. Following the Gutian period, there was a brief Sumerian Renaissance in the 21st century BC, cut short in the 20th century BC by invasions by the Amorites. The Amorite "dynasty of Isin" persisted until c. 1700 BC, when Mesopotamia was united under Babylonian rule. The Sumerians were eventually absorbed into the Akkadian (Assyro-Babylonian) population.”

“Uruk period

By the time of the Uruk period (c. 4100–2900 BC calibrated), the volume of trade goods transported along the canals and rivers of southern Mesopotamia facilitated the rise of many large, stratified, temple-centered cities (with populations of over 10,000 people) where centralized administrations employed specialized workers.

Sumerian cities during the Uruk period were probably theocratic and were most likely headed by a priest-king (ensi), assisted by a council of elders, including both men and women.[39] It is quite possible that the later Sumerian pantheon was modeled upon this political structure. There was little evidence of organized warfare or professional soldiers during the Uruk period, and towns were generally unwalled.”

>> May I once more draw attention to the political structure of having a Priest-King as ruler. This is super important for later. And also, the Priest-King got his authority and power from “divine source” = theocracy.

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83613b  No.9319488

>>9319476

(Please read from the start)

“The end of the Uruk period coincided with the Piora oscillation, a dry period from c. 3200–2900 BC that marked the end of a long wetter, warmer climate period from about 9,000 to 5,000 years ago, called the Holocene climatic optimum.”

>> Please anons note the end of the warm period.

“Early Dynastic Period

The dynastic period begins c. 2900 BC and was associated with a shift from the temple establishment headed by council of elders led by a priestly "En" (a male figure when it was a temple for a goddess, or a female figure when headed by a male god)[41] towards a more secular Lugal (Lu = man, Gal = great) and includes such legendary patriarchal figures as Enmerkar, Lugalbanda and Gilgamesh—who reigned shortly before the historic record opens c. 2700 BC, when the now deciphered syllabic writing started to develop from the early pictograms. The center of Sumerian culture remained in southern Mesopotamia, even though rulers soon began expanding into neighboring areas, and neighboring Semitic groups adopted much of Sumerian culture for their own.

The earliest dynastic king on the Sumerian king list whose name is known from any other legendary source is Etana, 13th king of the first dynasty of Kish. The earliest king authenticated through archaeological evidence is Enmebaragesi of Kish (c. 26th century BC), whose name is also mentioned in the Gilgamesh epic—leading to the suggestion that Gilgamesh himself might have been a historical king of Uruk. As the Epic of Gilgamesh shows, this period was associated with increased war. Cities became walled, and increased in size as undefended villages in southern Mesopotamia disappeared. (Both Enmerkar and Gilgamesh are credited with having built the walls of Uruk).”

“1st Dynasty of Lagash

Later, Lugal-Zage-Si, the priest-king of Umma, overthrew the primacy of the Lagash dynasty in the area, then conquered Uruk, making it his capital, and claimed an empire extending from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean. He was the last ethnically Sumerian king before Sargon of Akkad.”

“Akkadian Empire

The Akkadian Empire dates to c. 2270–2083 BC (short chronology). The Eastern Semitic Akkadian language is first attested in proper names of the kings of Kish c. 2800 BC,[43] preserved in later king lists. There are texts written entirely in Old Akkadian dating from c. 2500 BC. Use of Old Akkadian was at its peak during the rule of Sargon the Great (c. 2270–2215 BC), but even then most administrative tablets continued to be written in Sumerian, the language used by the scribes. Gelb and Westenholz differentiate three stages of Old Akkadian: that of the pre-Sargonic era, that of the Akkadian empire, and that of the "Neo-Sumerian Renaissance" that followed it. Akkadian and Sumerian coexisted as vernacular languages for about one thousand years, but by around 1800 BC, Sumerian was becoming more of a literary language familiar mainly only to scholars and scribes.”

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83613b  No.9319517

>>9319488

(Please read from the start)

“"Neo-Sumerian" Ur III period

c. 2047–1940 BC (short chronology)

Later, the 3rd dynasty of Ur under Ur-Nammu and Shulgi, whose power extended as far as southern Assyria, was the last great "Sumerian renaissance", but already the region was becoming more Semitic than Sumerian, with the resurgence of the Akkadian speaking Semites in Assyria and elsewhere, and the influx of waves of Semitic Martu (Amorites) who were to found several competing local powers in the south, including Isin, Larsa, Eshnunna and some time later Babylonia. The last of these eventually came to briefly dominate the south of Mesopotamia as the Babylonian Empire, just as the Old Assyrian Empire had already done so in the north from the late 21st century BC. The Sumerian language continued as a sacerdotal language taught in schools in Babylonia and Assyria, much as Latin was used in the Medieval period, for as long as cuneiform was utilized.”

“Following an Elamite invasion and sack of Ur during the rule of Ibbi-Sin (c. 1940 BC), Sumer came under Amorite rule (taken to introduce the Middle Bronze Age). The independent Amorite states of the 20th to 18th centuries are summarized as the "Dynasty of Isin" in the Sumerian king list, ending with the rise of Babylonia under Hammurabi c. 1700 BC.”

“Population

Uruk, one of Sumer's largest cities, has been estimated to have had a population of 50,000–80,000 at its height;[46] given the other cities in Sumer, and the large agricultural population, a rough estimate for Sumer's population might be 0.8 million to 1.5 million. The world population at this time has been estimated at about 27 million.”

>> Please note the estimated world population back then.

“The Sumerians spoke a language isolate, but a number of linguists have claimed to be able to detect a substrate language of unknown classification beneath Sumerian because names of some of Sumer's major cities are not Sumerian, revealing influences of earlier inhabitants.[48] However, the archaeological record shows clear uninterrupted cultural continuity from the time of the early Ubaid period (5300–4700 BC C-14) settlements in southern Mesopotamia. The Sumerian people who settled here farmed the lands in this region that were made fertile by silt deposited by the Tigris and the Euphrates.”

“Some archaeologists have speculated that the original speakers of ancient Sumerian may have been farmers, who moved down from the north of Mesopotamia after perfecting irrigation agriculture there. The Ubaid period pottery of southern Mesopotamia has been connected via Choga Mami transitional ware to the pottery of the Samarra period culture (c. 5700–4900 BC C-14) in the north, who were the first to practice a primitive form of irrigation agriculture along the middle Tigris River and its tributaries. The connection is most clearly seen at Tell Awayli (Oueilli, Oueili) near Larsa, excavated by the French in the 1980s, where eight levels yielded pre-Ubaid pottery resembling Samarran ware. According to this theory, farming peoples spread down into southern Mesopotamia because they had developed a temple-centered social organization for mobilizing labor and technology for water control, enabling them to survive and prosper in a difficult environment.”

>> Please anons, reread this section very slowly and very carefully. The higher we go upstream Euphrates, the older the settlements we find are.

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83613b  No.9319545

File: f4f61d5b5d9f3d2⋯.jpg (118.91 KB, 744x780, 62:65, Ancient_Mesopotamia_Mt_Ara….jpg)

File: e8976a4a88d9fee⋯.jpg (198.57 KB, 800x1414, 400:707, Reconstructed_sumerian_hea….jpg)

File: 09a401dfd437c5f⋯.jpg (136.79 KB, 879x900, 293:300, Sumerian_Headdress.jpg)

File: e174cdc0d31d1a2⋯.jpg (242.49 KB, 500x1221, 500:1221, Sumerian_Queen_Puabi_jewel….jpg)

>>9319517

(Please read from the start)

I believe this is true. After emerging from the Ark, the survivors gradually started to move in groups, in all direction. This is why the earliest human settlements will be found in a more or less circular periphery around the epicenter = the Ark on Mt Ararat. That is up until a certain distance, then the survivor’s settlements gradually reached what is now the Turkish border with Syria and Iraq, among others. From there, if you follow the river downstream you will end up in Sumer. And this is what happened with the establishment of new settlements. They reached a region downstream, established a settlement there, then after a while, they continued to go downstream, exploring new lands to then establish another settlement there; and so on. This is why, when we go upstream from Sumer on the Euphrates, we discover older human settlements. The more you go upstream, the more you rewind things and find the traces of earlier survivors. It’s like the Euphrates River is one huge SPINE.

“Social and family life

In the early Sumerian period, the primitive pictograms suggest[50] that Pottery was very plentiful, and the forms of the vases, bowls and dishes were manifold […] The oil-jars, and probably others also, were sealed with clay, precisely as in early Egypt. Vases and dishes of stone were made in imitation of those of clay.”

>> NOTE: Same technique as Ancient Egypt.

"A feathered head-dress was worn. Beds, stools and chairs were used, with carved legs resembling those of an ox. There were fire-places and fire-altars."

"Knives, drills, wedges and an instrument that looks like a saw were all known. While spears, bows, arrows, and daggers (but not swords) were employed in war."

"Tablets were used for writing purposes. Daggers with metal blades and wooden handles were worn, and copper was hammered into plates, while necklaces or collars were made of gold."

"Time was reckoned in lunar months."

“There is considerable evidence concerning Sumerian music. Lyres and flutes were played, among the best-known examples being the Lyres of Ur.”

>> NOTE: Feathered headdress worn by Nobles and Royalty.

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d411f2  No.9331216

File: 9ed36bdef8492d3⋯.jpg (145.65 KB, 800x613, 800:613, _Early_writing_tablet_reco….jpg)

>>9319545

(Please read from the start)

“Inscriptions describing the reforms of king Urukagina of Lagash (c. 2300 BC) say that he abolished the former custom of polyandry in his country, prescribing that a woman who took multiple husbands be stoned with rocks upon which her crime had been written.”

“Sumerian culture was male-dominated and stratified. The Code of Ur-Nammu, the oldest such codification yet discovered, dating to the Ur III, reveals a glimpse at societal structure in late Sumerian law. Beneath the lu-gal ("great man" or king), all members of society belonged to one of two basic strata: The "lu" or free person, and the slave (male, arad; female geme).”

“Marriages were usually arranged by the parents of the bride and groom;[53]:78 engagements were usually completed through the approval of contracts recorded on clay tablets. These marriages became legal as soon as the groom delivered a bridal gift to his bride's father.”

“From the earliest records, the Sumerians had very relaxed attitudes toward sex[57] and their sexual mores were determined not by whether a sexual act was deemed immoral, but rather by whether or not it made a person ritually unclean. […] . Prostitution existed but it is not clear if sacred prostitution did.”

>> I personally didn’t find anything indicating the practice of incest nor pedophilia in Sumer, but there are arguments about the existence of homosexuality.

“Language and writing

The most important archaeological discoveries in Sumer are a large number of clay tablets written in cuneiform script. […] A large body of hundreds of thousands of texts in the Sumerian language have survived, such as personal and business letters, receipts, lexical lists, laws, hymns, prayers, stories, and daily records. Full libraries of clay tablets have been found. Monumental inscriptions and texts on different objects, like statues or bricks, are also very common. Many texts survive in multiple copies because they were repeatedly transcribed by scribes in training. Sumerian continued to be the language of religion and law in Mesopotamia long after Semitic speakers had become dominant.”

“The Sumerian language is generally regarded as a language isolate in linguistics because it belongs to no known language family; […].”

A little detour:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuneiform

“Cuneiform[a] was one of the earliest systems of writing, invented by Sumerians in ancient Mesopotamia.[b][4][5] It is distinguished by its wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets, made by means of a blunt reed for a stylus. The term cuneiform comes from cuneus, Latin for "wedge”.

“Emerging in Sumer in the late fourth millennium BC (the Uruk IV period) to convey the Sumerian language, which was a language isolate, cuneiform writing began as a system of pictograms, stemming from an earlier system of shaped tokens used for accounting. In the third millennium, the pictorial representations became simplified and more abstract as the number of characters in use grew smaller (Hittite cuneiform). The system consists of a combination of logophonetic, consonantal alphabetic, and syllabic signs.”

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4ac588  No.9343969

File: 432076f1c32cc44⋯.jpg (82.68 KB, 800x600, 4:3, Ancient_ziggurat_at_Ali_Ai….jpg)

File: 52be58b2cad594c⋯.jpg (139.05 KB, 964x528, 241:132, Possible_reconstruction_of….jpg)

>>9331216

(Please read from the start)

“Temple and temple organization

Ziggurats (Sumerian temples) each had an individual name and consisted of a forecourt, with a central pond for purification.[72] The temple itself had a central nave with aisles along either side. Flanking the aisles would be rooms for the priests. At one end would stand the podium and a mudbrick table for animal and vegetable sacrifices. Granaries and storehouses were usually located near the temples. After a time the Sumerians began to place the temples on top of multi-layered square constructions built as a series of rising terraces, giving rise to the Ziggurat style.”

A little detour:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziggurat

“Ziggurats were built by ancient Sumerians, Akkadians, Elamites, Eblaites and Babylonians for local religions. Each ziggurat was part of a temple complex that included other buildings. The precursors of the ziggurat were raised platforms that date from the Ubaid period[1] during the sixth millennium. The ziggurats began as a platform (usually oval, rectangular or square), the ziggurat was a mastaba-like structure with a flat top. The sun-baked bricks made up the core of the ziggurat with facings of fired bricks on the outside. Each step was slightly smaller than the step below it. The facings were often glazed in different colors and may have had astrological significance. Kings sometimes had their names engraved on these glazed bricks. The number of floors ranged from two to seven.

According to archaeologist Harriet Crawford, "It is usually assumed that the ziggurats supported a shrine, though the only evidence for this comes from Herodotus, and physical evidence is non-existent. It has also been suggested by a number of scholars that this shrine was the scene of the sacred marriage, the central rite of the great new year festival. Herodotus describes the furnishing of the shrine on top of the ziggurat at Babylon and says it contained a great golden couch on which a woman spent the night alone. The god Marduk was also said to come and sleep in his shrine. The likelihood of such a shrine ever being found is remote. Erosion has usually reduced the surviving ziggurats to a fraction of their original height, but textual evidence may yet provide more facts about the purpose of these shrines. In the present state of our knowledge it seems reasonable to adopt as a working hypothesis the suggestion that the ziggurats developed out of the earlier temples on platforms and that small shrines stood on the highest stages…"[2][citation needed] Access to the shrine would have been by a series of ramps on one side of the ziggurat or by a spiral ramp from base to summit. The Mesopotamian ziggurats were not places for public worship or ceremonies. They were believed to be dwelling places for the gods and each city had its own patron god. Only priests were permitted on the ziggurat or in the rooms at its base, and it was their responsibility to care for the gods and attend to their needs. The priests were very powerful members of Sumerian and Assyro-Babylonian society.

One of the best-preserved ziggurats is Chogha Zanbil in western Iran.[3] The Sialk ziggurat, in Kashan, Iran, is the oldest known ziggurat, dating to the early 3rd millennium BCE.[4][5] Ziggurat designs ranged from simple bases upon which a temple sat, to marvels of mathematics and construction which spanned several terraced stories and were topped with a temple.

An example of a simple ziggurat is the White Temple of Uruk, in ancient Sumer. The ziggurat itself is the base on which the White Temple is set. Its purpose is to get the temple closer to the heavens,[citation needed] and provide access from the ground to it via steps. The Mesopotamians believed that these pyramids temples connected heaven and earth. In fact, the ziggurat at Babylon was known as Etemenankia or "House of the Platform between Heaven and Earth".”

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4ac588  No.9343975

File: a9910f32021bc2e⋯.jpg (78.65 KB, 862x473, 862:473, death_pit_of_Ur.jpg)

>>9343969

(Please read from the start)

“An example of an extensive and massive ziggurat is the Marduk ziggurat, of Etemenanki, of ancient Babylon. Unfortunately, not much of even the base is left of this massive 91-meter tall structure, yet archeological findings and historical accounts put this tower at seven multicolored tiers, topped with a temple of exquisite proportions. The temple is thought to have been painted and maintained an indigo color, matching the tops of the tiers. It is known that there were three staircases leading to the temple, two of which (side flanked) were thought to have only ascended half the ziggurat's height.

Etemenanki, the name for the structure, is Sumerian and means "temple of the foundation of heaven and earth". The date of its original construction is unknown, with suggested dates ranging from the fourteenth to the ninth century BCE, with textual evidence suggesting it existed in the second millennium.”

>> I personally believe that the Ziggurats were not the place of worship itself but the support on which it rested on. It’s like a giant base or foundation for the temple.

“Funerary practices

It was believed that when people died, they would be confined to a gloomy world of Ereshkigal, whose realm was guarded by gateways with various monsters designed to prevent people entering or leaving. The dead were buried outside the city walls in graveyards where a small mound covered the corpse, along with offerings to monsters and a small amount of food. Those who could afford it sought burial at Dilmun.[71] Human sacrifice was found in the death pits at the Ur royal cemetery where Queen Puabi was accompanied in death by her servants.”

https://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-asia/death-pit-of-ur-mesopotamia-0010297

>> It was common practice throughout the ancient world to see the servants follow literally their masters into the grave. This was not just practiced in Mesopotamia. The best example I can give is the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Xi'an. It was believed the servants will continue to serve faithfully their master in the afterlife just like what they did in his lifetime. The servants were mostly considered as belongings, just like the furniture and other artifacts placed in the tombs. This is very different from ritual sacrifice, not, I repeat NOT to confuse with.

- Page 57 –

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67b27b  No.9364472

File: 2d4c30e1bf659fe⋯.jpg (556 KB, 1920x814, 960:407, Ur_mosaic.jpg)

>>9343975

(Please read from the start)

“Agriculture and hunting

The Sumerians adopted an agricultural lifestyle perhaps as early as c. 5000 BC – 4500 BC. The region demonstrated a number of core agricultural techniques, including organized irrigation, large-scale intensive cultivation of land, mono-cropping involving the use of plough agriculture, and the use of an agricultural specialized labour force under bureaucratic control. The necessity to manage temple accounts with this organization led to the development of writing (c. 3500 BC).

In the early Sumerian Uruk period, the primitive pictograms suggest that sheep, goats, cattle, and pigs were domesticated. They used oxen as their primary beasts of burden and donkeys or equids as their primary transport animal and "woollen clothing as well as rugs were made from the wool or hair of the animals. … By the side of the house was an enclosed garden planted with trees and other plants; wheat and probably other cereals were sown in the fields, and the shaduf was already employed for the purpose of irrigation. Plants were also grown in pots or vases.

The Sumerians were one of the first known beer drinking societies. […]It was referenced in the Epic of Gilgamesh when Enkidu was introduced to the food and beer of Gilgamesh's people: "Drink the beer, as is the custom of the land… He drank the beer-seven jugs! and became expansive and sang with joy!”

The Sumerians practiced similar irrigation techniques as those used in Egypt.

Sumerian agriculture depended heavily on irrigation. The irrigation was accomplished by the use of shaduf, canals, channels, dykes, weirs, and reservoirs.”

“Architecture

The Tigris-Euphrates plain lacked minerals and trees. Sumerian structures were made of plano-convex mudbrick, not fixed with mortar or cement. Mud-brick buildings eventually deteriorate, so they were periodically destroyed, leveled, and rebuilt on the same spot. This constant rebuilding gradually raised the level of cities, which thus came to be elevated above the surrounding plain. The resultant hills, known as tells, are found throughout the ancient Near East.”

>> I believe this practice to be much older than the Sumerians. Some of the Tells in the Middle East are much older than the Sumerians. I believe this is due to the survivors moving from one settlement to another gradually; including some of them moving downstream Euphrates River – as stated before.

“Mathematics

The Sumerians developed a complex system of metrology c. 4000 BC. This advanced metrology resulted in the creation of arithmetic, geometry, and algebra. From c. 2600 BC onwards, the Sumerians wrote multiplication tables on clay tablets and dealt with geometrical exercises and division problems. The earliest traces of the Babylonian numerals also date back to this period.[79] The period c. 2700–2300 BC saw the first appearance of the abacus, and a table of successive columns which delimited the successive orders of magnitude of their sexagesimal number system.[80] The Sumerians were the first to use a place value numeral system. There is also anecdotal evidence the Sumerians may have used a type of slide rule in astronomical calculations. They were the first to find the area of a triangle and the volume of a cube.”

- Page 58 –

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67b27b  No.9364516

File: 7b312d1292aa8ce⋯.jpg (26.14 KB, 640x360, 16:9, Lebanese_Flag.jpg)

File: c63bc986e48bfc6⋯.jpg (51.29 KB, 458x422, 229:211, Ancient_sumerian_trade_rou….jpg)

File: 8bdb87384ba25a2⋯.jpg (815.58 KB, 997x633, 997:633, Mesopotamia_Indus_Map.jpg)

File: 0f49c5308f01587⋯.jpg (260.33 KB, 1024x683, 1024:683, Carneol_Kristalle_Magic_St….jpg)

File: ca3785c893efc10⋯.jpg (163.9 KB, 800x660, 40:33, Lapis_lazuli.jpg)

>>9364472

(Please read from the start)

“Economy and trade

Discoveries of obsidian from far-away locations in Anatolia and lapis lazuli from Badakhshan in northeastern Afghanistan, beads from Dilmun (modern Bahrain), and several seals inscribed with the Indus Valley script suggest a remarkably wide-ranging network of ancient trade centered on the Persian Gulf. For example, Imports to Ur came from many parts of the world. In particular, the metals of all types had to be imported.

The Epic of Gilgamesh refers to trade with far lands for goods, such as wood, that were scarce in Mesopotamia. In particular, cedar from Lebanon was prized. The finding of resin in the tomb of Queen Puabi at Ur, indicates it was traded from as far away as Mozambique.”

>> Some of the “foreign” artifacts found are proof that trade caravans came from the Anatolian Plateau, most probably using the navigation on the Euphrates River = Confirming my research findings. The only Cedar Forest to have existed in the region is in Lebanon. Please reread the Epic of Gilgamesh (starting page 36). Up till this day, Lebanon is still known as the Land of the Cedars. This is the reason the majestic tree was chosen to be placed on their flag as the national symbol for their country.

“Sumerian potters decorated pots with cedar oil paints. The potters used a bow drill to produce the fire needed for baking the pottery.”

>> The Land of the Cedars is far more ancient than what is admitted.

“Trade with the Indus valley

Evidence for imports from the Indus to Ur can be found from around 2350 BCE.[85] Various objects made with shell species that are characteristic of the Indus coast, particularly Trubinella Pyrum and Fasciolaria Trapezium, have been found in the archaeological sites of Mesopotamia dating from around 2500-2000 BCE.[86] Carnelian beads from the Indus were found in the Sumerian tombs of Ur, the Royal Cemetery at Ur, dating to 2600-2450.[87] In particular, carnelian beads with an etched design in white were probably imported from the Indus Valley, and made according to a technique of acid-etching developed by the Harappans. Lapis Lazuli was imported in great quantity by Egypt, and already used in many tombs of the Naqada II period (circa 3200 BCE). Lapis Lazuli probably originated in northern Afghanistan, as no other sources are known, and had to be transported across the Iranian plateau to Mesopotamia, and then Egypt.

Several Indus seals with Harappan script have also been found in Mesopotamia, particularly in Ur, Babylon and Kish.”

“Money and credit

Large institutions kept their accounts in barley and silver, often with a fixed rate between them.”

- Page 59 –

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67b27b  No.9364541

File: e7b1a663d990298⋯.jpg (149.65 KB, 1024x700, 256:175, Stele_of_the_Vultures_in_t….jpg)

>>9364516

(Please read from the start)

“Military

The almost constant wars among the Sumerian city-states for 2000 years helped to develop the military technology and techniques of Sumer to a high level.[101] The first war recorded in any detail was between Lagash and Umma in c. 2525 BC on a stele called the Stele of the Vultures. It shows the king of Lagash leading a Sumerian army consisting mostly of infantry. The infantry carried spears, wore copper helmets, and carried rectangular shields. The spearmen are shown arranged in what resembles the phalanx formation, which requires training and discipline; this implies that the Sumerians may have made use of professional soldiers.”

(For those interested, more info about the stele: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stele_of_the_Vultures)

“Technology

Examples of Sumerian technology include: the wheel, cuneiform script, arithmetic and geometry, irrigation systems, Sumerian boats, lunisolar calendar, bronze, leather, saws, chisels, hammers, braces, bits, nails, pins, rings, hoes, axes, knives, lancepoints, arrowheads, swords, glue, daggers, waterskins, bags, harnesses, armor, quivers, war chariots, scabbards, boots, sandals, harpoons and beer. The Sumerians had three main types of boats:

• clinker-built sailboats stitched together with hair, featuring bitumen waterproofing

• skin boats constructed from animal skins and reeds

• wooden-oared ships, sometimes pulled upstream by people and animals walking along the nearby banks”

>> Amazing how the name Kuphar or Coracle is conveniently omitted when talking about the second type of boats.

“Legacy

The Sumerians were among the first astronomers, mapping the stars into sets of constellations, many of which survived in the zodiac and were also recognized by the ancient Greeks. They were also aware of the five planets that are easily visible to the naked eye.

They may have invented military formations and introduced the basic divisions between infantry, cavalry, and archers. They developed the first known codified legal and administrative systems, complete with courts, jails, and government records. The first true city-states arose in Sumer, roughly contemporaneously with similar entities in what are now Syria and Lebanon.”

- Page 60 –

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67b27b  No.9364558

File: 973db502ce01733⋯.jpg (89.49 KB, 300x646, 150:323, Sumerian_small_statue_depi….jpg)

File: 7c1aa557c29b6d5⋯.jpg (9.78 KB, 209x241, 209:241, Reconstruction_of_Kish_s_S….jpg)

>>9364541

(Please read from the start)

Before I move on, since we are talking about the Sumerians, let me mention this:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Out-of-place_artifact

“Sivatherium of Kish: An ornamental war chariot piece discovered in the Sumerian ruins of Kish, which is now in central Iraq, in 1928. The figurine, dated to the Early Dynastic I period (2800–2750 BCE), depicts a quadrupedal mammal with branched horns, a nose ring, and a rope tied to the ring. Because of the shape of the horns, Edwin Colbert identified it as a depiction of a late-surviving, possibly domesticated Sivatherium, a vaguely moose-like relative of the giraffe that lived in North Africa and India during the Pleistocene but was believed to have become extinct early in the Holocene extinction event. Henry Field and Berthold Laufer instead argued that it represented a captive Persian fallow deer and that the antlers had broken over the years. The missing antlers were found in the Field Museum's storeroom in 1977.”

This is referred to as an “Out-of-place-Artifact. I will be gradually going through most of them as I advance in the thread. Why is this statuette (dating back from around 2800-2750 BC) of an animal found in Kish is out of place? Maybe because the animal itself is thought to be extinct millions of years go.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sivatherium

“Sivatherium is an extinct genus of giraffids that ranged throughout Africa to the Indian subcontinent.”

“Sivatherium originated during the Late Miocene (around 7 ma) in Africa and survived through to the late Early Pleistocene (Calabrian).”

= From around 11.63 - 5.3 Million years AGO to around 2.58 - 1.8 Million years AGO. YES, you are reading correctly anons. This is unbelievable isn’t it anons? From what Main stream history has always told us, this animal is supposed to be extinct for millions of years and yet somehow, in some miracle way the Sumerians managed to make a statuette of it. How on earth did they know how it looked like?

Unless…..There is someone lying and hiding things from the rest of humanity. Unless…. Things are not EXACTLY as we were told they were.

And this is where I’m going to stop about this subject for NOW. I will get to it later on.

- Page 61 –

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c617b2  No.9372437

File: 034e000363584b9⋯.png (1.09 MB, 1920x1080, 16:9, Screen_Shot_2020_03_30_at_….png)

File: 44bfe58d4a213fa⋯.png (164.29 KB, 618x804, 103:134, Screen_Shot_2020_05_29_at_….png)

File: 20729ecc653a845⋯.png (257.11 KB, 602x794, 301:397, Screen_Shot_2020_05_29_at_….png)

File: 69a9fda9015ff17⋯.png (160.9 KB, 618x785, 618:785, Screen_Shot_2020_05_29_at_….png)

File: 0995ec4b7a2c86f⋯.png (131.94 KB, 619x797, 619:797, Screen_Shot_2020_05_29_at_….png)

Jewanon

stupid aren't (((they)))?

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c617b2  No.9372465

File: 3e1ada869f61f97⋯.png (542.95 KB, 1320x928, 165:116, Screen_Shot_2020_04_19_at_….png)

File: 55dea63221a8a76⋯.png (376.47 KB, 1322x932, 661:466, Screen_Shot_2020_04_19_at_….png)

File: c896211bb45bf19⋯.png (344.65 KB, 1316x928, 329:232, Screen_Shot_2020_04_19_at_….png)

File: 2e9da5a0721eebd⋯.png (187.41 KB, 653x929, 653:929, Screen_Shot_2020_04_19_at_….png)

File: 87aa16c88c406fd⋯.png (148.64 KB, 1279x905, 1279:905, Screen_Shot_2020_04_19_at_….png)

shot heard around the world on 11.11.18

It's trump and clinton's dual loyalties to Israel that have destroyed the USA from within.

Thanks primarily to infiltration by about 20 or so high profile (pushed by twitter) Qanon accounts who were all Israel 1st, USA 2nd.

Our little four man team was banned from twitter about two months ago too.

Take it personally, like your politicians did, and keep up the pretense on twitter, and see how fast you can annihilate your amazing country.

You are in this position, both individually and collectively, due to initially, your politicians and twitter, but by compounding the lie on twitter and not challenging it, it will be a one way ticket to hell for every human being on this planet.

Because one man chose to put his faith in the protection of a monopoly on twitter, biblical quotes and Jews more than a higher power.

The demented push by Americans and twitter to push a billionaire property developer as a prophet, within the confines of a Jewish safe (((space))).

327M thick as fuck Americans.

(Great awakening BTFO)

62M thick as fuck Brits

(Team Satan/totally oblivious to what is happening)

14,6M sneaky Jews

(Skull caps, wailing wall and jew card in the ass)

And 13 vile and irredeemable kikes

Put themselves above 7,7bn

(Bloodlines wiped off the planet)

Disdainful and disrespectful.

It’s because none of our leaders have ever had permission to kill, not In the name of God Almighty or religion. Ever.

Despite what our politicians say.

Always someone else’s fault, isn’t it?

FOLDER 📁 OF DOOM aka

Victory of the light.

For those that have betrayed, blocked, argued, threatened or knowingly concealed (done nothing, in other words)

https://drive.google.com/drive/mobile/folders/1-0QMb_G3N4NSCvIROpsNW_fjsZRLmRTU

First illuminated polymath in thousands of years (context)

Totally detached from my knowledge too. Argue with that until the cows come home.

Thick, disrespectful and vile Americans, Jews and Brits.

KNOWLEDGE

Direct link to source document in pdf format. 2,238 pages

17 year long beam of light from the absolute.

130mb

https://view.publitas.com/72234/880115/pdfs/d4f86d8e8c2117fd530ef381c5b3b016936f5ad1.pdf

One size fits all

Jon James Pratt (999)

49 year old illuminated polymath from Warwickshire

Aka 'the storm ☔️'

Aka ‘cosmic lol 😂’

Humbly blessed as the world’s top intellectual and philosopher

Never lies and is never violent

#allpointsarereconciled

BREADCRUMBS

https://www.google.co.uk/search?as_st=y&tbm=isch&as_q=%23allpointsarereconciled+&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&imgsz=&imgar=&imgc=&imgcolor=&imgtype=&cr=&as_sitesearch=&safe=images&as_filetype=&as_rights=

Emergency backup drive

https://drive.google.com/drive/mobile/folders/1du6pXkl_ZQ-87t51FH5aPEmpmchfGNYC?sort=13&direction=a

RESEARCH AND MEMES

https://drive.google.com/drive/u/1/mobile/folders/1qhE2UWiZJO9FId4Kq67oaQhnLKBuHJbSSBcCj-Cz/1U6Kfa7f0O5e_9JumXg_e8jJlduNitKEfUNszAU9U7w?sort=13&direction=a

See how and why your individual and collective actions and subsequent non actions have had consequences?

Sealed indictments and Corona virus in your fucking asses.

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c617b2  No.9372474

File: 2de3a1b4f478b2c⋯.png (457.57 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 2de3a1b4f478b2cc7c5b91cb9c….png)

File: 193b645215258db⋯.png (464.65 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 193b645215258db8842c22b4da….png)

File: a31525fd5f1c61f⋯.png (128.48 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, a31525fd5f1c61f23ac96eceeb….png)

File: d8cae827f8bfa57⋯.png (896.95 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, d8cae827f8bfa574e4f1531d0c….png)

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c617b2  No.9372488

File: 4f67309315b69fc⋯.jpg (113.66 KB, 970x470, 97:47, 4f67309315b69fc4ac3c51b652….jpg)

File: 7bd7098aa7da15d⋯.jpg (108.66 KB, 1024x1024, 1:1, 7bd7098aa7da15d76da051cde8….jpg)

File: 259e07e00069996⋯.jpg (102.27 KB, 640x464, 40:29, 259e07e00069996cfcac09243d….jpg)

File: fdbff8143d229ea⋯.jpg (71.37 KB, 640x427, 640:427, fdbff8143d229ea9cffffc1eed….jpg)

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c617b2  No.9372501

File: 020263ddedfb982⋯.jpeg (13.19 KB, 217x255, 217:255, 90352e3c70a8d180d02e5bd92….jpeg)

File: c9496caebd37b3f⋯.png (3.51 KB, 255x144, 85:48, e9ac0ab7f6d08d08acaebbe2c1….png)

File: f3f78444f3f876b⋯.png (49.23 KB, 1136x640, 71:40, f3f78444f3f876bc6b524aa6ee….png)

File: 560e852aeb4ae65⋯.png (4.84 KB, 255x144, 85:48, f8a6be7eb2148e21e6d3d08ff8….png)

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c617b2  No.9372509

File: f3d2a931e48bfbe⋯.png (126.68 KB, 1136x640, 71:40, 4F978559_06CD_458E_A025_09….png)

File: b96ebe686cd31c5⋯.png (624.65 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 8B6A801D_9C6E_4B19_9BF2_8D….png)

File: 0f165fd7f8b7d54⋯.png (373.81 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 55A9A5BA_07F2_4085_9FAD_FB….png)

File: 552fc510686c894⋯.jpeg (35.14 KB, 254x255, 254:255, 1646A474_D737_4BD1_81FC_4….jpeg)

File: b084181a1c83099⋯.jpeg (123.31 KB, 500x538, 250:269, FAFC9710_17EA_4878_B024_4….jpeg)

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c617b2  No.9372605

File: e866b5345c3073a⋯.png (280.41 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 2DB07669_8C9E_48CD_B231_65….png)

File: 4036b82b3bd384a⋯.png (488.88 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, 9380C7E6_7E3E_4445_9FD2_5C….png)

File: 98db1fcd09839f8⋯.png (202.31 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, AC6A9F4A_AB8A_453E_8FAB_A7….png)

File: 756534c5a37d56b⋯.png (150.95 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, C7BEFB15_0304_4389_A8E2_C3….png)

File: 32c9e030a44ba67⋯.png (166.46 KB, 640x1136, 40:71, E3FAAAF0_DF6A_4C8D_957B_66….png)

because i'm detached from my knowledge this time.

no hissy fit in the temple. lol

thick jews, brits and Americans have been fighting a 2,238 page pdf cut into vignettes for nearly 18 months.

FYI the team was banned from twitter about 3 months ago.

by God's chosen one's (not) lol

nothing left to decode obviously

Martin Geddes as judas iscariot

breadcrumbs are hilarious

jew bonfire on the head of Martin Geddes the Qanon/trump mole and the NHS here.

be truthful

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c617b2  No.9372690

trillion dollar twitter reach around

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c617b2  No.9372748

Bill gates or earth's most dominant power structure for thousands of years, Americans?

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c617b2  No.9372786

Jewanon

stupid aren't (((they)))?

Thick, disrespectful and vile Americans, Jews and Brits.

KNOWLEDGE

Direct link to source document in pdf format. 2,238 pages

17 year long beam of light from the absolute.

130mb

https://view.publitas.com/72234/880115/pdfs/d4f86d8e8c2117fd530ef381c5b3b016936f5ad1.pdf

One size fits all

Jon James Pratt (999)

49 year old illuminated polymath from Warwickshire

Aka 'the storm ☔️'

Aka ‘cosmic lol 😂’

Humbly blessed as the world’s top intellectual and philosopher

Never lies and is never violent

#allpointsarereconciled

BREADCRUMBS

https://www.google.co.uk/search?as_st=y&tbm=isch&as_q=%23allpointsarereconciled+&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&imgsz=&imgar=&imgc=&imgcolor=&imgtype=&cr=&as_sitesearch=&safe=images&as_filetype=&as_rights=

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c617b2  No.9372866

that is the question

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c617b2  No.9372893

wax my balls or cosmic lol?

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c617b2  No.9372910

lol

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c617b2  No.9372921

a massive jew bonfire

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c617b2  No.9372945

six gorillion in the ass

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7940fc  No.9374290

>>9364558

how about just a fucking summary and stop jerking off. make a video or write a book for people, but there's a lot of things to keep digging on and this shit wastes everyone's time. I'm sure it's interesting, but you need different versions according to interest level and allow others to dig in further if they are interested…

BUT there is a reason you're not getting comments!!! you're not conversing…so even if there is some truth in what you say, it will be lost. Until then, a well-deserved shill label is all you'll get. not my opinion, just the way things are.

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f28b0d  No.9377983

File: d7dede6a838f100⋯.jpg (184.75 KB, 1058x766, 529:383, Sargon_The_Great_Akkad.jpg)

>>9364558

(Please read from the start)

The Akkadians are of equal importance as the Sumerians, even though some neglect them because they appeared later on. I consider them as the “bullhorn” of the Sumerians as in they were more “vocal” (writing more) than the Sumerians. That is why ANY Akkadian text is important and precious.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akkadian_Empire

“The Akkadian Empire (/əˈkeɪdiən/)[4] was the first ancient empire of Mesopotamia, centered in the city of Akkad /ˈækæd/[5] and its surrounding region, which the Bible also called Akkad. The empire united Akkadian and Sumerian speakers under one rule. The Akkadian Empire exercised influence across Mesopotamia, the Levant, and Anatolia, sending military expeditions as far south as Dilmun and Magan (modern Bahrain and Oman) in the Arabian Peninsula.

During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism.[7] Akkadian, an East Semitic language,[8] gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere between the 3rd and the 2nd millennia BC (the exact dating being a matter of debate).

The Akkadian Empire reached its political peak between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC, following the conquests by its founder Sargon of Akkad.[10] Under Sargon and his successors, the Akkadian language was briefly imposed on neighboring conquered states such as Elam and Gutium. Akkad is sometimes regarded as the first empire in history, though the meaning of this term is not precise, and there are earlier Sumerian claimants.

After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two major Akkadian-speaking nations: Assyria in the north, and, a few centuries later, Babylonia in the south.”

“History and development of the empire

Originally a cupbearer (Rabshakeh) to a king of Kish with a Semitic name, Ur-Zababa, Sargon thus became a gardener, responsible for the task of clearing out irrigation canals. The royal cupbearer at this time was in fact a prominent political position, close to the king and with various high level responsibilities not suggested by the title of the position itself.[33] This gave him access to a disciplined corps of workers, who also may have served as his first soldiers. Displacing Ur-Zababa, Sargon was crowned king, and he entered upon a career of foreign conquest.[34] Four times he invaded Syria and Canaan, and he spent three years thoroughly subduing the countries of "the west" to unite them with Mesopotamia "into a single empire".

“However, Sargon took this process further, conquering many of the surrounding regions to create an empire that reached westward as far as the Mediterranean Sea and perhaps Cyprus (Kaptara); northward as far as the mountains (a later Hittite text asserts he fought the Hattian king Nurdaggal of Burushanda, well into Anatolia); eastward over Elam; and as far south as Magan (Oman) — a region over which he reigned for purportedly 56 years, though only four "year-names" survive. He consolidated his dominion over his territories by replacing the earlier opposing rulers with noble citizens of Akkad, his native city where loyalty would thus be ensured.”

“Trade extended from the silver mines of Anatolia to the lapis lazuli mines in modern Afghanistan, the cedars of Lebanon and the copper of Magan. This consolidation of the city-states of Sumer and Akkad reflected the growing economic and political power of Mesopotamia.”

>> With Sargon the Great’s conquests, we can start seeing the structure of the civilization mutate, shift from that of a CITY-STATE to that of a kingdom or empire. It’s HUGE difference in the method of ruling.

- Page 62 –

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f28b0d  No.9378039

File: 375482ac7d1edc5⋯.jpg (225.51 KB, 800x1195, 160:239, Victory_stele_of_Naram_Sin.jpg)

File: 4081ba90eb15830⋯.jpg (281.69 KB, 800x1200, 2:3, Victory_stele_of_Naram_Sin….jpg)

File: c6cd47588994c4d⋯.jpg (67.11 KB, 504x480, 21:20, Victory_stele_of_Naram_Sin….jpg)

>>9377983

(Please read from the start)

“Rimush and Manishtushu

Sargon had crushed opposition even at old age. These difficulties broke out again in the reign of his sons, where revolts broke out during the nine-year reign of Rimush (2278–2270 BC), who fought hard to retain the empire, and was successful until he was assassinated by some of his own courtiers. According to his inscriptions, he faced widespread revolts, and had to reconquer the cities of Ur, Umma, Adab, Lagash, Der, and Kazallu from rebellious ensis:[42] Rimush introduced mass slaughter and large scale destruction of the Sumerian city-states, and maintained meticulous records of his destructions.[43] Most of the major Sumerian cities were destroyed, and Sumerian human losses were enormous.”

“Naram-Sin

Manishtushu's son and successor, Naram-Sin (2254–2218 BC), due to vast military conquests, assumed the imperial title "King Naram-Sin, king of the four-quarters" (Lugal Naram-Sîn, Šar kibrat 'arbaim), the four-quarters as a reference to the entire world. He was also for the first time in Sumerian culture, addressed as "the god (Sumerian = DINGIR, Akkadian = ilu) of Agade" (Akkad), in opposition to the previous religious belief that kings were only representatives of the people towards the gods.[46][47] He also faced revolts at the start of his reign,[48] but quickly crushed them.”

“The chief threat seemed to be coming from the northern Zagros Mountains, the Lulubis and the Gutians. A campaign against the Lullubi led to the carving of the "Victory Stele of Naram-Suen", now in the Louvre. Hittite sources claim Naram-Sin of Akkad even ventured into Anatolia, battling the Hittite and Hurrian kings Pamba of Hatti, Zipani of Kanesh, and 15 others.”

A small detour is in order:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victory_Stele_of_Naram-Sin

“The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin is a stele that dates to approximately 2254-2218 BC, in the time of the Akkadian Empire, and is now in the Louvre in Paris. The relief measures six feet in height and was carved in pink limestone. It depicts the King Naram-Sin of Akkad leading the Akkadian army to victory over the Lullubi, a mountain people from the Zagros Mountains. It shows a narrative of the King crossing the steep slopes into enemy territory; on the left are the ordered imperial forces keeping in rank while marching over the disordered defenders that lie broken and defeated. Naram-Sin in shown as by far the most important figure; he is shown towering over his enemy and troops and all eyes gaze up toward him. The weak and chaotic opposing forces are shown being thrown from atop the mountainside, impaled by spears, fleeing and begging Naram-Sin for mercy as well as being trampled underfoot by Naram-Sin himself. This is supposed to convey their uncivilized and barbaric nature making the conquest justified.

The stele is unique in two regards. Most conquest depictions are shown horizontally, with the King being at the top-center. This stele depicts the victory in a diagonal fashion with the King still being at the top-center but where everyone else can look up to him. The second unique aspect of the piece is that Naram-Sin is shown wearing a bull-horned helmet or shown as the face of lion. Helmets of this type at the time when this stele was commissioned were only worn by the Gods. This stele is in essence telling the viewer that Naram-Sin is a victorious conqueror as a result of his divine status. But it also shows Naram-Sin gazing up toward two stars. Showing that although Naram-Sin is a god, a feat that was up to this point only achieved by deceased kings, he is still not the most powerful of gods.”

- Page 63 –

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f28b0d  No.9378093

File: 9811c6b59de8ec2⋯.png (558.2 KB, 700x888, 175:222, Jacques_de_Morgan_.png)

File: f2b9dd80d9f6d80⋯.jpg (203.42 KB, 1024x683, 1024:683, Victory_stele_of_Naram_Sin….jpg)

>>9378039

(Please read from the start)

“Rediscovery

The stele is believed to originally be from Sippar, but was found at the Iranian site of Susa. It was taken out of Mesopotamia by the Elamite King Shutruk-Nakhunte in the 12th century BC. Shutruk-Nakhunte was a descendant of the Lullubi people, whose defeat the stele commemorated. He also claimed to carry the stele there himself. The already ancient inscription was kept, indicating respect for Naram-Sin's victory. He did, however, add an inscription declaring his own glory and tells how the stele was carried out of the city after the pillage of the city Sippar.[2][3] In 1898, Jacques de Morgan, a French archaeologist, excavated the stele and it was moved to the Louvre in Paris where it remains today.

>>Remember him? I want to know why De Morgan was interested in a stele with a “big, tall” king wearing a “horned helmet” under 3 stars or 3 suns = at the end, the sun is a star. Makes one wonder if there weren’t any additional stars on the stele, which were damaged or destroyed. If anons are willing, help is needed here. Please, make it a targeted digging.

What I’m curious about is if the stars can be matched to a constellation or any other cosmic body. While the horned helmet reminds me of the “sun-disk crown” worn by Egyptian solar related deities, I’m curious to know if any other civilization had such horned helmets as well. For now, while I’m writing this, nothing comes to my mind.

“Narrative

Naram-Sin is shown as a god-like figure on the stele. Naram-Sin is wearing the horned helmet showing his god-like status, and authority. He is supported by his ordered troops and feared by his defeated enemies. His face is that of lion or bull, signifying his powers. He is also depicted by showing no mercy to his enemy. One of the defeated people pleas for their lives on the top right as they run from Naram-Sin. This is for good reason because he is shown stepping on the dead body of one of the Lullubi people after kicking another off the side of the mountain. He has stabbed another in the neck with a spear and is holding an arrow to perhaps impale the next. The Lullubi people are shown in stark contrast to the Akkadian soldiers they are shown as a disorganized chaotic mess of individuals being trampled underfoot by the very organized Akkadians.

A tree native to the area is pictured between the two groups of soldiers, firstly to locate the battle in a specific place, and to help frame the stele.

[…]

When a figure is shown wearing a horned helmet in Akkad at the time they would commonly considered a god. Here Naram-Sin is wearing just such a helmet and shows the viewer that Naram-Sin is in fact a god-king. Divinity is further represented in the three sun-stars pictured above the mountain top. Although there are indeed three stars, only two can be seen due to the fact that the stele was damaged at some point in its existence, effectively removing the third star. The sun-stars consist of a series of eight point stars which have flames radiating between the points. These are meant to represent the Assyrian god, Shamash, watching over the battle between the Akkadians and Lullubi people.”

- Page 64 –

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f28b0d  No.9378107

>>9378093

(Please read from the start)

“The low depth, typical of similar reliefs, is unusual in the diagonal composition (compare the scenes on the Standard of Ur). This was perhaps to create a more interesting composition or to perhaps allow everyone depicted in the scene to look up to Naram-Sin. Naram's horned helmet and much larger size show him as powerful and godly. Perhaps given his divine and godly power, the sun could have been the god to give him his power.

The text under the sun was written in Akkadian cuneiform and depicts the rise of the Akkadians over the Lullubians. Naram-Sin leading his army into destroying the last of the Lullubians shows just how powerful the Akkadians and Naram-Sin truly are and they are not a group to reckon with. Naram-Sin thought of himself as godly, which explains his depiction as very god-like.[16]. Alternatively, the stele may depict a campaign to Cilicia; the strongest indication of this is the form of the booty—a metal vessel—carried by one of Naram-Sin's soldiers. Completely foreign to Mesopotamia, the vessel closely resembles Anatolian crafts from Troy and Cilicia. These vessels—ceramic or metal—were produced during the Early Bronze III Period, which is around the time of Naram-Sin's rule.”

Now back to the Akkadians:

“Collapse

The empire of Akkad fell, perhaps in the 22nd century BC, within 180 years of its founding, ushering in a "Dark Age" with no prominent imperial authority until Third Dynasty of Ur. The region's political structure may have reverted to the status quo ante of local governance by city-states.”

“Government

The Akkadian government formed a "classical standard" with which all future Mesopotamian states compared themselves. Traditionally, the ensi was the highest functionary of the Sumerian city-states. In later traditions, one became an ensi by marrying the goddess Inanna, legitimising the rulership through divine consent.

Initially, the monarchical lugal (lu = man, gal =Great) was subordinate to the priestly ensi, and was appointed at times of troubles, but by later dynastic times, it was the lugal who had emerged as the preeminent role, having his own "é" (= house) or "palace", independent from the temple establishment. […]

Under Sargon, the ensis generally retained their positions, but were seen more as provincial governors. The title šar kiššati became recognised as meaning "lord of the universe". Sargon is even recorded as having organised naval expeditions to Dilmun (Bahrain) and Magan, amongst the first organised military naval expeditions in history. Whether he also did in the case of the Mediterranean with the kingdom of Kaptara (possibly Cyprus), as claimed in later documents, is more questionable.”

- Page 65 –

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f28b0d  No.9378146

File: 880698b494da297⋯.png (1.21 MB, 1280x719, 1280:719, Moyen_Orient_Akkadian_trad….png)

File: d82e11a4114f4b8⋯.jpg (17.53 KB, 366x197, 366:197, Akkadian_cylinder_seal_imp….jpg)

File: b816958b4a6834f⋯.jpg (325.34 KB, 1287x671, 117:61, akkadian_cylinder_seal_nea….jpg)

>>9378107

(Please read from the start)

“With Naram-Sin, Sargon's grandson, this went further than with Sargon, with the king not only being called "Lord of the Four-Quarters (of the Earth)", but also elevated to the ranks of the dingir (= gods), with his own temple establishment. Previously a ruler could, like Gilgamesh, become divine after death but the Akkadian kings, from Naram-Sin onward, were considered gods on earth in their lifetimes. Their portraits showed them of larger size than mere mortals and at some distance from their retainers.”

>> We see a mutation from the ruling system of City-States to kingdom/empires. Another evolution is the status of the ruler: he was supposed to be an intermediary between the deity and the people, then it changed into him = the king, being deified and becoming equal to the gods.

“Foreign trade

As a result, Sumer and Akkad had a surplus of agricultural products but was short of almost everything else, particularly metal ores, timber and building stone, all of which had to be imported. The spread of the Akkadian state as far as the "silver mountain" (possibly the Taurus Mountains), the "cedars" of Lebanon, and the copper deposits of Magan, was largely motivated by the goal of securing control over these imports. One tablet reads:

"Sargon, the king of Kish, triumphed in thirty-four battles (over the cities) up to the edge of the sea (and) destroyed their walls. He made the ships from Meluhha, the ships from Magan (and) the ships from Dilmun tie up alongside the quay of Agade. Sargon the king prostrated himself before (the god) Dagan (and) made supplication to him; (and) he (Dagan) gave him the upper land, namely Mari, Yarmuti, (and) Ebla, up to the Cedar Forest (and) up to the Silver Mountain"

— Inscription by Sargon of Akkad (ca.2270–2215 BCE)”

“Seals

The Akkadians used visual arts as a vehicle of ideology. They developed a new style for cylinder seals, by reusing traditional animal decorations but organizing them around inscriptions, which often became central parts of the layout. The figures also became more sculptural and naturalistic. New elements were also included, especially in relation to the rich Akkadian mythology.”

>> This is why we see “fabulous” mythological creatures on the seal’s imprints.

“Achievements

[…]. A cadastral survey seems also to have been instituted, and one of the documents relating to it states that a certain Uru-Malik, whose name appears to indicate his Canaanite origin, was governor of the land of the Amorites, or Amurru as the semi-nomadic people of Syria and Canaan were called in Akkadian. It is probable that the first collection of astronomical observations and terrestrial omens was made for a library established by Sargon.”

This concludes for the Akkadians and in the same time, our first stop in the world tour we are taking. I will NOT be going into the Phoenicians for NOW neither into Asia Minor.

- Page 66 –

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f28b0d  No.9378166

>>9378146

(Please read from the start)

Being an archeologist and researching about the kuphar navigating down on the Euphrates from the Armenian Plateau, I couldn’t help but notice the similarities with Pharaoh Egypt. So naturally, the second place I checked for the flood myths/stories in my “world tour” was Ancient Egypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_the_Heavenly_Cow

“The Book of the Heavenly Cow, or the Book of the Cow of Heaven, is an Ancient Egyptian text thought to have originated during the Amarna Period and, in part, describes the reasons for the imperfect state of the world in terms of humankind's rebellion against the supreme sun god, Ra. Divine punishment was inflicted through the goddess Hathor, with the survivors suffering through separation from Ra, who now resided in the sky on the back of Nut, the heavenly cow.

With this "fall", suffering and death came into the world, along with a fracture in the original unity of creation.[1] The supreme god now changes into many heavenly bodies, creates the "Fields of Paradise" for the blessed dead, perhaps appoints Geb as his heir, hands over the rule of humankind to Osiris (Thoth ruling the night sky as his deputy), with Shu and the Heh gods now supporting the sky goddess Nut.[2]

Though the text is recorded in the New Kingdom period, it is written in Middle Egyptian and may have been written during the Middle Kingdom period.”

“The Book of the Heavenly Cow appears on the walls of the tombs of Seti I, Ramesses II, Ramesses III, Ramesses VI, and Tutankhamun.

The Book of the Heavenly Cow was first discovered in the outermost gilded shrine of Tutankhamun; however, the ancient text was incomplete. Three complete versions of the ancient text were discovered, in the tombs of Seti I, Ramesses II, and Ramesses III. Each version of the texts was found in a subsidiary room of the sarcophagus chamber exclusively designed for the Book of the Heavenly Cow.

Ramesses VI did not have a subsidiary room. He had a shorter description of the Book of the Heavenly Cow, written on a papyrus from the Ramesside period, now in Turin.”

- Page 67 –

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f28b0d  No.9378222

File: a1722848942e0ea⋯.jpg (829.51 KB, 1641x1109, 1641:1109, KV17_The_tomb_of_Seti_I_si….jpg)

>>9378166

(Please read from the start)

“The book may have originated from the Pyramid Texts dawn myth accounts, but by the New Kingdom the idea was developed to explain death and suffering in an imperfect creation. The work has been viewed as a form of theodicy and a magical text to ensure the king's ascent into heaven. It has also been viewed as thematically similar to more developed accounts of the destruction of humanity in the Mesopotamian and biblical stories of the flood. The reign of Akhenaten – the pharaoh who had attempted to bring about a break in the existent religious traditions – may be the inspiration for the work.”

“The Book of the Heavenly Cow is divided in half by the image of the cow and her supporters. There are no visible breaks in the actual text of The Heavenly Cow, aside from the representation of the Heavenly Cow. Due to this presentation method, there are no clear breaks in the text that allow for a clear structuring of the text. However, Egyptologists who examined the text closely suggested a loose division of the text into four sections. The first section describes the "Destruction of Mankind", in which humanity plot against the Sun God Ra. After Ra consulting with the other gods, the goddess Hathor is chosen by Ra, to act as the violent Eye of Ra. She was to deliver divine punishment to humanity and did so by slaughtering the rebels and bringing death into the world. The survivors of Hathor’s wrath were saved when Ra tricks Hathor by putting dyed beer that resembled blood, which Hathor drinks, becoming intoxicated. The final part of the text deals with Ra's ascension into the sky, the creation of the underworld, and with the theology surrounding the ba (soul).7 The structure of the ancient Egyptian text the Book of the Heavenly Cow is structured into 330 verses, with half of the text occurring before a description or representation of the Heavenly Cow. The language used in the Book of the Heavenly Cow displays roots from Late Egyptian influences. Due to the ancient text containing roots from Late Egypt, it is widely believed among Egyptology scholars that the Book of the Heavenly Cow originated during the Amarna period.

The text has three images:

1. The goddess Nut (in the form of a cow) being supported by the eight Heh gods

2. Neneh (left) and Djet (right) as supporters of the sky

3. Pharaoh as supporter of the sky”

>>It’s interesting how there aren’t that much details about this “destruction” of humans but the theme remains close to the one of Mesopotamia. The image of the “cow” pops up. And my last comment = the eye of Ra is greatly confused with the eye of Horus. They look the same in most of the iconography (which is the cause for the confusion). There is a lot of confusion about the two and it has not been determined which is which. What is for sure is that in both cases, the eye is considered very powerful = the ALL seeing eye of Ra = the SUN……same concept we’ve seen with Shamash in Mesopotamia, where he was the supreme judge because he SAW everything.

- Page 68 –

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6b25be  No.9392424

File: c861304aa60ce00⋯.png (438.5 KB, 1200x2633, 1200:2633, Ra_Sun_god.png)

File: c1dbf960659c1ee⋯.png (87.31 KB, 220x190, 22:19, Eye_of_Ra_sun_disk.png)

>>9378222

(Please read from the start)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_of_Ra

“The Eye of Ra or Eye of Re is a being in ancient Egyptian mythology that functions as a feminine counterpart to the sun god Ra and a violent force that subdues his enemies. The Eye is an extension of Ra's power, equated with the disk of the sun, but it also behaves as an independent entity, which can be personified by a wide variety of Egyptian goddesses, including Hathor, Sekhmet, Bastet, Wadjet, and Mut. The Eye goddess acts as mother, sibling, consort, and daughter of the sun god. She is his partner in the creative cycle in which he begets the renewed form of himself that is born at dawn. The Eye's violent aspect defends Ra against the agents of disorder that threaten his rule. This dangerous aspect of the Eye goddess is often represented by a lioness or by the uraeus, or cobra, a symbol of protection and royal authority. The Eye of Ra is similar to the Eye of Horus, which belongs to a different god, Horus, but represents many of the same concepts. The disastrous effects when the Eye goddess rampages out of control and the efforts of the gods to return her to a benign state are a prominent motif in Egyptian mythology.

The Eye of Ra was involved in many areas of ancient Egyptian religion, including in the cults of the many goddesses who are equated with it. Its life-giving power was celebrated in temple rituals, and its dangerous aspect was invoked in the protection of the pharaoh, of sacred places, and of ordinary people and their homes.”

“The Egyptians often referred to the sun and the moon as the "eyes” of particular gods. The right eye of the god Horus, for instance, was equated with the sun, and his left eye equated with the moon. At times the Egyptians called the lunar eye the "Eye of Horus", a concept with its own complex mythology and symbolism, and called the solar eye the "Eye of Ra"—Ra being the preeminent sun god in ancient Egyptian religion. However, in Egyptian belief, many terms and concepts are fluid, so the sun could also be called the "Eye of Horus”.

“The yellow or red disk-like sun emblem in Egyptian art represents the Eye of Ra. Because of the great importance of the sun in Egyptian religion, this emblem is one of the most common religious symbols in all of Egyptian art.[2] Although Egyptologists usually call this emblem the "sun disk", its convex shape in Egyptian relief sculpture suggests that the Egyptians may have envisioned it as a sphere.[3] The emblem often appears atop the heads of solar-associated deities, including Ra himself, to indicate their links with the sun. The disk could even be regarded as Ra's physical form.[2] At other times, the sun god, in various forms, is depicted inside the disk shape, as if enclosed within it.[4] The Egyptians often described the sun's movement across the sky as the movement of a barque carrying Ra and his entourage of other gods, and the sun disk can either be equated with this solar barque or depicted containing the barque inside it.[3] The disk is often called Ra's "daughter" in Egyptian texts”.

>> Comment: Just like Enlil who moved in the sky using his boat; from the Epic of Gilgamesh.

“As the sun, the Eye of Ra is a source of heat and light, and it is associated with fire and flames. It is also equated with the red light that appears before sunrise, and with the morning star that precedes and signals the sun's arrival”.

>> Notable: Red light that appears before sunrise, and with the morning star that precedes and signals the sun’s arrival.

- Page 69 –

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6b25be  No.9392431

>>9392424

(Please read from the start)

“A myth about the Eye, known from allusions in the Coffin Texts from the Middle Kingdom (c. 2055–1650 BC) and a more complete account in the Bremner-Rhind Papyrus from the Late Period (664–332 BC), demonstrates the Eye's close connection with Ra and Atum and her ability to act independently. The myth takes place before the creation of the world, when the solar creator—either Ra or Atum—is alone. Shu and Tefnut, the children of this creator god, have drifted away from him in the waters of Nu, the chaos that exists before creation in Egyptian belief, so he sends out his Eye to find them. The Eye returns with Shu and Tefnut but is infuriated to see that the creator has developed a new eye, which has taken her place. The creator god appeases her by giving her an exalted position on his forehead in the form of the uraeus, the emblematic cobra that appears frequently in Egyptian art, particularly on royal crowns. The equation of the Eye with the uraeus and the crown underlines the Eye's role as a companion to Ra and to the pharaoh, with whom Ra is linked. Upon the return of Shu and Tefnut, the creator god is said to have shed tears, although whether they are prompted by happiness at his children's return or distress at the Eye's anger is unclear. These tears give rise to the first humans. In a variant of the story, it is the Eye that weeps instead, so the Eye is the progenitor of humankind.”

>> This is very, very interesting.

“The tears of the Eye of Ra are part of a more general connection between the Eye and moisture. In addition to representing the morning star, the Eye can also be equated with the star Sothis (Sirius). Every summer, at the start of the Egyptian year, Sothis's heliacal rising, in which the star rose above the horizon just before the sun itself, heralded the start of the Nile inundation, which watered and fertilized Egypt's farmland. Therefore, the Eye of Ra precedes and represents the floodwaters that restore fertility to all of Egypt”.

>> And what do we see represented on Space Force logo? = Sirius = Sothis. Sirius was not placed randomly on that logo.

“Ra's enemies are the forces of chaos, which threaten maat, the cosmic order that he creates. They include both humans who spread disorder and cosmic powers like Apep, the embodiment of chaos, whom Ra and the gods who accompany him in his barque are said to combat every night.[15] The malevolent gaze of Apep's own Eye is a potent weapon against Ra, and Ra's Eye is one of the few powers that can counteract it. Some unclear passages in the Coffin Texts suggest that Apep was thought capable of injuring or stealing the Eye of Ra from its master during the combat.[16] In other texts, the Eye's fiery breath assists in Apep's destruction.[17] This apotropaic function of the Eye of Ra is another point of overlap with the Eye of Horus, which was similarly believed to ward off evil”.

>> I’m very interested in the battle between Ra and Apophis = Apep. In this passage, the Eye of Ra seem to be used like a weapon, a very powerful weapon.

- Page 70 –

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6b25be  No.9392433

>>9392431

(Please read from the start)

“In the myth called the Destruction of Mankind, related in the Book of the Heavenly Cow from the New Kingdom (c. 1550–1070 BC), Ra uses the Eye as a weapon against humans who have rebelled against his authority. He sends the Eye—Hathor, in her aggressive manifestation as the lioness goddess Sekhmet—to massacre them. She does so, but after the first day of her rampage, Ra decides to prevent her from killing all humanity. He orders that beer be dyed red and poured out over the land. The Eye goddess drinks the beer, mistaking it for blood, and in her inebriated state returns to Ra without noticing her intended victims. Through her drunkenness she has been returned to a harmless form.[19] Nadine Guilhou suggests that the Eye's rampage alludes to the heat and widespread disease of the Egyptian summer, and in particular to the epagomenal days before the new year, which were regarded as unlucky. The red beer might then refer to the red silt that accompanied the subsequent Nile flood, which was believed to end the period of misfortune”.

>> Cannibalism? = Ra eats the other gods so he can take their powers?

“These goddesses and their iconographies frequently mingled. Many combinations such as Hathor-Tefnut,[54] Mut-Sekhmet,[46] and Bastet-Sothis appear in Egyptian texts.[55] Wadjet could sometimes be depicted with a lion head rather than that of a cobra, Nekhbet could take on cobra form as a counterpart of Wadjet, and a great many of these goddesses wore the sun disk on their heads, sometimes with the addition of a uraeus or the cow horns from Hathor's typical headdress.[56] Beginning in the Middle Kingdom, the hieroglyph for a uraeus could be used as a logogram or determinative for the word "goddess" in any context, because virtually any goddess could be linked with the Eye's complex set of attributes.”

>> This is so true anons. I’ve added this part on purpose because I wanted to bring attention that the iconography and the attributes of each Egyptian deity is totally mixed up. This is due of the worship of different deities in each Egyptian city with the same divine powers. In other words, each city had its own group of deities but they all had similar or identical powers. When the unification of the kingdom took place, there were a lot of mergers of deities. This is very confusing, even for me; this is why when studying ancient Egyptian gods and myths, anons should do it with baby steps and very carefully and check out the CONTEXT and the location of the deity = in which city it was worshiped and if it was a local deity or a deity worshiped by the entire kingdom.

“The Eye of Ra was invoked in many areas of Egyptian religion,[57] and its mythology was incorporated into the worship of many of the goddesses identified with it.[58]

The Eye's flight from and return to Egypt was a common feature of temple ritual in the Ptolemaic and Roman periods (305 BC – AD 390),[58] when the new year and the Nile flood that came along with it were celebrated as the return of the Eye after her wanderings in foreign lands”.

>> What’s interesting in this part is the FACT that the EYE of Ra cult was transferred to the Hellenistic then Roman eras. Very interesting.

- Page 71 –

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332983  No.9415195

File: b3d0915f757883b⋯.jpg (126.58 KB, 800x600, 4:3, Hieroglyph_Text_from_Teti_….jpg)

>>9392433

(Please read from the start)

“The concept of the solar Eye as mother, consort, and daughter of a god was incorporated into royal ideology. Pharaohs took on the role of Ra, and their consorts were associated with the Eye and the goddesses equated with it. The sun disks and uraei that were incorporated into queens' headdresses during the New Kingdom reflect this mythological tie. The priestesses who acted as ceremonial "wives" of particular gods during the Third Intermediate Period (c. 1059–653 BC), such as the God's Wife of Amun, had a similar relationship with the gods they served.[64] Amenhotep III even dedicated a temple at Sedeinga in Nubia to his wife, Tiye, as a manifestation of the Eye of Ra, paralleling the temple to Amenhotep himself at nearby Soleb”.

>> Makes me wonder if this is not the origin of the incest practice in the royal family of ancient Egypt; when the Pharaoh married his sister to keep the bloodline pure. Reread about the Eye of Ra from the start if you didn’t understand my comment anons.

And now let’s take a look at where the Book of the Heavenly Cow was found:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramid_Texts

“The Pyramid Texts are the oldest known corpus of ancient Egyptian religious texts dating to the Old Kingdom.[1][2] Written in Old Egyptian, the pyramid texts were carved onto the subterranean walls and sarcophagi of pyramids at Saqqara from the end of the Fifth Dynasty, and throughout the Sixth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom, and into the Eighth Dynasty of the First Intermediate Period.[3][4]

The oldest of the texts have been dated to c. 2400–2300 BC.[5] Unlike the later Coffin Texts and Book of the Dead, the pyramid texts were reserved only for the pharaoh and were not illustrated.[6] Following the earlier Palermo Stone, the pyramid texts mark the next-oldest known mention of Osiris, who would become the most important deity associated with afterlife in the Ancient Egyptian religion.[7]

The use and occurrence of pyramid texts changed between the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt. During the Old Kingdom (2686 BCE – 2181 BCE), pyramid texts could be found in the pyramids of kings as well as three queens named Wedjebten, Neith, and Iput.

During the Middle Kingdom (2055 BCE – 1650 BCE), pyramid texts were not written in the pyramids of the pharaohs, but the traditions of the pyramid spells continued to be practiced. In the New Kingdom (1550 BCE – 1070 BCE), pyramid texts could now be found on tombs of officials.”

>> These texts are super old anons.

- Page 72 –

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332983  No.9415216

File: 47739c17e529db0⋯.jpg (43.64 KB, 681x400, 681:400, Pyramid_of_Merenre_Saqqara….jpg)

>>9415195

(Please read from the start)

“French archaeologist and Egyptologist Gaston Maspero, director of the French Institute for Oriental Archaeology in Cairo, arrived in Egypt in 1880. He chose a site in South Saqqara, a hill that had been mapped by the Prussian Egyptologist Karl Richard Lepsius in the prior decades, for his first archaeological dig. There, Maspero found the ruins of a large structure, which he concluded must be the pyramid of Pepi I of the Sixth Dynasty. During the excavations he was able to gain access to the subterranean rooms, and discovered that the walls of the structure were covered in hieroglyphic text.[9] Maspero contacted the then 'director of the excavations' in Egypt, Auguste Mariette, to inform him of the discovery, though Mariette concluded that the structure must be a mastaba as no writing had previously been discovered in a pyramid.

Maspero continued his excavations at a second structure, around one kilometre south-west of the first, in search of more evidence. This second structure was determined to be the pyramid of Merenre I, Pepi I's successor.[11] In it, Maspero discovered the same hieroglyphic text on the walls he'd found in Pepi I's pyramid,[12] and the mummy of a man in the sarcophagus of the burial chamber.[13][14][15] This time, he visited Mariette personally, though he rejected the findings, stating on his deathbed that "[i]n thirty years of Egyptian excavations I have never seen a pyramid whose underground rooms had hieroglyphs written on their walls."[11] Throughout 1881, Maspero continued to direct investigations of other sites in Saqqara, and more texts were found in each of the pyramids of Unas, Teti and Pepi II.[11] Maspero began publishing his findings in the Recueil des Travaux from 1882 and continued to be involved in the excavations of the pyramid in which the texts had been found until 1886.

Maspero published the first corpora of the text in 1894 in French under the title Les inscriptions des pyramides de Saqqarah.[12][17] Translations were made by German Egyptologist Kurt Heinrich Sethe to German in 1908–1910 in Die altägyptischen Pyramidentexte.[12] The concordance that Sethe published is considered to be the standard version of the texts.[17] Samuel A. B. Mercer published a translation into English of Sethe's work in 1952.[18] British Egyptologist Raymond O. Faulkner presented the texts in English in 1969 in The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts”.

>> This is a good multi-language source of the text for anons.

“Gustave Jéquier conducted the first systematic investigations of Pepi II and his wives' pyramids – Neith, Iput II, and Wedjebetni[2] – between 1926 and 1932.[19][16] Jéquier also conducted the excavations of Qakare Ibi's pyramid.[17] He later published the complete corpus of texts found in these five pyramids.[17] Since 1958, expeditions under the directions of Jean-Philippe Lauer, Jean Sainte-Fare Garnot, and Jean Leclant have undertaken a major restoration project of the pyramids belonging to Teti, Pepi I, and Merenre I, as well as the pyramid of Unas.[17][20] By 1999, the pyramid of Pepi had been opened to the public, and the debris cleared away from the pyramid while research continued under the direction of Audran Labrousse [fr].[16] The corpus of pyramid texts in Pepi I's pyramid were published in 2001.[17] In 2010, the texts were discovered in Behenu's tomb”.

- Page 73 –

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a75e37  No.9429033

>>9415216

(Please read from the start)

“The spells, or utterances, of the Pyramid Texts were primarily concerned with enabling the transformation of the deceased into an Akh (where those judged worthy could mix with the gods).[23] The spells of the Pyramid Texts are divided into two broad categories: Sacerdotal texts and Personal texts”.

>> Makes me wonder how many of these spells for the Akh are used nowadays by the bloodlines?

“The sacerdotal texts are ritual in nature, and were conducted by the lector priest addressing the deceased in the second person.[25] They consist of offering spells,[26] short spells recited in the presentation of an offering,[27] and recitations which are predominantly instructional.[28] These texts appear in the Offering and Insignia Rituals, the Resurrection Ritual, and in the four pyramids containing the Morning Ritual.[25][29] The writing in these texts indicates that they originated around the time of the Second and Third Dynasties.

The remaining texts are personal, and are broadly concerned with guiding the spirit out of the tomb, and into new life.[27] They consist of provisioning, transition, and apotropaic – or protective[29] – texts.[30] The provisioning texts deal with the deceased taking command of his own food-supply, and demanding nourishment from the gods.[31] One example of these texts is the king's response in Unas' pyramid.[31][32] The transition texts – otherwise known as the Sakhu or Glorifications[29] – are predominantly about the transformation of the deceased into an Akh,[29] and their ascent, mirroring the motion of the gods, into the sky.[33] These texts form the largest part of the corpus, and are dominated by the youngest texts composed in the Fifth and possibly Sixth Dynasties.[29] Apotropaic texts consist of short protective spells for warding off threats to the body and tomb.[34][35][29] Due to the archaic style of writing these texts are considered to be the oldest,[29] and are the most difficult to interpret”.

>> It’s very interesting how the part about “the gods going into the sky” is identical to how the gods ran away from the deluge, going into the heaven in the Epic of Gilgamesh.

“These utterances were meant to be chanted by those who were reciting them. They contained many verbs such as "fly" and "leap" depicting the actions taken by the Pharaohs to get to the afterlife.[36] The spells delineate all of the ways the pharaoh could travel, including the use of ramps, stairs, ladders, and most importantly flying. The spells could also be used to call the gods to help, even threatening them if they did not comply”.

>> “Flying”! Very interesting.

- Page 74 –

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a75e37  No.9429040

>>9429033

(Please read from the start)

“The various pyramid texts often contained writings of rituals and offerings to the gods. Examples of these rituals are the Opening of the mouth ceremony, offering rituals, and insignia ritual. Both monetary and prayer based offerings were made in the pyramids and were written in the pyramid texts in hopes of getting the pharaoh to a desirable afterlife.[63] Rituals such as the opening of the mouth and eye ceremony were very important for the Pharaoh in the afterlife. This ceremony involved the Kher-Heb (the chief lector priest) along with assistants opening the eyes and mouth of the dead while reciting prayers and spells. Mourners were encouraged to cry out as special instruments were used to cut holes in the mouth. After the ceremony was complete, it was believed that the dead could now eat, speak, breathe and see in the afterlife”.

>> This is quite interesting, isn’t it anons? Holes in the mouth? Hm! It brings back some memories from a certain convention that took place in 2016. We all thought it was for medical reasons back then. How crazy can things be with (((them)))?! I’m not saying it is or it isn’t. I’m just saying (((these))) people are sick.

There are details about the layout of the pyramids and the texts; if anons are interested in reading them for more knowledge.

“Cannibal Hymn

Utterances 273 and 274 are sometimes known as the "Cannibal Hymn", because it describes the king hunting and eating parts of the gods:[6] They represent a discrete episode (Utterances 273-274) in the anthology of ritual texts that make up the Pyramid Texts of the Old Kingdom period.

Appearing first in the Pyramid of Unas at the end of the Fifth Dynasty, the Cannibal Hymn preserves an early royal butchery ritual in which the deceased king—assisted by the god Shezmu—slaughters, cooks and eats the gods as sacrificial bulls, thereby incorporating in himself their divine powers in order that he might negotiate his passage into the Afterlife and guarantee his transformation as a celestial divinity ruling in the heavens.

The style and format of the Cannibal Hymn are characteristic of the oral-recitational poetry of pharaonic Egypt, marked by allusive metaphor and the exploitation of wordplay and homophony in its verbal recreation of a butchery ritual.

Apart from the burial of Unas, only the Pyramid of Teti displays the Cannibal Hymn.

A god who lives on his fathers,

who feeds on his mothers…

Unas is the bull of heaven

Who rages in his heart,

Who lives on the being of every god,

Who eats their entrails

When they come, their bodies full of magic

From the Isle of Flame…

The Cannibal Hymn later reappeared in the Coffin Texts as Spell 573.[68] It was dropped by the time the Book of the Dead was being copied.”

>> It’s important to note that incest marriage and cannibalism didn’t exist in Mesopotamia/Sumerian culture….. I’ve never found anything related to it, nor any hints about it over there. But in ancient Egypt the incest marriage was heavily practiced in the royal family for many centuries; while there is no tangible evidence of cannibalism being performed openly. It’s only mentioned in texts like this one.

- Page 75 –

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b73163  No.9446222

File: 5f3f297c6ec96c8⋯.jpg (50.25 KB, 376x386, 188:193, The_Sun_god_Ra_in_the_form….jpg)

>>9429040

(Please read from the start)

When reading about Ra along with the myth of the Destruction of mankind, I couldn’t help but noticing the big SNAKE of Chaos = Apep/Apophis. So I took a look at it as well:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apep

“Apep (/ˈæpɛp/ or /ˈɑːpɛp/; also spelled Apepi or Aapep) or Apophis (/ˈæpəfɪs/; Ancient Greek: Ἄποφις) was the ancient Egyptian deity who embodied chaos (ızft in Egyptian) and was thus the opponent of light and Ma'at (order/truth). He appears in art as a giant serpent. His name is reconstructed by Egyptologists as *ʻAʼpāp(ī), as it was written ꜥꜣpp(y) and survived in later Coptic as Ⲁⲫⲱⲫ Aphōph.[1] Apep was first mentioned in the Eighth Dynasty, and he was honored in the names of the Fourteenth Dynasty king 'Apepi and of the Greater Hyksos king Apophis.”

“Ra was the solar deity, bringer of light, and thus the upholder of Ma'at. Apep was viewed as the greatest enemy of Ra, and thus was given the title Enemy of Ra, and also "the Lord of Chaos".

Apep was seen as a giant snake or serpent leading to such titles as Serpent from the Nile and Evil Dragon. Some elaborations said that he stretched 16 yards in length and had a head made of flint. Already on a Naqada I (c. 4000 BC) C-ware bowl (now in Cairo) a snake was painted on the inside rim combined with other desert and aquatic animals as a possible enemy of a deity, possibly a solar deity, who is invisibly hunting in a big rowing vessel.[3]

While in most texts Apep is described as a giant snake, he is sometimes depicted as a crocodile.[4]

The few descriptions of Apep's origin in myth usually demonstrate that it was born after Ra, usually from his umbilical cord. Combined with its absence from Egyptian creation myths, this has been interpreted as suggesting that Apep was not a primordial force in Egyptian theology, but a consequence of Ra's birth. This suggests that evil in Egyptian theology is the consequence of an individual's own struggles against non-existence.”

>> Interesting how the “evil” is portrayed by a snake or a dragon in ancient Egyptian mythology. Even more interesting is this iconography of Ra (in the form of a Great cat) slaying Apep under a TREE.

Apep written in Hieroglyphs:

- Page 76 –

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fddedd  No.9465239

File: 6dcc77b668b1527⋯.jpg (49.08 KB, 400x524, 100:131, Art_et_Histoire_de_l_Egypt….jpg)

File: d2b43dc70684ce9⋯.jpg (42.52 KB, 360x499, 360:499, English_Edition.jpg)

>>9446222

(Please read from the start)

I usually use Wikipedia as a general knowledge Encyclopedia online to give anons a super quick read on a subject in general, so they can get easily acquainted with it. For quick knowledge I usually go to Larousse or Bordas encyclopedias but they are in French; For English readers, well Britannica has changed. So if anons know any good, quick encyclopedia to read from, just to get the general knowledge, that will do. For ancient Egyptian civilization, I’m NOT going to use Wikipedia.

Around 2 decades ago, an acquaintance of mine, an Egyptologist, gave me this book as a gift. I have relied on it ever since when it comes to Ancient Egypt. It’s a very well formed, quick guide to ancient Egyptian civilization, very practical, giving you the information in a very summarized way along with supporting pictures. Not a fancy and elaborated book, but very useful and practical one. So this is what I’m going to rely on to talk about Ancient Egyptian Civilization in my next part. Since I have the French Edition, I’m going to type the text as it is from the book, then put a translation of the same text in English after it.

The later periods do not interest me because they don’t bring any NEW information for the goal of this research. This is why I’m only going to put the “earliest period” = pre-dynastic era. The further we go down the line, the further we are away from the point of origin; while the other way gets us closer to the Flood and the survivors.

The first 2 paragraphs of the introduction correspond to the period of interest in this research – In French:

“Les anciens Eyptiens nous semblent porteurs d’une civilisation supérieure venue d’un autre monde. Dans la période où les peuples de la terre sortaient péniblement de l’âge de pierre, avec des cultures de même niveau, le peuple égyptien nait adulte. Très tôt, il franchit les limites des possibilités humaines d’il y a six mille ans, comme formé par des expériences vécues dans un autre monde pourvu déjà d’une civilisation avancée.

Ainsi commence sur la terre arrosée par le Nil, une expérience unique. En quelques siècles, celle-ci se développe vertigineusement, en créant des oeuvres artistiques et scientifiques très en avance sur leur temps. La réalisation de la pyramide de Khéops, alors que l’on connissait ni le fer ni la roue, reste aujourd’hui un mystère. Nous sommes encore plus déconcertés en considérant qu’avant la réalisation de la Grande Pyramide, les Egyptiens avaient une technique et une organisation capables d’endiguer sur des milliers de kilomètres les crues du Nil et de transformer la terre marécageuse et le désert en un nouveau paradis terrestre! En considérant les durées de développement des autres peuples, dont certains sont demeurés à l’ère néolithique jusqu’à nos jours, on a le sentiment que le peuple de la “planète Egypte” a deux mille ans d’avance sur l’histoire du monde.”

- Page 77 –

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fddedd  No.9465253

>>9465239

(Please read from the start)

English translation of the above:

“The ancient Egyptians seem to us to carry a superior civilization from another world. In the period when the peoples of the earth painfully exited the Stone Age, with cultures of the same level, the Egyptian people were born adults. Very early on, he crossed the limits of human possibilities six thousand years ago, as if formed by experiences lived in another world already endowed with an advanced civilization.

Thus begins on the earth watered by the Nile, a unique experience. In a few centuries, it developed vertiginously, creating artistic and scientific works far ahead of their time. The realization of the pyramid of Cheops, while we knew neither the iron nor the wheel, remains today a mystery. We are even more disconcerted by considering that before the realization of the Great Pyramid, the Egyptians had a technique and an organization capable of stemming for thousands of kilometers the floods of the Nile and transforming the swampy land and the desert into a new Heaven on Earth! Considering the development periods of other peoples, some of whom have remained in the Neolithic era to the present day, one has the feeling that the people of the “planet Egypt” are two thousand years ahead of the history of the world.”

>> Clear hints about a civilization before our current known history.

The part that I mentioned earlier – in French:

“ Naissance d’une civilisation : Avant les Pharaons.

Avant que n’explose la civilisation égyptienne, à l’ère paléolithique, la mer Méditerranée était coupée en deux grands bassins par une langue de terre qui unissait la Tunisie et l’Italie en passant par l’île de Malte. Un immense anneau de forêts l’entourait de tous côtés et à la place du Nil il y avait une chaîne de vastes langunes et de forêts disséminées jusqu’à la mer. La faune européenne se mélangeait à celle de l’Afrique du Nord; des races méditerranéennes alpines, mêlées aux races somaliennes et berbères, vivaient dans une sorte d’Eden sans frontières.

Un cataclysme indéterminé, entre 10 000 et 8 000 av. J.-C., provoque des changements radicaux: le pont entre la Tunisie et l’Italie s’affaisse, ne laissant que les îles maltaises; en Afrique du Nord les immenses forêts se raréfient peu à peu; les lagunes détruites disparaissent en faisant place à des déserts de rochers et de sable. Le Nil commence à prendre son visage pour se révéler comme un gigantesque serpent, qui du coeur de l’Afrique, descend sue des milliers de kilomètres le long de la mer Rouge jusqu’à ce qu’il retrouve la mer Méditerranée.

Entre 8 000 et 5 000 av. J.-C., de continuelles immigrations et émigrations se produisent le long de la Haute et de la Basse-Egypte: ce sont des peuples provenant de l’Asie, du centre de l’Afrique et de l’Occident, survivants, peut-être, de la légendaire Atlantide. Mais la terre du Nil devient de moins en moins hospitalière, parce que l’étau du désert se resserre implacablement et que la crue du grand fleuve efface dans un marécage boueux chanque lambeau de terre habitable. Et voilà qu’au cours du IVe millénaire se développe un peuple extraordinaire, capable de régulariser les eaux fangeuses sur des kilomètres, de coordonner les travaux agricoles sur des milliers d’hectares, de créer des bourgades et des villes, donnant ainsi l’élan à la plus vaste société organisée qui ait jamais existé. Bien pâles sont les reflets d’expériences semblables, que l’on ne trouve d’ailleurs qu’en Mésopotamie (Uruk, Ur, Lagash); et il n’est pas possible non plus d’identifier les origines sinon en retournant au continent perdu de l’Atlantide imaginée, trois milles ans après, par Platon.”

- Page 78 –

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fddedd  No.9465263

>>9465253

(Please read from the start)

“ Les Egyptiens eux-mêmes affirment que leur histoire commence avec le règne d’Osiris et qu’avant lui il y avaint déjà eu trois grands règnes divins: le règne de l’Air Shou; le règne de l’Esprit Rê, le règne de la Terre Geb. Dans ces règnes semblent esquissées les ères précédant la nôtre et dans celui de Geb, l’ère de l’Atlantide. Osiris, le dieu-roi et homme, est évoqué comme un homme d’une bonté et d’une sagesse infinies, qui réunit toutes les tribus nomades et leur enseigne à transformer les dégats des inondations en bienfaits, à repousser la destruction du désert par l’irrigation et le travail de la terre et, en particulier la culture du blé pour en faire de la farine et du pain, de la vigne pour faire le vin, de l’orge pour en tirer la bière. Osiris initie aussi les nomades à l’extraction et au travail des métaux et, avec le sage Thor, leur enseigne l’éciture et l’art. Sa mission accomplie, il laisse sur le trône sa compagne aimée et collaboratrice, Isis, et part pour l’Orient (Mésopotamie) pour instruire tous les peuples. A son retour, son frère Seth, l’attire dans un guet-apens, le tue, s’empare du trône et éparpille les membres du cadavre dans toute l’Egypte. Isis, boulversée de douleur, part à la recherche de son époux bien-aimé, par une inspiration divine réussit à retrouver les restes et avec l’aide du fidèle Anubis le recompose. Et voilà le miracle: grâce aux larmes de son inconsolable épouse, Osiris ressucite et monte au ciel après lui avoir laissé un fils, Horus. Devenu adulte, après une lutte longue et incertaine, Horus abat définitivement l’usurpateur et reprend l’oeuvre de son père Osiris.

Cette aurore, dans laquelle histoire et légende se confondent avec les images de l’Atlantide ou de la “planète Egypte”, est attestée par ce monument hors du temps et unique qu’est le Grand Sphinx.

Le Sphinx est attribué à Khéphren (vers 2550 av. J.-C.), mais aucun élément technique, architectonique, ni même de continuité logique ne le rattache à la Grande Pyramide ni aux monuments de ce Pharaon. La représentation du corps de lion avec la tête humaine renverse toute les visions des dieux, avec un corps humain et une tête d’animal (léonine dans le premier couple), et accentue le mystère de cet idéogramme colossal: monument de l’ancien peuple à son premier et grand roi Osiris, pierre militaire entre vie terrestre et vie céleste?

Le peuple élu d’il y a six mille ans se divise en deux grandes zones aux caractéristiques contrastées: la Haute-Egypte, le long du Nil qui du Sud s’écoule vers le nord sur des centaines de kilomètres; et de la Basse-Egypte, le long des innombrables canaux du Delta, qui s’étendent sur environ 150 kilomètres.

La Haute-Egypte, c’est-à-dire l’Egypte au sud du Sphinx, a une bande de terre de plus en plus étroite et moins généreuse; et avec l’accroissement des difficultés de vie se développe aussi le besoin de s’enfermer en sociétés préoccupées surtout de problèmes internes.

La Basse-Egypte au contraire est une terre généreuse, don’t la population dense est en contact continuel avec d’autres peuples par une infinité de voies qui favorisent toujours davantage les activités mercantiles et maritimes et, en conséquence, la floraison de communautés ouvertes, se suffisant à elles-mêmes, et en fermentation continuelle.

Les groupes d’habitation ou de travail se développent surtout dans la Basse-Egypte; et ils se distinguent tous par leurs symboles propres qui s’identifient avec la division personnelle de leur dieu unique et deviennent l’emblème de la famille dominante.”

- Page 79 –

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fddedd  No.9465271

>>9465263

(Please read from the start)

“Les premières agglomérations urbaines que nous connaissons sont bien celles de la Basse-Egypte, où environ 22 villes ont déjà leur “oint”, c’est-à-dire le roi consacré par l’onction de l’huile sacrée et décoré de la plume libyenne. Saïs et encore plus Métellis sont les premières villes dont la prédominance s’exerce sur tout le Delta. Métellis est le grand centre où arrivent l’or de la Nubie (1 500 km au sud) et le bois de la Syrie (1 000 km au nord).

Létopolis, née aux pieds du Sphinx, et en conséquence la ville charnière entre la Basse et la Haute Egypte, succède aux autres dans le domaine stratégique et commercial de la Basse-Egypte.

A égalité avec la puissance politique on voit croître la puissance religieuse, intimement liée à toutes les activités du temps. Ainsi, avec la croissance de Létopolis, le vieux sanctuaire qui s’élève en face devient une cité sacrée. Cette cité que plus tard les Grecs appelleront Héliopolis (“ville du soleil”), devient le pivot de l’unité religieuse et donc sociale. Avec la nécessité d’unifier les normes et les mesures pour tous les trafics commerciaux entre Haute et Basse-Egypte, l’unification des cultes religieux est profondément ressentie, du rest, par tous les Egyptiens.

Dans le très ancien sanctuaire, témoin peut-être du règne d’Osiris, était vénéré à l’origine le couple divin engendré par la mère-terre primordiale, à savoir Shou et Tefnout, tous deux représentés avec un corps humain et une tête de lion, c’est-à-dire, l’image retournée du Sphinx.

Autour de ce premier couple se rassemblent tous les dieux des autres “nomes” comme les membres épars d’un dieu unique.

L’axe du pouvoir se déplace ensuite vers la cité de Bouto. Avec le royaume de Bouto nous avons le premier “nome” de l’histoire et précisément celui d’Andjty “le protecteur”, l’homme nouveau qui prend le pouvoir par la volonté du peuple. Avec Andjty nous avons aussi la première vraie domination de la Basse-Egypte avec l’accroissement du culte agraire, c’est-à-dire du culte d’Osiris. La capitale prend le nom de “ville d’Osiris”. La royauté du souverain, comme descendant et représentant légitime d’Osiris, est consacrée à Héliopolis; et se voit mise à l’épreuve et confirmée par les fêtes du Jubilé du souverain, c’est-à-dire trente ans après sa consécration (plus tard on appellera ce Jubilé la fête de l’heb-sed). Ainsi, avant la fin du IVe millénaire, Héliopolis assume la charge historique et légitimer, sous forme d’oracle, les souverains d’Egypte.

Vient ensuite le royaume de Busiris qui s’étend vers le Sud et crée de nouvelles villes parmi lesquelles la ville-sanctuaire d’Abydos, centre consacré au culte osirien. Avec tendance vers la Moyenne et la Haute-Egypte, le centre du pouvoir revient de nouveau à Létopolis et les nouveaux rois sont élus par le dieu Osiris lui-même, c’est-à-dire par les prêtres le représentant; par cette éléction directe ces rois se trouvent identifiées au dieu lui-même: leur emblème est le faucon sacré.

Les échanges commerciaux, en progrès dans la Méditerranée, apportent de nouvelles richesses et une nouvelle puissance et les villes du Delta se rendent très vite indépendantes. Ce démembrement favorise de nouveau la domination de Bouto qui supplante Létopolis, élimine les ingérences de Saïs et soumet les faibles républiques à peine nées.”

- Page 80 –

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fddedd  No.9465279

>>9465271

(Please read from the start)

“Les rois de Bouto seont toujours sacrés à Héliopolis. Leur pouvoir devient héréditaire et seulement soumis à la justice divine; et ainsi soustrait à tout jugement, devient un pouvoir absolu. Les prêtres d’Héliopolis ont le devoir de sanctionner la nomination et de juger post mortem si le roi a été digne ou non de devenir une divinité. Avec l’affirmation du pouvoir absolu naissent aussi des organismes administratifs et juridiques adéquats, et en particulier ceux qui concernent les ouvrages publics et les services domainaux et financiers, avec les relèvements et les recensements “de l’or et des champs” et en conséquence l’institution d’un gigantesque cadastre de tout le royaume, plein de registres et d’inventaires.

Avec le second royaume de Bouto s’accroissent les voies commerciales dans la Méditérranée; c’est le début de véritables colonies à Crète et à Byblos (où l’on construit un temple consacré à la déesse Isis) et en Haute-Egypte, où (à Coptos) on a des contacts directs avec les caravanes provenant de la mer Rouge, ou avec les Nubiens qui apportent de l’or, de l’ébène et de l’ivoire. Bouto devient une ville puissante, ceinte de murs munis de tours, avec des temples et des palais, couverts de voutes en berceau cachées, d’où émergent de hautes antennes avec des drapeaux en ruban.

Le développement des évènements est plus lent en Haute-Egypte. Coptos, Edfou, Eléphantine, Tentyris, Oxyrhyncos, sont les villes les plus importantes du IVe millénaire. Elles adhèrent à une confédération don’t la tête est à Noubt (Ombos), où sont sacrés les princes. L’étendard commun a pour signe le crocodile qui souvent s’identifie au dieu Seth. La vie est fondée sur la force, l’agressivité et le courage, qualifiés indispensables pour surmonter les difficultés de chaque jour. Pourtant, les rapports avec les frères plus fortunés de la Basse-Egypte pour en obtenir les produits indispensables sont une cause de difficultés et de problèmes, car leurs infiltrations dangereuses doivent être repoussées en des conflits continuels. Le champs de bataille est la terre de la Moyenne-Egypte, autrefois terre fertinle de tous, toujours plus parsemée de centres agricoles et fluviaux qui, d’évidence, se tournent davantage vers la Basse que vers la Haute-Egypte et créent leur propre confédération sous la protection de la déesse Hathor, vénérée comme mère ou épouse d’Horus.

Cette confédération hathorienne – en laquelle prospèrent des villes comme Assiout, Abudos, On, Cusae, Kazah – subit de graves attaques de la Haute-Egypte. Mais, avec le puissant royaume de Bouto, elle remporte une victoire qui sera commémorée durant le IIIe millénaire comme celle d’Horus sur Seth. Avec la victoire des Hathoriens les villes de Panopolis et de Coptos se rebellent et prennent la tête de la révolution politique et religieuse de tous les fiefs du Sud, répandant partout le culte du dieu populaire Min. La ville de Nekhen devient ensuite le siège du souverain de la Haute-Egypte, non plus désigné par les familles des feudataires mais nommé par acclamation du peuple et avec l’appui de la lointaine Bouto.”

- Page 81 –

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fddedd  No.9465286

>>9465279

(Please read from the start)

Cette longa manus de la Basse-Egypte mène très vite à confondre le dieu Min avec le dieu Horus. Les princes de Noubt sont désormais les vassaux du nouveau roi et du nouveau dieu. Le roi de la Haute-Egypte descend à Héliopolis pour être sacré. En face de Nekhen s’élève la ville sainte de Nekheb consacrée à la déesse mere Nekhbet, avec les signes du serpent et du vautour; le roi de la Haute-Egypte orne sa couronne blanche du serpent de la déesse et sa fête se renouvelle chaque printemps avec celle d’Horus-Min. Au cours de cette fête, le roi offre au dieu les prémices de ces champs et immole un taureau blanc pour assurer la fécondité de la terre et la renaissance de la vie.

Le dieu original Seth est désormais définitivement dethrone; les temps sont mûrs pour une union politique et religieuse après mille ans de rivalité et d’isolement, mais ce grand évènement n’est pas, comme tout le faisait prévoir, realize pacifiquement par la Basse-Egypte, mais belliquesement, par la Haute-Egypte. En effet, le roi de Nekhen, poussé par le conseil des “Dix Grands du Sud”, de détache progressivement de l’influence du royaume de Bouto, de nouveau en regression du fait de la nature individualiste des villes du Delta et des pressions exercées sur les frontiers par les “gens de l’arc”, peuplades de l’Asie occidentale attires par les richesses de la Basse-Egypte.

Le roi de Nekhen, enfin, déplace la capital à Abydos (This), et – sous prétexte de la libérer de la grave menace – envahit les terres du Delta. Chaque foyer de résistance est noyé dans le sang; la très ancienne ville de Mendès est détruite; Métellis, qui tente de prendre la tête de l’ultime rebellion, est conquise et démantelée; et les dix plus importants citoyens sont décapités par Narmer roi de la Haute-Egypte, rouge aussi du sang de ses frères tués. Le IVe millénaire est terminé, c’est le début de la Ier dynastie et, avec elle, pour nous l’Histoire Officielle.”

Next I’m going to put the English translation along with supporting documents and comments from me when need be:

- Page 82 –

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fddedd  No.9465296

File: 0366e2546a87e81⋯.png (857.53 KB, 867x635, 867:635, Underwater_terrain_bridge_….png)

>>9465286

(Please read from the start)

“Birth of a civilization: Before the Pharaohs.

Before the explosion of Egyptian civilization, in the Paleolithic era, the Mediterranean Sea was cut into two large basins by a tongue of land that united Tunisia and Italy via the island of Malta. A huge ring of forest surrounded it on all sides and in place of the Nile there was a chain of vast lagoons and forests scattered all the way to the sea. The European fauna mixed with that of North Africa; Mediterranean Alpine races, mixed with Somali and Berber races, lived in a kind of Eden without borders.”

>> As anons can see, I’ve put a map from Google of that underwater terrain that is now submerged. I even tried to look at the Sea floor to see if there are any traces of structures, like maybe, just maybe pyramids or other “strange” stuff but I wasn’t lucky, I kept on getting blurry images. It’s a wild idea, I guess but the reason behind it is actually the Knights of Malta. Why are the bloodlines that “attached” to the Island of Malta? That tiny place in the middle of a sea, what’s so important about it? For those whom already know about this, they already guessed it’s connected to the Templars and the Holy Grail. But I want to know WHY this place out of all the islands in the Med Sea: WHY this tiny place out of nowhere? I think the answer might lie under water. I wish I could have found it but I couldn’t. I’m curious to know what’s down there.

“An undetermined cataclysm, between 10,000 and 8,000 BC., causes radical changes: the bridge between Tunisia and Italy collapses, leaving only the Maltese Islands; in North Africa the immense forests are gradually becoming scarce; the destroyed lagoons disappear making way for deserts of rocks and sand. The Nile begins to take its face to reveal itself as a gigantic snake, which from the heart of Africa, descends for thousands of kilometers along the Red Sea until it finds the Mediterranean Sea.”

>> So a cataclysmic event took place according to this book from around 10 to 8 thousands B.C. that ended with this piece of land being underwater. Interesting! So does this mean the cataclysmic event has something to do with water? As in displacing huge quantities of water? Something… MAYBE… like a FLOOD?

“Between 8,000 and 5,000 B.C., continual immigration and emigration occurred along Upper and Lower Egypt: they are peoples from Asia, central Africa and the West, survivors, maybe, of the legendary Atlantis. But the land of the Nile is becoming less and less hospitable, because the vice of the desert is relentlessly tightening and the flood of the great river is erasing in a muddy swamp every scrap of habitable land. And now, during the 4th millennium, an extraordinary people developed, capable of regulating muddy waters over kilometers, of coordinating agricultural work on thousands of hectares, of creating towns and cities, thus giving impetus to the largest organized society that has ever existed. Very pale are the reflections of similar experiences, which can only be found in Mesopotamia (Uruk, Ur, Lagash); nor is it possible to identify the origins except by returning to the lost continent of Atlantis imagined, three thousand years later, by Plato.”

>> In this section, they are hinting at comparing the structure of Mesopotamian civilization with the Ancient Egyptian one. By that, they mean that Irrigation, Terrain transformation, Urban development and Agricultural methods = those are the fields where the comparison and study should be conducted. And then they are explicitly saying that this advanced knowledge - not primitive - might have come from the legendary Atlantis, used and applied by the survivors. Just stop there anons and think about this deep. Then please read again this part. A lot of people, including anons go for the most obvious comparison point between the Sumerians and the Ancient Egyptians = Ziggurats versus Pyramids – But did anyone think of conducting a very deep research on the fields mentioned just now in the comment? (= agriculture, urbanism etc.). You didn’t think I put all of those Wikipedia pages just to bore anons do you? They are there to show you where you need to dig. And yes, I’ve also detected MANY BIG WAVES of MIGRATION all over Asia Minor, Middle East and Egypt in the same time frame mentioned. It’s way too complex and intertwined, I barely scratched the surface of it. Retracing and uncovering the migrations from back then is a task impossible for a single man to uncover with limited resources and time. It needs a team and funds along with international relations because of the geographic spread of it all.

- Page 83 –

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7ade14  No.9484874

File: f29501554645839⋯.png (630.5 KB, 922x630, 461:315, Rectangle_shape_on_Sea_Flo….png)

File: 4328d125eda5b04⋯.png (436.29 KB, 922x534, 461:267, Square_shape_platform_on_S….png)

File: 25158e3e5caedf2⋯.png (454.28 KB, 935x609, 935:609, Square_shape_platform_on_S….png)

File: 8bfeb59fa089686⋯.png (626.93 KB, 948x622, 474:311, Square_shape_platform_on_S….png)

>>9465296

(Please read from the start)

Before I move on, I want to draw attention to a couple of things I’ve found near Malta, precisely to the East of Malta, on the Sea Floor.

Object of interest 1 = I’m going to “pretend” this is reef /rock and say that this is the most perfect alignment of reef I’ve ever seen in my life. It’s so perfect that it made a 90 degrees angle; giving it a rectangle shape. Is this even possible?

Object of interest 2 = As I kept on looking, I found something facing the Libyan shores; ironically, facing Benghazi. It looks like an elevated square platform on the Sea Floor = like a Ziggurat perhaps? Or is it just rocks and reef at the bottom of the Med Sea? I never knew that Mother Nature can create such perfect 90 degree angles like this.

These are the best images I could get without them being blurry. Unfortunately!. Just look at the size of this. It’s huge! And I’m having a hard time understanding and accepting what my eyes are seeing. I keep on telling myself my eyes are playing tricks on me. I’m totally confused and disoriented about this.

I’m going to put only additional images of this “object of interest 2” in the next page.

This is going to take some time to sink in.

- Page 84 –

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7ade14  No.9484915

File: 2e9ff4287a9da0c⋯.png (584.23 KB, 945x620, 189:124, Square_shape_platform_on_S….png)

File: af2a0f4c6248895⋯.png (616.43 KB, 996x609, 332:203, Square_shape_platform_on_S….png)

File: e437ef992c9c70e⋯.png (618.14 KB, 972x643, 972:643, Square_shape_platform_on_S….png)

File: ad6869ab28a886c⋯.png (580.21 KB, 826x597, 826:597, Square_shape_platform_on_S….png)

>>9484874

(Please read from the start)

More images of the “object of interest 2” on the Sea Floor, facing Benghazi – taken from different angles. This puzzles me.

- Page 85 –

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89d07b  No.9502783

File: 2750d1316216b0d⋯.jpg (221.43 KB, 1024x768, 4:3, Relief_at_Temple_of_Isis_P….jpg)

>>9484915

(Please read from the start)

Let’s continue with the translation:

“The Egyptians themselves claim that their history begins with the reign of Osiris and that before him there had already been three great divine reigns: the reign of Air Shou; the reign of the Ra Spirit, the reign of the Earth Geb. In these reigns seem to be sketched the eras preceding ours and in that of Geb, the era of Atlantis. Osiris, the god-king and man, is evoked as a man of infinite goodness and wisdom, who unites all the nomadic tribes and teaches them to transform the damage of the floods into benefits, to repel the destruction of the desert by irrigation and working the land, and in particular the cultivation of wheat to make flour and bread, vine to make wine, barley to make beer. Osiris also introduced the nomads to the extraction and working of metals and, with the sage Thor, taught them writing and art. His mission accomplished, he leaves on the throne his beloved and collaborating companion, Isis, and leaves for the East (Mesopotamia) to educate all peoples. On his return, his brother Seth, ambushes him, kills him, seizes the throne and disperses the members of the corpse throughout Egypt. Isis, overcome with pain, goes in search of her beloved husband, by divine inspiration succeeds in finding the remains and with the help of the faithful Anubis recomposes it. And here is the miracle: thanks to the tears of his inconsolable wife, Osiris revives and goes up to heaven after having left him a son, Horus. As an adult, after a long and uncertain struggle, Horus definitively kills the usurper and resumes the work of his father Osiris.”

>>Notables:

1 – We have 4 divine reigns on earth = 4 eras:

1A- Reign of Air Shou = Air Element.

1B- Reign of Earth Geb = Earth Element.

1C- Reign of Ra Spirit = Fire Element – reread Ra & “Eye of Ra”- (Page 69).

1D- Reign of Osiris = not mention but it should be Water Element.

2 - What is not mentioned is a version of the myth where Isis finds her husband’s body at the Phoenician city-state of Gbl (Gubal) = Byblos. This is related to us by Plutarch, which we already know is very biased when talking about a person, but is accurate in the description of objects and places. Plutarch should be read very carefully.

The next link contains what Plutarch wrote about it in his “Morals” =

http://www.phoenician.org/isis_and_osiris_legend.htm

As for this link about Byblos, I say it’s 90% accurate in the information they are providing about it =

https://www.ancient.eu/Byblos/

- Page 86 –

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89d07b  No.9502790

>>9502783

(Please read from the start)

Here is the part that is connected to this research:

“Origins

The city began as a small fishing village called Gubal or Gebal while the coastal region of the land, which the Greeks named Phoenicia, was known to the inhabitants as Canaan. By 3000 BCE the little village had grown to a prosperous city through trade. The cedars of Lebanon were highly prized by other countries for use in construction, and Byblos became the single most important shipping port for timber to Egypt and elsewhere. Byblos was also the first city to perfect shipbuilding, and it is largely due to the craftsmanship of the shipwrights of Byblos that Phoenicians acquired their fame as sailors and "princes of the sea" (as they are referred to in the biblical book of Ezekiel). It was primarily through trade with Egypt that Byblos grew so incredibly wealthy. The Egyptians flooded Byblos with material wealth but also with aspects of their culture and Egyptian religion.

In Egyptian mythology, Byblos is cited as the city where Isis located the body of her dead husband Osiris in the trunk of a tree that had grown around him after his murder by his brother Set. The Phoenicians of Byblos also exported their own tales concerning Phoenician religion, and it is thought that the stories surrounding war in the heavens and an eternal battle between a great god of good and another deity of evil grew out of the Phoenician myths concerning the eternal war between Baal (god of the sky) and Yamm (god of the sea). This myth may have come from the Egyptian tale of the war between Osiris' son Horus and the dark god Set or transference may have gone from the Phoenicians to the Egyptians. The tale of the war in heaven related in the biblical book of Revelation bears many similarities to both these much older myths in the same way that there are many motifs in the Bible borrowed by the scribes who wrote it from earlier tales of other cultures. So closely-knit were the ties between Egypt and Byblos that some historians and scholars have claimed that Byblos was almost an Egyptian colony.”

>> Gubal was not an Egyptian colony but it had really close ties with ancient Egypt and as I’ve hinted to in the introduction (Page 2); this was the case of many city-states of the coast = close culture exchange and ties. What is interesting in this extract is the battle from the Phoenician myth between the god of the sky and the god of the sea; as well as the mention of a great war in the Heavens.

3 – Atlantis was during the reign of Geb = Earth.

4 – Osiris seems to be the man like deity who was very wise, kind and knowledgeable and he shared via teaching this knowledge to other men. But there was a “coup” and Seth tried to grab power; it’s Horus, son of Osiris = his heir and bloodline that fights the usurper and after a LONG battle defeats him.

- Page 87 –

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9016d4  No.9502842

Bridges & Maps

Mystery Solved: Who Really Built Ancient Bridge to Jerusalem Temple

https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-mystery-solved-who-really-built-ancient-bridge-to-jerusalem-temple-1.8892518

https://www.timesofisrael.com/setting-the-clock-for-ancient-jerusalem-scientists-finally-date-elusive-arch/

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47aca4  No.9504011

tom, your timeline chronology is wrong, but you're too proud to realize

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89d07b  No.9504137

>>9504011

I put them randomly. And chronology is not my aim….I've already said this in the beginning…. all the negative comments i'm getting….none are truly reading what i'm writing. Don't accuse people of things when you don't even know what my goal is. Just re-read and i'm not here to justify what i'm writing, i'm here to tell. the rest is up to the readers. take it or leave it.

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497ce9  No.9520621

File: 70852e5a5925df5⋯.jpg (163.32 KB, 400x636, 100:159, Unification_of_Egypt_Map_o….jpg)

>>9502790

(Please read from the start)

Now let’s continue with the translation:

“This aurora, in which history and legend merge with the images of Atlantis or the "planet Egypt", is attested by this timeless and unique monument that is the Great Sphinx.

The Sphinx is attributed to Khafre (around 2550 BC), but no technical, architectural, or even logical continuity element attaches it to the Great Pyramid or to the monuments of this Pharaoh. The representation of the lion body with the human head reverses all the visions of the gods, with a human body and an animal head (leonine in the first couple), and accentuates the mystery of this colossal ideogram: monument of the ancient people to his first and great king Osiris, a military stone between terrestrial life and celestial life?”

>> I join my voice to most of my Egyptologist acquaintances when they say that Khafre’s face was not the original = initial face of the Sphinx. A lot believe Pharaoh Khafre re-carved it with his own face. I agree with that. Some might ask why the Pharaoh did that: well, the most logical explanation that comes to me is that the original, initial face was already damaged when Khafre was around. Seeing what an impressive monument the Sphinx is, he put his face on it. He thought he was worthy of such an honor (most probably).

From here on, it’s a compressed historical account of the pre-dynastic Egypt; that is the ERA before the DYNASTIES:

“The chosen people of six thousand years ago are divided into two large areas with contrasting characteristics: Upper Egypt, along the Nile which flows from the South to the north for hundreds of kilometers; and Lower Egypt, along the countless canals of the Delta, which extend for about 150 kilometers.

Upper Egypt, that is to say Egypt south of the Sphinx, has an increasingly narrow and less generous strip of land; and with the increase in the difficulties of life also develops the need to lock oneself in societies preoccupied especially with internal problems.

Lower Egypt, on the contrary, is a generous land, the dense population of which is in continuous contact with other peoples by an infinity of ways which always favor mercantile and maritime activities and, consequently, the flowering of open communities , self-sufficient, and in continuous fermentation.

Housing and work groups are developing especially in Lower Egypt; and they are all distinguished by their own symbols which identify with the personal division of their one god and become the emblem of the dominant family.

The first urban agglomerations that we know are those of Lower Egypt, where about 22 cities already have their “anointed”, that is to say the king consecrated by the anointing of sacred oil and decorated with the Libyan feather. Saïs and even more Métellis are the first cities which predominate over the entire Delta. Métellis is the great center where the gold of Nubia (1,500 km to the south) and the wood of Syria (1,000 km to the north) arrive.”

>> Urban structure = City-States, exactly like with the Sumerians.

- Page 88 –

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497ce9  No.9520655

>>9520621

(Please read from the start)

“Letopolis, born at the feet of the Sphinx, and consequently the pivotal city between Lower and Upper Egypt, succeeds the others in the strategic and commercial area of Lower Egypt.

On par with political power, we see religious power growing, closely linked to all the activities of the time. Thus, with the growth of Létopolis, the old sanctuary which rises opposite becomes a sacred city. This city, which the Greeks later called Heliopolis (“city of the sun”), became the pivot of religious and therefore social unity. With the need to unify the standards and measures for all commercial traffic between Upper and Lower Egypt, the unification of religious cults is deeply felt, moreover, by all Egyptians.

In the very ancient sanctuary, perhaps witness to the reign of Osiris, was originally worshiped the divine couple generated by the primordial mother-earth, namely Shou and Tefnut, both represented with a human body and a head of lion, that is to say, the inverted image of the Sphinx.

Around this first couple gather all the gods of the other “nomes” like the scattered members of a single god.

The axis of power then moves to the city of Bouto. With the kingdom of Bouto we have the first "name" in history and precisely that of Andjty "the protector", the new man who takes power by the will of the people. With Andjty we also have the first real domination of Lower Egypt with the increase of the agrarian cult, that is to say the cult of Osiris. The capital takes the name of "city of Osiris". The sovereignty of the sovereign, as descendant and legitimate representative of Osiris, is consecrated to Heliopolis; and is put to the test and confirmed by the feasts of the Sovereign Jubilee, that is to say thirty years after its consecration (later we will call this Jubilee the feast of the heb-sed). Thus, before the end of the 4th millennium, Heliopolis assumes the historical charge and legitimizes, in the form of an oracle, the sovereigns of Egypt

Next comes the kingdom of Busiris, which extends to the south and creates new cities, including the sanctuary city of Abydos, a center devoted to Osirian worship. With a tendency towards Middle and Upper Egypt, the center of power returns again to Letopolis and the new kings are elected by the god Osiris himself, that is to say by the priests representing him; by this direct election these kings are identified with the god himself: their emblem is the sacred falcon.

Trade, growing in the Mediterranean, brings new wealth and new power and the cities of the Delta quickly become independent. This dismemberment again favors the domination of Bouto who supplants Letopolis, eliminates interference from Saïs and submits the weak republics hardly born. ”

- Page 89 –

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497ce9  No.9520703

>>9520655

(Please read from the start)

“The kings of Bouto are always sacred in Heliopolis. Their power becomes hereditary and only subject to divine justice; and thus withdrawn from all judgment, becomes an absolute power. The priests of Heliopolis have the duty to sanction the appointment and to judge post mortem whether or not the king was worthy of becoming a deity. With the assertion of absolute power also arise adequate administrative and legal bodies, and in particular those concerning public works and domain and financial services, with the surveys and censuses of “gold and fields” and consequently the institution of a gigantic cadaster of the whole kingdom, full of registers and inventories.

With the second kingdom of Bouto trade routes in the Mediterranean are increasing; it is the beginning of real colonies in Crete and Byblos (where a temple dedicated to the goddess Isis is built) and in Upper Egypt, where (in Coptos) we have direct contact with caravans from the sea Red, or with the Nubians who bring gold, ebony and ivory. Bouto becomes a powerful city, surrounded by walls provided with towers, with temples and palaces, covered with hidden barrel vaults, from which emerge high antennae with ribbon flags”

>> I would like to point it out once more = I do not believe Byblos or Crete were Egyptian colonies. But there was very close ties and influence. The cultural exchange, imprint is very deep.

“The development of events is slower in Upper Egypt. Coptos, Edfu, Elephantine, Tentyris, Oxyrhyncos, are the most important cities of the 4th millennium. They join a confederation, so their head is in Noubt (Ombos), where the princes are sacred. The common standard is the crocodile, which often identifies with the god Seth. Life is based on strength, aggressiveness and courage, skills that are essential to overcome everyday difficulties. However, the relations with the more fortunate brothers of Lower Egypt to obtain the essential products are a cause of difficulties and problems, because their dangerous infiltrations must be repelled in continual conflicts. The battlefield is the land of Middle Egypt, formerly a fertile land for all, always more dotted with agricultural and river centers which, obviously, turn more towards Lower than towards Upper Egypt and create their own confederation under the protection of the goddess Hathor, venerated as mother or wife of Horus.

This hathorian confederation - in which cities like Assiout, Abudos, On, Cusae, Kazah thrive - undergoes serious attacks from Upper Egypt. But, with the powerful kingdom of Bouto, it won a victory that will be commemorated during the third millennium like that of Horus over Seth. With the victory of the Hathorians the cities of Panopolis and Coptos rebelled and took the lead in the political and religious revolution of all the fiefs of the South, spreading everywhere the worship of the popular god Min. The city of Nekhen then becomes the seat of the sovereign of Upper Egypt, no longer designated by the families of the feudal lords but appointed by acclamation of the people and with the support of distant Bouto.”

- Page 90 –

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497ce9  No.9520730

File: 63d38a3e21ab652⋯.jpg (21.6 KB, 600x332, 150:83, Double_crown_of_Egypt.jpg)

>>9520703

(Please read from the start)

“This longa manus of Lower Egypt very quickly leads to confuse the god Min with the god Horus. The princes of Noubt are now the vassals of the new king and the new god. The king of Upper Egypt descends to Heliopolis to be sacred. Opposite Nekhen rises the holy city of Nekheb dedicated to the mother goddess Nekhbet, with the signs of the serpent and the vulture; the king of Upper Egypt adorns his white crown with the serpent of the goddess and his feast is renewed each spring with that of Horus-Min. During this feast, the king offers the god the first-fruits of these fields and immolates a white bull to ensure the fertility of the earth and the rebirth of life.

The original god Seth is now definitively dethroned; the times are ripe for a political and religious union after a thousand years of rivalry and isolation, but this great event is not, as all predicted, realized peacefully by Lower Egypt, but bellicose, by Upper Egypt. Indeed, the king of Nekhen, pushed by the council of the “Big Ten of the South”, gradually detached from the influence of the kingdom of Bouto, again in regression due to the individualistic nature of the cities of the Delta and the pressures exerted on the frontiers by the “people of the arc”, tribes of Western Asia attracted by the riches of Lower Egypt.

The king of Nekhen, finally, moved the capital to Abydos (This), and - on the pretext of freeing it from the grave threat - invaded the lands of the Delta. Each resistance center is drowned in blood; the very ancient city of Mendès is destroyed; Métellis, who tries to take the head of the final rebellion, is conquered and dismantled; and the ten most important citizens are beheaded by Narmer king of Upper Egypt, also red with the blood of his brothers killed. The 4th millennium is over, it is the beginning of the 1st dynasty and, with it, for us the Official History.”

>> Anons should keep in mind that these events happened way before the first dynasty = during the IVth millennia B.C. So a lot of people are not that familiar with this era.

- Page 91 –

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297a4f  No.9524468

I'm reading. Good stuff….keep it coming

>>9504137

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297a4f  No.9524475

I'm reading. Good stuff….keep it coming

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297a4f  No.9524910

I'm reading. Good stuff….keep it coming

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297a4f  No.9526171

This is great! Keep going..

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3cc05b  No.9533749

File: 09b4ebd0a49446d⋯.jpg (344.03 KB, 1408x528, 8:3, Design_of_the_Abydos_token….jpg)

>>9520730

(Please read from the start)

Before we move forward, we must take a quick look at the writing system of Ancient Egypt:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_hieroglyphs

“Egyptian hieroglyphs /ˈhaɪrəɡlɪfs/[5][6] were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt. Hieroglyphs combined logographic, syllabic and alphabetic elements, with a total of some 1,000 distinct characters.[7][8] Cursive hieroglyphs were used for religious literature on papyrus and wood. The later hieratic and demotic Egyptian scripts were derived from hieroglyphic writing, as was the Proto-Sinaitic script that later evolved into the Phoenician alphabet.[9] Through the Phoenician alphabet's major child systems, the Greek and Aramaic scripts, the Egyptian hieroglyphic script is ancestral to the majority of scripts in modern use, most prominently the Latin and Cyrillic scripts (through Greek) and the Arabic script and Brahmic family of scripts (through Aramaic).”

>> It’s true that there are “cultural” and linguistic influences and exchanges between many civilizations and if you think about it, it’s normal for such things to happen; it even happens nowadays. But the fact that Phoenician evolved from Hieroglyphs ,well…This is what I was thought in my youth. And this is what I thought to be true, real, ever since then….that is, until last year….when I found out about something that changed my entire understanding about the Hieroglyphic writing influencing and helping create the Phoenician alphabet. This is connected to a later section in this research, so please take note of this for now.

“The use of hieroglyphic writing arose from proto-literate symbol systems in the Early Bronze Age, around the 32nd century BC (Naqada III),[2] with the first decipherable sentence written in the Egyptian language dating to the Second Dynasty (28th century BC). Egyptian hieroglyphs developed into a mature writing system used for monumental inscription in the classical language of the Middle Kingdom period; during this period, the system made use of about 900 distinct signs. The use of this writing system continued through the New Kingdom and Late Period, and on into the Persian and Ptolemaic periods. Late survivals of hieroglyphic use are found well into the Roman period, extending into the 4th century AD.[4]

With the final closing of pagan temples in the 5th century, knowledge of hieroglyphic writing was lost. Although attempts were made, the script remained undeciphered throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period. The decipherment of hieroglyphic writing was finally accomplished in the 1820s by Jean-François Champollion, with the help of the Rosetta Stone.”

“History and evolution

Origin

Hieroglyphs may have emerged from the preliterate artistic traditions of Egypt. For example, symbols on Gerzean pottery from c. 4000 BC have been argued to resemble hieroglyphic writing.

Proto-hieroglyphic symbol systems developed in the second half of the 4th millennium BC, such as the clay labels of a Predynastic ruler called "Scorpion I" (Naqada IIIA period, c. 33rd century BC) recovered at Abydos (modern Umm el-Qa'ab) in 1998 or the Narmer Palette (c. 31st century BC).”

- Page 92 –

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3cc05b  No.9533777

File: f6ab700da247fca⋯.jpg (423.73 KB, 1074x487, 1074:487, Hieroglif_z_Abydos.jpg)

File: fc58e34b9345b7b⋯.jpg (55.13 KB, 577x398, 577:398, heiroceiling.jpg)

>>9533749

(Please read from the start)

“The first full sentence written in mature hieroglyphs so far discovered was found on a seal impression in the tomb of Seth-Peribsen at Umm el-Qa'ab, which dates from the Second Dynasty (28th or 27th century BC). Around 800 hieroglyphs are known to date back to the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom Eras. By the Greco-Roman period, there were more than 5,000.

Geoffrey Sampson stated that Egyptian hieroglyphs "came into existence a little after Sumerian script, and, probably, [were] invented under the influence of the latter",[20] and that it is "probable that the general idea of expressing words of a language in writing was brought to Egypt from Sumerian Mesopotamia".[21][22] There are many instances of early Egypt-Mesopotamia relations, but given the lack of direct evidence for the transfer of writing, "no definitive determination has been made as to the origin of hieroglyphics in ancient Egypt".[23] Others have held that "the evidence for such direct influence remains flimsy” and that “a very credible argument can also be made for the independent development of writing in Egypt…"[24] Since the 1990s, the above-mentioned discoveries of glyphs at Abydos, dated to between 3400 and 3200 BCE, have shed doubt on the classical notion that the Mesopotamian symbol system predates the Egyptian one. However, Egyptian writing appeared suddenly at that time, while Mesopotamia had a long evolutionary history of sign usage in tokens dating back to circa 8000 BCE.

Hieroglyphs became the inspiration for the original alphabet that was ancestral to nearly all others, including the Latin alphabet.”

>> So since now we checked the writing system in ancient Egypt, we can compare it to the cuneiform system including the chronology and the linguistic evolution of both.

There are also Out-of-Place-Artifacts in Ancient Egypt and we are going to take a look at them next:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Out-of-place_artifact

The first one mentioned in this Wikipedia page is what is called the “Helicopter Hieroglyphics” – I know, strange name, but it was named this way because it contained the pictogram of a helicopter as well as other "modern” transport vehicles. And this is what they say about them in this Wikipedia page:

“Abydos helicopter: A pareidolia based on palimpsest carving in an ancient Egyptian temple.”

>> They are telling us that we have an incorrect perception of an object when we look at it. In this case, it’s the shape of a Helicopter. In other words, our minds are playing visual tricks on us according to Wikipedia.

- Page 93 –

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3cc05b  No.9533855

File: 147f2ea171378c9⋯.jpg (91.7 KB, 800x600, 4:3, Seti_I_with_Prince_Ramses_….jpg)

>>9533777

(Please read from the start)

So let’s take a closer look at this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helicopter_hieroglyphs

“Helicopter hieroglyphs refer to an Egyptian hieroglyph carving from the Temple of Seti I at Abydos.

The "helicopter" image is the result of carved stone being re-used over time. The initial carving was made during the reign of Seti I and translates to "He who repulses the nine [enemies of Egypt]". This carving was later filled in with plaster and re-carved during the reign of Ramesses II with the title "He who protects Egypt and overthrows the foreign countries". Over time, the plaster has eroded away, leaving both inscriptions partially visible and creating a palimpsest-like effect of overlapping hieroglyphs.

In paleocontact hypothesis circles[3] the hieroglyphics have been interpreted as an out-of-place artifact depicting a helicopter as well as other examples of modern technology. This claim is dismissed by Egyptologists who highlight this pareidolia is partly based on widely distributed retouched images that removed key details from the actual carvings.”

>> Interesting how the “explanation” changed from an incorrect perception to a re-carved Hieroglyph, so this is why we have an incorrect perception. But you see anons, this explanation doesn’t hold ground. Why?

1st of all, each and every single Hieroglyph is ORDERED by the Pharaoh. This means this is his will and divine request.

2nd, there are professional SPECIALIZED SCRIBES whom put these Hieroglyphs writing together.

3rd, any simple worker cannot just come along and carve whatever he wants to. Any wrong step or mistake while carving this will cost the worker not just his hands and his life, but also the life of his entire family. This was divine work, sacred, no mistakes were allowed.

4th, this process doesn’t just include the scribes who put the text together but also the priests who go through various ceremonies as those writings are carved in the temple…just like what we saw with the pyramid texts.

5th, Ramses II was very close to his father during the kingship of Seti I (as shown in the reliefs from Seti I Temple at Abydos – See picture attached). Even after the death of the later, there are many signs, of respect from his son towards him, including protecting his mummy and tomb from thieves. It was considered a sacrilege to touch or deform anything related to the deceased, especially if it was a Pharaoh. If this inscription’s plaster broke and a piece fell, Ramses would have restored it as it is – maybe ADD a part NEXT to it, but NOT change it. Records of such inscriptions were kept either by royal scribes or priesthood, maybe even both. So Ramses II could have easily restored the inscription without committing a sacrilege.

- Page 94 –

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3cc05b  No.9533888

I thank everyone reading this.

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79e317  No.9544121

File: 959f3fa5dd77223⋯.jpg (48.75 KB, 533x400, 533:400, Matching_the_Hieroglyphs_t….jpg)

>>9533855

(Please read from the start)

6th. this theory of having one layer on top of the other doesn’t hold up. The rules were very strict and rigid from the very top (Pharaoh) to the bottom = the worker who is going to carve this. Ancient Egyptian were very superstitious about such things as change, this is one of the reasons why they went into so much length into preserving the dead bodies as much as they could to how it was when alive. They feared the soul won’t recognize its original body if there was the slightest change. And this can be applied to everything that has to do with funerary and religious stuff; mostly the Hieroglyphics. These sacred words and Hymns were considered just as essential for the afterlife as the other rituals conducted for the dead.

7th, this point is connected to the previous one: there were very strict rules when it comes to sculptures and carving that’s why we see them as stereotyped, apart a few exceptions like Akhenaten era .So there is no way on earth (unless he got strict orders from the top) that the worker sculpting this might have imagined the “forms” as they are. There were known designs which were taught while the worker was still an apprentice; like if you want to carve a duck this is how you do it, no other way; or if you want to carve a snake under a circle, this is how it looks like, no other way….this is why I called it stereotyped. This is not like handwriting = each has his own personal handwriting. No, this was more like making copies of the same thing. So these glyphs were not “INVENTED” or “IMAGINED” or put there randomly by the worker.

All the above (the 7 points argument) is my own analysis and view. No sources. It’s the result of many years of digging, reading and mostly years of experience, as in accumulating all of this in my head. I may be a bit off on some details or notions, I guess some of my readings are old and new info was put out there – mostly that I’m writing this out of memory. Plus, I don’t remember ever seeing an Egyptian hieroglyphic inscription written one on top of the other = having many layers = over layered inscription. So anons can check these out themselves if they are interested in.

So for all of these reasons, the main history explanations don’t hold up.

The alternative historians offer us other types of explanation like Time Travel or U.F.O. contact etc.; as they try to identify the “objects” in the inscription. But none made any sense to me.

What if there was a third alternative? A third explanation? An explanation that can be found if we explore the CONTEXT of the Helicopter Hieroglyph = zooming out.

I’ve said this before, archaeologists are like crime scene investigators; we don’t analyze only the evidence collected, but we also check the entire crime scene to see if everything fits and we try to recreate the events that took place. And this is what I’m going to try to do next.

- Page 95 –

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ce2993  No.9562684

File: 2451d71187e5735⋯.jpg (19.35 KB, 400x385, 80:77, Abydos_location_on_map.jpg)

>>9544121

(Please read from the start)

The first thing to do is to explore the site itself = Abydos and then the Temple in question:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abydos,_Egypt#Temple_of_Seti_I

“Abydos (Arabic: ‎; /əˈbaɪdɒs/ Sahidic Coptic: Ebōt) is one of the oldest cities of ancient Egypt, and also of the eighth nome in Upper Egypt. It is located about 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) west of the Nile at latitude 26° 10' N, near the modern Egyptian towns of el-'Araba el Madfuna and al-Balyana. In the ancient Egyptian language, the city was called Abdju (ꜣbḏw or AbDw). The English name Abydos comes from the Greek Ἄβυδος, a name borrowed by Greek geographers from the unrelated city of Abydos on the Hellespont.

Considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt, the sacred city of Abydos was the site of many ancient temples, including Umm el-Qa'ab, a royal necropolis where early pharaohs were entombed.[1] These tombs began to be seen as extremely significant burials and in later times it became desirable to be buried in the area, leading to the growth of the town's importance as a cult site.

Today, Abydos is notable for the memorial temple of Seti I, which contains an inscription from the nineteenth dynasty known to the modern world as the Abydos King List. It is a chronological list showing cartouches of most dynastic pharaohs of Egypt from Menes until Seti I's father, Ramesses I.

The Great Temple and most of the ancient town are buried under the modern buildings to the north of the Seti temple.[3] Many of the original structures and the artifacts within them are considered irretrievable and lost; many may have been destroyed by the new construction.”

“History

Abydos was occupied by the rulers of the Predynastic period,[4] whose town, temple and tombs have been found there. The temple and town continued to be rebuilt at intervals down to the times of the Thirtieth Dynasty, and the cemetery was in continuous use.

The pharaohs of the First Dynasty were buried in Abydos, including Narmer, who is regarded as the founder of the First Dynasty, and his successor, Aha.[6] It was in this time period that the Abydos boats were constructed. Some pharaohs of the Second Dynasty were also buried in Abydos. The temple was renewed and enlarged by these pharaohs as well. Funerary enclosures, misinterpreted in modern times as great 'forts', were built on the desert behind the town by three kings of the Second Dynasty; the most complete is that of Khasekhemwy.

From the Fifth Dynasty, the deity Khentiamentiu, foremost of the Westerners, came to be seen as a manifestation of the dead pharaoh in the underworld. Pepi I (Sixth Dynasty) constructed a funerary chapel which evolved over the years into the Great Temple of Osiris, the ruins of which still exist within the town enclosure. Abydos became the centre of the worship of the Isis and Osiris cult.

During the First Intermediate Period, the principal deity of the area, Khentiamentiu, began to be seen as an aspect of Osiris, and the deities gradually merged and came to be regarded as one. Khentiamentiu's name became an epithet of Osiris. […]

[…]

Seti I, during the Nineteenth Dynasty, founded a temple to the south of the town in honor of the ancestral pharaohs of the early dynasties; this was finished by Ramesses II, who also built a lesser temple of his own.[5] Merneptah added the Osireion, just to the north of the temple of Seti.”

- Page 96 –

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5b419e  No.9571899

File: 32aa683b80eda8c⋯.jpg (214.17 KB, 1024x724, 256:181, Abydos_Temple_of_Seti_I_La….jpg)

File: 7f260e835f0f187⋯.jpg (64.92 KB, 910x512, 455:256, Seti_I_Temple_Abydos_recon….jpg)

File: 16cd697c11c1e43⋯.jpg (75.44 KB, 730x475, 146:95, egypt_abydos_temple_entran….jpg)

File: ec39c9d7712958b⋯.jpg (285.41 KB, 2000x955, 400:191, Abydos_Mariette1869_King_l….jpg)

File: c1b323ff2f60c51⋯.jpg (385.43 KB, 1024x768, 4:3, Abydos_Seti_I_Temple_King_….jpg)

>>9562684

(Please read from the start)

“Main sites

Temple of Seti I

The temple of Seti I was built on entirely new ground half a mile to the south of the long series of temples just described. This surviving building is best known as the Great Temple of Abydos, being nearly complete and an impressive sight.[9] A principal purpose of the temple was to serve as a memorial to king Seti I, as well as to show reverence for the early pharaohs, which is incorporated within as part of the "Rite of the Ancestors".

>> Paying homage and respect to the ancestors.

“The long list of the pharaohs of the principal dynasties—recognized by Seti—are carved on a wall and known as the "Abydos King List" (showing the cartouche name of many dynastic pharaohs of Egypt from the first, Narmer or Menes, until Seti's time)- with the exception of those noted above. There were significant names deliberately left off of the list. So rare, as an almost complete list of pharaoh names, the Table of Abydos, rediscovered by William John Bankes, has been called the "Rosetta Stone" of Egyptian archaeology, analogous to the Rosetta Stone for Egyptian writing, beyond the Narmer Palette.

There were also seven chapels built for the worship of the pharaoh and principal deities. These included three chapels for the "state" deities Ptah, Re-Horakhty, and (centrally positioned) Amun-Re and the challenge for the Abydos triad of Osiris, Isis and Horus. The rites recorded in the deity chapels represent the first complete form known of the Daily Ritual, which was performed daily in temples across Egypt throughout the pharaonic period. […]”

>> Number 7 shows up again.

“Except for the list of pharaohs and a panegyric on Ramesses II, the subjects are not historical, but religious in nature, dedicated to the transformation of the king after his death. The temple reliefs are celebrated for their delicacy and artistic refinement, utilizing both the archaism of earlier dynasties with the vibrancy of late 18th Dynasty reliefs. The sculptures had been published mostly in hand copy, not facsimile, by Auguste Mariette in his Abydos, I. The temple has been partially recorded epigraphically by Amice Calverley and Myrtle Broome in their 4 volume publication of The Temple of King Sethos I at Abydos (1933–1958).”

>> What was written about Seti I Temple at Abydos confirms the 7 points arguments I’ve talked about (Pages 94-95). All the reliefs there show the close relationship between father and son and how much the later respected the Pharaoh. So there is no way Ramses II would change a written inscription made by Seti I, it’s considered as sacrilege. I hope anons took note of when Auguste Mariette “worked” on Abydos.”

- Page 97 –

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8ec65e  No.9584283

File: 225c928a227ceee⋯.gif (18.17 KB, 289x512, 289:512, Abydos_Necropolis.gif)

>>9571899

(Please read from the start)

“Umm El Qa'ab

The royal necropolises of the earliest dynasties were placed about a mile into the great desert plain, in a place now known as Umm El Qa'ab "The Mother of Pots" because of the shards remaining from all of the devotional objects left by religious pilgrims.

[…]

Afterward, the tombs increased in size and complexity. The tomb-pit was surrounded by chambers to hold offerings, the sepulchre being a great wooden chamber in the midst of the brick-lined pit. Rows of small pits, tombs for the servants of the pharaoh, surrounded the royal chamber, many dozens of such burials being usual.[9] Some of the offerings included sacrificed animals, such as the asses found in the tomb of Merneith. Evidence of human sacrifice exists in the early tombs, such as the 118 servants in the tomb of Merneith, but this practice was changed into symbolic offerings later.”

>> This is exactly like what we saw with the Sumerians at the royal pit of Ur, with Queen Puabi’s tomb, where her servants and maids followed her into death to serve her in the afterlife (page 57). This has nothing to do with RITUAL sacrifice as I’ve said before. They don’t take a knife and cut the victim’s heart out or take the liver out. No! This is different. The servants willingly follow their master and owner into the afterlife to serve him/her there as they did when they were alive.

Since we understand now the CONTEXT in which the Helicopter Hieroglyph is, we need to add one last element to solve the puzzle (at least try to solve it): anons should take a look at the layout of Seti I temple at Abydos (Page 97). What do you see in the upper left hand corner? = 4 Archive rooms. This is where the temple archives were kept. Same type of rooms existed in the royal palace and scribe schools and even at the sculptor’s workshop. This is what I was trying to explain in my 7 points arguments.

This type of Archives room existed from pre-dynastic times, all the way down to the Ptolemaic rule. In the historical segment I put about pre-dynastic Egypt, Abydos was a major city, and played a major role, not just as a capital but as a trade and religious center. This means there were royal records, funerary records, religious records, trade records, military records and diplomatic records etc.

But if you read carefully what was written about Seti I Temple along with the historical part I’ve put, life in Abydos wasn’t that peaceful and the earliest temple ended up burning to totally vanished during the fourth dynasty. I don’t know which archive was “saved” and preserved as well as how many. But it seems some have survived due to the “king list” we have on the temple wall. This is how Seti I scribes and priests gathered the name of the previous kings = the archives. They were consulted not just to know the list of the king names but to also know HOW they are written.

- Page 98 –

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8ec65e  No.9584342

>>9584283

(Please read from the start)

It’s time to put the pieces of this riddle together and explain how a Helicopter glyph ended up in Seti I Temple in Abydos:

Seti I wanted to build a temple in Abydos to honor his ancestors and pay regular homage to them. So he ordered the priests and the scribes to find his genealogy, as in all the names of the previous Pharaohs, all the way back to the first ever dynasty. This includes the ever first Pharaoh of the first dynasty = Narmer (around 3000 B.C.) which a lot of Egyptologist believe is none other than Menes = one and same person. Seti I (1312-1298 B.C.) was the second Pharaoh from the XIXthe dynasty, son of Ramses I; and father of Ramses II.

In order to fulfill the Pharaoh’s request the scribes along with the priests had to consult the old records, not just to find the names of previous rulers but to also know how they are written. Despite the ash layer found, it’s clear from the presence of the list of kings = wall covered with “cartouches” – that the priests did found ancient records going back to the first dynasty; which would explain how they managed to know the name of the Pharaohs from the earliest dynasties.

Since they were carving the “Rite of the Ancestors” on the walls, they had to go back to verify the archive and older register for this rite, since it includes ancestors from earlier dynasties, including the first one. Just like what we saw with the Pyramid Text, this rite was carved on the inner walls of the temple. Digging in the very old archive, they must have ended up with information dating back to pre-dynastic or early dynastic times; because Menes = Narmer was the last king of the Upper kingdom, who united both kingdoms and he is as well, the first Pharaoh of the first dynasty of the kingdom unified. Which means the records of king Narmer’s time had a leg on each side = pre-dynastic and dynastic.

This is where they found the Helicopter Hieroglyph = King Narmer’s records and/or maybe first dynasty records (slight possibility, they date even older). Since the scribe rules were rigid and strict, they had to copy the ancient glyphs EXACTLY, EXACTLY as they saw them in the old records. Which in turn implies that these glyphs were written down in the old records by scribes whom SAW them = witnessed them. In order to know how the Helicopter glyph looks like, it means someone SAW it and made a drawing of it in the pre-dynastic era (if not the object itself, they saw its pre-dynastic hieroglyph). This record was stored in the temples of Abydos and somehow found its way into the hands of the scribes and priests working on Seti I “King list”. They copied it exactly as it was, thinking it is either related to the King List or related to the “Rite of the Ancestors”.

Which implies, there were Helicopters (+ gliders and the other transport vehicles seen on that carving) in the pre-dynastic period. Or maybe, the people from back then at least knew about their existence or witnessed one = saw one. The ramifications of this are HUGE and MIND BLOWING.

If we combine this with Noah’s Ark, it means there was an advanced civilization with FLYING machinery before a great cataclysmic event wiped everything out. This is why (((they))) don’t want us to know about this Hieroglyph and (((they))) provide us with a “potato” explanation, saying it’s a re-carving or an incorrect perception. I also believe (((they))), like John Podesta, encourage the U.F.O. theory forward, pushing doubters towards it. I’ve come to notice that the Illuminati use the U.F.O. subject exactly as (((they))) did with Alex Jones. It’s a controlled subject that is misleading and to make people who think outside the box look like crazy. It’s the same type = genre of trap as Alex Jones. (((They))) even booby-trapped the alternative history. (((They))) have planted traps for us on each side. This is why in the introduction of this thread, I said the truth is somewhere in the middle, on the Edge of the coin.

Anons should check this out and make up their own minds about it. It doesn’t matter if you believe what I say or not. It’s all up to YOU, the person reading this. If you believe in re-carving, or U.F.O., or the explanation I provided or something totally different, it’s all up to you. Just think outside of the box and think for yourself, make your own research and try to find the answers. Q drop # 4408: “…enlightenment with the process of undertaking to think for oneself, to employ and rely on one’s own intellectual capacities in determining what to believe and how to act.”

- Page 99 –

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1d5080  No.9594192

Are these pictures of the Verrazano? The original pics looked like you were on the Richmond side. This one looks like the Kings side.

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c6f823  No.9598160

File: 4ee42e7e2cc0172⋯.jpg (122 KB, 1200x837, 400:279, Saqqara_Bird.jpg)

File: 66b8c1ed14d60fe⋯.jpg (37.8 KB, 865x577, 865:577, Saqqara_Bird.jpg)

File: 0d8dbe28e97c44a⋯.jpg (16.6 KB, 563x163, 563:163, Bird_of_Saqqara.jpg)

>>9584342

(Please read from the start)

Now I’m going to move to the next out-of-place-Artifact from the same Wikipedia page, so I’m not going to repost the link:

“Saqqara Bird: Supposedly depicts a glider, but made in Ancient Egypt.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saqqara_Bird#Controversial_ideas

“The Saqqara Bird is a bird-shaped artifact made of sycamore wood, discovered during the 1898 excavation of the Pa-di-Imen tomb in Saqqara, Egypt. It has been dated to approximately 200 BCE, and is now housed in the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Cairo. The Saqqara Bird has a wingspan of 180 mm (7.1 in) and weighs 39.12 g (1.380 oz).[1] Its purpose is not understood because of a lack of period documentation.”

“Conventional ideas

Some think the Saqqara Bird may be a ceremonial object because the falcon, the bird after which the Saqqara Bird is modeled, is the form most commonly used to represent several of the most important gods of Egyptian mythology, most notably the falcon deity Horus and the sun deity Ra Horakhty. Others have posited it may have been a toy for an elite child, or that it could have functioned as a weather vane. Some have also speculated it may have been used as a sort of boomerang, as such technology was common and well known in ancient Egypt in the form of a throwing stick used for hunting waterfowl.[2] Another hypothesis is that this bird was positioned on the masthead of sacred boats used during the Opet Festival.[3] Reliefs showing those boats are found in the Temple of Khonsu at Karnak and date to the late New Kingdom.”

“Controversial ideas

Some have suggested that the Saqqara Bird may represent evidence that knowledge of the principles of aviation existed many centuries before such are generally believed to have first been discovered. Egyptian physician, archaeologist and parapsychologist Khalil Messiha has speculated that the ancient Egyptians developed the first aircraft.[5] In spite of these claims, however, no ancient Egyptian aircraft have ever been found, nor has any other evidence suggesting their existence come to light. As a result, the theory that the Saqqara Bird is a model of a flying machine is not accepted by mainstream Egyptologists. Richard P. Hallion notes that it is "far too heavy and unstable itself to fly.”

>> I actually agree partially with both the conventional idea and the unconventional idea.

It all depends on the perspective or point of view = from which angle you see this. If you take this object individually, on its own, then I lean on it being a child’s toy. But if we see this in a bigger context = looking at the bigger picture, then yes, this artifact can be considered as the first “aircraft” – sort of speak. The work done on this artifact, the precision in the carving and the shape, everything about it is remarkable.

We cannot rule out this artifact because of the big picture. If the Helicopter Hieroglyph didn’t exist centuries before, I would have considered the Saqqara Bird as a coincidence. But since the Heli Glyph exists, we cannot rule this one out. Anons shouldn’t forget how old Saqqara’s site is.

If anons lean towards the conventional or unconventional idea about this artifact; either way, it doesn’t matter because both have a common point = FLIGHT. Either it’s a toy or a small replica of an airplane, they both represent the same thing = FLYING = FLIGHT = the ability to FLY. And this is the importance of this artifact. The next article is well written.

https://www.ancient-origins.net/unexplained-phenomena/he-saqqara-bird-did-ancient-egyptians-know-how-fly-0010035

- Page 100 –

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c6f823  No.9598194

>>9594192

Yes, they are of the Verrazano. They were picked from the web. I changed it to match the STORM

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32cec0  No.9611446

File: 2240d016023eed9⋯.jpg (984.29 KB, 2043x903, 681:301, Dendera_Light_bulb.jpg)

File: e56847857bbb278⋯.jpg (75.34 KB, 1200x1200, 1:1, Crookes_Tube.jpg)

File: 76f87d6e88eb801⋯.jpg (8.15 KB, 300x133, 300:133, Egyptian_Reflective_Mirror….jpg)

File: 14220b1e5466be6⋯.jpg (46.57 KB, 728x410, 364:205, The_Mummy_the_Movie.jpg)

>>9598160

(Please read from the start)

The third out-of-place Artifact listed in that Wikipedia page is the Dendera lamps:

“Dendera Lamps: Supposed to depict light bulbs, but made in Ptolemaic Egypt.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera_light

“The Dendera light is a motif carved as a set of stone reliefs in the Hathor temple at Dendera in Egypt, which superficially resemble modern electric lighting devices. A fringe hypothesis suggests that the Dendera light depicts advanced electrical technology possessed by the ancient Egyptians; however, mainstream Egyptologists view the carvings as representing instead a typical set of symbolic images from Egyptian mythology. These depict a djed pillar and a lotus flower spawning a snake inside it, symbols of stability and fertility, respectively.”

“Mainstream interpretation

The view of Egyptologists is that the relief is a mythological depiction of a djed pillar and a lotus flower (Nymphaea caerulea), spawning a snake within, representing aspects of Egyptian mythology.[1][2] The djed pillar is a symbol of stability which is also interpreted as the backbone of the god Osiris. In the carvings the four horizontal lines forming the capital of the djed are supplemented by human arms stretching out, as if the djed were a backbone. The arms hold up the snake within the lotus flower. The snakes coming from the lotus symbolize fertility, linked to the annual Nile flood.”

>> I do not agree with the mainstream interpretation about the relief….but I also agree with them about the Djed pillar.

“Fringe interpretation

In contrast to the mainstream interpretation, a fringe hypothesis proposes that the reliefs depict Ancient Egyptian electrical technology, based on comparison to similar modern devices (such as Geissler tubes, Crookes tubes, and arc lamps). J. N. Lockyer's passing reference to a colleague's humorous suggestion that electric lamps would explain the absence of lampblack deposits in the tombs has sometimes been forwarded as an argument supporting this particular interpretation (another argument being made is the use of a system of reflective mirrors).[3] Proponents of this interpretation have also used a text referring to "high poles covered with copper plates" to argue this,[4] but Bolko Stern has written in detail explaining why the copper-covered tops of poles (which were lower than the associated pylons) do not relate to electricity or lightning, pointing out that no evidence of anything used to manipulate electricity had been found in Egypt and that this was a magical and not a technical installation.

Archaeologist and debunker Kenneth Feder argued that if ancient Egyptians really had such advanced technology, some light bulb remains (glass shards, metal sockets, filaments…) should have been discovered during archaeological excavations. By applying the Occam's razor, he instead highlighted the feasibility of the aforementioned reflective mirrors system, and also that the notion of adding salt to torches to minimize lampblack was well known by ancient Egyptians.”

>> The reflective mirror system was used by Hollywood in the movie called: the Mummy (stars Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz).

Notice how they start with using the word “superficial resemblance” just to cast doubt and make you doubt what your own eyes are seeing clearly. Then, there is the problem with the refusal of mainstream Egyptologist to admit the usage of light bulbs. They give arguments based on what we know today as light bulbs, but the thing is….we absolutely have clue or any type of idea what they used as a light bulb in Ancient Egypt. It may look like a modern light bulb but this doesn’t mean it’s composed of the same elements as one. The elements composing it might be made of something totally different, a different type of material.

Another important argument point in all of this is that if you have a light bulb then you should have a power source = an electric generator, that produces the needed electricity to make that bulb do its work = function = light up. So just like Saqqara bird, individually, the Dendera light bulbs don’t hold too much ground. This is why we gotta look at the bigger picture, see the context and then try to combine it with other elements out there, in order to make sense of it all. Here, we have half of the riddle, not all of it.

- Page 101 –

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32cec0  No.9611487

File: 59157a35f4f5f2b⋯.jpg (56.1 KB, 1200x1200, 1:1, Djed_Pillar.jpg)

>>9611446

(Please read from the start)

Before checking out the CONTEXT of the Dendera Light bulb, I want to make a small detour by taking a quick look at the Djed Pillar.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djed

“The djed (Ancient Egyptian: ḏd 𓊽, Coptic ϫⲱⲧ jōt "pillar", anglicized /dʒɛd/)[1] is one of the more ancient and commonly found symbols in ancient Egyptian religion. It is a pillar-like symbol in Egyptian hieroglyphs representing stability. It is associated with the creator god Ptah and Osiris, the Egyptian god of the afterlife, the underworld, and the dead. It is commonly understood to represent his spine.”

“Myth

In the Osiris myth, Osiris was killed by Set by being tricked into a coffin made to fit Osiris exactly. Set then had the coffin with the now deceased Osiris flung into the Nile. The coffin was carried by the Nile to the ocean and on to the city of Byblos in Lebanon. It ran aground and a sacred tree took root and rapidly grew around the coffin, enclosing the coffin within its trunk. The king of the land, intrigued by the tree's quick growth, ordered the tree cut down and installed as a pillar in his palace, unaware that the tree contained Osiris's body.

Meanwhile, Isis searched for Osiris aided by Anubis, and came to know of Osiris's location in Byblos. Isis maneuvered herself into the favor of the king and queen and was granted a boon. She asked for the pillar in the palace hall, and upon being granted it, extracted the coffin from the pillar. She then consecrated the pillar, anointing it with myrrh and wrapping it in linen. This pillar came to be known as the pillar of djed.”

>> This “myth” is related to us by Plutarch, so anons should be careful with it. Plutarch was super biased. I nicknamed him the Roman times CNN. (Link in page 86).

“Origin and development

The djed may originally have been a fertility cult related pillar made from reeds or sheaves[3] or a totem from which sheaves of grain were suspended[4] or grain was piled around.[5] Erich Neumann remarks that the djed pillar is a tree fetish, which is significant considering that Egypt was primarily treeless. He indicates that the myth may represent the importance of the importation of trees by Egypt from Syria.[6] The djed came to be associated with Seker, the falcon god of the Memphite Necropolis, then with Ptah, the Memphite patron god of craftsmen.[7] Ptah was often referred to as "the noble djed", and carried a scepter that was a combination of the djed symbol and the ankh, the symbol of life.[3] Ptah gradually came to be assimilated into Osiris. By the time of the New Kingdom, the djed was firmly associated with Osiris.

[…]”

>> And here lies the importance of the Djed: was it originally a tree that was depicted as a pillar or was it the other way around? Why is this important? It’s important because we have seen a Tree with a snake (and other demons) in the Epic of Gilgamesh (page 37), which reminds us of the Apple Tree of Adam and Eve….and….we’ve also seen a Tree in the battle between Ra (feline shape) and Apep (page 76). And this is where I want get the attention of anons: is it really a tree or was it a pillar or a column….maybe, just maybe….even a tower….that was depicted as a tree in the old myths?

- Page 102 –

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32cec0  No.9611493

File: e44805bfdbd5bfb⋯.jpg (90.39 KB, 821x542, 821:542, sacred_symbol_of_the_Djed_….jpg)

File: 92e2508f9e053d7⋯.jpg (13.77 KB, 213x400, 213:400, Sistrum.jpg)

>>9611487

(Please read from the start)

“Ceremonial usage

The djed was an important part of the ceremony called "raising the djed", which was a part of the celebrations of the Sed festival, the Egyptian jubilee celebration. The act of raising the djed has been explained as representing Osiris's triumph over Seth.[11] Ceremonies in Memphis are described where the pharaoh, with the help of the priests, raised a wooden djed column using ropes. The ceremony took place during the period when fields were sown and the year's agricultural season would begin, corresponding to the month of Koiak, the fourth month of the Season of the Inundation. This ceremony was a part of one of the more popular holidays and celebrations of the time, a larger festival dedicated to Osiris conducted from the 13th to 30th day of the Koiak. Celebrated as it was at that time of the year when the soil and climate were most suitable for agriculture, the festival and its ceremonies can be seen as an appeal to Osiris, who was the God of vegetation, to favor the growth of the seeds sown, paralleling his own resurrection and renewal after his murder by Seth.”

>> It’s because of this ceremony where they “raise up” the Djed that I’m suspecting it to be originally something else = like maybe a tree, a tower or a column….

“Further celebrations surrounding the raising of the djed are described in a relief in Amenhotep III's Luxor Temple. In the tomb in the temple, the scene shows the raising of the djed pillar taking place in the morning of Amenhotep III's third Sed festival, which took place in his thirty-seventh regnal year. The scene is described by Sigrid Hodel-Hoenes:

The anthropomorphized pillar stands at the middle left, in a shrine. It has taken the shape of a human body with the djed-pillar as its head; the eyes are udjat-eyes. The hands hold the crook and flail, the usual insignia of Osiris, the god of the dead. On its head is the tall feather crown with the solar disk. The pillar is on a high base reminiscent of the platforms visible today in many temples, on which the cult barks once stood. In front of and behind it are lotus and papyrus blossoms. Beneath the large slab of the base are two tall offering stands – one bears a libation vessel, while flowers have been laid on the other. To the right is the king himself, presenting a generously laid table. Fowl, cucumbers, blossoms, breads, and heads and ribs of beef are all lying on the upper mat, while a cow and an antelope can be seen on the lower one. Beneath these mats are four tall vessels containing unguents and oil, with bundles of lettuce sticking out among them. The vulture goddess, Wadjyt, the Mistress of the Per-nu shrine, has spread her protective wings above the sovereign, with the blue crown on his head.

— Sigrid Hodel-Hoenes, Life and death in ancient Egypt : scenes from private tombs in new kingdom Thebes, p. 222.

There is also a scene depicted in the tomb to the right of the above scene which has not been well preserved. Hodel-Hoenes explains that it once showed the pharaoh, accompanied by his queen, using a rope to raise the djed pillar. Three men, probably priests of the temple of Memphis, help him in the process. A fourth priest was seen supporting the pillar. Various offerings were presented before the pillar below the ropes. The pharaoh and his queen are each accompanied by four pairs of young women resembling those of the sed-festival. Each of these women is rattling a Hathor sistrum, a musical instrument for percussion with a U-shaped handle and frame seen as resembling the face and horns of the cow goddess Hathor, while holding a menat, a protective amulet associated with Hathor, in the other hand. A line of hieroglyphs running just above the girls' heads in each row of women says, "Children of the king praising (or charming) the noble djed pillar." Hodel-Hoenes interprets this as identifying the girls as the daughters of Amenhotep III.

There are three additional reliefs below these two reliefs. They depict further ceremonies that accompany the erection of the djed pillar, especially games and dances […]”

- Page 103 –

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32cec0  No.9611548

File: 278e84561e26f79⋯.jpg (201.56 KB, 866x1300, 433:650, _electric_poles_and_wires.jpg)

File: 88342c129535596⋯.jpg (46.71 KB, 250x344, 125:172, Djed.jpg)

>>9611493

(Please read from the start)

The festival of the raising of the djed also involved reenactments conducted at Denderah, Edfu, Busiris, Memphis, and Philae. But the most elaborate and grand celebration occurred at Abydos, the cult center of Osiris. From around the end of the third millennium BC during the beginning of the Dynasty XII and perhaps as early as the Dynasty VI three hundred years earlier, reenactments of the Osiris myth – the deception and murder of Osiris by Seth, the search for Osiris by Isis and Osiris' mummification, funeral and his resurrection were performed. From the late fourth century BC, a recitation of the Lamentations of Isis and Nephthys, a poem describing Isis and Nephthys' search for Osiris, was added to the ceremony on the 25th day of Koiak. At the Osiris Temple in Abydos, these re-enactments are described as involving hundreds of priests and priestesses in the roles of the gods and goddesses, with 34 reed boats carrying the gods, a sculpture of Osiris inside an elaborate chest, 365 ornamental lamps, incense, and dozens of djed amulets.”

>> All of these centers mentioned are not just a place where Osiris cult was celebrated but most, apart Philae are very old sites = city-states from before the unification of the 2 kingdoms = pre-dynastic era.

“Usage as amulets

The djed pillar was often used as amulets for the living and the dead. It was placed as an amulet near the spines of mummified bodies, which was supposed to ensure the resurrection of the dead, allowing the deceased to live eternally.[5] The Egyptian Book of the Dead lists a spell which when spoken over a gold amulet hung around the mummy's neck, ensures that the mummy would regain use of its spine and be able to sit up. It was also painted onto coffins.”

“Parallels in other cultures

Parallels have also been drawn between the djed pillar and various items in other cultures. Sidney Smith in 1922, first suggested a parallel with the Assyrian "sacred tree" when he drew attention to the presence of the upper four bands of the djed pillar and the bands that are present in the center of the vertical portion of the tree. He also proposed a common origin between Osiris and the Assyrian god Assur with whom he said, the sacred tree might be associated. Cohen and Kangas suggest that the tree is probably associated with the Sumerian god of male fertility, Enki and that for both Osiris and Enki, an erect pole or polelike symbol stands beneath a celestial symbol. They also point out that the Assyrian king is depicted in proximity to the sacred tree, which is similar to the depiction of the pharaoh in the raising of the djed ceremony. Additionally, the sacred tree and the Assyrian winged disk, which are generally depicted separately, are combined in certain designs, similar to the djed pillar which is sometimes surmounted with a solar disk.[13] Katherine Harper and Robert Brown also discuss a possible strong link between the djed column and the concept of kundalini in yoga.”

>> I see some found matches with Assyria, but those can also be found in a much older date, as in going back to Sumerian civilization.

There are many interpretations in the alternative history about the Djed. Some even suggested that they might be electrical poles and this is why we see them on the relief of the Dendera Temple. I don’t know if this is the true interpretation of the Djed. But we are still stuck with the same issue if we take the Djed on its own = where the electricity came from? What generated it? This is why we got to gather the rest of the riddle pieces and take a look at the bigger picture and not just concentrate on one specific item. This is a riddle made of different parts and till now = where I am in this thread – we’ve got 2 parts of it = a relief with a light bulb and the Djed.

- Page 104 –

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4f82d0  No.9619998

File: ac102b9e16ebec0⋯.jpg (71.88 KB, 396x312, 33:26, Feather_Headdress.jpg)

File: 063f090467f1afb⋯.png (355.29 KB, 410x512, 205:256, Headdress_Princess_Sithath….png)

File: 73f0df15b459f88⋯.jpg (42.97 KB, 451x612, 451:612, 18th_dynasty_headdress_anc….jpg)

File: e6e906fc2ccac63⋯.jpg (102.38 KB, 460x750, 46:75, 3e4405b8723b4af923d6a182d1….jpg)

File: 8c2c3f94c3fdf43⋯.jpg (84.89 KB, 440x716, 110:179, 86928_3391ac6553e8d6ffcc6a….jpg)

>>9611548

(Please read from the start)

Before I move on, I want to draw anons attention to what is written in page 103 about the feathered crown: “On its head is the tall feather crown with the solar disk”.

Just like in Mesopotamia, we have in Ancient Egypt feathered headdresses (or crowns) as well, worn by the nobility and the royals. The pictures I’m putting are from various dynasties, I’m mixing them up because all I want is a visual. This is a research and comparison field anons can use and dig in = the feathered headdresses. It’s another common point in many of the ancient civilizations, which always made me wonder if this is not a tradition brought from before the deluge.

- Page 105 –

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4f6974  No.9631311

File: a7f5acfc5e0fbfe⋯.png (125.94 KB, 659x600, 659:600, egypt_map_dendera.png)

>>9619998

(Please read from the start)

Just like what I did with the Helicopter Hieroglyph, I’m going to take a look at the CONTEXT for the Dendera lights as well. So the first place to look is the town of Dendera itself:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera

“Dendera (Arabic: ‎ Dandarah; Ancient Greek: Τεντυρις or Τεντυρα) also spelled Denderah, ancient Iunet,[3] Tentyris[4][5] or Tentyra[6] is a small town and former bishopric in Egypt situated on the west bank of the Nile, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of Qena, on the opposite side of the river. It is located approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Luxor and remains a Latin Catholic titular see. It contains the Dendera Temple complex, one of the best-preserved temple sites from ancient Upper Egypt.”

“History

At a rather isolated place at the edge of the desert, about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) south-west of the modern town, lies what Dendera is famous for, a mostly Greco-Roman temple complex known in ancient Egyptian as Iunet or Tantere. The modern Arab town is built on the ancient site of Ta-ynt-netert, which means 'She of the Divine Pillar.' In the Greek era, the town was known as Tentyra. It was once the -modest- capital of the 6th Nome (Pharaonic province) of Upper Egypt, and was also called Nikentori or Nitentori, which means 'willow wood' or 'willow earth'. Some scholars[who?] believe the name derives from the sky and fertility goddess Hathor, also associated with the Greek Aphrodite, who was especially worshiped there. The official deity of the city was a crocodile. Crocodiles were also venerated as deities in other Egyptian cities, which gave rise to many quarrels, notably with Ombos.”

>> Just like Abydos, Dendera was a city-state in the pre-dynastic era. It was the capital of the 6th nome so this means it was a trade and a religious center; which in turns means = ARCHIVES.

“Temple complex

The Dendera Temple complex, which contains the Temple of Hathor, is one of the best-preserved temples, if not the best-preserved one, in all of Upper Egypt. The whole complex covers some 40,000 square meters and is surrounded by a hefty mud brick wall. The present building dates back to the times of the Ptolemaic dynasty and was completed by the Roman emperor Tiberius, but it rests on the foundations of earlier buildings dating back at least as far as Khufu (known as the Great Pyramid builder Cheops, the second Pharaoh of the 4th dynasty [c. 2613–c. 2494 BC]) but it was the pharao Pepi I Meryre who built the temple.

It was once home to the celebrated Dendera zodiac, which is now displayed in the Louvre Museum in Paris. There are also Roman and pharaonic Mammisi (birth houses), ruins of a Coptic church and a small chapel dedicated to Isis, dating to the Roman or the Ptolemaic epoch. The area around the temple has been extensively landscaped and now has a modern visitor centre, bazaar and small cafeteria.”

>> So the NEW temple of Hathor was built on the ruins of an older one which dates back the 4th dynasty. Wonder if they checked the stratigraphy to see if there is an even older stratum.

Anons. we know from the existence of the List of Kings in Abydos that priests there preserved the ancient records = archives – going all back to Narmer. So if this was done in Abydos, it’s possible it was done here, in Dendera, as well. The possibilities are high.

- Page 106 –

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4f6974  No.9631322

File: cb6e1b2a85201e6⋯.png (969.58 KB, 800x618, 400:309, Dendera_Hathor_Temple.png)

File: 7c3b33418d474ae⋯.jpg (112.02 KB, 1128x768, 47:32, dendera_v1.jpg)

File: 9fbc6859811a4c9⋯.jpg (166.05 KB, 1000x575, 40:23, temple_of_hathor_at_dender….jpg)

>>9631311

(Please read from the start)

Now I’m going to check the Temple complex.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera_Temple_complex

“Dendera Temple complex (Ancient Egyptian: Iunet or Tantere; the 19th-century English spelling in most sources, including Belzoni, was Tentyra; also spelled Denderah[1]) is located about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) south-east of Dendera, Egypt. It is one of the best-preserved temple complexes in Egypt. The area was used as the sixth Nome of Upper Egypt, south of Abydos.”

“Hathor temple

The dominant building in the complex is the Temple of Hathor. The temple has been modified on the same site starting as far back as the Middle Kingdom, and continuing right up until the time of the Roman emperor Trajan.[2] The existing structure began construction in the late Ptolemaic period, and the hypostyle hall was built in the Roman period under Tiberius.

[…]

Depictions of Cleopatra VI which appear on temple walls are good examples of Ptolemaic Egyptian art.[4] On the rear of the temple exterior is a carving of Cleopatra VII Philopator (the popularly well known Cleopatra) and her son, Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar (Caesarion), who was fathered by Julius Caesar.”

“Dendera zodiac

The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known relief found in a late Greco-Roman temple, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the balance). A sketch was made of it during the Napoleonic campaign in Egypt. In 1820 it was removed from the temple ceiling by French colonizers and replaced with a fake. There is controversy as to whether they were granted permission by Egypt's ruler, Muhammad Ali Pasha, to do so, or whether they stole it. The real one is now in the Louvre.[6] Champollion's guess that it was Ptolemaic proved to be correct, and Egyptologists now date it to the first century BC.”

>> Napoleon was Freemason working for Cabal = Payseur. You think it was a coincidence the Dendera Zodiac was “stolen” in 1820? And why replace it with a FAKE? Payseur was alive back then. So does this mean the original is still owned by Cabal nowadays, placed in the Louvres?

“The Dendera light

Hathor Temple has a relief sometimes known as the Dendera light because of a controversial fringe thesis about its nature. The Dendera light images comprise five stone reliefs (two of which contain a pair of what fringe authors refer to as lights) in the Hathor temple at the Dendera Temple complex located in Egypt. The view of Egyptologists is that the relief is a mythological depiction of a djed pillar and a lotus flower, spawning a snake within, representing aspects of Egyptian mythology.

In contrast to this interpretation, there is a fringe science suggestion that it is actually a representation of an Ancient Egyptian light bulb.”

>> Anons, please notice the choice of words.

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4f6974  No.9631549

File: 791df983ff310dc⋯.jpg (226.85 KB, 768x703, 768:703, louvre_zodiaque_dendera.jpg)

File: 4cd301025716f3f⋯.jpg (240.57 KB, 700x700, 1:1, Dendera_Zodiac.jpg)

File: 2c436a48b51ea9c⋯.gif (31.4 KB, 443x421, 443:421, Dendera_Zodiac_constellati….gif)

File: 812c19e096648d9⋯.jpg (60.93 KB, 300x300, 1:1, Constellations_pr_sentes_s….jpg)

>>9631322

(Please read from the start)

I really got curious about this Dendera Zodiac which was “Stolen” and replaced by a FAKE.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera_zodiac

“The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and Libra (the scales). This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. This led Jean-François Champollion to date the relief to the Greco-Roman period, but most of his contemporaries believed it to be of the New Kingdom. The relief, which John H. Rogers characterised as "the only complete map that we have of an ancient sky",[1] has been conjectured to represent the basis on which later astronomy systems were based.[2] It is now on display at the Musée du Louvre, Paris.”

“Description

The sky disc is centered on the north pole star, with Ursa Minor depicted as a jackal.[3] An inner disc is composed of constellations showing the signs of the zodiac.[a] Some of these are represented in the same Greco-Roman iconographic forms as their familiar counterparts (e.g. the Ram, Taurus, Scorpio, and Capricorn),[b] whilst others are shown in a more Egyptian form: Aquarius is represented as the flood god Hapy, holding two vases which gush water.Rogers noted the similarities of unfamiliar iconology with the three surviving tablets of a Seleucid zodiac and both relating to kudurru ('boundary stone') representations: in short, Rogers sees the Dendera zodiac as "a complete copy of the Mesopotamian zodiac.”

>> Astrology is another way to compare Ancient Egypt with Mesopotamia.

“Four women and four pairs of falcon-headed spirits, arranged 45° from one another, hold up the sky disc, the outermost ring of which features 36 spirits representing the 360 days of the Egyptian year. The square of the overall sculpture is oriented to the walls of the temple.

This sculptural representation of the zodiac in circular form is unique in ancient Egyptian art. More typical are the rectangular zodiacs which decorate the same temple's pronaos.”

>> No need to say how amazing the ancient’s knowledge is with Astrology and Mathematics. Also, did anons notice the shape/form of Orion and Sirius?

“History

During the Napoleonic campaign in Egypt, Vivant Denon drew the circular zodiac, the more widely known one, and the rectangular zodiacs. In 1802, after the Napoleonic expedition, Denon published engravings of the temple ceiling in his Voyage dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte.[5] These elicited a controversy as to the age of the zodiac representation, ranging from tens of thousands to a thousand years to a few hundred, and whether the zodiac was a planisphere or an astrological chart.[6] Sébastien Louis Saulnier, an antique dealer, commissioned Claude Lelorrain to remove the circular zodiac with saws, jacks, scissors and gunpowder.[7] The zodiac ceiling was moved in 1821 to Restoration Paris and, by 1822, was installed by Louis XVIII in the Royal Library (later called the National Library of France). In 1922, the zodiac moved from there to the Louvre.”

>> What are the odds of this? Merovingian bloodline “stole” the zodiac. Hm! Wonder what secrets are hidden behind all of this.

“Dating

The controversy around the zodiac's dating, known as the "Dendera Affair", involved people of the likes of Joseph Fourier (who estimated that the age was 2500 BC).[8] Champollion, among others, believed that it was a religious zodiac. Champollion placed the zodiac in fourth century AD.[9] Georges Cuvier placed the date 123 AD to 147 AD.[10] His discussion of the dating summarizes the reasoning as he understood it in the 1820s.”

- Page 108 –

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4f6974  No.9631560

File: 73ec74137b8ea56⋯.jpg (164.86 KB, 460x615, 92:123, Eclipse_solaire_du_7_mars_….jpg)

File: 029d6833b31ec29⋯.jpg (280.5 KB, 593x593, 1:1, Eclipse_lunaire_du_zodiaqu….jpg)

>>9631549

(Please read from the start)

“Sylvie Cauville of the Centre for Computer-aided Egyptological Research at Utrecht University and Éric Aubourg dated it to 50 BC through an examination of the configuration it shows of the five planets known to the Egyptians, a configuration that occurs once every thousand years, and the identification of two eclipses.[11] The solar eclipse indicates the date of March 7, 51 BC: it is represented by a circle containing the goddess Isis holding a baboon (the god Thoth) by the tail. The lunar eclipse indicates the date of September 25, 52 BC: it is represented by an Eye of Horus locked into a circle.”

>> It’s remarkable how EVERY SINGLE TIME there is an interesting object of the sort, it ends up with a controversy about it. This is a bloodline tactic to muddy the water and keep us away from the truth.

And I would like to point out to anons that this is not the first archaeological object = artifact, cabal has “stolen”. (((They))) have been showing a lot of interest in certain ancient area and objects for a long time now. The most recent occurrences of such behavior from cabal were when Bush got into the Iraq war = a lot of “special” archaeological artifacts were smuggled out and sold in the black market. And then it happened a second time with the so-called destruction of the artifacts in Iraq and Syria by ISIS….remember that one anons? Well, I’ve been suspecting that some NOT all were destroyed….I’ve been suspecting that some “notable” pieces were smuggled out and they are now in the possession of the Bloodline families. I always wonder what we will find out when one of their lairs is raided and searched. After all (((they))) have a hobby of collecting rare items. So I won’t be surprised if we found out some “stolen” or supposedly destroyed artifacts in their big underground vaults or in some secret rooms somewhere.

So since Sebastien-Louis Saulnier had to “guts” to order the theft of such an item, I decided to take a look at the fellow.

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A9bastien_Louis_Saulnier

« Sébastien-Louis Saulnier, né à Nancy le 29 janvier 1790, mort le 23 octobre 1835 à Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle, est auditeur au Conseil d'État en 1811, administrateur de la province de Minsk en 1812 et commissaire général de la police à Lyon en 1813.

Pendant les Cent-Jours il est successivement préfet de Tarn-et-Garonne et de préfet de l'Aude

Sous la Restauration, il contribue à plusieurs publications périodiques, et fonde la Revue britannique. En 1830, il devient préfet de la Mayenne, et ensuite brièvement préfet de police en septembre-octobre 1831, avant d'être nommé préfet du Loiret en novembre 1831.

C'est lui qui chargea Claude Lelorrain de ramener le zodiaque de Denderah à Paris, qui fut acheminé d’Égypte en 1821. Après de multiples péripéties racontées dans son livre Notice sur le voyage de M. Lelorrain, en Égypte; et observations sur le Zodiaque circulaire de Denderah, publié chez Sétier, en 1822 le zodiaque fut vendu par Saulnier à Louis XVIII, pour la somme de 150 000 francs1, une somme sans précédent pour l'époque, pour un artefact qui n'était pas catholique.

Il meurt à Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle, banlieue d'Orléans, le 23 octobre 1835 . »

>> Finally some details about the “business transaction” between Saulnier and Louis XVIII: it seems like the later paid a “fortune” to acquire the Dendera Zodiac.

“Œuvres

• De la centralisation administrative en France, Paris, Dondey-Dupré, 1833, br. in-8°.

• Des finances des États-Unis comparées à celles de la France, Paris, Dondey-Dupré, 1833. Extrait de la Revue britannique.

Fenimore Cooper a réfuté cet écrit.

• Des routes et des chemins de fer en France et des moyens de les améliorer, Paris, Dondey-Dupré, 1835, br. in-8°. Extrait de la Revue britannique. »

>> He got interested in the Railroads of France ^_^

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9c8a37  No.9642300

File: 410c0151be90770⋯.jpg (15.81 KB, 843x359, 843:359, Rhomboidal_Palette_Cleavel….jpg)

File: 41afd9dca4af778⋯.jpg (1.97 MB, 2000x1428, 500:357, Rhomboidal_palette_MET_10_….jpg)

File: 7c0458e8201202c⋯.jpg (62.24 KB, 384x355, 384:355, Palettes_Brooklyn_Museum.jpg)

File: 42baa15220b0cf3⋯.jpg (52.89 KB, 357x512, 357:512, Predynastic_Slate_Palettes….jpg)

File: fcf8ebc6dcaeded⋯.jpg (37.08 KB, 404x512, 101:128, Predynastic_Slate_Palettes….jpg)

>>9631560

(Please read from the start)

Now that we finished with the out-of-place-Artifacts mentioned in the Wikipedia’s page, I want to add some peculiar artifacts of my own, not listed there. The first is a set of artifacts that can be regrouped under the name of Palettes. We will be taking a general look, then focus on the notable ones, mostly Narmer’s Palette.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ancient_Egyptian_palettes

“A list of a small subset of ancient Egyptian palettes, ranging in the Naqada periods, 4th millennium BC, probably mostly from ~3500 to 3000 BC; some palettes may be from the later period of the earliest 3rd millennium BC.

These cosmetic palettes come in numerous shapes and sizes, and were often found in tombs or graves. They were preceded by a period of palettes called rhomboidal palettes, unadorned, and without the cosmetic mixing circle found on some of the later Naqada period palettes.”

“Alphabetical individual listing, (abbreviated)

• Battlefield Palette

• "Two-bird heads

palette (Brooklyn)"[5]

• "Bird palette (Louvre no XXX)"

(bird-resting, on its feet)[6]

• Double-Bird Palette, ("Anchor Palette")

• Bull Palette

• El Ahaiwah Dog Palette

• Four Dogs Palette, Giraffes Palette

• Oxford Palette

Minor Hierakonpolis Dogs Palette

• "Fish palette (Louvre dolphin type)"[7]

• New Kingdom: Fish-shaped palette-(Bulti-hieroglyph type); Adorned fish side/ with cosmetic side for daily use.[8]

• Gerzeh Palette

• Barbary Goat Palette

• Trussed-Goose Palette

• Guinea Fowl Palette

• Hunters Palette

• "Ka Palette (no. 1)"

• "Ka Palette (no. 2)"

• Libyan Palette

• Manshiyat Ezzat Palette

• Min Atnelope Palette

• Min Palette

• Narmer Palette

• "Turtle palette (no. 1)"-(Louvre)

(See zoomorphic palette)

• Turtle Palette no. 2”

After this, in the Wikipedia page, there are various lists of palettes regrouped according to their type, category; like for example Bird Palettes, Zoomorphic Palettes etc. If interested, anons can check them out themselves.

Next we are going to take a closer look at what those Palettes are.

- Page 110 –

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d3f87b  No.9658072

File: 22adf6db350b6bc⋯.png (50.41 KB, 469x288, 469:288, Egypt_ancient_detail_wadi_….png)

File: 2944cd2e05f8d53⋯.jpg (12.9 KB, 400x400, 1:1, Schist_Palette_in_the_form….jpg)

File: 6c991db1632f4de⋯.jpg (595.91 KB, 4273x3200, 4273:3200, an_egyptian_greywacke_cosm….jpg)

File: 986382ee412d046⋯.jpg (34.87 KB, 412x566, 206:283, Rectangle_Palette.jpg)

>>9642300

(Please read from the start)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmetic_palette

“Cosmetic palettes are archaeological artifacts, originally used in predynastic Egypt to grind and apply ingredients for facial or body cosmetics. The decorative palettes of the late 4th millennium BCE appear to have lost this function and became commemorative, ornamental, and possibly ceremonial. They were made almost exclusively out of siltstone with a few exceptions. The siltstone originated from quarries in the Wadi Hammamat.

Many of the palettes were found at Hierakonpolis, a center of power in pre-dynastic Upper Egypt. After the unification of the country, the palettes ceased to be included in tomb assemblages.”

“Notable palettes

Notable decorative palettes are:

• The Cosmetic palette in the form of a Nile tortoise

• The Narmer Palette, often thought to depict the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the pharaoh Narmer, Egyptian Museum, Cairo

• Libyan Palette, Egyptian Museum, Cairo

• The Four Dogs Palette, displaying African wild dogs,[1] giraffes, and other quadrupeds, Louvre

• The Battlefield Palette, British Museum and Ashmolean Museum

• The Bull Palette, at the Musée du Louvre, named for the bull at the top — obverse and reverse — trampling a man

• The Hunters Palette, British Museum and Louvre

Even undecorated palettes were often given pleasing shapes, such as the zoomorphic palettes, which included turtles and, very commonly, fish. The fish zoomorphic palette often had an upper-centrally formed hole, presumably for suspension, and thus display.

There are also Near East stone palettes, from Canaan,[2] Bactria, and Gandhara.”

>> It’s incredible how the words Canaan and Phoenicia don’t come out easily; (((they))) rather use Syria or Middle East instead of saying those 2 words. + The notable is actually the other LOCATIONS where such Palettes were found.

“History of Egyptian palettes

Siltstone was first utilized for cosmetic palettes by the Badarian culture. The first palettes used in the Badarian Period and in Naqada I were usually plain, rhomboidal or rectangular in shape, without any further decoration. It is in the Naqada II period in which the zoomorphic palette is most common. On these examples there is more focus on symbolism and display, rather than a purely functional object for grinding pigments. The importance of symbolism eventually outweighs the functional aspect with the more elite examples found in the Naqada III period, but there is also a reversion to non-zoomorphic designs among non-elite individuals.”

>> After this, we have a list of famous ancient Egyptian Pre-dynastic palettes.

- Page 111 –

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d3f87b  No.9658191

>>9658072

(Please read from the start)

I’m personally not that convinced by the explanation given to us; either it’s for cosmetic purpose or if it’s for ceremonial purpose. What bothers me is this LEAP from a cosmetic use to decorative to a ceremonial one. Like what we say in French: “passer du coq à l’âne”. If it only passed from a decorative use to a ceremonial one, then yeah, I would have bought it. But you see anons, the jump from a cosmetic palette to a decorative one…it doesn’t hold up….mostly when no MORTAR has been found near them, no traces of any kind on them. Notice the chemist tools: they have lids + mortars; so where are the mortars and pestles which come along with these palettes? We don’t see any with the palettes.

What am I talking about? These are scribe tools, and that’s a pestle and a mortar along with the other tools. Even when grinding food, you will always find a mortar present. So where are the mortars? And where are the residue marks? Where are the traces left from mixing make up products?

Another detail that there is no mention of is that both sides of the palettes are “decorated” (in some cases), which is odd. If it was for using cosmetic products then you don’t see the lower part = the rear; so there is no need to decorate that part. There are no handles, so these should have been placed on a flat surface, like how we use a plate nowadays. If this was for decoration, then with the small holes we see in most of them, if not all, we can hang them on walls. But you only see one side when you hang something on the wall, not both sides, no need to decorate the other side. So it doesn’t make sense to carve such elaborated designs on the back as well. For both sides to be this exquisitely carved it means those palettes are meant to be seen from both sides. Even the earliest ones, their shape, it’s not practical as a palette. Some are simply too large for it.

There is also the oddity of the designs. Is it normal to find hunting or war scenes on cosmetic related objects? Of course not, so these scenes must lean more to the decorative or ceremonial use of the palettes. And the “bare” simple zoomorphic shapes, doesn’t stick well with the ceremonial use.

Some archaeologists even suggested these are boat anchors but this doesn’t add up as well. The truth is these palettes are still a mystery that is still unsolved for me. The given explanations are not satisfactory nor that convincing.

An additional point that needs to be looked at is the designs themselves and this is what we are going to start doing from here on:

The first palette is called the “Gerzeh Palette”:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ancient_Egyptian_palettes

“The Gerzeh Palette, or "Hathor Palette", "Cow-Head Palette" has topics containing 5-stars, a pair of horns, and a stylized "head". The hieroglyphs are:

,

, and possibly a relation to

, Hathor-sistrum, (the shape of the cow's head, as on the Narmer Palette), and”

>> Well anons, not much is said about this palette but some suggest that the stars can be a constellation or part of a constellation. If this was the case, then this palette is evidence of advanced Egyptian knowledge with astronomy ever since the pre-dynastic era.

- Page 112 –

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d3f87b  No.9658400

File: 9b8e8c3690760b1⋯.png (6.05 MB, 2988x1838, 1494:919, Scribe_tools.png)

File: 2c61c04c9919790⋯.jpg (23.1 KB, 520x324, 130:81, Grinding_food.jpg)

File: 48fb276613fe37d⋯.jpg (271.24 KB, 1960x1307, 1960:1307, Chemist_tools_for_making_c….jpg)

File: 7429060c35c0096⋯.jpg (32.66 KB, 413x550, 413:550, Cosmic_palette_predynastic….jpg)

>>9658191

Sorry anons, forgot to attach the pictures related to page 112.

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1da254  No.9669416

File: 9a8e6f7861b027f⋯.jpg (192.17 KB, 382x640, 191:320, Mudstone_palette_with_hier….jpg)

>>9658400

>>9658191

(Please read from the start)

Next is the Min Palette:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Min_Palette

“The Min Palette, or El Amrah Palette is an ancient Egyptian cosmetic palette from El Amrah (for the Amratian Period), found in Naqada, tomb B62. It is held in the British Museum, no. 35501.”

“Description

The Min Palette is a flat slate palette, unadorned, with no iconographic scenes.

Two topics are displayed on the palette. The Symbol of Min, a compound-type hieroglyph arrangement, is centered at the top of the palette, and comprises 1/4 of the palette's front. The other motifs are opposed-facing bird heads on each top corner; the heads are small, with a thin neck, about a tenth the height of the palette, and the right head is damaged.

A small suspension hole is centered on the palette's top.”

“Min's emblem

The Emblem of Min on the palette is a typographic ligature of two Egyptian hieroglyphs–

The later horizontal form of the Min symbol (hieroglyph), (consisting of two opposing-faced arrows), is shown in an archaic form. Centered vertically overlaying the Min hieroglyph is a vertical "crook" or staff, the version of the 'straight staff.”

>> Why does anyone needs to suspend a cosmetic palette? Does that made much sense? Such type of objects are usually stored in trunks (for example). Since it was found in a tomb, why are the mortar and pestle missing? Where are the cosmetic pots as well? And how can they make sure the substance doesn’t spill off the palette while it’s being used? Isn’t the “cavity” in the center of the palette meant for that purpose, so how come there is none on these? But we do found a small concave cavity with the pestle type of tool used for grinding food or used by scribes.

Let’s continue with the rest of the palettes.

- Page 113 –

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1da254  No.9669476

File: 5ebb055e197612a⋯.jpg (41.67 KB, 484x415, 484:415, Bull_Palette_Abydos_Naqada….jpg)

File: 9d53afffc448e5b⋯.jpg (27.26 KB, 261x243, 29:27, Palette_with_Bull_E_11255_….jpg)

File: a882ec1d11efa09⋯.jpg (141.94 KB, 1024x743, 1024:743, Bull_palette_Louvre_Museum….jpg)

File: f94a6be09686b64⋯.jpg (485.56 KB, 534x681, 178:227, Bull_palette_Louvre_Museum….jpg)

>>9669416

(Please read from the start)

The Bull Palette: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bull_Palette

“The Bull Palette (French: palette célébrant une victoire) is an Ancient Egyptian greywacke cosmetic palette, carved in low relief and used, at least in principle, as a cosmetic palette for the grinding of cosmetics. It is dated to Naqada III, the final two centuries of the fourth millennium BC, immediately preceding the Early Dynastic Period). It is in the collection of the Musée du Louvre, inventory no. E11255.

The reverse of the Bull Palette has iconography that became hieroglyphs for the: clenched fist,[2] 5 standards[3] surmounted by animals, being represented by two hippopotamuses, the "Sacred Ibis", the Horus-Falcon, and the thuderbolt of Min–symbol. The fortified city on the palette's front is identified in its interior with a "larger-lion-and-'Nu'-(vessel).”

>> So now Wikipedia page is a tiny bit more honest when they used these words: “at least in principle”. Sounds like no one is sure of anything concerning these palettes.

“The palette

The Bull Palette-(remainder piece), about 10 inches (25 cm) is made of mudstone or schist, and is etched in more atypical medium to medium-low relief. A presumed 'fortified city' on the front in the upper register has a major loss of the city-rectangle on upper left showing this medium-level bas relief. The register below appears to be a smaller area of the palette, and has the remains, (about 1/4), of a second fortified city; a bird is one identifier in the city-fortified interior, with the rest missing.”

>> I do have a question after seeing this exquisite relief carved so well: Why aren’t there any traces of friction and wear on the back as it rests on a flat surface? Or is hold in a hand?

“Bull Palette front

The front of the Bull Palette has the top left iconography of the Bull overpowering a Warrior. The right half is missing, with a probable second bull facing the first, as part of the upper borders, the left and the right.

The rest of the front contains a large "fortified-walled-city", and is identified in the center with a "larger-lion-and-'Nu'-(vessel); a smaller register section below contains the upper left quarter of a 2nd fortified-city. The 2nd city is of smaller size than the upper register identified city.”

>> I don’t know why, but this supposedly “fortified city” reminds me of what is on the Med Sea Floor facing Benghazi (pages 84-85). If anons look closely to that underwater “elevated Square” you will see something like buttresses. And if you compare visually with this “fortified walled city” design on this palette….what do you see anons? Just make up your own mind about it after examining it. And did anyone notice the “lion” is standing on a mound or a hill?….Maybe it’s a mountain….let’s call it an elevated terrain.

“Bull Pallette reverse

The reverse has the same Bull overpowering a Warrior-(reversed).

A rope appears to encircle, or is at least part of the entire reverse, as one of the reverse motifs. The remaining piece-(of this Bull Palette) has possibly one of the more important motifs preserved in the palettes corpus. Five standards are shown collectively on the palettes right, and each is an iat standard (hieroglyph), but notably the base of each standard transforms into a 'clenched hand', which embraces the large-diameter encircling rope.

The five standards are:

1. A hippopotamus with open mouth

2. A hippopotamus with open mouth

3. The "Sacred Ibis"

4. The standing Horus-Falcon

5. Symbol: "Thunderbolt of Min"-(an encircled snake on standard?)”

- Page 114 –

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1da254  No.9669534

File: cd35bc26f28c6df⋯.jpg (36.9 KB, 560x287, 80:41, predynastic_egypt_met_muse….jpg)

File: 63eaaba8bdbdc8f⋯.png (74.07 KB, 800x879, 800:879, Hunters_palette_detail.png)

File: f0096db5f213a7b⋯.jpg (65.54 KB, 800x289, 800:289, Egypte_louvre_Hunters_pale….jpg)

>>9669476

(Please read from the start)

“Bull motif; fortified city motif

The motifs of the palette are presumably the Bull overpowering an Enemy, the named-fortified-cities, war-scenes, a collection of gods supporting the war-scenery-(on standards).

The palette's reverse contains only two other clues to the entire scene. The encircling rope has the Bull, and defeated Warrior, (and another presumed pair on left), and two other portions of warriors. Open space (field?) covers space as large, or larger than the two warrior portions. A warrior's leg is shown and is partially fractured-out (chipped), from the bas relief-(the knee portion); adjacent and below the leg, is a perfectly preserved warrior head, with eye, ear, beard, necklace cord, and a "stylized hairdo"-(close cropped).”

>> Seem like they are suggesting in this section that this relief subject was stereotyped. So do tell me anons, why would anyone decorate a cosmetic palette with war scenes?

Let’s move to the next palette: Hunter’s Palette.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hunters_Palette

“The Hunters Palette or Lion Hunt Palette is a circa 3100 BCE cosmetic palette from the Naqada III period of late prehistoric Egypt. The palette is broken: part is held by the British Museum and part is in the collection of the Louvre.”

>> Seems like (((they))) are splitting the spoils amongst them.

“Content

The Hunters Palette shows a complex iconography of lion hunting as well as the hunt of other animals such as birds, desert hares, and gazelle types; one gazelle is being contained by a rope. The weapons used in the twenty-man hunt are the bow and arrow, mace, throwing sticks, and spears. Two iconographic conjoined bull-forefronts adorn the upper right alongside a hieroglyphic-like symbol similar to the "shrine" hieroglyph, sḥ.”

>> I consider this a very manly scene carved on a cosmetic palette that was surely used by servants. I don’t see the nobles or royalty applying their own cosmetics using this. Such hunting scenes are meant to remind the one seeing it of the achievement. This is no cosmetic palette, more like a decorative or a commemorative palette. One last notable element is: the feather’s worn on the head of the hunters.

- Page 115 –

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ff2876  No.9680471

File: 0d2ea81b1fa019c⋯.jpg (123.38 KB, 800x849, 800:849, Battlefield_palette_Britis….jpg)

File: 89a0b80fc3cc489⋯.jpg (119.39 KB, 800x854, 400:427, Battlefield_palette_Britis….jpg)

File: 4a5f9987146bdba⋯.jpg (99.76 KB, 513x727, 513:727, Mesopotamian_clothing.jpg)

File: 5b88b31423c8043⋯.jpg (98.9 KB, 500x701, 500:701, sumerian_clothes_3.jpg)

File: f696bb4d825542d⋯.jpg (48.65 KB, 390x489, 130:163, Ancient_Egypt_Clothing.jpg)

>>9669534

(Please read from the start)

The next palette is called the Battlefield Palette:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battlefield_Palette

“The Battlefield Palette (also known as the Vultures Palette, the Giraffes Palette, or the Lion Palette)[1] may be the earliest battle scene representation of the dozen or more ceremonial or ornamental cosmetic palettes of ancient Egypt. Along with the others in this series of palettes, including the Narmer Palette, it includes some of the first representations of the figures, or glyphs, that became Egyptian hieroglyphs. Most notable on the Battlefield Palette is the standard (iat hieroglyph), and Man-prisoner hieroglyph, probably the forerunner that gave rise to the concept of the Nine Bows (representation of foreign tribal enemies).

The palettes probably date mostly from the Naqada III (ca. 3300–3100 BC),[2] i.e. late predynastic period, around 3100 BC.[3] The two major pieces of the Battlefield Palette are held by the British and Ashmolean Museums.”

“The Battlefield Palette, two fragments

The Battlefield Palette obverse contains the circular defined area for the mixing of a cosmetic substance. It contains the battlefield scene, and forerunners of hieroglyphs: prisoner, tribal-territory wooden standard, the horus-falcon and an ibis bird resting on standards. The fractured lower half of the prisoner on the obverse right may have a hieroglyph at his front (the rectangle, as rounded for land) with suspected papyrus plants attached on top.

The reverse of the palette has dramatically stylized versions of a bird, two antelope-like mammals, a vertical palm-tree trunk, a partial top with fruits, and short horizontal palm fronds.”

>> The animals on the reverse look like this or that, but it’s not for sure. It’s named by some as the Giraffe palette, but some say those are not giraffes but Antelope like animals. So your guess is as good as mine and as good as any other theory out there about them. I strongly believe those animals are not identified properly.

There is also only ONE person with clothes on this palette; unfortunately he is half “cut”. The lower part of his body is carved on the upper right corner, of the lower fragment, obverse side. His clothing is interesting because of their similarity with Mesopotamian clothing, mostly the early Sumerian one. Don’t get me wrong here anon, I’m not saying they are identical, but, there are some similarities. Comparing them with the clothes worn by Narmer on his famous palette and then dynastic Egypt, the difference in clothing style is striking.

This “clothed” person might not be “Egyptian” but it might be the leader of the “enemies” we see being captured. With their hands/arms tied up behind their back, they are not wearing any clothes = naked. So whoever this “clothed” person is, either he is from the “enemy’s side” or he is from ancient Egypt, he must have a higher status (king, noble, leader etc.) than the rest in order to wear such clothing, while the rest have none. Which brings me to the date: during this period, the earliest Sumerian city-states thrived, mostly Uruk, just compare the clothes. So could this “clothed” person have had some sort of “trading” business with Mesopotamia? Or is he from a Nubian or sub-Saharan area, defeated by the Egyptians? Anons, shouldn’t forget that we are talking about the pre-dynastic era here, where city-states existed and ancient Egypt was divided into 2 kingdoms. The city-states of Lower Egypt traded a lot with the Phoenician coast and Mesopotamia (page 88). So there are many possible explanations here. It all depends WHO this defeated enemy is.

- Page 116 –

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ff2876  No.9680523

File: 32fe966854de8de⋯.jpg (184.91 KB, 800x790, 80:79, Libyan_Palette_front_cropp….jpg)

File: 192fed9b6a08f27⋯.jpg (142.07 KB, 1024x723, 1024:723, Libyan_Palette_back_croppe….jpg)

File: 7ed05594580e31a⋯.png (21.32 KB, 343x516, 343:516, The_Abydos_City_Palette.png)

>>9680471

(Please read from the start)

Then, there is the Libyan palette: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libyan_Palette

“The Libyan Palette (also variously known as the City Palette,[1] the Libyan Booty Palette, the Libyan Tribute Palette, the Siege Palette, the Tehenu- or Tjehenu Palette) is the surviving lower portion of a stone cosmetic palette bearing carved decoration and hieroglyphic writing. It dates from the Naqada III or Protodynastic Period of Egypt (c. 3200 to 3000 BC). The palette was found at Abydos, Egypt.

The palette is made of schist and it is 19 cm long and 22 cm wide.[2] Housed in Room 43 on the ground floor of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo,[3] its Journal d'Entrée number is JE27434 and its Catalogue Général number is CG14238.”

“Content

On one side, there is a scene of walking lines of animals within registers and the hieroglyphic inscription hnw or tjhnw (usually transcribed as tehenu), most likely a toponym of Western Nile Delta or, according to most scholars, what was later associated with Libya.[4][5][6] Below these animals, an orchard with olive trees is depicted.

The opposite side of the Libyan Palette shows the feet of some persons above a register line. Under the register, seven fortified towns are depicted, with the name of each town written within the wall. Above each town, an animal grasps its wall with the mr (hoe) hieroglyph.[5] Günter Dreyer has interpreted this scene as a scene of destruction and the animals, or animal standards, as royal names.[1][4][7] However, other scholars have suggested that the animals represent royal armies or symbols.[1] Another completely different interpretation is that the scene represents the foundation of these cities.”

>> The first notable thing is the number of “cities” = 7. Anons should remember that these cities are in the pre-dynastic era, which means these are city-states. So this means each city-state had a “king”, so here we are dealing with 7 kings and can we say 7 kingdoms = 7 city-states.

Not all the city-states have animal symbols though….yes, they can be symbols representing the coat of arms of either the conquered or the ones doing the conquering. The problems lies in the fact that we only have the lower section of this palette, maybe if we had the rest, things would have been clearer. Some in the alternative history even suggest the reverse contains constellations, zodiac signs and stars; it’s a star map. Interesting theory.

One last notable is where this palette was found = in Abydos.

- Page 117 –

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ff2876  No.9680584

File: af0b56ed5840eb1⋯.png (2.05 MB, 1234x1250, 617:625, 2_dogs_palette.png)

File: dbf304e2bc4cd1e⋯.jpg (80.72 KB, 800x800, 1:1, 4_dogsPalette_with_quadrup….jpg)

File: 8fb8b6088546149⋯.jpg (91.8 KB, 800x800, 1:1, 4_dogs_Palette_with_quadru….jpg)

File: 42d8b3a21acec40⋯.jpg (614.26 KB, 800x1211, 800:1211, giraffe_at_lake_manyara.jpg)

File: 71884412244c4fc⋯.jpg (1.8 MB, 1550x1900, 31:38, Cylinder_seal_lions_Louvre….jpg)

>>9680523

(Please read from the start)

There are 2 palettes that are kind of similar in the subject of the design. One is called the 2 dogs palette and the second is called the 4 dogs palette. They are named according to the number of dogs on them: one has two and the second has 4 of them. “The Four Dogs Palette, displaying African wild dogs,[1] giraffes, and other quadrupeds, Louvre” – this is from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmetic_palette

What is interesting in these 2 palettes are the animals, mostly those with long necks that are “called” giraffes by main stream historians. If anons zoom in and examine closely those “giraffes” they have feline faces, paws and tails. Just compare visually with a giraffe: the tail is different, the “horns” are missing; and where are the giraffe’s spots? This is like playing “spot the difference”. We can argue that the shape of giraffe changed, evolved….but it’s the first time I see a giraffe change and evolve from a feline looking type to the current mammal. So no, this doesn’t hold ground. On the 2 dogs palette, on each side of the “circle”, we have these long neck animals which are both biting an antelope. Can someone tell me why giraffes are biting into an antelope? = because these are not giraffes; while the real giraffe is carved on the tip of the reverse side of the 2 dogs palette. Compare visually.

Some suggest that these are felines with stretched necks on purpose just to fill the space and/or a styled way to make the circle. That fits for the 2 dogs palette front, but it doesn’t work for the 4 dogs palette. So this doesn’t provide a satisfying explanation as well. And on the reverse side of the 2 dog palette it seems one of the long neck feline animal is biting into the leg of an Antelope: no need to manage or fill space here, so why the long neck?

While in the alternative history, some suggest that these are actually dinosaurs (= extinct) or animals that no longer exist nowadays called Serpopards (= imaginary). Well, a lot of people simply laughed this idea away for decades. I was among them because it never made sense. I thought just like the rest: this is ridiculous – until I started lurking on this board, and I realized what I was taught, what I knew about this, wasn’t true. So I started searching, and I found this cylinder seal from Mesopotamia, precisely from Uruk, the Sumerian city-state, dating back from 4100-3000 B.C., in display at the Louvre museum. What do you see anons? What do you see?

On this cylinder seal, there is plenty of space, no need to “fill” it by stretching stylistically the necks. All the sculptor needs to do is make the felines a bit bigger in size to fill the space. But this isn’t the case, is it? This is making me think these long necked animals truly existed. It’s a crazy wild thought, isn’t it? But if you add to it the Sivatherium statuette found in Kish (page 61), is it that crazy wild thought now? We have 2 animals with long necks that are not around: one is supposed to be extinct millions of years ago, and the second one is supposed to be the fruit of an artist imagination according to the main stream history. I say this is misleading, a lie and wrong. For around a year now, I’ve started to suspect these animals truly existed, along side humans. They might have gone extinct around the IVth millenium B.C., but they were around just long enough for humans, from back then, to keep an artistic representation of them.

- Page 118 –

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ff2876  No.9680609

File: dd2a9ab698bd9be⋯.jpg (490.58 KB, 1545x2000, 309:400, Serpopard_drawing.jpg)

>>9680584

(Please read from the start)

Let’s take a quick look at these Serpopard, shall we anons:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serpopard

“The serpopard is a mythical animal known from Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian art. The word "serpopard" is a modern coinage. It is a portmanteau of "serpent" and "leopard", derived from the interpretation that the creature represents an animal with the body of a leopard and the long neck and head of a serpent. However, they have also been interpreted as "serpent-necked lions". There is no known name for the creature in any ancient texts.”

“Images

The image is featured specifically on decorated cosmetic palettes from the Predynastic period of Egypt, and more extensively, as design motifs on cylinder seals in the Protoliterate period of Mesopotamia (circa 3500–3000 BC). Examples include the Narmer Palette and the Small Palette of Nekhen (Hierakonopolis). The cylinder seal displayed to the right displays the motif very clearly. Typically, two creatures are depicted, with their necks intertwined.”

“Interpretations

The image generally is classified as a feline, and with close inspection resembles an unusually long-necked lioness. It bears the characteristic tuft of the species at the end of the tail, there are no spots, the round-eared head most closely resembles the lioness rather than a serpent, because serpents do not have ears, and there are no typical serpent features such as scales, tongue, or head shape.

It has been suggested that in Ancient Egyptian art the serpopard represents "a symbol of the chaos that reigned beyond Egypt's borders", which the king must tame. They are normally shown conquered or restrained, as in the Narmer Palette, or attacking other animals. But in Mesopotamian art they are shown in pairs, with intertwined necks”

>> On Narmer’s palette they are also a pair with intertwined necks. Not just in Mesopotamia.

“In Mesopotamia, the use of these "serpent-necked lions" and other animals and animal hybrids are thought to be "manifestations of the chthonic aspect of the god of natural vitality, who is manifest in all life breaking forth from the earth.”

>> Animal hybrids….oh this is a good one.

“Similarly to other ancient peoples, the Egyptians are known for their very accurate depictions of the creatures they observed. Their composite creatures have very recognizable features of the animals originally representing those deities merged.

Lionesses played an important role in the religious concepts of both Upper and Lower Egypt, and are likely to have been designated as animals associated with protection and royalty. The long necks may be a simple exaggeration, used as a framing feature in an artistic motif, either forming the cosmetic mixing area as in the Narmer Palette, or surrounding it as in the Small Palette.

Depictions of fantastic animals also are known from Elam and Mesopotamia,[4] as well as many other cultures.”

>> (((They))) are pulling our leg on this one anons.

Just a note: Remember in the myth of the destruction of mankind (book of the Heavenly Cow) the Eye - Hathor, sent by Ra takes the lioness form of Sekhmet (page 71).

- Page 119 –

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9935b5  No.9696115

File: c5bbe084eb18cf1⋯.jpg (116.89 KB, 840x1040, 21:26, Griffin.jpg)

File: 15ce774fe0ae380⋯.png (86.71 KB, 501x497, 501:497, Protodynastic_Palette_Reli….png)

File: 0dc4a32599d9d6f⋯.png (101.43 KB, 460x603, 460:603, the_Newby_Palette_21_Barbi….png)

>>9680609

(Please read from the start)

As if that is not enough, anons take a very close look to the reverse side of the 2 dogs palette, just under the paw of the dog on your left side. What do you see? = an animal, with wings, with the head of an eagle, while its body is that of a feline. Isn’t that a GRIFFIN? (maybe with the difference of the front paws). The Griffin is an imaginative, fantasy, fairytale animal, not real – that’s what we were told. So I want to know how the heck did the Ancient Egyptian know about it and why is it carved on a pre-dynastic palette? Just ask yourself: did this animal really exist or it’s pure fiction? Makes one wonder what other “fantasy creature” possibly existed: Unicorns, Pegasus, even DRAGONS? But all of these are just creatures imagined by fantasy story writers – that’s what we’ve been told. What is the truth about this? It’s still unclear. We need more evidence, much more, before making up our minds about this. Mostly that no skeletons of such animals have been found….yet….according to what we’ve been told.

(Some of the comments I made in the past, in this place, sounded silly for anons, not understood, but none of what I’m talking about is shallow, everything has a meaning, even if it doesn’t seem like that to the reader. I even know WHO is keeping track of what I write. Sometimes, it’s so obvious, mostly when you have been “observing” for a long time)

I want to point out that decades ago, I only looked for the “Flood” and Creation myths and tried to gather information as much as I could. In order not to do the same work twice and go through the same civilization twice, I decided as I’m working on this to add and insert the “recent” = new parts. I simply didn’t want to come back again at the same civilization if I could avoid that; I rather take ONE look at each and go through it at the best of my ability. This is why I’m adding History and Out-of-place-Artifacts, as well as peculiar stuff, after the Myths section. As I was writing this, I’ve thought it would be more practical to do it this way, for the reader. I might have missed already or will be missing an item or two that escaped my attention; if this is the case and it was brought to my attention, I will insert it later on and attach it to adequate section. I only wanted to make that clear for anons so they would know how I’m proceeding.

Before moving the “cherry on top of the cake” among the MANY palettes: Narmer’s palette, I want to draw attention to 3 of them:

The first one is in Munich and the second is in Geneva (if I’m not mistaking):

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Protodynastic-Palette-Relief-Fragment-SAS-Munich-his-palette-relief-fragment-shows-the_fig18_265492234

“Protodynastic Palette Relief Fragment-SAS, Munich his palette relief fragment shows the classic symbols of the summer T solstice ca. 3000 B.C. The sun is represented as a round c two lions with overlon write: (our translation) "the This ungulate [hoofed animal], a bull, represents the constellation Major. In later times, this was portrayed only by a bull shank (lower leg).”

- Page 120 –

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9935b5  No.9696351

File: 6eb91fcd5c69ff7⋯.png (337.35 KB, 786x600, 131:100, palette_cosmetique_gerzeen….png)

File: 866cbe467c57bcc⋯.png (467.52 KB, 997x526, 997:526, Egyptian_painted_pottery_m….png)

File: bc743f2c1a5d1a2⋯.jpg (21 KB, 610x339, 610:339, Egyptian_traveling_boat.jpg)

File: 792a3344105f65d⋯.jpg (97.39 KB, 1024x768, 4:3, slide2_l.jpg)

>>9696115

(Please read from the start)

>> At first glance they look like nicely decorated palette with animal theme, but some actually interpret these as “star maps” or “cosmic maps”. This shouldn’t surprise anons at all, and it doesn’t surprise me. When we take into consideration the layout of the Giza pyramids and the Dendera Zodiac (pages 108-109), and we’ve seen echoes of it with the “Cow palette” (page 112). Ancient Egyptians are well-known for their knowledge of the stars; even though the representation of some of the constellations was different with them, like Orion and Sirius on the Dendera Zodiac. Anons shouldn’t forget this is ancient knowledge, pre-dynastic, and it was transmitted to later generations, went all the way to the Ptolemaic era. So seeing stars and constellation on artifacts shouldn’t surprise anyone.

The last item is this palette: everyone calls this the “ship” palette because at first glance it does look like a ship, doesn’t it? With the ship bow looking like the head of an animal, unfortunately not identified because it was damaged. It’s from the Gerzean period, also known as Naqada II period, going from around 3500 to 3200 B.C.

What is peculiar about this palette are the 3….what should I call them anons? = “structures” on the boat. When I tried to make a visual comparison with predynastic boat “artifacts” found in this time, I first bumped into this pottery boat; which ended up evolving into the much known Egyptian boat during the dynastic times. As anons can see, there is no visual “match”.

The match I got were drawings in a Tomb in Hierakonpolis and the same type of drawings on pottery. They are part of what I’m going to write a bit further, so I’m going to leave it to that section. But I will ask anons to keep this palette in mind. A few pages down and I will be right at it.

- Page 121 –

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5c0271  No.9705591

File: bdf68bd9c2a1ada⋯.jpg (1.11 MB, 2566x1808, 1283:904, Narmer_Palette.jpg)

File: 8794375971741e1⋯.jpg (63.85 KB, 665x400, 133:80, narmerpalette.jpg)

>>9696351

(Please read from the start)

I want to finish about the palettes with what we consider as the “crown jewels” of the palettes and that is King Narmer’s palette:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narmer_Palette

“The Narmer Palette, also known as the Great Hierakonpolis Palette or the Palette of Narmer, is a significant Egyptian archeological find, dating from about the 31st century BC, belonging, at least nominally, to the category of Cosmetic palettes. It contains some of the earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions ever found. The tablet is thought by some to depict the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the king Narmer. On one side, the king is depicted with the bulbed White Crown of Upper (southern) Egypt, and the other side depicts the king wearing the level Red Crown of Lower (northern) Egypt. Along with the Scorpion Macehead and the Narmer Maceheads, also found together in the Main Deposit at Nekhen, the Narmer Palette provides one of the earliest known depictions of an Egyptian king. The Palette shows many of the classic conventions of Ancient Egyptian art, which must already have been formalized by the time of the Palette's creation.[1] The Egyptologist Bob Brier has referred to the Narmer Palette as "the first historical document in the world".

>> Notice the choice of words anons and how it changed from a cosmetic palette to “belonging, at least nominally, to the category of Cosmetic palettes”. Really? At the end, (((they))) admitted it’s not a cosmetic palette, so what is it?

Well, they say it better than I do: “classic conventions of Ancient Egypt Art”; this is what I was trying to explain when I was talking about the Helicopter Hieroglyph. And then the next part of the sentence is actually remarkable in itself: “which must already have been formalized by the time of the Palette's creation”. Do you even realize what this is implying anons? (They are assuming this). It doesn’t just means that from the first Pharaoh, from the first dynasty, till the arrival of the Ptolemaic dynasty, those sculpting rules barely made any changes. But it also means these rules were pre-existing to the dynastic times. We are talking about the IVth millennium B.C. , don’t forget that anons. This is another field where comparison can be made with Mesopotamia.

“The Palette, which has survived five millennia in almost perfect condition, was discovered by British archeologists James E. Quibell and Frederick W. Green, in what they called the Main Deposit in the Temple of Horus at Nekhen, during the dig season of 1897–98.[3] Also found at this dig were the Narmer Macehead and the Scorpion Macehead. The exact place and circumstances of these finds were not recorded very clearly by Quibell and Green. In fact, Green's report placed the Palette in a different layer one or two yards away from the deposit, which is considered to be more accurate on the basis of the original excavation notes.[4] It has been suggested that these objects were royal donations made to the temple.[5] Nekhen, or Hierakonpolis, was one of four power centers in Upper Egypt that preceded the consolidation of Upper Egypt at the end of the Naqada III period.[6] Hierakonpolis’s religious importance continued long after its political role had declined.[7] Palettes were typically used for grinding cosmetics, but this palette is too large and heavy (and elaborate) to have been created for personal use and was probably a ritual or votive object, specifically made for donation to, or use in, a temple. One theory is that it was used to grind cosmetics to adorn the statues of the gods.

The Narmer Palette is part of the permanent collection of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.[9] It is one of the initial exhibits which visitors have been able to see when entering the museum.[9] It has the Journal d'Entrée number JE32169 and the Catalogue Général number CG14716.”

>> Do anons swallow the explanation given about the discovery: “The exact place and circumstances of these finds were not recorded very clearly”? Does anyone reading it believe this? I don’t. It’s incredible isn’t it anons how the greatest discoveries are always wrapped in controversy, uncertainty and mystery. And the explanation given as to adorn the statues of the gods with, doesn’t hold up much…..because both sides are decorated, not ONE and most of the palettes were found in tombs. This being a votive object doesn’t make more sense: this is a heavy object, not easy to carry.

- Page 122 –

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5c0271  No.9705616

>>9705591

(Please read from the start)

“Description

The Narmer Palette is a 63-centimetre-tall (2.07 ft), shield-shaped, ceremonial palette, carved from a single piece of flat, soft dark gray-green siltstone. The stone has often been wrongly identified, in the past, as being slate or schist. Slate is layered and prone to flaking, and schist is a metamorphic rock containing large, randomly distributed mineral grains. Both are unlike the finely grained, hard, flake-resistant siltstone, whose source is from a well-attested quarry that has been used since pre-dynastic times at Wadi Hammamat.[11] This material was used extensively during the pre-dynastic period for creating such palettes and also was used as a source for Old Kingdom statuary. A statue of the 2nd dynasty pharaoh Khasekhemwy, found in the same complex as the Narmer Palette at Hierakonpolis, also was made of this material.”

>> So now it’s a ceremonial palette…Why can’t (((they))) just make up (((their))) minds about it?

“Both sides of the Palette are decorated, carved in raised relief. At the top of both sides are the central serekhs bearing the rebus symbols n'r (catfish) and mr (chisel) inside, being the phonetic representation of Narmer's name.[10] The serekh on each side are flanked by a pair of bovine heads with highly curved horns, thought to represent the cow goddess Bat. She was the patron deity of the seventh nome of Upper Egypt, and was also the deification of the cosmos within Egyptian mythology during the pre-dynastic and Old Kingdom periods of Ancient Egyptian history.”

>> Number 7 pop up again. And this is what I meant when I said Astrology was very present in Ancient Egyptian artifacts (page 120).

“The Palette shows the typical Egyptian convention for important figures in painting and reliefs of showing the striding legs and the head in profile, but the torso as from the front. The canon of body proportion based on the "fist", measured across the knuckles, with 18 fists from the ground to the hairline on the forehead is also already established.[13] Both conventions remained in use until at least the conquest by Alexander the Great some 3,000 years later. The minor figures in active poses, such as the king's captive, the corpses and the handlers of the serpopard beasts, are much more freely depicted.”

“Recto side

As on the other side, two human-faced bovine heads, thought to represent the patron cow goddess Bat, flank the serekhs. The goddess Bat is, as she often was, shown in portrait, rather than in profile as is traditional in Egyptian relief carving. Hathor, who shared many of Bat's characteristics, is often depicted in a similar manner. Some authors suggest that the images represent the vigor of the king as a pair of bulls.

A large picture in the center of the Palette depicts Narmer wielding a mace wearing the White Crown of Upper Egypt (whose symbol was the flowering lotus). On the left of the king is a man bearing the king's sandals, flanked by a rosette symbol. To the right of the king is a kneeling prisoner, who is about to be struck by the king. A pair of symbols appear next to his head perhaps indicating his name (Wash) or indicating the region where he was from. Above the prisoner is a falcon, representing Horus, perched above a set of papyrus flowers, the symbol of Lower Egypt. In his talons, he holds a rope-like object which appears to be attached to the nose of a man's head that also emerges from the papyrus flowers, perhaps indicating that he is drawing life from the head. The papyrus has often been interpreted as referring to the marshes of the Nile Delta region in Lower Egypt, or that the battle happened in a marshy area, or even that each papyrus flower represents the number 1,000, indicating that 6,000 enemies were subdued in the battle.

Below the king's feet is a third section, depicting two naked, bearded men. They are either running or are meant to be seen as sprawling dead upon the ground. Appearing to the left of the head of each man is a hieroglyphic sign, the first a walled town, the second a type of knot, probably indicating the name of a defeated town.”

- Page 123 –

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5c0271  No.9705642

File: 0417a859ab118fd⋯.png (1.15 MB, 800x720, 10:9, Narmer_palette_83d40m_hath….png)

>>9705616

(Please read from the start)

“Verso side

Below the bovine heads is what appears to be a procession. Narmer is depicted at nearly the full height of the register, emphasizing his god-like status in an artistic practice called hierarchic scale, shown wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt, whose symbol was the papyrus. He holds a mace and a flail, two traditional symbols of kingship. To his right are the hieroglyphic symbols for his name, though not contained within a serekh. Behind him is his sandal-bearer, whose name may be represented by the rosette appearing adjacent to his head, and a second rectangular symbol that has no clear interpretation but which has been suggested may represent a town or citadel.

Below the belt of the king are four heads of Hathor (Bat) atop columns, resembling those seen built in temples of Ancient Egypt throughout many dynasties. They also are the same heads as those that adorn the top of each side of the palette.”

>> I want to point out that in the Dendera Zodiac we have also 4 pillars; symbolizing the 4 cardinal points. So there is a possibility those 4 Hathor pillars on Narmer’s clothing might symbolize the 4 cardinal points to say that the Pharaoh is the rulers of the 4 corners of the earth.

“Immediately in front of the pharaoh is a long-haired man, accompanied by a pair of hieroglyphs that have been interpreted as his name: Tshet (this assumes that these symbols had the same phonetic value used in later hieroglyphic writing). Before this man are four standard bearers, holding aloft an animal skin, a dog, and two falcons. At the far right of this scene are ten decapitated corpses, with heads at their feet, possibly symbolizing the victims of Narmer's conquest. Above them are the symbols for a ship, a falcon, and a harpoon, which has been interpreted as representing the names of the towns that were conquered.”

>> I don’t agree with the interpretation presented about the boat, the harpoon and the falcon. Remember the Libyan palette? The cities were supposedly in those square boxes…..so this doesn’t match. Remember anons, the rules of sculpting these things were rigid and well established. Everything is stereotyped.

“Below the procession, two men are holding ropes tied to the outstretched, intertwining necks of two serpopards confronting each other. The serpopard is a mythological creature whose name is a portmanteau of the words "serpent" and "leopard" (though the spotless beast with tufted tail more closely resembles a lioness.) The circle formed by their curving necks is the central part of the Palette, which is the area where the cosmetics would have been ground.”

>> So now we are back to the cosmetic palette explanation.

“Upper and Lower Egypt each worshipped lioness war goddesses as protectors; the intertwined necks of the serpopards may thus represent the unification of the state. Similar images of such mythical animals are known from other contemporaneous cultures, and there are other examples of late-predynastic objects (including other palettes and knife handles such as the Gebel el-Arak Knife) which borrow similar elements from Mesopotamian iconography, suggesting Egypt-Mesopotamia relations.”

>> Of course there were trade, cultural and diplomatic relations with Mesopotamia. It’s even mentioned in the historical part I’ve included. But this doesn’t mean the serpopard design was “important” from there; mostly when we have other “fabulous” animals depicted as well in Egypt; like the sphinx and the griffin etc.

- Page 124 –

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0de423  No.9716853

File: d1211726a6ba773⋯.png (62.22 KB, 372x473, 372:473, The_Narmer_Palette_front_s….png)

File: 0181dfc71aaa583⋯.jpg (12.43 KB, 319x268, 319:268, Narmer_palette_bull_trampl….jpg)

File: c83e20975fb654b⋯.jpg (119.11 KB, 737x870, 737:870, Egyptian_make_up_wooden_pa….jpg)

File: b6b8e5ac47600b8⋯.jpg (44.13 KB, 850x540, 85:54, Elegant_Egyptian_Breccia_C….jpg)

File: 43fa8f87e2f649e⋯.png (186.13 KB, 600x364, 150:91, p2p3_006a_naqada_ii_burial….png)

>>9705642

(Please read from the start)

“At the bottom of the Palette, a bovine image is seen knocking down the walls of a city while trampling on a fallen foe. Because of the lowered head in the image, this is interpreted as a presentation of the king vanquishing his foes, "Bull of his Mother" being a common epithet given to Egyptian kings as the son of the patron cow goddess.[16] This posture of a bovine has the meaning of "force" in later hieroglyphics.”

>> See how the city walls return along with the buttresses. We don’t have that in the upper register.

Some in the alternative history interpret that middle and third registers with connections to astrology. The circle of the middle register – formed by the serpopards – is considered a solar eclipse or a black hole. While the bull trampling an enemy is said to refer to constellations.

“Scholarly debate

The Palette has raised considerable scholarly debate over the years.[17] In general, the arguments fall into one of two camps: scholars who believe that the Palette is a record of actual events, and other academics who argue that it is an object designed to establish the mythology of united rule over Upper and Lower Egypt by the king. It had been thought that the Palette either depicted the unification of Lower Egypt by the king of Upper Egypt, or recorded a recent military success over the Libyans,[18] or the last stronghold of a Lower Egyptian dynasty based in Buto.[19] More recently, scholars such as Nicholas Millet have argued that the Palette does not represent a historical event (such as the unification of Egypt), but instead represents the events of the year in which the object was dedicated to the temple. Whitney Davis has suggested that the iconography on this and other pre-dynastic palettes has more to do with establishing the king as a visual metaphor of the conquering hunter, caught in the moment of delivering a mortal blow to his enemies.[20] John Baines has suggested that the events portrayed are "tokens of royal achievement" from the past and that "the chief purpose of the piece is not to record an event but to assert that the king dominates the ordered world in the name of the gods and has defeated internal, and especially external, forces of disorder.”

>> Let’s talk a bit about the palettes:

It’s obvious the main stream history given explanation doesn’t hold in its entirety.

1 – The rhomboidal palettes: Saying those palettes are for cosmetics use, doesn’t hold much ground, mostly that no mortars or pestles were found next to them or in their vicinity. There is total absence of a convex cavity: without it, the ingredients will spill off the palette since it’s flat. And there is no handle. I’ve added some confirmed cosmetic palette pictures for anons to have a visual comparison. The back of the real cosmetic palettes are barely decorated (simple decoration) or not at all.

Some do have symbolic or small carvings on them, while they also come in many shapes and forms. In other words, they are rather plain for being used as decoration. I didn’t notice any holes (for hanging) in the rhomboidal shapes, so we got to disregard them as a decorative item.

They might be something like votive offerings to the temple, but this doesn’t explain their presence in tombs (remember anons, a large number of these palettes were found in Hierakonpolis tombs). Using them for religious ceremonial purposes doesn’t make much sense since they are so flat and plain.

At some point, I thought them being used as milestones, but this doesn’t explain why we found them in tombs; so this thought of mine is wrong. And then I thought they might be weight stones but no scales were found in those tombs. I’ve added a layout of one of the tomb in Hierakonpolis with a Rhomboidal palette, just for anons to see how they were laid in it.

Could they have been wrapped with perishable material, like animal skin, papyrus or fabric? These rhomboidal palettes are the hardest to figure out. The riddle wasn’t solved here.

- Page 125 –

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0de423  No.9716881

>>9716853

(Please read from the start)

2 – The zoomorphic palettes: the same arguments made for the rhomboidal palettes can be made for these about being cosmetic palettes. These do not have any votive use, for the same arguments I’ve given for the rhomboidal palettes.

Most have holes in them, which implies they can be hanged. Seeing how plain they are, but in animal shapes, this category of palettes can be used for decorative purpose, which can also explain their presence in tombs.

Since the designs are of animals, they can also represent “protein” offerings for the dead to be consumed in the afterlife. In the layouts of the tombs, you can see there were many jars near the dead, which contained the food offerings. So could these be a symbolic representation of the “protein” source to go along with the rest, as food for the dead in the afterlife? It’s just a theory of mine, nothing more, nothing less. I might be totally wrong about it. Just saying my thoughts out loud.

3 – The decorated palettes: I’ve never seen a cosmetic palette with this much decoration on BOTH sides. The subjects decorating it are usually considered as manly = hunting, wild life and war. I’m not convinced these are used for cosmetics.

Same goes for them being decorative palettes; we don’t need to decorate both sides because only one side will be seen. Some say, these palettes were used like how painting palettes are used. If so, where are the traces of substance and most importantly where is the handle to hold this steady?

They don’t have any religious subject, it’s more like a “political” or “social” one = war, hunting. Some suggest these palettes we colored, as in having vivid colors on the scenes. Till now, there is no conclusive result about this.

But these, I strongly believe, are some type of register or records. If they have hidden astrological meaning or not, I think these are like a piece of paper written on both sides, which contains certain type of information, to be preserved. This explains why we found them in temples and in tombs and it also explains the subjects chosen for the decoration. Temples were known to be records keepers = the archives. And does it surprise anyone that a person kept some type of register of a specific historical event in his tomb? If some are truly “star maps” then it makes perfect sense why they were found in temples.

Again, I believe these are registers to pin or preserve a specific event in time.

It’s hard for me to believe that these palettes were not listed as an out-of-place-artifacts, and they have been overlooked by the alternative history as well. The mystery of these palettes is far from being solved and it seems they are of importance.

But maybe looking at the context of these palettes might help us get a better picture and clear a bit the fog surrounding them.

- Page 126 –

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0de423  No.9716899

File: 5bb4d4678df0efd⋯.jpg (104.6 KB, 883x716, 883:716, Hierakonpolis_location_Map.jpg)

>>9716881

(Please read from the start)

Next we are going to take a look at Hierakonpolis (the Hellenistic name), also known as Nekhen in Ancient Egypt:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nekhen

“Nekhen (/ˈnɛkən/) or Hierakonpolis (/ˌhaɪərəˈkɒnpəlɪs/; Ancient Greek: Ἱεράκων πόλις Hierakōn polis "Hawk City",[1] Egyptian Arabic: ‎, romanized: el-Kōm el-Aḥmar, lit. 'the Red Mound'[2]) was the religious and political capital of Upper Egypt at the end of prehistoric Egypt (c. 3200–3100 BC) and probably also during the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3100–2686 BC).

The oldest known tomb with painted decoration on its plaster walls is located in Nekhen and is thought to date to ca. 3500-3200 BC. It shares distinctive imagery with artifacts from the Gerzeh culture.”

“Horus cult center

Nekhen was the center of the cult of a hawk deity, Horus of Nekhen, which raised one of the most ancient Egyptian temples in this city. It retained its importance as the cultic center for this divine patron of the kings long after the site had otherwise declined.

The ruins of the city originally were excavated toward the end of the nineteenth century by the English archaeologists James Quibell and Frederick W. Green.

Quibell and Green discovered the "Main Deposit", a foundation deposit beneath the temple,[3] in 1894. Quibell originally was trained under Flinders Petrie, the father of modern Egyptology, however, he failed to follow Petrie's methods. The temple was a difficult site to excavate to begin with, so his excavation was poorly conducted and then poorly documented. Specifically, the situational context of the items therein is poorly recorded and often, the reports of Quibell and Green are in contradiction.”

>> If you believe in Fairytales, then you can believe this excuse given about the “poor” excavation and records. The same type of excuse given by Jacques de Morgan.

“The most famous artifact commonly associated with the main deposit, the Narmer Palette, now is thought probably not to have been in the main deposit at all. Quibell's report made in 1900 put the palette in the deposit, but Green's report in 1902 put it about one to two yards away. Green's version is substantiated by earlier field notes (Quibell kept none), so it is now the accepted record of events.”

>> So even the dating of the Narmer’s palette is doubtful.

“The main deposit dates to the early Old Kingdom,[4] but the artistic style of the objects in the deposit indicate that they were from Naqada III and were moved into the deposit at a later date. The other important item in the deposit clearly dates to the late prehistoric.[6] This object, the Scorpion Macehead, depicts a king known only by the ideogram for scorpion, now called Scorpion II, participating in what seems to be a ritual irrigation ceremony.[7] Although the Narmer Palette is more famous because it shows the first king to wear both the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt, the Scorpion Macehead also indicates some early military hostility with the north by showing dead lapwings, the symbol of Lower Egypt, hung from standards.”

- Page 127 –

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4fe80b  No.9727887

File: a08c59be68c0d30⋯.jpg (137.27 KB, 1920x533, 1920:533, T_mulo_100.JPG)

>>9716899

(Please read from the start)

“John Garstang excavated at Hierakonpolis in 1905-06. He initially hoped to excavate the town site but encountered difficulties working there,[8] and soon turned his attention to the ‘fort’ of second dynasty King Khasekhemwy instead. Beneath the ‘fort’, Garstang excavated a Predynastic cemetery consisting of 188 graves, which served the bulk of the city’s population during the late Predynastic and Early Dynastic periods, revealing the burial practices of the non-elite Egyptians living at Hierakonpolis.

More recently, the concession was excavated further by a multinational team of archaeologists, Egyptologists, geologists, and members of other sciences, which was coordinated by Michael Hoffman until his death in 1990, then by Barbara Adams of University College London and Dr. Renee Friedman representing the University of California, Berkeley and the British Museum until Barbara Adams's death in 2001,[10] and by Renée Friedman thereafter.”

“Possible ritual structures

The structure at Nekhen known by the misnomer "fort" is a massive mud-brick enclosure built by Pharaoh Khasekhemwy of the Second Dynasty.[11] It appears to be similar in structure and ritual purpose as the similarly misidentified 'forts' constructed at Abydos, all without apparent military function. The true function of these structures is unknown, but they seem to be related to the rituals of kingship and the culture.[12] Religion was interwoven inexorably with kingship in Ancient Egypt.

>> This is important because they are hinting at the King-Priest and this structure that was mis-named, it sounds like an elevated platform where some sort of rituals were conducted either for the king-priest or by him.

“The ritual structure was built on a prehistoric cemetery. The excavations there, as well as the work of later brick robbers, have seriously undermined the walls and led to the near collapse of the structure. For two years, during 2005 and 2006, the team led by Friedman was attempting to stabilize the existing structure and support the endangered areas of the structure with new mudbricks.”

>> Unfortunately there are a lot of archaeological structures that are crumbling due to the lack of “care” or preservation. This pre-historic cemetery is interesting.

“Oldest known Egyptian painted tomb

Other discoveries at Nekhen include Tomb 100, the oldest tomb with painted decoration on its plaster walls. The sepulchre is thought to date to the Gerzeh culture (ca. 3500-3200 BC).

The decoration shows presumed religious scenes and images that include figures featured in Egyptian culture for three thousand years—a funerary procession of barques, presumably a goddess standing between two upright lionesses, a wheel of various horned quadrupeds, several examples of a staff that became associated with the deity of the earliest cattle culture and one being held up by a heavy-breasted goddess. Animals depicted include onagers or zebras, ibexes, ostriches, lionesses, impalas, gazelles and cattle.”

>> As I’ve said in page 121 there is this strange shape like structure on the boats. It’s different from the usual funerary boats as those don’t have walls but have something more like a pergola or canopy, to provide shade, shelter from the sun.

“Continuous activity

There are later tombs at Nekhen, dating to the Middle Kingdom, Second Intermediate Period, and New Kingdom. In the painted tomb of Horemkhauef a biographical inscription reporting Horemkhauef's journey to the capital was found. He lived during the Second Intermediate Period. Because it had a strong association with Egyptian religious ideas about kingship, the temple of Horus at Nekhen was used as late as the Ptolemaic Kingdom,[15] persisting as a religious center throughout the thousands of years of Ancient Egyptian culture.”

>> We did find out something new about Narmer’s palette: it’s important for the Bloodlines. Why is that? Because as usual (((they))) send their minions to mess up the information/data about important artifacts; in our case the exact location where the palette is found and its dating. So this means (((they))) are hiding something from us about the palette (((they))) don’t want us to know about. It’s either the palette was found with other “important” artifacts which was “taken” by (((them))) or this palette is much much older and (((they))) want to hide it. Can you imagine what it means to have reached such sculpting techniques even before 3000 B.C.? When you mess up something as easy as the location of an object, it means you are hiding something. I guess only time and patience will reveal the truth about what (((they))) are hiding from us about it.

- Page 128 –

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4fe80b  No.9727905

File: 50cb0eacaac9f0e⋯.jpg (286.1 KB, 768x1024, 3:4, Colossus_Ashmolean_museum.jpg)

File: ee9a4c2dee9d6ce⋯.jpg (20.03 KB, 301x397, 301:397, Colossus_of_Min_from_Copto….jpg)

File: 8e6857142e4e202⋯.jpg (50.3 KB, 323x397, 323:397, Similarities.jpg)

File: 62f902b63187ec7⋯.jpg (149.12 KB, 606x768, 101:128, louvre_statuettes_d039homm….jpg)

>>9727887

(Please read from the start)

“Cylinder seals

Cylinders seals at Hierakonpolis include some of the first known scenes of the Pharaoh smiting his enemies with a mace.[16] Cylinder seals are generally thought to have been derived from Mesopotamian examples.”

“Cosmetic palettes from Hierakonpolis

Several of the finest pre-Dynastic decorated palettes were discovered in Hierakonpolis. They often display Mesopotamia-inspired animals such as the Serpopards, and also incorporate some of the first hieroglyphs.”

>> So now both the cylinder seals and the Serpopards are Mesopotamian inspirations. Really? I don’t deny the cultural exchange or influence but Mesopotamia also had the same type of relationship with Anatolia, Phoenicia and the Indus. So how come we don’t find the Serpopards influencing their culture and their arts? If this is valid for one trade partner, it should be the case for the others as well but it’s not the case.

If anons are interested in reading about the Narmer’s Macehead or the Scorpion Macehead, just for knowledge:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narmer_Macehead

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scorpion_Macehead

I’m going to move to other artifacts that I consider out-of-place-artifacts or peculiar which are not listed as such:

I want to look at the sculptures of the pre-dynastic era.

1 –There are a couple of Big Statues that are currently displayed in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, if I’m not mistaken. What is peculiar about them is their similarities with Uruk statues of their king-priest and in the same time similarities with sculptures from Gobelik Tepe which is thought to be dating back to around 10 000 B.C. The beard, the hair, the posture, the clothing, some are different, some are similar, there are variations from one to the other of course, that’s normal, but the idea behind it is the same. So if these represent king-priests in Uruk, do they also represent king-priests in Gobelik Tepe and Egypt?

- Page 129 –

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4fe80b  No.9727923

File: 13170049af3fe4f⋯.jpg (103.43 KB, 416x512, 13:16, Basalt_statuette_ancient_e….jpg)

File: 594a1893f6ac990⋯.jpg (9.62 KB, 142x378, 71:189, 10624_20114_9094_Fig5_HTML.jpg)

File: 649454f79c2bab3⋯.jpg (269 KB, 1314x2000, 657:1000, M6385_21.jpg)

File: 35b7beccfecf5b9⋯.jpg (85.15 KB, 338x450, 169:225, Koteka_Papua_New_Guinea.jpg)

>>9727905

(Please read from the start)

2 – The Basalt statuette anons see in the first picture is very weird in its shape, very different from the usual. I don’t know why, I have this feeling of déjà vue when I see this statuette. Anons notice the beard. As for the “golden” statuette, the notable thing artistically is the ears. A bit of details can be found about both statuettes in the third picture I’ve attached to this drop. What is common to both statuette is what they are both wearing = a Koteka.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koteka

“The koteka, horim, or penis gourd is a penis sheath traditionally worn by native male inhabitants of some (mainly highland) ethnic groups in New Guinea to cover their genitals. They are normally made from a dried-out gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, although other species, such as Nepenthes mirabilis, are also used. They are held in place by a small loop of fiber attached to the base of the koteka and placed around the scrotum. There is a secondary loop placed around the chest or abdomen and attached to the main body of the koteka.

[…]”

“Traditions

It is traditional clothing in certain New Guinea highlands societies including in the Grand Baliem Valley of Western New Guinea and the Ok Tedi and Telefomin regions of Papua New Guinea. It is worn without other clothing, tied in upward position.”

“Different identification

Many tribes can be identified by the way they wear their koteka. Some wear them pointed straight out, straight up, at an angle, or in other directions. The diameter of the koteka can also be a clue. Contrary to popular belief, there is little correlation between the size or length of the koteka and the social status of the wearer. Kotekas of different sizes serve different purposes: very short kotekas are worn when working and longer and more elaborate kotekas are worn on festive occasions. The koteka is made of a specially grown gourd. Stone weights are tied to the bottom of the gourd to stretch it out as it grows. Curves can be made in it by the use of string to restrain its growth in whatever direction the grower wishes. They can be quite elaborately shaped in this manner. When harvested, the gourd is emptied and dried. It is sometimes waxed with beeswax or native resins. It can be painted, or have shells, feathers and other decorations attached to it.

Sociolinguistically and politically today, the term koteka is used as a name of tribal groups across the highlands of New Guinea, in both West Papua and Papua New Guinea. For example, in West Papua today, there is an Assembly of Koteka Tribes. The term koteka was never used to identify a society or ethnic group before, but it is now commonly known for a tribal group within Melanesia across the highlands of New Guinea.”

“Different uses

Phallocrypts are decorative penis sheaths worn in parts of New Guinea during traditional ceremonies. They are usually made out of gourds or woven fibers and decorated with feathers, beads, cowry shells, and small metal ornaments. The most elaborate phallocrypts are sold to tourists as souvenirs and are not usually representative of ones actually used in ceremonies.

A phallocrypt can also be a simple ornament hung from male genitalia as part of a cultural expression, for ceremonial use or pure decoration. Among a number of ancient and modern people throughout the Oceanic world, Africa and many parts of the Americas it was (and still is in some places) a common form of ornamentation. Some Aboriginal peoples of Australia wore an ornate carved-pearl-shell type called a Lonka Lonka. It is hung from the genitals by a twisted thong made of human hair. They are often ornately engraved with mainly geometric patterns and the grooves were colored with reddish ochre. Some South American cultures actually hung heavy, carved jade and other hardstone ornaments from piercings through the skin of their penis and scrotum. These were usually of a temporary ritualistic nature.”

“South America and Africa

Some native South American tribes have used them,[2] mainly in Brazil and the Amazon rainforest area.[3]

The use of penis gourds has also been documented in tropical Africa.”

>> This Wikipedia page is so focused on New Guinea but it mentions the Amazon and the Tropical Africa tribes in just one sentence for each, despite the fact that there are tribes also wearing the Koteka in those places. Not one single piece of information about the tribe names or their locations or details about the traditions, nothing at all.

- Page 130 –

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a475a9  No.9742617

File: 21bf251026e6483⋯.png (351.39 KB, 1000x546, 500:273, tropical_zones_earth.png)

File: 9494db7371f928f⋯.jpg (760.76 KB, 2898x3870, 161:215, Male_Ivory_figurine_predyn….jpg)

File: 6292cee50fb9809⋯.jpg (31.46 KB, 610x348, 305:174, Sumerian_statuettes.jpg)

File: f5da9843e338de4⋯.jpg (32.55 KB, 462x768, 77:128, Seated_woman_with_tattoes_….jpg)

>>9727923

(Please read from the start)

These pre-dynastic statues of Ancient Egyptians wearing the Koteka are not a cultural influence or transfer. I’ve attached a map where we can see Tropical Africa = the geographic zone where some of the tribes wear the Koteka (some used to wear them, now not). Egypt is not part of that specific zone yet the Koteka was a clothing tradition, part of their culture, in Ancient Egypt. This implies that at least some parts (the nomes) of the Upper Egypt, if not all of Ancient Egypt, had tribes that used to live in Tropical Africa and they “migrated” later on; bringing along with them their clothing habits. Do anons realize what this means? It means at some point in time, at least a part of the Egyptians used to live in the zone of the Tropical Africa. There were some migrations and people moving along the NILE just like what we saw with the Euphrates River and Mesopotamia.

But this is not just the case of the African continent, we see the Koteka in South-East Asia and in the Amazone = all are situation in the same ZONE. So ask yourself this question anons: how can the Koteka be found in 3 very different parts of the world which we are certain didn’t have any contact with each other during this specific time in history? We might find some logical or geographical explanations and connect the African continent with South-East Asian region via trade and such stuff; but how can you explain the existence of the Koteka in the Amazon as well?

At the stage we are at in this research, we cannot explain that in a logical way.

3 – Just a quick visual look at the similarities between this Male Ivory Statuette from pre-dynastic Egypt (3650-3300 B.C.) and the Sumerian Statuettes. We can say it’s due to the trade relations between the 2 civilizations, but the similarities between them just keep on pilling up.

4 – The next statuette is very peculiar since it’s one of a female sporting some tattoos. It’s estimated to date back to 3650-3300 B.C. Apart the fact that body INK was used amazingly in the pre-dynastic times, the tattooed person seems to be some sort of magician or some sort of “religion” related person, maybe the occult or divination.

Some Mummies found from the dynastic period also sport some tattoos; so this means this practice kept on going for hundreds of years, maybe even a few millennia. Here is some reading material for anons: it may be of a dynastic era tattooed mummy, but I think the information can be applied to pre-dynastic era - apart the fact that in the older period, the tattoos designs were simpler, they got elaborated in dynastic times.

https://www.sciencealert.com/egypt-council-of-antiquities-announces-deir-el-madina-tattooed-religious-women-hathor

- Page 131 –

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41e92d  No.9753277

File: a05293406f85660⋯.jpg (40.09 KB, 460x287, 460:287, mummy_tattoo_2860581c.jpg)

File: 219e60ecddc8715⋯.jpg (14.37 KB, 512x219, 512:219, 1300_year_old_mummy_and_he….jpg)

File: 281ca88b33221d7⋯.jpg (44.66 KB, 308x512, 77:128, Satanism_Symbols_Small_Lis….jpg)

>>9742617

(Please read from the start)

I also know that Berber women sport some tattoos. Some archaeologists believe that the Berber culture contains elements, echoes or/and is influenced by ancient Egyptian civilization. I’m not sure of it, it needs to be checked out by experts, but I was wondering if the Berber tattoos cannot be compared for study with the ones of Ancient Egypt; in design and style etc.

As I was looking around to see what the Ancient Egyptian tattooed mummies looked like, I came across the one I’ve attached the pictures of to this post.

https://www.archaeology.org/news/1928-140324-sudan-mummy-tattoo

“LONDON, ENGLAND—CT scans and the use of infra-red technology on the naturally mummified remains of a woman who lived in in a Christian community in the Sudan 1,300 years ago have revealed a tattoo on her inner thigh. The tattoo is a symbol of the Archangel Michael, assembled from ancient Greek letters. “She is the first evidence of a tattoo from the period. This is a very rare find,” Daniel Antoin, curator of physical anthropology at the British Museum, told The Telegraph. The woman’s remains are part of a special exhibition of eight mummies and what technology has revealed about their lives.”

>> I know anons, I know, it’s not Egyptian and it doesn’t fit the time period I am working on. You are right when you think this has nothing to do with what I was just talking about. It just happened I stumbled upon this while I was taking a look at ancient Egyptian mummy tattoos. But why am I even mentioning this despite the fact it’s not directly linked to what I was talking about? Well, take a very close look to the design of that tattoo anons. Haven’t we seen it before?

That tattoo is clearly Archangel Michael’s symbol. Forget what you were told or taught about the Archangel’s signs from the Torah or the Old Testament; these have been altered and manipulated by the Church and/or Cabal. The OLD CHURCHES, mostly the ones that diverged from the Vatican, are still the closest to the origins and true form of Christianity. So don’t look at the EDITED version, try to get close to the roots as much as you can anons.

Just like what satanists did with the Cross = they inverted it, I think they did the same with Archangel Michael’s symbol = it was altered and then used by them.

Anons, shouldn’t forget that Nubia had one leg on each side of the current border (= Egypt + Sudan). It was either directly conquered and ruled by Pharaoh Egypt or it was directly influenced culturally by it. So it shouldn’t surprise anons to know that the art of tattooing was also practiced in Sudan for a very long time.

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41e92d  No.9753349

File: a7ae9dc68759623⋯.jpg (198.89 KB, 1045x1500, 209:300, 5th_element_movie_poster.jpg)

File: 5dcf0cc5095c6df⋯.jpg (65.3 KB, 506x1050, 253:525, Replica_of_the_symbols_in_….jpg)

File: 0a9e4990771cf08⋯.jpg (429.48 KB, 1200x1600, 3:4, Another_replica_of_symbols.jpg)

File: fdbf51c39f8addd⋯.jpg (65.41 KB, 600x400, 3:2, Capture_from_the_movie_Ele….jpg)

File: 3a7278356d28b26⋯.jpg (143.15 KB, 1024x683, 1024:683, Life_Ball_2014_red_carpet_….jpg)

>>9753277

(Please read from the start)

This in turn made me remember a Hollywood movie called: “The Fifth Element”. Look closely anons to the pictures I’ve attached with this post: what do you see?

I’ve put 2 pictures of replicas of tablets from scenes from the beginning of the movie.

On the first tablet we see some type of SNAKE that is coming down from ABOVE. Below it, we have many humans “upside down” as if they were killed and they are lying on the ground. On each side of the snake’s head we have one teary eye. What does this remind anons of? Isn’t a teary eye mentioned in the “Eye of Ra” (page 70) when the creator god shed tears and from “those tears gave rise to the first humans.” Anons shouldn’t forget that Ra battles each night the SNAKE Apep.

On the second tablet, we supposedly have the 4 elements stones displayed in a square formation and there is the 5th elements standing at the cross point of both diagonals. If we recreate with a simple line the design, we will have something very close to Archangel Michael’s symbol.

The 4 Elements Stones, don’t they remind us of the 4 divine reigns on Earth (page 86)? It’s starting to get interesting isn’t it anons? So let’s make tiny detour and take a closer look at this movie:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Fifth_Element

“The Fifth Element (French: Le Cinquième Élément) is a 1997 English-language French science fiction action film directed and co-written by Luc Besson. It stars Bruce Willis, Gary Oldman and Milla Jovovich. Primarily set in the 23rd century, the film's central plot involves the survival of planet Earth, which becomes the responsibility of Korben Dallas (Willis), a taxicab driver and former special forces major, after a young woman (Jovovich) falls into his cab. To accomplish this, Dallas joins forces with her to recover four mystical stones essential for the defence of Earth against the impending attack of a malevolent cosmic entity.

Besson started writing the story that became The Fifth Element when he was 16 years old; he was 38 when the film opened in cinemas. Besson wanted to shoot the film in France, but suitable facilities could not be found; filming took place in London and Mauritania instead. Comics artists Jean "Moebius" Giraud and Jean-Claude Mézières, whose books provided inspiration for parts of the film, were hired for production design. Costume design was by Jean-Paul Gaultier.

The Fifth Element received mainly positive reviews, although it tended to polarize critics. The film won in categories at the British Academy Film Awards, the César Awards, the Cannes Film Festival, and the Lumières Awards, but also received nominations at the Golden Raspberry and Stinkers Bad Movie Awards. The Fifth Element was a financial success, earning more than $263 million at the box office on a $90 million budget. At the time of its release, it was the most expensive European film ever made and remained the highest-grossing French film at the international box office until the release of The Intouchables in 2011.”

>> Notable: France and Mauritania – the costume designer is non-other than Gaultier: a member of the Illuminati, pushing forward with Bloodline agenda. If anon are interested in reading about him a bit. Notice the “SACRIFCE” symbol on the dress.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Paul_Gaultier

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41e92d  No.9753402

File: cae437880e9151a⋯.jpg (28.4 KB, 500x369, 500:369, Replica_element_stones_fro….jpg)

File: 2a1e8f8c43963b8⋯.jpg (86.22 KB, 728x728, 1:1, Mondoshawan.jpg)

File: ebdf3482a12f6ea⋯.jpg (109.73 KB, 800x511, 800:511, From_the_movie_1.jpg)

File: 2b265316c630cb1⋯.jpg (67.83 KB, 533x800, 533:800, fifth_element_movie_poster….jpg)

File: f910e95447a1233⋯.jpg (230.69 KB, 1278x630, 71:35, fifthelement_zorg_gun.jpg)

>>9753349

(Please read from the start)

“Plot

In 1914, aliens known as Mondoshawans arrive at an ancient Egyptian temple to collect the only weapon capable of defeating a great evil that appears every 5,000 years. The weapon consists of four stones, containing the essences of the four classical elements, and a sarcophagus containing a Fifth Element in the form of a human, which combines the power of the other four into a divine light capable of defeating the evil. The Mondoshawans promise their human contact, a priest from a secret order, that they will come back with the weapon in time to stop the great evil when it returns.”

>> So there is this BIG EVIL ENEMY that comes around every 5000 years and it’s stopped by this “weapon” made out of DIVINE LIGHT, and we have priests from a secret order. That sounds familiar doesn’t it anons? Take a good look at the Mondoshawans anons, see that circular light on the lower part of their bodies? Now compare with the big statue at the Ashmolean museum (page 129). If this is a solitary, individual resemblance, I would have said this is a pure coincidence and I have one heck of an imagination; seeing stuff that ain’t there. But if you combine this with the rest of the similarities in the movie, is it still a coincidence anons? And MONDO = world, right? As for Shawans = invert the W and it will become SHAMANS. Not that creative to find a name if you ask me.

“In 2263,[b] the great evil appears in deep space in the form of a giant ball of black fire and destroys an attacking Earth spaceship. The Mondoshawans' current contact on Earth, priest Vito Cornelius, informs the President of the Federated Territories about the history of the great evil and the weapon that can stop it. As the Mondoshawans return to Earth, they are ambushed by Mangalores, a race hired by the industrialist Jean-Baptiste Emanuel Zorg, who has been directed by the great evil to acquire the element stones.”

>> 2 + 2 + 6 + 3 = 13. Does this surprise anyone? Zorg is the embodiment of the Bloodline families. Just like him (((they))) serve the biggest evil of all and (((they))) control the black market just like he does in the movie. Notice the type of weapon he uses in the movie.

“The Mondoshawans' spacecraft is destroyed, and the only "survivor" is a severed hand in a metal glove from the Fifth Element's sarcophagus that still contains some living cells. Human scientists take it to a New York City laboratory where they use it to reconstruct a powerful humanoid woman who takes the name Leeloo. Terrified of the unfamiliar surroundings, she breaks out of confinement and jumps off a high ledge, crashing into the flying taxicab of Korben Dallas, a former major in the special forces.

[…]”

>> If you look closely to this Mondoshawans spaceship, it looks like a giant egg flying. Or maybe we can argue and say it looks like a giant jellyfish. We can also say that the top is similar to a CIRCULAR pyramid.

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41e92d  No.9753448

File: d8b5da8afef6fb3⋯.jpg (26.95 KB, 600x400, 3:2, Fhloston_Paradise_Hotel.jpg)

File: 0898ac990433541⋯.jpg (281.96 KB, 1737x1233, 193:137, mondoshawan_key.jpg)

File: 47500b3c73ab3d1⋯.jpg (12.15 KB, 250x250, 1:1, close_up_to_key.jpg)

>>9753402

(Please read from the start)

“As the great evil approaches Earth in the form of a massive fireball, the four join up with David at the temple. They arrange the stones and activate them with their corresponding elements, but having witnessed and studied so much violence, Leeloo has become disenchanted with humanity and refuses to cooperate. Dallas declares his love for Leeloo and kisses her. In response, Leeloo combines the power of the stones and releases the divine light onto the great evil, destroying its power and stopping it. She and Dallas are hailed as heroes and, as dignitaries wait to greet them, the two embrace passionately in a recovery chamber.”

>> The “cruise ship” in the movie looks a huge flying boat doesn’t it anons? Please take note of this for later on. And of course LOVE is the most powerful weapon there is out there. I also want to draw attention to the KEY used to open the temple where the five elements are activated. If we draw only the outlines, what does it look like anons?

The “Themes” is pure propaganda in this Wikipedia page.

“Production

[…]

Scenes depicted as being in Egypt were filmed in Mauritania;[33] the first shoot, a background shot of the desert, occurred there on 5 January 1996.”

A quick look at Besson is in order:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luc_Besson

“Luc Paul Maurice Besson (French: [lyk bɛsɔ]; born 18 March 1959) is a French film director, screenwriter, and producer. He directed or produced the films Subway (1985), The Big Blue (1988), and La Femme Nikita (1990). Besson is associated with the Cinéma du look film movement. He has been nominated for a César Award for Best Director and Best Picture for his films Léon: The Professional and The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc. He won Best Director and Best French Director for his sci-fi action film The Fifth Element (1997). He wrote and directed the 2014 sci-fi action film Lucy and the 2017 space opera film Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets.

In 1980, he founded his own production company, Les Films du Loup, and, later, Les Films du Dauphin, which were superseded in 2000 by his co-founding EuropaCorp film company with his longtime collaborator, Pierre-Ange Le Pogam [fr]. As writer, director, or producer, Besson has so far been involved in the creation of more than 50 films.”

“At 18, Besson returned to his birthplace of Paris. There he took odd jobs in film to get a feel for the industry. He worked as an assistant to directors including Claude Faraldo and Patrick Grandperret. Besson directed three short films, a commissioned documentary, and several commercials.[8] After this, he moved to the United States for three years, but returned to Paris, where he formed his own production company. He first named it Les Films du Loup, but changed it to Les Films du Dauphin.”

>> I’m terribly curious anons! Can someone be nice and explain to me how can a fresh kid of 18 enter the “industry” to travel a bit later to the States and return to Paris to OWN his production company? How wealthy was he at that young age? I don’t know anything about owning a movie production company, but I do know that you need to have loads of money to be a producer, right? And you also need loads of connections in the industry to get the movie done. It’s incredible how Besson managed to have both at such a young age, while most struggle so hard to even pay their university fees or simply find good paying jobs.

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41e92d  No.9753517

>>9753448

(Please read from the start)

“Besson's second wife was actress and director Maïwenn Le Besco, who he started dating when he was 31 and she was 15.[25] They were married in late 1992 when Le Besco, 16, was pregnant with their daughter Shanna, who was born on 3 January 1993.[26] Le Besco later claimed that their relationship inspired Besson's film Léon (1994), where the plot involved the emotional relationship between an adult man and a 12-year-old girl.[25] Their marriage ended in 1997, when Besson became involved with actress Milla Jovovich during the filming of The Fifth Element (1997). He married the 22-year-old on 14 December 1997, at the age of 38, but they divorced in 1999.”

>> Of course he divorced Jovovich so quick, because she didn’t fit his age type = underage. Does it surprise anons to see him get a 16 years old pregnant, marry her and then make a movie about the same subject? = a grown up man getting emotionally involved with an underage girl = Leon. A movie reeking of pedophilia. Anons should take a good look at the movies he was involved in and also the actors list’ not all are bad, but some are very obvious.

“Rape allegations

In 2018, he was accused of rape by actress Sand Van Roy[29] and other actresses who wished to remain anonymous.[30] The director's lawyer Thierry Marembert stated that Besson "categorically denies these fantasist accusations" and that the accuser was "someone he knows, towards whom he has never behaved inappropriately".[31][32] Five women have made similar statements against Besson, including a former assistant, two students of Cité du Cinéma studio, and a former employee of Besson’s EuropaCorp.”

>> We’ve landed on the French Harvey Weinstein anons.

Let’s talk about the fifth element a bit = it’s obvious that research was done on the same stuff as I did with Egypt. So we can say it’s where they got their ideas from. But if you mix to it Besson is Illuminati, a pedophile and maybe, just maybe a satanist as well. So it’s no coincidence he always picks “Alien” & Sci-Fi movies, or features them in. One of cabal’s Agendas has always been to push forward the “Aliens” as if they are these weird exotic looking creatures for us to see and marvel about. What if it was all pure fiction? What if this was a diversion, to make us look like crazy and fools in front of the general public; and in the same time, to make us divert from the course of the research and get far from the truth? Don’t get me wrong here! I’m not saying there are no Space Travelers; I’m only saying there are no Aliens like the ones we see in the movies.

The subject in the movie is about a very special being who can use a divine light in order to vanquish evil. As if that being channeled the power of good in it. But anons, doesn’t the “dark” side try to do the same? Isn’t it the same idea? Both sides trying to channel through a being.

Which also brings me to the Egyptian mummy with tattoos all over her body, she was covered with “eye” tattoos (page 131). It’s not clear what her exact “role” or “function” was, but she is like a being that can either communicate with the divine or dark forces. Was she someone like the oracle of Delphi? It makes one wonder HOW LONG the Bloodlines know all of this stuff. Well, from what we’ve been reading, (((they))) have known for at least a century, more or less.

I know I took a long detour there anons. Now, let’s head back to where we left off:

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6afb8f  No.9753731

I'm sick of hearing all this stuff.

It's obvious from looking at the stones themselves that the story of history is a straight up lie.

So what do they have, where is it, and what powers does it give them? You mentioned looking glass etc so is that what they've had all along? Is there more?

What do you want from posting all this? where does it end?

I've enjoyed reading your posts but in the end I feel like it was not anything particularly new despite some facts and theories I hadn't heard of. That Noahs Ark on Mt Ararat is really not as significant as other sites IMO. I really doubt a flood hit that high too. It doesn't make sense to how much the sea level would rise if we melt the ice. The object in that picture is gigantic.

If there are ayys involved in human affairs there is probably very little we can do about that except to hone our skills to their absolute limit.

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f04802  No.9766038

File: 7e56e6438940628⋯.jpg (72.68 KB, 1200x800, 3:2, Knife_of_Gebel_el_Arak.jpg)

File: 4af65752a2685bb⋯.jpg (78.76 KB, 375x500, 3:4, gebel_el_Arak_knife_predyn….jpg)

File: 8271b770c04b8e9⋯.jpg (797.95 KB, 2000x3000, 2:3, Gebel_el_Arak_Knife_back_s….jpg)

>>9753517

(Please read from the start)

5 – The next sculpted item is a knife handle. It’s called Gebel el-Arak Knife.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gebel_el-Arak_Knife

“The Gebel el-Arak Knife is an ivory and flint knife dating from the Naqada II d period of Egyptian prehistory, starting circa 3450 BC, showing Mesopotamian influence. The knife was purchased in 1914 in Cairo by Georges Aaron Bénédite for the Louvre, where it is now on display in the Sully wing, room 20.[3] At the time of its purchase, the knife handle was alleged by the seller to have been found at the site of Gebel el-Arak, but it is today believed to come from Abydos.”

“Purchase

The Gebel el-Arak knife was bought for the Louvre by the philologist and Egyptologist Georges Aaron Bénédite in February 1914 from a private antique dealer, M. Nahman, in Cairo.[1] Bénédite immediately recognised the artefact's extraordinary state of preservation as well as its archaic date. On 16 March 1914, he wrote to Charles Boreux, then head of the département des Antiquités égyptiennes of the Louvre, about the item the unsuspecting dealer had offered him. It was:

[…] an archaic flint knife with an ivory handle of the greatest beauty. This is the masterpiece of predynastic sculpture […] executed with remarkable finesse and elegance. This is a work of great detail […] and the interest of what is represented extends even beyond the artistic value of the artefact. On one side is a hunting scene; on the other a scene of war or a raid. At the top of the hunting scene […] the hunter wears a large Chaldean garment: he head is covered by a hat like that of our Gudea […] and he grasps two lions standing against him. You can judge the importance of this asiatic representation […] we will own one of the most important prehistoric monuments, if not more. It is, in definitive, in tangible and summary form, the first chapter of the history of Egypt.

At the time of purchase, its blade and handle were separated, as the seller did not realise that they fitted together.[10] Boreux later proposed that the knife be restored, and that the blade and handle be joined together. This was done in March 1933 by Léon André, who worked mainly on consolidating the ensemble, and conserving the ivory handle.[11] The most recent restoration of the knife was undertaken in 1997 by Agnès Cascio and Juliette Lévy.

Origin

At the time of its purchase by Bénédite, the knife handle was said by the dealer to have been found at the site of Gebel el-Arak ( ), a plateau near the village of Nag Hammadi, 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Abydos. However, the knife's true provenance is indicated by Bénédite in his letter to Boreux. He wrote:

[…] the seller did not suspect that the flint [blade] belonged with the handle and presented it to me as witness of the recent finds from Abydos.

That the knife did indeed originate from Abydos is supported by the otherwise total absence of archaeological finds from Gebel el-Arak, while intensive excavations by Émile Amélineau, Flinders Petrie, Édouard Naville and Thomas Eric Peet were taking place at this time at the Umm el-Qa'ab, the necropolis of predynastic and early dynastic rulers in Abydos.”

- Page 137 –

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f04802  No.9766079

File: 31a66a72c7f735e⋯.jpg (132.69 KB, 800x1200, 2:3, Gebel_el_Arak_Knife_Blade_….jpg)

File: 55355ea57149905⋯.jpg (176.64 KB, 800x1200, 2:3, Gebel_el_Arak_Knife_Handle….jpg)

>>9766038

(Please read from the start)

“Description

Blade

The blade of the knife is made of homogenous finely grained yellowish flint, a type of Egyptian flint called chert. Flint is widely available in Egypt, from Cairo to Esna, but the blades of ceremonial flint knives were exclusively made of caramel colored chert, perhaps because this colour resembles that of metal.”

>> More details about the production of the blade are available to anons if they are interested in reading about it.

“The blade of the Gebel el-Arak knife as well as of other ripple-flake knives of the same period are considered the high point of the silex tool making techniques.[1][14] Specialists of the Predynastic period of Egypt, such as Béatrix Midant-Reynes, argue that the quality and amount of work required for the creation of the blade goes beyond what is required for a functional knife. Thus the purpose and value of the knife would be artistic, the blade being a demonstration of technical skills aiming at the beauty of the result.[15] This hypothesis is strengthened by a detailed use-wear analysis of the blade which demonstrates that the knife has never been used.

The blade weights 92.3 grams, its precise dimensions are as follows:

Total length: 18.8 centimetres (7.4 in)

Width of the blade at its center: 5.7 centimetres (2.2 in)

Thickness of the blade at its center: 0.6 centimetres (0.24 in)

Length of blade inside the handle: 2.8 centimetres (1.1 in)

Width of the blade inside the handle: 3.7 centimetres (1.5 in)

Handle

The handle is made of the ivory of an elephant tusk, and not from a hippopotamus canine tooth as was first thought.[1][17][18] The handle was carved along the axis of the tusk, as evidenced by a dark spot located above the head of the "Master of Animals", which is the tip of pulp cavity of the tusk.[1] Once extracted from the tusk, the handle was polished on both sides and hollowed out to receive the blade. The thickness of the handle around the tang of the blade varies from 2 to 3 millimetres (0.12 in), which explains that the ivory is cracked there, with some pieces lost. At the bottom of the handle, the edge was beveled, and probably received a crimp of precious metal that would have reinforced the assemblage of the handle with the blade. At the time of the purchase, Bénédite reported that he could see traces of gold leaf on the bottom of the handle, but this is now gone.[1] The assemblage supports the hypothesis that the knife was not functional: the tang of the blade is too short and the handle too thin for the knife to have been practical.

The handle is richly carved in low relief with a scene of a battle on the side that would have faced a right-handed user and with mythological themes on the other side. This side has a knob in its centre through which a strap could be passed. As for the blade, a use-wear analysis of the knob demonstrated that it has never been used. The carvings were executed on the polished surface of the tusk with a silex microburin from top to bottom, one register after the other. The artisan first carved the main figures and then carved the places where the figures meet, such as the arms of the combatants. The depth of the carvings does not exceed 2 millimetres (0.079 in).

The precise dimensions of the handle are as follows:

Total length: 9.5 centimetres (3.7 in)

Width of the basis: 4.2 centimetres (1.7 in)

Average thickness: 1.2 centimetres (0.47 in)

Length of the knob: 2.0 centimetres (0.79 in)

Width of the knob: 1.3 centimetres (0.51 in)

Thickness of the knob: 1.0 centimetre (0.39 in)

- Page 138 –

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f04802