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File: c21b4c79bdf218a⋯.png (17.48 KB, 2880x1920, 3:2, South_African_Flag.png)

4c4033  No.16693989 [Last 50 Posts]

Welcome To Q Research SOUTH AFRICA

While the world is waking up, we are more divided than ever before, while watching them burn our country to the ground.

Time we dig our own country.

Enough is enough.

Let's be more active.

The world is waking up.

The world is watching.

PEOPLE ARE PAWNS IN THEIR SICK GAME OF GLOBAL DOMINATION.

PEOPLE ARE DIVIDED TO PREVENT A RISING OF THE PEOPLE.

PEOPLE ARE DIVIDED AND TAUGHT TO FIGHT THEMSELVES INSTEAD OF THE RULING CLASS.

RACE VS RACE

RELIGION VS RELIGION

POLITICAL VS POLITICAL

CLASS VS CLASS

SEX VS SEX

WHEN YOU ARE DIVIDED, YOU ARE WEAK

WHEN YOU ARE WEAK, YOU HAVE NO POWER.

WHEN YOU HAVE NO POWER, YOU HAVE NO CONTROL.

STAY STRONG, PATRIOTS.

STAY UNITED, NOT DIVIDED.

YOU ARE WHAT MATTERS.

YOU, AWAKE, IS THEIR GREATEST FEAR.

Q

____

Q's Private Board

>>>/projectdcomms/ & Q's Trip-code: Q !!Hs1Jq13jV6

Q drops can be found here:

QAnon.pub - qresear.ch/q-posts - QAlerts.pub - operationQ.pub - QAgg.news - QPosts.online - qanon.news/Q - 8kun.top/qresearch/qposts.html

Backups/Alts to above: qntmpkts.keybase.pub - QAlerts.app - QAlerts.net - douknowq.com/134295/Q-Anon-Pub.htm - we-go-all.net/q.html - douknowq.com/134295/Q-Anon-Pub.htm

Q Aggregator Sites:

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Qposts online https://qposts.online/

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https://www.qproofs.com/

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Access through Tor: http://jthnx5wyvjvzsxtu.onion/qresearch/catalog.html

Bread Archives (sites)

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Offsite Archive - qanon.news/archives

Bread Archives (downloads)

MasterArchivist qarchives.gq | masterarchivist.github.io/qarchives/

Supplement to MA main spreadsheet, 2nd tab (labeled)

Germanarchiveanon https://mega.nz/folder/LPZxEIYJ#N5JwCNoxOxOtAoErKdUgvw

Missing Catalog Bredz 10964-11007 https://pastebin.com/xT0PWKMf

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1M2AzhZKh2PjL7L7GVPN42Em0hZXKWMdhGnj59ZQ3YcQ/edit#gid=0

New here? Q Proofs & Welcome

Welcome to Q Research (README FIRST, THEN PROCEED TO LURK) https://8kun.top/qresearch/welcome.html

Q: The Basics - An Introduction to Q and the Great Awakening PDF & PICS Archive: >>>/comms/3196

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Questions & Practice Thread: >>9901078

How to screenshot, insert MP4's, embed videos (YT & Twitter) >>>/comms/9658

Use logic and reason when evaluating posts, look beyond the content of the post(s) and evaluate intent.

________

____________________________
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4c4033  No.16693995

Useful Links

Q Research search engine for searching all posts from Q Research

https://qresear.ch/

Wayback Machine for old archived websites

https://web.archive.org

Tin Eye to find original posting date and source of pics

https://tineye.com/

Free Translator

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/translator

https://translate.yandex.com/

Banned YouTube Channels Archive

https://www.altcensored.com/channel/deleted

To download gifs from tweets

https://twittervideodownloader.com/

International Q Research Threads

Will be Updated, All breads were spammed

Alternate South Africa bread on midnightriders

https://8kun.top/midnightriders/res/18.html

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4c4033  No.16693999

Notables are NOT Endorsements

#8

>>16656300 Shutdown is on: Take a look at roads currently closed

>>16656326 National shutdown on Thursday, 7 July 2022

>>16656585 Jonathan Oppenheimer V Revenue & Customs (Income Tax – Whether in UK or RSA) - 2021

>>16657620 Serbian royals asked Hunter Biden for help to restore palaces

>>16664912, >>16664918, >>16664928 “What a Lost Prison Manuscript Reveals About the Real Nelson Mandela” (Parts 1-3)

>>16664951 Makena Capital Management Bun

>>16664952 Tswalu Protocol Bun

>>16664993, >>16671179 Richard Stengel

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4c4033  No.16694002

#7-B

>>15510152 Ex-South African president appeals ruling in corruption case

>>15510185 South Africa's rand recovers, central banks in focus

>>15510222 A crisis of faith in South Africa: ‘People have given up on the state’

>>16264942 South Africa president abandons rally after booing

>>16298848 South Africa-Mandela Attacked Re 'Shoot To Kill (video)

>>16299738 Don’t forget the murders of Prime Minister Dr. HF Verwoerd and Bernt Carlsson (video)

>>16345467, >>16350209, >>16351131 Are Foreign Investors Colonising Africa?

>>16345817, >>16345829, >>16345842 Africa: A possible solution for Europe’s energy troubles Parts 1-3

>>16346727, >>16346735 Government of South Africa and The United Nations in South Africa sign the UN Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework

>>16350432 Zuma's self-survival rooted in being ex-ANC intelligence operative

>>16381002, >>16386558, >>16386621, 163404208 Albie Sachs/Sujit Choudhry Land Grab and judging the judges (videos)

>>16399968, >>16399979, >>16399981, >>16399984, >>16399985, >>16399986, >>16399988, >>16399993 MWN Investigation Reveals Amnesty International’s Reckless Double Standards (Parts 1-8)

>>16400008 Bertha Foundation, Clooney Foundation and Amnesty International’s Support of Omar Radi | Morocco Condemns Amnesty International's "Political Interference"

>>16401000 Amandla! Collective Bun

>>16426089, >>16433197 “Amabhungane details alleged cover-up in Ramaphosa farm theft” – Namibia Connection (video)

>>16436536, >>16436544 From poor orphan to billionaire oligarch: how Abramovich made his money (Part 1 & 2)

>>16472313 Farm Murders on the increase again

>>16473707 Chancellor House Bun

>>16473710 Covid Bun

>>16473714 Gershon Kekst Bun

>>16473731 Oppenheimer Bun

>>16473738 Cyril Ramaphosa Bun

>>16473741 Jacob Zuma Bun

>>16473779 Viktor Vekselberg Bun

>>16483557, >>16483581 Former finance minister Tito Mboweni

>>16484048 “South Africa is turning into Congo.” - Electrician killed in shootout involving 150 Zamas at moth-balled Sibanye gold mine (video)

>>16526538 South Africa Connections in Malawi

>>16538743, >>16538769 Business deserves thanks for role in averting SA civil war, say experts ahead of discussion co-hosted by UP (Part 1 & 2)

>>16544387, >>16564540, >>16557915 Eskom warns of stage 6, blames "unlawful industrial action"; Looter may get "ideas"; Beyond Stage 8? Expert says SA ‘one step away’ from TOTAL blackout

>>16544614, >>16557619 South Africa Nightclub Horror: 22 teenagers found dead (videos)

>>16554835 James Rothschild – Investments; Rusal, Glencore, Ukraine, etc

>>16554864, >>16554865, >>16554880 Chronology of how National Party and African National Congress were outsmarted by White Businessmen and Foreign Governments in taking over South Africa in 1989 (Parts 1-3)

>>16558876, >>16558904 Anti-White and anti-Indian bigotry in South Africa: The racism that does not attract the world’s condemnation (parts 1 & 2)

>>16567352, >>16567460, >>16567583, >>16567690, >>16567701 Investec, Hendrik du Toit, Naspers, and Koos Bekker (videos)

>>16569263 Idi Amin Bun | Updated ANC Bun

>>16569269 Gencore/Billiton Bun | Gill Marcus Bun

>>16569271 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part One

>>16569275 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part Two

>>16569280 Gunvor Bun | Sacoil/Efora Bun

>>16569283 Tony Hollingsworth Bun | Trafigura Bun

>>16569285 Trevor Huddleston Bun | United Democratic Front Bun

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4c4033  No.16694009

#7-A

>>16574546, >>16574556, >>16574561, >>16574572 “Mbeki, Chippy and the Greek lobbyist” – – Imvume, Oilgate, Tony Georgiadis and his wife, FW de Klerk, Jacob Zuma, National Pary, etc (Parts 1-4)

>>16574634, >>16574642, >>16574841 The Murder Of South Africa’s Former First Lady [Marike De Klerk]” – FW De Klerk’s former wife & Judge John Hlophe

>>16588176, >>16588187, >>16588192, >>16588194, >>16588199 Cracks in South Africa's White Monopolies, New York Times 1993 (Parts 1-5)

>>16588216, >>16588217, >>16588218, >>16588219 The Rupert, Moolman, Stofberg, Bekker Media Cartel (Parts 1-4)

>>16603573, >>16603578, >>16603583, >>16603605, >>16603609, >>16603617 The Tswalu Protocol: Principles and Guidelines for Peace-Building Missions (Parts 1-6)

>>16603986, >>16604004 Zambia’ downward slid into dictatorship” – Was Jonathan Oppenheimer & co in the process of planting their own ‘dictator’? (Parts 1 & 2)

>>16604052 “Hakainde Hichilema: The Zambian 'cattle boy' who became president”

>>16650259 Barclays Bun | Eskom Bun

>>16650267 Commodities Bun

>>16650472 Lonrho Bun | Oppenheimer Bun

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4c4033  No.16694015

File: 2aca4b9279174b3⋯.png (197.93 KB, 602x708, 301:354, 2aca4b9279174b397f2e58e7a9….png)

Dough

https://controlc.com/ac34e5e6

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db194b  No.16696472

>>16694015

Thank you!

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db194b  No.16696485

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

“Meet Ian Cameron, the man who wouldn’t cower to Bheki Cele”

https://youtu.be/BYq5xnPqhZE

“Community policing activist Ian Cameron - who heads up NGO Action Society - made headlines when cops ejected him from a community meeting in Gugulethu after a war of words with Police Minister Bheki Cele. Cameron told BizNews he was the 13th speaker at the event, where he proceeded to tell the minister about the reality of crime and gender-based violence in the area. Cameron said: “I’m tired of the excuses and I’m tired of you making this a political thing. I want to graciously invite you to come and patrol without a bodyguard, without a grand car, in normal clothes with this community tonight to get the sewage on your shoes that they patrol through.” The minister warned Cameron not to provoke him. “You regard me as a garden boy,” Cele said. When Cameron stood to defend himself from the racial assertion, Cele yelled at him to, “Shut up” several times and sit down. “It’s your turn to listen, young man, or get out,” shouted Cele. Cameron will be laying a complaint with the Independent Police Investigative Directorate regarding police conduct, as well as criminal charges against officers who attempted to assault him.”

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db194b  No.16696498

>>16696485

“Why more women in South Africa need firearms for self-defence” – Gender Based Violence (Part 1)

https://firearms.co.za/opinion/why-women-in-south-africa-need-firearms-for-self-defence/

August 17, 2021

Gender-based violence the biggest human rights violation of our generation

The ANC has transformed our country into the rape capital of the world and South Africa is now possibly facing the greatest human rights crisis of our generation. The ANC must never claim the right to celebrate the freedom of women, women’s day and women’s month during their existence in South Africa. 116 women have their livelihoods stolen from them everyday when they are raped and they have an almost 100% guarantee that justice will not prevail.

It must be said that many victims are children and very simply put, would not be able to obtain a firearm for self-defence, but where possibly adult citizens should be legally armed and prepared for different situations they could be confronted with.

Imagine being the mother of a 5 year old little girl that was raped and murdered, then dumped in a pit toilet with severe injuries from being beaten and knowing that the chance of justice being served is less than 7%? Well, that is the case of little Chantal Makwena (5) from Rocklands who was brutally raped and murdered in August 2019. The same suspect that allegedly raped and murdered Chantal was arrested for the rape of a woman in 2018 and was out on bail.

South Africa has one of the highest rates of violence against women and girls in the world, and a femicide rate that is five times the global average, with an estimated 12.1 in 100,000 victims each year. South Africa’s gender-based violence statistics (GBV) are equal to a country at war. It is important to note that 2 695 women are murdered every year in South Africa that’s 1 woman every 3 hours.

It is because of incompetent officials like Bheki Cele that men like Nicholas Ninow can roam the streets of this country. Ninow destroyed a little 7 year-old girl’s life before it could even begin, when he raped her in a restaurant in Pretoria in 2018. He was not convicted because of DNA- evidence but was caught red handed.

In the plenary debate on the DNA crisis, held on May 11 2021, Police Minister Bheki Cele confirmed that the South African Police Services (SAPS) was already implementing overtime to clear up the DNA backlog of 208 000 cases. “Our goal is to have 40% of human resources dedicated to addressing the backlog and 60% of staff will handle new cases,” said Cele. It is now 3 months later and the backlog has passed the 300 000 mark with no real evidence of Cele fulfilling his mandate and the SAPS obviously failing in their’s.

South Africa has in the last year, maintained it’s spot as the rape capital of the world, with about 132 incidents per 100,000 people. Tshegofatso Pule, Naledi Phangindawo, Alexia Nyamadzawo, Nolundi Dondolo and many others were victims of gender-based violence and were brutally killed at the hands of abusers in 2020

More than 300 000 victims of violence in South Africa have been denied justice by a corrupt law enforcement cluster that cannot ensure that basic forensic procedures are completed. How many children like Chantal are still going to be subjected to rape and murder with no hope of protection or justice?

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db194b  No.16696504

>>16696485

>>16696498

“Why more women in South Africa need firearms for self-defence” – Gender Based Violence (Part 2)

https://firearms.co.za/opinion/why-women-in-south-africa-need-firearms-for-self-defence/

August 17, 2021

In June 2020, Bheki Cele appointed an oversight commission that gets paid to sort outthe DNA backlog in South Africa, but they have only met once since being appointed. How do you sleep at night, knowing that your failed oversight is denying more victims of gender-based violence and specifically rape from getting justice?

No example is being set as to what should happen to perpetrators that commit these horrific crimes.

South Africa is faced by a pandemic far greater than Covid 19, namely gender-based violence, as the ANC poses as a ruling political party, but is in actual fact a criminal mafia that have become professional in capturing state institutions. Under the supposed leadership of people like Cyril Ramaphosa, Jacob Zuma, Bheki Cele, Khehla Sithole, Jackie Selebi, Nathi Nhleko and Nathi Mthetwa, the ANC has become complicit in the gender- based violence pandemic that South Africa faces. There is only one reason for this: government is led by an intellectually corrupt organisation that has become the biggest criminal network South Africa has ever known. Law enforcement institutions have been hijacked for political gain by the ANC, they abuse these bodies to ensure that justice never prevails. Not one promise Bheki Cele has made during his term as minister of police has been honoured, in fact, further deterioration is happening as I write this.

Cyril Ramaphosa should be ashamed of associating with a minister like Bheki Cele, who started his own round of police destruction when he was made national police commissioner as part of an ANC cadre deployment scheme about a decade ago. Cele was also found unfit for duty by a court of law when he was national commissioner.

Mbali Shongwe, a rape survivor tells the real story of being failed by the South African justice system. After reporting her case and going through all the necessary channels, the case was dismissed. She was told it was due to a lack of evidence but after further investigation she learned that none of the leads were followed, the CCTV footage that was perfectly positioned to witness the crime was not reviewed and the detectives refused to pick up her assailant despite the overwhelming information she provided to them (after becoming hopeless and conducting an investigation to find her assailant herself).

“Not only did my rapist seek to silence and disempower me, but the system, that is designed to protect me, did too. The women of South Africa are tired. What we face daily is a scourge that we can no longer ignore. My rape has irrevocably changed who I am but unfortunately for my abuser and the justice system that failed me, I have emerged stronger than I was before. I have committed myself to the fact that I will never be silent. Until someone listens and the systems and culture change, I will continue to fight for the justice that I and so many other women deserve,” she says.

How many more women need to die at the hands of their ruthless and violent killers? When is enough, enough? How can government justify spending another R26 million on VIP protection while the vulnerable women and children in our communities remain exposed and unprotected?

Women, like so many other citizens should be encouraged to be legally armed and trained to equal the playing field where violent criminals threaten their lives.

Help us to bring justice where the system is failing victims. Join Action Society today and be a voice for the voiceless.

Ian Cameron

Ian leads Action Society’s community safety drive and is an ambassador for the #SafeCitizen Campaign. Ian is the founder of firearms.co.za.

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a24987  No.16696610

File: ea2ae299436c69d⋯.jpg (151.03 KB, 1573x719, 1573:719, Partners_Capital.JPG)

>>16693999

>>>16664951 Makena Capital Management Bun

“Partners Capital [Lord Jacob Rothschild and Sir Ronald Cohen] Adds to its Board of Directors with the Appointment of Four Global Investment Executives” – Former Co-founder and CEO of Makena, David Burke is one of them

https://partners-cap.com/press/partners-capital-adds-to-its-board-of-directors-with-the-appointment-of-four-global-investment-executives/

14 July 2021

Top executives from institutional and private investment firms including Apollo, Makena, Rothschild Foundation and Höegh Capital Partners join distinguished Board of global OCIO

Partners Capital, a leading global Outsourced Investment Office, today announced the appointments of Sanjiv Misra, David Burke and Brad Fried to its Board of Directors. Martine Holter has been named as a Board Adviser.

These additions to the Partners Capital Board represent the most significant changes to its membership since 2005 when Lord [Jacob] Rothschild and Sir Ronald Cohen made their strategic investments in the business.

While the working partners continue to retain majority ownership and control of the firm, the strengthening of the Board with the addition of the external directors reflects an important milestone in the business.

The profiles of the new members are set out below:

• Sanjiv Misra is an Independent Advisor and Chairman of the Asia Pacific Advisory Board for Apollo Management, the global private equity and alternative asset management firm. He also holds several additional board seats and is President of Phoenix Advisors Pte Ltd, a boutique advisory and principal investing firm. Sanjiv spent his career in investment banking at Goldman Sachs and Citigroup, most recently as Head of Citigroup’s Asia Pacific Corporate Bank till 2008. Sanjiv’s appointment brings valuable experience and insight on Asian markets as Partners Capital look to deepen its investments business in the region.

• David Burke brings a different perspective on the Outsourced CIO business which he pioneered as the Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Makena Capital, based in San Francisco. David also brings extensive private equity and venture capital leadership experience. He is currently the Chairman and CEO of Selby Lane, a specialty finance company that provides capital and expertise to top investment and asset management firms.

• Brad Fried is the current Chair of the Court of Directors of the Bank of England and the Co-Founder of private investment firm Grovepoint Capital. Brad is the former Chief Executive Officer of Investec Bank and current Chair of the Rothschild Foundation Hanadiv Europe. Brad will bring important macroeconomic insights to the Board and will provide an eye to good governance across the organisation.

• Martine Holter is the Chief Executive Officer of Höegh Capital Partners (HCP), a family investment office co-located in London and Oslo which oversees the investment interests of the Höegh family. Martine is also a board member of several Höegh-controlled direct investments, private and public. Prior to HCP, she was Chief Operating Officer of venture capital firm Arts Alliance Advisors, a management consultant at McKinsey & Company in London and an investment banker at Goldman Sachs in New York and Hong Kong.

Other members of the Partners Capital Board of Directors include independent directors Rosalind Hewsenian (CIO, Helmsley Charitable Trust), Rich DeMartini (Vice Chairman, Crestview) and Board Adviser Jeremy Sillem (Managing Partner, Spencer House Partners). Also on the Board are members of the firm’s senior leadership – Stan Miranda, Arjun Raghavan, Paul Dimitruk, John Collis and William Fox. The firm’s global Chief Operating Officer, Toby Seth, will carry on as a Board Advisor.

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a24987  No.16696619

>>16567352

>>16696610

>Brad Fried is the current Chair of the Court of Directors of the Bank of England and the Co-Founder of private investment firm Grovepoint Capital. Brad is the former Chief Executive Officer of Investec Bank and current Chair of the Rothschild Foundation Hanadiv Europe.

Sir Bradley Fried – Partners Capital

https://partners-cap.com/team/brad-fried/

Brad was raised in South Africa and trained with Arthur Andersen before moving to the US. After graduating with an MBA from Wharton, he joined McKinsey in New York where he was a partner in the firm’s Financial Institutions Group.

In 1999 Brad moved to London to run Investec Bank in the UK. In 2009 he co-founded the private investment firm, Grovepoint. In 2012 Brad was appointed to the Court of Directors of the Bank of England, becoming chairman of the Bank in 2018.

Brad is a Governor of the London Business School; a Fellow of Cambridge University’s Magdalene College; and was previously the CEO-in-Residence and a Fellow in Finance at Cambridge University’s Judge Business School.

Brad is also Chairman of the Rothschild Foundation Hanadiv Europe.

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a24987  No.16696637

>>16696619

>In 2009 he co-founded the private investment firm, Grovepoint. In 2012 Brad was appointed to the Court of Directors of the Bank of England, becoming chairman of the Bank in 2018.

“Bank of England’s Fried to Head Billionaire Kirsh Family Office [Another South African Family]”

https://www.moneyweb.co.za/news-fast-news/bank-of-englands-fried-to-head-billionaire-kirsh-family-office/

October 14, 2015

Fried starts in November and takes over from Ron Sandler, the former CEO of Lloyd’s of London.

Bradley Fried, a member of the Bank of England’s Court of Directors and former chief executive officer of Investec Plc, is joining South African billionaire Nathan “Natie’’ Kirsh’s family office as its new CEO.

Fried will oversee Kirsh Group, the management company that holds Kirsh’s disparate assets, which include two US wholesale grocery businesses, commercial and residential real estate, and private equity investments on four continents. Kirsh’s fortune is valued at $6.2 billion according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

“I’ve met many chief executives, many who were outstanding at strategy, outstanding at execution,” said Fried in a telephone interview. “In Natie, I’ve found an extraordinary visionary. At the age of 50 I almost feel as if I’m being apprenticed all over again.”

Fried starts in November and takes over from Ron Sandler, the former CEO of Lloyd’s of London, who Kirsh said will remain working as a trustee and adviser to the family.

Early Ventures

A Cape Town native, Fried worked for McKinsey & Co in New York before moving to London in 1999 to work for UK-listed Investec. He resigned as CEO from the bank in 2010 to found his own investment firm, Grovepoint Capital, which Fried said has completed “a couple billion dollars” in deals since inception.

Fried became acquainted with Kirsh shortly after he relocated to London and credits the billionaire with helping his venture prosper in its first five years. He said Kirsh has advised on all of Grovepoint’s deals, which include acquiring Total SA’s UK downstream assets and buying a stake in Israeli microalgae farm Algatechnologies. He’ll continue to be involved with Grovepoint and remain on the court of the Bank of England until his term’s expiration in May 2019.

The move comes one month after Ashvin Chhabra, the former chief investment officer of Bank of America’s Merrill Lynch Wealth Management, joined as president of the family office for hedge fund billionaire James Simons. Both appointments were made as family offices worldwide suffered “lackluster” returns, according to a report released in September by UBS AG and London-based research firm Campden Wealth.

Swaziland Mills

Kirsh, 83, made his first fortune in Africa in 1958, starting with a Swaziland corn-milling business that later evolved into a dominant food retailer in his native South Africa. Today the billionaire’s most valuable asset is Jetro Holdings, a New York-based company that manages Jetro Cash & Carry and Restaurant Depot, which had more than $9 billion in combined revenue in 2014, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Fried said he won’t be directly involved with the operations of Jetro or Kirsh’s other subsidiary companies, which all have their own CEOs. He said his role will be to oversee existing investments, hunt for new opportunities and prepare the group for a time when Kirsh is no longer involved.

“Natie said to me, over time families make transitions, and I’d like you to be there during one of these transitional moments,” Fried said. “And I said to him, I’d like you to teach me everything you can.”

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a24987  No.16696646

>>16696637

>Fried became acquainted with Kirsh shortly after he relocated to London and credits the billionaire with helping his venture prosper in its first five years. He said Kirsh has advised on all of Grovepoint’s deals, which include acquiring Total SA’s UK downstream assets and buying a stake in Israeli microalgae farm Algatechnologies.

“Leon Blitz and Bradley Fried made their first investment in Israel. $50 million in Algatechnologies”

https://jewishbusinessnews.com/2013/06/23/leon-blitz-and-bradley-fried-made-their-first-investment-in-israel-50-million-in-algatechnologies/

June 23, 2013

Blitz and Fried, Grovepoint, have recently concluded their first major transaction in Israel, taking majority stakes in Algatechnologies Ltd.

One of the most successful examples of such a farm can be found on Kibbutz Ketura situated in the south of Israel, close to the popular holiday resort of Eilat.

The Kibbutz branch specialising in the commercial breeding of algae goes by the name Algatechnologies, and has earned an international reputation in the cultivation of micro-algae, which goes into the production of what is regarded as among the most effective and powerful antioxidants available, which goes by the name of astaxanthin.

Astaxanthin is extracted from the algae, in the form of a much more pleasant looking dark red organic pigment. Apart from its many health giving benefits, Astaxanthin also make up a considerable ingredient in the production of cosmetic products, sun creams, food supplements, and even crustacean food colourants.

What’s most important is that Astaxanthin, as a powerful natural antioxidant offers proven health benefits in treating several health conditions related to cardiovascular health joint and muscle function, skin care health among many other medical conditions. The natural astaxanthin goes into the production of AstaPure®, whose benefits are already well known and established in the Japanese health food product markets whilst demand for the product is rapidly increasing in the United States as well as throughout Europe.

These are the reasons why Leon Blitz and Bradley Fried through the investment company Grovepoint has invested an estimated $50 million in exchange for a 56 per cent stake in the business.

Their participation in Algatechnologies marks Grovepoint’s first investment in Israel, who displayed their intentions to create a serious presence in the country by establishing a local office in 2012, with resident managers Hagai Stadler and Gil Meirovich on the lookout for investing opportunities.

Leon Blitz speaking on behalf of Grovepoint after the deal had been completed stated that the company had always wanted to invest in Israel as soon as it was formed. “ We are very keen on the country because of their technological prowess particularly in water, agriculture and food, biotech and clean tech which also enjoys the benefit of being very transportable.” Mr Blitz summed up

Grovepoint also announced their plans to increase Algatech’s production levels by hundred percent over the next few years, and will be making additional capital available to expand the sphere of the business. Their intentions are to increase the coverage of “AstaPure” on a global basis. In addition Grovepoint have made a commitment to investing in increased research and development facilities, to further the development of new algae-derived products.

Both Leon Blitz and Bradley Fried were born in Cape Town, South Africa and confess to being close friends for almost four decades. The pair first met whilst training to be accountants with the international partnership of Arthur Andersen.

Blitz left Arthur Anderson to join international investment company Investec, first working for them in their South African office, before being transferred to London in the early 1990s, going on to become head of direct investments and growth and acquisition finance, and head of private banking in the UK.

Bradley Fried rejoined his friend in London and at the Investec Bank in the UK in 2000, by way of the prestigious Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania where he completed his MBA and a spell at merchant bankers McKinsey & Co in New York.

The pair left Investec Bank in 2010 to form Grovepoint , and since its foundation the company has made $1 billion of investments.

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a24987  No.16696664

>>16696619

>Brad was raised in South Africa and trained with Arthur Andersen

>>16696646

>Both Leon Blitz and Bradley Fried were born in Cape Town, South Africa and confess to being close friends for almost four decades. The pair first met whilst training to be accountants with the international partnership of Arthur Andersen.

“Olympus: Where were the auditors?” – “The ghosts of [Arthur] Andersen may still be with us.” [Enron]

https://www.iol.co.za/business-report/economy/olympus-where-were-the-auditors-1177231

November 14, 2011

If you happen to be a connoisseur of accounting scandals, then the past month or so has been about as good as it gets, capped by the unfolding disaster at Olympus. On the flip side, if you are an auditor for a big accounting firm, it just got that much harder to argue that society should value your services.

The scam at Olympus was simple. The Japanese maker of cameras and endoscopes hid losses by treating them as assets. It said it had been doing so since the 1990s.

Where were the auditors? While we still don’t know the full extent of what they knew and when, just looking at who the outside auditors were is fascinating.

Olympus’s auditor in the 1990s was the Japanese affiliate of Arthur Andersen, then one of the so-called Big Five accounting firms. After Andersen collapsed in 2002, KPMG acquired its Japanese practice and took over Olympus’s audit. KPMG remained the auditor through 2009. Olympus switched to Ernst & Young later that year.

The ghosts of Andersen may still be with us. It was indicted in 2002 over its conduct as auditor for Enron. Big accounting frauds turned up later at many of its former clients – names that included WorldCom, Dynegy, Qwest, Freddie Mac and Refco.

The Financial Times reported last month that KPMG had raised questions at some point about Olympus’s accounting. But no disagreements between KPMG and Olympus were disclosed publicly. Nor did Ernst & Young’s opinion letters flag any problems. Its latest audit report, signed June 29, noted that the firm audited Olympus’s financial statements only for the fiscal years 2010 and 2011, and that the company’s 2009 books were examined “by other auditors” whose report “expressed an unqualified opinion”. Now both Ernst & Young and KPMG have egg on their faces.

You can hear the echoes of past scandals, too, in the collapse of MF Global Holdings, which was built partly through an acquisition of Refco’s assets in 2005. MF’s auditor, PwC, as recently as May said its controls were fine, as did MF’s chief executive at the time, Jon Corzine. Whether that was accurate is now in question. More than a week after MF filed for bankruptcy, there’s still about $600 million (R4.7 billion) missing and unaccounted for.

Then there’s last month’s implosion at Dexia, the French-Belgian lender that took a government bailout to avoid collapse. Dexia got a clean audit opinion from Deloitte’s Belgian affiliate in March.

So many large companies have blown up after getting the all-clear from a Big Four accounting firm that many people regard auditor opinion letters as a joke. The client pays the auditor, after all. Regulators for decades have tried figuring out ways to get around this fundamental flaw by passing all sorts of rules requiring that auditors be “independent”. New waves of accounting scandals keep coming anyway.

Yet the next logical step – stripping the accounting profession of its golden goose by making outside audits voluntary for public companies – always has seemed like a horrible idea, because it practically would be an invitation for more frauds.

At least the public can revel in the entertainment value of all these scandals. It may not be much of a silver lining, but it is something to distract us from the obvious conclusion that we’re stuck for now with a system that too often doesn’t work.

The biggest fear for the Big Four cartel should be that someday investors will become so fed up that they demand the status quo be chucked entirely, figuring they’ve got nothing left to lose. We’re not there yet, but give it time. If the auditing industry can’t find a way to re-instill value in its most basic product, even terrible solutions may start to look like drastic improvements.

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6de867  No.16697430

File: dcd2a131b15305f⋯.jpg (97.18 KB, 665x861, 95:123, Nathan_Kirsch_R150_million….JPG)

>>16696637

“R150 Million Gift from the Kirsh Foundation” to Witwatersrand University – December 2020

https://www.wits.ac.za/media/wits-university/alumni/documents/the-edge-newsletters/TheEdge_December_2020.pdf

Nathan Kirsh (BCom 1953) launched the University’s Centenary Campaign with a R150 million endowment from the Kirsh Foundation to provide student scholarships. “Wits played an integral role in transforming my life. I am giving back with the hope that Wits can have the same impact in transforming the lives of young people for generations to come,” he said. Read more here, https://www.wits.ac.za/news/sources/alumni-news/2020/wits-secures-r150-million-for-an-endowment-for-the-missing-middle.html.

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6de867  No.16697445

File: d092b756cdeb367⋯.jpg (9.19 MB, 7125x5700, 5:4, South_Africa_Infotable_Jew….jpg)

>>16697430

”University of Witwatersrand Famous Alumni”

https://alumnius.net/university_of_the_wi-9885-12

This is just their famous list of alumni however they provide an additional list of people who are spreadout throughout the world. Few of these people are mentions in the attached image.

Nelson Mandela – No description needed.

Sydney Brenner - South African biologist. In 2002, he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with H. Robert Horvitz and Sir John E. Sulston.[1] Brenner made significant contributions to work on the genetic code, and other areas of molecular biology. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney_Brenner

Aaron Klug – Born in Lithuania. British biophysicist and chemist. He was a winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Klug

Nadime Godimer – See attached image.

William Kentridge – born in 1955 in Johannesburg. Son of two anti-apartheid lawyers, he learned at an early age to question structural impositions. South African artist, film-maker, and performer. https://www.sahistory.org.za/people/william-kentridge - details of his parents are in the attached image.

Ivan Glasenberg - Glencore

Phillip V. Tobias - South African palaeoanthropologist and Professor Emeritus at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. He was best known for his work at South Africa's hominid fossil sites.[2] He was also an activist for the eradication of apartheid and gave numerous anti-apartheid speeches at protest rallies and also to academic audiences.[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phillip_V._Tobias

Winfried Bischoff - an Anglo-German banker and former chairman of Lloyds Banking Group. He previously served as chairman and interim CEO of Citigroup in 2007. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winfried_Bischoff

Patrick Soon-Shiong - Patrick Soon-Shiong (born July 29, 1952) is a Chinese-South African transplant surgeon, billionaire businessman, bioscientist, and media proprietor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Soon-Shiong

Maria Ramos - Chairperson of AngloGold Ashanti and used to work for Absa Group Limited, Transnet, National Treasury, Barclays, etc.. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Ramos

Lee Rogers Berger - an American-born South African paleoanthropologist and National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence.

Johnny Clegg - See attached image.

Gavin Hood - South African filmmaker, and actor, best known for writing and directing Tsotsi (2005), which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. He also directed the films X-Men Origins: Wolverine, Ender's Game, Eye in the Sky and most recently, Official Secrets. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gavin_Hood

Richard Goldstone – See attached image.

Joe Slovo – See attached image.

Peter Sarnak

Dennis Brutus

Harry Schwarz – See attached image.

Teresa Heinz

Jani Allan

Lucy Allais

Meyer Feldberg

David King

Patrice Motsepe – a South African mining billionaire businessman.

Lionel Bryer

Lewis Wolpert

Jack Zunz

Max Price

Helen Zille

Eduardo Mondlane

Winnie Mandela – Nelson Mandela’s wife.

Kevin Volans

Mamokgethi Setati

Denise Scott Brown

Ruth First – See attached image.

Thabo Makgoba

Danie G. Krige

Helen Suzman – See attached image.

Seymour Papert

Janet Suzman

Max Gluckman

Rory Byrne

Selig Percy Amoils

Himla Soodyall

Nathan Kirsh – Billionaire South Africa

Steven Collis

Michael Bear

Thuli Madonsela

Priscilla Kincaid

Mbuyiseni Ndlozi

Cedric Phatudi

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6de867  No.16697563

File: d7ef0eea030c7da⋯.jpeg (521.67 KB, 1800x2699, 1800:2699, The_Enigma_of_Max_Gluckma….jpeg)

>>16697445

>Max Gluckman

“The Enigma of Max Gluckman: The Ethnographic Life of a "Luckyman" in Africa”

https://muse.jhu.edu/book/60223/

The Enigma of Max Gluckman examines one of the most influential British anthropologists of the twentieth century. South African–born Max Gluckman was the founder of what became known as the Manchester School of social anthropology, a key figure in the anthropology of anticolonialism and conflict theory in southern Africa, and one of the most prolific structuralist and Marxist anthropologists of his generation. From his position at Oxford University as graduate student and lecturer to his career at Manchester, Gluckman was known to be generous and engaged with his closest colleagues but brutish and hostile in his denunciations of their work if it did not contribute to the social justice and activist vision he held for the discipline.

Conventional histories of anthropology have treated Gluckman as an outlier from mainstream British social anthropology based on his career at the University of Manchester and his gruff manner. He was certainly not the colonial gentleman typical of his British colleagues in the field. Gluckman was deeply engaged with field research in southern Africa on the Zulus, in Barotseland with the Lozi, and also in connection with his directorship of the Rhodes-Livingstone Institute from 1941 to 1947, which obscured his growing critique of anthropology’s methods and ties to Western colonialism and racial oppression in the subcontinent.

Robert J. Gordon’s biography skillfully reexamines the colorful life of Max Gluckman and restores his career in the British anthropological tradition.

https://anthropology.ua.edu/theory/the-manchester-school/

Max Gluckman (1911-1975) was born in Johannesburg, South Africa to Russian-Jewish parents. He studied anthropology at the University of Witwatersrand from 1928-34. There he studied under Mrs. A. W. Hoernl and I. Schapera. In 1934 he attended Oxford as a Transvaal Rhodes Scholar and received his Doctorate of Philosophy in 1936.

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6de867  No.16697775

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16697445

>Lewis Wolpert

“The casual sexism of Lewis Wolpert” - https://youtu.be/eJTjiOt-q3c

“Lewis Wolpert obituary” – Related to Helen Suzman, distributed communist literature and met Nelson Mandela in 1952

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/jan/29/lewis-wolpert-obituary

29 January 2021

Wolpert was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, the only surviving child of William, a manager in a newsagent and bookshop, and his wife, Sarah (nee Suzman). In a frank interview for the British Library’s National Life Stories collection, he remembered his parents with little warmth: his father would tolerate no contradiction, and his mother cared only for appearances in their Jewish social circle. He felt more positively about other relatives: one of his uncles, a distinguished doctor, was married to the anti-apartheid politician Helen Suzman, and he spent some time living in their home.

He studied civil engineering at the University of the Witwatersrand, where he became involved in progressive politics, helping to distribute communist literature in the townships; in 1952 he met Nelson Mandela. After two years working on soil mechanics as assistant to the director of the Building Research Institute in Pretoria, he hitchhiked to Europe, working briefly for the water planning board in Israel before studying soil mechanics at Imperial College London.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34051671/

Lewis Wolpert was a brilliant and inspiring scientist who made hugely significant contributions which underpin and influence our understanding of developmental biology today. He spent his career interested in how the fertilised egg can give rise to the whole embryo (and ultimately the adult) with one head, two arms, two legs, all its organs and importantly how cells become different from each other and how they 'know' what to become. His ideas revolutionised the way developmental biology was perceived and also reinvigorated, in particular, the key question of how pattern formation in embryonic development is achieved. He published over 200 scientific articles and received many accolades over his career for his work and services to science in the UK. These included a CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire) from the Queen, being elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. He was also a recipient of the Waddington Medal from the British Society for Developmental Biology and was awarded The Royal Society's top honour, the Royal Medal in 2018. Lewis was also a gifted teacher and communicator, including being the author of a textbook on developmental biology used around the world to train the next generation of developmental biologists. This contribution was recognised in 2003, by the award of the Viktor Hamburger Outstanding Educator Award from the Society of Developmental Biology in the USA. Lewis always enjoyed giving talks and lectures, having an infectious and persuasive enthusiasm coupled with a sharp sense of humour. He also published articles in popular science journals (aimed at the public) such as New Scientist, Scientific American and The Scientist. Lewis also wrote several popular science books. He was a passionate advocate for the public understanding of science and was the Chair of The Royal Society/Royal Institution/British Association for the Advancement of Science Committee for Public Understanding of Science (1994-1998). For this contribution he was awarded The Royal Society Michael Faraday Medal for "excellence in communicating science to UK audiences". He presented the prestigious Royal Institution Christmas Lectures in 1986 entitled 'Frankenstein's Quest: development of life'. These lectures, six in total, are presented by leading scientists and aimed at the general public and broadcast on national television. On a personal level, Lewis influenced all who came into contact with him, shaped his students and postdocs careers and instilled in them, and the community as whole, a life-long love of developmental biology.

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6de867  No.16698009

File: 0b9828d7335b3c7⋯.jpg (58.77 KB, 828x439, 828:439, Soros_Ramphele_co.jpg)

File: 2e752eee54960d0⋯.jpg (89.11 KB, 770x640, 77:64, 001l_Mamphela_Ramphele_DA_….JPG)

>>16697430

>>16697445

>Helen Zille

In the image, Mamphela Ramphela poses with Bill Moyers, Judy Woodruff, Ted Turner, Anthony Fauci, Irene Diamond, Bill Gates Sr, Tom Brokaw, Leonore Annenberg, George Soros, Brooke Astor, David Rockefeller, Barbara Walters, Richard D. Parsons and David McCullough

“Exposed: DA-Agang mystery funder” – Nathan “Natie” Kirsh, Mamphela Ramphele, former prosecutor Glynnis Breytenbach, Helen Zille

https://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/exposed-da-agang-mystery-funder-1644076

February 9, 2014

Johannesburg - South African-born billionaire Nathan “Natie” Kirsh is most probably the mystery donor who prompted AgangSA leader Mamphela Ramphele’s desperate bid to join the DA.

Speaking to The Sunday Independent on Saturday, Ramphele confirmed that Kirsh had funded AgangSA and would continue to fund the fledgling party. She said she stayed with the Kirsh family in London during a fundraising and voter-canvassing trip in the UK in the week before the DA’s federal executive meeting, which resolved to make her its presidential candidate.

The deal, which was meant to include a merger between Agang and the official opposition went sour less than a week later, resulting in a nasty political and personal fallout between Ramphele and her friend, DA leader Helen Zille.

Kirsh said he and his family were “friendly with” Ramphele, but he was cagey about confirming whether he funded AgangSA or the DA. “I’m not going to comment one way or the other.”

Zille would not confirm that Kirsh was the donor who broke the proverbial camel’s back over the past fortnight, preferring to say “there were many donors”.

She said, however, the donor was not a corporation but an individual.

Zille spoke repeatedly this week about a specific dinner party at which every donor present told Ramphele they could not support Agang because it would compete with the DA.

Zille said this week that Ramphele and Agang were in serious financial straits, but when asked to clarify she said Ramphele was “a very wealthy woman” and could personally finance her election campaign “with her eyes closed”.

Zille kept information on the finer details of the failed Agang-DA merger and Ramphele’s funding woes confined to only a very small inner circle this week, with many prominent party members left as clueless about the deal as outsiders.As the DA goes into full campaign swing, it has to choose its next presidential candidate.

Zille, who has been friends with Ramphele for 40 years, said she knew the former businesswoman usually stayed with friends when visiting New York or London, but did not know about her relationship with the Kirsh family.

“I’m not into politics, but I am into South Africa and it really distresses me to see the destruction of the rule of law, which is why I funded (former prosecutor Glynnis Breytenbach). “She’s a gutsy little lady.” [Kirsh said]

The Sunday Independent previously revealed how Kirsh channelled money through the FW de Klerk Foundation to fund Breytenbach’s legal battles against the National Prosecuting Authority.

Two weeks ago the DA announced that Breytenbach was part of its secret arsenal to go to Parliament after the May general elections – something Kirsh described as an “elegant way out” of her professional battles with her former employers.

Breytenbach left the NPA this week after an internal investigation accused her of misconduct for allegedly accepting a R6.3 million donation for her legal fees from Kirsh (see article on page 5).

Another accusation is that a company owned by Kirsh loaned her and her business partner $1m. Kirsh was a complainant in a case she successfully prosecuted 10 years ago.

Meanwhile, the DA’s federal council – the party’s highest decision-making body between congresses – will be tasked with mapping out the party’s strategy to win back the trust of its supporters after the failed marriage with Agang.

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6de867  No.16698270

>>16694002

>>>16569271 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part One

>>>16569275 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part Two

This article explains how Glencore conducts business, hires employees and it discusses Congo’s Katanga deal to give perspective

“Special report: The biggest company you never heard of”[Glencore] - Willy Strothotte – Part 1

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-glencore-idUSTRE71O1DC20110225

February 25, 2011

Yet within the commodities and mining sectors, Glencore is regarded with a mix of admiration and fear. “It’s an incredibly performance-based culture – investment banking times three, probably,” says a second outsider.

Glencore’s client list is a roster of the world’s largest firms including BP, Total, Exxon Mobil, ConocoPhilips, Chevron, Vale, Rio Tinto, ArcelorMittal and Sony, as well as the national oil companies of Iran, Mexico and Brazil and public utilities in Spain, France, China, Taiwan and Japan.

Physical commodities traders, like Glencore and its main rivals Vitol, Trafigura and Cargill, make their money finding customers for raw materials and selling them at a mark-up, using complex hedges to reduce the risk of bad weather, market swings, piracy or regime change.

Unlike Chicago traders who scream out bets on the future prices of orange juice or pork bellies, physical commodity traders negotiate prices and arrange shipments of cargo quietly, keeping their positions well hidden from others.

“It’s modern financial engineering meshed with an old-fashioned commodity trading house,” said John Kilduff, a partner at the hedge fund Again Capital LLC in New York. “It’s amazing how this formula has flown under the radar for so long, as the profits and growth of these firms has been astounding.”

Glencore’s profit after tax topped $4.75 billion in 2008, not far off its best year ever, 2007, when profit ran to around $5.19 billion. Even in the gruesome market of 2009, it raked in more than $2.72 billion.

Employees are hired young and expected to make a career at the group, where they are known as either “thinkers” bright number-crunchers who design the company’s complex financial deals or “soldiers”, the hard-driven traders who fight to win the transactions.

The company’s 10 division managers are aged 37 to 52 and remain largely anonymous outside Glencore’s business circles. “They’re really bright guys, they are really focused, they play to win every day,” says a mining executive in North America. Or as the second outsider puts it: “They look like kids, really – but they are incredibly impressive individuals.”

THE MARC RICH LEGACY

Glencore likes to promote from within and build a kind of closed, self-sustaining network of senior traders, a culture encouraged by the company’s founder Marc Rich. Not that Glencore likes to mention Rich, a figure so notorious that he’s not even mentioned in the official history on Glencore’s website.

Rich escaped Nazi Europe as a seven year old, and grew up in the United States. He launched the trading group which would become Glencore under his own name in 1974.

Rich was ultimately forced to sell out to his management and hand over control to a former metals trader, the German Willy Strothotte.

The company was reborn under Strothotte as Glencore.

The firm continued to trade, make money – and occasionally become implicated in controversial dealings. It was one of dozens accused of paying kickbacks to Iraq in 2005 by a commission that probed the United Nation’s Oil for Food program. But while Dutch-based rival Vitol was fined $17.5 million after pleading guilty, a preliminary judicial investigation into Glencore by Switzerland’s attorney-general found a “lack of culpable information”. Glencore maintained that if any payments were made by agents it did not know or approve of them.

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6de867  No.16698275

>>16698270

“Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] - England cricketer Phil Edmonds – Part 2

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-glencore-idUSTRE71O1DC20110225

February 25, 2011

A SIGNATURE DEAL

Glencore’s Christmas swoop on Katanga Mining was something of a signature deal for the firm, proof that it can use its role as the trading world’s biggest middleman to its advantage. The company is always on the prowl for opportunities to sell producers’ output. But it also likes to set things up so that when markets tumble, it’s ready to buy those same producers outright.

Katanga had just the right combination of elements: relationships built over time, a project in need of funds and an exclusive marketing agreement, and the scope for equity participation. The losers, in this case, would be the company’s minority shareholders, most of whose holdings were diluted by over 800 percent.

The acquisition was the culmination of 18 months of deal-making in Congo, where the first freely elected government in four decades had embarked on a sweeping review of mining licenses granted by previous regimes.

Workers in Congo’s southeast copper belt had battled for two years to rebuild what had once been Africa’s richest copper mines, but were now littered with rusted hulks. In 2007, when markets had been riding high on cheap credit and commodity prices boomed, Katanga had been the subject of a $1.4 billion hostile takeover bid by a company led by former England cricketer Phil Edmonds. It had the potential to become the world’s biggest producer of cobalt – used in batteries, jet turbines and electroplating.

As the credit crisis began to bite, metals prices tanked and risky companies around the world found it ever tougher to raise finance.

Where others saw risks, though, Glencore scented opportunity. In June 2007, Glencore and partner Dan Gertler, an Israeli mining magnate, paid 300 million pounds for a quarter-stake in mining company Nikanor, which was seeking to revive derelict copper mines next to Katanga’s. That deal gave Glencore exclusive rights to sell all Nikanor’s output – an “offtake” agreement.

Offtake deals are common in risky projects like mining, where banks are reluctant to lend because of uncertainty about how they will be repaid. An offtake ensures a miner has customers before it starts digging, and provides a guaranteed source of raw materials to a trader, which can also act as security if the trader provides finance.

By investing in Nikanor, Glencore consolidated a powerful partnership: half of the stake it bought was on behalf of a trust linked to Gertler, an old Congo hand who industry sources say has close ties to government officials including President Joseph Kabila.

Katanga’s mines were just months from producing copper and cobalt again. The mining company had spent the summer of 2007 fighting off a hostile bid from Central African Mining and Exploration Company (CAMEC), headed by Edmonds, the former cricketer. After searching fruitlessly for a “white knight” a big miner willing to pay top dollar to fend off CAMEC Katanga turned to Glencore.

The trading company was ready to oblige. In October it agreed to a 10-year offtake deal and a loan of $150 million that could be converted into Katanga shares. Just one month later, Katanga and its neighbor Nikanor merged, giving Glencore 8.5 percent of the enlarged firm.

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6de867  No.16698285

>>16698275

>>16698270

“Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] - Toronto stock exchange rules - Part 3

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-glencore-idUSTRE71O1DC20110225

February 25, 2011

In June 2008, with the global financial crisis deepening, Katanga Chief Executive Art Ditto resigned for “personal reasons”. Glencore, exercising a clause from its earlier Nikanor purchase, appointed a caretaker chief executive. It was then that Katanga embarked on its increasingly desperate search for new funds.

Issuing a statement that said it was “in serious financial difficulty”, Katanga struck its deal with Glencore, which added $100 million plus outstanding interest to its earlier loan, to give a total of $265 million. The Swiss trading firm subsequently sold on about a quarter of the loans to RP Capital, a hedge fund also linked to Gertler. Then in a linked deal that closed in July 2009, Katanga’s debt burden was slashed by swapping the loans for shares alongside a $250 million rights issue. Most of that equity, too, went to Glencore.

Now Glencore had a mining complex with the potential to be Africa’s biggest copper producer. To approve the arrangement, Katanga had used Toronto stock exchange rules that exempt companies in financial distress from a shareholder vote. That left most of Katanga’s minority shareholdings facing a virtual wipeout from the heavy dilution, a measure they voted through in a subsequent shareholders’ meeting.

“Everybody got taken down. There were a couple of savvy guys who got out early, but most people got taken for a ride. It’s a sad story,” said analyst Cailey Barker with Numis Securities in London.

Barker says Katanga had little choice but to accept Glencore’s terms since it was probably a couple of weeks away from bankruptcy. “The only person that was left was Glencore,” Barker said. “They said we’ll get involved, but we’ll take our pound of flesh.”

This sort of deal with the right to convert debt into equity in the tail has proved pivotal to Glencore as it has built up its mining assets. Analyst Michael Rawlinson at Liberum Capital, who was previously an investment banker for JP Morgan Cazenove and has worked on deals in Congo for Nikanor, says the fact Glencore was on the spot is key.

“If you’re someone like Rio (Tinto) or Anglo (American), often in these early-stage places you have no reason to be there, you haven’t got any assets there,” he says. “But if you’re Glencore, you source concentrate and product from these places, you have trading relationships. They’re on the ground first, so they see these opportunities first.”

Glencore is constantly cutting similar deals, some of the biggest of which it already has in place with its Swiss neighbor and close affiliate Xstrata. In the space of two weeks recently, Glencore agreed offtake deals with London Mining for its Sierra Leone iron ore production and Mwana Africa for nickel output in Zimbabwe. The deals often come with, or are followed by, a financing arrangement: U.S. PolyMet Mining Corp, for instance sealed an arrangement in January that involves Glencore buying shares with the right to convert the company’s debt into equity.

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6de867  No.16698352

>>16698270

>>16698275

>>16698285

“Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] – Glencore and Xstrata shared a chairman - Part 4

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-glencore-idUSTRE71O1DC20110225

February 25, 2011

A NECESSARY EVIL

As one mining industry source puts it: “We all know that Glencore never leaves any crumbs on the table.”

Like Goldman, which floated in 1999, Glencore wants the permanent capital that comes with a listing. In a private partnership, payouts to departing partners shrink the capital base, but public companies’ equity remains intact even if the shares change hands at dizzying speeds.

Raising public capital would help Glencore pay out any retiring employees, whose compensation is now set to be disbursed over five years from the firm’s $20 billion book value.

New equity would also reassure the big credit rating agencies, which rate Glencore debt a notch or two above “junk”. The more flexible capital structure that comes with a listing should also allow it to make really meaty acquisitions.

It has long been Glasenberg’s ambition to merge Glencore with London-listed Xstrata, industry sources say. The companies are already so close that the Financial Times’ influential Lex column has dubbed them the “Tweedledum and Tweedledee” of their industry. Glencore owns 34.4 percent of Xstrata stock, they share a chairman, Willy Strothoffe; and Xstrata’s assets could, in a stroke, fill the gaps in Glencore’s portfolio to create a mining and trading powerhouse.

But when speculation surfaced last year around a Glencore-Xstrata merger, Xstrata shareholders opposed it, arguing a valuation for Glencore should be set by market forces, not agreed to behind closed doors. “It’s very difficult to value Glencore because you just don’t know enough about it. That’s why most investors would prefer an IPO – which will give you more visibility,” one of the top 10 biggest institutional investors in Xstrata told Reuters last year.

Perhaps to force things to a head, Glencore in December 2009 set the clock ticking on a change in its set-up by issuing a convertible bond. A year after picking up Katanga, the firm sold $2.2 billion in bonds that can convert into shares to a select band of investors, including energy-focused private equity firm First Reserve, Singaporean sovereign wealth fund GIC, China’s Zijin Mining Group, financier Nathaniel Rothschild plus U.S. fund managers BlackRock, Fidelity and Capital Group.

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6de867  No.16698367

>>16698270

>>16698275

>>16698285

>>16698352

“Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] – Part 5

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-glencore-idUSTRE71O1DC20110225

February 25, 2011

In that light, the company’s most significant departure could be Strothotte, 66, who joined in 1977 and ran the metals and minerals division before replacing Rich as CEO in 1993.

Could the glare of a public listing be less dramatic than some fear? Resource groups such as BP, which houses one of the world’s biggest oil trading operations, have managed to juggle public life without revealing too much about exactly what their trading arms are up to. Gidley-Kitchen says that like many banks, a listed Glencore should also manage to keep most details of its trader compensation under the radar: “Goldmans and Barclays Capital managed to avoid revealing absolutely everything that they are doing and I would think Glencore would be able to do the same.”

Glencore’s huge coal operation in Colombia, Prodeco, was fined a total of nearly $700,000 in 2009 for several environmental violations, including waste disposal without a permit and producing coal without an environmental management plan. Xstrata had to pay the fines during its temporary ownership in 2009, but said the violations occurred before it took over. Prodeco said the violations themselves took place years earlier, before it acquired and ran the network of mines. Xstrata, like many major mining groups, has experience in meeting demands for tough green standards and says it put in place an environmental management system at Prodeco before handing the mines back to Glencore in early 2010.

In Ecuador, the current government has tried to reduce the role played by middle men such as Glencore with state oil company Petroecuador, says Fernando Villavicencio, a Quito-based oil sector analyst. “Glencore has not been transparent in its business in Ecuador,” Villavicencio said. The company “had been a favorite of almost all the democratic governments of Ecuador. It won almost all the contracts it competed for. They signed contracts with apparently low differentials, only to renegotiate the contracts in the middle of their terms, arguing that their costs had risen. Petroecuador usually went along with it.”

Tenders such as those in Ecuador are public and subject to extensions and negotiations which are expressly written into contracts, according to Glencore.

WHO WON’T BUY?

To ready it for public life, Glencore is preparing a sustainability report to bring it into line with mining majors and using Finsbury, a public relations firm whose clients include Royal Dutch Shell and Rio Tinto, for strategic advice. Former Shell spokesman Simon Buerk has been taken on to reinforce in-house communications.

But no matter what Glencore does, some investors will steer clear.

Mike Fox, head of UK equities at Co-Operative Asset Management and the manager of two sustainable funds, says ethical investing can embrace the natural resources sector – his funds have stakes in BG Group, the natural gas producer, and Lonmin, whose platinum is used in catalytic converters - but that it would be difficult to hold shares in many oil and mining companies: “Sustainable investors will always have an issue with the very fundamental nature of these businesses,” he says.

Glencore’s arrival in the FTSE would intensify the London exchange’s shift into natural resource firms. Fox says the increasing domination by a single sector is a “big headache” for smaller British investors who want a diversified portfolio. “It concerns me as much from a financial perspective as a moral perspective,” he says. “Customers will not expect that when they invest in a mainstream UK growth fund that a third of their money will end up in commodities.”

While commodities remain hot, though, that’s unlikely to change. As Glencore ponders a float, Katanga Mining is reaping the benefit of the surging markets and its wealthy, powerful owner. After losing $108 million in 2009, it posted an annual profit of $265 million in 2010.

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4c4033  No.16699463

>>16698367

>As Glencore ponders a float, Katanga Mining is reaping the benefit of the surging markets and its wealthy, powerful owner.

Every time the name "Katanga" comes up it really makes me sit up in my chair

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4c4033  No.16699866

>>16693995

Where we are so far'''

International Q Research Threads

>>16695125 ————————————–——– Australia #25

>>16693938 ————————————–——– Canada #35

>>16694358 ————————————–——– France #7

>>16693716 ————————————–——– Germany #100

>>16693574 ————————————–——– Japan #7

>>16694250 ————————————–——– Nederland #10

>>16694047 ————————————–——– Scotland #7

>>16689629 ————————————–——– UK #47

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f5540e  No.16705462

File: efb07043c11908e⋯.jpg (109.45 KB, 670x872, 335:436, Glencores_Oil_Operations_i….JPG)

File: 3ff9e815cfb5931⋯.jpg (106.06 KB, 881x605, 881:605, Glencore.JPG)

File: 4c93db9afe82ab1⋯.pdf (3.63 MB, raid_report_glencore_chad.pdf)

“Mining giant Glencore faces human rights complaint over toxic spill in Chad”

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/jan/28/mining-giant-glencore-faces-human-rights-complaint-over-toxic-spill-in-chad

28 January 2021

Dozens of villagers, including children, claim they suffered severe burns and sickness after contact with contaminated water

The UK government has accepted a human rights complaint against mining and commodities giant Glencore regarding a toxic wastewater spill in Chad, where dozens of villagers – among them children – claim they suffered severe burns, skin lesions and sickness after contact with contaminated water.

The complaint, brought by three human rights groups on behalf of affected communities, alleges environmental abuses and social engagement failures by the FTSE-100 company in relation to two spillages, the wastewater spill and an alleged oil spill, both in 2018.

Officials at the Department for International Trade, which monitors whether UK-based companies implement OECD guidelines for responsible business, decided the issues raised “merit[ed] further examination”. This case marks the first time that Glencore has faced an OECD complaint in the UK.

In September 2018, a wastewater basin holding a crude oil by-product collapsed at Glencore UK’s operations in Badila, southern Chad. Some 85m litres of runoff – equivalent in volume to 34 Olympic-sized swimming pools – flooded fields and the local river, which local people use for drinking, bathing and washing.

At least 50 people reported burns, skin lesions, sickness and diarrhoea after bathing in or using the contaminated river water in the weeks after the leak. Many of those harmed were children, some of whom were admitted to hospital. One 13-year-old boy was unable to move his body for a year after swimming in the river, which doctors attributed to the “crude oil burns”. Livestock drinking from the river also died, according to the complaint.

“The UK’s decision to accept the complaint provides an opportunity for those harmed at Glencore’s operations to finally be heard and to find remedy for the harms they suffered,” said Anneke Van Woudenberg, executive director of the human rights group Rights and Accountability in Development (Raid), which was among the groups that filed the complaint. Raid published a detailed report about the alleged abuses in March last year, https://www.raid-uk.org/sites/default/files/raid_report_glencore_chad.pdf

“For more than a year we have tried, along with organisations in Chad, to get Glencore UK to appropriately investigate these claims and to compensate those affected. And although they’ve made promises, none of them have resulted in any remedy, nor has there been an independent investigation into what happened. This is why we launched the complaint.

“No community, whether they are in a remote area of Chad or elsewhere, should have to wait more than two and a half years for a company to investigate whether its toxic spill caused injury, especially when it involves so many children.”

The National Contact Point (NCP), the UK body which oversees the implementation of OECD guidelines for multinational companies, will now mediate between the parties. If that fails, the NCP will examine whether the violations highlighted by the human rights groups occurred and will publish its findings.

In a statement to the Guardian, Glencore said: “Glencore has participated in the UK NCP’s initial assessment of the complaint and acknowledges their decision that the issues relating to the 2018 wastewater incident merit further examination.

“We also note that UK NCP’s decision to further examine aspects of the complaint is not a finding against Glencore UK or a determination by the UK NCP that Glencore UK has acted inconsistently with the guidelines.

“Glencore is committed to operating in a safe and responsible manner in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations. We actively manage and mitigate any impacts our operations may have on local communities and the environment. We recognise that our presence can deliver sustainable benefits to those living around our operations and to the national economy of Chad. We transparently report on our performance and welcome the opportunity to build and strengthen relationships with civil society representatives.”

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f5540e  No.16705467

>>16705462

“Perenco acquires Glencore’s upstream oil interests in Chad”

https://www.energyconnects.com/news/oil-and-gas/2022/june/perenco-acquires-glencore-s-upstream-oil-interests-in-chad/

June 15, 2022

Independent hydrocarbons producer Perenco said on Wednesday it had completed the acquisition of Glencore’s corporate entities holding its entire Chad upstream oil interests, thereby becoming the ultimate sole owner of PetroChad Mangara (PCM).

PCM is the operator of the Mangara, Badila and Krim oil fields in the Doba Basin, southern Chad, and Badila and Mangara fields are two large oil reservoirs where production began in 2014. Both still have significant untapped potential, while Krim is an undeveloped discovery, the company said in a statement.

According to Perenco, operations at PCM will now recommence with an expected return to previous production rates of 16,000 bopd in the near term. Oil production from the Badila and Mangara fields is exported via the Doba oil pipeline to Kribi in Cameroon.

“As we announce our entry into Chad, we are proud to start a new chapter in our history. Perenco has been operating in Central Africa since 1992, a region where our know-how in operating oil and gas fields and developing infrastructure is highly applicable,” Benoît de la Fouchardière, Perenco’s Group General Manager, said in a statement.

“We look forward to working with the Chadian authorities to restart production from these important fields. We believe Perenco is uniquely placed to make a meaningful contribution to the ongoing responsible development of Chad’s hydrocarbon sector for the benefit of all stakeholders and are excited about establishing a long-term partnership with the country,” he added.

As a result of the acquisition, PCM staff will now be integrated into the Perenco Group, joining a network of 6800 professionals in 15 countries.

Founded in 1992, Perenco is involved in the entire life cycle of projects, from exploration to decommissioning.

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f5540e  No.16705474

>>16705462

>>16705467

“IMF chief Georgieva: Creditors of Common Framework countries to meet in July” – Chad owes 1/3 of its external debt to Glencore

https://kdal610.com/2022/07/07/imf-chief-georgieva-creditors-of-common-framework-countries-to-meet-in-july/

July 7, 2022

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Official creditors of Zambia, Chad and Ethiopia are set to meet in July, according to International Monetary Fund (IMF) chief Kristalina Georgieva, in a bid to promote efforts to overhaul their debt burdens.

The three African nations have all signed up for debt treatment under the G20 Common Framework – an initiative launched in 2020 and designed to streamline debt restructuring efforts in the wake of poorer countries buckling under the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic.

In January 2021, Chad became the first country to request a restructuring of its $3 billion external debt under the Common Framework.

It struck a deal with creditor nations in June 2021, but has struggled to finalise talks with private creditors. Chad owes one third of its external debt burden to commercial creditors, and almost all of that to Glencore in oil-for-cash deals dating back to 2013 and 2014.

“The oil price going up gave reasons for Glencore and others to challenge the debt sustainability analysis, they say ‘Oh well, it is not so bad anymore’,” said Georgieva, adding that the situation still “requires a debt restructuring and we are pressing for that.”

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882968  No.16706154

File: 4ca685001f2586c⋯.jpg (94.79 KB, 1010x680, 101:68, Gill_Marcus_Nelson_Mandela….JPG)

File: ea9c6dc046034f3⋯.jpg (119.31 KB, 1099x857, 1099:857, Gill_Marcus.JPG)

File: e085d5526d096c2⋯.jpg (163.1 KB, 1824x633, 608:211, Gill_Marcus_Hani_Assassina….JPG)

File: 1c95c25613fd903⋯.jpg (87.81 KB, 699x622, 699:622, Gill_Marcus_Mandela_Codesa.JPG)

>>16569269 Gencore/Billiton Bun | Gill Marcus Bun

>>16696664

>The ghosts of Andersen may still be with us.

“Glencore: Will the previous board be held to account?” – Gill Marcus to be held responsible, KPMG, PIC

https://www.iol.co.za/business-report/companies/glencore-will-the-previous-board-be-held-to-account-eb77c7a2-9613-46ba-a036-34289c60969b

June 1, 2022

CORPORATE pundits are calling for the board of disgraced commodities trader Glencore, including former Reserve Bank Governor Gill Marcus, a non-executive chair, to be held responsible for the group’s unethical behaviour, which recently saw it admit to fines of $1.5 billion (R23.6bn) in three territories.

Between 2007 and 2018, Glencore and its subsidiaries paid more than $52 million to intermediaries to bribe Nigerian officials in return for profits of $124m, US court filings show, and from $27m to an agent to bribe officials in Cameroon, Ivory Coast and Equatorial Guinea.

However, the US Department of Justice has confirmed that there are parallel investigations by other foreign jurisdictions.

“At the core of Glencore’s unlawful conduct is that Glencore not only entered into corrupt relationships to secure oil contracts but shockingly paid bribes to avoid government audits,” it was reported.

Tony Hayward was chairperson from 2013, while Kalidas Madhavpeddi was appointed chairperson in 2021.

As a non-executive board member, Marcus, who was on the board from 2018, is the chair of the audit committee and a member of the board’s ethics committee.

“Ms Marcus was appointed as non-executive director of Glencore on 7 December 2017, which appointment was effective from 1 January 2018. She had a fiduciary duty to ensure Glencore’s legal and ethical compliance, which duty she had to comply with during the period which was investigated by the US Department of Justice,” said a source, who declined to be named.

It was pointed out that Glencore not only benefited from its operations and presence in the country, but had been funded by the Public Investment Corporation (PIC), with the body being a substantial shareholder in the group.

“The PIC’s investments and shareholding in Glencore (Glencore’s main listing is on the London Stock Exchange with a secondary listing on the JSE) will, therefore, directly or indirectly be subject to the total of the billion dollar fines which Glencore will pay as part of its guilty plea in terms resulting from the US Department of Justice’s investigation,” the source said.

Questions have also been raised over the complicity of audit firm KPMG, which previously had the contract to oversee Glencore’s audits, until Deloitte and Touche were reappointed as external auditors early this year, subject to shareholder approval.

The African Energy Chamber this week called for African countries to open their own investigations against the global diversified miner after two subsidiaries last week pleaded guilty to multiple charges of market manipulation and bribery, including corruption related to the company’s oil operations in Africa and South America.

Former Eskom chief executives Matshela Koko and Brian Molefe have alluded to the corrupt relationship, with Koko saying he was consulting lawyers about igniting fresh investigations into President Cyril Ramaphosa-linked Glencore and its dirty deals at the power utility.

They both testified before the Commission of Inquiry into State Capture chaired by Justice Raymond Zondo that there had been an adversarial relationship between the power utility and Glencore.

Glencore picked Ramaphosa’s Shanduka as its BEE partner on a coal export project in 2005. They teamed up again as investors in the Optimum project to supply coal to the state power authority. However, the government blocked permits for the mine, forcing Glencore to sell it to the Gupta family, business allies of former president Jacob Zuma.

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882968  No.16706185

File: 3efb5a20fadc58d⋯.jpg (128.5 KB, 922x757, 922:757, Obama_Obiang_Blue_Room_Whi….JPG)

>>16706154

>Equatorial Guinea

“EQUATORIAL GUINEA 2020 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT”

https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/EQUATORIAL-GUINEA-2020-HUMAN-RIGHTS-REPORT.pdf

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Equatorial Guinea is nominally a multiparty constitutional republic. Since a military coup in 1979, President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo has dominated all branches of government in collaboration with his clan and political party, the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea, which he founded in 1991. In 2016 President Obiang claimed to receive 93.7 percent of the vote in a presidential election that many considered neither free nor fair. In 2017 the country held legislative and municipal elections that lacked independent domestic or international monitoring and verification of the voter census, registration, and the tabulation of ballots. The ruling party and its 14 coalition parties won 92 percent of the vote, taking all 75 Senate seats, 99 of 100 seats in the lower chamber, and all except one seat in municipal councils.

The vice president (eldest son of President Obiang) has overall control of the security forces. Police generally are responsible for maintaining law and order in the cities, while gendarmes are responsible for security outside cities and for special events. Police report to the minister of national security, while gendarmes report to the Ministry of National Defense. Military personnel, who report to the minister of national defense, also fulfill police functions in border areas, sensitive sites, and high-traffic areas. Both ministers report to the vice president directly. Additional police elements are in the Ministries of Interior (border and traffic police), Finance (customs police), and Justice (investigative/prosecuting police). Presidential security officials also exercise police functions at or near presidential facilities. Civilian authorities did not maintain effective control over the security forces. Members of the security forces committed numerous abuses.

Significant human rights issues included: unlawful or arbitrary killings, including extrajudicial killings by the government; forced disappearances by the government; torture and cases of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment by the government; arbitrary detention; harsh and life-threatening prison conditions; political prisoners or detainees; serious problems with independence of the judiciary; arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy; serious restrictions on free expression, press, and the internet, including violence, threats of violence, or unjustified arrests or prosecutions of journalists, censorship, site blocking, and the existence of criminal libel laws; substantial interference with the freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of association, such as overly restrictive laws on nongovernmental organizations; serious restrictions on freedom of movement; the inability of citizens to change their government peacefully through free and fair elections; restrictions on political participation; serious acts of corruption; lack of action and accountability for violence against women, although the government in one high-profile case investigated rapes of minors; trafficking in persons, although the government investigated two cases during the year; and crimes involving violence or threats of violence targeting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex persons.

The government took some steps to prosecute or punish officials who committed abuses, including certain cases prompted by criticism from the press and public, whether in the security forces or elsewhere in the government, but impunity was a serious problem.

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c71a97  No.16707723

>>16705467

>“Perenco acquires Glencore’s upstream oil interests in Chad”

“Revealed: The Frenchman, The Model, And Their $10 Billion Oil Fortune” - Perenco (1 of 3)

https://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2014/02/07/revealed-the-frenchman-the-model-and-their-10-billion-oil-fortune/?sh=263555f42fed

February 7, 2014

With a net worth estimated to be at least $10 billion, Ka Yee (Carrie) Wong Perrodo and her family are set to be one of the wealthiest new entrants to the Forbes list of Global Billionaires this year. The family has previously been listed in the French media with a net worth of 2.8 billion euros.

A former model who in the 1970s founded a modeling agency that continues to this day, Carrie Perrodo (believed to be 65 years old) is more notably the widow of oil tycoon Hubert Perrodo, who founded and built the international oil company Perenco. Mrs. Perrodo remains stunning to this day, as shown in a picture of her here, presenting the Hubert Perrodo trophy for polo; here at a fashion party; and here at a luncheon. This Chinese-language site even features some vintage modeling photos of Carrie in the 1970s.

Perenco is almost as glamorous. The oil company operates in far-flung locales like Gabon, Nigeria and Egypt, has continued to grow since Hubert's death and now enjoys net production of at least 175,000 barrels of oil (and gas equivalents) per day. According to the company, which is believed to be 100% owned by the Perrodo family, its 2012 revenues were $5.9 billion (up from $3.5 billion in 2010). Its 2012 capital spending budget was $1.2 billion.

That year it bought ConocoPhillips' Vietnamese operations for $1.29 billion. And acquired North Sea fields from BP for $400 million. Last year it bought oil fields in Colombia from Petrobras for $380 million. And in Peru, Perenco is attempting to develop oil fields in a section of Amazonian rainforest still populated by indigenous people living in "voluntary isolation." Last year in Peru the company suffered a tragedy when a helicopter crash killed 12 contractors and one employee.

Perenco's founder Hubert Perrodo was a daring entrepreneur who hailed from the fishing towns of Brittany. During his youth he served in the French navy. In 1967 he spent a summer exploring the eastern coast of the United States. There his adventures one day had him working on a yacht owned by big Gulf Oil shareholder Jack Walton. A conversation with Walton convinced Perrodo he wanted to get into the oil business. In the years to come he worked at drilling company Forex, and marine operator Comex, traveling to the likes of Iraq, Gabon, Indonesia and Singapore. In 1975 he acquired some boats and launched his first business Cosnav, renting out barges to oil companies. In 1981 he founded offshore driller Techfor, which he sold in 1992 before forming Perenco. He moved to Gabon where he soon acquired an aging offshore oil field from Amoco. From there Perrodo perfected that model of buying Big Oil's hand-me-downs, building up his company until his death while hiking Courchevel in the Alps in 2006. He was 62. (See the family's tribute to him here.)

Although Hubert's estate has not yet been divided up among his heirs, it is clear that his wife and three children will inherit the fortune. Eldest son Francois Hubert Marie Perrodo (born Feb. 14, 1977) has assumed the role of chairman of Perenco. Francois is also a sometime race-car driver, who competed in last year's European Le Mans Series, driving this Porsche 911. The other children are Nathalie Perrodo (born 1980) and Bertrand Nicolas Hubert Perrodo (born 1984).

In an interview in the British press, Perenco executive John Sewell explained the Perenco strategy of buying unloved assets from bigger companies, then breathing new life into them. Sewell also made it clear who he works for. "We are owned by the Perrodo family, we are not answerable to shareholders, and financially we are in a good position so we can react quickly to opportunities that come along."

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e4ea6e  No.16707731

>>16485428

>>16485371

>Likely Candidate for involvement.

Origins

Heather Booth, the founder of the Jane Collective

In 1965, University of Chicago student Heather Booth learned that her friend's sister had an unwanted pregnancy that left her distraught and nearly suicidal.[6][7] Booth had previously not given much thought to abortion access; her exposure to the experience of an unwanted pregnancy led her to consider abortion restrictions as unjust laws, saying, "in the face of an unjust law, you need to take action to challenge it".[6] To seek assistance for her friend's sister, Booth contacted the Medical Committee for Human Rights, who connected her with civil rights leader and surgeon T. R. M. Howard. Howard worked at the Friendship Medical Center in Chicago, and Booth sent her friend to his facility. Word spread that Booth was able to help women obtain safe abortions, and she soon began receiving calls from other women. Operating under the pseudonym "Jane",[6] Booth began taking such phone calls at her college dormitory, referring more clients to Howard, who performed the abortions for $500.[6] Booth later switched to an abortionist alternately referred to as "Mike"[8] or "Nick".[9]

Location of Hyde Park, Chicago, where the Jane Collective was founded

Outcomes and legacy

In the seven years that the group existed, they performed an estimated 11,000 abortions.[17] There were no reports of abortion-related death as a result of their work, though one member, Martha Scott, recalled that some of their patients ended up having to go to the emergency room afterwards, while others had to undergo hysterectomies.[11] One obstetrician who provided follow-up visits for the Collective's patients stated that their safety rate was comparable to legally operating clinics in New York.[14]

The story of the Jane Collective has been called a "motivational call to arms".[18] Haven Coalition, a non-profit in New York City that helps out-of-town women access abortions in the city, draws inspiration from the Jane Collective for their operations.[6] Though abortion remains legal in the US, it has become increasingly restricted: By 2018, more than 1,100 abortion restrictions had been passed in the US, and the number of abortion clinics declined by nearly half since the late 1970s.[19] A volunteer with the Haven Coalition stated, "There’s an effort to sort of preserve the vestiges of what used to be an underground railroad and something that might be again", alluding to the possibility that abortion could become illegal in the US once again.[6] The Jane Collective has also been cited as inspiration to a loose network of American women who provide illegal abortions.[19]

Representation in film

The Janes, a feature length documentary which premiered at the 2022 Sundance Film Festival. Directed by Oscar-nominated filmmakers Tia Lessin and Emma Pildes.[20]

Call Jane, a historical drama starring Elizabeth Banks and Sigourney Weaver. The film premiered at the 2022 Sundance Film Festival and was directed by Oscar-nominee Phyllis Nagy. [21]

Jane: An Abortion Service, a 1995 documentary about the Jane Collective.[22]

Ask for Jane, a 2018 historical drama film about the Jane Collective. Judith Arcana, a writer, activist, and a real-life member of the Jane Collective is a consulting producer on the film, in addition to making a cameo appearance.[23][24]

This Is Jane, an Amazon Studios historical drama starring Michelle Williams in production as of May 2018.[25]

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c71a97  No.16707737

File: 81b4bbf7577440d⋯.pdf (621.5 KB, PerencoJurisdiction.pdf)

>>16707723

“Revealed: The Frenchman, The Model, And Their $10 Billion Oil Fortune” - Perenco (2 of 3)

https://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2014/02/07/revealed-the-frenchman-the-model-and-their-10-billion-oil-fortune/?sh=263555f42fed

February 7, 2014

CEO Jean-Michel Jacoulot confirmed that in a 2011 interview with the Financial Times: "Being family owned gives us a long-term view. Our value creation comes from cash flow, not share price," Jacoulot said.

The Perrodo family is very private. Through a spokesman, they declined Forbes' request for an interview and also declined to participate in any factchecking for this story.

Much of what we know about their ownership stake in Perenco comes from documents stemming from a dispute between the company and PetroEcuador, the state oil company of Ecuador, which claimed Perenco owes some $300 million in back taxes.

Perenco in 2002 entered into a consortium to develop oil exploration blocks in the Ecuadorian jungle. The development proceeded and oil flowed, but in 2006 (once oil prices had started to rise) the Ecuadorian government enacted a law calling for oil companies to pay Ecuador up to 99% of the "extraordinary income" they were generating from fields there. Perenco complained about the tax; in 2009 Ecuador seized its oil field there, but got no buyers in an auction of 1.4 million barrels of Perenco's oil.

Perenco has fought this seizure by claiming that because the company is owned by French nationals, Ecuador cannot confiscate Perenco's oil revenues without breaching its obligations under a 1994 Bilateral Investment Treaty between the countries. PetroEcuador counters that Perenco Limited Ecuador isn't a French company, rather it is incorporated in the Bahamas.

The whole tete-a-tete is laid out in this 2011 report [http://www.italaw.com/documents/PerencoJurisdiction.pdf] from a tribunal from the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes. Regardless of the ultimate resolution of this dispute, what the documents reveal clearly is the assertion from the Perrodos that since Hubert's death, "the entire Perenco Group has been fully owned and controlled by Mr. Perrodo's heirs, consisting of his widow and three children. All are French nationals and his eldest son is now Chairman of Perenco Group."

So then, given that Hubert Perrodo's estate has not yet been distributed, how is anyone to know which Perrodo heir owns what? A declaration made by a Perrodo attorney states that "Ms. Wong, as the surviving spouse, inherited, at her discretion, either the totality of the estate in usufruct or full ownership of one fourth of the existing assets of the estate. The three children are also recorded as heirs to the estate." (I had to look up "usufruct." It means the legal right to use and enjoy the fruits or profits of something belonging to another.)

With that in mind, until the Hubert's estate is settled, we've decided to include the Perenco fortune on the Forbes list of Global Billionaires and list it under Carrie Wong Perrodo's name.

How to value an oil company like Perenco? The best way is to look for publicly traded companies with similarly diverse assets see what valuation the market gives them relative to their revenues and production volumes.

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c71a97  No.16707907

>>16707723

>>16707737

“Revealed: The Frenchman, The Model, And Their $10 Billion Oil Fortune” - Perenco (3 of 3)

https://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2014/02/07/revealed-the-frenchman-the-model-and-their-10-billion-oil-fortune/?sh=263555f42fed

February 7, 2014

To that end, consider these comparators, which all have sizable international operations but, like Perenco, no refining operations: Tullow Oil has an equity market cap of 5.7 times its annual revenues. Noble Energy sells for 5.6 times. BG Group is at 4 times sales. Anadarko Petroleum goes for 3 times sales, Apache Corp. 1.9 times, Afren, at 1.9 times and Talisman Energy, 1.7 times sales. Marathon Oil is a laggard at 1.5 times. (As for the integrated supermajors like Shell and BP, they sell for merely .5 times sales).

The average price-to-sales multiple of these 8 international oil companies comes out to 3.2x. If we toss out the highest and the lowest, we get 3x, not much different.

Applying this 3x multiple to Perenco's 2012 revenues of $5.9 billion gives us an implied equity market cap of $18 billion.

When estimating the equity value of privately held companies for the Forbes billionaires list, there's a few reasons why we like to apply an average p/s multiple. First of all, it yields a number that presupposes that the company in question is carrying an average debt load, has average growth prospects and has an average management team. This may be conservative; the company, in its limited disclosures, says that it has a "very low debt/equity ratio." Thus, we should feel pretty confident about that $18 billion.

Another way to value Perenco is by deriving an educated guess of what the company's net income is and applying an average price-to-earnings multiple. How to do that? Well the international oil analysts at Bernstein Research figured in a report last year that the average international oil company generates net income of about $14 for every barrel of oil (or natural gas equivalents) it produces. In Perenco's case, its 175,000 bbl per day amounts to 63.8 million bbl per year. At $14 per bbl that's net income of nearly $900 million (for a net margin of 15%).

So what happens when we apply a p/e multiple to that presumptive net income figure? Those same peer group companies currently trade at p/e multiples of 107x for Talisman, 36x for Tullow, 24x for Anadarko, 22x for Noble, 17x for BG, 14x for Marathon, 13x for Afren, 13x for Apache. Tossing out Talisman's outlier leaves an average p/e of 20. Applying that 20x earnings multiple to Perenco's estimated $900 million in net income gives us – $18 billion yet again. If we apply Afren's lowball 13x multiple, we get an $11.7 billion valuation.

As you may have gathered by now, when we value private companies, we like to err on the side of being conservative. That $18 billion does seem a little rich. When divided by Perenco's net production volumes of 175,000 barrels per day, that $18 billion comes out to $103,000 per flowing barrel. That's certainly in line with what oil companies are currently paying for production in the booming oil plays in the Permian Basin and Eagle Ford shale of Texas, or the Bakken play of North Dakota (often as high as $120,000 per flowing barrel). But much of Perenco's portfolio has been cobbled together by acquiring castoffs from the supermajors. A couple years ago Apache Corp. bought ExxonMobil's fields in the North Sea for a price of roughly $61,000 per flowing barrel. And consider Talisman Energy, which produces roughly 400,000 bpd and has a market cap of just $12 billion (no wonder Carl Icahn is agitating for change at Talisman). Using the lower $12 billion valuation generates a more reasonable $69,000 per flowing barrel.

That $12 billion would also equate to just more than 2x Perenco's revenues – a very conservative and comfortable multiple.

But, the thing is, we just don't know what we don't know, and in the interest of being conservative in this valuation, $10 billion is both highly plausible and very defensible.

Not included in our calculations of the Perrodos' wealth: any of their diversified investments, nor the Bordeaux vineyards and chateaux that Hubert acquired. He started with Chateau Lebegorce Zede in 1989. Then bought the castle Abbot Gorsee de Gorsee in 2002. In 2006 he acquired the Labegorce chateau, and in June 2006, just months before his death, he bought the Chateau Marquis d'Alesme Becker (reportedly for $30 million). These jewels of Bordeaux are now believed to be managed by daughter Nathalie Perrodo Samani (who can be seen talking about the wines here).

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c71a97  No.16716499

>>16716492

“US operators ensnared in tussle over host-country debt” – Perenco; CMS Nomeco Congo Inc. and Nuevo Congo Co. (2 of 4)

https://www.ogj.com/general-interest/companies/article/17224959/us-operators-ensnared-in-tussle-over-hostcountry-debt

April 24, 2006

CMS Nomeco

A US District Court in Houston ruled Apr. 5 that vulture fund FG Hemisphere Associates LLC of New York can garnish Congo’s royalty oil and the oil entitlement share of the national oil company, Ste. Nat. des Petroles du Congo (SNPC), through CMS Nomeco, the operator.

Congo courts have ruled the royalty oil is the property of the country and have ordered that lifting by the government proceed of a cargo aboard a tanker in Congolese waters.

CMS, which produces oil from Yombo field off Congo, appealed the Houston court’s decision to the US Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit in New Orleans, said attorney Andrew B. Derman of Thompson & Knight LLC.

The Houston court ordered CMS to post a bond for the value of the royalty oil, Derman said, adding this situation amounts to “trapping CMS between US and Congo court orders and exposing CMS Nomeco to double liability for the value of the oil.”

FG Managing Director Keith Fogerty said his company has a valid order from a Texas court that says CMS owes a debt to Congo, and under Texas law, that is garnishable.

“If you do business in those types of places in the world, you have to accept the consequences,” Fogerty said. “This is not a case of an innocent third party. This is someone working hand in hand with the illegitimate government of the Congo to defeat a lawful garnishment claim.”

Garnishment cases against Perenco’s subsidiaries are complicated and involve federal courts in Austin, Dallas, and Houston, Derman said. Perenco has spent “millions” of dollars in litigation costs, he said, refusing to be more specific.

The cases involve an undisputed Congo government default on a highway construction loan from the 1980s, Derman told participants at the American Association of Petroleum Geologists annual convention in Houston on Apr. 12.

Perenco acquired CMS Nomeco in 2002, a year after a vulture fund started trying to collect oil proceeds from CMS Nomeco. Eventually, Perenco also acquired Nuevo Congo assets after Plains Exploration & Production Co. bought Nuevo Energy Co. in 2004.

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c71a97  No.16716505

>>16716492

>>16716499

“US operators ensnared in tussle over host-country debt” – Perenco; CMS Nomeco Congo Inc. and Nuevo Congo Co. (3 of 4)

https://www.ogj.com/general-interest/companies/article/17224959/us-operators-ensnared-in-tussle-over-hostcountry-debt

April 24, 2006

Immunities law

The legal arguments hinge on whether Congo’s royalty oil is protected as its property under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) and whether it can be garnished.

The appellate court’s 2004 ruling on behalf of Af-Cap Inc., another vulture fund, said Congo’s royalty can be garnished in the US, Derman said.

Meanwhile, Congo courts last year ordered CMS to honor SNPC’s contractual right to lift the government’s royalty oil on time, regardless of US court decisions and the garnishment writs. Congo refuses to recognize US court actions, Derman said.

“The issue today is vulture funds are trying to collect SNPC’s share of oil from US oil and gas companies,” Derman said.

More than 70 nations throughout Africa, Latin America, Eastern Europe, and Asia have defaulted on sovereign debt, he said, adding that many US companies have investments in these countries.

“If the decision of the US federal court is upheld, US companies operating abroad will be at the mercy of vulture funds,” Derman said. “There are three critical issues that American companies will encounter if this continues: fear of investing abroad, negative effects on international debt restructuring, and US laws may have to change.”

In the meantime, he said, “Every US company doing business with nations that have defaulted sovereign debt or may default in the future are put directly in harm’s way by the vulture funds’ attempts to use US garnishment law to collect on the paper they bought for pennies on the dollar.”

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c71a97  No.16716511

>>16716499

>>16716492

>>16716505

“US operators ensnared in tussle over host-country debt” – Perenco; CMS Nomeco Congo Inc. and Nuevo Congo Co. (4 of 4)

https://www.ogj.com/general-interest/companies/article/17224959/us-operators-ensnared-in-tussle-over-hostcountry-debt

April 24, 2006

Chevron’s brief

In a brief filed in the CMS case, Chevron said US companies having international operations could find themselves in protracted and costly efforts brought by creditors holding sovereign debt.

“This result will substantially and adversely impact American companies in their efforts to develop foreign mineral resources and will subject them to burdensome and intrusive litigation to collect debts,” the Chevron brief said.

The oil companies, which have no connection with the underlying debt, find themselves as garnishees and are pulled into “limitless garnishment litigation,” Chevron said.

In California, Chevron has responded to three separate proceedings involving Af-Cap garnishment efforts. The oil company said it incurred almost 3,000 attorney-hr over 3 years “at substantial expense.”

Previously, Murphy Exploration & Production Co. International was a defendant in a garnishment case involving Congo (Brazzaville).

The 5th Circuit in December 2004 dismissed that case, which was filed by Walker International Holding Ltd. against Murphy about its signing bonuses.

FG arguments

Fogerty said Congo’s government oil accounts are in question.

“Congo is one of the most predatory, bad regimes in the world where the elite are stealing money left, right, and center. And as all of us know, you can’t steal that type of money without the cooperation of all different kinds of people,” Fogerty said. “Now I’m not suggesting that Perenco is helping them steal that money, but our auditing of the Congo oil accounts shows that somewhere between $500 million to $1 billion has disappeared, probably over the last 5 years.”

Forgerty said, “Our argument is that they [Perenco] are colluding with Congo to try to defeat the court orders. They are not third parties. They are partners who are knee deep in it.”

He added that Congo recently incarcerated two human rights activists who were pointing out the discrepancies in the country’s oil accounts.

Brice Mackosso, of the Congolese Justice and Peace Commission, and Christian Mounzeo, of the Rencontre pour la Paix et les Droits de l’Homme, who act as coordinators of the Congolese PWYP Coalition, have been held in Congo since Apr. 7 on civil charges.

Their detention is said to be linked to their campaign for greater transparency in the management of Congo’s oil revenues. ✦

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c71a97  No.16716541

File: 6682b7bd7d8f4f0⋯.jpg (84.93 KB, 920x613, 920:613, Jean_Michel_Jacoulot.JPG)

>>16707723

>>16716492

>JEAN JACOULOT; Archived Record Houston, TX — Previous President for Cms Nomeco Congo Inc.

>>16706185

>“EQUATORIAL GUINEA 2020 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT”

Jean-Michel Jacoulot – Trident Energy’s first asset in Equatorial Guinea

https://www.trident-energy.com/our-team/leadership-team/jean-michel-jacoulot

Chief Executive Officer

Jean-Michel Jacoulot co-founded Trident Energy in 2016. He is the Chief Executive Officer and a key member of the Board of Directors. He oversees strategic decision-making, the organization of the group and M&A activity, and was instrumental in the acquisition of Trident’s first asset in Equatorial Guinea.

Jean-Michel Jacoulot has over 25 years of experience in Senior Management roles in the Oil and Gas industry. He was the Chief Executive Officer of Perenco from 2007 to 2016. He completed a series of successful acquisitions of mid-life assets during this time and conducted major development projects, doubling the Group’s reserves and operated-production.

He joined Perenco in 1995 and held a number of key roles prior to becoming CEO. He started out as an Asset Manager in Gabon before moving to Colombia where he was a Project and Production Engineer. In 1999, he became the Country General Manager for Venezuela, supervising the operations and liaising with the regulatory authorities and the National Oil Company there. Three years later, he was named Country General Manager for Guatemala before becoming Africa Area Manager in 2003, and finally did a stint as Deputy Chief Executive Officer from 2005 until he was named Chief Executive Officer in 2007. In the Deputy Chief Executive Officer role, his was in charge of restructuring the business, overseeing M&A activity and reinforcing the “Perenco excellence in Operations” to fully establish a Quality, Health, Safety and Environment culture within the organisation.

Jean-Michel Jacoulot is a graduate of INSA Lyon, the French National Institute of Applied Sciences, and holds a Master’s degree in Petroleum Engineering from the IFP School in France, the French Institute of Petroleum.

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c71a97  No.16716562

>>16716541

Trident Energy – “backing from leading private equity firms Warburg Pincus and Quantum Energy Partners”

https://www.trident-energy.com/about-trident-energy

Trident Energy was formed with a focused mission: to unlock the value of mid-life oil & gas assets.

We acquired and successfully took over the Ceiba and Okume assets in Equatorial Guinea from Hess Corporation in 2017 and completed the acquisition of Pampo and Enchova, off the coast of Rio de Janeiro, in 2020.

These acquisitions are in line with our strategy to acquire mid-life producing assets globally.

We focus on oil and gas fields lacking attention and investment, to re-develop them, increase production, unlock reserves, and create value for all stakeholders.

At Trident we have had the exciting opportunity to build our company from the ground up.

So we are flat in structure, entrepreneurial and nimble. We have no unnecessary layers or barriers to clear decision-making. And we never forget that the success of any business is hard-wired to the satisfaction of all its stakeholders:

For host states and governments we are a trusted and productive partner who generates important national revenues. We do not operate remotely – our project leaders and their families relocate in-country, as we fulfil our role as a major contributor to the local economy and community.

Trident Energy stands on firm financial foundations.

Central to our investment plans is a $400 million Line of Equity backing from leading private equity firms Warburg Pincus and Quantum Energy Partners. With their support Trident is well placed to achieve its continued growth and business development.

Warburg bring more than 50 years’ experience in growth investment and have supported over 800 companies with more than $60bn of equity. In the energy space, Warburg has invested, or committed, over $10bn across more than 50 investments. Trident Energy is currently unique in their portfolio as the only specialist in international mid-life oil & gas assets.

Quantum Energy Partners is a leading provider of private capital across the energy ecosystem, including traditional and sustainable energy with a long and proven track record of successfully investing in companies with a partnership approach.

Our respective investment cultures are like-minded: measured, selective growth, coupled with creative thinking and innovative ideas. We also believe in creating value but doing so responsibly.

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c71a97  No.16716591

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16716562

>Trident Energy – “backing from leading private equity firms Warburg Pincus and Quantum Energy Partners”

>>16716541

>Trident Energy’s first asset in Equatorial Guinea

>>16706185 - Obama with Obiang in Blue Room of the White House

“Geithner grilled over AIG” - https://youtu.be/qWHLEPSwWtA

Warburg Pincus President, Timothy F. Geithner, was in the Obama administration

https://warburgpincus.com/firm/firm-history/

2013 – Former US Secretary of the Treasury Timothy F. Geithner joined Warburg Pincus as President.

https://warburgpincus.com/team/timothy-f-geithner/

Timothy Geithner serves as President of Warburg Pincus. In this capacity, Mr. Geithner helps oversee the investment decisions and the management of the firm. Before joining Warburg Pincus, Mr. Geithner served as the 75th Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Treasury from 2009 to 2013. He previously served as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York from 2003 to 2009. He began his U.S. government career with the Treasury Department in 1988. Mr. Geithner is Chair of the Program on Financial Stability at the Yale University School of Management, where he is also a visiting lecturer. He is Co-Chair of the Board of Directors of the International Rescue Committee. He serves on the Board of Directors of the Council on Foreign Relations. He is a member of the Group of Thirty. Mr. Geithner holds a B.A. in Government and Asian Studies from Dartmouth College and an M.A. in International Economics and East Asian Studies from Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.

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c71a97  No.16716614

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16716591

“BILL MOYERS JOURNAL | William K. Black | PBS” – “former senior regulator who cracked down on banks during the savings and loan crisis of the 1980s” – Bush, Clinton, Obama administrations, Geithner, etc. (1 of 2)

https://youtu.be/Rz1b__MdtHY

http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/04032009/transcript1.html

April 3, 2009

WILLIAM K. BLACK: The FBI publicly warned, in September 2004 that there was an epidemic of mortgage fraud, that if it was allowed to continue it would produce a crisis at least as large as the Savings and Loan debacle. And that they were going to make sure that they didn't let that happen. So what goes wrong? After 9/11, the attacks, the Justice Department transfers 500 white-collar specialists in the FBI to national terrorism. Well, we can all understand that. But then, the Bush administration refused to replace the missing 500 agents. So even today, again, as you say, this crisis is 1000 times worse, perhaps, certainly 100 times worse, than the Savings and Loan crisis. There are one-fifth as many FBI agents as worked the Savings and Loan crisis.

BILL MOYERS: You talk about the Bush administration. Of course, there's that famous photograph of some of the regulators in 2003, who come to a press conference with a chainsaw suggesting that they're going to slash, cut business loose from regulation, right?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Well, they succeeded. And in that picture, by the way, the other — three of the other guys with pruning shears are the…

BILL MOYERS: That's right.

WILLIAM K. BLACK: They're the trade representatives. They're the lobbyists for the bankers. And everybody's grinning. The government's working together with the industry to destroy regulation. Well, we now know what happens when you destroy regulation. You get the biggest financial calamity of anybody under the age of 80.

BILL MOYERS: But I can point you to statements by Larry Summers, who was then Bill Clinton's Secretary of the Treasury, or the other Clinton Secretary of the Treasury, Rubin. I can point you to suspects in both parties, right?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: There were two really big things, under the Clinton administration. One, they got rid of the law that came out of the real-world disasters of the Great Depression. We learned a lot of things in the Great Depression. And one is we had to separate what's called commercial banking from investment banking. That's the Glass-Steagall law. But we thought we were much smarter, supposedly. So we got rid of that law, and that was bipartisan. And the other thing is we passed a law, because there was a very good regulator, Brooksley Born, that everybody should know about and probably doesn't. She tried to do the right thing to regulate one of these exotic derivatives that you're talking about. We call them C.D.F.S. And Summers, Rubin, and Phil Gramm came together to say not only will we block this particular regulation. We will pass a law that says you can't regulate. And it's this type of derivative that is most involved in the AIG scandal. AIG all by itself, cost the same as the entire Savings and Loan debacle.

BILL MOYERS: What did AIG contribute? What did they do wrong?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: They made bad loans. Their type of loan was to sell a guarantee, right? And they charged a lot of fees up front. So, they booked a lot of income. Paid enormous bonuses. The bonuses we're thinking about now, they're much smaller than these bonuses that were also the product of accounting fraud. And they got very, very rich. But, of course, then they had guaranteed this toxic waste. These liars' loans.

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c71a97  No.16716618

>>16716614

“BILL MOYERS JOURNAL | William K. Black | PBS” – “former senior regulator who cracked down on banks during the savings and loan crisis of the 1980s” – Bush, Clinton, Obama administrations, Geithner, etc. (2 of 2)

http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/04032009/transcript1.html

April 3, 2009

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Well, we've just gone through why those toxic waste, those liars' loans, are going to have enormous losses. And so, you have to pay the guarantee on those enormous losses. And you go bankrupt. Except that you don't in the modern world, because you've come to the United States, and the taxpayers play the fool. Under Secretary Geithner and under Secretary Paulson before him… we took $5 billion dollars, for example, in U.S. taxpayer money. And sent it to a huge Swiss Bank called UBS. At the same time that that bank was defrauding the taxpayers of America. And we were bringing a criminal case against them. We eventually get them to pay a $780 million fine, but wait, we gave them $5 billion. So, the taxpayers of America paid the fine of a Swiss Bank. And why are we bailing out somebody who that is defrauding us?

BILL MOYERS: Who's covering up?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Geithner is charging, is covering up. Just like Paulson did before him. Geithner is publicly saying that it's going to take $2 trillion — a trillion is a thousand billion — $2 trillion taxpayer dollars to deal with this problem. But they're allowing all the banks to report that they're not only solvent, but fully capitalized. Both statements can't be true. It can't be that they need $2 trillion, because they have masses losses, and that they're fine.

These are all people who have failed. Paulson failed, Geithner failed. They were all promoted because they failed, not because…

BILL MOYERS: What do you mean?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Well, Geithner has, was one of our nation's top regulators, during the entire subprime scandal, that I just described. He took absolutely no effective action. He gave no warning. He did nothing in response to the FBI warning that there was an epidemic of fraud. All this pig in the poke stuff happened under him. So, in his phrase about legacy assets. Well he's a failed legacy regulator.

BILL MOYERS: Yeah. Are you saying that Timothy Geithner, the Secretary of the Treasury, and others in the administration, with the banks, are engaged in a cover up to keep us from knowing what went wrong?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Absolutely.

BILL MOYERS: You are.

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Absolutely, because they are scared to death. All right? They're scared to death of a collapse. They're afraid that if they admit the truth, that many of the large banks are insolvent. They think Americans are a bunch of cowards, and that we'll run screaming to the exits. And we won't rely on deposit insurance. And, by the way, you can rely on deposit insurance. And it's foolishness. All right? Now, it may be worse than that. You can impute more cynical motives. But I think they are sincerely just panicked about, "We just can't let the big banks fail." That's wrong.

BILL MOYERS: But what might happen, at this point, if in fact they keep from us the true health of the banks?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Well, then the banks will, as they did in Japan, either stay enormously weak, or Treasury will be forced to increasingly absurd giveaways of taxpayer money. We've seen how horrific AIG – and remember, they kept secrets from everyone.

BILL MOYERS: A.I.G. did?

WILLIAM K. BLACK: What we're doing with – no, Treasury and both administrations. The Bush administration and now the Obama administration kept secret from us what was being done with AIG. AIG was being used secretly to bail out favored banks like UBS and like Goldman Sachs. Secretary Paulson's firm, that he had come from being CEO. It got the largest amount of money. $12.9 billion. And they didn't want us to know that. And it was only Congressional pressure, and not Congressional pressure, by the way, on Geithner, but Congressional pressure on AIG.

Where Congress said, "We will not give you a single penny more unless we know who received the money." And, you know, when he was Treasury Secretary, Paulson created a recommendation group to tell Treasury what they ought to do with AIG. And he put Goldman Sachs on it.

BILL MOYERS: Even though Goldman Sachs had a big vested stake.

WILLIAM K. BLACK: Massive stake. And even though he had just been CEO of Goldman Sachs before becoming Treasury Secretary. Now, in most stages in American history, that would be a scandal of such proportions that he wouldn't be allowed in civilized society.

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4c4033  No.16717044

Equatorial Guinea Bun

>>16706185 Equatorial Guinea 2020 Human Rights Report

>>16716541 Jean-Michel Jacoulot – Trident Energy’s first asset in Equatorial Guinea

>>16716562 Trident Energy – backing from leading private equity firms Warburg Pincus and Quantum Energy Partners

>>16716591 Warburg Pincus President, Timothy F. Geithner, was in the Obama administration

>>16716614, >>16716618 Bill Moyers Journal | William K. Black | PBS” – “former senior regulator who cracked down on banks during the savings and loan crisis of the 1980s” – Bush, Clinton, Obama administrations, Geithner, etc (parts 1&2)

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9ff6e4  No.16717045

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

“WATCH | July Unrest: A recap of the events as they unfolded 1 year ago” - https://youtu.be/RajqciQHjLI

Last year’s riot was a test run and a smoke screen to steal strategic items but my sense is that it is much bigger than Zuma and he is made the scapegoat… Could it be orchestrated by the state government in order for them to have an excuse to transform South Africa into a totalitarian state? This article is good summary of events which unfolded in 2021…

“Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn” Part 1

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-07-07-cash-guns-ammo-comms-sa-on-the-verge-of-another-insurrection-security-experts-warn/

7 July 2022

The government was warned about the July 2021 riots months in advance. They didn’t listen. Daily Maverick spoke to several sources with ties to the State Security Agency, Police Crime Intelligence, the military and the Hawks. All spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of their positions. They predict a terrifying scenario: a repeat insurrection, likely driven by the pro-Zuma RET faction and marked by guerilla-style sabotage. The aim: to keep Jacob Zuma — and his allies implicated in the State Capture inquiry — out of jail.

It’s the night before Christmas for the thieves. Tomorrow, on 13 July 2021, looters will strip bare the Massmart warehouse on Queen Nandi Drive in Durban. But tonight, a band of men secretly break into the facility, shut off the CCTV cameras and escape with survival gear.

“Tents, generators, stuff you need to live rough for weeks,” explains a source in the security sector with knowledge of police operations who spoke to us on condition of anonymity. Then, the source says, word went out on WhatsApp that the building was unguarded and open for business; chaos ensued on the 13th as looters ransacked the store, carrying off large appliances by the truckload in broad daylight. With all the attention on the blatant looting, the theft of the previous evening went unnoticed.

Three independent sources with ties to the police, the Hawks and the State Security Agency told us about the quiet break-in. Sources explained that it was one of five events that took place around the time of the 2021 unrest that were probably aimed at laying the groundwork for a future insurrection. The 2021 looting, says the security sector source, was a “dry run”, and the thefts that took place during the riots were a part of gathering supplies and weapons to equip a small army.

Cash and guns, ammo and comms

The first event took care of the gear.

Event number two was all about the guns: two containers of AK-47-type rifles not destined for South Africa went missing during the chaos that ensued at the Durban harbour when Transnet suffered a cyberattack, sources say. A source with ties to state intelligence explained that the rifles utilised 7.62mm rounds similar to those used in the Russian AK-47 and its Chinese knock-off, the Type-56. Those guns are yet to be found, but, said an intelligence specialist with ties to the public and private security sector who also confirmed the theft, “I’m telling you: those guns are in KZN.”

Number three: The bullets. More specifically, the million-plus rounds of ammunition stolen during the July 2021 riots after it was moved, under suspicious circumstances, to a depot near the Durban harbour with scant security measures in place. According to the sources, the vast majority of the bullets still haven’t been retrieved, despite numerous media reports. “Where’s the manifest? If they had retrieved them, the photos would have been on the front page of every newspaper.”

The intelligence specialist also said that the bullets were still in circulation.

Number four: The comms. During the 2021 looting, several radio stations were stripped bare of their equipment. On the surface, this might seem like straightforward looting, or an attempt to disable communications within the community and disrupt daily life.

But there’s a more sinister element, explains the intelligence specialist. The looters also made off with repeaters — devices that capture fading radio signals, boost them, and then transmit them again.

They are necessary to communicate over long distances and could be used to set up an alternative communications system — exactly what insurrectionists would need if the government shuts down the major providers’ cellular and fixed-line networks. And, explains the source, disabling communications infrastructure is a common technique used by guerilla fighters in Africa.

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4c4033  No.16717048

Sir Bradley Fried & Nathan "Natie" Kirsh Bun

>>16696619 Sir Bradley Fried – Partners Capital

>>16696646 “Leon Blitz and Bradley Fried made their first investment in Israel. $50 million in Algatechnologies”

>>16696664 “Olympus: Where were the auditors?” – “The ghosts of [Arthur] Andersen may still be with us.” [Enron]

>>16697430 “R150 Million Gift from the Kirsh Foundation” to Witwatersrand University – December 2020

>>16697445 ”University of Witwatersrand Famous Alumni”

>>16698009 Exposed: DA-Agang mystery funder” – Nathan “Natie” Kirsh, Mamphela Ramphele, former prosecutor Glynnis Breytenbach, Helen Zille

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4c4033  No.16717050

Glencore & Xstrata Bun

>>16698270 Special report: The biggest company you never heard of”[Glencore] - Willy Strothotte - Part 1

>>16698275 Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] - England cricketer Phil Edmonds - Part 2

>>16698285 Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] - Toronto stock exchange rules - Part 3

>>16698352 Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] – Glencore and Xstrata shared a chairman - Part 4

>>16698367 Special report: The biggest company you never heard of” [Glencore] - Part 5

>>16705462 Mining giant Glencore faces human rights complaint over toxic spill in Chad

>>16705467 Perenco acquires Glencore’s upstream oil interests in Chad

>>16705474 IMF chief Georgieva: Creditors of Common Framework countries to meet in July – Chad owes 1/3 of its external debt to Glencore

>>16706154 Glencore: Will the previous board be held to account?” – Gill Marcus to be held responsible, KPMG, PIC

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9ff6e4  No.16717054

>>16717045

“Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn” Part 2

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-07-07-cash-guns-ammo-comms-sa-on-the-verge-of-another-insurrection-security-experts-warn/

7 July 2022

But, says the security sector source, another scenario is far more likely, since setting up your own communications network is an intricate process that may be overly visible. The repeaters could more likely be used to tap into the police’s encrypted radio communications over the Tetra system. That would give insurrectionists a bird’s-eye view of the police actions.

And, finally, number five: The cash. Around the time of the riots, R120-million in cash was stolen from more than 1,200 ATMs in just one week. That money still hasn’t been retrieved, sources say. Of the massive operation, the source in the security sector says: “They [the ATMs] were bombed, ripped out of the wall. What you have is enough cash to pay an army.”

All of this, our sources say, points to one thing: An organised insurrection driven by guerilla tactics. “It’ll only take the slightest spark now,” says the intelligence specialist.

That, says the source in the security sector, is because strike season, the rising petrol price, Eskom outages, power struggles in the ANC, and former president Jacob Zuma’s upcoming trial in August are all converging to form a political pressure cooker:

“We’re on a knife’s edge. We’re a country on the verge of tearing itself apart.”

The gift of cadre deployment

The stolen guns and ammunition, say sources, indicate some level of organisation at play. A former employee of a major shipping company with knowledge of the South African port environment explained that if the containers’ arrival at the harbour was illegal, it must have been carefully orchestrated.

“You need a logistical structure and custom and clearance agents’ cooperation. I remember these guns going missing. It had to have been with the assistance of whoever despatched the weapons and Transnet agents in the harbour. You need quite a few parties working together. It wasn’t an impulsive theft.”

According to the source in the security sector with knowledge of police operations, the movement of the container of ammunition to a non-secure depot indicates that someone from within the SAPS’s ranks was involved.

The intelligence specialist explained that weapons are normally smuggled into the southern African region through Cabo Delgado in Mozambique, but with the Isis terror campaign in the north of that country, the port had garnered unwanted attention. The result is that Durban became an alternative entry point. Those benefiting from this type of smuggling are terror groups and highly placed government officials.

But the people who shipped the weapons and ammunition to South Africa, whether legally or not, aren’t necessarily those who took them; the original senders may have been one-upped by the thieves, as one risk analyst explained.

“The fact is, even if it is a legit import, key people have been placed through cadre deployment in key posts all over the place, and with the breakdown of the ANC into two factions, at least half of those people are with the one side and half with the other. So there are people inside key entities like ports, airports and border posts, who have a clear line of sight and control over things that are happening. That’s an issue.

“We’ve got insider threats in National Key Points and in key infrastructure entities all over the place. That’s the gift of cadre deployment and the meltdown of the ANC that created this toxic issue.”

And, says the source, it’s a “legacy” problem, not easily solved: “You can’t just fire everybody. You’ve got to actually prove they’ve done something wrong. You can’t just fire someone because you know he’s a Zuma man. Cadre deployment worked for them when the ANC was of one mind. But now they’re at war with each other. Literally.”

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9ff6e4  No.16717068

>>16717045

>>16717054

“Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn” Part 3

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-07-07-cash-guns-ammo-comms-sa-on-the-verge-of-another-insurrection-security-experts-warn/

7 July 2022

The source in the security sector agrees, remarking that during Zuma’s tenure, the Cabinet ballooned. “He basically cut several ministries in half. That’s twice as many ministers, twice as many deputies, twice as many DGs — twice as many people who have to kneel down and kiss the ring.”

The security sector source and another person in the security industry with inside knowledge of state intelligence operations believe that it would have been government insiders who deliberately allowed the movement of containers from the Durban harbour to locations with less stringent security where they could be easily stolen.

“It doesn’t say ‘guns’ on the outside” of the container, explains the security sector source, and added to that, says the source close to state intelligence, they are stored amid dozens of other containers. However, an insider would know what to look for. With all the hallmarks of an inside job, the theft points to a division within the ranks of state officials responsible for the cargo’s safety, the sources say. It’s a division along the factional lines of the ANC: those for Zuma, and those against. This division is not only probably within the Transnet staff, but also within the police and the State Security Agency, the sources say.

It’s this division that very likely led to the event that would have made possible the alleged weapons theft: the cyberattack on Transnet’s port systems in the Durban harbour. (During the hack of Transnet’s systems, the management of freight containers was in disarray, and processing slowed down drastically.) All of our sources are convinced that the correlation of events was no accident, but rather specifically orchestrated to facilitate the theft of the weapons. But the hack doesn’t necessarily point to insurgents with sophisticated cyber capabilities; rather, it’s likely to be another inside job.

A cybersecurity expert who spoke on condition of anonymity explained that the hack could be due to the simple installation of malware purchased from one of many “hacking-as-a-service” outlets — people selling computer viruses to those unable to brew their own. Placing it on a USB stick and getting an insider to do the job is “easy as pie” says the expert. “Have you ever been asked (upon entering a building) if you’ve got a USB in your pocket? No. Better still, have a workshop on the ground floor and hand out a free branded USB stick to everyone as part of the swag for the day. You don’t have to hack your way into a system. Just hand out some free stuff.”

In this way, an insider would easily have been able to plant malware. The risk analyst explains that this is a realistic scenario given Zuma’s background and connections in intelligence, and estimates there is a high likelihood that supporters of Zuma and the Radical Economic Transformation (RET) faction would have been involved in such actions, even if attribution of the attack is near-impossible due to the opaque nature of cyber warfare.

“They [the RET faction] will have their sleepers all over the place. Those guys, because of cadre deployment, are sitting in every single key state infrastructure entity, from Eskom to Transnet, to all over the place. When they were appointed in the early 2010s, Zuma’s camp was in charge and they were put into key positions.”

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9ff6e4  No.16717073

>>16717045

>>16717054

>>16717068

“Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn” Part 4

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-07-07-cash-guns-ammo-comms-sa-on-the-verge-of-another-insurrection-security-experts-warn/

7 July 2022

Blunt force, with a chance of sophistication

Despite the level of organisation displayed with the stolen gear and guns, a coup — which is defined as a government being removed with the help of its own military — is highly unlikely, according to our sources. There are several reasons for this. For one, the risk analyst said, President Cyril Ramaphosa has made some deliberate moves to gain control over the military and security services.

“He put Thandi Modise in there [as defence minister] when he changed his Cabinet. He’s brought the minister of state security into the Presidency.” Says the intelligence specialist: “Ramaphosa has put his greatest confidants in charge of the military.”

To boot, says the analyst, the military still has a culture of loyalty to the commander-in-chief — the democratically elected president. “There was a lot of talk, in 2017, that the generals went to tell Zuma, ‘Look, you need to stand down.’ There was talk that Zuma had an idea that the generals would back him up. And they didn’t. Military discipline is a big thing. I think there are a lot of senior officers in the SANDF who just want to do their job.”

Rather, all our sources agree, an insurrection is highly likely. Whereas a military coup requires precision and a near-instant transition of power, an insurrection is a blunt-force instrument aimed at destabilising a country over a period of time to gain leverage to force the government to negotiate with you. And a repeat of last year’s events is bound to be more violent and involve more firepower.

The intelligence specialist maintains that Zuma would use intelligence and guerilla tactics to make the country ungovernable. Says the risk analyst: “You manipulate the population into doing your dirty work. You stay behind the scenes, and you have plausible deniability, and there’s no clear attribution — a clear trail can’t be proven. And that’s exactly where we are, after last year’s insurrection.” Adds the intelligence specialist: “The 12 that were arrested for organising the riots — they were [part of the] RET, but they’re just pawns.”

According to the source with knowledge of state intelligence operations, the looting of 2021 was an example of manipulating ordinary people (who aren’t in any faction) to serve your political purpose. Many of the looters only stole food: “Our people are hungry. There are millions of people who go to bed hungry, tired and cold every night in this country.”

This destabilisation, says the source with knowledge of state intelligence, has one simple goal: Keeping people out of jail, especially Zuma. “Zuma is extremely powerful. People don’t realise this.”

His incarceration in 2021 all but assured an insurrection, says the source. And now, with the Zondo Commission’s reports into State Capture released, there is even more at stake.

Says the risk analyst: “Already on the table, you’re beginning to see talk about amnesty for State Capture people because we need to move on and we need stability.

“These guys will take us all down with them rather than go to the slammer. To stay out of jail — that is the goal.” And, says the security sector source, things aren’t looking good for the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) anyway: “Zuma knows where all the bodies are buried and he’s got the shovel. The NPA has to decide: How far down the rabbit hole do they want to go?”

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9ff6e4  No.16717075

>>16717045

>>16717054

>>16717068

>>16717073

“Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn” Part 5

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-07-07-cash-guns-ammo-comms-sa-on-the-verge-of-another-insurrection-security-experts-warn/

7 July 2022

They were warned

The government, thus far, has been slow to react to warnings from observers in the security field. It’s a near-repeat of their reaction last year, explains the security sector source.

The source says that private intelligence firms constantly observe the security situation in Africa; they are paid by large corporations that want to protect assets. These observers knew that the riots would happen in July 2021. But the government wouldn’t listen.

According to one such observer, they had warned the government several “months before the riot” with multiple reports, but to no avail: “There were more than enough red flags.”

According to the source with knowledge of state intelligence operations, the government was warned as early as March, yet did nothing: “They told them not to lock up Zuma.” The source in the security sector also says that private sector security firms warned the government, but to no avail: “The government waited until KZN was burning.”

The government’s response to a new insurrection is anything but coordinated.

This time around, sources say things are not looking much better; police are still outmanned, outplanned and outgunned. Says the intelligence specialist: “Even if we had 10,000 extra policemen, it wouldn’t be enough.”

The source said their intelligence last year revealed that there was an appetite for violence and looting countrywide following the KZN and Gauteng unrest: “It’s as if people were just waiting for something to set them off.” Next time, says the source, violence may well spread to other parts of the country.

The source in the security sector said that 2021 proved that “security forces were not prepared and aren’t prepared”. In 2021, the key targets were already struck before the looting, and private security firms could only protect small enclaves. The source close to state intelligence said that preparations to handle the scale of insurrection seen in 2021 take several months, and preparations on that scale have not happened.

One thing that the state has done, the sources say, is to beef up VIP protection for top government officials. The security sector source says that the reaction is very similar to the government’s response during the flooding in KZN, when a water tanker was allegedly purposely sent to the home of KwaZulu-Natal Premier Sihle Zikalala and not to the local community (although this was later officially written off as a misunderstanding).

“They are making sure to protect the fat cats,” says the source.

In June this year, discussions in Parliament saw the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants question the R1.7-billion allocated to VIP protection.

None of this is reassuring, especially not when taking into account the nature of guerilla insurgency. Warns the risk analyst: “The state needs to position itself to respond accordingly now, because the essence of guerilla warfare tends to be regrouping, learning from mistakes and coming back stronger.”

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9ff6e4  No.16717087

>>16717045

>>16717054

>>16717068

>>16717073

>>16717075

“Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn” Part 6

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-07-07-cash-guns-ammo-comms-sa-on-the-verge-of-another-insurrection-security-experts-warn/

7 July 2022

The responses

We asked the Hawks a series of specific questions about investigations into the missing R120-million in ATM cash, the alleged theft of the automatic weapons and the actual theft of the ammunition, as well as the potential threat posed to the police’s Tetra system following the theft of the radio repeaters.

We also asked them to comment on the potential link between a future insurrection and the missing items. They did not answer our questions specifically, but spokesperson Brigadier Thandi Mbambo did confirm the following:

“Our major investigations led by two brigadiers, one of whom was solely dedicated to the task have wrapped their major part and the matters are being assessed by the NPA for decision [sic]. So far eight cases have been successfully investigated and accused identified and arrested. Two of the cases have been struck off the roll due to insufficient evidence, whilst two have been withdrawn for further investigation. Four cases are trial-ready and will be heard in July, August and September. As such we cannot confirm details of any ongoing investigation until the DPP has given a decision on those matters. The investigations are still continuing.”

We asked the SAPS similar questions, but did not receive a response despite repeated requests for comment and an extended deadline.

We asked Transnet whether the alleged moving of the shipping containers carrying automatic weapons and ammunition was being investigated, and if they suspected a link between the thefts and the cyberattack on July 22. Transnet spokesperson Ayanda Shezi said there was no reported incident of theft within its “operating environment”.

“Containers are coded according to the United Nations cargo classification of International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) and the declaration of all dangerous goods is compulsory as per the National Ports Act 2005 and the Port rules. This cargo classification prescribes the handling and ensures the transaction adheres to a specified standard operating procedure.

“In the case of ammunition or automatic weapons, the classification would be Class 1 because the material is explosive in nature. Three approvals are required in this instance, and include the SAPS Explosives Unit, Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA), the harbourmaster and the South African Maritime Safety Authority.

“Class 1 cargo is offloaded only if a container road haulage vehicle is waiting as per the standard operating procedure because evacuation is immediate. The cargo cannot be kept in the vicinity of the port. The contents of all containers loaded or offloaded are not disclosed to the terminals/operators to ensure cargo safety and minimise incidents of theft.

“Once the cargo leaves the port, TNPA does not have any authority to oversee or control the cargo, it becomes the responsibility of the SAPS Explosives Unit and traffic departments to ensure the safety of the public and security of the cargo. The cargo owner is also responsible for ensuring the security of their cargo throughout the logistics chain.

“According to Transnet records, the containers in question were declared and handled as IMDG Class 1 cargo. Transnet has not recorded an incident of either stolen automatic weapons or stolen ammunition within its operating environment. There were no investigations related to this matter within Transnet.

“The KZN unrest commenced on 12 July 2021. The Transnet cyberattack occurred two weeks after this event on 22 July 2021. The cyberattack had no impact on the evacuation of the IMDG container referred to above.”

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4c4033  No.16717088

=Notables are NOT Endorsements==

passing 150

#9

>>16656491 STABILISING FRAGILE STATES; The Tswalu Protocol Revisited - 2011 (includes pdf)

>>16656534, >>16656537 “A Tip for African Governments on Attracting Investment” - Tswalu Investment Protocol (Part 1&2)

>>16656585 Jonathan Oppenheimer V Revenue & Customs (Income Tax – Whether in UK or RSA) - 2021

>>16696485 Meet Ian Cameron, the man who wouldn’t cower to Bheki Cele (video)

>>16696498, >>16696504 Why more women in South Africa need firearms for self-defence” – Gender Based Violence (Part 1&2)

>>16696610 “Partners Capital [Lord Jacob Rothschild and Sir Ronald Cohen] Adds to its Board of Directors with the Appointment of Four Global Investment Executives” – Former Co-founder and CEO of Makena, David Burke is one of them

>>16707723, >>16707737, >>16707907 Revealed: The Frenchman, The Model, And Their $10 Billion Oil Fortune” - Perenco (Parts 1-3)

>>16716492, >>16716499, >>16716505, >>16716511 US operators ensnared in tussle over host-country debt” – Perenco, CMS Nomeco Congo Inc., and Nuevo Congo Co. (Parts 1-4)

>>16717044 Equatorial Guinea Bun

>>16717045, >>16717054, >>16717068, >>16717073, >>16717075 Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn (Parts 1-5)

>>16717048 Sir Bradley Fried & Nathan "Natie" Kirsh Bun

>>16717050 Glencore & Xstrata Bun

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9ff6e4  No.16717102

>>16717045

>>16717054

>>16717068

>>16717073

>>16717075

>>16717087

“Cash/Guns/Ammo/Comms: SA on the verge of another insurrection, security experts warn” Part 7

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-07-07-cash-guns-ammo-comms-sa-on-the-verge-of-another-insurrection-security-experts-warn/

7 July 2022

The State Security Agency’s Mava Scott said:

“Most of these questions relate to police and I suggest you make contact with them. There are also operational issues that you are raising which the law prohibits us from discussing with third parties.”

The National Prosecuting Authority referred us to the Hawks for comment.

Asked about Zuma’s potential role in the insurrection, the Jacob Zuma Foundation spokesperson Jimmy Manyi went straight for the jugular:

“Even before I trouble H.E Zuma, the Foundation responds as follows:

“1. H. E President Zuma does not engage in wild speculation based on insecurities of others. If anyone is known to be breaking the law, the one who is aware has a duty to report. Let’s not repeat Phala phala Farm where criminality is left unreported.

“2. The Independent Panel of Experts said the Convenor of National Security Council, President Ramaphosa FAILED to convene meetings and thus the intelligence information could not be processed and acted upon. Right now you should be directing your questions to Ramaphosa and ask him if he has been convening any of these meetings since July 2021. If Ramaphosa has been doing his job, there should be no anxiety.

“3. Typically, the Deputy President of the ANC is the traditional chair of the Deployment Committee. During the reign of H.E President Zuma, Cyril Ramaphosa was the chair of the Deployment Committee. Any questions related to shenanigans of Ramaphosa’s deployees must be directed to him.

“In addition, it’s curious that Daily Maverick has not followed up on the perjury by Ramaphosa in the Zondo Commission where he said the Deployment Committee does not involve itself with the appointment of judges. This was later exposed to be a lie through the minutes of the Deployment Committee that the DA managed to source.”

We raised the issues pointed out by Manyi with Presidency spokesperson Vincent Magwenya, along with a number of other questions. The Presidency recommended we attend a press conference scheduled to take place after the publication of this article.

The ANC did not respond to repeated requests for comment.

Numerous attempts to contact Massmart for comment were unsuccessful. DM

Heidi Swart is a journalist who reports on surveillance and data privacy. This report was commissioned by the Media Policy and Democracy Project, an initiative of the University of Johannesburg’s Department of Journalism, Film and TV and Unisa’s Department of Communication Science.

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9ff6e4  No.16717169

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16717045

>Sources explained that it was one of five events that took place around the time of the 2021 unrest that were probably aimed at laying the groundwork for a future insurrection.

To think, this is what South Africa has become [watch video]. The people are already desperate. Do you want to be caught up in the middle when further desperation sets in?

“Hillbrow between heaven and hell VIDEO”

https://youtu.be/hHk7h71hGxw [Posted Feb 28, 2012]

https://southafricatoday.net/media/south-africa-photo/crime/hillbrow-between-heaven-and-hell-video/

2 July 2016

Murders, rape, theft, drugs and human trafficking, are the average daily occurrences in the dodgy city of Hillbrow. The city was home to mainly white residents before the 1994 democratic elections, and due to the poor infrastructure could not cope with the influx of migrants from African neighboring countries and rural people who were seeking to live under the new democracy. A mass exodus of whites left the city in a slum condition. Overpopulated, unemployment, crime and poverty are the current crisis, and a rapid increase of health concerns are the major problems.

Hillbrow was known as a trendy, cosmopolitan city and a safe place to live, with striking tall buildings and clean streets. Today, the degradation continues to rise out of control. It is a city where people dare not walk around, as hijackings, rape and murders happen all the time. The criminals, and in particular the drug lords, maintain a thriving business within the boundaries of Hillbrow.

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4c4033  No.16717181

>>16717102

Seems the dailymaverick writer likes to write double-spaced encyclopedias

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a24987  No.16722741

File: 2117edab5b8d30d⋯.jpg (93.43 KB, 773x752, 773:752, Man_stabbed_and_dragged_in….JPG)

File: 1e6b5b167da616b⋯.mp4 (8.41 MB, 1280x720, 16:9, Man_stabbed_and_dragged_in….mp4)

“A man stabbed and dragged infront of the SABC cameras in Soweto”

https://twitter.com/HerbertMemela/status/1546547458947399688?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1546547458947399688%7Ctwgr%5E%7Ctwcon%5Es1_&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.thesouthafrican.com%2Fnews%2Fbreaking-watch-stabbing-caught-on-camera-soweto-sabc-crew-video%2F

Notice the children witnessing this and they are not phased and seem to be desensatized. They can become the leaders of tomorrow

“A man stabbed and dragged infront of the SABC cameras in Soweto. Crime is rife at Nomzamo settlement. This happened few meters away from Mdlalose's Tavern. The Police Minister Bheki Cele has promises to deploy more police in the area.”

https://twitter.com/i/status/1546547458947399688

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a24987  No.16722798

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16722741

“SABC News crew witness brutal stabbing in Nomzamo informal settlement: Ofentse Setimo”

https://youtu.be/PEDGqioZgdk

“Investigators found more than 100 spent AK-47 cartridges at the tavern in Orlando, Soweto, where 15 people were shot dead early on Sunday morning. Police Minister, Bheki Cele, has visited the Nomzamo informal settlement, where gunmen opened fire on tavern patrons. SABC reporter Ofentse Setimo joins us now from Orlando in Soweto.”

“WATCH: Horrific stabbing witnessed by SABC camera crew in Soweto”

https://www.thesouthafrican.com/news/breaking-watch-stabbing-caught-on-camera-soweto-sabc-crew-video/

12-07-2022

There aren’t any words that can aptly describe the sheer horror witnessed by SABC journalists and the camera operators on Monday afternoon. While reporting on the Soweto tavern shooting, two members of the news network inadvertently captured part of a brutal stabbing incident.

SOWETO STABBING WITNESSED BY SABC CREW

Violence in this part of Soweto is nothing new, but the way this stabbing was committed so brazenly has even left hardened locals stunned. [they do not look stunned to me in the video of the previous post]

NOMZAMO SETTLEMENT ‘BLIGHTED BY VIOLENCE’

Setimo was accompanied by cameraman Herbert Memela. The pair were stunned when, just as they prepared to interview a witness at the Soweto tavern shooting, a man drove a knife into his victim’s body – with blood allegedly spurting onto the crew’s tripods.

The man collapsed to the floor, before others continued to beat and kick him. The hapless victim was then dragged out of the road, and his fate remains unclear. According to the senior journo, other camera crews witnessed this shocking act.

“We were setting up to interview a witness, when two men asked if she wanted to go through with it – almost joking with her. Out of nowhere, someone came and stabbed one of those men with a knife. At first, we thought he was greeting him. Then we saw blood on his palm.”

“That blood even splattered onto one of our tripods. We then moved away from the scene, and the community attempted to separate the two males. It is indicative of the crime in Nomzamo right now. We weren’t the only camera crew who captured this, either.”

Ofentse Setimo

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9ff6e4  No.16724611

>>16717050

>>16569271 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part One

>>16569275 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part Two

>>16435509 – Glencore; Gary Nagle was on the Board of Lonmin

>>16473729 – Lonrho/Lonmin Bun

“Trident Royalties appoints ex Glencore Senior Exec” – Paul Smith [Xstrata, Lonmin, Katanga Mining Limited, etc.] Part 1

https://www.fmp-tv.co.uk/2021/06/18/trident-royalties-appoints-ex-glencoe-senior-exec/

18th June 2021

Appointment of Ex-Glencore Senior Executive as Chair & Board Changes

Trident Royalties Plc (AIM: TRR, FSX: 5KV), is pleased to announce the appointment of Paul Smith as Non-Executive Chair with effect from 21 June. James Kelly will step down as Chair from that date but will remain on the Board as a Non-Executive Director. Additionally, Mark Potter will step down from his position as a Non-Executive Director with immediate effect, to pursue other business interests. As set out in more detail below, Mr Smith has indicated a willingness to make an equity investment in the Company and it is intended that Mr Smith will today subscribe for new shares in Trident with a value of £1 million at a price of 40p per share (the “Subscription Price”) and up to a further £1 million at the Subscription Price within the next 12 months.

Paul Smith worked for Glencore Plc from 2011 until 2020. As Head of Strategy, his principal areas of focus were capital markets, mergers and acquisitions, and capital allocation. During this period Glencore successfully completed numerous large scale corporate and capital markets transactions, most notably the $90bn merger with Xstrata Plc.

While at Glencore, Paul was also the CFO of Katanga Mining Limited, Glencore`s TSX listed subsidiary from 2019 until its de-listing in 2020. In addition, he represented Glencore as a non-executive director of Lonmin Plc and Glencore Agriculture Limited.

Prior to Glencore, Paul was an analyst and fund manager at Marshall Wace Asset Management, where he focused on cyclical sectors, including mining. Paul qualified as a Chartered Accountant before working in investment banking at Close Brothers and Credit Suisse. He has an MA in Modern History from Oxford University.

Paul Smith, commented:

“I am delighted to have been asked to become the new Chairman of Trident Royalties at what is an exciting time in the Company’s development. Under James’s leadership, Trident has quickly established itself as a credible provider of metals royalties and streams, with 12 royalties already in place and others under consideration. Trident is well positioned to grow through a combination of primary issuance of royalties and streams and by consolidating the extensive pool of existing ones.

“De-carbonising the global economy will require material increases in the production of enabling metals, such as copper. The cost of building the associated incremental mine capacity will be in the hundreds of billions of dollars. This will lead to an increasing demand for alternative sources of development capital, including royalties and streams.

“Trident’s goal is to build a large-scale royalty and streaming company which is also diversified by the commodity, geography and maturity of the underlying projects. I look forward to helping Adam and his team to maximise the value of this opportunity for our shareholders.”

James Kelly, commented:

“I am exceptionally proud that in a little over 12 months, we have rapidly executed on our strategy and built Trident into a diversified mining royalty company with a portfolio of attractive assets, operating cash flow and a board and management team of the highest calibre. We have enjoyed strong growth in both the share price and market capitalisation; testament to the strategy and the hard work of all involved.

“We now have a solid platform for further growth, and I am delighted that Paul will be joining us as our new chairman. I believe that Paul, with his experience and network, is well qualified to lead Trident for this next phase as we look to rapidly scale the business.

“I would also like to take the opportunity to thank Mark for his contribution to Trident; his royalty and investing experience has been invaluable to both the board and the Company as a whole and we wish him well in his future endeavours.”

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9ff6e4  No.16724629

File: 0d7ae32241dcaea⋯.jpg (90.66 KB, 1322x662, 661:331, Paul_Smith.JPG)

>>16724611

“Trident Royalties appoints ex Glencore Senior Exec” – Paul Smith invests through Collingwood Capital Partners AG Part 2

https://www.fmp-tv.co.uk/2021/06/18/trident-royalties-appoints-ex-glencoe-senior-exec/

18th June 2021

Proposed investment of up to £2 million

Paul Smith, through Collingwood Capital Partners AG, a Company of which Paul Smith is the sole shareholder, intends to invest up to £2 million in the Company. It is proposed that this will comprise an initial subscription for 2,500,000 new ordinary shares of £0.01 each in the capital of the Company (“Ordinary Shares”) at a price of 40p per share for aggregate proceeds of £1,000,000. This subscription is expected to take place prior to his appointment to the Trident board. The Subscription Price represents a premium of 4% to the volume weighted average price for the Ordinary Shares in the 5 trading days prior to the date of this announcement.

In addition, Collingwood Capital Partners AG will have the right, exercisable at any time up to 17 June 2022 to subscribe for an additional 2,500,000 Ordinary Shares at the Subscription Price, such period being extended where any exercise would be prohibited by law on the business day prior to the expiry of the right.

The investment agreement is expected to be signed with Collingwood Capital Partners AG later today and a further announcement will be made in due course.

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9ff6e4  No.16724649

File: b4277acf1205834⋯.jpg (118.04 KB, 1076x749, 1076:749, James_Kelly.JPG)

>>16724611

>James Kelly will step down as Chair from that date but will remain on the Board as a Non-Executive Director.

Emmerson Plc Non-Executive Chairman – James Kelly [Xstrata, Glencore, founder of Trident Royalties]

https://www.emmersonplc.com/about-us/board-management/

James Kelly has nearly 20 years’ experience in the mining and natural resource industry, with extensive experience in corporate finance, strategy and capital allocation. James is non-executive chairman and founder of Trident Royalties plc, a growth focused, diversified mining royalty and streaming company. Prior to founding Trident, James was a senior member of the Xstrata Plc group business development team and following the merger with Glencore Plc, was part of the team which founded Greenstone Resources LP, a mining private equity fund focused on post-exploration development assets. James served as an Executive Director of ASX listed Cradle Resources Limited from May 2016 to July 2017 having been appointed a Non-Executive Director in February 2016. James is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and Wales and holds a BA (Hons) from University College London.

“Emmerson welcomes James Kelly to its Board as Non-Executive Director”

https://talent4boards.com/emmerson-welcomes-james-kelly-to-its-board-as-non-executive-director/

March 23, 2021

– ISLE OF MAN, Douglas – Emmerson plc (LON: EML), the Moroccan-focused potash development company, today announced the appointment of James Kelly to its board of directors, effective from 22 March 2021.

Mr. Kelly has nearly 20 years of experience in the mining sector, particularly in the areas of corporate finance and financing strategy.

“I would like to welcome James to the Emmerson team and very much look forward to working with him. We are particularly pleased to welcome James to the Board at this time with Emmerson reaching an important stage, as it prepares for the project financing. James has just the experience in mining finance which will be very relevant to the options that the board will be asked to assess in the coming months as we work to put the funding in place to enable us to continue driving the project forwards.” said CEO, Graham Clarke.

About James Kelly

Before its merger with Glencore Plc, James was a senior member of the business development team of Xstrata Plc. He went on to help found the mining private equity company, Greenstone Resources LP, which takes strategic equity positions in post exploration and development stage assets in both OECD and Emerging Market geographies. James is also the founder and non-executive chairman of Trident Royalties Plc, a rapidly growing, diversified mining royalty and streaming company.

James Kelly said: “I am delighted to be joining the board of Emmerson. The quality of the Khemisset potash project is apparent for all to see and I believe that it is well placed to contribute new supply into a secular growth of demand for fertilizer, especially in Africa. We know that high quality and dependable source of potash is a critical pillar in food security which in turn has an outsized positive effect on the developing world. I look forward to working with Graham and his team and playing my part in bringing the project into production.”

About Emmerson

Emmerson’s primary focus is on developing the Khemisset project located in Northern Morocco. The Project has a large JORC Resource Estimate (2012) of 537Mt @ 9.24% K2O and significant exploration potential with an accelerated development pathway targeting a low CAPEX, high margin mine. Khemisset is perfectly located to capitalize on the expected growth of African fertilizer consumption whilst also being located on the doorstep of European markets. This unique positioning means the Project will receive a premium netback price compared to existing potash producers. The need to feed the world’s rapidly increasing population is driving demand for potash and Emmerson is well placed to benefit from the opportunities this presents. The Feasibility Study released in June 2020 indicated Khemisset has the potential to be among the lowest capital cost development stage potash projects in the world and also, as a result of its location, one of the highest margin projects. This delivered outstanding economics including a post-tax NPV10 of approximately US$1.4 billion using industry expert, Argus’, price forecasts.

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9ff6e4  No.16724762

File: 3a210c6a7c8805e⋯.jpg (113.15 KB, 1251x728, 1251:728, Helen_Pein.JPG)

File: 292fddb26d777e6⋯.jpg (123.78 KB, 1258x770, 629:385, Peter_Bacchus.JPG)

>>16724611

>>16569269 – Gencor and Gill Marcus Bun; 1998 Gencor merged with Gold Fields to form Gold Fields Ltd.

“Trident Royalties Team - Helen Pein [“recipient of the Gencor Geology Award”] and Peter Bacchus [sits on Gold Fields Limited board], there are others==

Helen Pein

Mrs Pein has had a successful career spanning more than 30 years as an economic geologist in the natural resource sector. Helen is currently a director of Pan Iberia Ltd. (UK) and founder member of Panex Resources Pty. Ltd. (Mauritius and SA) a private company focusing on finding and developing global mining projects.

Helen was formerly a director and shareholder of Pangea Exploration (Pty) Ltd for 20 years. She was part of the executive team which was directly responsible for the discovery and evaluation of a number of world class gold and mineral sands deposits throughout Africa. (Burnstone, Tuluwaka, Buzwagi, Corridor Sands and Kwale). From 2012, Pangea was affiliated to Private Equity Company, Denham Capital International, providing asset analysis and technical evaluation of mining investments in Africa.

Helen is a recipient of the Gencor Geology Award and Fellow of the Geological Society of South Africa and member of the International Society for Economic Geologists. She holds a B.Sc. Geoscience and a B.Sc. Geology (Hons) (Cum Laude), from the University of Stellenbosch SA.

Helen sits on both the Nomination and Remuneration Committees.

Peter Bacchus

Peter Bacchus is currently Chairman and Chief Executive of Bacchus Capital, an independent investment banking boutique with particular expertise in the natural resources sector. Peter has over 25 years of experience as a leading global M&A adviser, with particularly deep experience within natural resources having advised some of the largest companies in the sector. Throughout Peter’s career he has been at the forefront of several large and transformative M&A transactions, financed substantial deals, and advised on development projects worldwide.

Peter previously acted as the Global Head of Mining and Metals at Morgan Stanley and European Head of Investment Banking at Jefferies. Before relocating to London in 2006, he was based in Australia and Indonesia, where he was Asia-Pacific Head of Industrials and Natural Resources investment banking at Citigroup. Peter currently sits on the boards of New York and Johannesburg Stock Exchange listed Gold Fields Limited, London Stock Exchange listed Kenmare Resources Plc and Australian Stock Exchange listed Galaxy Resources Limited. He is also Chairman of Africa-focused conservation charity, Space for Giants.

Peter holds an MA from St John’s College, Cambridge and is a Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales.

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1b4b4c  No.16729067

File: 65c2f21d15e5cde⋯.jpg (12.41 MB, 7136x4392, 892:549, SouthAfricaSatanists5.jpg)

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9ff6e4  No.16730068

>>16724762

Here is the link, https://tridentroyalties.com/about/board-and-management

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9ff6e4  No.16730086

>>16724762

>Burnstone

“Successful Southgold business rescue precedent-setting – lawyer” – Burnstone; Cut over $200 million in debt to save about 2 000 jobs?

https://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/successful-southgold-business-rescue-precedent-setting-lawyer-2014-07-03

3 July 2014

JOHANNESBURG (miningweekly.com) – The successfully concluded business rescue of Southgold Exploration this week has set a precedent in the South African debt restructuring landscape, demonstrating that ailing businesses had a vehicle through which they could potentially avoid liquidation.

“This is probably the biggest and most complex business restructure the country has seen. The implications are that the mining industry can now see business rescue as a possible alternative through which businesses can be saved. It's a true success story,” Webber Wentzel litigation practice partner Lara Kahn told Mining Weekly Online on Thursday.

Southgold’s turnaround story began in 2012, when it filed for bankruptcy protection under South African business rescue procedures after suspending all mining operations at its Burnstone mine, in the country’s Witwatersrand basin, citing its inability to afford the mine’s required working capital to reach cash-flow breakeven by May 2013.

Mining Weekly Online reported at the time that the insolvency filings were intended to allow Southgold time to seek buyers and partners for its two gold mining projects, or corporate-level financiers, in an effort to return to solvency.

The bankruptcy protection proceeding constituted a default under the company's TSX-listed unsecured convertible debentures, which had a principal amount of $126-million.

Business Day Live (BDLive) reported in July last year that Southgold’s total debt ran to $400-million, comprising $235-million owed to lenders, $127-million to bondholders and $37-million to creditors.

This prompted Southgold to bring in business rescue practitioner Peter van den Steen, who tabled a revival business plan for the mine, which entailed the restructure of the company’s debt and the sale of Burnstone to Witwatersrand Consolidated Gold Resources – now Sibanye Gold.

The Southgold business rescue plan would see Southgold’s debt cut to $177.35-million, with Sibanye paying only $7.25-million, BDLive reported.

Sibanye had also agreed to invest R950-million into Southgold over three years as working capital to resuscitate and expand the mine.

Khan added that the deal would see some 2 000 people, who were initially retrenched in 2012 when Burnstone went into care and maintenance, re-employed at the mine.

“One thing that differentiates this rescue from others is that it was very well planned, it had funding, and it had the support of its lenders from the outset. People often say that the legislation is inadequate, because there are lots of examples of these kinds of things failing, but often it has to do with timing and planning,”Khan commented.

Had Southgold’s business rescue plan failed, the company would likely have gone into liquidation, rendering the mine’s total staff complement permanently jobless.

“I hope that the Southgold restructure is a shot in the arm for the debt restructuring industry as a whole and not just for the mining industry, because it has resulted in jobs being saved. It's a good example of creditors and employees being patient,” Kahn asserted.

Kahn, in collaboration with Webber Wentzel colleagues Etienne Swanepoel, Mareli Vermeulen and Crystal McIntosh, advised Van den Steen on all aspects of the rescue.

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9ff6e4  No.16730101

>>16730086

“Business rescue of Southgold gives mine a new lease on life” – “Bowman Gilfillan acted for the secured lenders”

https://www.polity.org.za/article/business-rescue-of-southgold-gives-mine-a-new-lease-on-life-2014-08-07

7th August 2014

One of the biggest and most complex business rescues brought under the new Companies Act of 2008 has come to a successful conclusion, in the process saving jobs and highlighting the important role that banks play in business rescue proceedings.

Southgold Exploration, which filed a resolution in 2012 placing itself in business rescue, had its business rescue plan approved by creditors on 11 July 2013, which ultimately resulted in the company terminating its business rescue on 1 July 2014 so that it could continue to operate.

Claire van Zuylen, Partner at pan-African corporate law firm, Bowman Gilfillan, which acted for Standard Chartered Bank in London and Credit Suisse (AG), commented, “The restructuring will result in some 2 000 employees, who were initially retrenched in 2012 when the Burnstone mine went into care and maintenance, being re-employed at the mine when operations re-commence.

“Without the input of the secured lenders, Credit Suisse and Standard Chartered Bank, in terms of advancing post-commencement financing and permitting the unsecured creditors a dividend that they would not otherwise have obtained, Southgold would have been forced to commence liquidation proceedings.”

South African company Southgold Exploration is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Toronto-based Great Basin Gold (GBG) Limited, which is an international mining company engaged in the exploration and development of gold properties. Southgold’s principal asset is the Burnstone mine in Mpumalanga.

During August 2012, GBG suspended active production at Burnstone in the hope of selling the mine in order to settle creditors. Seeking protection from creditors in the interim period, Southgold filed a resolution in 2012 placing itself in business rescue, and commenced proceedings under Canada’s Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act, which is the equivalent of South Africa’s business rescue proceedings.

Standard Chartered Bank and Credit Suisse worked closely with the business rescue practitioner appointed to supervise Southgold, and advanced significant post-commencement financing to enable the successful business rescue, which included restructuring Southgold’s debt and equity.

According to Ms van Zuylen, “The restructuring had cross-border implications in that it involved the restructuring of debt owed to Canadian, Swiss and English creditors in addition to South African creditors.”

The restructuring involved banking and finance law, insolvency and restructuring law, corporate law, litigation and mining law issues. Documents were governed by English law and South African law (prepared by Bowman Gilfillan), and Cayman and Swiss law (drafted by local counsel).

The Bowman Gilfillan team comprised: Lionel Shawe and Lisa Botha (Banking and Finance), Claire van Zuylen and Sizwe Msimang (Insolvency and Restructuring law), Alistair Collins, Marc Pinchuck, Candace Hennessey, Johan de Wet, Ingrid Sinclair, Claire Tucker (Mining and Regulatory), and John Sahli and Clement Mkiva (Litigation).

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9ff6e4  No.16730188

>>16569271 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part One

>>16569275 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part Two

>>16650472 Lonrho Bun | Oppenheimer Bun

“Lonmin shares collapse as Glencore completes stake divestment” – "Glencore came to own its stake in Lonmin through its $68bn acquisition of Xstrata in 2013”, Xstrata owned it since 2008, Marikana massacre occurred in 2012

https://www.mining.com/lonmin-shares-collapse-as-glencore-completes-stake-divestment/

June 11, 2015

Shares in Lonmin (LON:LMI), the world’s third-largest platinum producer, dropped as much as 7.3% on Thursday as mining giant and commodity trader Glencore (LON:GLEN) completed the distribution of its 23.9% stake in the South African miner to shareholders.

The troubled platinum producer saw its stock hitting a low of 128.7 p in early trading, the biggest loss in three months, and was trading at $136.0, or 1,16% lower than the previous session at 2:15 pm London time.

Glencore came to own its stake in Lonmin through its $68bn acquisition of Xstrata in 2013, and chief executive Ivan Glasenberg had on several occasions described the venture as a “non-core” one.

In fact, the company is believed to have been opposed to Xstrata’s decision to buy the stake in two market transactions back in 2008.

Plans to spin off the stake came to light a year ago, when Glencore announced it would slash spending on its mines in 2015 to between $6.5bn and $6.8bn — down from a previously expected $7.9bn.

As a result of the move, the Swiss-based firm’s shareholders have received Lonmin stock in proportion to their stakes in Glencore, an option that Glasenberg considered better than a straight market disposal.

Three years of falling platinum prices and a five-months strike last year have left Lonmin near an all-time low and valued at just $1.2 billion. That’s down from a peak of more than $12 billion in 2007 for the miner of the metal used in cars and jewellery.

According to market analysts, such as Investec [>>16567352, >>16567460, >>16567583, >>16567690, >>16567701 Investec, Hendrik du Toit, Naspers, and Koos Bekker (videos)], the distribution of Glencore’s shares completed today may create a group of sellers that want to dispose of their holding. It also could create an opportunity for a buyer, it added.

Take note:

https://www.thesouthafrican.com/news/marikana-what-did-cyril-ramaphosa-do/

In August 2012, workers at the Marikana mine in Rustenburg staged a protest regarding their rights for a pay rise. After a week of demonstrations, the situation spiralled out of control, as police opened fire on the protesting miners, killing 34 of them.

_At the time, Cyril was a non-executive director of Lonmin. His company Shanduka was a minority shareholder in Lonmin, so this meant their profits were very much part of his business too.

A series of emails shared between Ramaphosa and Lonmin’s board just a day before the massacre shows how eager he was to end the conflict. However, the language he chose seemed to indicate he favoured a heavy-handed approach.

Ramaphosa demanded that “concomitant action” must be taken against the miners (the action ‘naturally associated’ with a situation like this). He also referred to them as “plainly dastardly criminals”.

He sent his emails on 15 August 2012, just a day before the 34 were gunned down. His choice of language – and subsequent suggestion that then-minister of police Nathi Mthethwa would be getting involved – has always been a sticking point for his critics.

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9ff6e4  No.16730329

>>16730086

>the restructure of the company’s debt and the sale of Burnstone to Witwatersrand Consolidated Gold Resources – now Sibanye Gold.

>>16569269 – Gencor and Gill Marcus Bun; 1998 Gencor merged with Gold Fields to form Gold Fields Ltd.

Sibanye Stillwater History – Formerly Sibanye Gold Limited. (Mentions Gold Fields, Anglo American, etc.) Part 1

https://www.sibanyestillwater.com/about-us/history/

Since its initial establishment in 2013, Sibanye-Stillwater has grown and diversified significantly – both geographically and by metal produced. The Group has advanced from its fledgling years as a single commodity, South African gold mining company to become an internationally competitive, diversified precious metals producer of gold and the suite of platinum group metals (PGMs). Most recently, the Group has entered the battery metals industry by investing in a lithium hydroxide project in Finland.

2013-2014

Established as Sibanye Gold Limited in February 2013, the company was created through the unbundling of Gold Fields Limited’s 100% owned subsidiary GFI Mining South Africa Proprietary Limited which owned the Kloof, Driefontein and Beatrix gold mines. Upon completion of that transaction, our common shares and American depository receipts were listed on the JSE and the New York Stock Exchange, respectively.

A strategy of organic and acquisitive growth was subsequently adopted, which resulted in the acquisition of the Cooke operations from Gold One International in 2013 and Wits Gold, which owned the Burnstone project, in 2014. These two acquisitions helped create a more sustainable gold business. It was at this time that our unique cost optimisation and operating model was implemented across the business.

2016

In 2016, we achieved a major milestone with our entry into the PGM space. It was in that year that we completed the acquisition of Aquarius Platinum Limited, which included its interests in the Kroondal mine (50%) and the Platinum Mile retreatment facility, both in the Rustenburg area, South Africa, as well as the Mimosa joint venture with Impala Platinum in Zimbabwe. This move into the PGM space was cemented later that same year with the acquisition of Anglo American Platinum Limited’s Rustenburg operations.

2017

The following year, in May 2017, we completed the transaction to purchase the Stillwater Mining Company, based in Montana in the United States, for US$2.2 billion. This transaction was a significant achievement for the company for not only did it constitute the largest PGM transaction globally in over a decade, it facilitated the geographic diversification of our operational portfolio to the Americas. Subsequently, the company was rebranded and formally began trading as Sibanye-Stillwater in August of that year.

2018

Three more significant transactions were concluded over the next two years beginning with the purchase of a 38.05% stake in DRDGOLD Limited, a world leader in the retreatment of gold tailings, in July 2018. With this deal, Sibanye-Stillwater successfully established an industry-leading surface mining tailings retreatment partnership. Our shareholding in DRDGOLD would subsequently be increased to 50.1% in January 2020. Also in 2018, a US$500 million stream financing deal was concluded with Wheaton International, significantly strengthening our balance sheet and reducing net leverage.

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9ff6e4  No.16730332

>>16730329

Sibanye Stillwater History – Formerly Sibanye Gold Limited. (Mentions Gold Fields, Anglo American, etc.) Part 2

https://www.sibanyestillwater.com/about-us/history/

2019

In early 2019, we acquired of SFA Oxford, a leading metal market analytical consulting company and globally recognised authority on PGMs, to provide in-depth market intelligence on battery materials and precious metals for industrial, automotive and smart city technologies.

Later that same year, in June 2019, we acquired the entire share capital of Lonmin Plc. Lonmin’s assets included the Marikana PGM mining operations and associated retreatment, smelter, base metal refinery and precious metal refinery assets in South Africa. The completion of the Lonmin transaction constituted the fourth step in the implementation of our strategy to become an integrated, mine-to-market producer of PGMs in South Africa.

2020

In February 2020, an internal restructuring process was concluded which changed the group holding company from Sibanye Gold Limited to Sibanye Stillwater Limited (Sibanye-Stillwater). Following that restructuring, Sibanye-Stillwater began trading under the tickers JSE: SSW and NYSE: SBSW.

2021

In March 2021, we acquired a 30% stake in Keliber Oy, which owns the Keliber lithium project in Finland that is currently in development, with an option to increase our holding to more than 50% once certain conditions and deliverables are met. This transaction marked a new milestone in the Group’s history signalling our much-anticipated initial expansion into the battery metal space and further geographic diversification in an attractive mining destination. This strategy was further advanced with the acquisition in December 2021 of a 19.99% stake in New Century Resources Limited and its zinc tailings reprocessing facility in Australia.

2022

More recently in February 2022, we completed the transaction to acquire a 100% stake in Sandouville, a nickel hydrometallurgical processing facility in France. This followed the acquisition in January 2022 of the remaining 50% in Kroondal, bringing our stake in that operation to 100% and enabling us to implement plans to double its operating life.

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9ff6e4  No.16730358

>>16730332

>Later that same year, in June 2019, we acquired the entire share capital of Lonmin Plc. Lonmin’s assets included the Marikana PGM mining operations and associated retreatment, smelter, base metal refinery and precious metal refinery assets in South Africa.

“Sibanye-Stillwater defeats mining communities challenging R5.4bn Lonmin merger” Part 1

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2019-09-09-sibanye-stillwater-defeats-mining-communities-challenging-r5-4bn-lonmin-merger/

9 September 2019

Sibanye-Stillwater might have won in court, but the six mining communities on the platinum belt of Rustenburg are not backing down. The communities will write to Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng, asking him to clarify the Constitutional Court’s order that dismissed its application to have the Sibanye-Stillwater and Lonmin merger declared unlawful.

Sibanye-Stillwater might have won in court, but the six mining communities on the platinum belt of Rustenburg are not backing down. The communities will write to Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng, asking him to clarify the Constitutional Court’s order that dismissed its application to have the Sibanye-Stillwater and Lonmin merger declared unlawful.

The Greater Lonmin Community, which represents six mining communities on the platinum belt of Rustenburg, launched a legal challenge on 18 July 2019 against the Sibanye-Stillwater and Lonmin merger because they were allegedly excluded from merger talks. Accordingly, the six mining communities – Marikana, Mooinooi, Majakeng, Tornado, Nkaneng, and Bapo Ba Mogale – wanted the merger to be reversed and declared unlawful by the court.

In a brief order dated 28 August, the Constitutional Court said it considered the Greater Lonmin Community’s appeal application but decided that it “bears no reasonable prospects of success”. The Greater Lonmin Community was also refused direct access to the court as it has “not made out any case for direct access”. The court gave no further reasons for its decisions.

In the same order, the court granted the Greater Lonmin Community’s request for condonation regarding its more than three-month delay in launching its appeal application.

The Greater Lonmin Community brought its application months after the Competition Appeal Court ruled on 17 May against the Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union in its appeal against a tribunal decision that conditionally approved the merger. This cleared all hurdles for Sibanye and Lonmin to put the merger through a shareholders’ vote on 10 June.

In other words, the Constitutional Court forgave the Greater Lonmin Community for its tardiness but rejected its bid to have the Sibanye-Stillwater and Lonmin merger declared unlawful and have both companies restart merger talks that involve Rustenburg mining communities.

Louwi Mogaki, the legal representation of the Greater Lonmin Community, said the court’s order is “problematic” and questioned how it can grant condonation but reject the entire merits of its case. Mogaki told Business Maverick that the community will write to Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng, asking him to further clarify the court’s decision.

He is hoping Mogoeng will ask the community to “properly articulate” its case for direct access, which might pave the way for the community to bring a fresh application to the court. But the court has already refused it direct access.

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9ff6e4  No.16730360

>>16730358

“Sibanye-Stillwater defeats mining communities challenging R5.4bn Lonmin merger” Part 2

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2019-09-09-sibanye-stillwater-defeats-mining-communities-challenging-r5-4bn-lonmin-merger/

9 September 2019

Sibanye-Stillwater said the court’s decision brings “an end to all proceedings” regarding the merger, which has faced fierce opposition from labour and mining community circles since it was announced on 14 December 2017.

Sibanye CEO Neal Froneman described the Greater Lonmin Community’s court application as “frivolous”.

“It is unfortunate that certain stakeholders seem unable to recognise the plight that faced the Lonmin operations and, instead of engaging with us, continue to pursue spurious and expensive legal alternatives,” he said.

Lonmin was on the brink of collapse before Sibanye-Stillwater rescued it.

Froneman added that Sibanye-Stillwater is committed to complying with Lonmin’s social and labour plan, a five-year plan that is governed by the Department of Mineral Resources and outlines the social and developmental obligations that mining companies must deliver to communities. Lonmin is now a subsidiary of Sibanye and the latter has taken over the former’s obligations to mining communities.

The Greater Lonmin Community believes that the Competition Appeal Court allegedly approved the Sibanye-Lonmin merger despite the Competition Commission’s “lack of competence” to “conduct a proper investigation of Lonmin’s failure to comply with its social and labour plan”. Mogaki said Lonmin has failed to comply with its obligations of building 5,500 houses for its workers over five years (between 2008 and 2013) as it has only built three houses to date. Read more here.

However, Sibanye-Stillwater said Lonmin had complied with its social and labour plans since the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act came into effect in 2008. Since then, two of Lonmin’s social and labour plans had been renewed and approved by the government after the company consulted with affected mining communities. Read more here. BM

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db194b  No.16731474

>>16730086

>the restructure of the company’s debt and the sale of Burnstone to Witwatersrand Consolidated Gold Resources – now Sibanye Gold.

>>16730329

>>16730332

>>16730358

>>16730360

“Wits Gold [Witwatersrand Consolidated Gold Resources] delivered on a plate to Sibanye”

https://www.miningmx.com/news/gold/20129-wits-gold-delivered-on-a-plate-to-sibanye/

January 7, 2014

THE R407m takeover of Witwatersrand Consolidated Gold Resources (Wits Gold) last year sees the departure – at least for now – of Johannesburg’s great gold bull, Adam Fleming, from active participation in South Africa’s gold exploration industry.

Fleming, the former chairman of Harmony Gold, in 2006 correctly anticipated a recovery in the gold price, saying memorably that the world’s gold market was “in the foothills’ of a major bull run.

He also forecast, wrongly, that the world’s gold mining companies would return to the riches of the historic Witwatersrand gold basin. It’s hard to see that happening, especially as Wits Gold itself has demonstrated how difficult building new gold mines in the region can be.

The company is wrapping up its business having witnessed a harrowing loss of value in the last two years.

Whereas Wits Gold once traded at R94.50, giving it a market value of over R3bn, the counter is now worth R369m. This follows Sibanye Gold’s R406m bid for the company last week which effectively brings the curtain down on Wits Gold after seven years of existence.

And whereas Fleming once boasted wealth in Wits Gold of about R750m, equal to a 26% stake in the company, that has now diminished to just over R100m. It’s a sign of the times that investors have lost faith with South Africa’s gold exploration story.

The whisper in the market is that Wits Gold’s attempts to raise capital to repay a R40m loan, provided by a Fleming company, were proving troublesome. Equally difficult to digest for Wits Gold was its growth target Burnstone which had been developed for a breathtaking $800m or R8bn by the now bankrupt Great Basin Gold.

Wits Gold had successfully bid for Burnstone from Great Basin’s liquidators offering R100 and offering to take over $177.3m in bank debt owed by Southgold, Great Basin’s subsidiary. Wits Gold had committed to provide a R950m loan for working capital and capital expenditure at Burnstone._

Wits Gold’s other projects, such as De Bron-Merriespruit (DBM), were also looking difficult to fund. DBM had a peak funding requirement of about R2.37bn. As of December 31, 2012, Wits Gold had cash and cash equivalents of R15m. Fleming then tried to support Wits Gold’s share by buying up 66,000 shares.

The bid from Sibanye Gold, a 47% premium to Wits Gold 30-day weighted average price probably presented Fleming with an easy choice, and other shareholders too who had been effectively locked into the company given its lack of liquidity. At the time of the announcement, some 56% of Wits Gold shareholders had accepted the Sibanye Gold offer.

For Sibanye Gold’s Neal Froneman, who once worked at Harmony Gold, this was a waiting game executed with opportunism. Macquarie Research correctly speculated in December 2012 following the formation of Sibanye Gold that Wits Gold would be a good fit for the company.

By waiting a year, Sibanye was able to buy Wits Gold by about R290m less. Speaking to Miningmx in December last year, Fleming said it was “a good deal’ for Wits Gold shareholders, and that he would take the proceeds from the buyout and reinvest them in Sibanye Gold.

“I think Neal is poised to do the ultimate consolidation in South Africa’s gold industry. Apart from the fact that Wits Gold is a natural extension of Beatrix (its DBM is adjacent to Sibanye Gold’s mature Beatrix mine in the Free State), I think Neal has got the power and the energy to pull this off,’ he says.

Fleming sticks by his view that South Africa will once again become the focus of global gold company interest. “It’s where the gold is. I cannot believe the world will never come back here. What we’re seeing now is temporary noise; it will dissipate,’ he says.

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db194b  No.16731550

>>16731474

>[Adam] Fleming, the former chairman of Harmony Gold

>For Sibanye Gold’s Neal Froneman, who once worked at Harmony Gold

>>16730101

>“Business rescue of Southgold gives mine a new lease on life” – “Bowman Gilfillan acted for the secured lenders”

Harmony Gold – Dr. Patrice Motsepe (founding chairman of BRICS), also links to Sanlam, Bowman Gilfillan, World Economic Forum, Warren Buffet, Bill & Melinda Gates, etc. (Part 1)

https://www.harmony.co.za/about/history

Harmony was incorporated and registered as a public company in South Africa on 25 August 1950 and later became a Randgold-managed company, exploiting the single Harmony mine lease. In 1995, Harmony was recreated as a separate entity following the winding up of Randgold. The number of operations has grown significantly since 1995, with Harmony transforming from a single, lease-bound mining operation into a multi-operation, global, independent, world-class gold producer.

Dr. Patrice Motsepe’s Biography

https://www.harmony.co.za/about/board

NON-EXECUTIVE CHAIRMAN

LLB and Doctorate of Commerce (Honoris Causa) (University of Witwatersrand), Doctorate of Commerce (Honoris Causa) (Stellenbosch University), Doctor of Management and Commerce (Honoris Causa) (University of Fort Hare) and BA Law and Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) (University of Eswatini, formerly the University of Swaziland)

Member of the nomination committee

Dr Patrice Motsepe was appointed non-independent non-executive chairman on 23 September 2003. In 1994 [the year of South Africa’s “independence”], Dr Motsepe founded Future Mining which grew rapidly to become a successful contract mining company. He then formed ARMgold in 1997 which listed on the JSE in 2002.

In 2003, Dr Motsepe led ARMgold into a merger with Avmin and Harmony. Following the merger, Avmin changed its name to African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) and he became the founder and executive chairman of ARM.

Dr Patrice Motsepe was a partner in one of the largest law firms in South Africa, Bowmans [Bowman Gilfillan] and was also a visiting attorney in the USA with the law firm McGuireWoods.

In 2002, Dr Motsepe was voted South Africa’s Business Leader of the Year by the chief executive officers of the top 100 companies in South Africa. In the same year, he was the winner of the Ernst & Young Best Entrepreneur of the Year Award.

In 2017, Forbes Magazine commemorated its 100th anniversary and honoured Dr Motsepe as one of the “100 Greatest Living Business Minds” in the world alongside many prominent global business leaders. He is the only person living on the African continent to be recognised and honoured as one of the “100 Greatest Living Business Minds” in the world.

Dr Motsepe is the founder and Chairman of Ubuntu-Botho Investments, African Rainbow Capital (ARC), African Rainbow Energy and Power (AREP) and UBI General Partner Proprietary Limited. He is also the deputy chairman of Sanlam and chairman of Harmony Gold._

He is the President of the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and a vice president of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). He was previously Chairman of Mamelodi Sundowns Football Club.

Dr Motsepe is a member Board of Trustees of the World Economic Forum (WEF), the Global Network Advisory Board of the WEF Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the WEF International Business Council (IBC) which is made up of 100 of the most highly respected and influential chief executives from all industries. He is also a member of the Harvard Global Advisory Council and the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM).

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db194b  No.16731557

>>16731550

Harmony Gold – Dr. Patrice Motsepe (founding chairman of BRICS), also links to Sanlam, Bowman Gilfillan, World Economic Forum, Warren Buffet, Bill & Melinda Gates, etc. (Part 2)

https://www.harmony.co.za/about/board

His past business responsibilities include being the president of National African Federated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (NAFCOC) from 2002 to 2006, founding president of Business Unity South Africa (BUSA) from January 2004 to May 2008, founding president of Chambers of Commerce and Industry South Africa (CHAMSA), president of the Black Business Council (BBC), and the founding chairman of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) Business Council in March 2013.

Dr Motsepe is a recipient of numerous business and leadership awards and recognitions including:

• Sunday Times Lifetime Achiever Award, 2017

• Harvard University Veritas Award for Excellence in Global Business and Philanthropy, 2014

• BRICS Business Council, Outstanding Leadership Award, 2014

• The Black Management Forum (BMF) Presidential Award for Business Excellence, 2010

• McGuireWoods Outstanding Alumnus Awards, 2009

• African Business Roundtable, USA, Entrepreneur & Freedom of Trade Award, 2009

• South African Jewish Report, Special Board Members Award for Outstanding Achievement, 2004

• Afrikaanse Handelsinstituut, MS Louw Award for Exceptional Business Achievement, 2003

• World Economic Forum Global Leader of Tomorrow, 1999.

In January 2013 Dr Motsepe and his wife, Dr Precious Moloi-Motsepe joined the Giving Pledge which was started by Warren Buffett and Bill and Melinda Gates. Dr Motsepe committed to give half of the wealth, which is owned by the Motsepe family to the poor and for philanthropic purposes during his lifetime and that of his wife and beyond. In April 2019, Forbes Magazine stated that US$500 million was donated by the Motsepe family to the poor and for philanthropic purposes.

Dr Motsepe announced on 28 March 2020 that his family, in partnership with companies and organisations that they are associated with, including ARM, pledge R1 billion (US$57 million) to assist with South Africa and Africa’s response to the challenges presented by the Covid-19 pandemic.

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db194b  No.16731635

>>16731550

>>16731557

Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe Background; “appointed the first black partner of [Bowman Gilfillan], in exactly the same year that Nelson Mandela became the president of South Africa [1994] and more” (Part 1)

“How The Son Of A Former African School Teacher Made Over $1 Billion Dollars”

https://startuptipsdaily.com/success-story-patrice-motsepe/

July 16, 2017

After getting his LLB, in 1988, Patrice Motsepe got a great job offer from the Bowman Gilfillan law firm, which was one of South Africa’s most reputable law firms.

Despite being a firm predominantly run by white South Africans, Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe’s drive, commitment to growth, and high success rates in his job activities got his bosses to take a unique interest in him.

In 1991, Patrice Motsepe, under the American Bar Association program, was a visiting attorney to McGuire Woods law firm located in the heart of Richmond, Virginia, USA. During his visit, he met several mining organizations, and studying their operations sprouted a zeal and attraction in him for the business.

This exposure caused Patrice Motsepe to start studying the mining business in every way that he could. He would read all kinds of books & articles and study anything he could on mining, just so he could have a complete understanding and technical know-how on how the business operates.

In the year 1994, Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe’s hard work at the Bowman Gilfillan law firm paid off, as he was appointed the first black partner of the organization, in exactly the same year that Nelson Mandela became the president of South Africa.

The Start Of His Business Journey

Now in the law firm, Patrice Motsepe specialized in mining and business law. His exposure to the sector caused him to start up a mining firm called Future Mining; a company which was into contract mining services that involved creating a system of worker remuneration that integrated a low base salary with a profit-sharing bonus, and also the cleaning of gold dust from inside mine shafts for the Vaal Reefs Gold mine, currently a subsidiary of AngloGold.

While his company handled very miniature mining contract services, Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe continued to strive until he realized that the successful mines didn’t have to be the large ones, but rather any one, especially small ones that better managed their finances and operations.

The Establishment of The African Rainbow Minerals (ARM)

After saving up for many years, in 1997 when the price of Gold was falling, one of the largest mining companies in South Africa, AngloGold, was looking to sell some of their smaller, older, low-performing mine shafts, so they could focus on their larger and higher performing mines.

With this golden opportunity staring him in the face, Patrice Motsepe promptly founded the African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) and proceeded to acquire one of the mine shafts that were up for sale by AngloGold.

In just three years after taking over the mines, Patrice Motsepe was able to fully repay the debt, which came as a complete shocker to almost every observer, as he had turned the mines’ operations around and made them profitable in just about 12 months after the takeover.

After this success, in the year 2000, Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe partnered with Anglo Platinum, the world’s largest platinum producer. This partnership was a 50 – 50 ratio, and together, they created the largest platinum-producing mines in South Africa called Modikwa.

He further went on to partner with a South African gold producer called Harmony, in 2002, to acquire a certain number of shafts from Anglo. After the acquisition and commencement of operations on the shafts, they collectively went on to produce a total of 1 million troy ounces of platinum a year.

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db194b  No.16731647

>>16731635

Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe Background; “appointed the first black partner of [Bowman Gilfillan], in exactly the same year that Nelson Mandela became the president of South Africa [1994] and more” (Part 2)

https://startuptipsdaily.com/success-story-patrice-motsepe/

July 16, 2017

His Business Today

Since his business mergers and explosive growth, Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe’s African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) has been listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, making him one of the first black entrepreneurs in South Africa to own a major controlling stake in a publicly listed company.

Today, his company has strategic partnerships and mergers with other mining organizations, and have added a wide list of minerals to their coffers like nickel, chrome, coal, iron, manganese and precious metals (platinum and its related products).

In the process, Patrice Motsepe has built one of the largest mining companies in not just Africa, but the world, with revenues totaling over $2 billion, and employing over 10,000 people.

He also owns stakes in several other companies, including about a 5.5% stake in Sanlam, a publicly traded financial services company located outside of Cape Town, South Africa.

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db194b  No.16731732

It is interesting that Patrice Motsepe is going to Uganda for the first time for soccer, especially after a huge deposit of gold was discovered in the country and his business is gold mining.

“Caf president Patrice Motsepe to visit Uganda”

https://www.monitor.co.ug/uganda/sports/soccer/caf-president-patrice-motsepe-to-visit-uganda-3878252

July 13, 2022

What you need to know:

• This will be the South African billionaire’s first visit to Uganda. He took charge following a five-year ban handed to his predecessor Ahmad.

• Ahmad, who had been Caf president and Fifa vice president since 2017, was found guilty of violating several of the FIFA Code of Ethics (FCE), including abuse of office, distribution of gifts and misappropriations of funds during his presidency.

The Confederation of African Football (Caf) president Dr. Patrice Tlhopane Motsepe will pay a two-day visit to Uganda starting tomorrow.

Motsepe, who took over the leadership of the continental football governing body in March, 2021, will be hosted by the Fufa president and Caf executive committee member Hon. Moses Hasim Magogo.

“During the visit, the Caf president will hold meetings with HE President of the Republic of Uganda Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, Speaker of Parliament Rt. Hon. Anita Annet Among, Fufa Executive and key football stakeholders,” a statement released by Fufa reads.

This will be the South African billionaire’s first visit to Uganda. He took charge following a five-year ban handed to his predecessor Ahmad.

Ahmad, who had been Caf president and Fifa vice president since 2017, was found guilty of violating several of the FIFA Code of Ethics (FCE), including abuse of office, distribution of gifts and misappropriations of funds during his presidency.

A five-year ban from taking part in all football-related activities at national and international level was imposed by Fifa on November 23, 2020, as well as a fine of 200,000 Swiss francs (about 220,000 US dollars).

Motsepe arrives here following last week’s decision by Caf to move the 2023 Africa Cup of Nations from June/July, 2023 to January/February, 2024.

The tournament was to be hosted in June-July 2023, which is the height of the rainy season in Ivory Coast. It will now be played in January-February the following year.

“We cannot take the risk,” said the South African, Motsepe, in the Moroccan capital Rabat.

Caf, also recently passed the Caf African Super League. On the agenda since Fifa President Gianni Infantino hinted at its possibility in 2019, the African Super League will get underway in August 2023.

The tournament will feature 24 teams and carry total prize money of $100m, said Motsepe, adding that just over $10m will go to the winner.

Citing ‘financial challenges’ in Caf which he inherited from Ahmad, Motsepe said that businesses are interested in sponsoring the event.

“The key issue for us is the abnormal interest we’ve been exposed to from some of the biggest and most prominent investors and sponsors,” he said.

Caf also said that the African Champions League, which is open to all countries in Africa, will continue alongside the new African Super League, where the top 24 teams will be determined according to their Fifa ranking.

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db194b  No.16732111

File: 0ebdddd36a75a33⋯.jpg (160.39 KB, 948x835, 948:835, Bowmans_History.JPG)

File: 1651ad958a3eb25⋯.jpg (44.73 KB, 631x553, 631:553, Bowmans_Reach.JPG)

File: b8bc9468c5b28e0⋯.pdf (8.7 MB, Bowmans_Alumni_Newsletter_….pdf)

>>16730086

>Webber Wentzel - Southgold

>>16730101

>Bowman Gilfillan - Southgold

Bowmans: Timeless Ties - Excerpts

https://www.bowmanslaw.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Alumni-Newsletter_25-October-2018.pdf

Once part of Bowmans, always part of Bowmans. Although dispersed all over the world, in virtually every sector and industry, our alumni share a common bond – one that we would like to strengthen and nurture.

Leading South African jurists Sisi Khampepe and Dunstan Mlambo are among our alumni who have reached great heights.

Tembeka Ngcukaitobi, advocate and author of The Land is Ours, was a partner in Johannesburg before switching to the Bar. Top South African business leaders Patrice Motsepe of African Rainbow Minerals and Sim Tshabalala of Standard Bank grew up in this firm and are now loyal clients.

Following the progress of these luminaries is easy because of their public profiles. There are countless other Bowmans alumni who, in their own ways, are making their mark across the world and have inspiring stories and experiences to share.

JUDGE DUNSTAN MLAMBO

Bowmans alumni are people to watch long after they have struck out in new directions. A fearless champion of access to justice is Judge Dunstan Mlambo, Judge President of the Gauteng Division of the High Court, who completed his articles at Bowmans.

The many high-profile cases Dunstan has considered include the 2014 decision to allow the media to broadcast the proceedings of the Oscar Pistorius murder trial. His reasons for allowing the trial to be broadcast live included dispelling perceptions that the rich and famous receive preferential treatment from the justice system.

Another landmark case was the matter between former Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan and the Gupta-owned company Oakbay.

Then there was his December 2017 ruling that then Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa had to appoint a new National Director of Public Prosecutions within 60 days.

AI: A NEW FORM OF PARTNER

This year we introduced a new partner to Bowmans: Kira. Kira is an artificial intelligence tool designed to improve efficiencies in certain key legal processes, primarily in the mergers and acquisitions and regulatory areas. Bowmans is one of the first African firms to be able to offer a solution of this nature to clients.

In 2017 we celebrated 50 years of the Bowmans vs Webber Wentzel cricket match, an enjoyable social tradition between the two fine firms.

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db194b  No.16732121

>>16732111

Bowmans – Global reach

https://www.bowmanslaw.com/our-firm/our-african-footprint/

Recognising the size and enormous diversity of Africa, our approach to providing legal services across the continent is intended to offer on-the-ground advice in the countries that matter for our clients. Our presence in Africa is always evolving to meet the changes that are shaping the future of this vast continent.

Currently, we have our own offices in six African countries: Kenya (Nairobi), Mauritius (Moka), South Africa (Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg), Tanzania (Dar es Salaam), Uganda (Kampala) and Zambia (Lusaka).

We work closely with our Bowmans Alliance firms in Ethiopia (Aman Assefa & Associates Law Office) and Nigeria (Udo Udoma & Belo-Osagie). These are two of the leading corporate and commercial law firms in their jurisdictions.

We have special relationships with competent practitioners in Malawi and Mozambique. We also have a non-exclusive co-operation agreement with French international law firm Gide Loyrette Nouel that provides our clients access to assistance in francophone west and north Africa. The arrangement provides complementary access for Gide’s clients and lawyers to markets in central, southern and eastern Africa.

We ensure that, whenever our clients need legal advice in other parts of Africa, we can assist them by tapping into our comprehensive database of contacts of the best firms and practitioners across the continent.

On the global front, Bowmans has long-standing and excellent relationships with a range of international law firms with whom we often work on Africa-focussed client mandates. We are also a member firm of Lex Mundi, a global association of more than 160 independent law firms in all the major centres across the globe. Lex Mundi gives us the ability to connect our clients with the best law firms in each of the countries represented.

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db194b  No.16732155

File: bc137133b5ddc96⋯.jpg (49.87 KB, 936x630, 52:35, Bowmans_African_Rainbow_En….JPG)

>>16731550

>Dr Motsepe is the founder and Chairman of Ubuntu-Botho Investments, African Rainbow Capital (ARC), African Rainbow Energy and Power (AREP)

“Bowmans are advising Absa Bank Ltd on the formation of the African Rainbow Energy Fund Partnership”

https://www.bowmanslaw.com/

We are advising Absa Bank Ltd on the formation of the African Rainbow Energy Fund Partnership, a private equity renewable energy investment fund in partnership with African Rainbow Energy and Power (Pty) Ltd.

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db194b  No.16732208

>>16731550

>In 2003, Dr Motsepe led ARMgold into a merger with Avmin and Harmony. Following the merger, Avmin changed its name to African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) and he became the founder and executive chairman of ARM.

>>16538769

>An important consideration in this process was the homogeneous nature of SA business. In the 1970s and 1980s the major national companies were Anglo (the Oppenheimers); Rembrandt (the Ruperts); Liberty (the Gordons); and Anglovaal (the Menells and Hersovs). The top six companies owned over 80% of the economy in 1985. This economic clout provided considerable leverage.

>>16554865

>1977 Urban Foundation “think tank” is founded by Harry Oppenheimer, Anton Rupert and Clive Menell.This Foundation introduced neoliberal housing policy for Blacks under the guise of “development”. Cyril Ramaphosa, Nthato Motlana and Phuthuma Ntleko became the leaders of this “development” Foundation

>>16554880

>1990 Independent Development Trust (IDT) is established as a Schedule 2 State Owned Entity largely taking on the “development” programmes of the Urban Foundation “think tank” which was setup in 1977 by Oppenheimer, Rupert and Menell. Chairman of Urban Foundation, Judge Jan Steyn becomes the head of IDT

>13 April 1992 Nelson Mandela announces intention to separate from Winnie Madikizela Mandela and moves in with Menell family .Clive Menell is one of the founders of the Urban Foundation which was established in 1977

Remember Anglovaal Mining (Avmin) was owned by the Menell and Hersov families

“Patrice Motsepe | Africa’s Billionaire | Personal Life”

https://theexchange.africa/african-billionaires/patrice-motsepe-net-worth/

September 22, 2020

He launched ARMgold in 1997, which in 2003 merged with Harmony and acquired Anglovaal Mining (Avmin). In 2004, Motsepe was named chairman of the newly reorganized ARM and by 2006 the company had expanded beyond gold and other metals into coal mining.

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882968  No.16737403

>>16731550

>In 2003, Dr Motsepe led ARMgold into a merger with Avmin and Harmony. Following the merger, Avmin changed its name to African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) and he became the founder and executive chairman of ARM.

“ARM considers restarting options at Nkomati Nickel following 42% price surge” – “ARM owns Nkomati Nickel on a 50/50 basis with Norilsk Nickel (Nornickel), the Russian platinum group”

https://www.miningmx.com/news/base-metals/49003-arm-considers-restarting-options-at-nkomati-nickel-following-42-price-surge/

March 7, 2022

AFRICAN Rainbow Minerals (ARM) may restart production at Nkomait Nickel operations in South Africa’s Mpumalanga province following an improvement in the price of the metal.

Mike Schmidt, CEO of ARM, said last week at the group’s interim results presentation the company was also considering options regarding underground mining at Nkomati.

“We’ve always said we put the mine on care and maintenance and wait for better prices,” said Schmidt. “The questions raised is ‘you’ve got the good prices, what now?'”.

“So, we are busy with study options with our partner and we are considering a number of options in terms of the way forward,” said Schmidt.

“The recent rally in nickel may not be entirely market driven; there may be other fundamental changes. We do need to understand the market fundmanetals and [if] prices are sustainable,” he added.,

Schmidt said the otion of going underground – which he described as “a very large resource that can last for 20 years” – was currently “under study”.

ARM owns Nkomati Nickel on a 50/50 basis with Norilsk Nickel (Nornickel), the Russian platinum group metals producer which has seen its share price dive nearly 90% in the last month following the beginning of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

ARM and Nornickel decided to put Nkomati in mothballs in 2019 after it reported losses. ARM wrote up a R890m impairment against the asset in that year.

Nickel is considered a critical metal in the manufacture of electric vehicle batteries. Demand growth totalled 16% last year and was expected to grow again, by about 8%, in the current year to 2.89 million tons, according to a report by Morgan Stanley.

“Looking specifically at nickel electric vehicle demand, we forecast this to grow by 70,000 tons (about 55% year-on-year) this year, and see it expanding with a 40% compound average growth rate through the 2020s, reaching a demand-share of 25% by 2030,” the bank said in its report.

At $26,489/t, the price of nickel is 27% higher year to date and 42% higher year-on-year. It is the second only to aluminium in best performing base metals over the last year.

Last week, ARM reported a 27% year-on-year decline in interim headline share earnings to R18,87/share. It declared an interim dividend of R12/share.

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882968  No.16737423

>>16737403

African Rainbow Mineral did not consult with Russian partner, Nornickel, over Nkomati Mine

“African Rainbow Minerals and Nornickel at odds over Nkomati Mine”

https://www.africaintelligence.com/southern-africa-and-islands/2022/04/20/african-rainbow-minerals-and-nornickel-at-odds-over-nkomati-mine,109779153-art

April 20, 2022

The chief executive of South Africa’s African Rainbow Minerals (ARM), Mike Schmidt, last month hinted the mining group might resume operations at the Nkomati nickel mine. While his statement was met with enthusiasm, it appears that the announcement was mas not made in consultation with ARM’s Russian partner, Nornickel.

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882968  No.16737436

Nornickel History

https://www.nornickel.com/company/history/

• 1935

The USSR Council of People’s Commissars resolved to build Norilsk Plant.

• 1942

The first batch of converter matte was produced, with Norilsk Plant opening a Nickel Electrolysis Shop in 1943.

• 1953

Norilsk was granted the status of a town, with Norilsk Plant producing 35% of nickel, 12% of copper, 30% of cobalt and 90% of PGM from the Soviet Union’s total metal output.

• 1960

The Talnakhskoye Field, the world’s largest deposit of copper-nickel ores, was discovered giving a new lease of life to Norilsk Plant. Works started to build mines and the town of Talnakh on the Taimyr Peninsula.

• 1965

The Oktyabrskoye Field, a deposit of copper-nickel ores, was discovered.

• 1981

Nadezhda Metallurgical Plant and the first stage of Talnakh Concentrator were put on stream.

• 1993

A decree of the President of the Russian Federation transformed the Norilsk Nickel State Concern for the Production of Precious and Non-Ferrous Metals into Russian Joint Stock Company (RJSC) Norilsk Nickel for the Production of Precious and Non-Ferrous Metals.

• 1994

RJSC Norilsk Nickel's assets were privatised.

• 2001

The Company was restructured, with shareholders of RJSC Norilsk Nickel exchanging 96.6% of their stock to the shares of MMC Norilsk Nickel. The Company’s shares were listed on the RTS and MICEX stock exchanges, while, in June, the Company started issuing Level-1 ADRs with MMC Norilsk Nickel shares as the underlying asset.

• 2006

Nornickel obtained a follow-up exploration licence for the Maslovskoye Field and in four years from then entered its reserves into the government books as follows: 728 kt of nickel, over 1.1 mt of copper, 12.5 m oz of platinum and 1.3 m oz of gold.

• 2009

The Company created its own icebreaker fleet of reinforced ice class vessels having the distinction of being the first Arctic shipping vehicles to be awarded the highest ARC 7 ice class.

• 2013

Vladimir Potanin’s team changed the management structure of Nornickel. The Board of Directors adopted a new development strategy. The Company decided to focus on the Tier-1 assets of Polar Division and Kola MMC.

• 2014

Disposal of overseas and non-core assets: the Company sold its Western Australian gold mining assets (North Eastern Goldfields Operations (NEGO)), nickel assets (Lake Johnston, Cawse, Avalon, Black Swan and Silver Swan), and stakes in energy companies.

• 2015

The Company piloted Stage 1 of Talnakh Concentrator in Norilsk.

Norilsk Nickel celebrated its 80th anniversary marking the 80 years of exploring the Russian Arctic. Russian President Vladimir Putin commended MMC Norilsk Nickel’s team for their valuable contribution to the development of the Russian metals industry and excellent operating performance.

• 2016

The Nickel Plant shutdown project was completed, which helped cut sulphur dioxide emissions in Norilsk and thereby mitigate the environmental impact.

The Company completed rebranding: the new Nornickel logo symbolises the ongoing changes, while Aspirations and Reliability were chosen as the Company’s key attributes.

• 2017

Giving a start to Russia’s Year of Environment, Nornickel opened a visitor centre at the Pasvik Reserve.

And there is more…

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882968  No.16737456

>>16554835 James Rothschild – Investments; Rusal, Glencore, Ukraine, etc

>>16569271 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part One

>>16569275 Glencore & Xstrata Bun Part Two

“Russian Tycoon Potanin to Start Nornickel-Rusal Merger Talks”

https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/russian-tycoon-potanin-to-start-nornickel-rusal-merger-talks-1.1787750

July 5, 2022

(Bloomberg) – Billionaire Vladimir Potanin, the biggest investor in MMC Norilsk Nickel PJSC, said he’s ready to discuss merging the mining giant with United Co Rusal International PJSC as sanctions against Russia weigh on both companies.

Potanin has headed Nornickel since striking a 2012 shareholder accord with aluminum producer Rusal, the company’s second-largest investor. A merger would create a “national champion,” the tycoon said in an interview with Russia’s RBC TV channel.

“We received the proposal from the management of Rusal to discuss the merger with Norilsk Nickel as an alternative to extending the shareholder agreement,” Potanin said. “I sent a letter in which I confirmed our agreement to start the process of discussing a merger with Rusal.”

Potanin, Russia’s richest man, controls about 35% of Nornickel, a key producer of nickel and copper and the world’s biggest miner of palladium. Apart from some Canadian restrictions in April, the tycoon largely avoided western sanctions targeting other members of the Russian elite until the UK imposed penalties on June 29.

Potanin said that Nornickel is not under sanctions despite the penalties imposed against him by the UK. The billionaire also indicated that he is not going to step down as Nornickel chief executive officer.

Rusal’s press service declined to comment.

About 20% of the world’s nickel comes from Russia, with nearly all of that from Potanin’s Nornickel. The company also produces about 40% of the world’s palladium, used in anti-pollution devices in gasoline cars.

That original shareholder agreement defined Nornickel’s dividend payouts and ended feuding between Potanin and Rusal’s founder Oleg Deripaska.

(Updates with comments from Potanin starting in second paragraph)

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

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882968  No.16737462

“Putin's hockey pal and Russia's richest man Vladimir Potanin has been 'snapping up banks for cheap' amid an exodus of Western owners”

https://www.businessinsider.com/vladimir-potanin-snap-up-banks-for-cheap-russia-ukraine-putin-2022-5?op=1&r=US&IR=T

May 14, 2022

Russia's richest man has been snapping up domestic banks at a discount rate, after their Western owners ditched the country, reports say.

The Russian economy has been in freefall since the invasion of Ukraine, after Western powers issued sanctions against a number of President Vladimir Putin's closest allies, seizing and freezing their assets, and a host of leading businesses – from McDonald's to Goldman Sachs – shut down operations in the country altogether.

Metals tycoon Vladimir Potanin, a long-time Putin ally, has largely avoided Western sanctions, despite his close personal ties to the regime. Experts say Potanin, who has played ice hockey with Putin in the past, has largely remained off the West's radar due to his personal importance to global metals markets.

On Thursday, the Financial Times reported Potanin, who is said to be worth $30 billion, had been tapping into his estimated $30 billion fortune to obtain stakes in major Russian banks, which have seen their value dwindle after Western stakeholders abandoned the country.

The billionaire's Interros group is said to have acquired Rosbank after Société Générale (SocGen), a French bank that bought the business from Potanin in 2008, opted for a quick exit from Russia. Insider previously reported banks still operating in Russia were preparing to lose huge amounts of money for exiting.

Potanin reportedly obtained Oleg Tinkov's stake in TCS Group Holding, for which Tinkov, who said was forced to sell his stakes after he criticized the war, complained that Potanin paid only 3% of the actual stakes' worth, per the newspaper. Insider reached out to TCS and SocGen but did not immediately get a response.

Tatiana Stanovaya, founder of political analysis firm R.Politik told the FT: "The Kremlin had a geopolitically problematic asset [in Tinkoff] and Potanin had a solution."

Potanin's recent acquisitions make him a key individual in the banking sector. In February, Rosbank and Tinkoff, TCS's main assets, combined assets of almost $45 billion (RBS3 trillion).

Someone involved in the negotiations for SocGen told the FT: "We wanted to find a way to exit in the most orderly way while preserving our 12,000 staff."

They added: "Potanin… says he wants to preserve the bank and its culture," that's why they decided to accept his offer that was quick and he knows the bank, per the report.

Potanin founded Interros – a conglomerate with stakes in industries including mining, energy, and real estate – in 1990, and is the richest man in Russia, per Forbes. But he is mostly known for mastering the "loans-for-shares" programs, which many other oligarchs, including Roman Abramovich, have made their fortune through the programs.

Under the "loans-for-shares" programs, wealthy entrepreneurs and banks loaned money to the Russian government in the 1990s in exchange for equity in the country's natural resource companies. The government often could not repay these loans, leaving many of the natural resource companies in the hands of wealthy individuals.

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882968  No.16737474

Vladimir Potanin Background

https://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/moscow/potanin.html

October, 2003

Vladimir Potanin, 42, was born in 1961 into a high-ranking Communist family. He attended the Moscow Institute for International Relations, an elite school that groomed students for the KGB and offices of the Kremlin. He then went to work for the Soviet Department of Trade, where his father had also worked. In 1991, he created Interros, a foreign trade association that traded nonferrous metals, including aluminum, copper and lead. With the capital he accumulated from Interros, he started two banks, the Oneximbank and the MFK, to which many state enterprises transferred their accounts. Later, Potanin became one of the principal authors of the Loans for Shares program, in which the Russian government traded ownership in state industries for loans. The controversial program was administered through auctions, but only select bidders were invited to attend, usually at the discretion of President Boris Yeltsin's daughter. Potanin was among the invited bidders. During Russia's transition to a market economy, he acquired control of more than 20 formerly state-owned enterprises. Potanin's business empire was considerably dented by Russia's 1998 economic crisis, but he managed to set up numerous companies to shelter his personal assets. He also diverted considerable sums to his accounts outside of Russia and threw a party at the height of the crash for more than 100 of his closest friends in a nightclub at the French ski resort Courchevel.

Current Position:

President, Interros Holding Company

Major Holdings:

Norilsk Nickel, the world's largest producer of platinum and palladium

Other Interests:

RUSIA Petroleum; Rosebank; agricultural industrial company Agros; power generation equipment company Power Machines; Soglasie Insurance Company; newsdailies Izvestia and Komsomolskaia Pravda; The Russian Telegraph Newspaper; the magazine Expert; radio stations Autoradio, PM-radio, Novosti on-line, and several regional television and radio companies

Political Connections:

Potanin's father was a senior official in Russia's Ministry of Foreign Trade. One of the Big Seven oligarchs who helped reelect President Boris Yeltsin, Potanin was then appointed by Yeltsin in 1996 to hold Russia's number-twoposition, first deputy prime minister.

Notoriety:

Potanin was the principal author of the Loans for Shares program, which put state assets in private hands and was harshly criticized by many academics. Potanin also has a poor track record with Western investors: George Soros, who in 1997 invested $980 million in Potanin's telecom enterprise Svyazinvest, said it was the worst investment he ever made. Other losers in Potanin's empire include BP/Amoco, which the same year invested $571 million in his oil company Sidanko, only to find the company forced into bankruptcy.

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882968  No.16737486

“Metal world agonizes over war in Ukraine but keeps buying from Russia”

https://theprint.in/world/metal-world-agonizes-over-war-in-ukraine-but-keeps-buying-from-russia/902969/

5 April 2022

Russian metal is largely still flowing around the world. Many traders and fabricators who buy from them are tied in to pre-existing purchase deals that can extend over years.

United Kingdom: Last month, 13 copper-industry representatives at the London Metal Exchange were asked whether Russian metal should be blocked from its warehouses. Ten of them said “yes.” But when advisory groups for nickel and aluminum discussed the same question, the general consensus was “no.”

The LME, which is the ultimate decision-maker, says it won’t take action that goes beyond government sanctions — which, so far, have left most of the metals industry untouched.

But the behind-closed-doors discussions reflect a wider angst over whether to keep buying from Russia, as the industry weighs the stigma from the war against its own commercial interests — and the fact that vital metals like aluminum and copper were in short supply even before the invasion of Ukraine.

For now, Russian metal is largely still flowing to the world’s factories and building sites. Many traders and fabricators who buy from Russian companies are tied in to pre-existing purchase deals that can extend over years. And commodities merchants have a well-earned reputation as buyers and financiers of last resort when others have long backed away.

The question of what happens to Russia’s metal exports is of vast consequence to global markets — it’s a key supplier of palladium, nickel, aluminum, steel and copper. Prices for all of those metals set new all-time highs in March, although steel is the only one to be the direct target of sanctions so far.

Aurubis, Europe’s largest copper smelter, is “trying to get out” of its contracts for Russian supplies, and is in favor of sanctions against metals, Harings said in an interview last week. “I believe in the end whatever money we pay will end up in the wrong pockets,” he said.

Norwegian aluminum company Norsk Hydro ASA said it was taking the minimum possible under its contracts with Russian companies and was aiming to reduce that further.

There are still buyers for now — even in Europe. Russian metals producers like MMC Norilsk Nickel PJSC and United Co. Rusal International PJSC tend to sell on annual or multi-annual deals to big industrial groups, and for the most part these contracts are still being fulfilled, according to people familiar with the matter.

Traders like Glencore Plc, which has a deal to buy aluminum from Rusal until at least 2024, and Trafigura Group, which has a long-standing relationship with Nornickel, are also fulfilling contracts in Russia.

And few new deals are happening. Glencore, which has been one of the largest traders of Russian commodities since the days when founder Marc Rich struck agreements with the Soviet Union, announced last week it would do no new business in Russia.

Already, Trafigura has been delivering Russian copper to LME warehouses in Asia in recent days after failing to sell it in China, Bloomberg reported.

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882968  No.16737554

“EXCLUSIVE | The mystery jet, the former Russian first lady and a blonde VIP” – Part 1

https://samigration.com/blog/exclusive-the-mystery-jet-the-former-russian-first-lady-and-a-blonde-vip/

News 24 - July 11, 2022

Mystery surrounds a two-day trip in Cape Town by a business jet registered in the name of Svetlana Medvedeva, the wife of former prime minister and president of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev.

News24 can reveal the Bombardier Global 5000 private jet had to divert its return flight from Cape Town International Airport on Wednesday to Lanseria International Airport outside of Johannesburg because its operators were denied fuel by suppliers in Cape Town.

Medvedeva is a Russian economist, but it is not known who was on board the flight operated by Russian air charter company RusJet. The purpose of the flight that arrived in Cape Town on Monday last week and departed again on Wednesday remains a secret.

The route of the Bombardier Global 5000 private jet. (Screen grab via Flightradar24)

According to Airports Company of South Africa (Acsa) operations manager Terence Delomaney, “we do not have any scheduled Russian aircraft flying into our airports at the moment. Lanseria is not an Acsa airport. All aircraft will need to ensure arrangements are made in advance for fuelling. There are various suppliers available – some may apply sanctions and others not”.

As a commercial airport, Lanseria buys its own fuel and then sells it forward to all aircraft operators using the airport.

International oil and fuel companies might apply the same sanctions in their countries of origin instituted against Russia, which have affected flights from Russia internationally. The same applies to the European and US airspace, which is closed for Russian air traffic.

According to the website www.airport-data.com, the private jet is registered in Svetlana Medvedeva’s name.

RusJet is a Russian VIP charter company based in Moscow. According to eyewitnesses at Lanseria, it was obvious there was a very important person or people on board, judged by the contingent of bodyguards and the entourage accompanying a stately older woman with blonde hair.

They said there were 14 passengers who disembarked at Lanseria: the older woman; what seemed to be a private assistant; another two women who looked after her needs; and four security guards, while the rest were men in business suits who entered the aircraft just behind the older woman when they got back into the plane.

The entourage was rushed into the VIP lounge, with the security guards posted outside while the jet was refuelled.

It was obviously just a fuel stop before the jet departed late Wednesday afternoon again. According to Flightradar24, the jet arrived in Cape Town on Monday via Cairo in Egypt. It followed the same route back, re-routing through Botswana.

The route of the Bombardier Global 5000 private jet. (Screen grab via Flightradar24)

According to Africa Intelligence, up to March, the aircraft had been registered in the state of San Marino and is part of Skyline Aviation’s fleet.

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882968  No.16737563

File: fabc626de78dc3a⋯.jpg (182.83 KB, 720x1600, 9:20, Flight_path.jpg)

“EXCLUSIVE | The mystery jet, the former Russian first lady and a blonde VIP” – Part 2

https://samigration.com/blog/exclusive-the-mystery-jet-the-former-russian-first-lady-and-a-blonde-vip/

July 11, 2022

According to an investigation by the Italian daily Corriere della Sera, “Skyline is a charter company based in the small Alpine republic, with strong ties to the Russian elite and currently in liquidation. Its aircraft – including the one seen in South Africa – regularly flew former Russian prime minister and president Dmitry Medvedev’s wife, Svetlana Medvedeva.

“Skyline has been under US sanctions since 2 June due to its links with Russia,” the publication reported.

It’s unclear if the passenger(s) were in South Africa for government or private business.

International Relations and Cooperation Minister Naledi Pandor was in Indonesia attending a two-day G20 meeting of foreign ministers.

Vincent Magwenya, spokesperson for the presidency, referred enquiries to Pandor’s department, which did not respond.

The Russian embassy in Pretoria said it had no information regarding the flight.

The Moscow Times in 2019 reported that “Medvedeva secretly owns a $50 million Bombardier small business jet that she uses to fly to Europe and Russian cities”. The claims were made by Alexei Navalny, opposition leader who survived a poisoning attempt in 2020 and has been imprisoned since January 2021.

Navalny claimed Medvedeva undertook 11 trips to various destinations from 2015 to 2019 with the jet which was paid for by the Russian government. She was described as a socialite who appeared on various best-dressed lists prior to becoming Russia’s first lady in 2008. She completed her studies as an economist but gave up her career when she married her husband.

Medvedev made headlines last week when he invoked the possibility of nuclear war if the International Criminal Court moves to punish Moscow for alleged crimes in Ukraine.

Medvedev was President Vladimir Putin’s stand-in president between 2008 and 2012 and now serves as deputy head of the Security Council of Russia.

Russian former president Dmitry Medvedev (L) and first wife Svetlana Medvedeva arrive at the Phipps Conservatory for the G-20 Summit on September 24, 2009 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

The question remains of what urgent business the aircraft’s passengers were in Cape Town for, for them to undertake a long and tedious flight to avoid the European skies Russian aircraft are currently banned from.

Sources in the oil industry told News24 the most logical explanation would be that it involved Russia’s attempts to find buyers for its crude oil, which it currently has in abundance, but can’t sell due to international sanctions.

In recent weeks various news reports speculated that South Africa has massive crude storage tanks at its facility in Saldanha which Russia might eye as a possible storing space for its crude. At least two oil tanker ships from Russia were recently suspected to call at Saldanha, but when their presence came under the spotlight, the ships both headed around South Africa towards the United Arab Emirates.

Another source says there are also discussions underway to source Russian fuel via China or India. With South Africa part of the BRICS government, it can freely trade with both Russia, China and India, especially with the fuel crunch the country is currently facing.

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a24987  No.16738472

File: 8033f1ce985bdcf⋯.jpg (183.01 KB, 972x797, 972:797, The_Link_between_extractiv….JPG)

File: f0b196fa9f6513c⋯.pdf (76.3 KB, THE_LINK_BETWEEN_EXTRACTIV….pdf)

“THE LINK BETWEEN EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SEX TRAFFICKING”

https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/272964.pdf

June 2017

Extractive industries involve the removal of non-renewable raw materials such as oil, gas, metals, and minerals from the earth. Although communities can benefit from such industries by using these natural resources for sustainable development, their extraction has also “triggered violent conflicts, degraded the environment, worsened gender and other inequalities, displaced communities, and undermined democratic governance,” according to the UN Development Program. Furthermore, mining, drilling, and quarrying activities often occur in relatively remote areas with minimal infrastructure and limited rule of law, leading to the development of makeshift communities, such as mining “boom towns,” that are vulnerable to crime.

Forced labor in extractive industries has been well-documented; however, the link between these industries and sex trafficking is increasingly an issue of grave concern among governments and advocates alike. Bolivian and Peruvian girls are subjected to sex trafficking in mining areas in Peru, and women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking near gold mines in Suriname and Guyana. In Madagascar, the government and NGOs have reported increasing commercial sexual exploitation of children related to mining sectors. In other areas, this type of exploitation involves organized crime. For example, in Colombia, NGOs report organized criminal groups control sex trafficking in some mining areas.

Discovery of raw materials will necessarily lead to a large influx of workers and other individuals, some of whom create a demand for commercial sex. In Senegal, a gold rush resulted in rapid migration from across West Africa; some of these migrants are women and children exploited in sex trafficking. Likewise, in the oil industry, individuals are sometimes recruited with false promises of work opportunities, but instead are exploited in commercial sex. Service providers in areas near camps surrounding large-scale oil extraction facilities, such as the Bakken oil fields in North Dakota in the United States, have reported that sex traffickers have exploited women in the area, including Native American women.

Sex trafficking related to extractive industries often occurs with impunity. Areas where extraction activities occur are usually remote and may be difficult to access, meaning that workers are isolated from government oversight and community support and may have less access to protective services, legal advocates, and law enforcement personnel. Information on victim identification and law enforcement efforts in mining areas can be difficult to obtain or verify.

Traffickers take advantage of work settings that are culturally isolated or physically remote to compel adults and children to work in unsafe and often abusive situations and exploit them in sex trafficking. Anti-trafficking strategies should address the unique risks workers face in settings that are isolated from the public, from law enforcement, and from traditional support networks.

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f5540e  No.16738632

>>16473779 Viktor Vekselberg Bun

“ANALYSIS: Proposed U.S. law seeks to punish African countries for ‘aligning’ with Russia” - Viktor Vekselberg, ANC, President Cyril Ramaphosa’s brother-in-law Patrice Motsepe, Norilsk Nickel

https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/headlines/531252-analysis-proposed-u-s-law-seeks-to-punish-african-countries-for-aligning-with-russia.html

May 20, 2022

A new law to punish states that back certain Russian actions could have major implications for African countries.

But what about the bill’s intention to thwart Russian efforts to ‘invest in, engage, or otherwise control strategic sectors in Africa, such as mining and other forms of natural resource extraction and exploitation, military basing and other security cooperation agreements, and information and communications technology’? Does that mean any African country where a Russian company invests will fall foul of this legislation? Or will it only apply to investments that advance Putin’s supposedly nefarious ambitions?

Two potentially controversial case studies in South Africa spring to mind. One is the lucrative United Manganese of Kalahari mine in South Africa, owned by Putin’s oligarch chum Viktor Vekselberg – but with 22 per cent held by the ruling African National Congress’s (ANC) own corporation, Chancellor House.

This dodgy investment is probably keeping the cash-strapped ANC financially afloat. And it’s been speculated that that is the real reason for the government’s controversial ‘non-aligned’ stance on the Ukraine war.

Another case study could be the joint venture between African Rainbow Minerals – owned by South African President Cyril Ramaphosa’s brother-in-law Patrice Motsepe – with Russia’s Norilsk Nickel in the potentially lucrative Nkomati nickel mine.

How the U.S. will see such investments is unclear. However, what is emerging is not so much a picture of the U.S. targeting Africa because it voted the wrong way at the UN. Instead, it seems Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has sparked a new Cold War psychosis – and that all other considerations will henceforth be subordinated to the imperatives of that conflict.

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4c4033  No.16739148

>>16738632

Three more countries set to join BRICS- official

Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Egypt plan to join BRICS, and their potential membership bids could be discussed and answered at next year’s summit in South Africa, Purnima Anand, the president of the organization, told Russian media on Thursday.

“All these countries have shown their interest in joining [BRICS] and are preparing to apply for membership. I believe this is a good step, because expansion is always looked upon favorably; it will definitely bolster BRICS’ global influence,” she told Russian newspaper Izvestia.

The BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) account for over 40% of the global population and nearly a quarter of the world’s GDP. The bloc’s stated purposes include promoting peace, security, development, and cooperation globally, and contributing to the development of humanity.

Anand said the issue of expansion was raised during this year’s BRICS summit, which took place in late June in Beijing.

The BRICS Forum president said she hopes the accession of Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Egypt will not take much time, given that they “are already engaged in the process,” though doubts that all three will join the alliance at the same time.

“I hope that these countries will join the BRICS quite shortly, as all the representatives of core members are interested in expansion. So it will come very soon,” Anand added.

The news of the three nations’ plans to join BRICS comes after Iran and Argentina officially applied for membership in late June, with Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh touting the bloc as a “very creative mechanism with broad aspects.”

https://www.rt.com/news/558960-saudi-turkey-egypt-brics/

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9ff6e4  No.16739255

“Latest case against president involves brother-in-law Patrice Motsepe”

https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/national/2022-06-19-latest-case-against-president-involves-brother-in-law-patrice-motsepe/

19 June 2022

Complainant wants police to check financial records between the families for fraud, corruption, racketeering, bribery or other economic crimes

The latest criminal case opened against President Cyril Ramaphosa by the leader of civil rights organisation Really Democracy involves his brother-in-law, business mogul Patrice Motsepe.

Ramaphosa is married to Motsepe’s sister, Dr Tshepo Motsepe.

The case is one of two opened against Ramaphosa in KwaZulu-Natal on Saturday by Srinivasen Naidoo of Really Democracy.

On Sunday TimesLIVE saw the affidavit Naidoo filed with police.

Naidoo said he became aware of a cattle auction by Ramaphosa on March 5 where Motsepe paid R4.7m for four Ankole female cows. He allegedly bought one of them for R2.1m.

The auction was held at Ntaba Nyoni, another of Ramaphosa’s farms.

Naidoo said the sale was “suspicious” and say this sale was not for cattle but for “favours” as Motsepe is a businessman involved in mining and energy and is in business with the government.

“The Ankole cattle are rare and have a high breeding value but the price paid in this particular transaction is particularly high and makes no economic sense.

“The suspicion is that the sale of the cattle is being used to pay bribes and kickbacks for favourable government contracts and easing of regulations in the mining and energy, banking and other sectors in which Motsepe is involved,” said Naidoo.

Naidoo wants police to cheque the financial records between the Ramaphosa and Motsepe families, saying they should probe whether there is fraud, corruption, racketeering, bribery or any other economic crimes involved.

Another auction was held at Ramaphosa’s Phala Phala farm in Limpopo on Saturday. At the auction, the highest bid was for an Ankole bull which sold for R1.65m.

Meanwhile, Nkosenhle Shezi, a known Zuma backer, opened the other case, which involves alleged gender-based violence in connection with a scandal at Ramaphosa’s Phala Phala farm in Waterberg, Limpopo.

Former correctional services commissioner Arthur Fraser brought to light the crime which had unfolded at the farm in 2020 when he laid criminal charges of money laundering, kidnapping and corruption against the president for a burglary, which occurred on the game farm on February 9 2020.

Fraser said Ramaphosa concealed the theft of about $4m at the farm and instead used his own connections to track the alleged culprits.

Shezi wants the police to probe a gender-based violence incident which he alleges occurred. It relates to a domestic worker who he say was kidnapped and assaulted as the investigations into who stole money from the property unfolded.

“In 2020 certain money was stolen [from Ramaphosa’s farm after an auction on the premises] and as a result of that, a domestic worker of the president was captured illegally because there was never a case of a break-in that was reported to the SA police. Throughout that interrogation the lady was kidnapped, was assaulted and that is the travesty of justice that we cannot tolerate as the citizens of the country and we have logged that case with the SA Police Service,” alleged Shezi.

Ramaphosa, through his spokesperson Vincent Magwenya, said he did not have a say on these allegations but that he would co-operate with any investigation against him.

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4c4033  No.16739391

>>16738632

>>16739148 (me)

The proposed law must originate with an idiot democrat. So far the sanctions against Russia have hurt the US and Europe more and Sri Lanka has gone down the drain. In General Research bread #21106 >>16733552 France's President Macron is telling people to shut off their lights, including the public ones so I'm sure criminals will appreciate the lack of security lights on buildings.

There was an earlier post where Germany is trying to find alternative sources of LNG before Winter. Before the massive spam attack the Netherlands bread had a posted article explaining how the the LNG coming from Russia was used to not only provide heating, but help with the production of fertilizer.

The Ruble is backed by gold, the Dollar by "the full Faith and CREDIT of the United States Government" aka words and promises. Pipelines and oil fields are being regulated out of business in the US, so forget about the "petrodollar." The Euro seems backed only by the labor of the workers in Germany as the EU uses the Germans as a automated teller machine to bail out Greece, Portugal, and Italy.

If Africa tells Washington to shove it and leaves the SWIFT system and goes to the Chinese one, Game Over.

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6de867  No.16751301

“Destroying African agriculture” – “From Exporter to Importer” – Part 1

https://www.tni.org/en/article/destroying-african-agriculture

4 June 2008

Biofuel production did not create, but only exacerbated the global food crisis that had been building up for years, as policies promoted by the World Bank, IMF, and WTO encouraged the conversion of economies that are largely food-self-sufficient into chronic food importers.

Biofuel production is certainly one of the culprits in the current global food crisis. But while the diversion of corn from food to biofuel feedstock has been a factor in food prices shooting up, the more primordial problem has been the conversion of economies that are largely food-self-sufficient into chronic food importers. Here the World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) figure as much more important villains.

Whether in Latin America, Asia, or Africa, the story has been the same: the destabilization of peasant producers by a one-two punch of IMF-World Bank structural adjustment programs that gutted government investment in the countryside followed by the massive influx of subsidized U.S. and European Union agricultural imports after the WTO’s Agreement on Agriculture pried open markets.

African agriculture is a case study of how doctrinaire economics serving corporate interests can destroy a whole continent’s productive base.

From Exporter to Importer

At the time of decolonization in the 1960s, Africa was not just self-sufficient in food but was actually a net food exporter, its exports averaging 1.3 million tons a year between 1966-70. Today, the continent imports 25% of its food, with almost every country being a net food importer. Hunger and famine have become recurrent phenomena, with the last three years alone seeing food emergencies break out in the Horn of Africa, the Sahel, Southern Africa, and Central Africa.

Agriculture is in deep crisis, and the causes are many, including civil wars and the spread of HIV-AIDS. However, a very important part of the explanation was the phasing out of government controls and support mechanisms under the structural adjustment programs to which most African countries were subjected as the price for getting IMF and World Bank assistance to service their external debt.

Instead of triggering a virtuous spiral of growth and prosperity, structural adjustment saddled Africa with low investment, increased unemployment, reduced social spending, reduced consumption, and low output, all combining to create a vicious cycle of stagnation and decline.

Lifting price controls on fertilizers while simultaneously cutting back on agricultural credit systems simply led to reduced applications, lower yields, and lower investment. One would have expected the non-economist to predict this outcome, which was screened out by the Bank and Fund’s free-market paradigm. Moreover, reality refused to conform to the doctrinal expectation that the withdrawal of the state would pave the way for the market and private sector to dynamize agriculture. Instead, the private sector believed that reducing state expenditures created more risk and failed to step into the breach. In country after country, the predictions of neoliberal doctrine yielded precisely the opposite: the departure of the state “crowded out” rather than “crowded in” private investment. In those instances where private traders did come in to replace the state, an Oxfam report noted, “they have sometimes done so on highly unfavorable terms for poor farmers,” leaving “farmers more food insecure, and governments reliant on unpredictable aid flows.” The usually pro-private sector Economist agreed, admitting that “many of the private firms brought in to replace state researchers turned out to be rent-seeking monopolists.”

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6de867  No.16751304

>>16751301

“Destroying African agriculture” – “From Exporter to Importer” – Part 2

https://www.tni.org/en/article/destroying-african-agriculture

4 June 2008

What support the government was allowed to muster was channeled by the Bank to export agriculture – to generate the foreign exchange earnings that the state needed to service its debt to the Bank and the Fund. But, as in Ethiopia during the famine of the early 1980s, this led to the dedication of good land to export crops, with food crops forced into more and more unsuitable soil, thus exacerbating food insecurity. Moreover, the Bank’s encouraging several economies undergoing adjustment to focus on export production of the same crops simultaneously often led to overproduction that then triggered a price collapse in international markets. For instance, the very success of Ghana’s program to expand cocoa production triggered a 48% drop in the international price of cocoa between 1986 and 1989, threatening, as one account put it, “to increase the vulnerability of the entire economy to the vagaries of the cocoa market."(1) In 2002-2003, a collapse in coffee prices contributed to another food emergency in Ethiopia.

As in many other regions, structural adjustment in Africa was not simply underinvestment but state divestment. But there was one major difference. In Latin America and Asia, the Bank and Fund confined themselves for the most part to macromanagement, or supervising the dismantling of the state’s economic role from above. These institutions left the dirty details of implementation to the state bureaucracies. In Africa, where they dealt with much weaker governments, the Bank and Fund micromanaged such decisions as how fast subsidies should be phased out, how many civil servants had to be fired, or even, as in the case of Malawi, how much of the country’s grain reserve should be sold and to whom. In other words, Bank and IMF resident proconsuls reached into the very innards of the state’s involvement in the agricultural economy to rip it up.

The Role of Trade

Compounding the negative impact of adjustment were unfair trade practices on the part of the EU and the United States. Trade liberalization allowed low-priced subsidized EU beef to enter and drive many West African and South African cattle raisers to ruin. [Don’t forget the murders of farmers in South Africa]. With their subsidies legitimized by the WTO’s Agreement on Agriculture, U.S. cotton growers offloaded their cotton on world markets at 20-55% of the cost of production, bankrupting West African and Central African cotton farmers in the process.(2)

_These dismal outcomes were not accidental. As then-U.S. Agriculture Secretary John Block put it at the start of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in 1986, “the idea that developing countries should feed themselves is an anachronism from a bygone era. They could better ensure their food security by relying on U.S. agricultural products, which are available, in most cases at lower cost.”(3)

What Block did not say was that the lower cost of U.S. products stemmed from subsidies that were becoming more massive each year, despite the fact that the WTO was supposed to phase out all forms of subsidy. From $367 billion in 1995, the first year of the WTO, the total amount of agricultural subsidies provided by developed country governments rose to $388 billion in 2004. Subsidies now account for 40% of the value of agricultural production in the European Union (EU) and 25% in the United States.

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6de867  No.16751313

>>16751301

>>16751304

“Destroying African agriculture” – “From Exporter to Importer” – Part 3

https://www.tni.org/en/article/destroying-african-agriculture

4 June 2008

The social consequences of structural adjustment cum agricultural dumping were predictable. According to Oxfam, the number of Africans living on less than a dollar a day more than doubled to 313 million people between 1981 and 2001 – or 46% of the whole continent. The role of structural adjustment in creating poverty, as well as severely weakening the continent’s agricultural base and consolidating import dependency, was hard to deny. As the World Bank’s chief economist for Africa admitted, “We did not think that the human costs of these programs could be so great, and the economic gains would be so slow in coming.”(4)

That was, however, a rare moment of candor. What was especially disturbing was that, as Oxford University political economist Ngaire Woods pointed out, the “seeming blindness of the Fund and Bank to the failure of their approach to sub-Saharan Africa persisted even as the studies of the IMF and the World Bank themselves failed to elicit positive investment effects.”(5)

The Case of Malawi

This stubbornness led to tragedy in Malawi.

It was a tragedy preceded by success. In 1998 and 1999, the government initiated a program to give each smallholder family a “starter pack” of free fertilizers and seeds. This followed several years of successful experimentation in which the packs were provided only to the poorest families. The result was a national surplus of corn. What came after, however, is a story that will be enshrined as a classic case study in a future book on the 10 greatest blunders of neoliberal economics.

The World Bank and other aid donors forced the drastic scaling down and eventual scrapping of the program, arguing that the subsidy distorted trade. Without the free packs, food output plummeted. In the meantime, the IMF insisted that the government sell off a large portion of its strategic grain reserves to enable the food reserve agency to settle its commercial debts. The government complied. When the crisis in food production turned into a famine in 2001-2002, there were hardly any reserves left to rush to the countryside. About 1,500 people perished. The IMF, however, was unrepentant; in fact, it suspended its disbursements on an adjustment program with the government on the grounds that “the parastatal sector will continue to pose risks to the successful implementation of the 2002/03 budget. Government interventions in the food and other agricultural markets…crowd out more productive spending.”

When an even worse food crisis developed in 2005, the government finally had enough of the Bank and IMF’s institutionalized stupidity. A new president reintroduced the fertilizer subsidy program, enabling two million households to buy fertilizer at a third of the retail price and seeds at a discount. The results: bumper harvests for two years in a row, a surplus of one million tons of maize, and the country transformed into a supplier of corn to other countries in Southern Africa.

But the World Bank, like its sister agency, still stubbornly clung to the discredited doctrine. As the Bank’s country director told the Toronto Globe and Mail, “All those farmers who begged, borrowed, and stole to buy extra fertilizer last year are now looking at that decision and rethinking it. The lower the maize price, the better for food security but worse for market development.”

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6de867  No.16751321

>>16751301

>>16751304

>>16751313

>>16404192

>The Presidential Advisory Committee on the Economy in Malawi, which was established by Brenthurst Foundation, is one of the many boards and advisory panels that he [Jonathan Oppenheimer] has sat on.

“Destroying African agriculture” – “From Exporter to Importer” – Part 4

https://www.tni.org/en/article/destroying-african-agriculture

4 June 2008

Fleeing Failure

Malawi’s defiance of the World Bank would probably have been an act of heroic but futile resistance a decade ago. The environment is different today. Owing to the absence of any clear case of success, structural adjustment has been widely discredited throughout Africa. Even some donor governments that once subscribed to it have distanced themselves from the Bank, the most prominent case being the official British aid agency that co-funded the latest subsidized fertilizer program in Malawi. Perhaps the motivation of these institutions is to prevent the further erosion of their diminishing influence in the continent through association with a failed approach and unpopular institutions. At the same time, they are certainly aware that Chinese aid is emerging as an alternative to the conditionalities of the World Bank, IMF, and Western government aid programs.

Beyond Africa, even former supporters of adjustment, like the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Washington and the rabidly neoliberal Economist acknowledged that the state’s abdication from agriculture was a mistake. In a recent commentary on the rise of food prices, for instance, IFPRI asserted that “rural investments have been sorely neglected in recent decades,” and says that it is time for “developing country governments [to] increase their medium- and long-term investments in agricultural research and extension, rural infrastructure, and market access for small farmers.” At the same time, the Bank and IMF’s espousal of free trade came under attack from the heart of the economics establishment itself, with a panel of luminaries headed by Princeton’s Angus Deaton accusing the Bank’s research department of being biased and “selective” in its research and presentation of data. As the old saying goes, success has a thousand parents and failure is an orphan.

Unable to deny the obvious, the Bank has finally acknowledged that the whole structural adjustment enterprise was a mistake, though it smuggled this concession into the middle of the 2008 World Development Report, perhaps in the hope that it would not attract too much attention. Nevertheless, it was a damning admission:

“ Structural adjustment in the 1980’s dismantled the elaborate system of public agencies that provided farmers with access to land, credit, insurance inputs, and cooperative organization. The expectation was that removing the state would free the market for private actors to take over these functions—reducing their costs, improving their quality, and eliminating their regressive bias. Too often, that didn’t happen. In some places, the state’s withdrawal was tentative at best, limiting private entry. Elsewhere, the private sector emerged only slowly and partially—mainly serving commercial farmers but leaving smallholders exposed to extensive market failures, high transaction costs and risks, and service gaps. Incomplete markets and institutional gaps impose huge costs in forgone growth and welfare losses for smallholders, threatening their competitiveness and, in many cases, their survival.”

In sum, biofuel production did not create but only exacerbated the global food crisis. The crisis had been building up for years, as policies promoted by the World Bank, IMF, and WTO systematically discouraged food self-sufficiency and encouraged food importation by destroying the local productive base of smallholder agriculture. Throughout Africa and the global South, these institutions and the policies they promoted are today thoroughly discredited. But whether the damage they have caused can be undone in time to avert more catastrophic consequences than we are now experiencing remains to be seen.

Notes (1) Charles Abugre, “Behind Crowded Shelves: as Assessment of Ghana’s Structural Adjustment Experiences, 1983-1991,” (San Francisco: food First, 1993), p. 87. (2) “Trade Talks Round Going Nowhere sans Progress in Farm Reform,” Business World (Phil), Sept. 8, 2003, p. 15 (3) Quoted in “Cakes and Caviar: the Dunkel Draft and Third World Agriculture,” Ecologist, Vol. 23, No. 6 (Nov-Dec 1993), p. 220 (4) Morris Miller, Debt and the Environment: Converging Crisis (New York: UN, 1991), p. 70. (5) Ngaire Woods, The Globalizers: the IMF, the World Bank, and their Borrowers (Thaca: Cornell University Press, 2006), p. 158. Published by Foreign Policy In Focus (FPIF), a project of the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS). Copyright © 2008, Institute for Policy Studies.

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6de867  No.16751340

“Satellite Imagery Shows Global Crop Declines – Except For Russia And China”

https://www.zerohedge.com/commodities/satellite-imagery-shows-global-crop-declines-except-russia-and-china

July 16, 2022

Infrared satellite imagery designed to measure moisture levels and the health of farmlands suggests that staple crops such as wheat are in poor condition and in sharp decline among major exporters including the Ukraine, the US and India. Two countries do have bumper crops so far though; namely Russia and China.

It is hard to say which governments and institutions monitor this data, but a few months ago a multitude of political leaders and global banks issued simultaneous warnings of a “global food shortage” and an impending crisis. Such institutions included the IMF, World Bank, the BIS and even the White House. So far, a perfect storm of stagflation, supply chain disruptions and poor weather conditions have combined to disrupt food production around the world.

Price inflation due to central bank stimulus measures has been enough to do incredible damage to the many national economies, but a single bad year for crops on top of this could spell disaster.

Russia and China, on the other hand, are enjoying a strategic advantage. As we entered spring of this year, the mainstream media heralded the end of the Russian economy and the swift collapse of their war efforts in Ukraine. Today, Russia is selling more oil and exporting more commodities than ever before, and both Russia and China now have the most healthy staple crops in the world. It's almost as if the public in the west has been deliberately misled about our economic strength.

Sadly, many people in the west have forgotten the importance of commodities, industry and energy in terms of geopolitical leverage. Without dominance of these three arenas there is no chance for a nation or group of nations to dictate terms to a country that has such advantages. Economic warfare is about independent production and adaptability; these are two things the US and Europe do not have right now.

With declines in crop exports, food prices will rise even further this year and there is also the possibility that Russia could cut off the EU and other nations from access to their agricultural market. Though the Kremlin says this will not happen, given the right trigger event it remains a legitimate threat. Already this month Europe is on the edge of an economic cliff as they wait to see if the Russian “maintenance shutdown” of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline is actually temporary, or the beginning of a full bore energy crisis that will last for years.

In other words, the temptation for the eastern nations to use food as a weapon against NATO countries will be just as high on their list as oil and gas. With food and energy stability in doubt there is also a considerable danger of civil unrest. Third world nations are likely to see the worst of the shortages, but price inflation in necessities is here to stay for first world countries as well. And along with that comes all the associated economic problems, including rising crime, rising unemployment and rising poverty.

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6de867  No.16751391

“HERE IS THE UPDATED LIST OF U.S.-BASED FOOD MANUFACTURING PLANTS DESTROYED” – Part 1

https://defconnews.com/2022/06/11/here-is-the-updated-list-of-u-s-based-food-manufacturing-plants-destroyed-under-the-illegitimate-biden-regime/

Below is the list of America’s 95 plants that have been destroyed, damaged or impacted by “accidental fires” or disease or general causes:

1. 4/30/21 A fire ignited inside the Smithfield Foods pork processing plant in Monmouth, IL

2. 7/25/21 Three-alarm fire at Kellogg plant in Memphis, 170 emergency personnel responded to the call

3. 7/30/21 Firefighters on Friday battled a large fire at Tyson’s River Valley Ingredients plant in Hanceville, Alabama

4. 8/23/21 Fire crews were called to the Patak Meat Production company on Ewing Road in Austell

5. 9/13/21 A fire at the JBS beef plant in Grand Island, Neb., on Sunday night forced a halt to slaughter and fabrication lines

6. 10/13/21 A five-alarm fire ripped through the Darigold butter production plant in Caldwell, ID

7. 11/15/21 A woman is in custody following a fire at the Garrard County Food Pantry

8. 11/29/21 A fire broke out around 5:30 p.m. at the Maid-Rite Steak Company meat processing plant

9. 12/13/21 West Side food processing plant in San Antonio left with smoke damage after a fire

10. 1/7/22 Damage to a poultry processing plant on Hamilton’s Mountain following an overnight fire

11. 1/11/22 A fire that destroyed 75,000-square-foot processing plant in Fayetteville

12. 1/13/22 Firefighters worked for 12 hours to put a fire out at the Cargill-Nutrena plant in Lecompte, LA

13. 1/31/22 a fertilizer plant with 600 tons of ammonium nitrate inside caught on fire on Cherry Street in Winston-Salem

14. 2/3/22 A massive fire swept through Wisconsin River Meats in Mauston

15. 2/3/22 At least 130 cows were killed in a fire at Percy Farm in Stowe

16. 2/15/22 Bonanza Meat Company goes up in flames in El Paso, Texas

17. 2/15/22 Nearly a week after the fire destroyed most of the Shearer’s Foods plant in Hermiston

18. 2/16/22 A fire had broken at US largest soybean processing and biodiesel plant in Claypool, Indiana

19. 2/18/22 An early morning fire tore through the milk parlor at Bess View Farm

20. 2/19/22 Three people were injured, and one was hospitalized, after an ammonia leak at Lincoln Premium Poultry in Fremont

21. 2/22/22 The Shearer’s Foods plant in Hermiston caught fire after a propane boiler exploded

22. 2/28/22 A smoldering pile of sulfur quickly became a raging chemical fire at Nutrien Ag Solutions

23. 2/28/22 A man was hurt after a fire broke out at the Shadow Brook Farm and Dutch Girl Creamery

24. 3/4/22 294,800 chickens destroyed at farm in Stoddard, Missouri

25. 3/4/22 644,000 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Cecil, Maryland

26. 3/8/22 243,900 chickens destroyed at egg farm in New Castle, Delaware

27. 3/10/22 663,400 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Cecil, MD

28. 3/10/22 915,900 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Taylor, IA

29. 3/14/22 The blaze at 244 Meadow Drive was discovered shortly after 5 p.m. by farm owner Wayne Hoover

30. 3/14/22 2,750,700 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Jefferson, Wisconsin

31. 3/16/22 A fire at a Walmart warehouse distribution center has cast a large plume of smoke visible throughout Indianapolis.

32. 3/16/22 Nestle Food Plant extensively damaged in fire and new production destroyed Jonesboro, Arkansas

33. 3/17/22 5,347,500 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Buena Vista, Iowa

34. 3/17/22 147,600 chickens destroyed at farm in Kent, Delaware

35. 3/18/22 315,400 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Cecil, Maryland

36. 3/22/22 172,000 Turkeys destroyed on farms in South Dakota

37. 3/22/22 570,000 chickens destroyed at farm in Butler, Nebraska

38. 3/24/22 Fire fighters from numerous towns are battling a major fire at the McCrum potato processing facility in Belfast.

39. 3/24/22 418,500 chickens destroyed at farm in Butler, Nebraska

40. 3/25/22 250,300 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Franklin, Iowa

41. 3/26/22 311,000 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

42. 3/27/22 126,300 Turkeys destroyed in South Dakota

43. 3/28/22 1,460,000 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Guthrie, Iowa

44. 3/29/22 A massive fire burned 40,000 pounds of food meant to feed people in a food desert near Maricopa

45. 3/31/22 A structure fire caused significant damage to a large portion of key fresh onion packing facilities in south Texas

46. 3/31/22 76,400 Turkeys destroyed in Osceola, Iowa

47. 3/31/22 5,011,700 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Osceola, Iowa

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6de867  No.16751398

>>16751391

“HERE IS THE UPDATED LIST OF U.S.-BASED FOOD MANUFACTURING PLANTS DESTROYED” – Part 2

https://defconnews.com/2022/06/11/here-is-the-updated-list-of-u-s-based-food-manufacturing-plants-destroyed-under-the-illegitimate-biden-regime/

48. 4/6/22 281,600 chickens destroyed at farm in Wayne, North Carolina

49. 4/9/22 76,400 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

50. 4/9/22 208,900 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

51. 4/12/22 89,700 chickens destroyed at farm in Wayne, North Carolina

52. 4/12/22 1,746,900 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Dixon, Nebraska

53. 4/12/22 259,000 chickens destroyed at farm in Minnesota

54. 4/13/22 Fire destroys East Conway Beef & Pork Meat Market in Conway, New Hampshire

55. 4/13/22 Plane crashes into Gem State Processing, Idaho potato and food processing plant

56. 4/13/22 77,000 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

57. 4/14/22 Taylor Farms Food Processing plant burns down Salinas, California.

58. 4/14/22 99,600 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

59. 4/15/22 1,380,500 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Lancaster, Minnesota

60. 4/19/22 Azure Standard nation’s premier independent distributor of organic and healthy food, was destroyed by fire in Dufur, Oregon

61. 4/19/22 339,000 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

62. 4/19/22 58,000 chickens destroyed at farm in Montrose, Color

63. 4/20/22 2,000,000 chickens destroyed at egg farm in Minnesota

64. 4/21/22 A small plane crashed in the lot of a General Mills plant in Georgia

65. 4/22/22 197,000 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

66. 4/23/22 200,000 Turkeys destroyed in Minnesota

67. 4/25/22 1,501,200 chickens destroyed at egg farm Cache, Utah

68. 4/26/22 307,400 chickens destroyed at farm Lancaster Pennsylvania

69. 4/27/22 2,118,000 chickens destroyed at farm Knox, Nebraska

70. 4/28/22 Egg-laying facility in Iowa kills 5.3 million chickens, fires 200-plus workers

71. 4/28/22 Allen Harim Foods processing plant killed nearly 2M chickens in Delaware

72. 4/2822 110,700 Turkeys destroyed Barron Wisconsin

73. 4/29/22 1,366,200 chickens destroyed at farm Weld Colorado

74. 4/30/22 13,800 chickens destroyed at farm Sequoia Oklahoma

75. 5/3/22 58,000 Turkeys destroyed Barron Wisconsin

76. 5/3/22 118,900 Turkeys destroyed Beadle S Dakota

77. 5/3/22 114,000 ducks destroyed at Duck farm Berks Pennsylvania

78. 5/3/22 118,900 Turkeys destroyed Lyon Minnesota

79. 5/7/22 20,100 Turkeys destroyed Barron Wisconsin

80. 5/10/22 72,300 chickens destroyed at farm Lancaster Pennsylvania

81. 5/10/22 61,000 ducks destroyed at Duck farm Berks Pennsylvania

82. 5/10/22 35,100 Turkeys destroyed Muskegon, Michigan

83. 5/13/22 10,500 Turkeys destroyed Barron Wisconsin

84. 5/14/22 83,400 ducks destroyed at Duck farm Berks Pennsylvania

85. 5/17/22 79,00 chickens destroyed at Duck farm Berks Pennsylvania

86. 5/18/22 7,200 ducks destroyed at Duck farm Berks Pennsylvania

87. 5/19/22 Train carrying limestone derailed Jensen Beach FL

88. 5/21/22 57,000 Turkeys destroyed on farm in Dakota Minnesota

89. 5/23/22 4,000 ducks destroyed at Duck farm Berks Pennsylvania

90. 5/29/22 A Saturday night fire destroyed a poultry building at Forsman Farms

91. 5/31/22 3,000,000 chickens destroyed by fire at Forsman facility in Stockholm Township, Minnesota

92. 6/2/22 30,000 ducks destroyed at Duck farm Berks Pennsylvania

93. 6/7/22 A fire occurred Tuesday evening at the JBS meat packing plant in Green Bay.

94. 6/8/22 Firefighters from Tangipahoa Fire District 1 respond to a fire at the Purina Feed Mill in Arcola

95. 6/9/22 Irrigation water was canceled in California (the #1 producer of food in the US) and storage water flushed directly out to the delta.

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6de867  No.16751410

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

“The SECRET Connection Between ANC And Farm Murders - Ernst Roets” – World planning to implement South African policies?

https://youtu.be/jz8PLKa_eC0

Ernst Roets is a civil rights activist, writer, and filmmaker in South Africa. He is Deputy CEO of civil rights group AfriForum and the CEO of the film production company Forum Films.

5:01 – “That was my message at CPAC, that the conservative movement (I’m using the word conservative in the broad sense of the word in the world) should learn from that we [South Africa] have experienced certain things that the rest of the world is still going to experience such as that certain policy ideas that people in America and Europe are flirting with have already been implemented in South Africa.”

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9ff6e4  No.16751618

File: dc1d449ab7824d9⋯.png (401.33 KB, 1200x620, 60:31, 1_The_Covid_RICO_Conspirat….png)

File: fdc76b7c16f0827⋯.png (354.85 KB, 1200x621, 400:207, 2_The_Covid_Privateers.png)

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>>16731550

>>16731557

“DR. DAVID MARTIN - FOLLOW THE PATENTS, THEN YOU WILL UNDERSTAND COVID” [VIDEO] – Revealing names which includes Patrice Motsepe

https://www.bitchute.com/video/002twteL0LQT/

Dr. David Martin is a professional physician, developer of advanced computer systems, advisor to industry & governments.

Other than that, he also has engaged as an author, professor, public speaker, business visionary and researcher.

Part 1 at Wise Traditions Conference 2021 on November 5, 2021

https://www.bitchute.com/video/fHhniBm4cyiM/

LINKS TO THE DOCUMENTS REFERENCED BY DR.DAVAID MARTIN:

1. Fauci/Covid 19 Dossier was written by Dr. David Martin - Please share this Dossier with your governors, sheriffs, local elected officials:

https://f.hubspotusercontent10.net/hubfs/8079569/The%20FauciCOVID-19%20Dossier.pdf

2. Slide - "A key driver is the media, and the economics follow the hype" …Investors will respond if they see profit at the end of the process, Daszak stated"

Here is the article in the medical journal where you find this statement:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK349040/

3. Slide - quote referencing Executive Order by D. Trump, September 19, 2019. The link is to Fauci's presentation in November 2019. He expanded on this Executive order, which has been presented on the slide by Dr. David Martin

Read on page 4 the same statement:

https://science.house.gov/imo/media/doc/Fauci%20Testimony.pdf

4. Episode 89 in which Dr. David Martin explains how Senator Rand Paul could have put an end to Antoni Fauci

https://rumble.com/vowz25-dr.-david-martin-political-theatre-with-rand-paul-who-tries-to-expose-fauci.html

Images of the slides can be viewed at the below link.

https://bluecat.media/the-covid-orchestra-names-and-faces-dr-david-martin-delivers-red-pill-revelation-at-redpill-expo/

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9ff6e4  No.16751686

>>16731550

>Dr Motsepe is a member Board of Trustees of the World Economic Forum (WEF)

>>16705474

>International Monetary Fund (IMF) chief Kristalina Georgieva

>>16751618

“World Economic Forum Appoints Two New Members to Board of Trustees” [24 January 2020, about the beginning of COVID] - Kristalina Georgieva and Patrice Motsepe

https://www.weforum.org/press/2020/01/world-economic-forum-appoints-two-new-members-to-board-of-trustees

24 January 2020

Geneva, Switzerland, 24 January 2020– Kristalina Georgieva, Managing Director at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Patrice Motsepe, Founder and Executive Chairman, African Rainbow Minerals (ARM), will join the Board of Trustees of the World Economic Forum. Both have a track record of thought leadership and long-term success in their field, which will contribute to strengthening the Forum’s platform for public-private cooperation.

“The World Economic Forum, as the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation, is delighted to welcome Kristalina Georgieva and Patrice Motsepe to its Board of Trustees. We look forward to working together to deliver positive, transformative solutions to our most critical global, regional and industry challenges,” said Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum.

As of 24 January 2020, the Members of the Board of Trustees of the World Economic Forum are:

Mukesh D. Ambani, Chairman and Managing Director, Reliance Industries Limited, India

Marc BENIOFF, Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer, Salesforce, USA

Peter BRABECK-LETMATHE, Vice-Chairman, Board of Trustees, World Economic Forum

Mark CARNEY, Governor of the Bank of England

Laurence D. FINK, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, BlackRock, Inc.

Chrystia FREELAND, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada

Orit GADIESH, Chairman, Bain & Company, USA

Kristalina GEORGIEVA, Managing Director, International Monetary Fund, Washington DC

Fabiola GIANOTTI, Director-General, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva

Al GORE, Vice-President of the United States (1993-2001); Chairman and Co-Founder, Generation Investment Management, USA

Herman GREF, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Sberbank, Russian Federation

Angel GURRÍA, Secretary-General, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Paris

André HOFFMANN, Non-Executive Vice-Chairman, Roche Holding Ltd, Switzerland

Christine LAGARDE, President, European Central Bank, Frankfurt

Jack MA, Alibaba Board of Directors, Alibaba Group, People’s Republic of China

Yo-Yo MA, Cellist

Peter MAURER, President, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Switzerland

Luis MORENO, President, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington DC

Patrice MOTSEPE, Founder and Executive Chairman, African Rainbow Minerals, South Africa

H.M. Queen Rania AL ABDULLAH, of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

L. Rafael REIF, President, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA

David M. RUBENSTEIN, Co-Founder and Co-Executive Chairman, Carlyle Group, USA

Mark SCHNEIDER, Chief Executive Officer, Nestlé SA, Switzerland

Klaus SCHWAB, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, World Economic Forum

Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM, Senior Minister and Coordinating Minister for Social Policies of Singapore

Jim Hagemann SNABE, Chairman, Supervisory Board, Siemens AG, Germany; Chairman, A.P. Møller-Maersk, Denmark

Feike SYBESMA, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Managing Board, Royal DSM, Netherlands

Heizo TAKENAKA, Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy of Japan (2002-2006)

Min ZHU, President, National Institute of Financial Research, People’s Republic of China; Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund, Washington DC (2011-2016)

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9ff6e4  No.16752102

“Gates Foundation Profits From Controversial South African Mines” [also Wellcome Trust]

https://www.newsmax.com/MatthewKlynsmith/Bill-Gates-Wellcome-trust-South-Africa-Mining/2015/05/29/id/647577/

29 March 2015

In case you missed what drives South Africa’s economy, it’s the mining industry.

But as is usual with any dangerous industry, there are the large-scale health and social issues that come with it. Thankfully there are organizations that work to address the health issues in mining areas. Here’s a paradox that’s not quite so well-known: The philanthropic organizations that sometimes commit to solving associated problems are also some of the biggest investors in the problems that cause them.

The Guardian released a report explaining that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Wellcome trust — responsible for saving countless lives through scientific research and healthcare programs — are also heavily invested in fossil fuel industries that have profound impacts on the health of local communities.

Both organizations are invested in the Rio Tinto mines, where employees and nearby residents complain that crowded mine shafts and dust pollution cause a host of respiratory diseases including silicosis, tuberculosis, and lung cancer. Locals who contract these diseases are directed to clinics and hospitals that are supported by the Africa Centre — whose primary donors include the Wellcome Trust and the Gates Foundation.

On the one hand these organizations are providing aid to people who desperately need it. On the other, they are making money off of the mines that bring about disease and destroy communities and the natural landscape.

This is an ethical debate with many arguments but one would find it hard to believe that either of these foundations truly believes in improving the lives of impoverished and ailing people when they are reaping the rewards of inflicting harm on them. If the Gates Foundation, and others like it, truly wants to impact the locals, maybe an investment in crucial safeguards is in order.

Matthew Klynsmith earned a business administration diploma at CTI in Cape Town, South Africa. He now works at Strategic Options as an associate partner. To read more reports from Matthew Klynsmith, Go Here Now.

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9ff6e4  No.16752130

File: d7ad96144c78a09⋯.jpg (32.17 KB, 507x390, 13:10, Authors.JPG)

File: 293795ebf2e282d⋯.jpg (37.24 KB, 464x732, 116:183, The_Conversation_AFRICA_Pa….JPG)

“South Africa has entered a new phase of the COVID pandemic: what that means” – Take note; authors, funders and partners [Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, WHO, Wellcome Trust, etc.]

https://theconversation.com/south-africa-has-entered-a-new-phase-of-the-covid-pandemic-what-that-means-183255

May 18, 2022

Confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 have been increasing in South Africa in recent weeks. This has been largely driven by two offspring – known as the BA.4 and BA.5 sub-lineages – of the Omicron variant first identified in South Africa late last year.

What’s notable about the most recent spike is that there are a number of differences between what the country is currently experiencing and the first four waves of COVID-19 in South Africa.

Firstly, nearly all South Africans now have some form of immunity. This is due to either having been exposed to the virus, or being vaccinated, or a combination of both .

Secondly, the current resurgence has only seen a small increase in hospitalisations. And, so far, a very minor increase in excess mortality.

Thirdly, the current resurgence is the result of a sub-lineages of the variant (Omicron) that caused the fourth wave. The shift to resurgences driven by sub-lineages rather than new variants potentially heralds a change in the evolutionary pattern of the virus and a move to it becoming endemic.

Lastly, the country currently has the lowest level of restrictions in place compared to any period since the start of the pandemic.

These differences matter because they have important implications for interpretation of COVID-19 trends and the associated response. They show that South Africa appears to have entered a new phase of the epidemic.

Disclosure statement

Michelle J. Groome receives funding from the South African Medical Research Council and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Juliet Pulliam receives funding from the South African Department of Science and Technology-National Research Foundation Centres of Excellence Programme, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the Wellcome Trust. She serves on the South African National Department of Health's Ministerial Advisory Committee on COVID-19 and is a core team member of the South African COVID-19 Modelling Consortium.

Sheetal Silal receives funding from the Wellcome Trust, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the World Health Organisation. She serves on the South African National Department of Health's Ministerial Advisory Committee on COVID-19 and is a core team member of the South African COVID-19 Modelling Consortium. She is a member of the WHO Immunization and vaccines related implementation research advisory committee (IVIR-AC)

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c71a97  No.16756492

“The Benefits of World Hunger” – United Nations Article

https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/benefits-world-hunger

http://web.archive.org/web/20220705153241/https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/benefits-world-hunger

We sometimes talk about hunger in the world as if it were a scourge that all of us want to see abolished, viewing it as comparable with the plague or aids. But that naïve view prevents us from coming to grips with what causes and sustains hunger. Hunger has great positive value to many people. Indeed, it is fundamental to the working of the world's economy. Hungry people are the most productive people, especially where there is a need for manual labour.

We in developed countries sometimes see poor people by the roadside holding up signs saying "Will Work for Food". Actually, most people work for food. It is mainly because people need food to survive that they work so hard either in producing food for themselves in subsistence-level production, or by selling their services to others in exchange for money. How many of us would sell our services if it were not for the threat of hunger?

More importantly, how many of us would sell our services so cheaply if it were not for the threat of hunger? When we sell our services cheaply, we enrich others, those who own the factories, the machines and the lands, and ultimately own the people who work for them. For those who depend on the availability of cheap labour, hunger is the foundation of their wealth.

The conventional thinking is that hunger is caused by low-paying jobs. For example, an article reports on "Brazil's ethanol slaves: 200,000 migrant sugar cutters who prop up renewable energy boom".1 While it is true that hunger is caused by low-paying jobs, we need to understand that hunger at the same time causes low-paying jobs to be created. Who would have established massive biofuel production operations in Brazil if they did not know there were thousands of hungry people desperate enough to take the awful jobs they would offer? Who would build any sort of factory if they did not know that many people would be available to take the jobs at low-pay rates?

Much of the hunger literature talks about how it is important to assure that people are well fed so that they can be more productive. That is nonsense. No one works harder than hungry people. Yes, people who are well nourished have greater capacity for productive physical activity, but well-nourished people are far less willing to do that work.

The non-governmental organization Free the Slaves defines slaves as people who are not allowed to walk away from their jobs. It estimates that there are about 27 million slaves in the world,2 including those who are literally locked into workrooms and held as bonded labourers in South Asia. However, they do not include people who might be described as slaves to hunger, that is, those who are free to walk away from their jobs but have nothing better to go to. Maybe most people who work are slaves to hunger?

For those of us at the high end of the social ladder, ending hunger globally would be a disaster. If there were no hunger in the world, who would plow the fields? Who would harvest our vegetables? Who would work in the rendering plants? Who would clean our toilets? We would have to produce our own food and clean our own toilets. No wonder people at the high end are not rushing to solve the hunger problem. For many of us, hunger is not a problem, but an asset.

Notes 1 Tom Phillipps, "Brazil's ethanol slaves: 200,000 migrant sugar cutters who prop up renewable energy boom". The Guardian. Online, 9 March 2007.
http://environment.guardian.co.uk/energy/story/0,,2030144,00.html

2 Free the Slaves. Online, 2007. http://www.freetheslaves.net/

About the author

George Kent

George Kent is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Hawaii. He works on human rights, international relations, peace, development and environmental issues, with a special focus on nutrition and children. He has written several books, the latest is Freedom from Want: The Human Right to Adequate Food.

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c71a97  No.16756506

“Sri Lanka Just Fell. What Do We Have to Do With It?” – (1 of 2)

https://www.commonsense.news/p/sri-lanka-just-fell-what-do-we-have?utm_source=substack&utm_medium=email

July 12, 2022

Sri Lanka has fallen. On Saturday, thousands of protesters stormed the presidential palace. While the angry and the aggrieved swam in the president’s pool, had a cookout on his lawn, lounged on his bed, and set fire to his residence, the president was spirited away to a naval ship off the Sri Lankan coast.

The proximate reason for the chaos is that the nation is bankrupt, suffering its worst financial crisis in decades. Millions are struggling to buy food, medicine and fuel. Between June 2021 to June 2022, food prices rose by 80 percent. Last month, annual inflation hit nearly 55 percent. Since the start of the pandemic, half a million people have fallen into poverty.

If you’ve never paid attention to the island country just off India’s southeastern coast, you might think this is just how it goes in developing nations. But the truth is that Sri Lanka had been gradually rebuilding itself—after decades of civil war and authoritarianism—and then this happened. We in the West had a lot to do with it.

The underlying reason for the fall of Sri Lanka is that its leaders—starting with former President Maithripala Sirisena and continuing with his successor, the recently deposed Gotabaya Rajapaksa—fell under the spell of Western green elites peddling organic agriculture and “ESG,” which refers to investments made following supposedly higher Environmental, Social, and Governance criteria. Sri Lanka has a near-perfect ESG score of 98—higher than Sweden (96) and the United States (51).

What does having such a high ESG score mean? In short, it meant that Sri Lanka’s two million farmers were forced to stop using fertilizers and pesticides, laying waste to its critical agricultural sector. (Never mind that Tesla has been booted from the ESG S&P Index, while Exxon Mobil is in the top ten. None of it makes much sense.)

To be sure, there were other factors behind Sri Lanka’s fall. Covid lockdowns and a 2019 bombing hurt tourism—an industry that usually generates between $3 billion and $5 billion a year. Sri Lanka racked up huge foreign debt, with China lending the country billions of dollars as part of its Belt and Road initiative. Transportation costs have rocketed 128 percent since May due to rising oil prices. And overall trends have not helped: Since 2012, growth has been declining.

But the biggest problem was Sri Lanka’s chemical fertilizer ban, which passed last year and was central to the country’s effort to comply with ESG.

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c71a97  No.16756522

“Sri Lanka Just Fell. What Do We Have to Do With It?” – (2 of 2)

https://www.commonsense.news/p/sri-lanka-just-fell-what-do-we-have?utm_source=substack&utm_medium=email

July 12, 2022

The numbers are shocking.

One-third of Sri Lanka’s farm lands were dormant in 2021 due to the fertilizer ban. Over 90 percent of Sri Lanka’s farmers had used chemical fertilizers before they were banned. After they were banned, an astonishing 85 percent experienced crop losses. Rice production fell 20 percent and prices skyrocketed 50 percent in just six months. Sri Lanka had to import $450 million worth of rice despite having been self-sufficient just months earlier. The price of carrots and tomatoes rose fivefold. All this had a dramatic impact on the more than 15 million people of the country’s 22 million people who are directly or indirectly dependent on farming.

Things were worse for smaller farmers. In the Rajanganaya region, where the majority of farmers operate two-and-a-half-acre lots, families reported 50 percent to 60 percent reductions in their harvest. “Before the ban, this was one of the biggest markets in the country, with tons and tons of rice and vegetables,” one farmer said earlier this year. “But after the ban, it became almost zero. If you talk to the rice mills, they don’t have any stock because people’s harvest dropped so much. The income of this whole community has dropped to an extremely low level.”

But the damage to tea was the key to Sri Lanka’s ruin. Before 2021, tea production generated $1.3 billion in exports annually. Tea exports paid for 71 percent of the nation’s food imports before 2021.

The fertilizer ban, starting in April 2021, changed everything. Four months after the ban took effect, the president, realizing that things were not going according to plan, lifted the ban on the import of chemical fertilizers—and then, two days later, reinstated it.

The results have been devastating and widely predicted by tea farmers, with exports crashing 18 percent between November 2021 and February 2022—reaching their lowest level in more than two decades.

“We don’t have enough chemical fertilizers,” Rajapaksa admitted in December 2021, “because we didn’t import them. There is a shortage.”

In May 2022, Sri Lanka failed to pay $77 million on its foreign debt repayments. That may seem like a small sum in the bigger scheme of things, but the default made it hard for Sri Lanka to borrow money. So, it devalued its currency, inflation rose 30 percent, and the government ran out of the cash it needed to import fuel, food and medicines.

What, exactly, were Rajapaksa and other Sri Lankan leaders thinking? Why did they engage in such a radical experiment with the most important industry in their country?

After World War II, Sri Lanka, like many poor nations, subsidized farmers to transition from biofertilizers, like manure, to chemical fertilizers in what is known as the Green Revolution. (This was popularized by Norman Borlaug, the Nobel Prize-winning agronomist.) Rice yields rose quickly, and the nation overcame chronic food shortages and started earning foreign revenue through the export of rubber and tea.

As yields rose, young people were able to get jobs in cities. Salaries increased—so much so that Sri Lanka became a middle-income nation.

But what looked like a dream to most Sri Lankans looked like a nightmare to many environmentalists in the West. In the 1970s, Stanford biologist Paul Ehrlich and other activists raged against the Green Revolution. They claimed that overpopulation would cause mass death and suffering and that humankind needed to play “triage.” In other words, we had to let some people die so the rest of us could live.

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c71a97  No.16756542

>>16752102

>>16752130

“World Economic Forum’s ‘Great Reset’ Plan for Big Food Benefits Industry, Not People” - Wellcome Trust, GlaxoSmithKline, Google, Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates, Bayer, Cargill, Syngenta, Unilever, etc. (1 of 2)

https://www.oval.media/en/world-economic-forums-great-reset-plan-for-big-food-benefits-industry-not-people/

02/06/2022

The Great Reset is about maintaining and empowering a corporate extraction machine and the private ownership of life.” — Vandana Shiva

The World Economic Forum’s (WEF) The Great Reset includes a plan to transform the global food and agricultural industries and the human diet. The architects of the plan claim it will reduce food scarcity, hunger and disease, and even mitigate climate change.

But a closer look at the corporations and think tanks the WEF is partnering with to usher in this global transformation suggests that the real motive is tighter corporate control over the food system by means of technological solutions.

Vandana Shiva, scholar, environmentalist, food sovereignty advocate and author, told The Defender, “The Great Reset is about multinational corporate stakeholders at the World Economic Forum controlling as many elements of planetary life as they possibly can. From the digital data humans produce to each morsel of food we eat.”

The WEF describes itself as “the global platform for public-private cooperation” that creates partnerships between corporations, politicians, intellectuals, scientists and other leaders of society to “define, discuss and advance key issues on the global agenda.”

According to WEF’s founder and executive chairman, Klaus Schwab, the forum is guided by the goal of positioning “private corporations as the trustees of society” to “address social and environmental challenges.”

In July, Schwab published a 195-page book, “COVID-19: The Great Reset,” in which he challenged industry leaders and decision makers to “make good use of the pandemic by not letting the crisis go to waste.”

TIME magazine (whose owner Marc Benioff is a WEF board member) recently partnered with the WEF to cover The Great Reset and to provide a “look at how the COVID-19 pandemic provides a unique opportunity to transform the way we live.”

The Great Reset is meant to be all-encompassing. Its partner organizations include the biggest players in data collection, telecommunications, weapons manufacturing, finance, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and the food industry.

The WEF’s plans for the “reset” of food and agriculture include projects and strategic partnerships that favor genetically modified organisms, lab-made proteins and pharmaceuticals and industrial chemicals as sustainable solutions to food and health issues.

For example, WEF has promoted and partnered with an organization called EAT Forum. EAT Forum describes itself as a “Davos for food” that plans to “add value to business and industry” and “set the political agenda.”

EAT was co-founded by Wellcome Trust, an organization established with funds from GlaxoSmithKline and which still has strategic partnerships with the drugmaker. EAT collaborates with nearly 40 city governments in Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, South America and Australia. The organization also assists the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in the “creation of new dietary guidelines” and sustainable development initiatives.

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c71a97  No.16756549

“World Economic Forum’s ‘Great Reset’ Plan for Big Food Benefits Industry, Not People” - Wellcome Trust, GlaxoSmithKline, Google, Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates, Bayer, Cargill, Syngenta, Unilever, etc. (2 of 2)

https://www.oval.media/en/world-economic-forums-great-reset-plan-for-big-food-benefits-industry-not-people/

02/06/2022

According to Federic Leroy, a food science and biotechnology professor at University of Brussels, EAT network interacts closely with some of the biggest imitation meat companies, including Impossible Foods and other biotech companies, which aim to replace wholesome nutritious foods with genetically modified lab creations.

“They frame it as healthy and sustainable, which of course it is neither,” Leroy told The Defender.

Impossible Foods was initially co-funded by Google, Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates. Recent lab results showed the company’s imitation meat contained glyphosate levels 11 times higher than its closest competitor.

EAT’s biggest initiative is called FReSH, which the organization describes as an effort to drive the transformation of the food system. The project’s partners include Bayer, Cargill, Syngenta, Unilever and even tech giant Google.

“Companies like Unilever and Bayer and other pharmaceutical companies are already chemical processors — so many of these companies are very well positioned to profit off of this new food business which revolves around processing chemicals and extracts needed to produce these lab-made foods on a global scale,” Leroy said.

In Schwab’s book, he discusses how biotechnology and genetically modified food should become a central pillar to repairing global food scarcity issues, issues which COVID has revealed and exacerbated.

He writes “global food security will only be achieved if regulations on genetically modified foods are adapted to reflect the reality that gene editing offers a precise, efficient and safe method of improving crops.”

Shiva disagrees. She told The Defender that the “WEF is parading fake science,” and “for Mr. Schwab to promote these technologies as solutions proves that The Great Reset is about maintaining and empowering a corporate extraction machine and the private ownership of life.”

EAT developed what it refers to as “the planetary health diet,” which the WEF champions as the “sustainable dietary solution of the future.” But according to Leroy, it’s a diet that’s supposed to replace everything else. “The diet aims to cut the meat and dairy intake of the global population by as much as 90% in some cases and replaces it with lab-made foods, cereals and oil,” he said.

Shiva further explained, “EAT’s proposed diet is not about nutrition at all, it’s about big business and it’s about a corporate takeover of the food system.”

According to EAT’s own reports, the big adjustments the organization and its corporate partners want to make to the food system are “unlikely to be successful if left up to the individual,” and the changes they wish to impose on societal eating habits and food “require reframing at the systemic level with hard policy interventions that include laws, fiscal measures, subsidies and penalties, trade reconfiguration and other economic and structural measures.”

But Shiva said this is the wrong approach, because “all of the science” shows that diets should be centered around regional and geographical biodiversity. She explained that “EAT’s uniform global diet will be produced with western technology and agricultural chemicals. Forcing this onto sovereign nations by multinational lobbying is what I refer to as food imperialism.”

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c71a97  No.16756767

>>16752102

>>16752130

>>16756542

>>16756549

“History of Wellcome” - Wellcome Trust

https://wellcome.org/who-we-are/history-wellcome

Henry Wellcome (1853-1936) was a pharmaceutical entrepreneur. He left us three things in his will: his wealth, his collection of historical medical items, and a mission to improve health through research.

Wellcome Trust

The Wellcome Trust was founded in 1936, in accordance with Henry Wellcome’s will, to improve health by supporting scientific research and the study of medicine. Funding for this mission came from the profits of the pharmaceutical business he had built up over 50 years.

In 1880, Silas Burroughs and Henry Wellcome, two pharmaceutical salesmen from America, started a new company in London called Burroughs, Wellcome & Co. They used mass production and proactive marketing to sell remedies and medicines throughout the UK and territories colonised by the British, building the company’s reputation on scientific rigour.

Henry Wellcome became a wealthy and prominent figure in the growth of the modern pharmaceutical industry. After his death in 1936 (Silas Burroughs had died in 1895), the company became the property of the newly formed Wellcome Trust, which used the profits to fund charitable activities supporting research related to health.

Despite financial difficulties after World War II, the business began to thrive again, pioneering a new approach to drug design. Successful products included the first leukaemia drug, immune suppressants for organ transplants, and antivirals such as AZT, the first drug approved to treat HIV.

Towards the end of the 20th century, the Wellcome Trust decided to sell the company, which is now part of GlaxoSmithKline and no longer has any ownership or governance relationship with Wellcome. We do work with GlaxoSmithKline, as we work with many other healthcare companies, when it helps us to achieve our mission.

The considerable proceeds from the sale gave the Wellcome Trust financial independence. Today, we invest in a wide range of financial assets around the world, and the returns from our portfolio – currently worth around £38 billion – fund everything we do.

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c71a97  No.16756816

File: 0a9311db402b395⋯.jpg (136.97 KB, 993x318, 331:106, pirbright_uspto_pat_no_101….jpg)

File: 1f732f9d1022f31⋯.jpg (109.31 KB, 687x261, 229:87, rhodes_200_year_plan.jpg)

>>16751618

>>16756767

“CORONAVIRUS UNCOVERS ROTHSCHILD LORD PIRBRIGHT AS KEY TO THE 140-YR. PILGRIMS SOCIETY MONOPOLY OVER WORLD CULTURE, COMMERCE & WAR” - Wellcome Trust

https://stateofthenation.co/?p=8136

Below are excerpts.

Lord Pirbright (Rothschild) and his banker cousins at N.M. Rothschild & Co. were godfathers of the 2nd Boer War concentration camps (1899-1902) to drive the French, Dutch and Germans out of South Africa

New Evidence: Leading London Jews were running the first modern war concentration camps where over 60,000 whites and blacks died, including more than 14,000 mostly white children who were subjected to Burroughs Wellcome & Co. (now Wellcome Trust–Coronavirus funder and GlaxoSmithKline) vaccine experiments

These Privy Council and Parliamentary records have been discovered after much difficulty and missing documents

Pirbright grew up in Ceylon on “The Rothschild Plantation” where they grew coffee and tea sold through their Rothschild-financed British East India Company. At age 45, Baron Pirbright became the British minister of trade and colonies (1885-1892). During those years just prior to the founding of the Pilgrims Society in 1902, Lord Pirbright promoted Cecil Rhodes, N.M. Rothschild, Alfred Milner and John Buchan in the Boer Wars.

Pirbright also coached Henry S. Wellcome and Sir Henry M. Stanley in their rapacious acquisition of valuable African poisons and cures used in extensive vaccine experimentation on human beings—including black and Boer (German, Dutch and French) prisoners they had put in concentration camps and performed fatal Wellcome Trust drug experiments. Pirbright gave Cecil Rhodes an almost free hand in the British South Africa Company to write laws, collect taxes and run his own police force in their new British Imperial-Fascist Corporatism model for reorganizing the British Empire while continuing to control the resources of their colonies, even after Home Rule was implemented (like Rio Tinto – global mining company [including uranium] that is also a Rothschild creation for the British Crown that the Monarch controls to this day), Viscount Alfred Milner, co-founder of the Pilgrims Society, was Rio Tinto chairman from 1923-1925, and earlier a director for many years.

(FEB. 20, 2020)—Once we discovered that the Coronavirus was created and patented (U.S. Pat. No. 10,130,701) by “The Pirbright Institute, Woking, Pirbright, Surrey,” we were compelled to learn more about this Pirbright organization and the village of Pirbright.

One of our conclusions from this investigation is that The Pirbright Institute is very evidently part of the Pilgrims Society’s 200-year Rhodes-ian plan to create an un-elected one-world government where America is made subservient to the Pilgrims Society and its United Nations. As we are just now discovering, Rhodes had a mentor for his 200-year plan.

The tracing of patent ownership lineage of “U.S. Pat. No. 10,130,701, Coronavirus” led us to The Pirbright Institute, Surrey, UK, near Woking and Guildford.

The man who appears to be the Pilgrims Society nexus point is not Cecil Rhodes, but rather Rhodes’ Rothschild family mentor Henry (Rothschild) de Worms, 1st Baron Pirbright, sometimes referenced simply as “Lord Pirbright” or “Baron Pirbright.)

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db194b  No.16757161

>>16717044

>>16698270

>Glencore’s client list is a roster of the world’s largest firms including BP, Total, Exxon Mobil, ConocoPhilips, Chevron, Vale, Rio Tinto, ArcelorMittal and Sony

>>16752102

>Both [Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Wellcome Trust] organizations are invested in the Rio Tinto mines

>>16756767

>The considerable proceeds from the sale gave the Wellcome Trust financial independence. Today, we invest in a wide range of financial assets around the world, and the returns from our portfolio – currently worth around £38 billion – fund everything we do.

>>16756816

>Viscount Alfred Milner, co-founder of the Pilgrims Society, was Rio Tinto chairman from 1923-1925, and earlier a director for many years.

“Rio Tinto's recent scandals” – “sexual harassment, bullying and racial discrimination”; “Indigenous site destroyed”; “Bougainville civil war”; “Equatorial Guinea probe” (Part 1)

https://www.rfi.fr/en/rio-tinto-s-recent-scandals

03/02/2022

Sydney (AFP) – Revelations of rape and sexual assault at Rio Tinto are the latest in a series of scandals to hit the global mining giant, which is listed in London and Sydney.

Here is a selection of Rio Tinto's recent problems:

'Deeply disturbing'

On Tuesday, Rio Tinto released a searing internal report showing that sexual harassment, bullying and racial discrimination were rife "throughout the company".

The 85-page report, based on one-on-one interviews and a survey of 10,000 staff, found that 21 women had reported actual or attempted rape or sexual assault in the past five years.

CEO Jakob Stausholm said the findings were "deeply disturbing".

"I offer my heartfelt apology to every team member, past or present, who has suffered as a result of these behaviours. This is not the kind of company we want to be," he said.

Indigenous site destroyed

In 2020, Rio admitted blowing up 46,000-year-old rock shelters at Juukan Gorge in Western Australia, destroying a priceless piece of the country's Aboriginal history.

Following public backlash and an investor revolt, then-CEO Jean-Sebastien Jacques and two other top executives were forced to resign.

The caves were one of the earliest known locations inhabited by Australia's Indigenous people and had contained some of the oldest Aboriginal artefacts ever found in the country.

Rio Tinto's then-chairman Simon Thompson apologised and said the company's 2020 successes which saw it pay out a record dividend to investors on the back of booming iron ore prices had been "overshadowed" by the destruction.

The site is considered sacred by the Puutu Kunti Kurrama and Pinikura people of Western Australia.

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db194b  No.16757175

>>16757161

“Rio Tinto's recent scandals” – “sexual harassment, bullying and racial discrimination”; “Indigenous site destroyed”; “Bougainville civil war”; “Equatorial Guinea probe” (Part 2)

https://www.rfi.fr/en/rio-tinto-s-recent-scandals

03/02/2022

Bougainville civil war

After decades of pressure, Rio Tinto agreed in 2021 to investigate the legacy of environmental damage and human rights abuses linked to its mine on the once war-torn Pacific island of Bougainville.

The now-shuttered Panguna copper and gold mine was at the centre of the brutal decade-long civil war in Bougainville, part of Papua New Guinea.

While in operation between 1972 and 1989, it was one of the South Pacific's largest mines.

Anger among locals over the environmental damage and distribution of profits fuelled an uprising and civil war that killed an estimated 20,000 people – 10 percent of the island's population at the time.

Clean-up costs are believed to be in the region of US$1 billion and have become prominent in the debate over Bougainville's independence from Papua New Guinea, which the island's residents overwhelmingly voted for in December 2019.

Equatorial Guinea probe

In 2017, Britain's Serious Fraud Office opened an investigation into "suspected corruption" surrounding Rio Tinto's development of the world's biggest untapped iron ore deposit in Equatorial Guinea.

A year earlier, Rio Tinto reported itself to regulators after an internal probe found US$10.5 million in "advisory services" payments had been made in relation to the project.

The company first secured exploration rights in the Simandou mountains in 1997.

In 2014, it sealed a US$20 billion deal with a consortium led by a Chinese state-run aluminium group to develop Simandou, which would have been Africa's biggest-ever mining and infrastructure venture.

The stake was later sold. The investigation is ongoing.

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a24987  No.16757362

>>16756816

The Pirbright Institute – “Our major stakeholders”; Wellcome Trust, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and so on

https://www.pirbright.ac.uk/partnerships/our-major-stakeholders

The Pirbright Institute is a publicly funded private company. We have a diverse range of major stakeholders, and receive strategic funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) which is part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).

Our major stakeholders are:

• Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)

• UK Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)

Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council (MRC) and other research funding agencies

International funding and disease control agencies, such as OIE, WHO, the European Commission, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

• Industrial producers of veterinary vaccines and antivirals

• Farmers and livestock keepers

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4c4033  No.16758646

>>16751370

I guess they only "follow the science" when it is convenient. Back in "The Day" I learned that plants take in those gasses such as Carbon Dioxide and release oxygen

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6de867  No.16762007

>>16758646

Exactly, and…

“Study: Global plant growth surging alongside carbon dioxide”

https://www.noaa.gov/news/study-global-plant-growth-surging-alongside-carbon-dioxide

April 20, 2017

A trace gas present in the atmosphere in miniscule amounts is helping scientists answer one of the biggest questions out there: Has plant growth increased alongside rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?

It turns out the answer is Yes – in a big way. A new study published in the April 6 edition of the journal Nature concludes that as emissions of carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels have increased since the start of the 20th century, plants around the world are utilizing 30 percent more carbon dioxide (CO2), spurring plant growth.

Plants take up CO2 when they photosynthesize, but they release it when they respire, decay or are burned. [What will the “scientists” do about that?]

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f5540e  No.16762122

“Sasol declares force majeure on petroleum products due to delays in oil shipments” – Other plants have already been shut down

https://www.africaninsider.com/business/sasol-declares-force-majeure-on-petroleum-products-due-to-delays-in-oil-shipments/

Cape Town – South Africa’s largest fuel producer, Sasol has reportedly declared a force majeure on petroleum products.

According to Fin24, this comes after the temporary shutdown of key refinery Natref on Friday due to delays in crude oil shipments.

“Sasol Oil has declared a Force Majeure on petroleum products as a result of delays in the arrival of crude oil shipments which are beyond Sasol Oil’s control. These delays have impacted availability of crude oil feedstock for processing at Natref, which necessitates the shutdown of its Natref refinery.

“In the circumstances, Sasol Oil will not be in a position to fully meet its commitments on the supply of all petroleum products from July 2022,” Sasol said in a statement as quoted by the report.

The oil company did not provide any details on what caused the shipment delay but instead said that it was engaging industry players and affected customers on the matter.

In the same breath, Sasol confirmed that a shipment finally arrived on Saturday, saying that it expected that Natref would be running at full capacity by end-July.

According to Bloomberg, Natref’s closure followed the suspension of production at a number of other facilities over the last two years.

Sapref, the country’s largest plant owned by Shell Plc and BP Plc, ceased operations ahead of a sale and was subsequently damaged by floods while State-owned PetroSA’s gas-to-liquids plant ran out of feedstock, said the report.

Engen oil refinery shut down after it caught fire while Glencore Plc’s Cape Town refinery closed down after an explosion at the facility.

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f5540e  No.16762197

>>16762122 - And then there is sabotage at Eskom. Coincidence?

“Eskom power station sabotaged — fifth time in a year”

https://www.biznews.com/energy/2022/05/20/eskom-power-station-sabotage

20 May 2022

I don’t know what the worker complement is at the five-times sabotaged Tutuka Power Station near Standerton, but with 20 staff suspended and three arrested, I can only wonder how the CEO of a privately owned, similar-sized enterprise would respond. What do you do when you’ve got that many suspected rotten apples threatening your very existence? In this case, it’s all of our business because it contributes to rolling blackouts and diminished quality of life. Dysfunction and a lack of skills is one thing, but outright sabotage to enrich criminal networks or strengthen the hand of labour – or whatever other possible nefarious reason might exist – goes well beyond the pale of anything civilised. Wholesale theft of spare parts, diesel, cables, and stones deliberately tossed into coal crushers … we can only hope our courts send out an unequivocal message if anyone is convicted. This is not power to the people. An injury to one power station is an injury to all. Article republished courtesy of MyBroadband. – Chris Bateman

Eskom has confirmed suspected sabotage was behind delays in returning a unit to service at its Tutuka Power Station near Standerton this past week.

The utility said criminals cut a cable while personnel were in final preparations for returning Tutuka unit 5 to service following an outage.

Earlier on Thursday, News24 reported the cable in question was a warming valve cable that a saboteur had severed using a grinder. “The damage to the cable delayed the unit’s return to service by three days as it took some time to locate the fault,” Eskom said.

“Once discovered, the cable was repaired in a short space of time. The return to service of unit 5 was then resumed.” However, only a few hours later on the same day, the station detected an air pressure drop, and the same unit’s turbine systems, which consume control air for operation were de-energised.

“It was later discovered that the control air pipe supplying the turbine systems had been cut with a power tool and the entire bend removed.”

The air pipe was welded back on and the system charged with control air before being normalised. Eskom said the unit was expected to return to service on Thursday.

The utility believes these incidents were deliberate acts of sabotage by someone who had access to the site where only employees could be and who knew the security features in the area quite well. “Eskom has laid criminal charges with the South African Police Service, and its forensic team is assisting with the investigation,” the utility said.

Fifth incident

This is the fifth incident of sabotage at Tutuka since March 2021. Eskom said it had reported all of the incidents to the police.

Earlier this week, the utility told MyBroadband it had suspended 20 workers from Tutuka for suspected theft and corruption. Three employees were also arrested.

In April 2022, Eskom CEO André de Ruyter revealed that the utility had to write off R1.3bn worth of spares at Tutuka because it could not track them down. Tutuka has a nameplate capacity of 3,654 MW, with each of its six units designed to produce up to 609 MW. However, the power station is Eskom’s worst-performing in its coal fleet, with an EAF of roughly 38%, well below the average of approximately 55%.

The power utility has implemented measures to improve security at all its power stations in general and Tutuka specifically, where additional security personnel and other security systems have been introduced.

These include 400 additional security personnel and the use of drones.

Eskom said while these measures had significantly improved security at Tutuka, including reducing cable theft incidents, incidents such as the latest showed there was an opportunity for further improvements to secure the facility and the supply of electricity.

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a24987  No.16763881

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

An excellent lecture! Does this not remind you of COVID? Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Forest Laboratories, are mentioned.

“Psychiatry & Big Pharma: Exposed - Dr James Davies, PhD”

https://youtu.be/-Nd40Uy6tbQ

Posted November 24, 2019

Why, without solid scientific justification, has the number of mental disorders risen from 106 in the 1960s, to around 370 today?

Why has the definition of mental disorder expanded to include ever more domains of human experience?

In the first part of this lecture, Dr James Davies will take us behind the scenes of how the psychiatrist’s bible, the DSM, was actually written – did science drive the construction of new mental disorder categories like ADHD and major depression or were less scientific and more unexpected processes at play? His exclusive interviews with the creators of the DSM reveal the answer.

The second part will address why psychiatry is such big business, and why, on the whole, it may be doing more harm than good. You’ll get insider knowledge on how psychiatry has put riches and medical status above patients’ well-being. The charge sheet is damning; negative drug trials routinely buried; antidepressants that work no better than placebos; research regularly manipulated to produce positive results; doctors, seduced by huge pharmaceutical rewards, creating more disorders and prescribing more pills; and ethical, scientific and treatment flaws unscrupulously concealed by mass-marketing.

You’ll learn the true human cost of an industry that, in the name of helping others, has actually been helping itself.

Dr James Davies graduated from the University of Oxford in 2006 with a DPhil in Social and Medical Anthropology.

He is a Reader in Social Anthropology and Mental Health at the University of Roehampton and a practicing psychotherapist. James has delivered lectures at universities such as Harvard, Yale, Oxford, Oslo, Brown, UCL and Columbia.

He has written for The Times, The New Scientist, The Guardian and Salon, and is author of the bestselling book: Cracked: why psychiatry is doing more harm than good.

James is the co-founder of the Council for Evidence-based Psychiatry, now secretariat to the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Prescribed Drug Dependence. His latest book: ‘Mental Health in Crisis’ will be published later this year.

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a24987  No.16763898

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16763881

“Gravitas Plus: How Big Pharma pushes dangerous drugs and reaps profits”

https://youtu.be/XCciAJJMt9Q

Posted January 9, 2022

The pandemic has revealed the power of big pharma. Major drug manufacturers and suppliers have the power to set prices, influence regulators and lobby lawmakers. This power has allowed big pharma to push potentially dangerous drugs. How? Palki Sharma tells you.

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882968  No.16767958

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16763881

“Big Psychiatry Weaponized for Deep State's Crazy NOW”

https://youtu.be/1uT1jiamAoM

Weaponized psychiatry is one of the key tools being used by the Deep State to usher in its diabolical New World Order, explains The New American magazine's Alex Newman in this episode of Behind The Deep State. For generations, psychiatry has been at the forefront of the movement for tyranny, even being used against dissidents to keep them locked up in horrific conditions in communist nations. Now, the UN World Health Organization is in the process of developing and imposing a global "mental health" regime that is extremely dangerous. Meanwhile, Alex explains that psychiatry is not like other medical fields: there are no objective tests, and psychiatrists themselves vote on what to classify as a "disorder."

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882968  No.16768293

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16767958

>>16763881

>1:10:24 – “I go to Amazon and I open the page and I stop and I look and I can’t believe what I am seeing. At that point, six months after DSM 5 was published, the highest selling book in the whole of the United States was DSM 5… So who was buying this book?… she said from my experience in the New York state area where I work in primary care, what’s happening is the pharmaceutical industry is buying DSM in bulk and then distributing it for free to clinicians up and down the country and that is why the sales are so high.

>1:40:54 – “I quickly learned was that there’s a huge disjunct between the people who sat on these committees thought about the process and how this process was represented by the private corporation, the American Phsychiatric Association (APA), which incidentally… funds a lot of its operational costs from publication of DSM. DSM makes the APA about $6 million a year in publication revenue. The APA had vested interest in representing this as a piece of science whereas the people on the committees were quite clear that it was a hugely problematic endeavor and important endeavor as they believed. An endeavor that would improve the state of psychiatric diagnosis, improve its reliability, etc. and so forth. But not to the extent that it was being represented by the APA. So I think what I encountered was what the APA had sort of covered over and led people to believe didn’t exist. Could I give you another example of how the APA does this? I wanted to speak to the people who wrote DSM 5. So I contacted the APA and said could I do so. I want to understand the processes that went on behind the scenes as I did with DSM 3 and DSM 4 and it turns out that I wasn’t allowed to speak to anyone involved in DSM 5 because all of them were asked to sign confidentiality agreements prohibiting them from speaking to anybody, any academic, any journalists, about what went on behind the scenes in the construction of DSM 5. So I said, well can I just consult the archives then. Yeah? I mean I’m a researcher and they said we can’t do that either and I said, why not? Because they’ve all been embargoed for 20 years post-publication. So we cannot work out what went on behind the scenes. And so the APA has a vested interest in keeping this hidden.

“Plot Against Guns is Not About Safety, but Tyranny”

https://youtu.be/W5BD9dfIuzI

The Deep State war on the gun rights of Americans, supposedly a response to a number of recent mass shootings, has nothing to do with public safety, and everything to do with disarming victims so they can be more effectively oppressed, warns The New American magazine’s Alex Newman in this episode of Behind The Deep State. In fact, data and common sense both show that disarming law-abiding citizens worsens public safety, allowing criminals free rein. In this episode, Alex also talks about how and why state and local authorities MUST resist this Deep State attack on the Second Amendment-protected right to Keep and Bear Arms.

1:57 – “The last thing in the universe that the big pharmaceutical companies need is more taxpayer money but this is the trap. Right? This is what the deep state always does. They create a problem or they manufacture a problem or they exploit a problem and then they give you 2 options and it’s always the same thing. Heads they win, tails you lose. So that’s where we are now either heads we give more money to the big pharmaceutical companies, put more people on crazy drugs, lock more people up in insane asylums and take away more freedom under the guise of mental health or we take away your guns and remove your right to defend yourself or some combination of the two if we’re going to do a compromise.

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882968  No.16768430

“Food Crisis Being Engineered by the Deep State”

https://youtu.be/4UHWRctEBrE

May 23, 2022

Catastrophic food shortages and even famine are being engineered by the Deep State in a bid to centralize control over the food supply and ultimately the population of the planet, warns The New American magazine's Alex Newman in this episode of Behind The Deep State. Key globalist Deep State operatives such as Henry "New World Order" Kissinger have flirted with the idea of food shortages as a population-control weapon for generations. The goals are clear. And now, thanks to deliberate policy decisions taken by Deep State-controlled governments and organizations, a true food crisis of global proportions is emerging. Newman also provides ideas on how to deal with the coming threat–before it's too late. You will want to share this one with your friends and family!

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882968  No.16768438

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16768430

>https://youtu.be/4UHWRctEBrE

Embedded

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882968  No.16768451

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

“Global War on Farmers by Deep State Threatens EVERYTHING”

https://youtu.be/i8Aw7S10uLU

The war on farmers and ranchers is not just happening in Holland or the United Statesit is global, ranging from Brazil and South Africa to Chinawarns The New American magazine's Alex Newman in this episode of Behind The Deep State. The goal is to totally restructure the food supply so that all production is in the hands of Deep State-controlled mega-corporations and governments. In the Netherlands, under the guise of stopping "nitrogen," the Dutch government is seeking to destroy huge swaths of that nation's agricultural sector. In Brazil, the pretext was giving land to Indians. In South Africa, the war on farmers has been especially brutal, and is being carried out under the guise of wealth redistribution. In China, it's happening under the guise of "efficiency." In the United States, it's happening to supposedly protect the environment, lands, "endangered" animals, the "climate," and much more. Ultimately, the devastation will help the Deep State exert far more control over humanity by having total control over all food and lands. The war on energy is happening in tandem.

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882968  No.16768459

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

“Dark Times Before The Dawn: Daniel Natal Interview” – Great Interview

https://youtu.be/xdDYaPlPEb0

Explains why a republic decays into a democracy (mob rule) which is socialism (promising free stuff). He also discusses the difference between a dictatorship and a totalitarian state as well as Big Tech’s technology came from the military, synthetic famines.

10:32 – “Aristotle, when he described democracy, it’s very clear he was saying what we described as socialism today. The term socialism was only coined in the 1830s by French philosopher. Aristotle, when he described a democracy, he said that in a time of democracy demagogues would rise up and these demagogues would manipulate the people. They would bribe their way into power by offering free food, free housing, free health care. He actually says this in politics.

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882968  No.16768472

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16697445

“The Psychology of Totalitarianism”

https://youtu.be/v2NftKNm1hU

What is the difference between a dictatorship and a totalitarian state? Answer: A dictator only controls one institution (namely, government). In a totalitarian state, by contrast, the ruler lays claim to ALL the society's institutions: government, economics, religion, media, art, marriage, etc. They are all amassed into a single integrated system. In other words, there is no separation of church and state, or a separation of business from government, or a separation of any of the institutions from the centralized power structure. As this system emerges, a new populace has to be cultivated: One used to powerlessness, passivity, dogmatism. Watch as we explore the psychology of such subjects in a totalitarian state.

9:48 – “Towards the end he reminded me of Mark Penn’s book “Microtrends Squared”. In it there is a chapter called “The Impressionable Elites” whereby he documents studies that demonstrate that an inverse relationship exist between critical thinking facilities and the amount of time someone spends in a university. That is to say that people who went to trade schools have better developed critical thinking facilities than someone who earned a degree in a university. It gets even worse as the degrees get higher. The more times spent inside an institution of higher learning, the less one can think rationally and rather relies on appeals to authority for authority. As Noam Chomsky said, universities are not selection mechanisms for intelligence but for conformity.”

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26663d  No.16768988

File: c1dbf0df191b39c⋯.mp4 (3.36 MB, 720x960, 3:4, Victim_Defends.mp4)

File: a48e47accc8081a⋯.jpg (72.34 KB, 696x749, 696:749, Roman_Cabanac_Tweet.JPG)

https://twitter.com/RomanCabanac/status/1549706831836155906?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1549706831836155906%7Ctwgr%5E%7Ctwcon%5Es1_&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.thesouthafrican.com%2F

“Step aside, Leo Prinsloo…Another SA ‘Rambo’ fights off robbers [watch]”

https://www.thesouthafrican.com/lifestyle/breaking-krugersdorp-man-fight-off-robbers-viral-video-leo-prinsloo-leos-guide-to-not-becoming-a-statistic-south-africa-crime-watch/

Time to add ‘Leo’s Guide to Not Becoming a Statistic’ to our library? This Krugersdorp man fought off three robbers in broad daylight!

With trust in police and civilian protection from our men in blue at an all-time low, South Africans have been left to “Chuck Norris” their way out of life-threatening situations and attacks. A Krugersdorp man went viral on social media after he fought off three men with only a knife!

According to the crime statistics from the South African Police Service (SAPS) between July and September 2021, more than 7 000 motor vehicle thefts occurred in Gauteng.

With crime on the rise in Mzansi, South Africans may have to add Leo’s Guide to Not Becoming a Statistic — the book by Leo Prinsloo, the fearless CIT driver who made international headlines as South Africa’s own “Rambo” last year — to their library.

KRUGERSDORP MAN GOES VIRAL FOR FIGHTING OFF ROBBERS

In a tweet posted by @RomanCabanac on Wednesday 20 July, a man from Krugersdorp in Gauteng was fighting off robbers who seemed to be gunning for his vehicle, a Toyota 4×4.

It was three against one, but that didn’t matter for this brave South African. He quickly whipped out his knife and pointed it in the robbers’ direction leaving them terrified.

All three robbers casually walked away from the scene, but a local woman captured the entire thing on her cellphone!

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9ff6e4  No.16769666

File: 18e900d001ef241⋯.jpg (83.26 KB, 955x767, 955:767, Balkan_Serbian_Gangsters_A….JPG)

File: b0a8e3697adffa5⋯.jpg (128.08 KB, 845x749, 845:749, Balkan_Arkan_Funeral.JPG)

“Serbian Gangsters’ Deadly South African Connection” Part 1

https://balkaninsight.com/2018/11/12/serbian-gangsters-deadly-south-african-connection-11-08-2018/

November 12, 2018

When four Serbian criminals with South African links were murdered in interlinked shootings, media speculated it was revenge for the killing of wartime paramilitary boss Arkan, but the murders actually showed how violence follows Serbian gangsters wherever they go.

Dobrosav Gavric is spending his days behind bars in South Africa, a long way from his homeland, awaiting a final decision on whether he will be sent back to Serbia to serve a prison sentence for killing the most notorious paramilitary leader of the 1990s wars – Zeljko Raznatovic, alias Arkan.

Gavric was convicted of murdering warlord Arkan in 2000 in Belgrade, but fled to South Africa to avoid serving his sentence. He is now facing extradition after South Africa’s Constitutional Court decided in late September that he could be sent back to Serbia, where he had argued that his life would be in danger.

He was caught after being wounded in a drive-by shooting in 2011, but despite his predicament, Gavric might consider himself lucky – several other Serbs who were convicted of involvement in the killing of Arkan or had relocated to South Africa to pursue their criminal activities have been murdered this year. Three were shot in South Africa, and another in Belgrade.

Some of the victims had fled Serbia to avoid going to prison, but the country in which they hoped to enjoy refuge from the law became the place where they met their violent deaths. Only Gavric survived, but now a Serbian jail seemingly awaits him – showing how Serbian gangsters’ dreams of operating freely abroad can deliver the same fate that they sought to escape at home.

Criminal fugitive finds African haven

On October 9, 2006, a court in the Serbian capital sentenced Gavric to 35 years in prison for shooting Arkan in the lobby of Belgrade’s Intercontinental Hotel. Two accomplices were given 30 years each.

Arkan had been the leader of the Serbian Volunteer Guard, also known as the Tigers, one of the most feared Serb paramilitary units of the Balkan wars, and had been indicted the previous year by the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia, which accused him of committing war crimes in north-west Bosnia in 1995.

During the trial, it was not established who ordered and organised his murder. Some believe that Arkan was shot as a result of a conflict over money with a gangster called Zoran Uskokovic ‘Skole’. Others believe that he was killed because he had begun to collaborate with the UN prosecutors in The Hague.

Court proceedings were restarted several times, but all the while Gavric regularly attended the proceedings – until the day of sentencing came, when he didn’t show up.

Gavric had fled Serbia, and was not heard of again until almost five years later, when it was discovered that he was living in South Africa. By that time, he working as a driver and bodyguard for a Cape Town underworld boss, Cyril Beeka, it eventually emerged when the South African gangster was shot dead in March 2011.

Mandy Wiener, a South African investigative journalist, told BIRN that after the murder of Beeka, local media reported that he had been accompanied at the time of his death by a bodyguard called Sase Kovacevic, a Serbian who had been in South Africa for a few years and was fairly well-known in Johannesburg poker circles.

Kovacevic co-owned a few businesses in the city, according to Wiener, and had also got to know a crime boss of Czech origin, Radovan Krejcir, and his circle of Eastern European associates.

“The incredible truth about Kovacevic’s real identity only emerged after the shooting [of Beeka], although South African police had been aware of it for around six months,” Wiener recalled in her book ‘Ministry of Crime’.

“Kovacevic was, in fact, Dobrosav Gavric, a Serbian fugitive.”

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9ff6e4  No.16769680

File: f17707ea19603ec⋯.jpg (65.46 KB, 940x700, 47:35, Balkan_timeline_sa.jpg)

File: 855c9645607ddcf⋯.jpg (38.69 KB, 940x680, 47:34, Balkan_map_of_the_shooting….jpg)

File: a4ad5ca8280a4bf⋯.jpg (73.53 KB, 940x800, 47:40, Balkan_the_hit_list_sa.jpg)

>>16769666

“Serbian Gangsters’ Deadly South African Connection” Part 2

https://balkaninsight.com/2018/11/12/serbian-gangsters-deadly-south-african-connection-11-08-2018/

November 12, 2018

After Beeka’s killing, Gavric was arrested and charged with unlawful possession of 9.524 grammes of cocaine and with having false documents – a driver’s licence, a passport and a firearms permit under the name of Sasa Kovacevic.

It turned out that Gavric had obtained a passport from Bosnia and Herzegovina under the name of Sasa Kovacevic and fled Serbia via Croatia, Italy and Cuba to Ecuador. In 2007, he travelled to South Africa, where he kept using the alias of Kovacevic.

He came on a three-month visitor’s visa, then brought in his wife and two children, and bought a luxurious apartment overlooking the Cape Town waterfront.

He obtained a business visa under his wife’s name, which enabled him to open a restaurant in Johannesburg. He was also able to set up an import-export business and began to establish relationships with local crime boss Beeka and his network.

“So it was that for over three years, a highly sought-after international fugitive was living under an alias in South Africa with no one any the wiser. He was even able to secure business, driving and gun licences by using his fake passport. But towards the end of 2010, his identity did become known to intelligence agents and some suggest he might even have been working with the state to provide information,” Wiener wrote in her book.

A source close to Beeka told the Mail and Guardian newspaper: “Gavric came to South Africa’s underground and when he got here he was offered protection by Cyril Beeka in return for intelligence on Eastern Europe, gangs, drugs, etc. The deal was that he would get protection about his identity from ‘the [South African state] agencies’ and in return he promised them information on all the organisations from Eastern Europe and Serbia.”

On the day of the murder, Beeka was chatting to Gavric, reminiscing about his youth, when gunmen opened fire as they stopped at a traffic light.

“I was the driver and Cyril was seated in the front passenger seat. I saw something stop, but it was out of the corner of my eye,” Gavric said in a statement to police after the shooting.

“The next thing I recall was hearing two loud bangs going off. I was hit in my right arm as well as my left one and I noticed that Cyril had been hit in the chest. It sounded like a shotgun went off. There was smoke and glass and I was confused,” he added.

Gavric fought back, opening fire on the assailants, Wiener wrote in her book. He slammed the car into reverse, then pursued the motorbike, firing several shots at the hitmen, despite having taken a number of bullets to his own body.

“The next thing I recall was my motor vehicle lifting from the ground and I lost control,” he said in the police statement. Beeka died at the scene and Gavric was airlifted to hospital in a critical condition.

Gavric’s present whereabouts are unknown. Some sources told BIRN that he has been in custody at Goodwood Correctional Facility near Cape Town since December 2011, while others said that he is being kept hidden under a state protection programme.

Beeka’s murderer was never caught, but Wiener said she thought Gavric was probably not a target in South Africa: “I don’t know if anyone is after Gavric here. Maybe from Serbia but I don’t think from the South African side. Unless he saw who killed Cyril Beeka when he was driving the car and he could testify against them.”

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9ff6e4  No.16769696

File: 457324ea6b1a56a⋯.jpg (82.97 KB, 840x600, 7:5, Balkan_Djuricic_and_Gavric.JPG)

>>16769666

>>16769680

“Serbian Gangsters’ Deadly South African Connection” Part 3

https://balkaninsight.com/2018/11/12/serbian-gangsters-deadly-south-african-connection-11-08-2018/

November 12, 2018

Serbian gangsters ‘feared and respected’

The two men convicted in 2006 as accomplices to Arkan’s murder were Milan ‘Miki’ Djuricic and Dragan ‘Gagi’ Nikolic.

Djuricic also went on the run and there was no information about his whereabouts for many years after he fled Serbia – until April 25, 2018, when he was murdered in Johannesburg in South Africa.

He was driving a jeep when three men attacked and killed him. He had a fake Belgian passport at the time.

A BIRN source in South Africa said that Djuricic had been living in Johannesburg for the previous three years and had a small business involving hotels, but that he was mostly involved in human trafficking and the drug trade. The source said that he was a “small fish” compared to Gavric.

Mile Novakovic, the former chief of Serbia’s Criminal Police Administration, said that both Djuricic and Gavric did not have a major role in criminal circles in the Balkans. He believes that their lowly status was why they were chosen to assassinate Arkan. “No one from high criminal circles would dare to take part in the execution of the number one state criminal,” Novakovic said.

But foreign criminals like Gavric are regarded as useful resources by local gangs, said South African security expert Mark Bolhuis.

“If you are an established mafia guy, especially if you are a Serb, you are automatically feared and respected in the underworld. There is information that you can be very dangerous, or very useful, or you can be a hitman or be part of a mafia organisation,” Bolhuis told BIRN.

“Once a gangster from overseas comes over they are accepted amongst gangs with open arms. Local gangs believe they can learn a lot from them and get lots of money. And then they hire them for different jobs – especially murders,” he added.

Bolhuis said that Serbian gangsters made contacts with local crime chiefs like Gavric’s employer, Cyril Beeka, and Radovan Krejcic, the underworld boss who originally came from the Czech Republic.

Krejcic is currently serving a 35-year prison sentence in South Africa after being found guilty of attempted murder, assault and kidnapping, amongst other things.

“In Africa, there was no bigger gangster than Krejcir,” Bolhuis said. “Many people got hurt by him and because of him. He did not work alone, of course, but he brought in people from abroad who were trained to kill. He had great ties to all the police chiefs, customs, municipality, government officials. But primarily with police chiefs.”

However Vojislav Tufegdzic, the author of ‘See You in the Obituaries’, a well-known book and documentary about the underworld in what was Yugoslavia during the 1990s, believes that media outlets in Serbia can be prone to exaggerating the importance of Serbian criminals abroad.

“Gavric was wounded in South Africa once again as a driver or bodyguard to a South African major criminal, certainly not as a person who had any bigger role on his own than in this country,” Tufegdzic said.

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9ff6e4  No.16769705

File: 60ad42e9c98d439⋯.jpg (73.55 KB, 863x665, 863:665, Balkan_Darmanovic.JPG)

>>16769666

>>16769680

>>16769696

“Serbian Gangsters’ Deadly South African Connection” Part 4

https://balkaninsight.com/2018/11/12/serbian-gangsters-deadly-south-african-connection-11-08-2018/

November 12, 2018

Death of an ‘information whore’

The third Serbian with South African connections who was killed this year was George Darmanovic, a South African state security agent and mafia mediator.

He was shot outside a court in the New Belgrade district of the Serbian capital by two men on a motorcycle in May, less than two weeks after Djuricic was killed.

Darmanovic was well-connected all the way to the top in South Africa, and played a crucial role that crossed over between official intelligence structures and people in the criminal underworld, said Wiener.

“He obviously had his own motives and his own political agendas but he was very successful at working both sides and passing intelligence from organised crime to the state and back again,” she claimed.

Bolhuis said this could have been the reason for his demise: “Darmanovic had a target pinned to his back for the last three years because he was a man with a very bad reputation,” the security expert explained.

“We use the term ‘information whore’ for such people. He sold information to anyone he could – whether the authorities, the police, one gang, the other gang, within the gang,” he added.

Bolhuis explained that Darmanovic worked by collecting information for whoever hired him, but at the same time he delivered information to the other side as well, and then also sold that information to the police.

Wiener said that Darmanovic always seemed to have the inside scoop on anything that happened in South Africa and lots of people spoke to him, from Crime Intelligence officers to private investigators. He was a nodal figure who peddled information, although it wasn’t always accurate, sources in South Africa said.

Darmanovic had been living in Serbia for the last four years before his death but he always had his finger on the pulse in South Africa, according to Wiener. “He was often the first one to let me know about a local development. Recently I had been receiving a flurry of messages for him in response to info that had come out in the Ministry of Crime. He knew everything about everything but often I struggled to make sense of all he had to say and there wasn’t always clarity.”

She said that she did not expect that Darmanovic to be killed, however.

“I wasn’t aware of any kind of hit that had been ordered on him here and I think a lot of people were very surprised,” she said.

“There is a lot of talk here in South Africa about who could be responsible and could it be linked to turf wars in the security industry in Cape Town. But to be honest I think it must have something to do with his business in Serbia. I don’t believe someone in South Africa would have been able to carry out the hit in Serbia,” she added.

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9ff6e4  No.16769724

File: c825c6eb80ac756⋯.jpg (45.65 KB, 850x656, 425:328, Balkan_Mihaljevic.JPG)

>>16769666

>>16769680

>>16769696

>>16769705

“Serbian Gangsters’ Deadly South African Connection” Part 5

https://balkaninsight.com/2018/11/12/serbian-gangsters-deadly-south-african-connection-11-08-2018/

November 12, 2018

The elusive Arkan connection

On July 17 this year came a third killing of a Serbian expatriate criminal in South Africa, Darko Kulic, who died in a drive-by shooting in Johannesburg. South African media have reported that it appears that the three victims were acquainted.

A source from the South African police told BIRN that they are “investigating whether the murders of Miki Djuricic, Gorgi George Darmanovic and Darko Kulic are connected to each other”.

Then on September 24, a fourth man was killed. Djordje ‘George’ Mihaljevic, a well-known businessman of Serbian/Montenegrin origin with ties to the Serbian underworld in South Africa, was shot dead in Johannesburg by two men on motorbikes. Mihaljevic was apparently best friends with the murdered Kulic, and also knew Darmanovic.

Serbian media have suggested the spate of murders was belated revenge for the killing of warlord Arkan in 2000, but South African experts believe that the criminals who fled Serbia died because they came into conflict with local gangsters after setting themselves up in business in their adopted country.

Mile Novakovic, former chief of Serbia’s Criminal Police Administration, said he thinks that the murders of Djuricic and Kulic in Johannesburg and Darmanovic in Belgrade had nothing to do with Arkan’s death.

“It’s been 18 years since Arkan’s murder and there is no one who would now care to avenge the ‘Commander’, as they called him. The murder of Djuricic in Johannesburg was a local showdown,” Novakovic insisted.

Tufegdzic also said he was sure that the murders were not revenge for Arkan’s death. “These fairy-tale theories are without merit,” he declared.

Bolhuis said that the Serbian gangsters came to South Africa because it is a “lucrative country for crime”, with “corrupt police and other officials” – but sometimes find that their safe haven from the judiciary at home can be more dangerous than a Serbian prison sentence.

“I expect more people will get hurt. There is no fairness or honour among criminals. At one point they will go for one another,” the South African security expert said. “If anyone touches their money, their families or disrespects them, they will make sure that these persons are punished, usually with a murder, in order to intimidate people who are cooperating.”

“Among criminals, there is no honour,” he added. “Those who live by the sword, die by the sword.”

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9ff6e4  No.16770214

File: 5e7a3ef1eea7068⋯.jpg (64.96 KB, 929x672, 929:672, Darko_Savic.JPG)

>>16769666

>>16769680

>>16769696

“Whistle-blower links Serbian drug lords, SA gangs” - Dobrosav Gavric

https://www.iol.co.za/news/whistle-blower-links-serbian-drug-lords-sa-gangs-1213613

January 16, 2012

The head of a Balkan cocaine and crime syndicate is hiding out in South Africa under the protection of local gang bosses, underworld sources reveal.

Fugitive Darko Savic – one of the world’s most wanted drug smugglers – is living under a different alias here, right under the noses of the authorities.

And local crime bosses are helping him avoid detection by using their network of corrupt cop contacts.

The revelation comes after the Daily Voice last week revealed how Serbian hitman Dobrosav Gavric lived in the Mother City for three years under the protection of slain crime boss Cyril Beeka.

Beeka’s murder lifted the lid on the shadowy links between international crime syndicates and local mobsters.

Today in an exclusive interview with the Daily Voice, a veteran former gangster turned whistle-blower confirms long-suspected links between SA crime gangs and Serbian drug lords.

And he provides a chilling insight into a series of high-profile murders – including Beeka’s killing in March last year.

In an interview with the Daily Voice, the terrified ex-dik ding reveals how:

n He is now on the run and fears for his life after his mob bosses turned against him;

n Someone “very near” to Cyril Beeka would have murdered him if the other attempt on his life failed;

n Hitmen use their cop contacts to confirm the identities of targets before having them whacked;

n International fugitive Darko Savic is hiding out in Gauteng with the help of local crime bosses.

In an interview with the Daily Voice from his hideaway in George, Eastern Cape, the whistle-blower who identifies himself only as “Uncle Sam”, says Gavric is not the only wanted Serbian using this country to escape justice.

He was also able to provide exact details about the cold-blooded murder of Yuri “The Russian” Ulianitski who was gunned down outside a restaurant in May 2007.

But he has kept a detailed diary of his criminal activities and those of his former mob colleagues.

And he has threatened to use the 116-page hand-written diary to put them behind bars if they come after him.

“I’ve got nothing to lose,” he says.

“I need to warn the public that the mafia is running the country with the help of cops and top politicians and that they have ruthless killers who will take out anyone who threatens them.”

*This article was published in the Daily Voice

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9ff6e4  No.16770235

File: 1682eb4038c4dfd⋯.jpg (170.96 KB, 1500x1446, 250:241, Flahgship_Cocaine_Traffick….jpg)

“South Africa Raises Profile as Cocaine Trafficking Hub” – “Serbian traffickers, who have used their strong presence in both South Africa and Brazil’s port of Santos to import cocaine”

https://insightcrime.org/news/south-africa-major-cocaine-transit-hub/

14 September 2021

South Africa has made a rapid succession of large cocaine seizures in recent months, illuminating how the country and region now play a significant role as transit points for Latin American cocaine.

The largest such seizure came in August when police found one ton of cocaine in a shipping container at the port of Durban, sub-Saharan Africa’s largest seaport, that had arrived from Brazil’s port of Santos.

The confiscation raises to four tons the amount of cocaine seized in the country since March 2021: around 1000 kilograms from a fishing vessel on March 1, 800 kilograms from a towed jet ski on June 2, 541 kilograms from a container depot on June 22 and as well as 715 kilograms from police vehicles on July 9 [about the time of the riots].

All of the drug loads traveled from the Brazilian port of Santos and all but one entered in shipping containers at Durban, according to the South African Police Service (SAPS).

Furthermore, one criminal syndicate is reportedly behind at least three of the seized shipments, though news outlets claim the group has been linked to additional shipments in South Africa and Australia.

Local media have identified the suspected head of the recently dismantled cocaine syndicate as an Israeli national and known fugitive with an Interpol Red Notice issued in Antwerp for cocaine trafficking. Six others are currently on trial for their supposed membership of the drug trafficking ring.

Most of the cocaine then transits onwards, however, facilitated by the country’s excellent transport infrastructure, high-level police corruption and resource shortages in the area of drug control, according to a 2019 country profile by the ENACT Africa project. https://ocindex.enactafrica.org/assets/downloads/ocindex_profile_south_africa.pdf

The majority goes to Europe, mostly by shipping container and, to a lesser extent, by air with individual smugglers. This represents the so-called “Southern Route” that has long exported Afghan heroin to western European seaports.

Some of the shipments head for Hong Kong, a cocaine hotspot where Latin American traffickers are aggressively attempting to grow demand. South Africa is also a primary departure point for cocaine heading to Australia, where a single kilo fetches anywhere between $90,000 and $300,000, according to the government’s latest Illicit Drugs Data Report.

Finally, as evidenced by the alleged Israeli head of the recently dismantled trafficking ring, South Africa is also a midway point in terms of criminal migration, according to Richard Chelin, Senior Researcher at the Africa-focused Institute for Security Studies.

“[It] is a prominent settlement destination for foreign criminal actors, particularly from Nigeria, China, Pakistan, Israel and Southern and Eastern European nations,” he told InSight Crime.

Particularly important are Serbian traffickers, who have used their strong presence in both South Africa and Brazil’s port of Santos to import cocaine for domestic distribution and re-export to Australia, according to a 2020 report by the GI-TOC. https://globalinitiative.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Transnational-Tentacles-Global-Hotspots-of-Balkan-Organized-Crime-ENGLISH_MRES.pdf

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4c4033  No.16771230

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

General Research #21155 >>16771198

South African Leaders Accused of Using Banks to Shut Out and Silence Opposing Voices in Independent Media Group

President Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa has served as the fifth democratically elected president of South Africa and president of the African National Congress (ANC) political party since 2017.

Pravin Gordham is the current Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs in South Africa.

According to a new report, these two officials are silencing the Independent Media Group in South Africa by pushing the Standard Bank to close their accounts. The Independent Media Group South Africa is one of South Africa’s leading multi-platform content companies.

Iqbal Surve from the Independent Media Group released a video condemning leaders for the organized financial attacks on independent media outlets.

It’s sort of like the US Tech Giants and their attacks on independent media here at home.

Via The Business Report:

“SILENCING Independent Media is the ruthless aim of Pravin Gordhan and Cyril Ramaphosa” stated Dr Iqbal Survé, executive chairman of Independent Media, who also asked if South Africa could still claim to have a democracy when the media is muzzled from showcasing a diversity of views or from holding those in public office to account?

This as Standard Bank – which has reneged on its submission to the Competition Commission where it said it was not closing the Group company bank accounts – has now expressed its intention to shut the banking facilities of the country’s largest independent media organisation.

https://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2022/07/south-african-leaders-accused-using-banks-shut-silence-opposing-voices-independent-media-group/

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4c4033  No.16771508

General Research #21155 >>16771477

Vaccine-Induced Immune Response to Omicron Wanes Substantially Over Time

https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/vaccine-induced-immune-response-omicron-wanes-substantially-over-time#.YtgR9qiZ50A.twitter

What

Although COVID-19 booster vaccinations in adults elicit high levels of neutralizing antibodies against the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2, antibody levels decrease substantially within 3 months, according to new clinical trial data. The findings, published today in Cell Reports Medicine, are from a study sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. The trial was led by NIAID’s Infectious Diseases Clinical Research Consortium.

As part of a “mix and match” clinical trial, investigators administered COVID-19 booster vaccines to adults in the United States who had previously received a primary COVID-19 vaccination series under Emergency Use Authorization. Some participants received the same vaccine as their primary series, and others received a different vaccine. Investigators then evaluated immune responses over time. Results previously reported in the New England Journal of Medicine showed all combinations of primary and booster vaccines resulted in increased neutralizing antibody levels in the recipients.

In the new analysis, investigators report that nearly all vaccine combinations evaluated (see table) elicited high levels of neutralizing antibodies to the Omicron BA.1 sub-lineage. However, antibody levels against Omicron were low in the group that received Ad26.COV2.S as both a primary vaccine and boost. Moreover, immune responses to Omicron in all groups waned substantially, with neutralizing antibody levels decreasing 2.4- to 5.3-fold by three months post-boost. Omicron sub-lineages BA.2.12.1 and BA.4/BA.5 were 1.5 and 2.5 times less susceptible to neutralization, respectively, compared to the BA.1 sub-lineage, and 7.5 and 12.4 times less susceptible relative to the ancestral D614G strain. BA.5 currently is the dominant variant in the U.S.

The authors note that the findings are consistent with real-world reports showing waning protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection during the Omicron wave in people who received a primary vaccine series plus a booster shot. Additionally, the immune response to Omicron sub-lineages show reduced susceptibility to these rapidly emerging subvariants. The data could be used to inform decisions regarding future vaccine schedule recommendations, including the need for variant vaccine boosting.

NIAID grants supporting this research were UM1AI48372, UM1AI148373, UM1AI148450, UM1AI148452, UM1AI148573, UM1AI148574, UM1AI148575, UM1AI148576, UM1AI148684 and UM1AI148689. Contract 75N93019C00050 from the NIAID Collaborative Influenza Vaccine Innovation Centers (CIVICs) also provided support.

Articles

KE Lyke et al. Rapid Decline in Vaccine-Boosted Neutralizing Antibodies Against SARS CoV-2 Omicron Variant. Cell Reports Medicine DOI: 10.1016/j.xcrm.2022.100679 (2022).

RL Atmar et al. Homologous and heterologous COVID-19 booster vaccinations. The New England Journal of Medicine DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa2116414 (2022).

Who

Dr. John H. Beigel, associate director for clinical research in NIAID’s Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, is available to discuss the study.

Contact

To schedule interviews, please contact the NIAID News & Science Writing Branch, (301) 402-1663, niaidnews@niaid.nih.gov(link sends e-mail).

NIAID conducts and supports research—at NIH, throughout the United States, and worldwide—to study the causes of infectious and immune-mediated diseases, and to develop better means of preventing, diagnosing and treating these illnesses. News releases, fact sheets and other NIAID-related materials are available on the NIAID website.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

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9ff6e4  No.16773981

File: 1658f1cbba040e1⋯.jpg (79.43 KB, 854x467, 854:467, Serbia_Dacic_Miljanic.JPG)

“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 1

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

A low-profile U.S.-Serbian gang has trafficked cocaine to Europe for decades. Some credit its longevity to friends in the shadows.

This article from the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) is part of an investigation with Jan Kuciak Investigative Center. Courthouse News Service is partnering with OCCRP on other investigations.

Mileta Miljanić, a Bosnian-born U.S. citizen, is a wanted man in Italy and faces arrest if he so much as changes planes there.

In New York, a 2003 federal indictment of Miljanić remains inexplicably open, with no apparent move to take him to court.

So it’s easy to find the leader of “Group America,” a brutal cocaine trafficking network that operates on at least four continents and is said to be responsible for a dozen murders.

He keeps an apartment in a neat townhouse in the Ridgewood section of Queens, New York.

His surname is on his doorbell.

Sometimes he even appears on television.

After a fire gutted the St. Sava Cathedral, Manhattan’s landmark Serbian Orthodox church in May 2016, Serbian Foreign Minister Ivica Dačić flew to New York to see the damage. As he spoke to television reporters, viewers in Belgrade spotted a familiar face in the tour entourage: Mileta Miljanić.

Facing criticism, Dačić said he was told Miljanić was a church benefactor “who gave more money than all the other donors put together.”

Records from dozens of countries examined by OCCRP reveal decades of drug seizures and murders linked to Miljanić’s organization. Since the late 1990s, Group America associates have been arrested and charged in Serbia, Montenegro, Germany, Italy, Greece, Poland, South Africa, Argentina and Peru. More than five metric tonnes of Group America cocaine has been seized.

But Miljanić remains safe from arrest, at least in New York and in Serbia, where he made a visit in August, as shown in posts to an Instagram account used by his wife.

In Italy, where investigators have aggressively pursued Group America, authorities say they have been continuously hamstrung by the gang’s connections to the Serbian law enforcement — and perhaps beyond.

“Someone in the United States protects them,” a senior Italian police official told OCCRP in 2015.

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9ff6e4  No.16773983

File: 052efceb3e4a0d5⋯.jpg (61.2 KB, 853x642, 853:642, Serbia_Miljanic_Kavaja_Rad….JPG)

File: 30f1cb9e1cc6cbf⋯.jpg (43.02 KB, 670x502, 335:251, Serbia_Miljanic_Radonjic.JPG)

File: 50b29b716a5a275⋯.jpg (101.15 KB, 648x866, 324:433, Serbia_Miljanic_s_home_in_….JPG)

File: 5b56580679a4772⋯.jpg (65.62 KB, 840x583, 840:583, Serbia_Radonjic.JPG)

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“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 2

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

A former senior police officer in Belgrade independently offered the same theory.

“I believe the CIA stands behind them, that is why we gave them the name Group America,” he said.

CIA officials declined comment, as have all other U.S. law enforcement or intelligence agencies contacted for this article.

Group America’s astonishing story is grounded in New York City’s Serbian-American immigrant community and in Serbia’s political history, but its operations were largely unknown to authorities in any country until 2001, when a gang insider codenamed Srećko – “Lucky” in Serbian – volunteered to tell the police what he knew.

For hours, stunned officers listened to the story of Yugoslavians who became criminals on the streets of New York, immersed themselves in Serbian politics and graduated to the world of high-volume international drug trafficking.

The police wrote reports, but their attempts to investigate went nowhere.

What is Group America?

The story of Group America begins in 1970, when a young Serb, Boško “The Yugo” Radonjić, emigrated to the United States from what was then Yugoslavia.

Radonjić was both a criminal and a strident opponent of his country’s communist rulers. A supporter of Serbia’s exiled royal family, he did prison time in the United States for a series of bomb plots targeting Yugoslav diplomatic missions.

In the 1980s, Radonjić was an acolyte of Jimmy Coonan, the leader of an ultraviolent Irish-American gang called the Westies that dominated New York’s old Hell’s Kitchen neighborhood. He became head of the infamous gang after Coonan and other leaders went to prison. Under Radonjić, the Westies grew closer to the Gambino Mafia family, led by the infamous “Dapper Don” John Gotti. When Gotti faced racketeering charges in 1986, Radonjić helped tamper with the jury.

Two young Serbs in Radonjić’s entourage would eventually make Group America what it is today.

Mileta Miljanić was born in 1960 in Gacko, a bleak town in the dry grasslands of southeast Bosnia. It’s unclear when he left the Balkans, but he was issued a U.S. Social Security Number in New York City between 1982 and 1984.

He and his best friend, Zoran Jakšić, likely an emigree from Zrenjanin, a small city near Belgrade, worked as Radonjić’s bodyguards in New York. In the 1980s, both were convicted of crimes related to credit card fraud and spent time in federal prisons.

Miljanić served just 20 months of his three-year sentence. Jakšić was also paroled after serving some of his five-year sentence, but ended up back inside for a parole violation. He spent much of the early 1990s behind bars.

The gangsters returned to the Balkans as Yugoslavia disintegrated and Serbian nationalism led by President Slobodan Milošević surged in the early 1990s. Radonjić won support from elements in Serbia’s security service, which provided weapons and shielded them from both local and international investigations.

Around that time, Radonjic’s younger associate, Vojislav “Voya the American” Raičević, joined him in Belgrade and was given control of the gang.

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9ff6e4  No.16773984

“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 3

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

Raičević oversaw the group’s transformation into Group America, a disciplined and secretive international criminal organization focusing on trafficking cocaine from South America to Europe. Authorities also attribute multiple contract killings to members, though they have never won a murder conviction.

The gang maintained its deep ties with the Serbian security service. In a 1997 conversation attributed to a Croatian secret service wiretap, Slobodan Milošević’s son, Marko, and another man were heard discussing Group America leader Raičević, who is described as “working for Boško Bojović,” a senior Montenegrin spy loyal to Milošević.

That was the year Raičević vanished.

In his lengthy confession to the police years later, Srećko said that after the missing Group America leader’s presumed murder, his brother, Veselin Vesko “Little Bear” Raičević, called a meeting to plan a campaign that would root out traitors and exact revenge.

Among the attendees, Srećko said, was Boško Bojović, who was then living in Belgrade as a top associate of Serbia’s intelligence chief.

Srećko said he was told that Raičević’s suspected assassin, Miša Cvjetičanin, was taken to a Belgrade villa and tortured until he named his conspirators. He was then dismembered with a chainsaw.

The subsequent bloody revenge spree against Raičević’s killers saw the murder of two rival gang heads, a police general, two Group America turncoats, and one of their fathers.

After the killing was done, Group America had a new leader: Mileta Miljanić, the man who today lives comfortably in New York.

Then in his late 30s, Miljanić had a reputation as a man capable of both incredible loyalty and calculated cruelty. When police asked Srećko to name gang members they could exploit as weak links, the informant said Miljanić was out of the question.

“Psychologically, he’s really prepared. He knows how to assess people through their feelings, their stories,” Srećko said. “He’s untouchable.”

Miljanić would lead the gang to more complex, and more lucrative, criminality.

Local Terror and Global Reach

Slobodan Milošević was driven from office in October 2000 after mass protests. The reformist government of Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić that followed his ouster cautiously reached out to the West, instituted democratic reforms, and — in contrast to Milošević — was seen as hostile to organized crime.

Group America responded with domestic terrorism.

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9ff6e4  No.16773985

“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 4

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

In 2002, the group was accused of orchestrating the nighttime assassination of police general Boško Buha on the banks of the Danube. In subsequent raids, police recovered a number of weapons, including two pistols and an assault rifle registered to Serbia’s Security Service (now Security Information Agency, or BIA) from the home of a Group America member. Two state security officers were charged, but the case has languished in the courts ever since.

In an indictment, prosecutors accused five group members of planning to kill senior government officials to “create fear among citizens and an atmosphere of inviolable power,” which would allow the gang to operate with impunity in a new political order.

Among Group America’s planned high-profile targets, prosecutors said, was the prime minister himself.

Months later, in March 2003, Đinđić was assassinated by a sniper.

Radonjić, by then no longer actively involved in gang leadership, was held by police for several weeks but was charged only with illegal possession of ammunition. The Đinđić hit was eventually credited to a rival gang, the Zemun clan. Radonjić died of natural causes in 2011.

In 1998, one year into Miljanić’s tenure as head of Group America, police in Peru arrested Jakšić and seized 1.22 kilograms of Group America cocaine hidden in spray cans destined for Miami. It was a taste of things to come.

In 2000, police in Bosnia seized a 164-kilogram consignment also linked to the gang.

By some estimates, the gang may have no more than 15 core members and perhaps 100 regular associates scattered across several continents but who travel internationally as needed. The group’s membership is fluid, often expanding by associating with other gangs in different regions and hiring freelancers for short-term work.

For example, Group America typically hires Serbian and Montenegrin sailors to smuggle shipments of less than 100 kilograms on commercial vessels and cruise ships sailing from South America to Europe, paying them on delivery. This approach reduces the cost of lost shipments and offers less incentive for authorities to spend time and money going after the group’s leaders.

In an assessment written by Italian investigators who tailed the gang in 2008 and 2009, detectives said they were impressed by its efficient management and ability to react quickly when threatened.

“The group is very strong economically and is able to create a base of operations in any city, but can also disappear or dissipate quickly in emergency situations,” they wrote.

‘Spies Deserve to Die’

That appraisal came after police in Milan stumbled across something big while monitoring routine cocaine sales around Northern Italy.

Curious detectives followed a drug dealer to a meeting with Mileta Miljanić’s nephew, Mladen Miljanić, who was in Italy to prepare for a cocaine delivery.

The police followed Mladen Miljanić to a room in the Gran Duca di York, a stately boutique hotel, and traced his associates to short-stay apartments and hotel rooms across the city. They deployed hidden cameras, concealed microphones, and telephone taps to learn more.

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9ff6e4  No.16773986

“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 5

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

What they saw and heard was staggering.

“These are hardcore criminals, very dangerous ones,” Marcello Musso, the prosecutor who handled the probe, told OCCRP in 2016. “They have their own paramilitary structure with a clear chain of command and a lot of weapons. They easily changed apartments, places where they lived, phone numbers. They acted like police would, which made the investigation much harder.”

The group’s activities were clearly profitable. One surveillance video shows Jakšić in a Milan hotel room, nonchalantly stacking more than 1 million euros on the table in front of him.

Over several months, the Italians filled out a picture of Group America as a “services agency” in the international drug trade, buying cocaine from Latin American producers and selling it to European wholesalers, but staying away from street-level sales.

The police surveillance also revealed a global network with distribution channels in the Americas, Africa, and Europe – and indications of friends in important places.

“I can say some serious information came to me,” said Musso, who died in a traffic accident last year. “Horrible information about corruption, about ties between narco-traffickers and the Serbian police.”

In early 2009, the Italians listened as Mileta Miljanić told Jakšić that a member of Serbian intelligence had tipped him off to a rat in Group America’s ranks. He named Milenko Lasković, also known as Laki, as the informant who told police about the group in 2001. The accusation fit: Lasković’s nickname, “Laki,” is a variation of “Lucky,” the English translation of Srećko.

It was heartbreaking news for Miljanić. Lasković was an old friend, though it didn’t mean he would overlook the transgression.

“He needs to be eliminated,” Miljanić told Jakšić in a telephone conversation.

After police in Buenos Aires seized more than $6 million worth of Group America cocaine, Miljanić told his second-in-command that he had grilled Lasković about past seizures and was unsatisfied with his answers.

The conclusion, overheard by police, was inescapable.

“Spies deserve to die,” Jakšić told Miljanić.

A year later, on the evening of January 18, 2010, Lasković was shot three times in the head while parking his Mercedes in a Belgrade suburb.

His murder remains unsolved.

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9ff6e4  No.16773991

“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 6

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

Hiding in Plain Sight

On a surveillance tape transcribed by Italian police, Miljanić is heard offering life advice and tips on how to manage the gang and avoid arrest. His audience was his Jakšić, whose looks, vices, and love of nightlife tended to attract attention.

“Everything should be relaxed, simple and normal,” Miljanić told him. “Zoran, please, take care. Don’t step into shit, and don’t take risks — and we will never be hungry. But if we fall, everything is over…”

Like the Dons of America’s traditional five New York mafia families, Miljanić himself leads a quiet life in New York. His primary residence appears to be the plain six-flat brick row house in Ridgewood, a working-class Queens neighborhood. His only known extravagance is a villa and acreage in Serbia.

Miljanić could blend easily into a crowd of accountants, but Jakšić — 6 1/2 feet tall, athletic, and with striking brown eyes — tends to get noticed.

While Miljanić stays close to home, Jakšić was a frequent flyer, often switching among 40 known false identities as he fronted for Group America around the world. At various times, authorities in Italy, Greece, Germany, and Argentina have issued warrants for his arrest.

For a decade, Jakšić’s primary base of operation was South America. Police in Peru say he did everything from negotiating deals with cocaine suppliers to handling payments and arranging shipments, often in bold and novel ways.

In Argentina he once planned to start a business that would smuggle cocaine to Spain in wine bottles. Police grew wise to the scheme and were about to arrest him but he fled the country.

Even when caught, Jakšić has managed to continue work and even gain advantage while in prison. Authorities say that after his 1998 arrest in Peru he made ample use of his prison term, forging strategic relationships and developing contacts with other inmates that later proved essential in the cocaine trade.

But Jakšić eventually fell hard, again in Peru. Police there arrested dozens of his associates and seized more than 854 kilograms of cocaine in a series of raids in 2016. Jakšić slipped away, likely thanks to a tip, but was arrested in the seaside city of Tumbes as he crossed the border from Ecuador.

While awaiting trial in Lima, Jakšić continued running Group America’s cocaine business from his cell at Miguel Castro Castro prison. In 2019 he was implicated in an escape plot and moved to the maximum-security Ancon 1 prison, where he is now serving a 25-year sentence for drug trafficking.

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9ff6e4  No.16773994

“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 7

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

Closing In — and Slipping Away

Italian police in 2009 interrupted Group America’s drug delivery, but Miljanić andJakšić left the country before they could be arrested. Fearing the gang’s ties to intelligence services and links to the U.S. would prevent international cooperation, authorities decided to wait for them to return.

As they waited, the Italians kept monitoring the gang’s cell calls. A senior law enforcement official told OCCRP the wiretaps picked up Miljanić negotiating with Russian mobsters about a daring new joint venture to smuggle cocaine from Venezuela by submarine.

That plan likely soured on May 31, 2010. Alitalia had informed police Miljanić would be flying from Belgrade to Thessaloniki in Northern Greece. He was arrested as he changed planes in Rome.

Musso, the prosecutor in Milan, told OCCRP that he pushed to have Miljanić charged as the head of an organized crime family, which could have added as much as 15 years to any sentence. But Musso couldn’t get Italy’s anti-Mafia prosecutor in Rome to go along.

Both the prosecutor and the senior Italian police official attributed Rome’s reluctance to pressure from the U.S., saying that Miljanić, a U.S. citizen, received an unusual number of visitors from the U.S. Embassy while in custody. Italian officials rejected OCCRP’s requests for prison visitation records that might confirm those visits.

But Alfredo Foti, an Italian criminal defense attorney and university researcher, told OCCRP that prosecuting Miljanić as an organized crime figure would have been difficult. The charge of “Mmafia association” is usually reserved for traditional Italian groups and requires specific criminal acts that were not associated with the smuggling operation that resulted in charges against the Group America leaders.

The case was eventually sent to Venice, where Miljanić was sentenced to seven years in prison and a 40,000 euro fine for drug distribution — punishment more fitting of a low-level drug operative than the head of a global trafficking network. On appeal, the sentence was cut by a year.

Limited prison records show Miljanić was sent to a prison in the northeastern Italian town of Tolmezzo, where he spent time picking fruit and gardening in a program called “A Garden to Escape.”

On May 6, 2014, Miljanić was granted “regime di semiliberta,” a kind of parole that allowed him to spend much of his time outside of prison, unsupervised.

He disappeared on August 25, 2014, 13 months before completing his sentence.

The Surveillance Court of Trieste, which had jurisdiction over the prisoner, told OCCRP it “acted according to the law’’ and notified both national and Venetian prosecutors about his disappearance, but said that nothing happened.

The Venice prosecutor’s office said only that it has no pending extradition request for Miljanić. It’s unclear why.

“You should not be surprised that someone who is sentenced in Italy walks free in the USA,’’ Musso told OCCRP in 2016. “Americans take care of their citizens, defend them. Not like Spain. They extradite criminals to us.”

While Italian police and prosecutors privately expressed dismay that they were unable to charge Miljanić as a major drug trafficker, only Musso would speak on the record.

“The court was responsible for this, not the police,’’ Musso said. “The courts were not capable of doing this right.”

“But it is important that we discovered this [Group America] phenomenon,’’ Musso added. “Still, we did something important — arrested him. But yes, we were not perfect.”

Miljanić remains a wanted fugitive in Italy, but is apparently safe from arrest unless he returns there.

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9ff6e4  No.16773999

“Powerful Serbian-American Drug Traffickers May Have Ties to Intelligence Agencies” Part 8

https://www.courthousenews.com/powerful-serbian-american-drug-traffickers-may-have-ties-to-intelligence-agencies/

September 1, 2020

Friends in Low Places?

The U.S. Department of State did not respond to written requests for information about Miljanić and Group America. But there are tantalizing clues that the gang does have an “in” with U.S. intelligence or law enforcement agencies.

One is the group’s close alignment with the Serbian secret police in the 1990s.

According to media reports, Sir Ivor Roberts, the UK’s ambassador in Belgrade from 1994 to 1997, testified in the international court in The Hague in October 2019 that the former head of the Serbian National Security Service, Jovica Stanišić, was a “secret agent of the Central Intelligence Agency.”

Roberts told the court he could say no more because the British government has “not allowed him to talk about these matters.” He did not respond to an OCCRP request for an interview.

His description echoes allegations made by the Los Angeles Times in 2009 and in his own 2016 book, “Conversations with Milosevic.”

Another clue is buried in federal court records in New York.

The docket for the federal court for the Southern District of New York shows that in October 2003, Miljanić, Jakšić, and Efrain Eduardo Rodriguez were indicted on a single charge of conspiracy to distribute cocaine. Assistant U.S. Attorney Neil M. Barofsky, a storied federal drug and financial crimes prosecutor, filed the case, which was immediately sealed.

U.S. grand jury indictments are commonly sealed until the accused is in custody, but unlike other sealed cases, USA v. Miljanić et al, was listed in the public docket. That listing, the only public record of the case, shows no indication that anyone was ever arrested, made a court appearance, or hired a defense attorney.

In December 2006, Barofsky went before a judge to unseal and immediately re-seal the indictment. There’s nothing in the docket to explain that unusual action.

Nearly 17 years after it was filed, the case remains on the books. Federal court, Drug Enforcement Administration and Justice Department officials said they can’t comment on an open case.

The handling of the Group America case contrasts starkly with Barofsky’s other work during his time with the U.S. Attorney’s elite International Narcotics Trafficking Unit. An OCCRP analysis of docket entries for dozens of cases filed in his last five years with the unit show court appearances, arrests, appointments of defense attorneys, convictions, sentences, or dismissal of charges in all other cases. Only the Group America case remains open and sealed.

Colombian Connections?

Barofsky is now a partner in Jenner & Block LLP, a top-shelf New York law firm. In July 2019 he told OCCRP he had only a vague recollection of the case.

He said he couldn’t recall why he went to court to open and then reseal it, a move he described as “odd.” Nor could he explain why the case remains active so many years later.

The former prosecutor volunteered that Rodriguez was a Colombian and said the case may have involved wiretap evidence linked to Cartagena or Medellin.

Three months after Miljanić, Jakšić, and Rodriguez were indicted, Barofsky became lead prosecutor in a long-running investigation that resulted in the indictment of 50 leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), which was then financing guerilla operations by controlling much of Colombia’s cocaine production. Those indictments, still considered the largest narcotics case in U.S. history, were handed up in March 2006.

Though Rodriguez was likely Colombian and Barofsky said FARC was reportedly negotiating distribution deals with traffickers in Italy and Greece at that time, the former prosecutor discounted a link between the unusual handling of the Group America indictments and the FARC prosecutions. Evidence used in the FARC case came largely from Colombian defectors, he said.

“I’m sure we talked to other cooperators — I’m sure we did — but I don’t remember who they were,’’ Barofsky said. “They ([Miljanić, Jakšić and Rodriguez]) might have been part of FARC, but the question is, did one lead to the other? They might have been related… but I don’t recall them being connected.”

Yet Borofsky didn’t dismiss the idea that Group America is protected by an intelligence agency, rhetorically asking, “Could somebody else be running them as informants?”

Asked about the DEA or the CIA, Borofsky shrugged and said, “Or somebody else.”

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9ff6e4  No.16774073

>>16717045

>two containers of AK-47-type rifles not destined for South Africa went missing during the chaos that ensued at the Durban harbour when Transnet suffered a cyberattack

>the million-plus rounds of ammunition stolen during the July 2021 riots after it was moved, under suspicious circumstances, to a depot near the Durban harbour

>>16770235

>All of the drug loads traveled from the Brazilian port of Santos and all but one entered in shipping containers at Durban

Remember

“SA riots: Probe launched after ‘1.5 million rounds of ammunition’ looted” – “the ammo, imported from Brazil, would have ordinarily been shipped to Cape Town. It is unclear why the weaponry had been shipped to Durban”

https://www.thesouthafrican.com/news/ammunition-looted-durban-where-is-it-update-riots-friday-16-july/

16-07-2021

That’s A LOT of ammunition. The shadow police minister is demanding answers, after more than a million rounds of ammo were stolen during the KZN riots.

Kevin Mileham, the Shadow Minister for Police, has released a statement condemning the incident, and questioned why certain security details were changed for the looted container. The DA representative is far from satisfied…

“It’s understood that a container with more than 1.5 million rounds of ammunition was looted at the Mobeni industrial area near Durban. This took place on Wednesday evening and that sources have stated that the ammo, imported from Brazil, would have ordinarily been shipped to Cape Town. It is unclear why the weaponry had been shipped to Durban.”

“These allegations coincide with a report in the Mail & Guardian this morning claiming that the violent riots, looting, and burning of businesses and malls were simply the first stage of a larger concerted strategy to destabilise the country.”

For Mileham, however, he suspects that the looters in question had some help from ‘inside sources’. According to the opposition figure, there is likely to have been some ‘willful cooperation’ from SAPS officials.

“The DA is also of the view that it would have been impossible for this incident to occur without the willful cooperation from some within the South African Police Service (SAPS), who would have been involved in safeguarding this ammunition. A case has been opened and a team has been assembled to trace the missing ammo.” | Kevin Mileham

Is this related?

>>16773984

>Slobodan Milošević was driven from office in October 2000 after mass protests. The reformist government of Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić that followed his ouster cautiously reached out to the West, instituted democratic reforms, and — in contrast to Milošević — was seen as hostile to organized crime.

>Group America responded with domestic terrorism.

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c71a97  No.16775102

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16771230

Independent Media also investigated the baby trade in South Africa. Their YouTube channel is https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChW8d3UEx6jt6zhyh5h_efQ/videos

“Episode Seven: Fertile Ground | Baby Trade”

https://youtu.be/AmZ8KJpeRWo

Posted March 23, 2022

Fertile Ground, Episode 7 of Independent Media’s compelling docuseries, Baby Trade lands with a bang, as Gosiame Sithole, mother of the Tembisa 10, spills the beans on who the doctors were who delivered her.

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26663d  No.16780292

File: 549b3b6e4a61747⋯.mp4 (1.03 MB, 352x640, 11:20, Video_1_Benoni_Mall.mp4)

File: 2cf278ac03db30e⋯.mp4 (1009.94 KB, 426x234, 71:39, Video_2_Benoni_Mall.mp4)

“WATCH: Terrifying moment when 15 armed robbers storm mall in Benoni”

https://www.thesouthafrican.com/news/watch-terrifying-moment-when-15-armed-robbers-storm-mall-in-benoni-crime-breaking-news-21-july-2022/

Watch the terrifying moment when a gang of 15 armed robbers stormed the Lakeside Mall in Benoni on Wednesday. Two people were injured.

The terrifying moment when a gang of 15 armed robbers stormed the Lakeside Mall in Benoni on Wednesday was caught on camera.

WATCH AS A TERRIFIED WOMAN WITNESSES THE ROBBERY

The robbery took place around midday on Wednesday.

https://twitter.com/i/status/1549838663680495616

In the first video shared on social media several men are seen running in the mall while gunshots can be heard. The voice of a terrified woman is heard as she witnesses the robbery and shooting unfold in front of her eyes.

https://twitter.com/i/status/1549775914677985282

In the second video, the armed robbers are seen running out of the mall, guns in the air with their loot. Three getaway cars wait for them outside and the robbers are seen stuffing the bags of stolen goods into the cars. It seems as if they panic and they leave a big pile of stolen goods in the parking while the robbers are seen hastily getting into the car including the boot.

POLICE SAID ARMED ROBBERS STORMED THE STORE JUST AFTER 12:00

“A shoot-out ensued between security personnel and the suspects, but no injuries were reported,” said Sekele.

But paramedics reported two injured people on the scene.

ER24 spokesperson Russel Meiring said a man and woman were injured following the apparent armed robbery.

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26663d  No.16780316

“ANC factions fighting plunges Lichtenburg, Coligny and Bakerville into anarchy”

https://southafricatoday.net/south-africa-news/north-west/anc-factions-fighting-plunges-lichtenburg-coligny-and-bakerville-into-anarchy/

July 21, 2022

The FF Plus condemns the ongoing disruption and violence affecting Lichtenburg residents since Monday 18 July 2022, after fighting ANC factions plunged the town into sheer chaos.

The ANC’s political infighting in the Ditsobotla Local Municipality (Lichtenburg, Coligny and Bakerville) has been paralysing service delivery in the area for a long time.

This week’s events, however, have taken on a new and much more dangerous dimension. During the first clash between the factions this past Monday, shots were fired in the town’s CBD and one of the Municipality’s security guards was fatally wounded.

The violence reportedly erupted after a ruling by the court last Friday, which found that Mr Tsietsie Shema was unlawfully appointed as municipal manager by the Mayor, Moabi Thebeyagae, and must vacate the position.

On Monday, supporters of Shema and Thebeyagae marched to the Municipality in the centre of town and prevented the lawfully appointed Ms Josephine Ledwaba from fulfilling her role as municipal manager.

At present, there is no sign of service delivery in the Municipality, and residents and municipal officials live in fear due to the unprecedented level of violence in their community. All because ANC factions are vying for access to the Municipality’s resources and funds.

The FF Plus has continually been in contact with North West’s MEC for Cooperative Governance, Human Settlements and Traditional Affairs (COGHSTA), Ms Lena Miga, and the provincial police authorities, demanding that the situation must be brought under control.

It is an absolute disgrace that the ruling ANC has fallen into such a state of greed that its infighting for community funds and assets has resulted in bloodshed and the loss of life.

The people of the North West deserve better than the ANC.

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26663d  No.16780354

“Farmer and son both shot within 2 weeks of each other on the same farm, Westonaria”

https://southafricatoday.net/south-africa-news/gauteng/farmer-and-son-both-shot-within-2-weeks-of-each-other-on-the-same-farm-westonaria/

July 22, 2022

A farm attack took place on Wednesday 20 July 2022, at 23:50, on a farm outside Westonaria in the Gauteng province of South Africa. Jaco Taute, who is also the chairman of the national stock theft prevention forum and a member of the safety committee of TLU SA, was shot. This is two weeks after his son, Adriaan (20) was shot on the same farm.

Jaco Taute was shot by an unknown number of attackers when he went to investigate suspects that he had seen on his security cameras.

Fortunately he was only wounded in the hand and survived the attack.

The alarm was raised causing the attackers to flee. Al role players responded but there were no arrests.

Taute was taken to a hospital in Randfontein for treatment.

On Friday 8 July 2022, Mr. Taute’s son Adriaan (20) was alone on the farm as Mr. Taute, his wife and 16 year old daughter were away for the weekend.

Whilst Adriaan was driving through the open gate around 07:40 a shot was fired through the window of the bakkie which hit Adriaan in the arm.

Adriaan was admitted to hospital.

The police are investigating the incident but no arrest have been made.

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4c4033  No.16792567

The President of Ivory Coast, Alassane Ouattara, visited South Africa on Friday

Outtara was welcomed by his South African counterpart, President Cyril Ramaphosa in the capital, Pretoria.

The visit coincided with a UN and Turkey-brokered agreement to allow Ukraine and Russia to export grain and fertilizers.

"It has taken much too long, in my view, because that conflict has put a stop to the import or exportat of grain, fertilizers and other foodstuffs like wheat to various other parts of the world. And we are therefore pleased. That this may indeed in the end become a reality. Would this be seen as signalling something that could amount to the end of that conflict? I would like to believe that, yes", said South African President Cyril Ramaphosa.

Referring to Mali, the Ivorian president rejected earlier suggestions that his country was interfering in its neighbour.

The accusations were linked to the detention of a group of Ivorian soldiers accused of being mercenaries.

" Ivory Coast cannot afford to attempt to destabilize any country and especially not a neighboring country (such as Mali). And they are the same peoples, the same population. The relationships are close, are very close. We use the same currency, we use the same legal framework, etc. It (Mali) is a friendly country and brother and sister populations. Therefore, there isn't any question about us engaging in any attempt to destabilize", reassured Alassane Ouattara, President of Ivory Coast.

During the visit to South Africa, the two presidents signed a number of agreements and Ouattara addressed the South Africa - Ivory Coast Business Forum.

https://www.africanews.com/2022/07/23/presidents-of-south-africa-and-ivory-coast-meet-in-pretoria/

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6de867  No.16794975

“The Rich Boys - The Elite Circle of Oil and Mineral Baron Marc Rich” – Part 1

https://redice.tv/news/the-rich-boys-the-elite-circle-of-oil-and-mineral-baron-marc-rich

October 11, 2008

Source: businessweek.com

Ed Comment: This is an excellent article from Business Week, but what they fail to realize is that corporate crooks like Marc Rich are an intricate part the geopolitical chess game. The corporate crooks are in bed with (or even behind) the corrupt politicians (like Bill Clinton, who gave Marc Rich a presidential pardon late in 2001, during Clinton's last day in office.)

Also why royalty like the King of Spain, Juan Carlos I (with the title King of Jerusalem) supported Rich's pardon is not addressed (ref)

Zionist Marc has also been pouring money into Israel and there's possible ties to the Mossad (ref).

In May 2007 Rich received an honorary doctorate from Bar Ilan University in recognition of his contribution to Israel and to the university's research programs. He received the same honor from Ben-Gurion University on November 18, 2007. The Israeli Sheba Medical Center honored Marc Rich with the "Sheba Humanitarian Award 2008".

An ultra-secretive network rules independent oil trading. Its mentor: Marc Rich

One brisk day last fall, globe-trotting oil executive Benjamin R. Pollner was leaving his luxury prewar apartment building on Manhattan's Park Avenue when detectives from Manhattan District Attorney Robert M. Morgenthau's office approached. They began asking him about his alleged involvement in the unfolding U.N. Oil-for-Food scandal.

Pollner, who runs Taurus Petroleum mainly from offices in Geneva and London, hasn't set foot in the U.S. since, investigators believe. He didn't reply to several calls and e-mails.

On the morning of Apr. 14, David Bay Chalmers Jr., 51, who owns privately held oil-trading company Bayoil U.S.A. Inc., emerged handcuffed and bleary-eyed from his high-security mansion in Houston's ritzy River Oaks neighborhood. He had just been indicted by the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York for conspiracy, wire fraud, and trading with a country that supports terrorism Iraq during the U.N. program. Chalmers has pleaded not guilty.

Another trader, Patrick Maugein, nonexecutive chairman of London's SOCO International PLC oil-trading company, has been under scrutiny by the U.N. for his alleged role in a complex oil-smuggling scheme during Oil-for-Food, the U.N. program that allowed Iraq to sell oil for humanitarian purposes during a period of strict sanctions. Although many deals were legitimate, Saddam Hussein at times demanded illegal surcharges for the right to buy oil at below-market prices. Friends of Saddam's regime allegedly received sweetheart oil allocations, investigators say. Maugein denies violating sanctions or paying illegal surcharges.

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6de867  No.16794978

>>16794975

“The Rich Boys - The Elite Circle of Oil and Mineral Baron Marc Rich” – Part 2

https://redice.tv/news/the-rich-boys-the-elite-circle-of-oil-and-mineral-baron-marc-rich

October 11, 2008

Learning from El Matador

What do the three men have in common, aside from their dubious deals with Iraq? They all belong to the ultrasecretive informal network of traders who dominate global independent oil trading. They don't necessarily act in concert with each other, but they often chase the same opportunities. They are the Rich Boys. All operate in the world of onetime fugitive billionaire Marc Rich, the most-wanted white-collar criminal in U.S. history until his controversial pardon on President Bill Clinton's last day in office in 2001.

Rich came to prominence in the 1970s, when he worked at Phillips Bros. (later Phibro), then the biggest trader. With veteran partner Pincus "Pinky" Green, he pioneered "combat trading" – getting trading rights from countries in turmoil. Rich, called El Matador for his killer instinct, did the deals. Pinky, "The Admiral," arranged shipping.

Over the years, Rich has mentored scores of traders. Although the 70-year-old is past his peak in the business, according to industry experts, his protégés are thriving. "You could call it the University of Marc Rich," says a Senate investigator. As Alaskan and North Sea oil production declines, new supplies increasingly come from some of the most corrupt or politically unstable places on earth, such as Equatorial Guinea and Sudan. These are the new frontiers where major U.S. oil companies fear to tread because of sanctions, embargoes, and antibribery and anti-terrorism laws. But it's where these traders, many like characters out of the James Bond flick Goldfinger, make good money, especially when oil tops $60 a barrel.

Governments and law enforcers have long been suspicious of some Rich Boys. In a six-month investigation, BusinessWeek has pieced together the first comprehensive look at their sprawling and deliberately elusive operations. Our findings:

Rich has spawned the most powerful informal network of independent commodities traders on earth. He did it primarily by funding spin-offs and startups around the globe for decades, and by training scores of traders who have set up their own shops. Although Rich no longer maintains stakes in most of these outfits, he has helped create a network that, in sum, is far more formidable than his own company in the 1970s and 1980s, when it was the world's premier commodities trader.

The Rich Boys' often controversial activities are on the rise. They buy oil from places where corruption is extensive: Some of the Rich Boys have been named in scandals in Nigeria and Venezuela. They also sell oil from pariah states to U.S. refiners.

– Although Rich testified in writing in March, 2005, to a House committee investigating the U.N. program that he was not in any way active in the Oil-for-Food program, documents suggest that he bought Iraqi oil in 2001 from various front companies, which BusinessWeek has identified. This took place just one month after his pardon. If so, it seems that Rich may have misled Congress. The CIA, the Senate, and others have concluded that from September, 2000, until September, 2002, buyers in the Oil-for-Food oil program had to pay illegal surcharges that Saddam used in part to buy weapons, though no documents show Rich made such payments. Some investigators believe Iraqi insurgents are now using that money.

One company from which Rich bought crude during this period was a front for extremist Russian and Ukrainian organizations. All were pro-Saddam; one was a staunch supporter of North Korean dictator Kim Jong Il. Another company was tied to a major money launderer for Saddam.

To reach these conclusions, BusinessWeek traced crucial connections from a number of official inquiries and documents. Key among these documents: shipping tables from the Middle East Economic Survey (MEES), the preeminent authority on tanker activity in the Middle East. These detail the ports, tankers, destinations, and buyers of Iraqi crude. Other insights came from a 2004 CIA report on Iraq, data from Switzerland's Federal Commercial Registry Office, and the many inquiries launched into Oil-for-Food. The Justice Dept., six congressional committees, a U.N. commission, Morgenthau's office, and several countries, including Switzerland, are all investigating the program. Extensive interviews with dozens of oil traders, government investigators, and energy experts around the globe helped form a clearer picture of how the network operates.

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6de867  No.16794981

>>16794975

>>16794978

“The Rich Boys - The Elite Circle of Oil and Mineral Baron Marc Rich” – Part 3

https://redice.tv/news/the-rich-boys-the-elite-circle-of-oil-and-mineral-baron-marc-rich

October 11, 2008

Mavericks in the Middle

Like Marc Rich + Co. holding, most of the Rich Boys have offices in the tiny Swiss canton of Zug, with its quaint stores, Gothic architecture, and low tax rates. These maverick middlemen typically don't own or operate oil refineries or wells. Instead, they buy oil from producers, line up buyers to refine it, and charter tankers to ship it. Oil trading is often nebulous and opaque. Title to a tanker's oil, for example, may change a dozen times before the ship reaches port.

Some of the Rich Boys, like Pollner and Chalmers, have never worked for Rich. They've merely done business with him or have connections to him through other traders. Typically, Rich has bankrolled or owned stakes in the traders' companies, or sold them to close associates. Among the mightiest is commodities giant Glencore International, based in a suburb of Zug, which boasts annual turnover of $72 billion, according to its financial disclosures, making it one of the world's largest private companies. Glencore owns scores of other commodities companies from Spain to Australia. Rich sold the firm to its management in 1994, and the company says it now has no connection with Rich. It is run by former Rich lieutenants Ivan Glasenberg and Willy Strothotte, according to its Web site.

Companies run by the Rich Boys span the globe. Consider Netherlands-based Trafigura Group, one of the world's top trading companies. According to industry experts and investigators, it was founded in 1993 by former Rich traders with money from Rich. Experts say he invested in companies like Trafigura to expand his empire, though most contend he no longer has a stake in them. Zug-based Masefield Group was also founded by former Rich traders. In Moscow, there's Milio International Ltd., formed by Rich traders in 1997. Rich's flight to Switzerland in 1983 didn't stop him from financing companies in the U.S., among them Novarco, a White Plains (N.Y.) commodities-trading business he established in 1997. He sold its oil contracts in 2002 to Richmond (Va.)-based Dominion Resources Inc., according to company reports.

Many of the Rich Boys' tactics may be hyperaggressive, but they're perfectly legal. One way they do business: exploiting opportunity in Eastern European or Third World countries in dire need of funding. Rich taught his disciples called Lehrlings, German for apprentices to lend cash-strapped companies money and get the right to buy their commodities, industry experts say. Last year, for example, Glencore loaned $40 million to Peru's second-largest zinc miner, Volcan Compañia Minera. Volcan agreed to sell zinc and other minerals to Glencore from 2004 to 2010.

At times, some Rich boys apparently use front companies opaque holding entities to disguise deals. According to Senate documents, they have set up fronts with innocuous names such as Rescor Inc. or Plasco Shipping. Based in tax havens with strong banking secrecy such as Panama, Liechtenstein, and Gibraltar, they come and go like flickering harbor lights once a deal is done.

David Chalmers found such companies useful in trading Iraqi crude during sanctions, according to the Senate subcommittee on permanent investigations. It alleged he routinely used a company called Italtech to do business in Iraq. The submarine-engine outfit was started in the late '80s by Chilean-Italian arms dealer Augusto Giangrandi, who headed the Bermuda subsidiary of Chalmers' Bayoil. Italtech opportunistically morphed into an oil trader in 1999. Chalmers' lawyer, Bart Dalton, says Italtech "was not a front company."

Ben Pollner, law enforcement officials believe, was behind Fenar Petroleum and Alcon Petroleum, registered in Liechtenstein in 1999, according to corporate registry documents. They were among the largest oil purchasers during Oil-for-Food, together exporting $2.47 billion worth of crude, according to a report by the U.N. Independent Inquiry Committee, chaired by former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul A. Volcker. Investigators allege they paid tens of millions in illegal surcharges. The companies sold almost exclusively to Pollner's company, Taurus, MEES shows. "We've interviewed more than a dozen traders who claim [that although] Pollner was working on his own deals, he was often acting on behalf of Rich, too," says a senior prosecutor investigating possible Oil-for-Food violations.

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6de867  No.16794986

>>16794975

>>16794978

>>16794981

“The Rich Boys - The Elite Circle of Oil and Mineral Baron Marc Rich” – Part 4

https://redice.tv/news/the-rich-boys-the-elite-circle-of-oil-and-mineral-baron-marc-rich

October 11, 2008

Thriving in Trouble Spots

One reason the rich boys are so busy these days is because they thrive in a world of high oil prices and scarce reserves. Big U.S. oil companies are desperate for crude yet don't want to dirty their hands getting it from global trouble spots. Says a former partner of Rich's, who requested anonymity because he routinely trades with Big Oil: "Majors don't want to touch the oil, yet they want to buy it. If you think Pablo Escobar [the Colombian drug king] was guilty, weren't people who used cocaine, too?" In fact, half the crude on which Oil-for-Food surcharges were paid ultimately ended up with U.S. majors, according to the Senate. Says Richard Perkins, former director of worldwide oil trading at Chevron Corp.: "The majors are the bread and butter" of traders like the Rich Boys.

U.S. companies are forbidden from bribing officials. If they do, it can prove damaging. The Securities & Exchange Commission, for example, is probing Marathon Oil, ExxonMobil, Amerada Hess (AHC ), Chevron (CVX ), and others for allegedly bribing President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea and his relatives for oil rights. The companies say they're cooperating with the SEC and that they acted lawfully.

Oil majors are also under pressure to shun pariah states. For instance, there are tight limits on deals with war-torn Sudan because it backs terrorism and engages in genocide. But companies set up by the Rich Boys, including Trafigura and Glencore, are among those buying crude there, trade reports say. China is a big customer for the Rich Boys there and elsewhere. Still, says Hal C. Eren, principal attorney at Washington's Eren Law Firm and a former U.S. Treasury Dept. official, tighter controls have "created a situation that's definitely helping independent traders."

Because the Rich Boys operate in such secrecy, one of the few ways to see how they work is when they get busted or investigated. For example, in Nigeria last year, Petrodel, a firm run by former top Rich trader Michael Prest, Glencore, Trafigura, and several other firms, were accused by Nigeria's state oil company of inflating shipping costs by doctoring documents. The Nigerians demanded repayments of more than $100 million. Trafigura denies the allegations and says that all past problems have been resolved. A Glencore spokesman "vigorously disputes" the charges. Petrodel officials and Prest could not be reached for comment.

Some Rich Boys also have their hand in oil-rich Venezuela, whose leftist leader, President Hugo Chávez, is at odds with the Bush Administration. After an oil workers' strike in 2003, Glencore and two U.S. traders allegedly paid kickbacks to secure deals with oil monopoly Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), according to The Wall Street Journal. PDVSA denied accepting bribes and Glencore denied making any illegal payments.

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6de867  No.16794996

>>16794978

>>16794975

>>16794981

>>16794986

“The Rich Boys - The Elite Circle of Oil and Mineral Baron Marc Rich” – Part 5

https://redice.tv/news/the-rich-boys-the-elite-circle-of-oil-and-mineral-baron-marc-rich

October 11, 2008

The Saddam Connection

Some of the most compelling details to emerge from Oil-for-Food probes revolve around Rich himself. BusinessWeek has pieced together information suggesting that, despite his denials, Rich did buy Iraqi crude from several questionable companies during the program. His name appears in shipping records compiled by MEES. These show he bought from four separate companies, starting in February, 2001: Onako Oil Co., a subsidiary of Alfa Group, one of Russia's largest conglomerates; an Egyptian company called International Company for Petroleum & Industrial Services (or INCOME, for short); and a Swiss company, Zerich, with ties to some extremist groups. The fourth, EOTC, remains a mystery. Hesham Sheta, vice-chairman of INCOME's parent company in Cairo, Egypt, International Group for Investments, confirmed that "Marc Rich has been INCOME's 'agent' [oil trader] since 1990" and that Rich bought Iraqi crude from INCOME in 2001. Zerich has since been liquidated. Alfa denies paying surcharges.

Even with the new information, it may be difficult for the authorities to prove that Rich did anything illegal. At the time, Saddam offered oil at cut-rate prices to his supporters, who would then sell it for a huge profit on the market. For two years leading up to September, 2002, the dictator demanded surcharges of up to 50 cents a barrel that he deposited in secret bank accounts, according to the CIA, the Volcker committee, and Senate documents.

While Rich's company bought crude from companies acting on behalf of those with allocations, no documents show he paid illegal surcharges. However, allocation holders would typically "pass on the cost of that surcharge," according to a recent Senate report. "[Buyers] were informed of the required surcharges, and either paid them directly or reimbursed the allocation holder." Hesham denies that INCOME paid illegal surcharges.

Saddam banked about $10 billion from oil surcharges and smuggling, says the U.S. Government Accountability Office. Initially it enabled him to live large, buying fleets of Mercedes and the finest wine, according to the CIA. But when pressure from the Bush Administration mounted in 2001, Saddam earmarked the money for a war chest that "is likely funding the current insurgents," says John Fawcett, an independent investigator tracking Iraqi funds who recently testified to the House Committee on Energy & Commerce.

Some Rich Boys were heavy hitters in Oil-for-Food. In February, 2001, for example, the U.N. Security Council reported that Glencore bought 1 million barrels of Iraqi crude destined for the U.S. The oil was diverted to Croatia, where it was sold for a $3 million premium, that went into a secret bank account. Glencore was caught by U.N. overseers, and later agreed to refund the money to the U.N. A Glencore spokeswoman says the oil was shipped to Croatia for storage and later shipment to the U.S. A CIA report alleges that Glencore paid more than $3.2 million in surcharges to Iraq, something it denies.

The numerous investigations into the U.N. program paint a complex picture of how Rich Boys allegedly work. In September, 2001, U.S. and U.N. authorities were tipped off by a Greek shipping captain, who feared his tanker chartered by Trafigura was involved in sanctions busting. Trafigura, run by former Rich traders Claude Dauphin and Eric de Turckheim, bought Iraqi oil from a Bermuda company called Ibex Energy, according to a U.N. report. Ibex was owned by another former Rich trader, Jean-Paul Cayré. SOCO's Patrick Maugein, once a top Rich trader, was close to former Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz. The CIA alleges Maugein received oil allocations that he sold through Trafigura. Maugein denies paying illegal surcharges. Maugein says he knows one of Trafigura's founders. Investigators allege he had a contract with or a stake in Trafigura, something both the company and Maugein deny. Maugein and Trafigura also deny having commercial ties to Ibex.

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6de867  No.16795002

>>16794975

>>16794978

>>16794981

>>16794986

>>16794996

“The Rich Boys - The Elite Circle of Oil and Mineral Baron Marc Rich” – Part 6

https://redice.tv/news/the-rich-boys-the-elite-circle-of-oil-and-mineral-baron-marc-rich

October 11, 2008

Deals with Extremists

Rich and those like him are so successful because they'll do business with virtually anyone if there are big bucks to be made. Both Rich and Pollner's Taurus Petroleum bought Iraqi crude in 2001 through the now-defunct Zerich, according to MEES shipping records. Zerich was a front for various groups that received oil allocations, a CIA report says.

Some of them, BusinessWeek has learned, are extremists, including Ukranian and Russian outfits that strongly supported Saddam – as well as North Korean strongman Kim Jong Il. One, Russia's Peace & Unity Party, threw a birthday bash in Moscow in January, 2004, in honor of Kim. At it, Peace & Unity Chairwoman Sazhi Zaindinova Umalatova called Kim "an all-powerful treasured sword…when the imperialists are getting more undisguised in their military ambition," according to North Korea's news agency. Zerich also acted for the Ukraine Communist Party and the Ukraine Socialist Party. In all, Zerich bought $422 million worth of oil from Iraq, according to the Volcker committee.

In the early 1990s after the Soviet Union collapsed, Rich quickly became the most powerful trader there. He was "a coach and sort of a godfather for several of the oligarchs," says Vladimir L. Kvint, a professor at American University's Kogod School of Business. Pollner worked for Chalmers at Bayoil then, and all of them sold Russian crude that they got through the oligarchs.

Rich has long had ties to Mikhail Fridman and his mammoth Alfa Group, says Kvint. In 2001, Rich nearly sold his company to an Alfa division: Zug-based Crown Resources Corp. (now called ERC Trading). During the U.N. program both Rich and Chalmers bought oil from Alfa units, according to MEES: Onako and Tyumen Oil Co., respectively. The CIA report alleges that Alfa paid illegal surcharges to Saddam during Oil-for-Food, which Alfa denies.

Rich is legendary for cultivating people in high places. Traders say he could reach practically any diplomat, oil minister, or dictator in an instant with a phone that some joked seemed surgically attached to his ear. Two of his key Mideast connections were the powerful Bakhtiar brothers, Esfandiar and Bahman. The Bakhtiars whose father, investigators believe, headed the Shah of Iran's secret police fled to Iraq after the Shah's ouster. Thanks to family ties, Saddam treated them like "adopted sons," says Jules B. Kroll, founder of Kroll Inc., hired by Kuwait to investigate Saddam's finances in 1991.

The Bakhtiar link helped Rich forge links with the Iraqi dictator, says the Kroll report. Kroll says it obtained faxes between Rich and the Bakhtiars describing Rich's intent to trade Iraqi crude through the brothers. Over two decades, Rich traded allegedly through two companies linked with the Bakhtiars: Jaraco and Dynatrade (now owned by INCOME's parent, IGI). The Bakhtiars set up Jaraco in Geneva in 1981. In 2004, the U.S. Treasury identified Jaraco as a major money-laundering conduit for Saddam's billions. Hesham Sheta says, "[One of the] Bakhtiars still acts as a consultant" to IGI, which in turn owns INCOME, from which Rich bought Iraqi crude during Oil-for-Food.

Rich, along with Pollner and Bayoil's Chalmers, were "very trusted by the Iraqi Oil Ministry," says Axel Busch, chief correspondent for industry newsletter Energy Intelligence. A street-smart Staten Island boy, "Pollner is considered a brilliant trader," says Busch. Cultivating relations with small refineries, particularly in the U.S., enabled him to handle big quantities of Iraqi oil by breaking it into smaller cargoes, say industry experts. Pollner, they say, began trading with Iraq before the 1991 Persian Gulf War and continued after a U.N. embargo.

For his part, Chalmers had loaned money to Iraq since the 1980s and received repayment in oil, according to industry experts. The scion of a wealthy Houston oil family, Chalmers, a tight-lipped trader and tennis ace with a taste for fancy cigars, was used to rubbing shoulders with the elite. But he never worked for Rich. Indeed, his lawyer Dalton says they were always "competitors" and "didn't act together in Oil-for-Food." Still, trade reports and CIA documents show they often did deals with the same people in the same places. Chalmers' deep pockets apparently appealed to Iraq's Oil Ministry. After the U.S. lifted its embargo in May, 2003, the ministry said it would sell only to major refiners, but it still allowed two traders to get supplies – Bayoil and Taurus.

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6de867  No.16795015

>>16794975

>>16794978

>>16794981

>>16794986

>>16794996

>>16795002

“The Rich Boys - The Elite Circle of Oil and Mineral Baron Marc Rich” – Part 7

https://redice.tv/news/the-rich-boys-the-elite-circle-of-oil-and-mineral-baron-marc-rich

October 11, 2008

"Eerie" Existence

These days rich has opulent digs in several countries. He owns a palatial Moorish villa on Spain's ritzy Costa del Sol and a ski chalet in Saint Moritz, Switzerland. His powerful pals have included opera star Placido Domingo and former hedge-fund guru Michael Steinhardt, who, in a letter backing the pardon, called Rich "my friend…who has been punished enough." Former traders say Rich spends most of his time at Villa Rosa, his compound on Switzerland's glistening Lake Lucerne, surrounded by Picassos, van Goghs, and Mirós.

Rich has slowed down since his pardon. He sold Marc Rich Investments in 2003 but still runs Marc Rich + Co. Holding, which has a trading operation and a real estate arm. U.S. authorities the Justice Dept., in particular are on Rich's case. As for some of the Rich Boys, it's possible that the U.N. or even the Swiss government, which is conducting its own investigation into Oil-for-Food, may act if they can prove wrongdoing.

Maybe Rich will once again elude his pursuers. He is fast becoming a mythic persona: Word is a TV series based on his life may be in the works. And the Rich Boys his legacy rule.

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6de867  No.16795048

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16795002

>In the early 1990s after the Soviet Union collapsed, Rich quickly became the most powerful trader there. He was "a coach and sort of a godfather for several of the oligarchs," says Vladimir L. Kvint, a professor at American University's Kogod School of Business. Pollner worked for Chalmers at Bayoil then, and all of them sold Russian crude that they got through the oligarchs.

This can explain why we are at this point with regard to Ukraine. It is worth watching in full.

“Russian Godfathers (1 of 3) The Fugitive” - Boris Berezovsky, Neil Bush (George Bush’s brother) was Boris’s partner

https://youtu.be/ZLPxyDlQfBc

This documentary series examines the relationship between Russia's richest men ('the oligarchs') and Putin's administration in the Kremlin. The series follows each one in turn to find out what they were up to in the years leading up to 2005, and the crew is granted intimate access. Two of the five are now in exile, wanted on criminal charges and planning their own anti-Putin campaigns with their wealth and influence.

Broadcast a year before the Litvinenko murder, this fascinating series lifted the lid on the struggle that still continues between Putin, and his adversaries, the Russian Oligarchs. The first part follows exile and Litvenenko associate Boris Berezovsky as he campaigns to fight Putin in the Media and along Russia's borders. Under threat of arrest, Berezovsky travels to revolutionary Ukraine for the campaign to elect Yuschenko.

56:16 - Neil Bush (George Bush’s brother) was Boris Berezovsky’s partner.

“HOW MARC HELPED PLUNDER RUSSIA”

https://nypost.com/2001/02/15/how-marc-helped-plunder-russia/

You can read about it in “Godfather of the Kremlin,” an exhaustively researched book about Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky, which was published last fall. The author is Paul Klebnikov, an expert on Russia and a Forbes magazine senior editor.

The book details the myriad ways Berezovsky and his minions stole untold sums from the Russian people through international financial schemes.

According to Klebnikov, Rich came into the picture around 1990, when the Soviet Union began to open up to outsiders.

“Governmental authority began to crumble. All these local Communist Party bosses got to strike deals on their own,” the author tells me.

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6de867  No.16796448

>>16794975

>>16795048

“Justice Denied: Thoughts on Truth, ‘Canards’and the Marc Rich Case: Part Two of Two” - Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg – Part 1

https://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2013/05/12/justice-denied-thoughts-on-truth-canardsand-the-marc-rich-case-part-two-of-two/

May 12, 2013

In the aftermath of their indictment, one of the earliest strategies that Rich, Green, and their lawyers attempted to employ was that of claiming anti-Semitism was behind the legal measures brought against them: both claimed that they had been singled out because they were Jews. And so we find ourselves finding truth behind another ‘canard’ — that Jews have used accusations of ‘anti-Semitism’ to avoid scrutiny of their behavior. In our bid to extricate ourselves from this one, let’s rely on the authority of the government investigators: the authors of House Report No. 454 write (p. 157) that this argument was “false,” “preposterous” and a (p. 159) “clumsy attempt to play the race card” that was so poorly executed that it was “rejected by associates like Abraham Foxman.”

The frankly unbelievable level of cynicism seen in Rich’s behaviour towards his daughter, and the deeply immoral core of this particular aspect of the petition was by no means the only significant problem with it. Government investigators state (p. 154) that “the centrepiece of Marc Rich’s effort to obtain a Presidential pardon was the pardon petition, which was put together by the Marc Rich legal team. … The resulting document, which had a number of misrepresentations and factual inaccuracies, was a surprisingly poor effort, considering the amount of time and money that went into it.”

Funny, I was thinking precisely the same thing the other day about the thousands of shoddy works of history, philosophy and junk science that take up valuable space on the shelves of our libraries. The petition consisted of over thirty double-spaced pages, the first twenty of which “attempted to cast Rich and Green in a favorable, even likeable light.” The authors of House Report No. 454 comment that “these statements seem almost laughable given what the world knows about Marc Rich and Pincus Green.”

The statements also resurrected, and not for the last time, the charge of anti-Semitism. Entirely absent from the petition was any reference to the fact that that (p. 155) “Marc Rich’s business was built by supporting corrupt and dictatorial regimes across the world,” or that “deals with Third World countries meant that Rich himself gained monopolies over commodities that often paid developing nations less than fair-market prices.”

In fact, the Jewish activists behind the petition claimed that rescinding the charges on Rich would be in keeping with a ‘confluence of interests’ shared by Rich and the United States. Where have I heard that before? In the petition, signed by, among others, Abraham Foxman, it was stated: “Marc Rich has made amends. Over the past twenty years through his foundations he has donated over $100,000,000 to educational, cultural and social welfare programs. … His life has been committed to making the world a better place.”

A better place for who? For Jews. According to the authors of House Report No. 454 (p. 189), almost every cent that Rich donated went to Jewish causes, Jewish politicians, and Jewish organizations. The logic of the petition then is this: Rich defrauded United States taxpayers, 97% of whom are not Jewish, to the tune of over $100 million, and illegally funded a then enemy power, but because he funnelled this illegal cash into the coffers of his own tiny ethnic group he should be free from punishment.

My, what a fine confluence of interests. I certainly love it when my tax dollars fund Birthright Israel! According to the authors of House Report No.454 (p. 167), Mr. Foxman’s letter was “one of the most prominently displayed in the petition,” something they attributed to the fact that “Rich has given the ADL a total of $250,000 since he fled the country in 1983.” There’s that confluence of interests again — you see, all that illegal cash can now support the ADL’s efforts to teach your children that they’re bigots. [http://archive.adl.org/education/curriculum_connections/]

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6de867  No.16796456

>>16796448

“Justice Denied: Thoughts on Truth, ‘Canards’and the Marc Rich Case: Part Two of Two” - Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg – Part 2

https://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2013/05/12/justice-denied-thoughts-on-truth-canardsand-the-marc-rich-case-part-two-of-two/

May 12, 2013

Although Foxman was to deny any quid pro quo in his involvement in the petition, government investigators wrote (p. 168): “Notwithstanding Foxman’s denial of quid pro quo, the payment to the ADL raises the general question of Marc Rich’s tactics in drumming up support for his pardon petition.”

What they mean by this is that Rich brought the full weight of Jewish influence to bear on his case. Among those organizations that were mobilized, “Marc Rich attempted to secure the assistance of the American Jewish Commmittee (AJC) with the promise of a large contribution.” Rich also “pledged $5 million to Birthright Israel” an organization run by Rich’s “long-time friend,” and fellow crook, Michael Steinhardt. Steinhardt subsequently “wrote a letter that was included in the petition.” The authors of House Report No.454 write that: “As with the public statements of the ADL and the AJC, a spokesman for Birthright Israel denied any quid pro quo relating to the $5 million pledge.” True exemplars of this impeccably moral group!

Further investigations revealed (p. 168) that following more cash donations, “yet another person with a connection to Birthright Israel also wrote a letter on behalf of Marc Rich. Rabbi Irving Greenberg, Chairman of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Council, wrote a letter on Holocaust Museum Council letterhead in favor of Marc Rich.” Greenberg was also President of the Jewish Life Network, “an organization that is a partner with Birthright Israel.”

Israeli support came following Rich’s contribution of $25,000 to Jerusalem Mayor Ehud Olmert’s 1993 campaign. Olmert later wrote (p. 169) “a letter to President Clinton that was included in the petition.” The pardon petition (p. 189) contained letters from the Israeli minister for Foreign Affairs, a former Israeli ambassador to the United States, the speaker of the Knesset, a former Minister for Finance, a former Minister for Justice, the Israeli Government Secretary, and a former Director of Mossad. Attempts were also made (p. 190) to enrol Shimon Peres, Israel Singer (Secretary General of the World Jewish Congress), and Edgar Bronfman (President of the World Jewish Congress). Most of the legwork in getting all these figures on board was done by Avner Azulay, whom the authors of House Report No.454 describe (p. 196) as a “former high-ranking Mossad agent.”

Page 171 of the report shows organized international Jewry in all its glory, as letters in support of Rich poured in from the Chief Rabbi of France and the President of the Jewish Committee of Madrid. Both made frequent mention of Rich’s “philanthropy” but no mention of the exclusively Jewish nature of his philanthropy. I don’t know about you, but I just love it when the Chief Rabbi of France gets a say in a legal case pertaining to my tax dollars.

I also sympathize with the Spaniards. The authors of House No.454 state (195) that King Juan Carlos of Spain even wrote letter for Rich. They add that “It is unclear why the King took this action on Rich’s behalf. It is possible that the King was motivated by Rich’s support of Madrid’s Jewish community.”

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6de867  No.16796461

File: 5879aadc9b4c120⋯.jpg (160.54 KB, 798x734, 399:367, Martin_Ginsburg.JPG)

“Justice Denied: Thoughts on Truth, ‘Canards’and the Marc Rich Case: Part Two of Two” - Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg – Part 3

https://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2013/05/12/justice-denied-thoughts-on-truth-canardsand-the-marc-rich-case-part-two-of-two/

May 12, 2013

Let’s simplify — King Juan Carlos was motivated by Madrid’s Jewish community, and the authors of House Report No.454 add (p. 195) that the king had also been lobbied by Israeli Foreign Minister, Shlomo Ben Ami. Let’s simplify it further — a group of Jews whistled and the King of Spain rolled over. Unless of course there’s evidence that King Juan Carlos was acting due to another ‘confluence of interests.’

It gets better. Part of the petition was a tax analysis from two academics which ‘proved’ that Rich hadn’t actually committed fraud at all. This particular piece of fiscal sleight of hand was (p. 156) produced by the delightfully named but now both sadly deceased Professors Martin Ginsburg and Bernard Wolfman. You can safely bet your last cent these gentlemen weren’t Episcopalians. On page 160 of House Report No.454, the authors write that although the petition contained pleading claims that Ginsburg and Wolfman were “independent,” this was misleading. The authors write (p. 160): “Professor Ginsburg, husband of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, was paid $66,199 for his work on the Rich case.” Wolfman was paid $30,754, after being hired as a consultant by one of Rich’s firms and paid between $300 and $400 per hour. Nor did they come to their conclusions independently of each other — “rather they worked jointly.” The authors add (161) that “Ginsburg and Wolfman sold their names to the highest bidder.” Of course, none of this has been mentioned in the gushing obituaries afforded to both men by such prestigious journals as the Harvard Law Review. Wolfson and Ginsburg weren’t the only ones on the take.

Once the petition was lodged, Jewish America’s much-lauded ‘moral authority’ was brought to bear on the White House. Some wise-guy had the idea that Elie Wiesel possessed the “the moral authority” to present Rich’s case. Wiesel (p. 193) claimed to investigators that he refused these advances, not because of Rich’s obvious guilt but because “he had already written a letter requesting a commutation of Jonathan Pollard’s sentence and … felt that he could not make another request.” Didn’t want to use up all that ‘moral authority’ in one go?

Government investigators subsequently found out that Wiesel was being frugal with the truth (not for the first time in his life I suspect), and that (pp. 193–4) “while this seemingly would have been the end of Wiesel’s involvement in the Rich pardon campaign, there is evidence that it was not. Several e-mails indicate that Wiesel may have lobbied the White House”, including at meetings, and in phone calls. This ‘moral authority,’ together with all the letters, the petition, and the ‘tax analysis’ were added to the once more resurrected claim of anti-Semitism. The authors of House Report No. 454 write (p. 159) that notes from Rich’s lawyer suggest “it is possible that he raised the spectre of anti-Semitism in his last-minute appeal to the President on January 19, 2001. … It is unfortunate the President found Rich’s arguments believable — when in fact they were completely inaccurate — a fact the President could have discovered with minimal due diligence.”

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6de867  No.16796503

File: 7ba232fb6d81712⋯.jpg (87.58 KB, 978x374, 489:187, Jonathan_Pollard_2.JPG)

File: d5cfca9a6b5a1f3⋯.jpg (117.76 KB, 958x747, 958:747, Jonathan_Pollard.JPG)

File: 359e6cede9542af⋯.jpg (123.52 KB, 928x557, 928:557, Johnson_Mathilde_Krim.JPG)

>>16796448

>>16796456

>>16796461

“Justice Denied: Thoughts on Truth, ‘Canards’and the Marc Rich Case: Part Two of Two” - Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg – Part 4

https://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2013/05/12/justice-denied-thoughts-on-truth-canardsand-the-marc-rich-case-part-two-of-two/

May 12, 2013

Clinton caved in; the pardon was granted. Facing an outcry due to the obvious injustice of what had taken place, the day after the pardon Clinton wrote in a New York Times op-ed [https://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/18/opinion/my-reasons-for-the-pardons.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm] that he had acted under pressure “from many present and former high-ranking Israeli officials of both major political parties and leaders of Jewish communities in America and Europe.” For this openness, Clinton was accused [http://www.jewishchronicle.org/article.php?article_id=8003] by outraged Jewish leaders of “whipping up anti-Semitism” and “scapegoating” Jews.

Wiesel was partly telling the truth. A miserable Jonathan Pollard told investigators (p. 191) from his cell that he felt Marc Rich’s pardon came at his expense. Pollard is reported as saying “”I should have waved a dollar bill in front of them and convinced them that I had a lot of money. This is the depths to which we have sunk as a nation, that an agent has to bribe his own government to rescue him. This is how low we have sunk.” Of course, Mr. Pollard could have saved himself a lot of trouble by enlightening himself with a subscription to The Occidental Quarterly prior to his act of high treason. [https://www.veteranstoday.com/2011/11/29/israeli-spy-and-american-traitor-jonathan-pollard-pressure-building-for-his-release/]

So what have we learned? Well, it’s clear that the ‘moral authority’ of these organizations is a fable. We need not condemn every Jew, to demonstrate that the many Jewish figures described here constitute an extremely wealthy and cohesive criminal network of international dimensions that has and will bring immeasurable harm. Notice that the Jews aiding Marc Rich are not marginal, isolated individuals; they are Jewish elites—at the center of Jewish life in Israel and the Diaspora. Financial crimes are morally acceptable within the Jewish community, as indicated by the fact that Jews like Marc Rich, Ivan Boesky and Michael Milken are pillars in the Jewish community and major donors to Jewish charities. How many of these fools would be swayed by information that the state of Israel stepped in to help a wealthy ethnic brother because he greased their palms, and because for them the interests of American taxpayers come somewhere beneath those of a bullfrog. It really doesn’t matter how closely anything we have discussed comes to echoing a ‘canard’ because all is truth and ‘canards’ are worthless — fit only for the purpose of assisting the ADL and like organizations in the delusion that they are saintly paupers wandering the earth ever in search of peace and love.

The stance of the ADL is in fact riddled with schizophrenic contradictions which the sane and informed man finds intellectually offensive. In one recent example, during a prolonged rant in Abraham Foxman’s Jews & Money: The Story of a Stereotype, the ADL director claims that, “Jews are just another ethnic minority,”[1] and yet in the same chapter writes: “the Jewish federation movement makes up one of the ten largest charitable organizations in the United States. Bear in mind that Jews constitute just under 2 percent of the total population of the country”[2]; “Jewish foundations represent almost 18 percent of the total 39,000 private foundations identified by the Foundation Centre — another enormous disproportion in view of the tiny size of the Jewish population”[3]; “Jews have enjoyed success in the business world out of proportion to their share of the population”[4]; and that in relation to Jews in the media and Hollywood “the idea that Jews are unusually successful does have a grain of truth.”[5]

Just a grain Mr. Foxman? While we’re at it we may as well call the Sahara a sandbox, and Titanic a bath toy.

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6de867  No.16796518

>>16796448

>>16796456

>>16796461

>>16796503

“Justice Denied: Thoughts on Truth, ‘Canards’and the Marc Rich Case: Part Two of Two” - Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg – Part 5

https://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2013/05/12/justice-denied-thoughts-on-truth-canardsand-the-marc-rich-case-part-two-of-two/

May 12, 2013

You see, according to Mr. Foxman and the ADL, Jews are at one and the same time “just another ethnic minority” and nothing at all like any other ethnic minority. The “rules of the game” are a little different for them. You might say they are equal — just a little more equal than the rest of us.

At the conclusion of Mr. Foxman’s epic tome, he almost plagiarises Kevin Macdonald when he writes: “We all have that grain of tribal loyalty inside us that makes us care just that little bit more about ‘people like us’ than about ‘those others.’ Maybe it has evolutionary roots: There may have been adaptive value to behaviors that increased the survival of ‘my’ genes as opposed to those of the people in the next valley. … It’s usually expressed in such forms as our love for a culture and traditions we find familiar and beautiful, the pride we feel about accomplishments by members of our group, and the desire to see what is best about our heritage preserved and extended into future generations.”[6]

Hear, hear Mr. Foxman, but forgive me if I doubt your sincerity. You and your organizations, pockets bulging with finances of dubious origin, have never shown the slightest acceptance of our desire to preserve our heritage and our people.

I’ll close, as I began, with some words from the noble Marcus Aurelius:

If someone can prove me wrong and show me my mistake in any thought or action, I shall gladly change. I seek the truth, which never harmed anyone: to harm is to persist in one’s self-deception and ignorance.

Marcus Aurelius, Meditations, Book Six, Verse 21.

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4c4033  No.16811289

File: 8d8676839d7f39a⋯.jpeg (51.02 KB, 720x719, 720:719, 8d8676839d7f39a3bb1713f04….jpeg)

Spam should be cleared

Hoping nothing we wanted to keep got nuked in the process, might be asking for a re-post in that case

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6de867  No.16827001

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16795048

It is interesting how Jewish Oligarchs are involved in the Ukraine and have a home in London.

“GLOBAL THREATS AND UKRAINE’S CONTRIBUTION.”

https://youtu.be/KWHLea9HGL4

Posted September 11, 2021, on the Victor Pinchuk Foundation channel and opening remarks by Victor Pinchuk. “Steven Sakur and Volodymyr Zelenskyy opened #YESBrainstorming with a panel discussion on global challenges and Ukraine's contribution.”

“Victor Pinchuk and his connections; Ukraine, London, Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Henry Kissinger, etc.” – Part 1

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/03/victor-pinchuk-interpipe-debt-downgraded-junk

3 April 2014

A major company owned by one of Ukraine's wealthiest oligarchs – who boasts a £2bn fortune and counts Tony Blair, Bill Clinton, Elton John and Damien Hirst among his friends – has had its debt downgraded to junk amid concerns about its finances.

Victor Pinchuk, who was reported last year to be bankrolling the former British prime minister's Faith Foundation and owns an £80m home in London, controls the Ukraine industrial pipe manufacturer Interpipe, which is struggling to repay creditors.

The financial crisis at his company comes as the tycoon has become a vocal supporter of the new Ukraine regime – despite his businesses deriving a significant chunk of their sales from Russia.

“As Pro-European Protests Seize Ukraine, Jewish Oligarch Victor Pinchuk Is a Bridge to the West”

https://www.islam-radio.net/islam/english/jewishp/ukraine/pinchuk-ukraine-jew-oligarch.htm

December 13, 2013

The steel magnate—son-in-law of the former president and once a symbol of post-Soviet nepotism—now advocates for the rule of law

One breezy evening last September, Viktor Pinchuk, Ukraine’s second-richest man, stepped onstage at the Livadia Palace in the Black Sea resort of Yalta to introduce the star speaker of the annual international conference he hosts to promote his country’s ties with the West: former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Nearby, at a table set for an exquisite five-course meal, sat her husband; they were joined in the hall by Shimon Peres and Tony Blair, as well as a number of former European heads of state, top diplomats, and business tycoons. “Mr. President, you are really a super star,” Pinchuk told Bill Clinton in a seemingly apologetic tone, “but Secretary Clinton, she is a real, real mega star.”

Pinchuk, a Jewish son of the Soviet system who became a steel and media magnate and, more recently, fashioned himself into a billionaire philanthropist, was in his element. At age 52, Pinchuk basks in his newfound role as a global philanthropist and a leading Westernizer of his country—and a man rich and powerful enough to crack jokes at the expense of a former American president.

It’s been a remarkable transformation. Just nine years ago, Pinchuk—the son-in-law of Ukraine’s then-President Leonid Kuchma—was denounced by many of his compatriots as a robber baron who used his personal connections to snap up some of the most valuable assets in Ukraine for a song during the post-Soviet privatization wave while millions of his countrymen struggled to make ends meet. In the fraud-ridden election that triggered Ukraine’s so-called Orange Revolution in 2004, Pinchuk backed Kuchma’s handpicked successor—Viktor Yanukovych, who eventually won the presidency in 2010 and whose recent decision to shelve a key treaty with the European Union and instead embrace Russia triggered the demonstrations that have seized Kiev in recent weeks.

It’s been a remarkable transformation. Just nine years ago, Pinchuk—the son-in-law of Ukraine’s then-President Leonid Kuchma—was denounced by many of his compatriots as a robber baron who used his personal connections to snap up some of the most valuable assets in Ukraine for a song during the post-Soviet privatization wave while millions of his countrymen struggled to make ends meet. In the fraud-ridden election that triggered Ukraine’s so-called Orange Revolution in 2004, Pinchuk backed Kuchma’s handpicked successor—Viktor Yanukovych, who eventually won the presidency in 2010 and whose recent decision to shelve a key treaty with the European Union and instead embrace Russia triggered the demonstrations that have seized Kiev in recent weeks.

But Pinchuk held on. He has spent the years since the Orange Revolution working to build a profile as a philanthropist. He recently pledged half his fortune, estimated by Forbes at $3.8 billion, to charity and has underwritten large-scale AIDS campaigns, opened up a free museum of contemporary art in central Kiev, and teamed up with Steven Spielberg to produce a documentary about the Holocaust in Ukraine. As pro-European reforms have stalled, Pinchuk has emerged as his country’s top advocate in the West, using his annual Yalta summits to push for Ukraine’s closer integration with the European Union.

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6de867  No.16827010

>>16827001

“Victor Pinchuk and his connections; Ukraine, London, Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Henry Kissinger, etc.” – Part 2

https://www.islam-radio.net/islam/english/jewishp/ukraine/pinchuk-ukraine-jew-oligarch.htm

December 13, 2013

Pinchuk initially stayed silent as protesters barricaded themselves in the capital this month, even though his television channels covered them energetically. (His father-in-law Kuchma, one of the targets of the 2004 revolution, has joined two former Ukrainian presidents in signing a letter of support for the demonstrations.) But in the last few days, as the government moved to violently disperse the encampments, Pinchuk finally broke his silence, showing up at the protest camp himself and praising the demonstrators’ spirit. “The most important is that Ukrainian civil society has shown its strength,” he told the Financial Times this week. “Nothing is more powerful. It gives me huge optimism for the future of our country.”

It’s an evolution that people who know Pinchuk say makes sense: The experience of nearly losing his business empire after the Orange Revolution made clear that the post-Soviet system he helped create, in which fortunes could crumble with a change of political winds, was flawed. “He would like to be in a situation where it doesn’t matter to him who the next president of Ukraine is going to be,” said Steven Pifer, who has known Pinchuk since serving as the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine from 1998 to 2000. (Pifer now works at the Brookings Institution in Washington, which receives funding from Pinchuk.) “The advantage for him of Ukraine becoming a rule-of-law society is that it doesn’t matter.”

Pinchuk has close-cropped hair, shrewd brown eyes, and the confidence a wealthy man. His headquarters, in a high-rise in the center of Kiev, is decorated with contemporary art sculptures, part of his multimillion dollar collection. Photos displayed prominently in his office show Pinchuk in the company of Spielberg, Henry Kissinger, and the Obamas. When I visited earlier this month, Pinchuk was accompanied by three aides, armed with a set of recorders. “Are three voice recorders enough?” he teased his staff when we sat down.

Born in Kiev in 1960, Viktor Mikhailovich Pinchuk was raised in the industrial city of Dnipropetrovsk in eastern Ukraine, in a family of Jewish intelligentsia.

Yet the Pinchuks were decidedly Soviet, eating pork and, on the rare occasions they could afford it, black caviar. They decorated a tree at New Year’s—the secular Soviet replacement for Christmas. “When I was young, I felt myself a Soviet man and was proud of it,” Pinchuk recalled.

With the end of the Soviet command economy and the launch of free-market reforms, the state was no longer in charge of economic planning, and the industrial supply chain was crumbling. Pipe factories stood idle without steel, steel plants required coke, coking plants needed coal, and coal miners were in desperate need of pipes—but also wanted the impossible-to-get consumer goods such as refrigerators, microwaves, juicers, and cars that every Soviet man had always dreamed of. Enter Viktor Pinchuk. By procuring the coveted juicers and clunky Tavria cars for coal miners at an exchange in Moscow, he was able to obtain coal for coking plants, which he traded for coke to send to steel factories and then metal for pipe production, eventually walking away with several thousand tons of pipes—which by then had turned into prized hard currency compared to suddenly worthless banknotes. “Juicers turned into pipes,” Pinchuk said of how he became a millionaire.

As his business grew, Pinchuk started buying into steel plants and then teamed up with a woman named Yulia Tymoshenko, a protégée of the feared Dnipropetrovsk governor Pavlo Lazarenko. In the mid-1990s, Pinchuk and Tymoshenko founded Commonwealth, a firm that imported much-needed natural gas from the energy-rich Central Asian states to Ukraine. But the alliance was short-lived: Tymoshenko soon ditched Pinchuk and set up an energy trading firm of her own.

In 1997, while attending a popular Moscow play in a Kiev theater, Pinchuk met Yelena Franchuk, a delicate blonde—and the daughter of then-President Kuchma. Both were married at the time, but they nevertheless felt the spark of romance. Pinchuk asked [Russian conductor Vladimir] Spivakov, who was giving a concert in Kiev that he knew Franchuk was attending the day after her birthday, to perform an encore for “one Kiev birthday girl.” Franchuk realized the surprise was for her, and Spivakov later became a witness at their wedding. (She recently changed her last name to Pinchuk.)

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6de867  No.16827020

File: 82394d4e67b91db⋯.jpg (103.5 KB, 915x720, 61:48, Victor_Pinchuk_Bill_Clinto….JPG)

File: 9666efd4264ffbc⋯.jpg (87.9 KB, 916x744, 229:186, Victor_Pinchuk_George_Cloo….JPG)

File: db6188ab60e1044⋯.jpg (99.58 KB, 831x706, 831:706, Victor_Pinchuk_Hillary_Cli….JPG)

File: 9c71bc8a9184530⋯.jpg (90.05 KB, 1167x814, 1167:814, Victor_Pinchuk.JPG)

>>16827001

>>16827010

“Victor Pinchuk and his connections; Ukraine, London, Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Henry Kissinger, etc.” – Part 3

https://www.islam-radio.net/islam/english/jewishp/ukraine/pinchuk-ukraine-jew-oligarch.htm

December 13, 2013

When they met, Pinchuk already owned two pipe factories that are now worth billions. He likes to say that the only gift he received from Kuchma was his daughter—but not everybody is convinced. Kuchma, now 75, who served as the second president of independent Ukraine, is credited with launching the crucial reforms to steer his country out of the economic ruin that followed the Soviet collapse, but he is also accused of allowing a group of hand-picked businessmen—including Pinchuk—to acquire the country’s top industrial assets at a discount in exchange for their support of his rule.

While in neighboring Russia, oligarchs like the late Boris Berezovsky spent years working their way into the inner circle of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, Pinchuk, his critics say, was spared the effort—Ukraine’s president sat across from him at the dinner table. As Kuchma was nearing the end of his final term in office in the early 2000s, he put top metallurgical and mining plants up for sale; Pinchuk, who by then was also serving as a member of a party in parliament loyal to Kuchma, took an active part in the tenders.

In 2003, Pinchuk won an auction for the majority stake in the Nikopol Ferroalloy Plant, one of the world’s largest producers of ferroalloy, in a tender his rivals called skewed in Pinchuk’s favor, prompting a protracted and messy ownership dispute. The following year, Pinchuk partnered with another oligarch, Rinat Akhmetov—today Ukraine’s richest man—to snap up the country’s biggest steel plant, Krivorozhstal. A year later, the deal was annulled and the plant was sold to British-Indian steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal for $4.8 billion—six times the price paid by Pinchuk and his partner. The sale of Krivorozhstal became a metaphor for corruption under Kuchma, and the affair dealt a harsh blow to Pinchuk’s reputation, not just at home, but in the United States: In a diplomatic cable to Washington released by WikiLeaks, former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine William Taylor wrote that the two auctions were “rigged” in favor of Pinchuk and sold “for a cut-rate price.”

Ten years later, Pinchuk says he would have handled some of the privatizations differently, knowing then what he knows today. “Being a member of the president’s family is not an easy test,” Pinchuk said. “Yes, I did make some mistakes in that capacity,” he said of the Krivorozhstal purchase. “From the legal standpoint, it was all honest and right,” he went on. “But I shouldn’t have participated in that from a purely political standpoint.” Nikopol, he went on, is a different story. “In the culture, traditions, and aesthetics of that time, it was one of the best examples of privatization,” Pinchuk said. “Clearly, it was not all smiles and sunshine, it wasn’t kosher, but it was one of the best examples. It was in line with the aesthetics of that time.”

But even with all the obvious flaws of post-Soviet capitalists, many experts say that they skirted laws in an environment when laws were still being written and that without their wits and risk-taking, Ukraine, like neighboring Russia and some other ex-Soviet republics, risked sliding into a full economic collapse, a reversion to communism and authoritarianism. “It’s a special kind of people on which capitalism rests,” Aleksandr Paskhaver, head of the Center for Economic Development think tank, said of Pinchuk and other oligarchs. Without them, he added, “I would like to see what this country would have looked like.”

In the freezing winter of 2004, at the height of the Orange Revolution, opposition leader Yuri Lutsenko took a stroll through a protest tent camp set up on the capital’s main street, Khreshchatyk, a prominent tourist destination. Ukrainians had turned out in tens, even hundreds, of thousands to protest what they perceived as an attempt by Kuchma’s protégé Yanukovych to steal the vote and call for a new, honest election.

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6de867  No.16827031

>>16827001

>>16827010

>>16827020

“Victor Pinchuk and his connections; Ukraine, London, Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Henry Kissinger, etc.” – Part 4

https://www.islam-radio.net/islam/english/jewishp/ukraine/pinchuk-ukraine-jew-oligarch.htm

December 13, 2013

Accompanying Lutsenko that evening was Viktor Pinchuk and Maria, his grown daughter from his first marriage, who had just flown to Kiev from London, where she was then studying. Pinchuk—Kuchma’s son-in-law and a public supporter of Yanukovych—was an unlikely figure to show up in the heart of the Orange protest camp, which was dotted with posters and caricatures denouncing Kuchma and even Pinchuk himself. As if to make that point, a young female activist approached Pinchuk and, as Lutsenko remembers it, handed him a ribbon that said “Down with Kuchma,” which he accepted politely and passed on to his daughter. Lutsenko believes that Pinchuk was moved by what he saw around him, even though he probably realized that a victory of the Orange Revolution did not bode well for him personally. “Something historic was happening and if you are a patriot of your country, it doesn’t matter which candidate you support,” Pinchuk told me. “You love this country, you want to take part in building it.”

After the courts annulled Yanukovych’s fraud-marred victory, his opponent, the pro-Western Orange candidate Viktor Yushchenko was elected president in a repeat vote. He picked Yulia Tymoshenko, Pinchuk’s business partner-turned rival, as prime minister and Pinchuk’s fortunes started to dim—literally. After annulling the Krivorozhstal sale and auctioning it off to Mittal Steel, Tymoshenko went after Pinchuk’s Nikopol plant—a key piece of his business empire. But after less than a year in office, Tymoshenko—recognizable to many in the West for her the blond braid she wears coiled around her head—was fired amid accusations that she was lobbying in the interest of Pinchuk’s rival Ihor Kolomoisky, Ukraine’s third richest man. (Both denied it.) A protracted and messy ownership dispute with Kolomoisky over Nikopol ensued, leading to a shaky settlement in 2006. (The truce hasn’t lasted: This past spring, Pinchuk filed suit in London against Kolomoisky and his partner Gennady Bogolyubov—both, like Pinchuk, Jewish oligarchs from Dnipropetrovsk—over the rights to a major ore-mining company.)

While he still lives like an oligarch, buying one of the most expensive mansions in London, paying $23 million for a Jeff Koons sculpture, and spending $5 million on his birthday party at the French ski resort of Courchevel, according to the New York Times and Forbes, he has been devoting an increasing amount of time and effort to philanthropy.

In 2006, Pinchuk left politics and established an eponymous foundation, which has distributed several hundred million dollars on a variety of projects, from funding an English-language economics school to building neonatal clinics. While his fellow post-Soviet oligarchs splurge on soccer teams, Pinchuk has opened a museum of contemporary art in Kiev, one of the largest in Central and Eastern Europe, bringing star artists—Koons, Damien Hirst, and Takashi Murakami—to new terrain and placing Ukraine on the global cultural map.

Pinchuk has also partnered with Steven Spielberg to produce Spell Your Name, a documentary about the Babi Yar massacre of over 33,000 Jews in a Kiev ravine in Nazi-occupied Kiev in one of the bloodiest chapters of the Holocaust in Ukraine. Pinchuk, whose family managed to escape Babi Yar but had friends who perished there, invested some $1 million into the movie, according to Lifestyles magazine. The film was also made into a learning manual for Ukrainian teachers to promote tolerance among Ukraine’s young. Pinchuk has also funded Holocaust by Bullets, a project of Fr. Patrick Desbois, a French Catholic priest who has spent several years canvassing Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus in search for the unmarked graves of hundreds of thousands of Jews who were gunned down by the Nazis and their collaborators before gas chambers were put to use.

He supports Ukraine’s resurgent Jewish community both financially and morally. On Pinchuk’s invitation, Tony Blair donned a yarmulke and toured Dnipropetrovsk’s gleaming new synagogue; the billionaire also took Chelsea Clinton with her Jewish husband Marc Mezvinsky, whose ancestors are from Ukraine, to the synagogue in Kiev.

In 2008, he invited Paul McCartney to sing in front of several hundred thousand euphoric Ukrainians on Kiev’s Independence Square, the site of the Orange Revolution protests and to millions more who watched Pinchuk’s TV channels, saying that a country cannot be considered democratic unless the Beatles sing there. The charity concert, which raised about half a million dollars to fight cancer, cost Pinchuk $5 million, according to the New York Times.

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6de867  No.16827039

>>16827001

>>16827010

>>16827020

>>16827031

“Victor Pinchuk and his connections; Ukraine, London, Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Henry Kissinger, etc.” – Part 5

https://www.islam-radio.net/islam/english/jewishp/ukraine/pinchuk-ukraine-jew-oligarch.htm

December 13, 2013

Pinchuk’s two other pet projects, the Yalta European Strategy conference and the Ukrainian lunch at the annual World Economic Forum at Davos, have helped open Ukraine to the West. The speakers at Yalta have included Shimon Peres, Newt Gingrich, Condoleezza Rice, Richard Branson, and, this year, Tony Blair and the Clintons. (Pinchuk is a generous contributor to both Blair’s and Clinton’s foundations.) But in the past three years, since Yanukovych, the target of the 2004 protests, was elected president, Pinchuk’s Yalta summits have become platforms for drawing Yanukovych, and Ukraine, toward the West, away from Moscow.

The conferences have also provided a kind of open debate that has been unseen elsewhere in Ukraine in recent years, let alone in much of the post-Soviet Union. This year, Vitaly Klitschko, the world heavyweight boxing champion and a top opposition leader, stood up from his seat, towering over the audience at 6 feet 7 inches, and asked Yanukovych point blank whether he would have the guts to resign. Lutsenko—who was jailed, along with Tymoshenko, after Yanukovych came to power—stood and begged Yanukovych to set Tymoshenko free. Finally, Hillary Clinton used her keynote speech to compliment Ukrainian chocolates, which are banned in Russia as retaliation for Kiev’s moves toward the European Union. This week, after Yanukovych flooded Kiev with riot police, Clinton called on the government to “choose dialogue with its people, not force.”

“Pinchuk was the first one to understand the necessity of capitalization of not only of his business, but also of the country,” Lutsenko said. “Today he is the promoter of Ukraine’s European path.”

Pinchuk is clearly also aware that his charitable work gives him a valuable venue for improving his reputation, befriending influential people in the West and, ultimately, securing protection for his family and assets at home. Last year, he signed up for the Giving Pledge, a movement led by Bill Gates and Warren Buffet to get the world’s billionaires to donate half of their money to charity. “It doesn’t really matter what a person begins from,” Pinchuk said, waving off a question about his intentions. “What matters is what he does and what he achieves in the end.”

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6de867  No.16827061

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16827001 - John Bolton was in the audience at 4:19

>“GLOBAL THREATS AND UKRAINE’S CONTRIBUTION.”

>https://youtu.be/KWHLea9HGL4

>Posted September 11, 2021, on the Victor Pinchuk Foundation channel and opening remarks by Victor Pinchuk. “Steven Sakur and Volodymyr Zelenskyy opened #YESBrainstorming with a panel discussion on global challenges and Ukraine's contribution.”

“John Bolton on Russia's War in Ukraine | Emma Barnett Meets” - https://youtu.be/vya8YbN6SnI

“ABOUT JOHN BOLTON TAKING CORRUPT UKRAINIAN MONEY. IT’S TRUE AND HE WASN’T ALONE.”

https://politicalarena.org/2020/01/29/about-john-bolton-taking-corrupt-ukrainian-money-its-true-and-he-wasnt-alone/

January 29, 2020

I have researched it and yes John Bolton did take $115,000 which was largely supplied by Victor Pinchuk, to attend a conference and give a speech.

Pinchuk is a corrupt Ukrainian Oligarch who was in part behind the phony “Russian Dossier” and protecting Burisma, Hunter Biden etc. Pinchuk also have the Clinton Foundation $29 million.

Other Republicans including Condoleezza Rice and Newt Gingrich took money to speak there as well. They should have known better.

The Atlantic Council (which spreads lots of money to American politicians, mostly Democrats) and the YES (Yalta European Strategy) Foundation are fronts for Pinchuk and his cabal of corruption.

LINKS:

https://pinchukfund.org/en/projects/18442/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/jared-kushner-and-ivanka-trump-made-at-least-82-million-in-outside-income-last-year-while-serving-in-the-white-house-filings-show/2018/06/11/a41d0720-6dab-11e8-bd50-b80389a4e569_story.html

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/john-bolton-was-paid-115000-to-participate-in-two-panels-sponsored-by-foundation-of-ukrainian-steel-magnate/2018/06/12/df6d48a0-6e67-11e8-afd5-778aca903bbe_story.html

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6de867  No.16827194

“Victor Pinchuk, the Clintons & Endless Connections” – Part 1

https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

http://web.archive.org/web/20180716031557/https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

March 11, 2018

I wrote on the role of Alexandra Chalupa – a Ukrainian-American DNC operative – who appears at the center of the DNC’s construction of information used in the Steele Dossier.

The role of former Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland in disseminating the Dossier – along with her involvement in shaping Ukraine – was also discussed.

The name Victor Pinchuk was mentioned.

Victor Pinchuk is a Ukrainian billionaire.

He is the founder of Interpipe, a steel pipe manufacturer. He also owns Credit Dnipro Bank, some ferroalloy plants and a media empire.

He is married to Elena Pinchuk, the daughter of former Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma.

Pinchuk’s been accused of profiting immensely from the purchase of state-owned assets at severely below-market prices through political favoritism.

Pinchuk used his media empire to deflect blame from his father-in-law, Kuchma, for the September 16, 2000 murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze. Kuchma was never charged but is widely believed to have ordered the murder. A series of recordings would seem to back up this assertion.

On April 4 through April 12 2016, Ukrainian Parliamentarian Olga Bielkov had four meetings – with Samuel Charap (International Institute for Strategic Studies), Liz Zentos (National Security Council), Michael Kimmage (State Dept) and David Kramer (McCain Institute).

Doug Schoen filed FARA documents [https://efile.fara.gov/docs/6071-Supplemental-Statement-20160517-10.pdf] showing that he was paid $40,000 a month by Victor Pinchuk (page 5) – in part to arrange these meetings.

Schoen attempted to arrange another 72 meetings with Congressmen and media (page 10). It is unknown how many meetings took place.

Schoen has worked for both Bill and Hillary Clinton.

Schoen helped Pinchuk establish ties with the Clinton Foundation. The Wall Street Journal reported [https://www.wsj.com/articles/clinton-charity-tapped-foreign-friends-1426818602] how Schoen connected Pinchuk with senior Clinton State Department staffers in order to pressure former Ukrainian President Yanukovych to release Yulia Tymoshenko – a political rival of Yanukovych – from jail.

The relationship between Pinchuk and the Clintons continued.

From the Kyiv Post:

In 2013, Ukrainian billionaire Victor Pinchuk welcomed current U.S. Democratic Party presidential nominee Hillary Clinton onto the stage at his Yalta European Strategy, an annual conference he funds to promote Ukraine’s European integration and strategy, calling her: “a real megastar.”

Clinton and her husband Bill, the 42nd U.S. president, have been paid speakers at the annual YES and other Pinchuk events. They describe themselves as friends of Pinchuk, who is known internationally as a businessman and philanthropist.

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6de867  No.16827198

>>16827194

“Victor Pinchuk, the Clintons & Endless Connections” – Part 2

https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

http://web.archive.org/web/20180716031557/https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

March 11, 2018

To date, Pinchuk’s charitable foundation has given $125 million to various causes, according to his spokespeople.

Although exact numbers are not clear, reports filed by the Clinton Foundation indicate that as much as $25 million of Pinchuk’s “charitable donations” went to the Clinton organization.

From a New York Times article:

Victor Pinchuk, a steel magnate whose father-in-law, Leonid Kuchma, was president of Ukraine from 1994 to 2005, has directed between $10 million and $25 million to the foundation. He has lent his private plane to the Clintons and traveled to Los Angeles in 2011 to attend Mr. Clinton’s star-studded 65th birthday celebration.

Later, the Clintons would try to distance themselves from Pinchuk.

From a Washington Examiner article [http://web.archive.org/web/20180504031122/https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/emails-show-clinton-denied-then-met-with-ukrainian-donor/article/2600040]:

Emails made public Tuesday show a Ukrainian businessman and major Clinton Foundation donor was invited to Hillary Clinton’s home during the final year of her diplomatic tenure, despite her spokesman’s insistence in 2014 that the donor never crossed paths with Clinton while she served as secretary of state.

Amid scrutiny of Clinton’s ties to Pinchuk in 2014, the Democratic nominee’s spokesman, Nick Merrill, said Pinchuk had never met with Clinton during that time. He told the New York Times that, “from Jan. 21, 2009, to Feb. 1, 2013,” the Ukrainian businessman “was never on her schedule.”

Pinchuk, who has given up to $25 million to the Clinton Foundation, appeared on the guest list that was sent between Dennis Cheng, an executive at the foundation, and Huma Abedin, then Clinton’s deputy chief of staff at the State Department, ahead of a June 2012 dinner. Abedin noted in a subsequent email that the gathering would be hosted in Clinton’s home.

Pinchuk’s dinner invitation was exposed in a series of emails obtained by Citizens United.

There has been a repeated pattern of denial between the Clintons and their major donors. See: A Uranium One Primer – Clinton, Giustra & Kazakhstan’s Uranium Assets.

More from the article:

Melanne Verveer, a senior Ukrainian-American official at the State Department, often acted as a go-between for Clinton and Pinchuk. Verveer conveyed Pinchuk’s best wishes to the secretary of state in Feb. 2010 after meeting with him in Ukraine.

After speaking with Pinchuk in Sept. 2011, Verveer informed Clinton that the businessman had been asked by Viktor Yanukovych, then the president of Ukraine, to relay to her some of his diplomatic interests in deepening ties to the rest of Europe.

The intersection of Pinchuk’s advocacy for Yanukovych with Clinton’s State Department is noteworthy because Paul Manafort, former campaign manager for Donald Trump, was felled by his connections to Yanukovych. Manafort resigned from the Trump campaign last week.

Hacked Podesta emails released via Wikileaks showed ongoing contact between Pinchuk and the Clintons. From a March 30, 2015 email:

Victor Pinchuk is relentlessly following up (including this morning) about a meeting with WJC in London or anywhere in Europe. Ideally he wants to bring together a few western leaders to show support for Ukraine, with WJC probably their most important participant.

I sense this is so important because Pinchuk is under Putin’s heel right now, feeling a great degree of pressure and pain for his many years of nurturing stronger ties with the West.

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6de867  No.16827204

>>16827194

>>16827198

“Victor Pinchuk, the Clintons & Endless Connections” – Part 3

https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

http://web.archive.org/web/20180716031557/https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

March 11, 2018

In addition to being a Clinton Foundation donor, Pinchuk is also on the International Advisory Board of the Atlantic Counsel – an NATO-aligned American think tank specializing in the field of international affairs.

Pinchuk’s fellow Advisory Board members are industry leaders and former heads of state.

Their Board of Directors list is equally – if not more – impressive.

The Atlantic Counsel has been historically active in Ukraine through their Ukraine in Europe Initiative. More recently, on January 19, 2017, the Atlantic Counsel announced a partnership with Ukrainian natural gas company Burisma Group.

Hunter Biden, former VP Joe Biden’s son, sits on Burisma’s board.

Biden was placed on Burisma’s board after Victoria Nuland and U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt held a phone conversation regarding installation of Arseniy Yatsenyuk in place of then-President Yanukovych. Need of support from VP Biden was noted (more here):

On or before February 4 2014 – Call between Pyatt and Nuland discussing removal of Yanukovych and installation of Yatsenyuk.

February 22, 2014 – Yanukovych was removed as President of Ukraine.

February 27 2014 – Yatsenyuk was installed as Prime Minister of Ukraine. Yatsenyuk would resign in April 2016 amidst corruption accusations.

April 18 2014 – Hunter Biden was appointed to the Board of Directors for Burisma – one of the largest natural gas companies in Ukraine.

April 22 2014 – VP Biden travels to Ukraine and offers support and $50 million in aid for Yatsenyuk’s shaky new government.

The Atlantic Council, along with the Brookings Institute and the Center for Strategic and International Studies, were the subject of an unflattering portrayal in a New York Times article, Foreign Powers Buy Influence at Think Tanks:

More than a dozen prominent Washington research groups have received tens of millions of dollars from foreign governments in recent years while pushing United States government officials to adopt policies that often reflect the donors’ priorities, an investigation by The New York Times has found.

The think tanks do not disclose the terms of the agreements they have reached with foreign governments. And they have not registered with the United States government as representatives of the donor countries, an omission that appears, in some cases, to be a violation of federal law.

As a result, policy makers who rely on think tanks are often unaware of the role of foreign governments in funding the research.

The arrangements involve Washington’s most influential think tanks, including the Brookings Institution, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the Atlantic Council.

Each is a major recipient of overseas funds, producing policy papers, hosting forums and organizing private briefings for senior United States government officials that typically align with the foreign governments’ agendas.

Some interesting connections run through the Atlantic Council.

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6de867  No.16827217

>>16827194

>>16827198

>>16827204

“Victor Pinchuk, the Clintons & Endless Connections” – Part 4

https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

http://web.archive.org/web/20180716031557/https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

March 11, 2018

Dimitry Alperovich – the CEO of Crowdstrike that “investigated” the hacking of the DNC’s servers is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at Atlantic. The FBI was refused access to independently examine the DNC servers. Interestingly, Alperovich’s bio appears to have been disabled.

The Crowdstrike findings have been repeatedly called into questioned:

A New Report Raises Big Questions About Last Year’s DNC Hack – forensics indicate that DNC emails were copied by an insider via USB and not hacked via external actors.

Intel Vets Challenge ‘Russia Hack’ Evidence – DNC data was copied onto a storage device at a speed that far exceeds an Internet capability for a remote hack. Forensics show that the copying was performed on the East coast of the U.S.

New Questions Over Claim Russia Hacked the Election – Cybersecurity experts who were first to conclude that Putin hacked presidential election abandon some of their claims against Russia – and refuse to co-operate with Congress.

James Clapper – Obama’s Director of National Intelligence, serves on the Atlantic Council’s International Advisory Board. Clapper was the architect of the report on Russian Election Interference – Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent U.S. Elections.

I encourage you to read the report. I think you’ll find it surprisingly lacking in detail – highly generalized with very little in the way of substance.

The report was technically created by a joint effort between the CIA (former Director John Brennan), FBI (former Director James Comey) and the NSA (current Director Mike Rogers) – and assembled by the DNI (former Director James Clapper).

The joint report contains one significant caveat:

CIA and FBI have high confidence in this judgment; NSA has only moderate confidence.

Actually, NSA Director Admiral Mike Rogers stated in Senate hearing testimony that his confidence did not reach even this threshold:

I wouldn’t call it a discrepancy, I’d call it an honest difference of opinion between three different organizations and in the end I made that call.…It didn’t have the same level of sourcing and the same level of multiple sources.

In essence, the DNI’s report was constructed by just three men – former DNI Director Clapper, former CIA Director Brennan and former FBI Director Comey.

This report was then used to push the entire Russian Narrative.

It’s appearing increasingly likely that Clapper either used or affirmed some data from the Steele Dossier in the IC Assessment Report.

Evelyn Farkas – who famously disclosed the plan to disseminate information gathered on President Trump, is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at Atlantic. Farkas served as Obama’s Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Russia/Ukraine/Eurasia.

The Trump folks, if they found out how we knew what we knew about the Trump staff dealing with Russians, that they would try to compromise those sources and methods, meaning we would no longer have access to that intelligence.

Irena Chalupa – possibly related to Alexandra Chalupa (I’ve been unable to confirm and have seen conflicting reports) – is a Non-Resident Fellow at Atlantic. Irena Chalupa is also a senior correspondent at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. She is a former Director of the Ukrainian National Information Service (UNIS) – the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America’s Washington public affairs bureau.

Irena Chalupa is also a member of StopFake.org – Struggle Against Fake Information About Events In Ukraine.

Irena Chalupa’s ideological interests in Ukraine are aligned directly with those of Alexandra Chalupa.

Evelyn Farkas and Irena Chalupa worked together in 2014 on the Atlantic Council’s Coordinating on Ukraine.

It seems the more one looks, the more connections one finds.

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6de867  No.16827232

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16827194

>>16827198

>>16827204

>>16827217

“Victor Pinchuk, the Clintons & Endless Connections” – Part 5

https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

http://web.archive.org/web/20180716031557/https://themarketswork.com/2018/03/11/victor-pinchuk-the-clintons-endless-connections/

March 11, 2018

Oleg Deripensky, a Russian oligarch once linked to Paul Manafort, published an Op-Ed in which he made the claim that George Soros was helping fund Fusion GPS.

He also highlighted a conversation between Senator Sheldon Whitehouse and Victoria Nuland at the Munich Security Conference in February 2018.

I highlighted Nuland’s role in structuring the Ukrainian government in 2014.

I don’t know about the Soros connection but I did find the Whitehouse-Nuland conversation (https://youtu.be/MOAIPRy5CkY)

WHITEHOUSE: Even in an area [Climate Change] where the administration has carved out perhaps the most irresponsible position it could, on an issue of global significance, nevertheless you can’t really resist the pressure of fact and science – and I guess what the Breitbart crowd would call the Deep State – but what many of us would call knowledgeable professionals who’ve given their lives to these things and actually know what they’re talking about…

…So even on that worst of all issues there’s still a hope for continuity – at least in the Deep State.

Note John Kerry smiling and applauding in the crowd.

NULAND: Well colleagues, you’ve now heard our bi-partisan, bicameral panel of Deep State crowd loyalists give broad reassurance about continuity in U.S. leadership and in U.S. policy overall.

For the record, Sheldon Whitehouse is a blithering idiot.

Continue watching the video a moment longer to see Ex-Representative Jane Harman pay homage to John McCain:

HARMAN: His voice, his presence, was instrumental in training generations of members of the U.S. Congress on foreign policy issues.

NULAND: And the U.S. State Department…

HARMAN: And the U.S. State Department too. He had his favorites, you being one Victoria.

I doubt John McCain has ever been right – in either policy or ideology. But he did leave quite an unfortunate influence.

These people all think the same. And they all think they know better than anyone else.

Despite a tedious repetition of corruption and policy failures.

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6de867  No.16827303

File: 885d8f3218090e6⋯.jpg (95.13 KB, 883x750, 883:750, Robert_Mueller_Viktor_Yanu….JPG)

>>16476818

>“The Great Deceptions of Robert Mueller: The Art of the Limited Hangout” – Marc Rich, Glencore, Clintons, etc.

>>16476838

>“Pan Am Flight 103: Robert Mueller’s 30-Year Search for Justice”

>>16476897

>“After Conviction of “El Chapo” Info Surfaces that James Comey was El Chapo’s Bank Money Laundering Fixer” – HSBC, Robert Mueller, Eric Holder, etc.

“Obama, the Bidens, the Clintons, the IMF and Others Pillaged Ukraine Then Forced Its Citizens to Pay Excessive Natural Gas Prices at 50% Above Market” – Part 1

https://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2019/09/obama-the-bidens-the-clintons-the-imf-and-others-pillaged-ukraine-then-forced-its-citizens-to-pay-excessive-natural-gas-prices-at-50-above-market/

September 24, 2019

President Obama, his Vice President Biden and his son, Hillary Clinton, the Clinton Foundation, Mueller, the Podestas, the IMF and others all pillaged the Ukraine and then delayed loans to the country before forcing Ukrainians to pay grossly inflated natural gas prices. Now these vultures claim they are innocent.

More than a year ago we reported that Robert Mueller was charging Paul Manafort for actions that Mueller committed himself.

The Gateway Pundit reported in August last year that Paul Manafort sits in solitary confinement for crimes he allegedly committed stemming from his work as a lobbyist in Ukraine years ago before Donald Trump ran for president.

For a little back story, Yulia Tymoshenko runs for reelection in Ukraine, she loses, and just like Hillary, Tymoshenko fails to lose gracefully and promises to #Resist. Her victorious opponent, Viktor Yanukovytch, throws her in jail for what many claim to be bogus charges.

We continued:

Anyway, due to all the negative publicity stemming from the Tymoshenko debacle, Yanukovytch tried to repair his image before the public, so he hired the lobbyist, Paul Manafort, who then hires John Podesta’s lobbying outfit. Their job was to make Yanukovytch seem like a really likable guy to the Ukrainian public, so Podesta gets both Obama, Hillary Clinton, and John Kerry’s State Department to do photo ops with Yanukovytch because, you know, the DNC coffers needed to be filled during election time, so they had to sell Yanukovytch as a real class act to the adoring public. Obama even went so far as to declare the Ukrainian election to be free and fair.

But guess who else did photo ops with Yanukovytch? Bob Mueller, the same Mueller that’s now prosecuting these very people. Rod Rosenstein’s memo said Mueller was specifically authorized to investigate allegations that Manafort “[c]ommitted a crime or crimes arising out of payments he received from the Ukrainian government before and during the tenure of President Viktor Yanukovych.”

Of course Mueller never recused himself from the Trump-Russia sham investigation due to his activities in the Ukraine. Meanwhile, Manafort rots in prison for his actions in the Ukraine working with Hillary Clinton’s Campaign Manager John Podesta. Mueller even gave Podesta’s brother Tony immunity during his corrupt ‘witch hunt’.

But this was just a small part of the corruption and pillaging of the Ukraine by the Democrat Party leaders.

We also reported that Oligarch Victor Pinchuk may have helped divert IMF funds to Hillary Clinton’s 2016 presidential campaign.

As we reported previously:

Also serving on the International Advisory Board of the Atlantic Council is James Clapper, who served as Obama’s Director of National Intelligence. Funnily enough, Bongino discovered that the Chief Technology Officer of “the only company that investigated the hacking of the DNC’s servers and quickly determined it was the Russians, is a nonresident senior fellow in cybersecurity” at the Atlantic Council. His name is Dmitri Alperovitch (owner of CrowdStrike).”

So the Clintons, Obama, the Bidens, Mueller, the Podestas and the Atlantic Council all were involved in the Ukraine. But this is just the tip of the iceberg. The IMF also had shady dealings with the Ukraine related to these same Democrats.

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6de867  No.16827310

>>16827303

“Obama, the Bidens, the Clintons, the IMF and Others Pillaged Ukraine Then Forced Its Citizens to Pay Excessive Natural Gas Prices at 50% Above Market” – Part 2

https://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2019/09/obama-the-bidens-the-clintons-the-imf-and-others-pillaged-ukraine-then-forced-its-citizens-to-pay-excessive-natural-gas-prices-at-50-above-market/

September 24, 2019

According to Wikipedia –

On 28 July 2010, the IMF approved a 29-month $15.15 billion loan to Ukraine.[7] Among others this led to a 50 percent increase on household natural gas utility prices in July 2010 for Ukrainian consumers (a key demand of the IMF in exchange of the loan).[8][9]

By December 2013, the Ukrainian Prime Minister, Mykola Azarov, stated “the extremely harsh conditions” of a renewed IMF loan (presented by the IMF on 20 November 2013), which included big budget cuts and a 40% increase in natural gas bills, had been the last argument in favor of the Ukrainian government’s decision to suspend preparations for signing the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement on 21 November 2013.[11][12][13] The decision to put off signing this EU-Ukraine Association Agreement lead [sic] to massive protests in Ukraine.[14][nb 1]

Then on December 10, 2013, President Yanukovych stated “We will certainly resume the IMF negotiations. If there are conditions that suit us, we will take that path”.[22] However, Yanukovych also (once again) stated that the conditions put forward by the IMF were unacceptable “I had a conversation with U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden, who told me that the issue of the IMF loan has almost been solved, but I told him that if the conditions remained… we did not need such loans”.[22]

In February 2014 Yanukovych and Azarov were forcibly removed from power (as a result of the pro-EU-Ukraine Association Agreement coup) and replaced by the Yatsenyuk Government.[24]

In March 2014 the IMF required the Ukraine to reform natural gas price subsidies in order to provide it with an aid package worth about $15 billion.[25] One of the expected effects was a 50% price hike on natural gas sold to domestic Ukrainian consumers.[25]

The Markets Work reported that Hunter Biden was placed on Burisma’s board after Obama’s State Department employee Victoria Nuland and the U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt held a phone conversation regarding installation of Arseniy Yatsenyuk in place of then-President Yanukovych. This call occurred on or before February 4, 2014.

On February 22, 2014, Yanukovych was removed as President of Ukraine and on February 27, 2014, Yatsenyuk was installed as Prime Minister of Ukraine. (Yatsenyuk would resign in April 2016 amidst corruption accusations.)

On April 18 2014, Hunter Biden was appointed to the Board of Directors for Burisma – one of the largest natural gas companies in Ukraine. Then on April 22, 2014, Obama’s Vice President Biden traveled to the Ukraine and offered support and $50 million in aid for Yatsenyuk’s shaky new government.

As a result of all this activity, the Bidens got a place on the Board of one of the largest natural gas companies in the Ukraine, the Clintons received millions from a Ukrainian Oligarch, the IMF got billions in loans with the Ukraine, and the people of the Ukraine were burdened with excessive natural gas prices.

And there it is.

Hat tip D. Manny

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882968  No.16841434

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

“Credit Crash” – “Feminism Was Created To Destabilize Society, Tax Women”, break up family; “Global Economic Collapse, Recession, Food Shortages”

https://youtu.be/1_F3HUPwbiU

July 5, 2022

According to Stephen Roach's book 'Unbalanced,' America and China are addicted to 'the political economy of false prosperity'. In America's case, they undertook a policy of increasing shareholder profits by cutting wages for workers. The problem? The global system was predicated on America being the planet's consumer market and China being the planet's production hub. If America stops buying, China (and the whole global economic system) will come unhinged. And Americans are getting poorer due to persistently decreased wages. The stopgap measure was promoting credit card usage and debt. By this method, they could keep up consumption rates. This worked to cover the gaps until the 2008 financial collapse. Afterward, the problem wasn't fixed, but was merely kicked down the road. By 2020, the credit markets were melting down due to these unaddressed problems–meaning it will be harder to get car loans, or house loans, or student loans. 74% of US GDP is based on real estate and personal consumption. If the credit is cut off, then these sectors will hemorrhage. More importantly still, China's economic position will buckle and collapse. Are we on the precipice of something really big?

2:16 – “We the Rockefellers funded that. We funded women’s lib. We’re the ones who got all the newspapers and television, the Rockefeller Foundation. He says, and you want to know why? He said there were two primary reasons… One reason was, we couldn’t tax half the population before women’s lib and the second reason was, now we get the kids in school at an early age. We can indoctrinate the kids how to think which breaks up the family. The kids look at the state as the family. As a school as the officials as their family not as the parents teaching them… When I saw their intentions behind it, where they are coming from when they created it… I saw the evil behind what I thought was a noble adventure.”

Video Sources:

“Aaron Russo: Feminism Was Created To Destabilize Society, Tax Women & Set-Up NWO” - https://rumble.com/v16l6m9-aaron-russo-feminism-was-created-to-destabilize-society-tax-women-and-set-u.html

“Edward Dowd - Global Economic Collapse, Recession, Food Shortages, Lockdowns, Monkeypox, & Preparing” - https://rumble.com/v18ed9z-edward-dowd-global-economic-collapse-recession-food-shortages-lockdowns-mon.html

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4c4033  No.16929339

File: 2496954a1511e4c⋯.png (121.62 KB, 967x556, 967:556, 2496954a1511e4cacefa5c3d67….png)

The spammers are still trying to attack. To thwart their efforts every post will require a captcha

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26663d  No.16931346

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

“Mbeki calls on ANC to guard against careerists in honor of Duarte” – “We are going to have our own version of the Arab Spring.”

https://youtu.be/mUEZ5nMCpGI

July 21, 2022

Former president Thabo Mbeki has called on ANC members to guard against those who are contesting leadership positions in order to enrich themselves.

Mbeki was speaking at the memorial service of the late ANC Deputy secretary general Jessie Duarte.

5:59 – “Because even in the 49th national conference of the ANC, was in December 1994. Even then, comrades at conference were saying, we’ve begung to inherit people into the ranks of the ANC who are not ANC. People are coming into the organization in order to use it as a stepladder to positions of state power in order to accumulate wealth for themselves.”

9:32 – “I think part of the crisis in terms of local government is illustrated by what is happening in Mangaung. Paralyzed until national government has to intervene, and who are these people who are paralyzed in the Mangaung municipality? It’s the ANC people. They’re fighting among themselves.”

12:28 – “We are going to have our own version of the Arab Spring.”

16:21 – “We have to be a nonracial movement but we are not.”

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26663d  No.16931357

>>16931346

>9:32 – “I think part of the crisis in terms of local government is illustrated by what is happening in Mangaung. Paralyzed until national government has to intervene, and who are these people who are paralyzed in the Mangaung municipality? It’s the ANC people. They’re fighting among themselves.”

“Cabinet appoints team to help Mangaung on road recovery” – ANC “fixes” what the ANC destroys - Part 1

https://www.devdiscourse.com/article/law-order/2118756-cabinet-appoints-team-to-help-mangaung-on-road-recovery

22-07-2022

Finance Minister Enoch Godongwana has called on the sixth administration of the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality to put the interests of communities first.

The Minister made the call during his introduction of the National Cabinet Representative (NCR) and technical support team for Mangaung, which was placed under administration earlier this year.

The national Section 139(7) intervention in the metro was approved by Cabinet on 6 April 2022.

"[The] primary responsibility [of the National Cabinet Representative and technical support team] is to stabilise this municipality by ensuring the implementation of the Financial Recovery Plan (FRP), on behalf of Cabinet.

"The team is here to ensure that the financial and service delivery problems in the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality are addressed.

"In this regard, Cabinet has appointed a team from Ntiyiso Consulting, led by Mr Paul Maseko, to help the municipality on its road to recovery," said Godongwana.

The Minister said Ntiyiso has been in the local government space for a number of years.

"Their experience and expertise, along with your unreserved support and willingness to implement the FRP, will ensure the improvement of the financial and service delivery performance."

The sixth term of the metro, which began in November 2021, coincides with formidable challenges faced by the municipality.

"Mangaung is under administration… and it saddens me that despite such intervention, no visible improvement can be found in your financial and service delivery performance.

"It is this situation that has necessitated that a more severe model of intervention is put in place, in order to protect the communities and people of Mangaung and to improve financial and service delivery performance in the municipality.

"This is among the first metropolitan municipalities to experience this severe level of financial and service delivery distress. Whilst service delivery in this municipalities has deteriorated over the years, it has accelerated over the recent period," Godongwana said.

Steps toward improvement

The Minister said the interface between political and administrative leadership needs to be improved if this municipality is to be stabilised.

He reminded councillors that in the democratic dispensation, there are provisions in place to deal with political and administrative infighting, as well as factionalism, "especially when these continue to impede service delivery".

"It is disheartening to see roads riddled with potholes, with little effort made to speedily execute the required repairs.

"For too long, basic and critical infrastructure has been allowed to fall into disrepair. This is but one of the obvious signs of municipal dysfunction. This is extremely disappointing, given the massive potential that this council must deliver quality services and uplift the people of Mangaung.

"I stand here before you, the new council, which has been in office for a period of six months since the November 2021 local government elections, pleading that you put the interests of communities first."

Godongwana urged those in the council not to use their privilege and power for personal gain.

"During the past few months, reports have been shared with me that indicate divisions and factionalism are rife in this council. These reports indicate that key decisions of the council are not being taken or delayed due to internal divisions.

"For example, the budget of the municipality was only approved at the third attempt, instead of being adopted, as per the legal requirements, by the 20th of May 2022. This does not inspire confidence in your ability to govern. It also sends worrying signals to investors."

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26663d  No.16931371

>>16931357

“Cabinet appoints team to help Mangaung on road recovery” – ANC "fixes" what the ANC destroys - Part 2

https://www.devdiscourse.com/article/law-order/2118756-cabinet-appoints-team-to-help-mangaung-on-road-recovery

22-07-2022

Financial Recovery Plan

For the successful implementation of the Financial Recovery Plan, support and guidance are needed.

Said Godongwana: "There also must be an attitude by the leadership that invests its energies in core service delivery initiatives. Get the basics right and you can achieve great things.

"This council is in a position to drag the municipality out of its current dysfunctional state. You must concentrate on positioning the Mangaung Metro as a trustworthy, performance-geared, and caring instrument of the people's will."

The NCR is expected to deepen the Section 139(7) National Intervention, which was launched by Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Minister, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, in April.

The Minister expressed confidence that with the help of Ntiyiso, the metro will get on the right track.

"Mr Maseko is delegated the authority to oversee this intervention, on behalf of the national Cabinet. It is important to emphasise that processes are already underway to update the existing FRP and to set new targets and timeframes for the implementation of FRP activities.

"Your municipality must implement these FRP activities and strive to meet targets and timeframes. Mr Maseko will oversee this process. He will provide regular updates to council and Cabinet on progress made, and on any blockages that arise. He will also ensure that every decision made in this municipality is in full compliance with the FRP."

(With Inputs from South African Government Press Release)

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9ff6e4  No.16931448

>>16415472

>Glencore was among dozens of companies accused of paying kickbacks to Iraq in 2005 by a commission that investigated the UN's Oil for Food programme. A preliminary judicial investigation found "a lack of culpable information". Meanwhile, in 2009, Glencore agreed to pay a cash settlement to Aluminium Bahrain to resolve a dispute over "controversial payments associated with a Glencore agent".

>>16462506

>“The ANC’s Oilgate” – Glencore, Iraq ties (Part 1)

>Imvume's role as an ANC "front company" first emerged in February last year when the M&G exposed its oil dealings with Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Imvume principal Sandi Majali obtained lucrative crude oil allocations from that regime when he travelled to Iraq with top ANC officials between 2000 and 2002. More recently, Imvume described its boss as ANC secretary-general Kgalema Motlanthe's "economic adviser".

>The contract that caused all the trouble was awarded by PetroSA to Imvume on October 15 2002 — the day President Thabo Mbeki publicly launched PetroSA as the national oil company.

>Under the contract, Imvume — with the backing of Swiss-based resource trader Glencore International — was to supply PetroSA with regular cargoes of condensate, a feedstock for PetroSA's Mossel Bay gas-to-liquid fuels plant.

>>16462522

>Once it received payment from PetroSA, Imvume would immediately pay it on to Glencore, which sourced the cargo on international markets. Glencore paid Imvume a commission.

This may be a socialist website but provides interesting information.

“Oil-for-food scandal: Washington’s preemptive strike on the UN” – Kofi Annan, George Bush, Richard Goldstone (a Jewish South African Apartheid judge) investigated it

https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2005/04/anna-a05.html

5 April 2005

A second interim report into the United Nation’s so-called oil-for-food scandal released last week exonerated secretary-general Kofi Annan of the main accusation against him: that he improperly used his influence to steer a UN contract worth $10 million a year to a Swiss firm Contecna that employed his son Kojo.

In all probability, some companies and individuals profitted handsomely from the $65 billion UN program that permitted the Saddam Hussein regime to sell oil and buy a limited range of humanitarian goods. The scale of the exercise, however, pales into insignificance alongside the current plundering of Iraq by Halliburton, Bechtel and other US corporations with close connections to the Bush administration and its illegal occupation of the country.

It also appears possible that Annan’s son may have traded on his father’s name to assist in obtaining a job and to set up in business. He would not be the first to do so. In his own sordid business dealings in the 1980s involving the Texas Rangers baseball team and Harken Energy, George W. Bush, the current US president, managed to leverage his family connections to then-vice president George Bush, his father, into a personal fortune worth millions.

The oil-for-food investigation, set up last April, is headed by former US Federal Reserve Board chairman Paul Volcker. Its two other members are Justice Richard Goldstone, the South African judge who prosecuted war crimes in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and Professor Mark Pieth, a Swiss academic specialist on money-laundering.

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9ff6e4  No.16931473

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16697445

>”University of Witwatersrand Famous Alumni”

>>16931448

>“Oil-for-food scandal: Washington’s preemptive strike on the UN” – Kofi Annan, George Bush, Richard Goldstone (a Jewish South African Apartheid judge) investigated it

“Talk to Jazeera - Judge Richard Goldstone - 22 Oct 09 - Pt 1” - https://youtu.be/CyEyPxlnW-M

Hon.RichardGoldstone - for an Apartheid Supreme Court Judge, he was given a lot of responsibilities after the ANC got into power. (1 of 2)

https://worldjusticeproject.org/about-us/who-we-are/honorary-chairs/richard_goldstone

Former Judge, Constitutional Court

Richard J. Goldstone was born on the 26th October 1938. After graduating from the University of the Witwatersrand with a BA LLB cum laude in 1962 he practised as an Advocate at the Johannesburg Bar. In 1976 he was appointed Senior Counsel and in 1980 was made Judge of the Transvaal Supreme Court. In 1989 he was appointed Judge of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court. From July 1994 to October 2003 he was a Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa. Since the spring of 2004, Justice Goldstone has been teaching as a visiting professor of law at number of United States Law Schools including Harvard Law School, Stanford Law School, NYU Law School, Fordham Law School, Georgetown University Law Center, and the University if Virginia Law School. During 2016 he also taught at the Central European University in Budapest and at Oxford University.

Justice Goldstone is a member of the boards of Physicians for Human Rights, and the Fordham University’s International Institute for Humanitarian Affairs. He is the chairman of the International Advisory Board of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court. He chairs the advisory boards of the Brandeis University Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life, the Institute for Transitional Justice and Reconciliation and the Coalition for the International Criminal Court. He is a member of the Africa Group for Justice and Accountability. In April 2004, he was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Independent International Committee, chaired by Paul Volcker, to investigate the Iraq Oil for Food program. He is the Honorary President of the Human Rights Institute of the International Bar Association. In 2008, he chaired a UN Committee to advise the United Nations on appropriate steps to preserve the archives and legacy of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. In 2009. he chaired the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on possible war crimes and international human rights violations committed by any party in the context of the military action in Gaza in December 2008 and January 2009.

From 1991 - 1994, he served as Chairperson of the Commission of Inquiry regarding Public Violence and Intimidation that came to be known as the Goldstone Commission. He was the Chairperson of the Standing Advisory Committee of Company Law from 1984 to 2004. From 15 August 1994 to September 1996 he served as the Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. During 1998 he was the chairperson of a high level group of international experts that met in Valencia, Spain, and drafted a Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities for the Director General of UNESCO (the Valencia Declaration). From August 1999 until December 2001he was the chairperson of the International Independent Inquiry on Kosovo. In December 2001 he was appointed as the co-chairperson of the International Task Force on Terrorism which was established by the International Bar Association. From 1999 to 2003 he served as a member of the International Group of Advisers of the International Committee of the Red Cross. From 1985 to 2000, Justice Goldstone was National President of the National Institute of Crime Prevention and the Rehabilitation of Offenders (NICRO).

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9ff6e4  No.16931483

YouTube embed. Click thumbnail to play.

>>16931473

“Talk to Jazeera - Judge Richard Goldstone - 22 Oct 09 - Pt 2” - https://youtu.be/MObLAhGSVoo

Hon.RichardGoldstone - for an Apartheid Supreme Court Judge, he was given a lot of responsibilities after the ANC got into power. (2 of 2)

https://worldjusticeproject.org/about-us/who-we-are/honorary-chairs/richard_goldstone

From 1995 to 2007 he was the Chancellor of the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. The many awards he has received locally and internationally include the International Human Rights Award of the American Bar Association (1994) and Honorary Doctorates of Law from universities in South Africa, Europe, North America and Israel. He is an Honorary Bencher of the Inner Temple, London, an Honorary Fellow of St Johns College, Cambridge, an Honorary Member of the Association of the Bar of New York, and a Fellow of the Weatherhead Centre for International Affairs at Harvard University. He is a Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In October 2006 he shared with Louise Arbour, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Thomas J. Dodd Prize in International Justice and Human Rights. In May, 2007 he received the Richard E. Neustadt Award from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. In January 2007 he received the World Peace Through Law Award from the Whitney Harris Institute for Global Legal Studies at International Law at Washington University in St. Louis. In May 2009, he received the International Justice Award of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and in December 2009, the Stockholm Award for International Justice.

He is the author of For Humanity: Reflections of a War Crimes Investigator, (2001) Yale University Press, and the co-author of International Judicial Institutions: the Architecture of International Justice at Home and Abroad (2008) Routledge.

He is married (wife Noleen) and has two married daughters - Glenda and Nicole. He has four grandsons, Jason, Sean, Ben and Jordan.

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9ff6e4  No.16931494

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>>16931448

“Are You Racist? | George Galloway | Oxford Union” – Galloway admits that he was an underground agent of the ANC during Apartheid under Nelson Mandela. https://youtu.be/6jfTaIW8mqg

“The Final Volcker Oil for Food Report: An Assessment” - George Galloway (An ANC agent) and others

https://www.heritage.org/report/the-final-volcker-oil-food-report-assessment

November 10, 2005

The $34 million U.N.-appointed Independent Inquiry Committee (IIC) issued its fifth and final report on October 27.[1] The 18-month investigation, chaired by Paul Volcker, has documented a huge amount of evidence regarding manipulation of the $60 billion Oil-for-Food Program by the Saddam Hussein regime with the complicity of more than 2,200 companies in 66 countries as well as a number of prominent international politicians.

The 500-page report paints an ugly tableau of bribery, kickbacks, corruption, and fraud on a global scale-without a doubt the biggest financial scandal in modern history. It amply demonstrates how the Iraqi dictator generously rewarded those who supported the lifting of U.N. sanctions on Iraq and who paid lip-service to his barbaric regime. Oil-for-Food became a shameless political charade through which Saddam Hussein attempted to manipulate decision-making at the U.N. Security Council by buying the support of influential figures in Russia and France.

The IIC evidence confirms many of the findings of the groundbreaking Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations (PSI) inquiry, which initially exposed the close ties between senior French and Russian politicians and the Iraqi regime.[2] The IIC's findings also broadly support the evidence presented by the PSI in its recent report on the activities of British MP George Galloway.[3]

• Several Russian political parties and politicians received allocations of Iraqi oil, including:

• The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (125.1 million barrels)

• Vladimir Zhirinovsky and the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (73 million barrels)

• Party of Peace and Unity (55.5 million barrels)

• Alexander Voloshin, Chief of Staff to Russian President Vladimir Putin (4.3 million barrels)[12]

• The Iraqi government, in addition to giving preference to French-based companies, "granted oil allocations to individuals based in France who espoused pro-Iraq views." These included:

• Jean-Bernard Merimee, Special Adviser to the United Nations, with the rank of Under-Secretary General (6 million barrels)

• Charles Pasqua, former Minister of the Interior (11 million barrels)[13]

• Claude Kaspereit, businessman and son of French MP Gabriel Kaspereit (over 9.5 million barrels)

• Serge Boidevaix, former Director of the Department for North Africa and the Middle East, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (over 32 million barrels)

• Gilles Munier, Secretary-General of the French-Iraqi Friendship Association (11.8 million barrels)[14]

British Member of Parliament George Galloway was allocated "a total of over 18 million barrels of oil" either directly "or in the name of one of his associates, Fawaz Abdullah Zureikat." Nearly two-thirds of the oil was lifted, or loaded by tanker at a port.

"Mr. Zureikat received commissions for handling the sale of approximately 11 million barrels that were allocated in Mr. Galloway's name."

"According to Iraqi officials, oil allocations were granted to fund Mr. Galloway's anti-sanctions activities. Iraqi officials identified Mr. Zureikat as acting on Mr. Galloway's behalf to conduct the oil transactions in Baghdad."[15]

• Roberto Formigioni, the President of the Lombardy Region of Italy was "granted a total of over 27 million barrels of oil" by the Government of Iraq. Over 24.1 million barrels of this oil were lifted.[16]

Serious questions have also emerged regarding blatant interference with the conclusions of the Volcker inquiry by the office of the U.N. Secretary-General. A recent report by the Los Angeles Times revealed an extraordinary last-minute intervention by Annan to protect his own name and head off the prospect of resignation, raising huge doubts over the independence of the U.N.-appointed inquiry.

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a24987  No.16934485

File: 99a7995ae27f14f⋯.jpg (48.16 KB, 668x781, 668:781, Oil_For_Food_Programme_1.JPG)

File: 15a52cb83809118⋯.jpg (101.65 KB, 1032x849, 344:283, Oil_For_Food_Programme_San….JPG)

File: 493e3b3c8bf00bc⋯.jpg (114.49 KB, 774x823, 774:823, Oil_For_Food_Programme_San….JPG)

File: 05f168a424c4196⋯.jpg (24.14 KB, 740x132, 185:33, Oil_For_Food_Programme_San….JPG)

>>16931494

>“The Final Volcker Oil for Food Report: An Assessment” - George Galloway (An ANC agent) and others

“INDEPENDENT INQUIRY COMMITTEE INTO THE UNITED NATIONS OIL-FOR-FOOD PROGRAMME (630 page doc) - D. SANDI MAJALI

http://www.iic-offp.org/documents/IIC%20Final%20Report%2027Oct2005.pdf

https://humanrightsvoices.org/assets/attachments/documents/volcker_report_10-27-05.pdf

PAGE 103 OF 623; PAGE 104 OF 623; PAGE 105 OF 623

D. SANDI MAJALI

One example in the Programme of exploitation of the symbiotic relationship between a country’s closely aligned political and business figures and the Government of Iraq, is that of Montega Trading (Pty) Limited (“Montega Trading”) and Imvume Management (Pty) Ltd. (“Imvume”). As described below, the principals of these two companies used their relationships with South African political leaders to obtain oil allocations under the Programme.

Throughout the Programme, South Africa and Iraq were actively developing business and political ties. In late November 1999, South Africa’s Deputy Foreign Minister Aziz Pahad led a delegation of 30 South African companies with interests in oil, electricity, and other sectors to Iraq. One purpose of the visit was “to expose South African businesses with already established interests in the so-called ‘oil-for-food’ programme with Iraq to the processes involved in winning such UN-approved contracts.”198

Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz and other Iraqi officials were also interested in gaining the political support of South Africa and its leaders. At the time, South Africa chaired several influential political alliances. South African President Thabo Mbeki was Chair of the NonAligned Movement (“NAM”) and had been the President of South Africa’s ruling party, the African National Congress (“ANC”), since 1997. He was also Chairman of the African Union. Within weeks after Mr. Pahad returned from his trip, Iraq established its Embassy in Pretoria, and, by 2001, Iraq had accredited a full Ambassador to South Africa using Iraqi funds that had been frozen until then.199

South African officials also pushed to improve trade relations. In October 2002, the South African Department of Foreign Affairs (“DFA”) sent a delegation of senior officials to Iraq. Both sides reportedly expressed satisfaction with the state of relations between their respective countries, which had been boosted by Mr. Aziz’s then recent visit to South Africa. Later that month, the DFA issued a statement that Mr. Pahad would visit Iraq to represent South Africa at the annual Baghdad International Trade Fair in November. During his visit, Mr. Pahad reportedly met with Saddam Hussein and conveyed a message t